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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110460
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - C929
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omistajan-kasikirja-110439
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-savininko-vadovas-110446
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-del-propietario-110438
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110457
Toys & Accessories - Lego - DUPLO Town - AROUND THE WORLD - 10805
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts_5d8a7f921c3648a62136367
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-navod-k-obsluze-110433
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kullan-m-k-lavuzu-110458
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-prirocnik-za-lastnika-110456
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-agarmanual-110454
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.6L 2BL SOHC--31218102
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuel-du-proprietaire-110440
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuale-del-proprietario-110445
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
Printers & Accessories - Xerox - WorkCentre Pro C2128~C2636~C3545
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
Printers & Accessories - Epson - WorkForce 40
DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Summary of Content
).3425#4)/.3 &/2 53% '%44).' /. !.$ /&& 4(% 6%()#,% The instructions below must be followed with the maximum care in order to avoid any injury to persons and damage to property and to the vehicle, caused by the falling of the rider or the passenger from the vehicle and/or the falling or overturning of the vehicle itself. aWARNING Risk of falling and overturning. Proceed with care. The operations and movements required to get on and off the vehicle must be performed with complete freedom of movement and with the hands free from obstruction caused by holding objects, the helmet, gloves or glasses. 44 use and maintenance RST mille Futura The vehicle is provided with two stands: centre stand and side stand. aCAUTION Do not start the engine with the vehicle positioned on the centre stand. Engaging the gears may make you lose control of the vehicle. Do not get on or let the passenger get on the vehicle if this is positioned on the centre stand. It is forbidden to position the vehicle on the centre stand while seated astride the vehicle in riding position. Get on and off the vehicle only from the left side and always with extended side stand. aCAUTION Do not apply the load of your weight or of the passenger’s weight onto the side stand. The stand has been designed to support the weight of the vehicle and a minimum load, without the rider and the passenger. Getting on the vehicle into the riding position with extended side stand is permitted only for the purpose of preventing the vehicle from falling or overturning and does not envision the loading of the weight of the rider and passenger onto the side stand. While getting on and off, the weight of the vehicle may cause an unbalance and the consequent loss of equilibrium, and the vehicle may fall or overturn. NOTE The rider must always be the first person to get on the vehicle and the last to get off and it is the rider who controls the balance and stability of the vehicle when the passenger gets on and off. When getting on and off the vehicle, the passenger must make careful movements, in order to maintain the balance of the vehicle and the rider. NOTE The rider is responsible for instructing the passenger how to safely get on and off the vehicle. The vehicle is equipped with special passenger footrests to make it easier to get on and off the vehicle. The passenger must always use the left footrest to get on and off the vehicle. Neither get off, nor try to get off the vehicle by jumping or stretching your leg down to the ground. In both cases this would compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle. NOTE Bags or objects strapped to the rear of the vehicle can represent an obstacle while getting on and off. In any case, perform a controlled movement with your right leg, which must avoid striking and safely pass the rear part of the fairing or the luggage without creating unbalance. GETTING ON THE VEHICLE ◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get on the vehicle without loading your weight onto the side stand. NOTE If it is impossible for you to place both feet on the ground, place the right foot on the ground (in case of unbalance, the left side of the vehicle is prevented from falling over by the side stand) and keep the left foot ready to rest on the ground. ◆ Place both feet on the ground and straighten the vehicle into riding position while keeping it in balance. NOTE ◆ Place both feet on the ground, keeping the vehicle in balance in riding position. ◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get off the vehicle. aCAUTION The rider must not extract or attempt to extract the passenger footrest while seated astride the vehicle, because this might compromise the stability and balance of the vehicle. Risk of falling and overturning. Make sure that the passenger has got off the vehicle. Do not load your weight onto the side stand. ◆ Have the passenger extract the two pas- ◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests senger footrests. ◆ Instruct the passenger how to safely get on the vehicle. ◆ Kick the side stand completely back using your left foot. GETTING OFF THE VEHICLE ◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p. 55 (PARKING). ◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 55 (STOPPING). on the ground. ◆ Grasp the handlebar correctly and get off the vehicle. ◆ Rotate the handlebar completely left- wards. ◆ Lift the passenger footrests. aCAUTION Make sure that the vehicle is stable. aWARNING Make sure that the parking surface is free from obstacles, firm and flat. ◆ With the left shoe heel, extend the side stand completely by acting on the appropriate lever. NOTE If it is impossible for you to place both feet on the ground, place the right foot on the ground (in case of unbalance, the left side of the vehicle is prevented from falling over by the side stand) and keep the left foot ready to rest on the ground. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 45 02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3 aWARNING Before departure, always carry out a preliminary checking of the vehicle to make sure that it functions correctly and safely, see the following table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS). The non-performance of these checking operations can cause severe personal injuries or damages to the vehicle. Do not hesitate to consult your aprilia Official Dealer in case there is something you do not understand about the functioning of some controls or in case you suspect or discover some irregularities. It does not take long to carry out a checkup and this operation ensures you much more safety. NOTE 46 This vehicle is set so that any use and maintenance RST mille Futura anomaly can be detected in real time and stored by the electronic unit. Whenever the ignition switch is turned to position “2”, the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” (1) comes on on the dashboard for approximately three seconds. aCAUTION If the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” (1) comes on and blinks when the engine is started or starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels; immediately contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. aCAUTION After the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi), the writing “SERVICE” (2) appears on the right display. In this case contact an APRILIA Official Dealer, who will carry out the operations indicated in the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART). 02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3 Component Check Page Front and rear disc brakes Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control levers, the fluid level and make sure there are no leaks. Check the wear of the pads. If necessary, top up the fluid tank. 30 (BRAKE FLUID - recommendations), 31 (DISC BRAKES), 32 (FRONT BRAKE), 34 (REAR BRAKE), 84 (CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR) Accelerator Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to open and close it completely, in all steering positions. If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it. 85 (ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL) Engine oil Check and/or top up if necessary. Wheel/tyres Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and tear and any damage. Remove any foreign matter that may be stuck in the tread grooves. Brake levers Make sure that they work smoothly. Lubricate the articulations and adjust the stroke if necessary. Clutch Check the operation of the clutch, the idle stroke of the control lever, the fluid level 35 (CLUTCH FLUID - recommendations), 36 and any leaks. (CLUTCH) If necessary, top up the fluid; the clutch must operate without jerking and/or slipping. 41 (ENGINE OIL), 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP) 40 (TYRES) 42 (ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE CONTROL LEVER CLEARANCE) Steering Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any clearance or slackening. Side stand and centre stand Make sure that it operates correctly. Make sure that when the stand is let lifted or lowered there is no friction and that the spring tension brings it back to its normal position. If necessary, lubricate joints and hinges. Make sure that the safety switch operates correctly. 87 (CHECKING THE STAND), 93 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES) Fastening elements Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose. If necessary, adjust or tighten them. – Drive chain Check the slack. Fuel tank Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary. Check the circuit for leaks. Make sure that the fuel cap is correctly closed. Coolant The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included between the “FULL” and “LOW” marks. 38 (COOLANT), 39 (CHECKING AND TOPPING UP) Engine stop switch (2 - 1) Make sure that it operates correctly. 23 [ENGINE STOP SWITCH ( Lights, warning lights LED, horn, rear Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual devices. Change the bulbs or brake light switch intervene in case of failure. end electric devices – 74 (DRIVE CHAIN), 75 (CLEANING AND LUBRICATION) 28 (FUEL), 76 (LIFTING THE FUEL TANK) 2 - 1)] 90 (BATTERY) – 100 (CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB) use and maintenance RST mille Futura 47 ◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to posi- tion “2”. ◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition 34!24).' aWARNING This vehicle is considerably powerful and must be used gradually and with the greatest care. Do not position any object inside the front part of the fairing (between the handlebar and the dashboard), in order not to hinder the rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward the dashboard. NOTE Before starting the engine, carefully read chapter “safe drive”, see p. 5 (SAFE DRIVE). aWARNING Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is extremely noxious if inhaled. Avoid starting the engine in closed or badly-ventilated rooms. 48 use and maintenance RST mille Futura The non-observance of this warning may cause loss of consciousness or even lead to death by asphyxia. NOTE With the side stand lowered, the engine can be started only if the gears are in neutral; in this case, if you try to engage the gears, the engine stops. With the side stand lifted, it is possible to start the engine either in neutral gear or with engaged gears and pulled in clutch lever. ◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). ◆ Make sure that the stand is completely lifted. ◆ Not provided for e. Make sure that the light switch (1) is in position “•”. ◆ Make sure that the dimmer switch (2) is in position “8”. switch to position “2”. At this point the following lights come on on the dashboard within three seconds: – all the warning lights LED; – all the dashboard lighting LEDs; – all the segments on the left display; – all the segments and writings on the right multifunction display; – the pointers of the indicators move to the bottom of the indicator range; thus testing the operation of LEDs, writings, segments and instruments. The fuel pump will pressurize the fuel supply circuit, sending out a hum for about three seconds. After three seconds, the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” (5) remains on on the dashboard (and will remain on until the engine is started) and the following will appear on the displays: – total number of kilometres covered (6); – fuel quantity (7); – coolant temperature (8) [up to 35 °C (95 °F) the writing “---” is displayed]; – hour and minutes (9). aCAUTION If the low fuel warning light LED “-” (10) comes on on the dashboard, provide for topping up as soon as possible, see p. 28 (FUEL). ◆ Operate the front brake lever completely. ◆ Pull the clutch lever (11) completely and shift the gearbox lever (12) into neutral [green warning light LED “/” (13) on]. NOTE If the room temperature is low (near to or lower than 0 °C – 32 °F), see p. 50 (STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE). aCAUTION To avoid excessive consumption of the battery, do not keep the start push button “+” pressed for more than fifteen seconds. If the engine does not start in this lapse of time, wait ten seconds and press the start push button “+” again. ◆ Press the start push button “+” (14) with- aCAUTION Avoid pressing the start push button “+” (14) when the engine is running, since you may damage the starter. If the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” (5) remains on, or if it comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient. In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. ◆ Keep at least one brake lever pulled and do not accelerate until you start. aCAUTION Never leave abruptly with cold engine. To reduce the emission of polluting substances and the consumption of fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding at low speed for the first miles. aCAUTION If the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” on the dashboard starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels; immediately contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. out accelerating and release it as soon as the engine starts. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 49 STARTING WITH COLD ENGINE When the room temperature is low (about 0 °C / 32 °F), it may be difficult to start the engine at the first attempt. In this case: ◆ Insist for at least ten seconds with the start push button “+” (14) pressed and at the same time moderately rotate the throttle grip (15). 50 use and maintenance RST mille Futura If the engine starts. ◆ Release the start push button “+” (14) and the throttle grip (15). ◆ If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle grip (15) slightly and frequently. If the engine does not start. Wait a few seconds and repeat the cold START PROCEDURE. $%0!2452% !.$ $2)6% aWARNING This vehicle is considerably powerful and must be used gradually and with the greatest care. Do not position any object inside the front part of the fairing (between the handlebar and the dashboard), in order not to hinder the rotation of the handlebar and visibility toward the dashboard. NOTE Before departure, carefully read the “safe drive” chapter, see p. 5 (SAFE DRIVE). aCAUTION If the low fuel warning light LED “-” (1) comes on on the dashboard while the vehicle is running, this means that the quantity of fuel left in the tank amounts to 4.5 ± 1 L. Provide for topping up as soon as possible, see p. 28 (FUEL). aWARNING If you drive without passenger, make sure that the passenger footrests are folded. While riding, keep your hands on the grips and your feet on the footrests. NEVER RIDE IN ANY POSITION OTHER THAN THOSE INDICATED. aWARNING If you drive with a passenger, instruct him/her so that he/she does not create problems during manouvres. Before leaving, make sure that the stand is completely lifted. To leave: ◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING). ◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view mirrors correctly, see p. 86 (REAR-VIEW MIRRORS). aCAUTION With the vehicle at rest, try to get acquainted with the use of the rear-view mirrors. The reflecting surface is convex, therefore the objects seem to be farther away than they actually are. These mirrors offer a “wide-angle” view and only experience will allow you to evaluate the distance of the following vehicles correctly. ◆ With released throttle grip (2) (Pos.A) and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (3) completely. ◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the gear lever (4) downwards. ◆ Release the brake lever (pulled on the starting). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 51 A 2 & 6a 5a 4a 3a 2a 5 4 3 6 7 8 5 In this case, stop the engine immediately and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. 4 3 aWARNING aCAUTION aCAUTION On departure, the abrupt release of the clutch lever may cause the engine to stall or the vehicle to jerk forwards. Never exceed the recommended rpm, see p. 54 (RUNNING-IN). Never accelerate abruptly or excessively when releasing the clutch lever, in order to prevent the clutch from “slipping” (slow release) or the front wheel from raising “rearing up” (quick release). the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B), without exceeding the recommended rpm, see p. 54 (RUNNING-IN). ◆ Slowly release the clutch lever (3) and at the same time accelerate by slightly turning the throttle grip (2) (Pos.B). The vehicle will start moving. ◆ Ride at reduced speed for the first miles, in order to warm the engine up. 52 use and maintenance RST mille Futura If the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” (5) comes on during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the engine oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient. ◆ Increase the speed by gradually rotating To engage the second gear: aCAUTION Proceed quickly. Never ride the vehicle at too low rpm. ◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A), pull the clutch lever (3) and lift the shifting lever (4). Release the clutch lever (3) and accelerate. ◆ Repeat the last two operations and shift up. The downshifting should be carried out in the following situations: ◆ When riding downhill or when braking, in order to increase the braking action by using the compression of the engine. ◆ When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is not suitable to the speed (high gear, moderate speed) and the engine rpm decreases. aCAUTION Shift the gears one by one; the simultaneous downshifting of more than one gear may make you exceed the maximum rpm (red line). Before and during the downshifting, release the throttle grip and decelerate, in order to avoid the “red line”. (COOLANT). If the situation on the dashboard remains the same after the coolant level has been checked, do not start the vehicle and contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. Do not turn the ignition switch to position “1”, since the cooling fans would stop independently of the coolant temperature and in this case the temperature would increase further. To shift down, proceed as follows: ◆ Release the throttle grip (2) (Pos.A). ◆ If necessary, pull the brake levers moderately and decrease the speed of the vehicle. ◆ Pull the clutch lever (3) and lower the shifting lever (4) to shift down. ◆ If the brake levers are pulled, release them. ◆ Release the clutch lever and accelerate moderately. aCAUTION If a temperature of 126 – 135 °C (259 – 275 °F) is displayed on the right side of the multifunction display and the last two segments of the indicator range blink, stop the vehicle and let the engine idle for approximately two minutes, thus allowing the coolant to circulate regularly in the system; then, press the engine stop switch to position “1” and check the coolant level, see p. 38 If the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” on the dashboard starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels; immediately contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. To avoid the overheating of the clutch, keep the engine running with vehicle at rest, engaged gears and pulled clutch lever for the shortest possible time. aWARNING Avoid opening and closing the throttle grip repeatedly and continuously, so that you do not accidentally lose control of the vehicle. If you have to brake, close the throttle and put on both brakes in order to obtain uniform deceleration, properly exerting pressure on the braking parts. By putting on the front brake only or the rear brake only, you reduce the braking force considerably, thus running the risk of locking one wheel and consequently losing grip. If you stop uphill, decelerate completely and use the brakes only to keep the vehicle steady. The use of the engine to keep the vehicle steady may cause the overheating of the clutch. Before beginning to turn, slow down or brake driving at moderate and constant speed or accelerating slightly; avoid braking at the last moment: it would be very easy to skid. If the brakes are operated continuously on downhill stretches, the friction surfaces may overheat, thus reducing the braking efficiency. Exploit the engine compression and shift down by putting on both brakes intermittently. Never drive downhill with the engine off! When visibility is insufficient, switch on the low beam even during the day, in order to make your vehicle more visible. In case of wet ground or scarce wheel grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly, avoiding sudden brakings or manoeuvres that could make you lose grip and fall down. aWARNING Pay the utmost attention to any obstacle or variation of the ground. Uneven roads, rails, manhole covers, use and maintenance RST mille Futura 53 indications painted on the road surface, building site metal plates become rather slippery by rain. For this reason all these obstacles have to be carefully avoided, driving smoothly and leaning the vehicle as little as possible. Always use the turn indicators in time when you intend to change lane or direction, avoiding sharp and dangerous movements. Switch off the direction indicators as soon as you have changed direction. Be extremely careful when you overtake other vehicles or are overtaken. In case of rain, the water cloud created by big vehicles reduces visibility; the air shift may make you lose control of the vehicle. 25..).' ). The running-in of the engine is essential to ensure its duration and correct functioning. If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or roads with many bends, so that the engine, the suspensions and the brakes undergo a more effective running-in. During running-in, change speed. In this way the components are first “loaded” and then “relieved” and the engine parts can thus cool down. Even if it is important to stress the engine components during running-in, take care not to exceed. NOTE Only after the first 1500 km (937 mi) of running-in you can expect the best performance levels from the vehicle. Keep to the following indications: ◆ Do not open the throttle completely if the speed is low, both during and after the running-in. ◆ During the first 100 km (62 mi) put on the brakes with caution, avoiding sharp and prolonged brakings. This ensures a correct bedding-in of the pads on the brake disc. ◆ During the first 1000 km (625 mi) never exceed 6000 rpm. aWARNING After the first 1000 km (625 mi), have an APRILIA Official Dealer carry out the checks indicated in the column “After 54 use and maintenance RST mille Futura running-in” of the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order to avoid hurting yourself or other people and/or damaging the vehicle. ◆ Between the first 1000 (625 mi) and 1500 km (937 mi) drive more briskly, change speed and use the maximum acceleration only for a few seconds, in order to ensure better coupling of the components; never exceed 7500 rpm (see table). ◆ After the first 1500 km (937 mi) you can expect better performance from the engine, however, without exceeding the maximum allowed (10500 rpm). Engine maximum rpm recommended Mileage km (mi) rpm 0 – 1000 (0 – 625) 6000 1000 – 1500 (625 – 937) 7500 over 1500 (937) 10500 aWARNING The fall or excessive inclination of the vehicle may cause the fuel to flow out of the tank. The fuel used for internal combustion engines is extremely inflammable and in particular conditions it can become explosive. aCAUTION 34/00).' aWARNING If possible, avoid stopping abruptly, slowing down suddenly and braking at the last moment. ◆ Release the throttle grip (1) (Pos.A), gradually put on the brakes and at the same time shift down in order to decrease the speed, see p. 51 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE). Once the speed has decreased, before stopping the vehicle: ◆ Pull the clutch lever (2) in order to prevent the stopping of the engine. When the vehicle has come to rest: ◆ Shift the gear lever to neutral (green warning light LED “/” on). ◆ Release the clutch lever (2). ◆ In case of a brief stop, keep at least one Do not apply the load of your weight or of the passenger’s weight onto the side stand. 0!2+).' It is very important to choose a suitable parking area, respecting the road signs and the indications given below. aWARNING Park the vehicle on firm and flat ground, to prevent it from falling down. Neither lean the vehicle against walls, nor lay it on the ground. Make sure that the vehicle and especially its red-hot parts do not represent a danger for persons and children. Do not leave the vehicle unattended when the engine is on or the key is inserted into the ignition switch. Do not get too near the cooling fans even if they are still, since they may start moving and suck clothes edges, hair, etc. To park the vehicle: ◆ Choose a suitable parking area. ◆ Stop the vehicle, see p. 55 (STOPPING). ◆ Move the engine stop switch (3) to position “1”. ◆ Rotate the key (4) and move the ignition switch (5) to position “1”. aWARNING When getting on or off the vehicle, keep to the instructions given, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). ◆ Following the indications, wait until the passenger has got off the vehicle before dismounting. ◆ Lock the steering, see p. 25 (STEERING LOCK) and extract the key. brake on. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 55 aWARNING Make sure that the vehicle is stable. The vehicle is provided with front and rear parking lights. Even if it is always advisable to park the vehicle in the appropriate parking areas and in any case in illuminated places, the parking lights are very useful when it is necessary to park the vehicle in a dark or badly illuminated area, or in any case when the vehicle must be visible. To switch on the parking lights, see p. 25 (PARKING LIGHTS). 0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /. 4(% 34!.$ on the ground. SIDE STAND To place the vehicle on the side stand while seated astride the vehicle, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). If any manoeuvre (for example, moving the vehicle) required the lifting of the stand, to place the vehicle on the stand again, proceed as follows: aWARNING ◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p. 55 (PARKING). ◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2). use and maintenance RST mille Futura and extend it completely (3). ◆ Incline the vehicle until the stand rests Make sure that the parking surface is free from obstacles, firm and flat. 56 ◆ Press the side stand with your right foot ◆ Steer the handlebar completely left- wards. aWARNING Make sure that the vehicle is stable. A 4 C 4 A CENTRE STAND aWARNING It is forbidden to position the vehicle on the centre stand while seated astride the vehicle in riding position. aWARNING Make sure that the parking surface is free from obstacles, firm and flat. ◆ Choose a suitable parking area, see p. 55 (PARKING). ◆ Grasp the left grip (1) and the handle (2). aCAUTION NOTE Do not let the side stand touch the ground. Keep the vehicle in vertical position. ◆ Press the side stand with your right foot and extend it completely (3). ◆ Push down the lever (4) of the centre stand (Pos.A) and rest it on the ground. aCAUTION B B ◆ Load your weight on the lever (4) (Pos.B) of the centre stand and at the same time move your centre of gravity towards the rear part of the (Pos.C) vehicle. aWARNING Make sure that the vehicle is stable. ◆ Let the side stand lifted. Proceed with care. The positioning of the vehicle on the centre stand may be difficult, since the vehicle is very heavy. Release the grip (1) and the handle (2) only after positioning the vehicle on the stand. The lowering of the side stand is suggested, for safety reasons, in order to prevent the vehicle from falling down or overturning in case of unbalance. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 57 PU SH -!).4%.!.#% 35''%34)/.3 4/ 02%6%.4 4(%&4 NEVER leave the ignition key (1) inserted and always use the steering lock “&”. Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in a garage or a protected place. When possible, use an additional anti-theft device. Make sure that all documents are in order and the road tax has been paid. Write down your personal data and telephone number in this page, to facilitate the identification of the owner in case of finding after theft. SURNAME: ............................................... NAME: ...................................................... ADDRESS: ............................................... ................................................................... TELEPHONE NO.: ................................... NOTE Very often stolen vehicles are identified thanks to the data written in the use/maintenance manual. 58 use and maintenance RST mille Futura Carefully read p. 2 (SAFETY WARNINGS), (TECHNICAL INFORMATION) and (WARNINGS - PRECAUTIONS GENERAL ADVICE). aWARNING Risk of fire. Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components. Before beginning any service operations or inspection of the vehicle, switch off the engine and remove the key, wait until the engine and the exhaust system have cooled down and, if possible, lift the vehicles with the proper equipment onto firm and flat ground. aWARNING Before proceeding, make sure that the room in which you are working is properly ventilated. Keep away from the red-hot parts of the engine and of the exhaust system, in order to avoid burns. Do not hold any mechanical piece or other parts of the vehicle with your mouth: the components are not edible and some of them are noxious or even toxic. aCAUTION If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the reassembly of the units repeat the disassembly operations in reverse order. In case any maintenance operation should be required, it is advisable to use latex gloves. Routine maintenance operations can usually be carried out by the user, but sometimes specific tools and specific technical skills may be required. In case periodic maintenance operations, assistance or technical advice are needed, contact an aprilia Official Dealer, who will ensure you prompt and accurate servicing. Ask your aprilia Official Dealer to test the vehicle on the road after a repair or periodic maintenance operation. In any case, personally carry out the “Preliminary checking operations” after any maintenance operation, see p. 47 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS). NOTE This vehicle is set so that any anomaly can be detected in real time and stored by the electronic unit. Whenever the ignition switch is turned to position “2”, the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” (1) comes on on the dashboard for approximately three seconds. aCAUTION If the diagnostic warning light LED “EFI” (1) comes on and blinks when the engine is started or starts blinking during the normal operation of the engine, this means that the electronic unit has detected an anomaly. In many cases, the engine keeps running with reduced performance levels; immediately contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. aCAUTION After the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi), the writing “SERVICE” (2) appears on the right display. In this case contact an APRILIA Official Dealer, who will carry out the operations indicated in the regular service intervals chart, see p. 60 (REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 59 2%'5,!2 3%26)#% ).4%26!,3 #(!24 OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE APRILIA Official Dealer (WHICH CAN BE CARRIED OUT EVEN BY THE USER). Key = check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary; = clean; = change; = adjust.     NOTE Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven surfaces or on racetracks. (*) = In case of use on racetracks, change every 3750 km (2343 mi). (**) = Check every two weeks or according to the intervals indicated. After running-in [1000 km (625 mi)] Every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months Every 15000 km (9375 mi) or 24 months Spark plugs (*) –   Air cleaner –   Engine oil filter (*)   – Engine oil filter (on oil tank)  –  Fork  –  Light operation/direction –  –   – Clutch fluid –  – Brake fluid –  – Component Light system Safety switches Coolant – –  Engine oil   (*) – Tyres  every 1000 km (625 mi):  Tyre pressure (**)  every 1000 km (625 mi):  at every start:  Engine oil pressure warning light LED every 1000 km (625 mi):  Drive chain tension and lubrication Brake pad wear 60 use and maintenance RST mille Futura  before every trip and every 2000 km (1250 mi):  OPERATIONS TO BE CARRIED OUT BY THE APRILIA Official Dealer Key = check and clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary; = clean; = change; = adjust.     NOTE Perform the maintenance operations with doubled frequency if the vehicle is used in rainy or dusty areas, on uneven surfaces or on racetracks. (*) = In case of use on race tracks, check every 3750 km (2343 mi). Component After running- Every 7500 km in [1000 km (4687 mi) or 12 (625 mi)] months Every 15000 km (9375 mi) or 24 months –  –   Transmission cables and controls Rear suspension linkage bearings – –  Rear shock absorber Steering bearings and steering clearance  Wheel bearings – Brake discs Braking systems    Cooling system – General running of the vehicle Adjusting the valve clearance Throttle body pin greasing  –    – – –  –    – – – Clutch fluid Brake fluid every 2 years:  Coolant Fork oil Fork oil seals  after the first 7500 km (4687 mi) and successively every 22500 km (14000 mi): after the first 30000 km (18750 mi) and successively every 22500 km (14000 mi): Brake pads if worn: Suspensions and attitude    Final transmission (chain, crown and pinion) – Fuel pipes – Clutch wear (*) – Wheel/Tyres Nut, bolt, screw tightening Cylinder synchronization   –      – –  – every 4 years: use and maintenance RST mille Futura  61 )$%.4)&)#!4)/. $!4! It is a good rule to write down the frame and engine numbers in the space provided in this manual. The frame number can be used for the purchase of spare parts. NOTE Do not alter the identification numbers if you do not want to incur severe penal and administrative sanctions. In particular, the alteration of the frame number results in the immediate invalidity of the guarantee. 62 use and maintenance RST mille Futura FRAME NUMBER The frame number is stamped on the right side of the steering column. ENGINE NUMBER The engine number is stamped on the rear part of the engine, near the pinion. Frame no. Engine no. #(%#+).' 4(% %.').% /), ,%6%, !.$ 4/00).' 50 Carefully read p. 41 (ENGINE OIL) and p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). Periodically check the engine oil level, change the oil after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months, see p. 64 (CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER). In case of use on racetracks, change the engine oil every 3750 km (2343 mi). For the check, proceed as follows: aCAUTION The engine oil level must be checked with warm engine. If the check is carried out with cold engine, the oil level may temporarily lower below the “MIN” mark. This is not a problem, provided that the engine oil pressure warning light LED “.” does not come on, see p. 16 (INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE). NOTE To warm the engine and have the engine oil reach the operating temperature, do not let the engine idle with the vehicle at rest. According to the correct procedure, it is advisable to carry out the check after a trip of after covering approximately 15 km (10 mi) on a road outside town (this is sufficient for the engine oil to reach the operating temperature). ◆ Stop the engine, see p. 55 (STOPPING). ◆ Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with the two wheels resting on the ground. ◆ Check the oil level in the transparent pipe (1) through the appropriate slot provided on the left fairing. MAX = maximum level MIN = minimum level. The difference between “MAX” and “MIN” amounts to approximately 500 cm#. ◆ The level is correct when the oil almost reaches the “MAX” mark. aCAUTION Never exceed the “MAX” mark, nor leave the oil below the “MIN” mark, in order to avoid serious damage to the engine. If necessary, top up the engine oil by proceeding as follows: ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (2). ◆ Remove the cover (3). ◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (4). aCAUTION Do not put additives or other substances into the oil. If you use a funnel or other similar items, make sure that they are perfectly clean. NOTE Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). ◆ Top up the tank and restore the correct level, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 63 #(!.').' 4(% %.').% /), !.$ 4(% /), &),4%2 aCAUTION The engine oil and the oil filter change operations may be difficult for unskilled operators. If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer. If you want to perform these operations personally, keep to the following instructions. Carefully read p. 41 (ENGINE OIL) and p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Periodically check the engine oil level, see p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP) change the oil after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months. Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns. aCAUTION To change, proceed as follows: ◆ Remove the left fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVE THE LEFT FAIRING). ◆ Remove the left lower fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVING THE LEFT LOWER FAIRING). ◆ Position a container (1) with more than 4000 cm# capacity in correspondence with the drain plug (2) positioned on the tank. ◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug (2) positioned on the tank. ◆ Unscrew and remove the filling cap (3). In case of use on racetracks, change every 3750 km (2343 mi). If the vehicle is used in dusty areas, change the oil more frequently. 64 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the con- tainer (1) for a few minutes. ◆ Check and if necessary replace the seal- ing washer of the drain plug (2) positioned on the tank. ◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (2) on the tank. Drain plug (2) driving torque: 15 Nm (1.5 Kgm). ◆ Move the container (1) and position it under the engine base, in correspondence with the drain plug positioned on the engine (4). ◆ Unscrew and remove the drain plug positioned on the engine (4). ◆ Drain the oil and let it drip into the container (1) for a few minutes. aCAUTION Do not dispose of the oil in the environment. Put it in a sealed container and take it to the filling station where you usually buy it or to an oil salvage center. ◆ Remove the metal residues from the drain plug (4) magnet. ◆ Screw and tighten the drain plug (4). Driving torque of the drain plug (4) positioned on the engine: 12 Nm (1.2 kgm). ◆ Clean the parts dirty with oil with a cloth. CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER Change the engine oil filter after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months (on each engine oil change). ◆ Unscrew the two screws (5) and remove the cover (6). ◆ Remove the engine oil filter (7). CLEANING THE ENGINE OIL FILTER ON THE TANK Clean the engine oil filter (9) on the tank after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 15000 km (9375 mi) (or every two engine oil changes). NOTE Prepare a screwdriver-type pipe clamp (10) to replace the original one (special type). aCAUTION ◆ Loosen the clamp (11) and disconnect Do not use filters that have already been used. ◆ Unscrew the engine oil filter (9) posi- ◆ Spread an oil film on the sealing ring (8) of the new engine oil filter. ◆ Fit the new engine oil filter. ◆ Put back the cover (6), screw and tighten the pipe (12). tioned on the tank. NOTE To withdraw the engine oil filter it is necessary to remove the engine oil tank partially. the two screws (5). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 65 ◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (13). ◆ Partially remove the engine oil tank (14) towards the outside. ◆ Pull the engine oil filter (9) and clean it with a jet of compressed air. aCAUTION Upon reassembly, make sure that the coupling (15) of the engine oil filter (9) is directed towards the outside. The pipe (12) must not be in contact with the drain compensator (16). ◆ Check the seal of the engine oil filter (9) positioned on the tank; screw and tighten it. Engine oil filter (9) driving torque: 30 Nm (3.0 kgm). ◆ Screw the two screws (13). ◆ Connect the pipe (12) and tighten the new clamp (10). 66 use and maintenance RST mille Futura aCAUTION Do not put additives or other substances into the oil. If you use a funnel or other similar items, make sure that they are perfectly clean. NOTE Use high-quality 15W – 50 oil, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). ◆ Pour about 3500 cm# of engine oil through the filling opening (17), see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). ◆ Tighten the filling cap (3). ◆ Put back the left lower fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVING THE LEFT LOWER FAIRING). ◆ Put back the left fairing, see p. 77 (REMOVE THE LEFT FAIRING). ◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING) and let it idle for about one minute, in order to ensure the filling up of the engine oil circuit. ◆ Check the oil level and top up if neces- sary, see p. 63 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP). !)2 #,%!.%2 Check the air cleaner every 7500 km (4687 mi) or 12 months, change it every 15000 km (9375 mi) or more frequently if the vehicle is used on dusty or wet roads. It is possible to clean the air cleaner partially after using the vehicle on this kind of roads. aCAUTION The partial cleaning of the filter does not exclude or postpone the replacement of the filter itself. Do not start the engine if the air cleaner has been removed. Do not clean the filtering element with petrol or solvents, since they may cause a fire in the fuel supply system, with serious danger for the persons in the vicinity and for the vehicle. DO NOT DISPOSE OF POLLUTING SUBSTANCES OR COMPONENTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT. ◆ Every 7500 km (4687 mi), remove the plug (1), empty its content into a container and deliver it to a salvage centre. REMOVAL ◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING THE FUEL TANK) ◆ Unscrew and remove the seven screws (2) that fasten the filter case cover (3). ◆ Remove the filter case cover (3). ◆ Extract the air cleaner (4). ◆ Check the conditions of the gasket (5) and change it if it is damaged. aCAUTION Plug the opening with a clean cloth, in order to prevent any foreign matter to get ito the suction ducts. Upon reassembly, before positioning the filter case cover (3), make sure that you have not left the cloth or other objects inside the filter case (6). Make sure that the filtering element is positioned correctly, in such a way as to prevent non-filtered air from entering. Remember that the untimely wear of the piston segments and the cylinder may be caused by a faulty or uncorrectly positioned filtering element. PARTIAL CLEANING CHANGING aCAUTION aCAUTION Do not press or strike the metal net of the air cleaner (4). Do not use screwdrivers or alike. Do not use filters that have already been used. ◆ Seize the air cleaner (4) vertically and ◆ Replace the air cleaner (4) with a new one of the same type. strike it more than once on a clean surface. ◆ If necessary, clean the air cleaner (4) with a compressed air jet (directing it from the inside towards the outside of the filter). aCAUTION When cleaning the filtering element, make sure that there are no tears. Otherwise, change the filtering element. ◆ Clean the outer part of the air cleaner (4) with a clean cloth. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 67 0/3)4)/.).' 4(% 6%()#,% /. 4(% &2/.4 3500/24 34!.$ m ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Insert the two ends of the stand (1) in the two holes (2) positioned on the lower ends of the front fork. ◆ Rest one foot on the front part of the stand (3). ◆ Push the stand (3) downwards until it reaches the end of its stroke. &2/.4 7(%%, aCAUTION The disassembly and reassembly of the front wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer. If you want to perform these operations personally, keep to the following instructions. Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). While disassembling and reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake pipes, the discs and the pads. aWARNING Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and the vehicle. 68 use and maintenance RST mille Futura Check the conditions of the wheel rim and change it if it is damaged. DISASSEMBLY ◆ Remove the front brake calipers, see p. 71 (FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS). ◆ Put a support (4) under the tyre, in such a way as to keep the wheel in its position after loosening it. aCAUTION Make sure that the vehicle is stable. ◆ Have someone keep the handlebar steady in running position, so that the steering is locked. Wheel nut (5) driving torque: 80 Nm (8 kgm). ◆ Loosen and remove the wheel nut (5), taking the washer (6). Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque: 22 Nm (2.2 kgm). 4 ◆ Partially unscrew the two wheel pin REASSEMBLY clamp screws (7) (right side). ◆ Partially unscrew the two wheel pin clamp screws (8) (left side). ◆ Spread a film of lubricating grease on the NOTE Take notice of the position of the left (9) and right spacer (10), in order to be able to reassemble them correctly. NOTE To facilitate the extraction of the wheel pin, slightly raise the wheel. ◆ Push the wheel pin (11), by carefully act- ing on the threaded end and using a rubber hammer if necessary. ◆ Support the front wheel and manually withdraw the wheel pin (11). ◆ Remove the wheel by withdrawing it from the front. NOTE The left (9) and right (10) spacers remain positioned in the respective seats in the wheel; if they should come off or be removed, take care to put them back correctly (see REASSEMBLY). whole length of the wheel pin (11), see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). must be visible on the left side of the vehicle. ◆ Position the wheel between the fork rods on the support (4). aCAUTION While reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake pipes, discs and pads. NOTE Carry out the operation described aWARNING Danger of injury. Do not introduce your fingers to align the holes. ◆ Move the wheel until its central hole and the holes on the fork are aligned. below only if the right spacer (10) has come off its seat. ◆ Introduce the wheel pin (11) completely ◆ Insert the spacer ring (10) with its longer NOTE Make sure that the wheel pin (11) diameter towards the outside of the vehicle. aCAUTION The arrow on the wheel hub indicates the direction of rotation. Upon reassembly, make sure that the wheel is positioned correctly: the arrow from the left side. is completely inserted. ◆ Position the washer (6) and tighten the wheel nut (5) manually. NOTE In this phase, for the temporary tightening of the two wheel pin clamp screws (8) (left side), the driving torque value need not be respected. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 69 ◆ Screw the two wheel pin clamp screws ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, (8) (left side) and tighten them as much as necessary to lock the rotation of the wheel pin (11). ◆ Tighten the wheel nut (5) completely. see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Tighten the two screws (8) of the wheel pin clamp (left side). Wheel nut (5) driving torque: 80 Nm (8.0 kgm). Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque (8): 22 Nm (2.2 kgm). ◆ Tighten the two wheel pin clamp screws ◆ Make sure that the following components (7) (right side). Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque: 22 Nm (2.2 kgm). ◆ Loosen the two wheel pin clamp screws (8) (left side). ◆ Put back the front brake calipers, see p. 71 (FRONT BRAKE CALIPERS). ◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork downwards. In this way the fork rods will settle properly. 70 use and maintenance RST mille Futura are not dirty: – tyre; – wheel; – brake discs. aWARNING After reassembly, pull the front brake lever repeatedly and check the correct functioning of the braking system. Have the driving torques, centering and balancing of the wheel checked by your APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid accidents that may be harmful for you and/or other people. DISASSEMBLY ◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate front support stand, see p. 68 (POSIT IO N IN G TH E V E H I C LE O N T H E FRONT SUPPORT STAND m). aCAUTION Make sure that the vehicle is stable. ◆ Manually rotate the wheel, so that the &2/.4 "2!+% #!,)0%23 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING A dirty disc soils the pads, with consequent reduction of the braking efficiency. Dirty pads must be replaced, while dirty discs must be cleaned with a highquality degreaser. aCAUTION While disassembling and reassembling the wheel, be careful not to damage the brake pipes, the discs and the pads. NOTE For the removal of the front brake calipers, it is necessary to prepare the appropriate front support stand m. space between two spokes of the rim is in correspondence with the brake caliper. ◆ Have someone keep the handlebar steady in running position, so that the steering is locked. Brake caliper screw driving torque (1): 50 Nm (5.0 kgm). ◆ ✱ Unscrew and remove the two brake caliper screws (1). aCAUTION Never pull the brake lever after removing the caliper, otherwise the pistons may go out of their seats, thus causing the outflow of the brake fluid. In this case consult your APRILIA Official Dealer, who will carry out the proper maintenance operation. REASSEMBLY aCAUTION Proceed with care, in order not to damage the brake pads. ◆ ✖ Insert the brake caliper (2) on the disc and position it so that its fastening holes and the holes on the support are aligned. aWARNING Upon reassembly of the brake caliper, replace the caliper fastening screws (1) with two new screws of the same type. ◆ ✖ Screw and tighten the two screws (1) that fasten the brake caliper. Brake caliper screw driving torque (1): 50 Nm (5.0 kgm). Work on the second brake caliper: ◆ Repeat the operations marked with ✖. ◆ Remove the front support stand m, see p. 68 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE FRONT SUPPORT STAND m). aCAUTION After reassembly, pull the brake lever repeatedly and check the correct functioning of the braking system. ◆ ✱ Withdraw the brake caliper (2) from the disc, leaving it attached to the pipe (3). Work on the second brake caliper: ◆ Repeat the operations marked with ✱. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 71 4 3 A 6 5 1 2 2%!2 7(%%, aCAUTION The disassembly and reassembly of the rear wheel may be difficult for unskilled operators. If necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer. If you want to perform these operations personally, keep to the following instructions. Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns. 72 use and maintenance RST mille Futura B 8 aWARNING Riding with damaged rims may be dangerous for the rider, other persons and the vehicle. Check the conditions of the wheel rim and change it if it is damaged. NOTE For the removal of the rear wheel it is necessary to have a caliper spanner (A) and an appropriate dynamometric spanner (B). DISASSEMBLY ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ With the caliper spanner, unscrew and remove the cover (1). ◆ Remove the seeger (2). ◆ Withdraw the locking nut (3). ◆ Engage the first gear, to prevent the wheel from turning. ◆ Insert the bushing (5) provided in the tool kit into the screw hole (4). ◆ Insert the dynamometric spanner into the hexagonal seat of the bushing (5). Wheel fastening screw driving torque: 170 Nm (17.0 kgm). ◆ Unscrew and remove the wheel fasten- ing screw (6). aWARNING The propeller shaft is provided with a tang (7). Prevent the tang (7) from coming off its seat during the removal of the wheel. In this case: ◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral. ◆ Turn the wheel in such a way as to position the tang (7) in the lower part. ◆ Remove the wheel (8) completely and take the centering bush (9). REASSEMBLY aWARNING Before proceeding with the reassembly, make sure that the tang (7) is present and correctly positioned. If it has come off its seat, position it correctly. Do not forget to put it back. ◆ Rotate the propeller shaft in such a way as to position the tang (7) in the upper part. ◆ Position the wheel (8) on the propeller shaft, making sure that the three driving pins (10) are correctly inserted in the appropriate seats in the wheel. ◆ Engage the first gear, to prevent the wheel from turning. ◆ Make sure that the tang (7) is positioned in the appropriate seat in the propeller shaft. ◆ Correctly position the centering bush (9), fitting the tang (7) in the slot (11). ◆ Spread a film of lubricating grease on the thread of the wheel fastening screw (6). ◆ Manually screw the wheel fastening screw (6). ◆ Insert the bushing (5) into the screw hole (4). ◆ Insert the dynamometric spanner into the hexagonal seat of the bushing (5). aWARNING Make sure that the wheel fastening screw (6) is tightened with the prescribed driving torque. Wheel fastening screw driving torque: 170 Nm (17.0 kgm) ◆ Tighten the wheel fastening screw (6). ◆ Insert the locking nut (3) in the screw hole (4), trying to find the correct position for the complete insertion of the nut itself. ◆ Correctly position the snap ring (2). ◆ Screw the plug (1). aCAUTION Have the driving torques, centering and balancing of the wheel checked by your APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid accidents that may be harmful for you and/or other people. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 73 aCAUTION Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in difficult conditions or on dusty and/or muddy roads. CHECKING THE SLACK $2)6% #(!). Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). The vehicle is equipped with an endless chain, in which a ring link joint is not used. aCAUTION An excessive slackening of the chain may cause noise or make the chain rattle, with consequent wear of the shoe and of the chain guide plate. Periodically check the slack and adjust it if necessary, see p. 74 (ADJUSTMENT). To change the chain, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer, who will ensure you prompt and accurate servicing. Incorrect maintenance may cause the untimely wear of the chain and/or damages to the pinion and/or the crown. To check the slack, proceed as follows: ◆ Stop the engine, see p. 55 (STOPPING). ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Position the shifting lever in neutral. ◆ Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in an intermediate point between pinion and crown in the lower part of the chain, is about 25 mm. ◆ Move the vehicle forwards, or turn the wheel, in order to be able to check the vertical oscillation of the chain even when the wheel turns; the slack must be constant in all the rotation phases of the wheel. aCAUTION If in some positions the slack is higher than in others, this means that there are crushed or seized links; in this case, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. To prevent the risk of seizures, lubricate the chain frequently, see p. 75 (CLEANING AND LUBRICATION). If the slack is uniform, but higher or lower than 25 mm, adjust it, see p. 74 (ADJUSTMENT). 74 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ADJUSTMENT If after the check it is necessary to adjust the chain tension, slacken the chain to increase the slack, tighten the chain to decrease it. The vehicle is provided with an adjusting device with metal ring, which makes it possible to tighten or slacken the chain. By rotating the metal ring clockwise you tighten the chain; by rotating the metal ring anticlockwise you slacken the chain. ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). Driving torque of nuts (1): 30 Nm (3.0 kgm). ◆ Loosen the nuts (1). NOTE Prepare the pin spanner (2) and its extension (3) provided in the tool kit. The crushed or seized links must be lubricated and made work again. If this is not possible, contact an APRIL IA Official Dealer, who will provide for changing the chain. ◆ Finally, check the wear of the rear fork protection shoe. CLEANING AND LUBRICATION aCAUTION To slacken the chain: ◆ Insert the pin spanner (2) as indicated in the figure (A). To tighten the chain: ◆ Insert the pin spanner (2) as indicated in the figure (B). Once the pin spanner (2) has been correctly inserted: ◆ Couple the pin spanner (2) to the metal ring (4). ◆ Insert the extension (3) in the pin spanner. ◆ Use the pin spanner (2) to adjust the chain slack. ◆ Check the chain slack, see p. 74 (DRIVE CHAIN). ◆ Tighten the two nuts (1). Driving torque of nuts (1): 30 Nm (3.0 kgm). CHECKING THE DRIVING CHAIN, PINION AND SPROCKET WEAR Further, check the chain and sprockets and make sure that they do not present: – damaged rollers; – loose pins; – dry, rusty, crushed or seized links; – excessive wear; – lacking O rings; – sprocket or teeth excessively worn or damaged. aCAUTION If the chain rollers are damaged, the pins are loose and/or the O rings are damaged or lacking, it is necessary to change the whole chain unit (both sprockets and chain). aCAUTION Lubricate the chain frequently, especially if there are dry or rusty parts. The drive chain is provided with O rings among the links, in order to keep the grease inside them. Carry out the adjustment, lubrication, cleaning and change of the chain with great care. Never wash the chain with water jets, steam jets, high-pressure water jets and highly inflammable solvents. ◆ Wash the chain with naphtha or kerosene. If it tends to rust quickly, intensify the maintenance intervals. Lubricate the chain every 1000 km (625 mi) or whenever necessary. ◆ After washing the chain and letting it dry, lubricate it with spray grease for chains provided with sealing rings, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). aCAUTION The lubricants for chains available on the market may contain substances that are dangerous for the rubber sealing rings of the chain. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 75 NOTE Do not use the vehicle soon after lubricating the chain, since due to the centrifugal force the lubricant would be sprayed outwards and dirty the surrounding areas. ,)&4).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+ Carefully read p. 28 (FUEL) and p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Risk of fire. Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down. Fuel vapours are noxious for your health. Before proceeding, make sure that the room in which you are working is properly ventilated. Do not inhale fuel vapours. Do not smoke and do not use naked flames. DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE ENVIRONMENT. 76 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1). ◆ Remove the grille (2). ◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (3) that fasten the front part of the fuel tank (4), taking bushes and washers. NOTE Prepare the support rod (5) provided in the tool kit. The rubber-covered end of the rod (5) must be introduced in the central hole of the steering pin. ◆ Lift the front part of the fuel tank (4) and introduce the rod (5) as indicated in the figure. 2%-/6% 4(% ,%&4 &!)2).' Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Wait until the engine and the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down. ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, 2%-/6).' 4(% ,%&4 ,/7%2 &!)2).' Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). ◆ Remove the left fairing, see p. 77 (RE- MOVE THE LEFT FAIRING). ◆ Unscrew and remove the two lower screws (5). see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Unscrew and remove the three screws (1). ◆ Unscrew and remove the five upper screws (2). ◆ Unscrew and remove the four lower screws (3). ◆ Unscrew and remove the rear screw (6). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (7). aCAUTION ◆ Remove the left lower fairing (8) com- aCAUTION Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or damaging them. plete with the guard (9). Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or damaging them. ◆ Remove the side fairing (4). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 77 2%-/6).' 4(% &53% "/8 #/6%2 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). ◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (1). aCAUTION Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or damaging them. ◆ Remove the fuse box cover (2) and take the bush. 78 use and maintenance RST mille Futura 2%-/6).' 4(% $!3("/!2$ 0!.%, Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). The dashboard panel is constituted by two units: right part and left part. NOTE The following information refers to one unit only, but is valid for both. ◆ Remove the fuse box cover, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (3). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4). aCAUTION Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or damaging them. Do not damage the tangs and/or their seats. NOTE The left dashboard panel remains attached to the saddle lock cable (5). Carry out the partial removal. ◆ Remove the dashboard panel (6). 2%-/6).' 4(% ,/7%2 #/6%2 /& 4(% &2/.4 0!24 /& 4(% &!)2).' Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). ~Unscrew and remove the screw (1). ~Unscrew and remove the screw (2). ◆ Remove the lower cover of the front part of the fairing (3). aCAUTION Upon reassembly, fit the tangs correctly (4) in the appropriate seats. aCAUTION Proceed with care. Do not damage the tangs and/or their seats. Handle the plastic and painted components with care to avoid scraping or damaging them. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 79 ADJUSTING THE FRONT FORK The standard setting of the front fork is adjusted in such a way as to be suitable for most driving conditions, at high and low speed, for the transport of the rider with luggage. However, it is also possible to adjust the setting according to the intended use of the vehicle. NOTE Before acting on the adjusters, choose the desired adjustment, following the indications given in the table at p. 81. ).30%#4).' 4(% &2/.4 !.$ 2%!2 3530%.3)/.3 aCAUTION NOTE Have the front fork oil changed by If you notice irregularities in the operation or if the help of a qualified technician is necessary, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer. an aprilia Official Dealer, who will ensure you prompt and accurate servicing. &2/.4 3530%.3)/. Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). Have the front fork oil changed after the first 7500 km (4687 mi) and successively every 22500 km (14000 mi). Carry out the following checks after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 15000 km (9375 mi): ◆ With pulled front brake lever, press the handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork downwards. The stroke must be gentle and there must be no trace of oil on the rods. ◆ Check the fastening of all the components and the functionality of the front and rear suspension joints. Have the fork oil seals changed by a aprilia Official Dealer after the first 30000 km (1875 mi) and successively every 22500 km (14000 mi). The front suspension consists of an hydraulic fork connected to the steering column by means of two plates. For the setting of the vehicle attitude, each rod of the fork is provided: – with an upper screw (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber; – an upper nut (2) for the adjustment of the spring preload. TYPES OF ADJUSTMENT Standard adjustment: for normal load (for example, rider and luggage). Medium adjustment: for heavy load (for example, passenger, rider and luggage). Rigid adjustment: for sporty riding. Soft adjustment: for less sporty riding (touristic). aCAUTION Do not force the rotation of the adjusting screw (1) beyond the end of stroke in both directions, in order to avoid any damage. Set the same spring preload and hydraulic braking for both rods: a different setting of the rods decreases the stability of the vehicle while riding. When the spring preload is increased, it 80 use and maintenance RST mille Futura is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking, in order to avoid sudden jerks while riding. 1 2 aCAUTION For the adjustment, always start from the most rigid setting [complete clockwise rotation of the screw (1)]. As a point of reference for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, use the notches obtained on the adjusting screw (1). Gradually rotate the screw (1) giving 1/8 turn per time. Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road, until obtaining the optimal adjustment. aCAUTION No adjustment of the rod protrusion (B) is planned. It is forbidden to modify the attitude of the vehicle by modifying this protrusion. In the standard setting the rod protrusion reaches the first notch (B). If you should notice that the rod protrusion is not as prescribed, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer A B FRONT FORK ADJUSTMENT TABLE Front suspension Standard adjustment Soft adjustment Rigid adjustment Medium adjustment Hydraulic adjustfrom completely from completely from completely from completely ment with exclosed (*) closed (*) closed (*) closed (*) tended shock open (**) open (**) open (**) open (**) absorber, screw 1.25 turns 1.5 turns 1 turn 1.25 mm (1) Spring preload, nut (2) [protrusion reference, notches (A)] at the 6th notch at the 7th notch at the 5th notch at the 7th notch (*) = clockwise (**) = anticlockwise use and maintenance RST mille Futura 81 1 2 2%!2 3530%.3)/. The rear suspension consists of a springshock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by means of a uni-ball and to the rear fork by means of lever systems. For the setting of the vehicle attitude, the shock absorber is provided: – with a screw adjuster (1) for the adjustment of the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber; – a knob adjuster (2) for the adjustment of the spring preload (3). use and maintenance RST mille Futura aCAUTION ADJUSTING THE REAR SHOCK ABSORBER Check and if necessary adjust the rear shock absorber every 15000 km (9375 mi). The standard setting of the rear shock absorber is adjusted so that it is suitable for most driving conditions, at high and low speed, for the transport of the rider with luggage. However, it is also possible to adjust the setting according to the intended use of the vehicle. Adjust the spring preload and the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber according to the conditions of use of the vehicle. aWARNING Test the vehicle repeatedly on the road, until obtaining the optimal adjustment. Before acting on the adjusters, wait for the engine and the exhaust silencer to cool down completely. 82 TYPES OF ADJUSTMENT Standard adjustment: for normal load (for example, rider and luggage). Medium adjustment: for heavy load (for example, passenger, rider and luggage). Rigid adjustment: for sporty riding. Soft adjustment: for less sporty riding (touristic). When the spring preload is increased, it is necessary to increase also the hydraulic braking with extended shock absorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks while riding. If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. aCAUTION To avoid affecting the operation of the shock absorber, neither remove the screw (4), nor adjust the underlying membrane, since this may cause nitrogen to flow out, with consequent risk of accidents. REAR SHOCK ABSORBER ADJUSTMENT TABLE Rear suspension Standard adjustment Soft adjustment Rigid adjustment Medium adjustment Hydraulic adjust- from completely from completely from completely from completely ment with exclosed (*) closed (*) closed (*) closed (*) tended shock open (**) open (**) open (**) open (**) absorber, screw 9 clicks 10 clicks 8 clicks 7 clicks (1) Spring preload, knob (2) from completely from completely from completely from completely open (**) open (**) open (**) open (**) close (*) close (*) close (*) close (*) 14 clicks 4 clicks 22 clicks 34 clicks (*) = clockwise (**) = anticlockwise use and maintenance RST mille Futura 83 3 1 2 1 #(%#+).' 4(% "2!+% 0!$ 7%!2 Carefully read p. 30 (BRAKE FLUID recommendations), p. 31 (DISC BRAKES) and p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). NOTE The following information refer to a single braking system, but are valid for both. Check the brake pad wear after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 2000 km (1250 mi) and before every trip. The wear of the disc brake pads depends on the use, on the kind of drive and on the road. aWARNING Check the wear of the brake pads, especially before every trip. 84 use and maintenance RST mille Futura 1 = 1 mm To carry out a rapid checking of the wear of the pads, proceed as follows: ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Carry out a visual check between the disc and the pads, proceeding: – from below, on the front part, for the front brake calipers (1); – from above, on the rear part, for the rear brake calipers (2). If the thickness of the friction material [even of one front (3) or rear pad (4) only] has reduced to about 1 mm (or even if only one of the wear indicators is not visible any longer): – for the front brake calipers (right and left), have all pads of both calipers changed. – for the rear brake caliper, have both pads of the caliper changed. aCAUTION Have the pads changed by your APRILIA Official Dealer. The excessive wear of the friction material would cause the contact of the pad metal support with the disc, with consequent metallic noise and production of sparks from the caliper; braking efficiency, safety and soundness of the disc would thus be negatively affected. aWARNING )$,).' !$*534-%.4 aCAUTION The idling adjustment operations require specific knowledge, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. !$*534).' 4(% #/,$ 34!24 #/.42/, 0 aCAUTION The operations necessary to adjust the cold start control “0” require specific skills and therefore should be carried out by an APRILIA Official Dealer. !$*534).' 4(% !##%,%2!4/2 #/.42/, Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). Have the accelerator control cables checked by an aprilia Official Dealer after the first 1000 km (625 mi) and successively every 7500 km (4687 mi). The idle stroke of the throttle grip must be 2 – 3 mm, measured on the edge of the grip itself. aCAUTION After the adjustment, make sure that the rotation of the handlebar does not modify the engine idling rpm and that the throttle grip returns smoothly and automatically to its original position after being released. If not, proceed as follows: ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Withdraw the protection element (1). ◆ Loosen the lock nut (2). ◆ Rotate the adjuster (3) in such a way as to restore the prescribed value. ◆ After the adjustment, tighten the lock nut (2) and check the idle stroke again. ◆ Put back the protection element (1). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 85 2%!2 6)%7 -)22/23 The rear-view mirrors house the front direction indicators. In order to reduce the overall dimensions of the vehicle, the rear-view mirrors are provided with a joint that allows them to be rotated upwards. aWARNING Do not leave with the rear-view mirrors rotated upwards. Before leaving, always make sure that the rear-view mirrors are not rotated upwards and are correctly adjusted. aWARNING For the adjustment of the rear-view mirrors, wear clean gloves or use a clean cloth, in order to avoid dirtying the reflecting surface and reducing visibility. 86 use and maintenance RST mille Futura Rotation of the rear-view mirrors aCAUTION Handle the components with care. Adjustment of the rear-view mirrors. ◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). ◆ Rotate the mirror support (1) upwards, aCAUTION until you hear it snap. aCAUTION To move the mirror support (1) back to its initial position, rotate it in the opposite direction. Do not rotate the rear-view mirrors in the wrong directions, otherwise the electric cables of the direction indicators may be damaged. Handle the components with care. ◆ Adjust the inclination of the rear-view mirror (3) correctly, by working on the reflecting surface (2) with your fingers. Repeat the same operations to adjust the other rear-view mirror. NOTE The vehicle is provided with an air temperature sensor (4) positioned on the left rear-view mirror. ◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud deposits. ◆ Move the stand to let it lifted and release A it halfway to make sure that the springs provide for lifting it completely. ◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if necessary grease the joint, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). 5 6 1a 7 #(%#+).' 4(% 34!.$ ◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged, Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE) and p. 93 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES). ◆ Make sure that when lifted the stand The vehicle is provided with two stands: – side stand (1); – centre stand (2). The stand has two positions: – normal or lifted; – extended. It is the rider who must provide for extending and lifting the stand. The stand must rotate without hindrances. The springs (3) provide for keeping the stand in the desired position (extended or lifted). CENTRE STAND ◆ Position the vehicle on the side stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). worn, rusty or weakened. presents no slacks. ◆ Move the stand and release it, making sure that the springs lift it completely. ◆ The side stand must rotate freely, if nec- essary grease the joint, see p. 109 (LUBRICANT CHART). SIDE STAND ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ The springs (3) must not be damaged, worn, rusty or weakened. ◆ Make sure that the stand presents no slack in either position (extended and lifted). ◆ Lower the stand, making sure that the springs provide for extending it completely. The side stand (1) is provided with a safety switch (4) that has the function to prevent or interrupt the operation of the engine with the gears on and the side stand (1) lowered. To check the proper functioning of the safety switch (4), proceed as follows: ◆ Start the engine, see p. 48 (STARTING). ◆ With released throttle grip (5) (Pos.A) and engine idling, pull the clutch lever (6) completely. ◆ Engage the first gear, by pushing the gear lever (7) downwards. ◆ Lower the side stand (1), thus operating the safety switch (4). At this point: – the engine must stop; – the side stand down warning light LED “Æ” must come on. aCAUTION If the engine does not stop, contact an APRILIA Official Dealer. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 87 30!2+ 0,5'3 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aCAUTION Check, clean or change all the spark plugs, one by one. Check the spark plugs every 7500 km (4687 mi), change them every 15000 km (9375 mi). In case of use on racetracks, change the spark plugs every 3750 km (2343 mi). Periodically remove the spark plugs and clean them carefully, removing carbon deposits; change them if necessary. aCAUTION Even if only one spark plug needs changing, always replace all of them. 88 use and maintenance RST mille Futura To reach the spark plugs: For the removal, proceed as follows: aWARNING aCAUTION Before carrying out the following operations, let the engine and the silencer cool down until they reach room temperature, in order to avoid burns. Do not invert the position of the two spark plug caps. Do not remove the two spark plug caps at the same time. ◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING ◆ Remove the cap (1) of the spark plug (2). ◆ Remove any trace of dirt from the spark THE FUEL TANK) NOTE The vehicle is equipped with two spark plugs per cylinder (A) and (B). The following operations refer to the two spark plugs of one cylinder, but are valid for both cylinders. aCAUTION Carry out all the operations indicated on the first spark plug and then repeat them on the second spark plug of the same cylinder. plug base. ◆ Introduce the special spanner provided in the tool kit on the spark plug. ◆ Insert the 13 mm fork spanner provided in the tool kit in the hexagonal seat of the spark plug spanner. ◆ Unscrew the spark plug and extract it from its seat, taking care to prevent dust or other substances from getting inside the cylinder. The gap must be 0.6 – 0.7 mm, otherwise it is necessary to change the spark plug. ◆ Make sure that the washer (8) is in good conditions. For the installation: ◆ With the washer on (8), screw the spark For the check and cleaning: aCAUTION This vehicle is fitted with spark plugs featuring platinum-type electrodes. To clean the spark plugs, do not use wire brushes and/or abrasive products, but only a pressurized air jet. Key: – centre electrode (3); – insulating (4); – side electrode (5). ◆ Make sure that there are neither carbon deposits, nor corrosion marks on the electrodes and on the insulating material; if necessary, clean them with a pressurized air jet. If the spark plug has crackings on the insulating material, corroded electrodes, excessive deposits or the tip (6) of the central electrode (3) is rounded, it must be changed. aCAUTION When changing the spark plug, check the thread pitch and length. If the threaded part is too short, the carbon deposits will accumulate on the thread seat, and therefore the engine may be damaged during the installation of the right spark plug. Use the recommended type of spark plugs only, see p. 105 (TECHNICAL DATA), in order not to compromise the life and performance of the engine. To check the spark plug gap, use a wire thickness gauge (7) to avoid damaging the platinum covering. ◆ Check the spark plug gap with a wire thickness gauge (7). aCAUTION Do not try to recover the spark plug gap in any way. plug by hand in order not to damage the thread. ◆ Tighten the spark plug by means of the spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving it half a turn to compress the washer. Spark plug driving torque: 20 Nm (2.0 kgm). aCAUTION The spark plug must be well tightened, otherwise the engine may overheat and be seriously damaged. aCAUTION Make sure that the cap (1) is correctly connected to the spark plug (2). Due to the vibrations of the engine, the incorrect position would cause the disconnection of the spark plug cap, with serious damage to the engine. ◆ Correctly insert the cap (1) in the spark plug (2), until you hear the click. NOTE Repeat the operations described on the second spark plug of the same cylinder and successively on both spark plugs of the other cylinder. ◆ Put back the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFT- ING THE FUEL TANK). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 89 2 3 2 NOTE This "!44%29 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Risk of fire. Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components. Never invert the connection of the battery cables. Connect and disconnect the battery with the ignition switch in position “1”, otherwise some components may be damaged. Connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–). Disconnect following the reverse order. 90 1 use and maintenance RST mille Futura vehicle is provided with a maintenance-free battery and no operation is necessary, excepting occasional checks and the recharge when required. If necessary, proceed as follows: ◆ Disconnect first the negative (–) and then the positive cable (+). ◆ Brush with a wire brush to eliminate any sign of corrosion. #(%#+).' !.$ #,%!.).' 4(% 4%2-).!,3 ◆ Reconnect first the positive (+) and then Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY). the battery with neutral grease or vaseline. ◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in po- sition “1”. ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Remove the red protection element (1). ◆ Make sure that the cable terminals (2) and the battery terminals (3) are: – in good conditions (and not corroded or covered with deposits); – covered with neutral grease or vaseline. the negative cable (–). ◆ Cover the terminals of the cables and of 1 6 2 9 8 4 3 7 5 2%-/6).' 4(% "!44%29 Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY). aCAUTION With the removal of the battery the digital clock and the partial kilometre odometer are set to zero. To set the clock again, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS). ◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in position “1”. ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1) on the negative terminal (–). ◆ Move the negative cable (2) sidewards. ◆ Remove the red protection element (3). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (4) on the positive terminal (+). ◆ Move the positive cable (5) sidewards. aCAUTION Do not force the electric cables. ◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Remove the start relay (6). ~Unscrew and remove the screw (7). ◆ Lift the bracket (8) that locks the battery. ◆ Grasp the battery (9) firmly and remove it from its compartment by lifting it. aWARNING Once it has been removed, the battery must be stored in a safe place and kept away from children. #(%#+).' 4(% %,%#42/,94% ,%6%, Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY). The vehicle is equipped with a maintenance-free battery, which does not require any check of the electrolyte level. ◆ Position the battery on a flat surface, in a cool and dry place. aWARNING Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 91 2%#(!2').' 4(% "!44%29 6 4 Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY). aCAUTION 1 2 Do not remove the battery plugs: without plugs the battery may be damaged. ◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOV- ING THE BATTERY). ◆ Prepare an appropriate battery charger. ◆ Set the charger for the desired type of re- charge (see table). ◆ Connect the battery with a battery charger. aWARNING During the recharging or the use, make sure that the room is properly ventilated and avoid inhaling the gases released during the recharging. ◆ Switch on the battery charger. Recharge Normal Quick Voltage (Amperes) 1.2 12 Time (hours) 8 - 10 0.5 aWARNING Reassemble the battery only 5/10 minutes after disconnecting the recharge apparatus, since the battery continues to produce gas for a short lapse of time. 92 use and maintenance RST mille Futura 7 3 5 ).34!,,).' 4(% "!44%29 aWARNING Carefully read p. 90 (BATTERY). Upon reassembly, connect first the positive cable (+) and then the negative cable (–). ◆ Make sure that the ignition switch is in position “1”. ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). NOTE The battery (1) must be positioned in its compartment with the terminals directed towards the rear part of the vehicle. ◆ Put the battery (1) in its compartment. ◆ Put back the bracket (2) that locks the battery. ~Screw and tighten the screw (3). ◆ Put back the start relay (4) in the correct position. ◆ Connect the positive terminal (+) by means of the screw (5). ◆ Connect the negative terminal (–) by means of the screw (6). ◆ Put back the red protection element (7). ◆ Put back the saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ,/.' ).!#4)6)49 /& 4(% "!44%29 aCAUTION If the vehicle remains unused for more than twenty days, disconnect the 30A fuses, in order to avoid the deterioration of the battery caused by the current consumption due to the multifunction computer. NOTE With the removal of the 30A fuses the functions of the digital clock are set to zero. To reset these functions, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS). If the vehicle remains unused for more than fifteen days, it is necessary to recharge the battery, in order to prevent its sulphation, see p. 92 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY). ◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOVING THE BATTERY) and put it in a cool and dry place. It is important to check the charge periodically (about once a month), during the winter or when the vehicle remains unused, in order to prevent the deterioration of the battery. ◆ Recharge it completely with a normal charge, see p. 92 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY). If the battery remains on the vehicle, disconnect the cables from the terminals. #(%#+).' 4(% 37)4#(%3 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). The vehicle is provided w ith four switches: 1) Stoplight switch on the rear brake control lever; 2) Stoplight switch on the front brake control lever; 3) Safety switch on the side stand; 4) Switch on the clutch control lever. ◆ Make sure that there are no dirt or mud deposits on the switch; the pin must be able to move without interferences, returning automatically to its initial position. ◆ Make sure that the cables are connected correctly. ◆ Check the spring (5): it must not be damaged, worn or weakened. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 93 #(!.').' 4(% &53%3 For the check, proceed as follows: Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). ◆ Turn the ignition switch to position “1”, aCAUTION Do not repair faulty fuses. Never use fuses different from the recommended ones. The use of unsuitable fuses may cause damages to the electric system or, in case of short circuit, even a fire. NOTE If a fuse blows frequently, there probably is a short circuit or an overload in the electric system. In this case it is advisable to consult an aprilia Official Dealer. If an electric component does not work or works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to start, it is necessary to check the fuses. Check first the 15A secondary fuses and then the 30A primary fuses. 94 use and maintenance RST mille Futura to avoid any accidental short circuit. ◆ Remove the fuse box cover, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER). ◆ Open the cover of the box (1) containing the secondary fuses. ◆ Extract the fuses one by one and check if the filament (2) is broken. ◆ Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the cause of the trouble, if possible. ◆ Replace the damaged fuse with a new one having the same amperage. NOTE If you use one of the spare fuses, put a new fuse in the proper seat. ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Carry out the operations previously de- scribed for the secondary fuses also for the main fuses. NOTE The removal of the 30A fuses requires the setting to zero of the following functions: digital clock. To reset these functions, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS). G F ARRANGEMENT OF THE 15A SECONDARY FUSES A) From voltage regulator to: headlight, dashboard. B) From voltage regulator to: fuel pump. C) From ignition switch to: parking lights, rear stoplights, horn, direction indicators. D) From ignition switch to: start, safety logic. E) From voltage regulator to: free ARRANGEMENT OF THE 30A MAIN FUSES F) From battery to: voltage regulator, fuse A, fuse B, fuse C. G) From battery to: ignition switch, fuse C, fuse D. NOTE One fuse is a spare fuse. NOTE Three fuses are spare fuses. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 95 (/2):/.4!, !$*534-%.4 /& 4(% (%!$,)'(4 "%!- NOTE To check the direction of the headlight beam, specific procedures must be adopted, in accordance with the regulations in force in the country where the vehicle is used. To adjust the headlight beam: ◆ Remove the left dashboard panel, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE DASHBOARD PANEL). ◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). 96 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ◆ Working on the rear left side of the front part of the fairing, adjust the appropriate knob (1). BY TURNING IT CLOCKWISE, you turn the beam to the left. BY TURNING IT ANTICLOCKWISE, you turn the beam to the right. After the adjustment: aWARNING Make sure that the vertical adjustment of the headlight beam is correct. !$*534).' 4(% 6%24)#!, (%!$,)'(4 "%!- NOTE To check the direction of the headlight beam, specific procedures must be adopted, in accordance with the regulations in force in the country where the vehicle is used. I To rapidly check the correct direction of the beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10 m away from a wall. Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle and make sure that the beam projected on the wall is slightly under the horizontal line of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total height). To adjust the headlight beam: ◆ Remove the right dashboard panel, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE DASHBOARD PANEL). ◆ Get on the vehicle in riding position, see p. 44 (GETTING ON AND OFF THE VEHICLE). ◆ Working on the rear right side of the front part of the fairing, adjust the appropriate knob (2). BY TURNING IT CLOCKWISE, you set the beam downwards. BY TURNING IT ANTICLOCKWISE, you set the beam upwards. After the adjustment: aWARNING Make sure that the vertical adjustment of the headlight beam is correct. $!3("/!2$ ,)'(4).' If you need assistance or technical advice, consult your aprilia Official Dealer, who can ensure you prompt and accurate servicing. "5,"3 Carefully read p. 58 (MAINTENANCE). aWARNING Risk of fire. Keep fuel and other flammable substances away from the electrical components. aCAUTION Before changing a bulb, move the ignition switch to position “1” and wait a few minutes, so that the bulb cools down. Change the bulb wearing clean gloves or using a clean and dry cloth. Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb, since these may cause its overheating and consequent breakage. If you touch the bulb with bare hands, remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in order to avoid any damage. DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC CABLES. NOTE Before changing a bulb, check the fuses, see p. 94 (CHANGING THE FUSES). use and maintenance RST mille Futura 97 #(!.').' 4(% (%!$,)'(4 "5,"3 To change, proceed as follows: Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS). beam bulbs it is necessary to remove the right and left dashboard panels. To remove the parking light it is necessary to remove the lower cover. The headlight contains: – two high beam bulbs (1) (side); – one parking light bulb (2) (lower). – one low beam bulb (3) (lower). The high beam and the low beam bulbs are equal to each other. If either of them is damaged and no spare bulb is available, it is possible to invert them. This operation is intended only to make it easier for the rider to go back home or to reach a shop where he can by a new bulb, but the replacement of the damaged bulb remains indispensable. 98 use and maintenance RST mille Futura NOTE To change the low beam and high HIGH BEAM BULBS NOTE Proceed on the side of the bulb to be changed. NOTE Extract the connectors one by one, in such a way as to avoid positioning them wrongly upon reassembly. If it is necessary to remove all the connectors at the same time, mark them and make sure that you position them correctly upon reassembly. ◆ Remove the dashboard panel, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE DASHBOARD PANEL). aCAUTION To extract the bulb electric connector, do not pull its electric wires. ◆ Grasp the electric connector of the bulb to be replaced (4), pull it and disconnect it from the bulb (1). ◆ Move the protection element (5) with your hands. ◆ Release the check spring (6) positioned at the rear of the bulb socket (7). ◆ Extract the bulb (1) from its seat and replace it with a new one of the same type. NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the relevant positioning seats coincide. PARKING LIGHT BULB ◆ Remove the lower cover of the front part of the fairing, see p. 79 (REMOVING THE LOWER COVER OF THE FRONT PART OF THE FAIRING). aCAUTION To extract the bulb socket, do not pull the electric wires. ◆ Grasp the parking light bulb socket (8), pull it and remove it from its seat. ◆ Withdraw the bulb (2) and replace it with one of the same type. LOW BEAM BULB NOTE Extract the connectors one by one, in such a way as to avoid positioning them wrongly upon reassembly. If it is necessary to remove all the connectors at the same time, mark them and make sure that you position them correctly upon reassembly. ◆ Remove the right dashboard panel, see p. 78 (REMOVING THE FUSE BOX COVER). ◆ Release the check spring (11) positioned at the rear of the bulb socket (12). ◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat and re- place it with a new one of the same type. NOTE Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the relevant positioning seats coincide. aCAUTION To extract the bulb electric connector, do not pull its electric wires. ◆ Grasp the bulb electric connector (9), pull it and disconnect it from the bulb (3). ◆ Move the protection element (10) with your hands. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 99 #(!.').' 4(% &2/.4 $)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3 Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS). ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1). aCAUTION While removing the protection screen, proceed carefully in order not to break the cog. ◆ Remove the protection screen (2). aCAUTION Upon reassembly, correctly position the protection screen in its seat. Tighten the screw (1) moderately and carefully, to avoid damaging the protection screen. ◆ Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it anticlockwise. ◆ Extract the bulb (3) from its seat. aCAUTION Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the socket. ◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same type. 100 use and maintenance RST mille Futura #(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 $)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3 For the removal of the rear direction indicator bulbs, see p. 100 (CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB). #(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 ,)'(4 "5," Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS). The rear light contains: – two parking light/stoplight bulb (4). – two rear direction indicator bulbs (5). 10 8 9 7 To change, proceed as follows: Before changing a bulb, check the efficiency of the stoplight switches, see p. 93 (CHECKING THE SWITCHES). aWARNING Wait until the exhaust silencer have completely cooled down. ◆ Remove the rider saddle, see p. 26 (UN- LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). ◆ Unscrew and remove the three screws (6). aCAUTION Handle with care. Do not force the electric cables. ◆ Partially remove the rear light (7). aWARNING Upon reassembly, make sure that the rear light cables are positioned correctly and that there is no contact with the exhaust silencer. PARKING LIGHT/STOPLIGHT BULB ◆ Unscrew and remove the two screws (8). ◆ Partially remove the bulb socket (9). ◆ Press the bulb (4) slightly and rotate it anticlockwise. ◆ Extract the bulb (4) from its seat. aCAUTION Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the socket. ◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same type. REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS NOTE Extract the bulb sockets one by one, in such a way as to avoid positioning them incorrectly during the reassembly. If it is necessary to remove all the bulb socket at the same time, mark them and make sure that you position them correctly upon reassembly. ◆ Rotate the bulb socket (10) anticlockwise. ◆ Press the bulb (5) slightly and rotate it anticlockwise. ◆ Extract the bulb (5) from its seat. aCAUTION Insert the bulb in the bulb socket, making the two bulb pins coincide with the relevant guides on the socket. ◆ Correctly install a new bulb of the same type. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 101 #(!.').' 4(% .5-"%2 0,!4% "5," Carefully read p. 97 (BULBS). To change, proceed as follows: ◆ Position the vehicle on the centre stand, see p. 56 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE STAND). ◆ Unscrew and remove the screw (1), taking the nut. ◆ Remove the light unit (2). 102 use and maintenance RST mille Futura aCAUTION Do not pull the electric wires to extract the bulb socket. ◆ Grasp the bulb socket (3), pull it and re- move it from its seat. ◆ Withdraw the bulb (4) and replace it with a new one of the same type. 42!.30/24 NOTE During transport, the vehicle must be kept in vertical position, it must be firmly anchored and the 1st gear must be engaged, in order to avoid any leak of fuel, oil, coolant. aCAUTION In case of failure, do not tow the vehicle, but ask for assistance. #,%!.).' Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in particular areas or conditions, such as: ◆ Polluted areas (cities and industrial areas). ◆ Areas characterized by an high percentage of salinity and humidity (sea areas, hot and humid climates). ◆ Particular conditions (use of salt and anti-ice chemical products on the roads during the winter). ◆ Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and polluting powders, tar spots, dead insects, bird droppings, etc. on the body. ◆ Avoid parking the vehicle under trees, since in some seasons residues, resins, fruits or leaves fall down, which contain substances that may damage the paint. aWARNING After the vehicle has been washed, its braking functions could be temporarily impaired because of the presence of water on the grip surfaces. Calculate long braking distances to avoid accidents. Brake repeatedly to restore normal conditions. Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 47 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS). To remove dirt and mud from the painted surfaces use a low- pressure water jet, carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud and filth with a soft car sponge impregnated with a lot of water and shampoo (2 – 4% parts of shampoo in water). Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with chamois leather. To clean the outer parts of the engine use a degreaser, brushes and wipers. After washing the vehicle, always: ◆ Lift the fuel tank, see p. 76 (LIFTING THE FUEL TANK) ◆ Remove the cap (1). ◆ Empty its content into a container and deliver it to a salvage centre. aCAUTION gent, rubbing the surfaces delicately and rinsing frequently with plenty of water. Polish with silicone wax only after having carefully washed the vehicle. Do not use polishing pastes on matt paints Do not wash the vehicle under the sun, especially during the summer, when the body is still warm, since if the shampoo dries before being rinsed away, it can damage the paint. Do not use liquids at a temperature exceeding 40°C to clean the plastic components of the vehicle. Do not direct high-pressure water or air jets or steam jets on to the following components: wheel hubs, controls on the right and left side of the handlebar, bearings, brake pumps, instruments and indicators, exhaust pipes, glove/tool kit compartment, ignition switch/steering lock, radiator wings, fuel cap, lights and electric connections. Do not use alcohol, petrol or solvents to clean the rubber and plastic parts and the saddle: use only water and mild soap. aWARNING Do not apply protection waxes onto the saddle, in order not to make it too slippery. To clean the lights, use a sponge soaked with water and a neutral deteruse and maintenance RST mille Futura 103 ◆ Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of plastic or waterproof materials. AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY ◆ Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p. ,/.' 0%2)/$3 /& ).!#4)6)49 aCAUTION If the vehicle remains unused for more than twenty days, disconnect the 30A fuses, in order to avoid the deterioration of the battery caused by the current consumption due to the multifunction computer. NOTE With the removal of the 30A fuses the functions of the digital clock are set to zero. To reset these functions, see p. 20 (SETTING BUTTONS). After a long period of inactivity of the vehicle some precautions are necessary to avoid any problem. Further, it is important to carry out the necessary repairs and a general check up before the period of inactivity, since you could forget to carry them out later. 104 use and maintenance RST mille Futura Proceed as follows: ◆ Remove the battery, see p. 91 (REMOV- ING THE BATTERY) and p. 93 (LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY). ◆ Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 103 (CLEANING). ◆ Polish the painted surfaces with wax. ◆ Inflate the tyres, see p. 40 (TYRES). ◆ Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-humid room, away from sunlight, with minimum temperature variations. ◆ Position and tie a plastic bag on the final pipe of the exhaust silencer, in order to prevent moisture from getting into it. NOTE Position the vehicle on the front support stand m, so that both tyres are raised from the ground. ◆ Position the vehicle on the appropriate front support stand, see p. 68 (POSIT I O N I N G T H E V EH I C L E O N T H E FRONT SUPPORT STAND m). 103 (CLEANING). ◆ Check the charge of the battery, see p. 92 (RECHARGING THE BATTERY) and install it, see p. 92 (INSTALLING THE BATTERY). ◆ Refill the fuel tank, see p. 28 (FUEL). ◆ Carry out the preliminary checking operations, see p. 4 7 ( P RE LIMIN AR Y CHECKING OPERATIONS). aWARNING Have a test ride at moderate speed in a low-traffic area. 4%#(.)#!, $!4! DIMENSIONS Max. length ............................................................ Max. width.............................................................. Max. height (front part of the fairing included) ....... Seat height............................................................. Distance between centres...................................... Min. ground clearance ........................................... Weight ready for starting........................................ 2170 mm 740 mm 1220 mm 830 mm 1435 mm 120 mm 235 kg ENGINE Model ..................................................................... V990 Type ....................................................................... 60° longitudinal V-type, two-cylinder, 4-stroke, with 4 valves per cylinder, DOHC. Number of cylinders ............................................... 2 Total displacement................................................. 997.62 cm# Bore/stroke............................................................. 97 mm/67.5 mm Compression ratio.................................................. 11.8 ± 0.5: 1 Starting................................................................... electric Engine idling rpm ................................................... 1250 ± 100 rpm Clutch..................................................................... multidisc in oil bath, with hydraulic control on the left side of the handlebar and PPC device Lubrication system ................................................. dry pan with separate oil tank and cooling radiator Air cleaner.............................................................. with dry filter cartridge Cooling................................................................... liquid-cooled TRANSMISSION Type ....................................................................... mechanical, 6 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine CAPACITY Fuel (reserve included) .......................................... Fuel reserve ........................................................... Engine oil ............................................................... Fork oil .................................................................. Coolant................................................................... Seats...................................................................... Vehicle max. load ................................................. 20.5 L 4±1L oil change 3700 cm# – oil and oil filter change 3900 cm# 553 ± 2.5 cm# (per rod) 2.5 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol) 2 182 kg (driver + passenger + luggage) use and maintenance RST mille Futura 105 GEAR RATIOS Ratio 1ª 2ª 3ª 4ª 5ª 6ª Primary 31/60 = 1: 1.935 Secondary 14/35 = 1: 2.50 16/28 = 1: 1.750 19/26 = 1: 1.368 22/24 = 1: 1.090 23/22 = 1: 0.956 27/23 = 1: 0.851 Final ratio 16 / 43 = 1: 2.687 Total ratio 13.00 9.102 7.117 5.674 4.975 4.431 DRIVE CHAIN Type ....................................................................... endless (with no connection link) with sealed links Model ..................................................................... 525 FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM Type ....................................................................... electronic injection (Multipoint) Choke..................................................................... Ø 51 mm FUEL SUPPLY Fuel ........................................................................ Unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95 (N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.) FRAME Type ....................................................................... two-beam frame with light alloy cast elements and extruded elements Steering inclination angle....................................... 26° Fore stroke............................................................. 97 mm SUSPENSIONS Front....................................................................... upside-down telescopic adjustable fork with hydraulic operation, rod Ø 43 mm Stroke..................................................................... 120 mm Rear ....................................................................... oscillating rear fork in light alloy with differentiated profile arms and hydropneumatic adjustable mono-shock absorber Wheel stroke .......................................................... 120 mm BRAKES Front....................................................................... WHEEL RIMS Type ....................................................................... in light alloy with withdrawable pin Front....................................................................... 3.50 x 17” Rear ....................................................................... 5.50 x 17” 106 with double floating disc – Ø 300 mm, calipers with four pins with differentiated diameter – Ø 30 mm – Ø 34 mm Rear ....................................................................... disc brake – Ø 255 mm, caliper with double pin – Ø 28 mm use and maintenance RST mille Futura ▲ = touristic use; 4 = sporty use TYRES Pressure kPa (bar) Wheel Make Type Size Recommended ▲ Solo rider Front (series) METZELER ME Z4 B 120/70ZR17” ▲ 250 (2.5) Rear (series) METZELER ME Z4 180/55ZR17” ▲ 290 (2.9) Front (series) MICHELIN PILOT SPORT 120/70ZR17” 4 250 (2.5) Rear (series) MICHELIN PILOT SPORT 180/55ZR17” 4 290 (2.9) Front (alternative) METZELER ME Z3 120/70ZR17” 4 250 (2.5) Rear (alternative) METZELER ME Z3 180/55ZR17” 4 290 (2.9) Front (alternative) PIRELLI MTR21A 120/70ZR17” ▲ 250 (2.5) Rear (alternative) PIRELLI MTR22 180/55ZR17” ▲ 280 (2.8) use and maintenance RST mille Futura 107 SPARK PLUGS Standard ................................................................ - Alternative ........................................................... Spark plug gap....................................................... Resistance ............................................................. NGK R DCPR9E NGK R DCPR8E 0.6 – 0.7 mm 5 kΩ Battery.................................................................... Main fuses.............................................................. Secondary fuses ................................................... Generator (with permanent magnet) ..................... 12 V – 12 Ah 30 A 15 A 12 V – 400 W BULBS Low beam (halogen) .............................................. High beam (halogen) ............................................. Front parking light .................................................. Direction indicators ................................................ Rear parking lights/Stoplight .................................. Number plate light.................................................. 12 V – 55 W H7 12 V – 55 W H7 12 V – 5 W 12 V – 10 W 12 V – 5 / 21 W 12 V – 5 W WARNING LIGHTS Neutral ................................................................... Direction indicators ................................................ Low fuel.................................................................. High beam.............................................................. Stand down ............................................................ Engine oil pressure ................................................ Diagnostics ............................................................ LED LED LED LED LED LED LED ELECTRIC SYSTEM 108 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ,5"2)#!.4 #(!24 0 Engine oil (recommended): EXTRA RAID 4, SAE 15W - 50 or TEC 4T SAE 15W - 50. As an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the CCMC G-4, A.P.I. SG specifications. Fork oil (recommended): 0 0 F.A. 5W or F.A. 20 W fork oil; an alternative FORK 5W or FORK 20W fork oil. If you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the F.A. 5W and FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below: 0 SAE 10W = SAE 15W = 0 F.A. 20 W or FORK 5W and 0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume or FORK 5W 67% of the volume + FORK 20W 33% of the volume. FORK 5W 33% of the volume + FORK 20W 67% of the volume. 0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume or 0 Bearings and other lubrication points (recommended): AUTOGREASE MP or GREASE 30. As an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30 °C…+140 °C, dripping point 150 °C…230 °C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation. Protection of the battery poles: neutral grease or vaseline. Spray grease for chains (recommended): 0 CHAIN SPRAY or CHAIN LUBE. aWARNING Brake fluid (recommended): 0 Use new brake fluid only. F.F., DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible) or BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible). aWARNING Clutch fluid (recommended): 0 Use new clutch fluid only. F.F., DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible) or BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (DOT 4 compatible). aWARNING Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35 °C at least. Engine coolant (recommended): 0 ECOBLU -40 °C or COOL. use and maintenance RST mille Futura 109 ./4% !3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9 110 use and maintenance RST mille Futura ./4% !3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9 use and maintenance RST mille Futura 111 )MPORTERS 112 use and maintenance RST mille Futura )MPORTERS use and maintenance RST mille Futura 113 7)2).' $)!'2!- 234 MILLE &UTURA 114 use and maintenance RST mille Futura 7)2).' $)!'2!- +%9 234 MILLE &UTURA 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) Multiple connectors Speed sensor High beam relay Low beam relay Horn Left dimmer switch Blinking Air thermistor (dashboard) Dashboard Coolant temperature thermistor (dashboard) Engine oil pressure switch Right dimmer switch Ignition switch Engine stop relay Fall sensor Fuel pump relay Rear right direction indicator Parking light bulb/rear stoplight Parking light bulb/rear stoplight Rear left direction indicator Rear light Rear stoplight switch Front stoplight switch Number plate bulb Diode module Clutch control lever switch Neutral gear switch Side stand switch Starter Start relay Battery Main fuses (30A) (ignition) TEST connectors 34) Secondary fuses (15A) A - headlight, dashboard B - fuel pump C - parking lights, rear stoplights, horn, direction indicators D - start, safety logic E - free 35) – 36) Pick up 37) Generator 38) Voltage regulator 39) Injection relay 40) – 41) Rear cylinder injector 42) Front cylinder injector 43) Cooling fans 44) Low fuel sensor 45) Fuel pump 46) Air thermistor (electronic unit) 47) Coolant temperature thermistor (electronic unit) 48) Throttle valve position sensor 49) Rear cylinder coil 50) Rear cylinder coil 51) Front cylinder coil 52) Front cylinder coil 53) Spark plugs 54) Automatic air 55) Electronic unit 56) Front left direction indicator 57) Front parking light bulb 58) Low beam bulb 59) High beam bulbs 60) High beam bulbs 61) 62) 63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71) 72) 73) Headlight Front right direction indicator Amber low fuel warning light LED Side stand down war warning light LED Neutral warning light LED Direction indicator warning light LED Engine oil pressure warning light LED High beam warning light LED Diagnostic warning light LED Revolution counter Multifunction display (right side) Multifunction display (left side) Diagnostic connection #!",% #/,/523 Ar Az B Bi G Gr Orange Light blue Blue White Yellow Grey M N R V Vi Ro Brown Black Red Green Violet Pink use and maintenance RST mille Futura 115 aprilia s.p.a.wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle: – Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the environment. – Do not keep the engine running if it isn’t necessary. – Avoid disturbing noises. – Respect nature. 116 use and maintenance RST mille Futura