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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - C929
Toys & Accessories - Lego - DUPLO Town - AROUND THE WORLD - 10805
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-savininko-vadovas-110446
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-del-propietario-110438
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110460
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-navod-k-obsluze-110433
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omistajan-kasikirja-110439
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110457
VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kullan-m-k-lavuzu-110458
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-prirocnik-za-lastnika-110456
Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts_5d8a7f921c3648a62136367
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuale-del-proprietario-110445
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuel-du-proprietaire-110440
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-agarmanual-110454
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.6L 2BL SOHC--31218102
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
Printers & Accessories - Xerox - WorkCentre Pro C2128~C2636~C3545
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Printers & Accessories - Epson - WorkForce 40
Summary of Content
OPERATOR’S MANUAL Do not remove this Operator’s Manual from this ATV according to the guidelines and agreement with the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. ! WARNING UNDER 16 Operating this ATV if you are under the age of 16 increases your chance of severe injury or death. NEVER operate this ATV if you are under 16. Read this manual carefully. It contains important safety information. 400 450 www.arcticcat.com Your ATV can be hazardous to operate. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and driving on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions. For your safety, it is important to understand and follow all of the warnings contained in this Operator’s Manual and the labels on your ATV prior to riding. Keep this Operator’s Manual with your ATV at all times. This Arctic Cat ATV Operator’s Manual should be considered a permanent part of the ATV and must remain with the ATV at the time of resale. If the ATV changes ownership more than once, contact Arctic Cat Inc., Service Department, P.O. Box 810, Thief River Falls, MN 56701, for proper registration information. Labels should be considered as permanent parts of the ATV. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Arctic Cat dealer for a replacement. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. For your safety, it is important all operators be properly trained to operate an ATV. Training is available: U.S. owners, call 800-887-2887; Canadian owners, call 613739-1535. Pour votre sécurité, il est importante que tout opérateur est formé correctement pour opérer un VTT. Un cours d’instruction est disponible: pour les propriétaires canadiens, composez le 613-739-1535. Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations: ! The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BE ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED. ! WARNING WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. CAUTION CAUTION, without the safety alert symbol, is used to address practices not related to personal injury.  NOTE: A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or more clear. California Proposition 65 ! WARNING This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. Foreword At the time of publication, all information and illustrations in this manual were technically correct. Some illustrations used in this manual are used for clarity purposes only and are not designed to depict actual conditions. Because Arctic Cat Inc. constantly refines and improves its products, no retroactive obligation is This Operator’s Manual is furnished to incurred. ensure that the operator is aware of safe operating procedures. It also includes Parts and information about the general care and Accessories maintenance of your ATV. Carefully read the following pages. If When in need of replacement parts, oil, you have any questions regarding this or accessories for your Arctic Cat ATV, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV, be sure to use only GENUINE ATV dealer for assistance. Remember, ARCTIC CAT PARTS, OIL, AND only authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealers ACCESSORIES. Only genuine Arctic have the knowledge and facilities to pro- Cat parts, oil, and accessories are engineered to meet the standards and vide you with the best service possible. requirements of your Arctic Cat ATV. For a complete list of accessories, refer Protect Your Sport to the current Arctic Cat ATV Acces• Know all local, state/provincial riding sory Catalog. laws, Congratulations and thank you from Arctic Cat Inc. for purchasing an ARCTIC CAT® All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV). Built with American engineering and manufacturing know-how, it is designed to provide superior ride, comfort, utility, and dependable service. • Respect your ATV, • Respect the environment, and • You will gain the respect of others. To aid in service and maintenance procedures on this ATV, a Service Manual and an Illustrated Parts Manual are available through your local Arctic Cat ATV dealer. We also advise you to strictly follow the recommended maintenance program as outlined. This preventive maintenance program is designed to ensure that all Arctic Cat and the ATV Safety Institute critical components on this ATV are thor- recommend that all ATV operators ride the appropriate-sized ATV according to oughly inspected at various intervals. All information in this manual is based age. on the latest product data and specificaSpeed tions available at the time of printing. Category Age Limitations NOTES (Years) Arctic Cat Inc. reserves the right to make (MPH) product changes and improvements Y-12+ 12 or 15 - Limited Operate which may affect illustrations or explanaOlder 30 - Maximum Under Adult tions without notice. Supervision Division II of this manual covers operator-related maintenance, operating instructions, and storage instructions. If major repair or service is ever required, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for professional service. T-14 14 or Older G&S 16 or Older 20 - Limited Operate 30 - Limited Under Adult 38 - Maximum Supervision According to Local Regulations — 1 Table of Contents Foreword................................................. 1 Parts and Accessories .......................... 1 DIVISION I - SAFETY ATV Safety Alert..................................... 4 Rider Training Course ........................... 5 Hangtags ................................................ 6 Warning Labels & Information.............. 7 Warnings ...........................................8-15 Prevention .......................................16-19 Safe Riding Clothing and Gear.............. 16 Condition of the ATV............................... 17 T-CLOC........................................... 17 First Aid and Survival.............................. 18 Active Riding........................................ 20 Sound Judgment ............................21-25 Environment............................................ 21 Those Around You.................................. 22 Equipment............................................... 23 Load Capacity Ratings........................... 24 Personal Choices.................................... 24 SIPDE............................................. 25 Supervision .......................................... 26 Taking Responsibility.............................. 26 Inexperienced Riders..................... 26 Experienced Riders ....................... 26 DIVISION II OPERATION/ MAINTENANCE ATV Specifications .............................. 27 Location of Parts and Controls ..........28 ATV Operation.................................29-39 Basic Operating Maneuvers................... 29 Starting the Engine ........................ 29 BONE-C ......................................... 29 Starting A Cold Engine (400) ........ 29 Starting A Cold Engine (450) ........ 30 How to Handle the ATV (Active Riding Techniques) .....................................31 Tips.......................................................... 37 General Information........................40-50 ATV Identification Numbers.................... 40 Ignition Switch Key.................................. 40 Control Locations and Functions........... 40 LCD Gauge (400)................................... 43 Primer - Cold Start (400)........................ 46 Gas/Vent Hoses...................................... 46 Carburetor Float Bowl Drain (400)......... 46 Electric Fuel Pump (450)........................ 47 Oil Level Stick.......................................... 47 Seat Latch............................................... 47 2 Safety Flag Bracket.................................48 Rack Loading (Front and Rear)..............48 Trailering and Towing ..............................48 Transporting ATV.....................................48 Gasoline-Oil-Lubricant............................49 Engine Break-In.......................................50 Burnishing Brake Pads ...........................50 General Maintenance ..................... 51-65 Maintenance Schedule...........................51 Oil Cooler (400).......................................52 Liquid Cooling System (450) ..................52 Shock Absorbers.....................................53 General Lubrication.................................53 Hydraulic Hand Brake.............................55 Brake Fluid......................................55 Brake Lever Lock............................55 Brake Hoses ...................................55 Brake Pads .....................................55 Rear Foot Brake......................................56 Protective Rubber Boots.........................56 Battery......................................................57 Spark Plug...............................................60 Engine Idle RPM Adjustment (400) .......60 Throttle Cable Adjustment......................61 Air Filter....................................................61 Air Filter Housing Drain...........................62 Draining V-Belt Cover..............................62 Tires .........................................................62 Wheels.....................................................63 Muffler/Spark Arrester.............................63 Light Bulb Replacement .........................63 Checking/Adjusting Headlight Aim.........64 Fuses .......................................................65 Tools.........................................................65 Preparation for Storage .......................66 Preparation after Storage ....................67 Limited Warranty..................................68 Warranty Procedure/Owner Responsibility...................................69 Arctic Cat Emission Control System Limited Warranty ..............................70 U.S. EPA Emission Control Statement/Warranty Coverage ATV (U.S. Only) ..........................71 Arctic Cat ATV Emission Control Warranty Statement .........................72 Change of Address, Ownership, or Warranty Transfer.............................73 Maintenance Record ............................75 Declaration Of Conformity ..................76 Identification Numbers Record.... Inside Back Cover DIVISION I - SAFETY An ATV is not a toy and can be hazardous to operate. • Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. • Never operate on excessively rough, slippery, or loose terrain. • Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at slow speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed. • Always have the ATV checked by an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer if it has been involved in an accident. • Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills. • Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. • Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle which would cause the ATV to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. • Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse. When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly. Avoid turning at sharp angles in reverse. • Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual. Avoid hills with slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning techniques described in this manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. • Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backward when climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Dismount on the uphill side or to either side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and mount following the procedure described in this manual. • Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual. • Always be careful of skidding or sliding. On slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. • Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than the footrests. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping capability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them lightly several times to let friction dry out the pads. • Always use the size and type tires specified in this manual. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual. • Never improperly install or improperly use accessories on this ATV. • Never install a twist grip throttle on this ATV. • Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer and allow greater distance for braking. • No one under the age of 16 should operate this ATV. Some operators at the age of 16 may not be able to operate an ATV safely. Parents should supervise the use of the ATV at all times. Parents should permit continued use only if they determine that the operator has the ability to operate the ATV safely. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the ATV Safety Institute at 1-800-887-2887 (U.S.) or 1-613-739-1535 (Canada). ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 3 ATV Safety Alert The Consumer Product Safety Commission has concluded that ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES (ATV’s) may present a risk of SERIOUS INJURY or DEATH in certain circumstances. Accidents may occur for many reasons: * Over 2342 people, including many children, have died in accidents associated with ATV’s since 2007. * Many people have become severely paralyzed or suffered serious internal injuries as a result of accidents associated with ATV’s. * Every month thousands of people are treated in hospital emergency rooms for injuries received while riding an ATV. You should be aware that AN ATV IS NOT A TOY AND CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. An ATV handles differently from other vehicles, including motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and driving on hills and over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions. TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH: * Always read the Operator’s Manual carefully and follow the operating procedures described. Pay special attention to the warnings contained in the manual and on all labels. * Never operate an ATV without proper instruction. Take a training course. Beginners should complete a training course. * Always follow these age recommendations: * Never carry a passenger on an ATV. Carrying a passenger may upset the balance of the ATV and may cause it to go out of control. * Always avoid paved surfaces. ATV’s are not designed to be used on paved surfaces and may seriously affect handling and control. * Never operate an ATV on a public road, even a dirt or gravel one, because you may not be able to avoid colliding with other vehicles. Also, operating an ATV on a public road may be against the law. * Never operate an ATV without an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket. * Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating an ATV. * Never operate an ATV at excessive speeds. Go at a speed which is proper for the terrain, visibility conditions, and your experience. * Never attempt to do wheelies, jumps, or other stunts. * Always be careful when operating an ATV, especially when approaching hills, turns, and obstacles and when operating on unfamiliar or rough terrain. * Never lend an ATV to anyone who has not taken a training course or has not been driving an ATV for at least a year. • A Y-12+ is intended for use by children age 12 or older, and a T-14 is intended for use by an operator age 14 or older. • A child under 16 years old should never operate an ATV without adult supervision. Children need to be observed carefully because not all children have the strength, size, skills, or judgment to operate an ATV safely. 4 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Rider Training Course Arctic Cat sponsors a free Rider Training Course to teach ATV riding skills or to reinforce current riding skills. First-time purchasers without any previous ATV riding experience will receive a $100.00 coupon from Arctic Cat through the SVIA/ASI after completing the training course (U.S. owners only, one incentive, and free rider training courses for appropriate immediate family members per ATV purchase). See an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for details or call (800) 887-2887 for training course information. In Canada, the Canada Safety Council (CSC) provides an ATV Rider’s Course to teach safe ATV operating skills. They also provide a special ATV Rider’s Course for children under 14 years of age with parental supervision. Call the CSC at 1-613-739-1535 ext. 227 for more details. Also available is a bilingual comMORE INFORMATION puter-based safety training program on a FOR CD-ROM from CATV - call toll-free at ABOUT ATV SAFETY, in the U.S., 1-877-470-2288. call the Consumer Product Safety Au canada, le conseil canadien de la sécurité (CSC) offre un cours de conduite de VTT pour enseigner les habiletés d’opération sécuritaires de VTT. Un cours spécial de conduite de VTT est également offert aux enfants de moins de 14 ans avec la surveillance d’un parent. Communiquez avec le CSC en composant le: 1-613-739-1535, poste 227 pour de plus amples informations. Un programme de formation bilingue informatisé sur la sécurité est aussi disponible sur disque optique compact par CATV; composez sans frais le: 1-877-470-2288. ! WARNING Commission at (800) 638-2772 or the ATV Distibutors’ Safety Hotline at (800) 852-5344 or in Canada, call the Canada Safety Council at 1-613-7391535 ext. 227. Visit the Arctic Cat Inc. website at www.arcticcat.com for additional product information. Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 5 Hangtags An Arctic Cat ATV comes with hangtags containing important safety information. Anyone who rides the ATV should read and understand this information before riding. (400) 2257-220 2258-133 Pour commander des Etiquettes de Mise en Garde gratuites, voyez votre détaillant de autorisé VTT Arctic Cat pour le numéro de pièce 2436-149. 6 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Warning Labels & Information An Arctic Cat ATV comes with several labels containing important safety information. Anyone who rides the ATV should read and understand this information before riding. The labels should be considered as permanent parts of the ATV. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Arctic Cat ATV dealer for a replacement.  NOTE: The location and content of labels on the ATV you have purchased may differ from those shown on this page. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 7 Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV without proper instruction. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different types of terrain. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the certified training course offered. They should then regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating techniques described in this Operator’s Manual. For more information about the training course, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887 (U.S.) or 1-613-739-1535 (Canada). ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Allowing anyone under age 16 to operate this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use of an ATV by children can lead to serious injury or death of the child. Children under the age of 16 may not have the skills, abilities, or judgment needed to operate the ATV safely and may be involved in a serious accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD A child under 16 should never operate this ATV. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Carrying a passenger on this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Greatly reduces your ability to balance and control this ATV. Could cause an accident, resulting in injury or death to you and/or your passenger. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never carry a passenger. The long seat is to allow the operator to shift positions as needed during operation. It is not for carrying passengers. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on paved surfaces. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV’s tires are designed for off-road use only, not for use on pavement. Paved surfaces may seriously affect handling and control of the ATV and may cause the ATV to go out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate the ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots, and streets. 8 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on public streets, roads, or highways. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can collide with another vehicle. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate this ATV on any public street, road, or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. In many states it is illegal to operate an ATV on public streets, roads, or highways. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV without wearing an approved helmet, eye protection, and protective clothing. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Operating without an approved helmet increases your chances of a serious head injury or death in the event of an accident. Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your chances of a serious injury in the event of an accident. Operating without protective clothing increases your chances of serious injury in the event of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HMAZARD Always wear an approved helmet that fits properly. You should also wear: Eye protection (goggles or face shield) Gloves Boots Long sleeved shirt or jacket Long pants ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Going down a hill improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in this Operator’s Manual. Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the ATV to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 9 Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV after or while consuming alcohol or drugs. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could seriously affect your judgment. Could cause you to react more slowly. Could affect your balance and perception. Could result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while driving this ATV. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV at excessive speeds. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases your chances or losing control of the ATV, which can result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always ride at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other stunts. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the chance of an accident including a rollover. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies or jumps. Don’t try to show off. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to inspect the ATV before operating. Failure to properly maintain the ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this Operator’s Manual. 10 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Removing hands from handlebars or feet from footrests during operation. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV or could cause you to lose your balance and fall off the ATV. If you remove a foot from a footrest, your foot or leg may come into contact with the wheels, which could injure you or cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footrests of your ATV during operation. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating the ATV on unfamiliar terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can come upon hidden rocks, bumps, or holes without enough time to react. Could result in the ATV overturning or going out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating on rough, slippery, or loose terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of traction or ATV control, which could result in an accident including a rollover. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not operate on rough, slippery, or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Turning improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or rollover. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this Operator’s Manual. Practice turning at slow speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 11 Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating on steep hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV can overturn more easily on steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Overloading the ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause changes in ATV handling, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never exceed the stated load capacity for the ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. Always follow the instructions in this Operator’s Manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique as described in this Operator’s Manual. Practice first on level ground. Be very careful when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill, if possible. When crossing the side of a hill: Always follow proper procedures as described in this Operator’s Manual. Avoid hills with slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly operating in reverse. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Before you engage reverse gear, make sure there are no obstacles or people behind you. When it is safe to proceed, go slowly. 12 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Climbing hills improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this Operator’s Manual. Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. The ATV could flip over backwards. Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the hill. NEVER OPERATE UP OR DOWN HILLS STEEPER THAN 25° ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Stalling, rolling backwards, or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could result in the ATV overturning. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Use proper gear and maintain steady speed when climbing a hill. If you lose all forward speed: Keep weight uphill. Apply the brakes. Engage the brake lever lock after you are stopped. If you begin rolling backwards: Keep weight uphill. Apply the brakes while rolling backwards. When fully stopped, engage the brake lever lock. Dismount on uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and mount following the procedure described in this Operator’s Manual. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 13 Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly operating over obstacles. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles. Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described in this Operator’s Manual. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Skidding or sliding. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You may lose control of the ATV. You may also regain traction unexpectedly, which may cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at slow speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating the ATV through deep or fast flowing water. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate the ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than the footrests. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping capability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to dry out the pads. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating the ATV with improper tires or with improper or uneven tire pressure. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use of improper tires on the ATV, or operation of the ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control increasing your risk of accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always use the size and type tires specified in this Operator’s Manual for this ATV. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this Operator’s Manual. 14 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Warnings ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating the ATV with improper modifications. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Improper installation of accessories or modification of the ATV may cause changes in handling which, in some situations, could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never modify the ATV through improper installation or improper use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this ATV should be genuine Arctic Cat ATV components designed for use on the ATV and should be installed and used according to instructions. Never install a twist grip throttle. If you have questions, consult an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to release the brake lever lock before driving the ATV WHAT CAN HAPPEN Driving the ATV with the brake lever lock engaged could cause a change in handling or loss of brakes and cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always release the brake lever lock before driving the ATV. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 15 Prevention Overview Gloves When using an ATV, prevention is the name of the game. “Had you only known” something could go wrong, you would have prevented it. If you don’t notice your conditions and surroundings before riding your ATV, you give up control over the situation. Using ATV prevention techniques helps you forecast potential hazards before they injure you or damage your ATV. Your hands are targets for flying objects and branches. Along with providing skin protection, gloves will shield your hands from harsh weather. Wear gloves that are weather resistant and have a gripping surface to keep them from sliding off the handlebar. Offroad style gloves with knuckle pads are the best for comfort and protection. Following the safety instructions and warnings in this manual will help you “P.A.S.S.” the safety test. P.A.S.S. stands for “Prevention,” “Active Riding,” “Sound Judgment,” and “Supervision.” Remembering P.A.S.S. and what it stands for will help you have a safe, predictable ride every time you go out on your ATV. Safe Riding Clothing and Gear Always wear clothing suited to the type of riding you are doing. ATV riding requires special protective clothing which will make you feel more comfortable and reduce chances of injury. You’ll find it important to dress correctly for ATV riding in order to prevent scraped skin and serious head injuries. It’s easy and could save you time in the long run not having to contend with an injury. Of course, it also makes sense to remember the seasons. Wear a hat under your helmet and a snowmobile suit in the winter and lighter, protective clothing in the summer. Following is the minimum protection you need to wear during every ride. Boots/Ankle Protection Wear a boot that covers the largest possible area of your leg (preferably up to your knee) and can handle significant impact. Choosing boots with low heels and a good tread will help prevent your feet from slipping off the footrests in wet or rugged conditions or getting hurt if they get hit by rocks, dirt, or branches. Helmet Your helmet is the most important piece of protective gear for safe riding. A helmet can prevent a serious head injury. There are several types of helmets on the market, but make sure you wear a helmet that complies with the current standards of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), The Snell Memorial Foundation, or the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Helmets that comply with one or more of these agency’s standards have a sticker on the inside or outside of the helmet. TESTIMONIAL DOCUMENT#: N490117A1 CITY/STATE: N. HUNTINGDON, PA SEX: M AGE: 6 BODY PART: HEAD DATE ACCIDENT: 06-14-94 DISPOSITION: DOA SYNOPSIS: The 6 year old male victim died from blunt force trauma to the head when the 4-wheel ATV on which he was a passenger struck a rock on a hill connecting two roads and flipped over backwards onto the victim, shattering his bicycle helmet. The victim was life-flighted to the hospital and died that night. The driver of the ATV, the victim’s 29 year old father, sustained minor injuries, but wasn’t treated. Helmets should have one of these: ATV-0004 16 ! WARNING 1. DOT label 2. Snell label 3. ANSI Z90.1 label Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Prevention Eye Protection Wear eye protection, such as goggles, to completely surround your eyes to prevent getting dirt or other items in your eyes. Do not depend on sunglasses for proper eye protection. Sunglasses are not recommended; they don’t prevent objects from flying in through the sides. These helmets should provide full-face Long Pants and Long protection. If you drop or damage your helmet, get a new one immediately. Your helmet may not protect your head from injury if it has cracks, fissures, or other damage to its outside or core padding. Sleeved Shirt The goal is to protect your body from branches, long grass, airborne objects, or anything else that could scrape your skin. The more thick and durable the material, the better protection it’ll provide. Riding Remember, your helmet won’t do you pants with kneepads, a jersey, and shoulder pads provide the best protection. any good if the chin strap isn’t fastened. Condition of the ATV The second step in Prevention is checking the condition of your ATV. Chances are good that you’ll be using your ATV in some rough terrain, and there’s no way you want your brakes to go out when riding downhill. You need to check the following parts on your ATV before every ride. 4. Oil and Fuel 1. Tires and Wheels 2. Controls and Cables 5. Chassis 3. Lights and Electric 6. Miscellaneous Items One easy way to remember what parts you need to check is by using the acronym “T-CLOC.” It stands for: T C L O C TIRES AND WHEELS CONTROLS AND CABLES LIGHTS AND ELECTRIC OIL AND FUEL CHASSIS 1. TIRES AND WHEELS 2. CONTROLS AND Correct tire pressure is crucial. Consult the CABLES Specifications section of this Operator’s With the engine running and brake Manual for tire pressure guidelines. Incor- applied, check all transmission posirect tire pressure can cause poor handling, tions: forward, neutral, and reverse. instability, and a loss of ATV control. Check: Check: 1. Tire pressure 2. Tire surface (tread and sidewalls) 1. Forward 2. Neutral 3. Reverse While checking the tire pressure, inspect the tread and sidewalls of the tires for cracks, cuts, or other damage that could indicate they need to be replaced. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 17 Prevention A. Brakes Squeeze the hand brake lever. If it feels soft or “squishy,” it could be low on fluid or have a leak — refer to the General Maintenance section of this Operator’s Manual for instructions. Don’t use the ATV until the brakes are operating normally. 4. OIL AND FUEL Start with a full tank of gas before every ride, and while you’re at it, top off the oil. Don’t forget to check for fluid leaks around the ATV. Watch the overheat indicator to ensure the engine coolant level is adequate. Test the brake lever lock and see if it Check: 1. Gas locks the hand brake lever into position; 2. Oil then disengage it to release the brake. Be sure the rear foot brake near the footrest 3. Fluid leaks is working; your brakes could fail during 5. CHASSIS a ride if they’re not maintained. Grass and leaves can gum-up your susCheck: pension and shocks. Clear and clean the 1. Hand brake lever suspension arms, shock springs, and 2. Rear foot brake fenders. Check smoothness by turning 3. Brake lever lock the handlebar full-left and full-right. Check that there is no binding, restricB. Throttle tions, free-play, or looseness in steering The throttle should have a free, smooth components. range of motion. If it seems to “stick” at any point, refer to the General Mainte- Check: 1. Suspension arms nance section of this Operator’s Manual 2. Shock springs for instructions. Driving your ATV with a sticking throttle can turn your leisurely 3. Fenders ride into an unwelcome accident. Don’t 4. Steering drive your ATV if the throttle sticks. Check: 1. Free, smooth range of motion 6. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS Inspect your air filter. Look for debris or damage that may indicate you need to replace it. A clogged filter can stop an engine. Check your battery terminals for Turn the hi-beam and lo-beam on and off corrosion. Also, be sure to tighten any to make sure they work. At the same loose parts, nuts, or bolts. time, check that the taillight and brakelight work. Also, check the status/warn- Check: 1. Air filter ing indicators (reverse, neutral, and hi-lo 2. Battery beam) on the handlebars when you start the ATV. Don’t drive the ATV unless all 3. Tighten parts, nuts, and bolts systems are working. Check the ignition switch and engine stop switch. 3. LIGHTS AND ELECTRIC First Aid and Survival Check: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 18 Hi-beam Lo-beam Taillight/brakelight Status/warning indicators Ignition switch Engine stop switch ! WARNING You need to prepare for the unexpected. Emergencies and accidents are traumatic enough, but they’re even worse when you’re not prepared for them. At the minimum during every ATV ride, you should have the following items on board: Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Prevention • • • • Identification Tools Water Identification First Aid Kit If something does happen to you, the emergency personnel will want to know For rides that are longer in duration and who you are and whom to contact. It’s distance, the following additional items possible you may be in no condition to give them that information. Put your I.D. are recommended: in your pocket before you ride. Without • Cellular Phone it, you’re anonymous. • Maps/GPS • Emergency Kit with Flashlight and First Aid Kit Tools Routine maintenance will generally eliminate the need for emergency repairs. Riding on rough terrain could cause loosening of nuts, bolts, and fasteners. Especially on long rides, carrying the right tools can prevent an inconvenience from becoming a crisis. Carry these items on your ATV: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Bulbs Duct tape Rope Spark plugs Spare parts Tool Kit Water Water is so important that you need to carry it regardless of the duration of your ride. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke can creep up suddenly and can take you out of commission. If you become dehydrated, you could find yourself physically unable to safely operate your ATV. ! WARNING Cellular Phone It may be necessary to make an urgent phone call. Maps/GPS (Global Positioning System) Maps may be unnecessary when you’re familiar with the area. But when you’re riding on unfamiliar trails, it’s good to know where you are, what’s coming up, and how to get back. Emergency Kit with Flashlight and First Aid Kit You’ll need several items in your Emergency Kit including a flashlight. The matches will come in handy if you need to start a fire to stay warm. Flares are appropriate for signaling help. A first aid kit is very important if an injury of some type should happen. A good First Aid Kit should include bandages, antiseptic spray, gauze, tape, etc. Carry these items: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Flashlight Matches Flares First Aid Kit Money Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 19 Active Riding Overview “Active Riding” is the second part of “P.A.S.S.” It involves an understanding of how your body weight, balance, gravity, and physical forces affect the handling of the ATV. For example, when you drive a car quickly into a sharp turn, your body is pulled to the outside of the vehicle by centrifugal force. Although a car is relatively stable, enough centrifugal force can cause an ATV to overturn. Constantly shifting your weight is one major difference between driving a car and riding an ATV. Knowing how to shift your weight is necessary to avoid rolling or flipping the ATV. For complete operating instructions, see ATV OPERATION section in this manual. 20 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Sound Judgment Overview You are not invincible. Knowing that the first “S” in “P.A.S.S.” stands for “Sound Judgment” means you need to use yours. Do you consider yourself to be pretty conservative, or are you a heavy risktaker? Before continuing with this section on sound judgment, check your Risk Factor by doing this short survey: 1. Do you drive over the speed limit? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often 2. Are you more daring around your friends than you are when alone? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often 3. Do you drive your car when the gas gauge is on empty? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often 4. Do you feel that no matter what you do, you won’t get hurt? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often 9. Do you tailgate other drivers when you think they’re driving too slow? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often 10. Do you ignore weather reports before you do outside activities like swimming, camping, fishing, or boating? 1 2 3 Never Sometimes Often Add the totals from lines 1-10. YOUR RISK FACTOR IS: 10-15: You’re pretty conservative. Chances are good that the consistently safe choices you make will help you avoid hurting yourself and the people around you. 16-20: You’re straddling the fence. Depending on your mood or whom you’re with, the choices you make may help you or hurt you. 21-30: You’re taking your chances. Time to reconsider a lot of the judgments you make. You’re destined to put yourself in dangerous situations and potentially hurt yourself and the people around you. 5. Do you drink or use drugs before you drive your car? Environment 1 2 3 The environment you operate an ATV in Never Sometimes Often is often harsh and sometimes dangerous 6. Do you drive your car even if it has if you don’t take proper precautions. a major problem with the brakes, Weather tires, or engine? You need to consider the weather. It is 1 2 3 dangerous to ride your ATV when the Never Sometimes Often weather is bad or potentially bad. Keep 7. Do you thrive on the adrenaline abreast with weather forecasts. rush you get from speeding and Terrain dangerous situations? Always pay close attention to the terrain 1 2 3 you’re on, even if it is familiar to you. Never Sometimes Often You can’t assume that the landscape 8. Do you hurt yourself because you you’re used to doesn’t change. Changes do things that are out of your ability to landscape can happen at nearly any time. Fences can be constructed and range? excavations dug in a short period of time. 1 2 3 Weather, climate, and development take Never Sometimes Often their toll. ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 21 Sound Judgment The thing about terrain is that sometimes you don’t know it’s changed until you get there. Whether it’s familiar or not, check out your surroundings before and during your ride. Trail Signs Night Riding Riding at night can be very hazardous. Obstacles and other hazards (that are easily identified during daytime) are much more difficult to see and avoid. When night riding, make sure the lights are properly adjusted and in good working order. Reduce speed; do not over-drive the headlights. Never travel in an unfamiliar area or blaze a new trail at night. Always carry a flashlight or flare for signaling an emergency. Paved Surfaces Try to avoid it. The ATV isn’t designed for pavement. Its handling becomes more difficult on paved surfaces. Trail Riding Use sound judgment when trail riding; that means riding on a trail that fits your ability level. If the trail is pretty rugged, standing up on your footrests will make it easier for you to endure the rough terrain. Make yourself visible by using headlights and taillights, and pull completely off the trail if you need to stop. Outsloped trails (trails that slant to allow rain to run off) make trail riding a bit more challenging. Keep your weight shifted into the slope. It also helps to know which trails you can legally ride and who else might be on those same trails. These are signs currently used in some areas to designate trail types and restrictions. ATV-0068 Those Around You People do all kinds of things that you can’t predict or control. Riding Companions Leave a lot of space between you and other riders, especially in dusty and dirty conditions, because it’ll be difficult to see the riders in front of you stopping. Do not carry a passenger on any ATV designed for single-rider use. These ATV’s do not have appropriate equipment (hand-holds, footrests, etc) to accommodate riders. Additionally, the added weight and weight shift can make the vehicle difficult to control. 22 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Sound Judgment Other Vehicles ATV Maintenance Depending on where you’re riding, you might encounter other ATV’s, bikes, or motor vehicles on public lands. Respect the presence of cars if you’re crossing roads or riding in public areas and make yourself be seen. If you can’t see other vehicles coming, that means you’re invisible, too. You have to maintain your ATV. The General Maintenance section of this Operator’s Manual tells you about taking care of your ATV. If, at any time, abnormal noises, vibrations, or improper functioning of any component of this ATV is detected, DO NOT OPERATE THE ATV. Take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for inspection and adjustment or repair. Hikers With the renewed interest in hiking, camping, and other outdoor activities, people can show up in remote areas where you would never expect them. For their sake, keep your eyes open. Animals and Nature Respect the outdoors that you love. Don’t use your ATV to chase animals or birds. Drive around young trees rather than over them. Keep clear of streams and ditches with standing water. TESTIMONIAL DOCUMENT#: N380310A1 CITY/STATE: NEW CUMBERLAND, WV SEX: M AGE: 18 BODY PART: HEAD DATE ACCIDENT: 7-30-93 DISPOSITION: DOA SYNOPSIS: An 18 year old male died as the result of injuries which he sustained in an accident while driving a 4-wheel ATV on a gravel public road. The victim lost control of the ATV when he suddenly applied the brakes to avoid a dog crossing the road. During the accident, the ATV’s brake lever penetrated the victim’s brain through his right eye resulting in death. The victim was not wearing a helmet. Cargo Limitations One reason why passengers are prohibited on ATV’s is because their presence throws off the weight and balance of the ATV. Cargo can do the same if it weighs too much. Limit the ATV to the load capacity ratings identified in the following chart for the particular model being operated. So if you’re weighing in at over 200 lb (91 kg) when you ride, leave some of that extra cargo at home. The combined weight limit, including you, your rack cargo, and your trailer, is a specified amount, so consult the ATV Load Capacity Ratings chart and monitor it carefully. Extra weight on the ATV will also throw you off balance if it’s not distributed evenly, side-to-side and front-to-rear. If you have 150 lb (68 kg) on the rear rack only and you’re heading up an incline, shifting your own weight forward isn’t going to do enough to compensate for that cargo sitting over the back tires. Cargo has such a huge affect on ATV handling that you need to pay a lot of attention to your speed. Even on really level areas, you should keep it under 10 Tread Lightly and leave it as you found mph (16 kph) if you’ve got a trailer attached. Avoid uneven terrain. Also, it. consider that your braking distance is Equipment going to increase with the more weight you carry. The last thing you expected was that your ATV would break down in the middle of Think about these when dealing the field... it’s usually so reliable that with cargo: 1. Rack weight limit sometimes you forget the ATV has its limits. 2. Trailer weight limit 3. Weight distribution 4. ATV speed ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 23 Sound Judgment Load Capacity Ratings Arctic Cat ATV Load Capacity Ratings Item Specifications ! WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD (lb) (kg) Overloading the ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. Vehicle Load Capacity 450 204 WHAT CAN HAPPEN Front Rack (max) 75 34 Could cause changes in ATV handling, which could lead to an accident. Rear Rack (max) 150 68 Tongue Weight 35 16 Rear Rack and Tongue Weight (max) 150 68 Towing Capacity 1050 477 HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Vehicle Load Capacity - Total weight of operator, accessories, tongue weight, and cargo on front and rear racks. Tongue Weight - Weight on trailer tongue. Rear Rack and Tongue Weight - Total weight on trailer tongue and rear rack. Towing Capacity - Total weight of trailer and all cargo in the trailer.  NOTE: Tongue and accessory weight (winch, etc.) must be included as part of the front and rear rack weights.  NOTE: Use extra caution when operating an ATV with additional loads such as accessories and/or cargo. Handling of the ATV may be adversely affected. Reduce speed when adding additional loads. Never exceed the stated load capacity for the ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. Always follow the instructions in this Operator’s Manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Personal Choices A safe, enjoyable ride is dependent on many personal choices. An ATV, like all motorized vehicles, can be dangerous to operate if you choose to ignore safety precautions, take unnecessary chances, or ride beyond your ability or your machine’s capability. Don’t allow the thrill of freedom or adventure to affect your ability to make good, safe choices. Alcohol and Drug Consumption It’s extremely dangerous and often illegal to drink alcoholic beverages and ride... it’s also very foolish. Substances to avoid when riding: 1. Alcohol 2. Over-the-counter or prescription drugs 24 ! WARNING Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. Sound Judgment Be aware of prescription and over-thecounter medications. Drowsiness and impaired judgment can be caused by a wide variety of medications. The same is true of allergy, cold, flu, and headache medications. Your physical size and weight can’t protect you... just one antihistamine tablet can affect your judgment. Reckless Riding 1-2 DRINKS Group Behavior Where excessive or high speed is a factor, the potential for personal injury is greatly increased. Ride within reason and your skill level. Avoid maneuvers that are reckless. Don’t show off. Laws and Regulations Any police officer will tell you that ignoDon’t use alcohol or drugs before or dur- rance of the law is no defense. Your best ing your ATV ride. defense is to check out your local, state, or provincial ATV laws before riding. THE EFFECTS OF It’ll also make sure that you can continue to ride in your favorite areas. The quickALCOHOL* est way to have a land area closed is by The Number of Drinks that Impair riding over the regulations. Mental and Physical Abilities Mental processes such as restraint, awareness, concentration, and judgment affected; reaction time slowed; inability to perform complicated tasks. 3-4 DRINKS Depth perception, glare recovery, eye movement, and focus affected; decreased judgment and control. 5+ DRINKS When riding in a group, it is human nature to try to keep up with or out-do those around you. We can all be competitive and that can lead to risk taking resulting in serious injury or equipment damage. Know your limitations and don't be afraid to slow the pace down. SIPDE By themselves, none of these safe behaviors and sound judgments will go very far. But when you put them all together... when you’re paying attention to how you *According to the ATV Safety Institute. feel, when you’re monitoring the moveYour Physical Condition ments of your ATV, and when you’re constantly evaluating your environment, Your physical condition is critical to safe then you’re practicing SIPDE. SIPDE is ATV operation. Don’t ride when an acronym that stands for: extremely tired and consider your health when planning longer rides. Coordination deteriorates, loss of critical judgment, and impaired memory and comprehension. Don’t ride: 1. When you’re tired S I P SCAN/ SEARCH IDENTIFY HAZARDS PREDICT WHAT WILL HAPPEN ! WARNING D E DECIDE WHAT EXECUTE THE TO DO DECISION Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. 25 Supervision Overview You’re responsible for supervising those who ride your ATV. Your wisdom is valuable... it’ll bring them all back safely— your friends, your family, your relatives, and your ATV. It’s crucial that you consider yourself a supervisor for all riders of your ATV. Whether you accept responsibility or not, the truth is that you are responsible for others riding your ATV. Taking Responsibility You’re to the last letter in “PASS”... “Supervision.” You’ve just gone through the manual, and you’ve seen what’s involved. That puts you in a good position to be confident about what you know. So now it’s time to use your knowledge and supervise others who ride your ATV. Inexperienced/ Untrained Riders You can’t let people ride your ATV who don’t know what they’re doing. Unless they’ve had over a year of experience with ATV riding or taken an ATV training course, it’s your responsibility to keep them off your ATV. It can be dangerous (especially for underaged children) — all the more reason for you to be firm. DOCUMENT#: N37023A1 CITY/STATE: MOOERSFORKS, NY SEX: F AGE: 5 BODY PART: UPPER TRUNK DATE ACCIDENT: 6-29-93 DISPOSITION: DOA SYNOPSIS: The victim of this ATV’s are all a little different from the handling to the stability to the controls. So regardless of how much experience your family members have with ATV’s, they don’t have experience with your ATV. Let experienced riders get familiar with your ATV—show them the basics before they take off. You don’t want it on your conscience that someone got hurt because you didn’t tell them how to use your ATV. Remember that regardless of experience, you should never let anyone under the age of 16 operate your ATV. Arctic Cat and the ATV Safety Institute recommend that all ATV operators ride the appropriate-sized ATV according to age. Y-12+ incident, a five year old female, was operating a four wheeled all terrain vehicle (ATV) in the front yard of her parents’ house, under the supervision of her father. The victim drove the ATV down an area where the only way to turn around was around a grain silo. The victim was executing a right hand turn when the vehicle tipped over to the right and fell onto her body. The victim was transported to a local hospital where she was pronounced dead on arrival. Photographs of the incident were not taken by law enforcement officials. ! WARNING If anyone is going to borrow your ATV, you are responsible for their supervision. Before they ride, have them take the training course, have them watch the safety video, and have them read the Operator’s Manual. You train them. It doesn’t matter how you do it, as long as you do it. Category TESTIMONIAL 26 Experienced/Trained Riders Speed Age Limitations (Years) (MPH) NOTES 12 or 15 - Limited Operate Older 30 - Maximum Under Adult Supervision T-14 14 or Older G&S 16 or Older 20 - Limited Operate 30 - Limited Under Adult 38 - Maximum Supervision According to Local Regulations — Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. DIVISION II - OPERATION/ MAINTENANCE ATV Specifications ENGINE 400 450 Type Four-Cycle/Oil Cooled Four-Cycle/Liquid Cooled Bore x Stroke 81 mm x 71.2 mm (3.19 x 2.80 89 mm x 71.12 mm (3.5 x in.) 2.8 in.) Displacement 366 cc (22.33 cu in.) 442 cc (27 cu in.) Spark Plug Type NGK CPR8E NGK CR7E Spark Plug Gap 0.5-0.6 mm (0.019-0.024 in.) 0.7-0.8 mm (0.028-0.031 in.) Brake Type Hydraulic w/Brake Lever Lock and Rear Foot Brake CHASSIS Length (Overall) 211.6 cm (83.3 in.) Height (Overall) 116.8 cm (46.0 in.) Width (Overall) 111.7 cm (44.0 in.) Suspension Travel (Front/Rear) 17.7 cm (7.0 in.) 117.6 cm (46.3 in.) Tire Size (Front) 24 x 8-12 25 x 8-12 Tire Size (Rear) 24 x 10-12 25 x 10-12 Tire Inflation Pressure 27.6 kPa (4.0 psi) MISCELLANY Dry Weight (Approx) 265.4 kg (585 lb) Gas Tank Capacity (Rated) 15.1 L (4.0 U.S. gal.) Differential Capacity 275 ml (9.3 fl oz) Coolant Capacity N/A Rear Drive Capacity 250 ml (8.5 fl oz) Engine Oil Capacity (Approx) 2.8 L (3.0 U.S. qt) Gasoline (Recommended) 87 Octane Regular Unleaded 276.7 kg (610 lb) 2.9 L (3.0 U.S. qt) Engine Oil (Recommended) Arctic Cat ACX All Weather (Synthetic) Differential/Rear Drive Lubricant SAE Approved 80W-90 Hypoid Taillight/Brakelight 12V/5W/21W Headlight 12V/35W (4) Starting System Electric Specifications subject to change without notice. 27 Location of Parts and Controls 6 1. Battery 13 4 17 2. Headlights 15 5 1 3. Hand Brake Lever 2 21 4. Power Distribution Module 5. Electrical Access Panel 6. Seat Latch 7. Storage Compartment 9 KC344C 8. Reverse Override Switch 9. Rear Foot Brake 10. Brake Lever Lock 11. Key Switch 12. Shift Lever 13. Throttle Limiter 14. Throttle Lever 15. DC Power Outlet KC354B 16. Taillight/Brakelight 17. Operator’s Manual Location 18. Headlight HI/LO Switch 19. Starter Button 20. Engine Stop Switch 21. Gas Tank Valve (400) 22. Drive Select Switch  NOTE: The ATV you have pur- KC353C 28 chased may differ slightly from those shown in the figures of this manual. ATV Operation Starting the Engine Basic Operating Maneuvers Always start with the ATV on a flat, level surface. Carbon monoxide poisoning can Active riding and basic maneuvers are kill you, so keep your ATV outside while the foundation of your ATV ride. Without it’s running. Follow these steps to start it basic skills, it’s impossible to move to up: this level— active riding. These are your 1. Mount the ATV and sit down. basic maneuvers: 2. Engage the brake lever lock. • Mounting the ATV • • • • • • Starting the Engine Starting a Cold Engine Braking/Stopping Shifting Parking Dismounting the ATV 3. Turn on the ignition. 4. Shift into neutral. 5. Move the engine stop switch to RUN. Mounting the ATV 6. Press the starter button. 1. From the left side, grab the left-side handlebar, apply the brake, and put your left foot on the footrest. 2. Grab the right-side handlebar. 3. Swing your leg over the seat and set your right foot down on the rightside footrest. 4. Get seated in a comfortable position. CAUTION Do not run the starter motor for more than eight seconds per starting attempt. The starter motor may overheat causing severe starter motor damage. Allow 15 seconds between starting attempts to allow the starter motor to cool. 5. Always keep your feet planted on the footrests. 7. Let the engine warm up. Another way to remember the starting procedure is by using the acronym “BONEC.” It stands for: B O N E C BRAKES LOCKED IGNITION SWITCH ON NEUTRAL TRANSMISSION ENGINE SWITCH AUTOMATIC CHOKE Starting A Cold Engine (400)  NOTE: It is very important not to touch or compress the throttle lever during the starting procedures. 1. Turn off all electrical accessories (hand warmer, lights, etc.); then rotate the ignition switch key to the first position (ON) leaving the headlights OFF. Note that the N is indicated on the LCD. 735-887C  NOTE: Pump the primer three times when the temperature is at 0° C (32° F) or colder. To access the primer, the seat and right-side heat shield must be removed. 29 ATV Operation CAUTION Do not run the starter motor for more than eight seconds per starting attempt. The starter motor may overheat causing severe starter motor damage. Allow 15 seconds between starting attempts to allow the starter motor to cool. 738-436A 2. Press the starter button. CAUTION Do not run the starter motor for more than eight seconds per starting attempt. The starter motor may overheat causing severe starter motor damage. Allow 15 seconds between starting attempts to allow the starter motor to cool. 3. If the engine does not start, press the starter button again for eight seconds.  NOTE: At this point if the engine does not start, pump the primer three more times; then press the starter button again. 4. Allow the engine to warm up for approximately 2-3 minutes or until the ATV will accelerate without hesitating. Starting A Cold Engine (450)  NOTE: It is very important not to touch or compress the throttle lever during the starting procedures. 1. Turn off all electrical accessories (hand warmer, lights, etc.); then rotate the ignition switch key to the first position (ON) leaving the headlights OFF. Note that the N is indicated on the LCD. 2. Press on the starter button. 30  NOTE: Do not touch the throttle lever until the engine has run for at least 3 minutes. 3. Allow the engine to warm up for approximately 2-3 minutes or until the ATV will accelerate without hesitating. Braking/Stopping Always allow plenty of room and time to stop safely. Sometimes quick stops are inevitable, so always be prepared. Whether you’re stopping slowly or stopping quickly, do this: 1. Squeeze the brake lever on the left handlebar to apply both the front and rear brakes. 2. If your wheels lock, release them for a second; then apply them again. 3. Never “ride” the brake. Even maintaining minimal pressure on the brake lever will cause the brake pads to drag on the disc and may overheat the brake fluid. ! WARNING Excessive repetitive use of the hydraulic brake for high speed stops will cause overheating of the brake fluid and premature brake pad wear which will result in an unexpected loss of brakes. ! WARNING Use only Arctic Cat approved brake fluid. Never substitute or mix different types or grades of brake fluid. Brake loss can result. Check brake fluid level and pad wear before each use. Brake loss can result in serious injury or death. ATV Operation Shifting To shift the ATV, follow these steps: 1. After the ATV stops, shift into neutral. 2. Stop the engine using the engine stop switch. 3. Turn off the ignition. 4. If you have to park on a hill, shift the ATV into low gear; otherwise, try to park only on level surfaces. 5. Engage the brake lever lock. Dismounting the ATV After you’ve followed the procedure for 1. To engage the high range from neu- parking, it’s time to dismount: tral, move the shift lever forward. 1. Double check that the brake lever lock is engaged. 2. To engage the low range from high range, move the shift lever outward 2. Swing your right leg over to the left and forward. side of the seat.  NOTE: The high range is for nor3. Step to the ground on the left side of mal riding with light loads. The low the ATV. range is for carrying heavy loads or trailer towing. Compared to HIGH How to Handle the ATV range, the LOW range position pro- (Active Riding vides slower speed and greater Techniques) torque to the wheels. Active riding involves moving your body. You must learn to lean and shift CAUTION your weight into your turns to maintain Always shift into low range when control. CF130B operating on wet or uneven terrain, when towing or pushing heavy loads, and when using a plow. Failure to follow this caution may result in premature V-belt failure or in damage to related drive system components. Your safety depends on using safe riding techniques. Statistics from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) say that inexperienced riders who don’t use safe riding techniques are 13 times more likely to have an 3. To engage reverse gear from neutral, ATV accident than riders who have move the shift lever outward and over 1 month of experience. rearward into the R position. Safe riding techniques include: CAUTION Always come to a complete stop before attempting to shift from one range to the other or into reverse. Always shift on level ground, or engage the brake lever lock before shifting into another range or into reverse. Parking • • • • • • • • • • • Riding Leaning, Weight Shift, and Balance Wide Turns Sharp Turns Quick Turns K-Turns Riding Uphill Riding Downhill Sidehilling/Traversing Swerving Crossing Obstacles Parking involves following the previous rules for braking; then: 31 ATV Operation Riding Once the engine’s warm, the ATV is ready to go. ATV-0024 ATV-0012 1. Keep your feet on the footrests and both hands on the handlebar. 2. Hold the brake lever, and release the brake lever lock. 3. Shift into gear. ATV-0025 4. Release the brake slowly and apply Wide Turns the throttle. About 20% of ATV accidents happen Leaning, Weight Shift, during turns. If you don’t understand and Balance turning techniques, it’s easy for the ATV When you turn, the trick is to move for- to get away from you by losing traction, ward and slide over to the side of the seat plowing, or tipping. Use this method for that’s on the inside of the turn. Support wide turns: your body weight on the outside footrest. At the same time, lean your body to the inside of the turn. Pay attention to the handling—if you feel the tires coming off the ground, reduce speed, shift more of your body weight to the side that’s lifting, and make the turn wider if possible. ATV-0046 ATV-0013 ATV-0045 32 ATV Operation 3. You might have to lean into the turn more than you do in a wide turn. 4. If shifting your weight and balance aren’t enough to keep the ATV tires on the ground, straighten out the handlebar as much as you can. 5. Gradually increase your speed as you come out of the turn. ATV-0044 Quick Turns 1. Ease off the throttle as you approach Quick turns are the most difficult turns the turn to slow down. and should only be done after you are 2. Use the principles of leaning, weight experienced with your ATV. shifting, and balancing—shift your body weight to the inside of the turn. 3. Gradually increase your speed as you come out of the turn. Sharp Turns After mastering wide turns, practice the advanced skill of sharp turns. ATV-203 1. Ease off the throttle as you approach the turn to slow down. ATV-202 1. Ease off the throttle as you approach the turn to slow down. 2. Use the principles of leaning, weight shifting, and balancing—shift your body weight to the inside of the turn. 2. Turn the handlebar, shift your weight, and balance at the same time as you enter the turn (use the principles of leaning, weight shifting, and balancing—shift your body weight to the inside of the turn). 3. Follow this with slight acceleration. 4. For multiple turns, repeat this movement as needed. 33 ATV Operation 5. To make your turn quicker, try raising yourself off the seat a few inches as you shift your weight. K-Turns Use K-turns if you accidentally stall while riding uphill; you need to take action before the ATV rolls backward down the hill. 1. Stop where you are, apply the brakes, and shift to neutral. 2. Shut off the engine. 3. Keep your body weight shifted forward. 4. Get off the ATV on the uphill side. 5. If you’re to the left of the ATV, turn the handlebar all the way left. 6. Partially release the brake, but lightly hold the brake lever. 7. Let the ATV roll to your right side until it faces slightly downhill. 8. Reapply the brakes. 9. Get back on the ATV from the uphill side, and keep your weight shifted uphill when you sit down. 10. Start the engine and follow the method for riding downhill. Riding Uphill Roughly 20% of accidents happen while riding on hills and as a result of the ATV rolling or flipping. So, obviously, use extreme caution and follow this method for riding uphill. ATV-0019 ATV-0032 ATV-204 34 ATV Operation ATV-0033 1. Shift down and accelerate before you start climbing; then maintain a steady pace. 2. Lean as far forward as possible. For steeper hills, come off your seat to stand and lean forward. 3. If you lose speed, quickly shift to low range. At the same time, release the throttle (so your front tires don’t lift), OR 4. If that doesn’t work and you still have forward motion and the terrain permits, do a U-turn, go back down, and try climbing again, OR 5. If you have lost all forward motion, follow the K-turn procedure. Never Operate Up Or Down Hills Steeper Than 25° ATV-205 1. Shift your body weight as far back on the seat as possible. 2. Keep it in a low range; stay out of neutral. 3. Lightly apply the brake and ease up on the throttle. Riding Downhill Success in riding downhill depends on how well you know your brakes—take it easy on them, or you could flip over. 35 ATV Operation Sidehilling/Traversing Swerving Sidehilling is considered an advanced skill; it’s really tricky and unpredictable. So, whether your skills are advanced or not, try to avoid this kind of riding. If you’re in a situation where you absolutely have to sidehill, follow this method: Swerving is usually an emergency reaction to avoid an obstacle but is similar to quick turns. The difference is that quick turns involve slight acceleration in the turn; don’t accelerate if you swerve. ATV-0017 ATV-0028 ATV-206 1. Ease off the throttle as you approach the obstacle. ATV-0029 1. Keep your speed low and consistent. 2. Shift all your body weight to the uphill side of the seat; also, support your weight on the uphill footrest. 3. Steer like you’re driving into the hill. 4. If the ATV feels like it’s tipping, turn the handlebar downhill. If that’s not possible because of the terrain or other conditions or if it just doesn’t work, stop and get off. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side. 36 2. Turn the handlebar. At the same time, shift your weight and balance as you swerve. Use the principles of leaning, weight shifting, and balancing—shift your body weight to the inside of the turn. 3. Keep your hand off the brake until the emergency is over and you’re back in control. ATV Operation Crossing Obstacles 7. Keep your body loose to absorb any shock. Crossing obstacles is risky; avoid it if 8. If the ATV starts tipping, shift your possible. Riding over logs, rocks, and weight to keep it in balance. ruts means combining all the active riding skills into one big motion. Your ATV will respond differently for different To clear a single-track (only one tire conobstacles (logs, ruts, etc.), but these are tacts) obstacle, follow the same rules general guidelines for overcoming two- except: track (both tires contacting the obstacle at 1. Use the ATV’s momentum to clear the same time) obstacles: the obstacle. 2. Don’t pull up on the handlebar. 3. Don’t apply the throttle. Tips Driving an ATV and a car have some similarities; however, there are a few situations that require special attention: ATV-0016 ATV-0026 • • • • • • • • • Reversing Skidding or Sliding Parking on a Hill Stalling on a Hill Crossing Water Crossing Roads Driving in Cold Weather Stopping the ATV Stopping the Engine Reversing It’s tough to see things behind you. 1. Go slowly. It’s hard to see behind you. 2. Keep your handlebar straight. 3. Backing down hills is a bad idea; do a U-turn or K-turn instead to turn around. ATV-0027 Skidding or Sliding 1. Keep your speed way down; less If you lose control after hitting sand, ice, than 5 mph. mud, or water: 2. Approach the obstacle head-on. 1. Turn your handlebar into the direc3. Come up off the seat. tion of the slide. 4. Keep your weight on the footrests. 2. Keep your hand off the brakes until you’re out of the skid. 5. Apply a little throttle when the front tires make contact with the obstacle. 3. Shift your weight forward. 6. Lean forward and release the throttle Sometimes your ATV may not respond when the front tires clear the obsta- and goes straight ahead instead of letting cle. you turn. Here’s how to handle it: 37 ATV Operation 1. Slow down. 2. Move forward on the seat. 3. Lean to inside of turn. 4. Turn handlebar. Parking on a Hill This shouldn’t be necessary, but if it is: 1. Keep it in gear. 2. Engage the brake lever lock. 3. Find something to block the rear tires. Stalling on a Hill If you use the right method for riding uphill, this shouldn’t happen. But if you have a problem, do this:  NOTE: Engine damage caused by water ingestion or immersion will not be covered by Arctic Cat warranty. 1. Physically check the depth and current of the water, especially if you can’t see the bottom. You’re also checking for boulders, logs, or any other hidden obstacles. 2. Keep your speed slow. 3. Make sure you have a way out on the other side of the water. 4. If you get stuck in the sludge or mud, try rocking the ATV from side to side. 5. Once you’ve cleared the water, briefly apply the brakes to make sure they work. 1. If the ATV hasn’t started rolling backwards yet, follow the proceCrossing Roads dure for the K-Turn, OR 2. If the ATV is already rolling back- Crossing roads on your ATV is also a bad ward, lean as far forward as possible idea, so avoid it. If you can’t: standing up on the footrests. 1. Stop completely on the shoulder of the road. 3. Nice and easy, apply the hand brake lever. 2. Check both directions for traffic. 4. When you come to a stop, follow the 3. Crossing near a blind corner or interprocedure for the K-turn. section is dangerous; don’t do it. 5. If the ATV continues to roll back4. Drive straight across to the opposite ward, dismount immediately on the shoulder. uphill side. 5. Take into account that your ATV Crossing Water could stall while crossing; give yourself enough time to get off the Your ATV can only handle water up to its road. footrests. Any more than that and you risk engine damage and/or injury. Stay 6. You have to assume that oncoming away from fast moving rivers. ATV tires cars don’t see you, and if they do, can be buoyant, so if the water is too they won’t be able to predict your deep, you might find the ATV suddenly actions. afloat. 7. It’s illegal to cross public roads in some places. Know your local laws. CAUTION Riding through water deeper than the footrests may lead to severe engine damage due to water ingestion. 38 ATV Operation Driving In Cold Weather  NOTE: After the brakes thaw, dry by applying them several  NOTE: Check that all control them times while riding slowly. levers move freely. Make sure that the footrest, shift lever, and rear  NOTE: After riding through water, foot brake are free of ice and snow. mud, snow, or slush, it is important to dry both brake systems before parking the ATV. ! WARNING For your personal safety, it is very important to wear the type and amount of cold-weather clothing according to the coldest anticipated temperatures. 1. With the transmission in neutral, move the ATV forward and backward to check that the wheels roll freely. If the ATV will not roll, the tires may be frozen to the ground or the brake pads may be frozen to the discs. 2. If the tires are frozen to the ground, pour warm water around them to melt the ice. CAUTION Before riding, manually move the ATV forward and backward to make certain that all wheels roll freely. ! WARNING Go slowly and be extra careful when riding on snow-covered or ice-covered terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. 4. Practice driving in an open snowcovered or ice-covered area at slow speeds before driving on snow-covered or ice-covered trails. 5. Learn how the ATV responds to steering and braking on the type of terrain to be encountered on the ride. Stopping The ATV To stop the ATV, first release the throttle lever. Next, apply the brake. Stopping The Engine To stop the engine, turn the ignition 3. If the brakes are frozen, take the switch key to the OFF position or set the ATV to a warmer area to thaw out engine stop switch to the OFF position. the brakes.  NOTE: Leaving the ignition switch key in the ON position could ! WARNING result in a discharged battery. Do not attempt to free frozen brakes by pouring warm water on the brake pads and housings. 39 General Information ATV Identification Numbers The Arctic Cat ATV has two identification numbers: Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and Engine Serial Number (ESN). The VIN is located on the lower-front crossmember. ATV-0055 Control Locations and Functions Ignition Switch The ignition switch has three positions. KC0055A The ESN is located on the rear of the engine crankcase and is visible from the side. ATV-0056 OFF position — All electrical circuits except the accessory plug are off. The engine will not start. The key can be removed in this position. KC287B These numbers are required by the dealer to complete warranty claims properly. No warranty will be allowed by Arctic Cat if the VIN or ESN is removed or mutilated in any way. Always provide the ATV name, Vehicle Identification Number, and Engine Serial Number when contacting an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for parts, service, accessories, or warranty. If a complete engine must be replaced, ask the dealer to notify Arctic Cat for correct registration information. Ignition Switch Key Two keys come with the ATV. Keep the spare key in a safe place. An identifying number is stamped on each key. Use this number when ordering a replacement key. 40  NOTE: The accessory plug is powered by the battery at all times. ON position — The ignition circuit is complete and the engine can run. The key cannot be removed in this position. LIGHTS position — The ignition circuit is complete and the headlights and taillight are on. The key cannot be removed in this position. CAUTION Leaving the ignition switch in the ON or LIGHTS position for a long period of time when the engine is not running may cause the battery to discharge. Always leave the ignition switch in the OFF position when engine is not running. Gas Tank Valve (400) The hand brake is considered to be the normal operating (main) brake. It should The gas tank valve is incorporated in the be applied whenever a braking situation gas tank. There are three positions: ON, is needed. RES, and OFF. Apply the brake by compressing the In the OFF position, the valve will not brake lever toward the handlebar. allow gasoline to flow to the carburetor. In the ON position (the normal operating To engage and release the brake lever position), gasoline will flow from the lock, use the following procedure. tank to the carburetor. In this position, 1. Squeeze the hand brake lever two or 2.46 L (0.65 U.S. gal.) will remain in the three times and release it. tank as a reserve quantity. 2. Depress and hold the brake lever Moving the valve to the reserve (RES) lock. position will allow the operator to use the remaining gasoline in the tank. When 3. While holding in on the brake lever turning the valve to any of the three posilock, squeeze the brake lever. tions, be sure the indicator is pointed  NOTE: It will click as it engages directly at the position desired. and the brake lever will not return to its released position. ! WARNING Never leave the valve in the ON or RES position when the engine is not running. 4. Release the brake lever lock by squeezing the brake lever. It will return to its released position. Check to make sure the brake lever lock engages properly and that the brake (when engaged) locks the wheels. Shift Lever 1. Pump the brake lever 2 or 3 times. 2. Engage the brake lever lock. 3. Attempt to push the ATV.  NOTE: The brake lever lock must lock the wheels. If it doesn’t, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for service. CF130B This ATV has a dual-range automatic transmission with reverse. Hand Brake Lever/Brake Lever Lock 738-420B ! WARNING Always check to be sure that the brake lever lock has been disengaged before operating the ATV. An accident could result if the brake lever lock is left engaged while the ATV is operated. The brake may relax if left engaged for a long period of time. This could cause an accident; therefore, do not leave the ATV on a hill depending on the brake lever lock. Always block the downhill side of the wheels if leaving the ATV on a hill or park the ATV in a sidehill position. 41 Rear Foot Brake  NOTE: This ATV has safety interlock switches which prevent the starter motor from activating when the transmission is not in neutral. Drive Select Switch CF117 Pressing the rear foot brake downward will apply the brake to the rear wheels. Headlight HI/LO Switch KC342B This switch allows the operator to operate the ATV in either two-wheel drive (rear wheels) or four-wheel drive (all wheels). For normal riding on flat, dry, hard surfaces, two-wheel drive should be sufficient. In situations of aggressive trail conditions, four-wheel drive would be the desired choice. KM850A Use the headlight HI/LO switch to select the high or low headlight beam when the ignition switch is in the LIGHTS position. When the switch is in the HI position, the high beam will illuminate. When the switch is in the LO position, the low beam will illuminate. When the switch is in the Running Light position, the taillights and running lights will illuminate. Engine Stop Switch To either engage or disengage the front wheels, move the switch to the 4WD position or to the 2WD position. Reverse Override Switch This ATV is equipped with a reverse speed limiter system. When additional RPM is needed in reverse, depress and hold the override switch. ! WARNING Never activate the override switch while the throttle is open as a loss of control may result. OFF position — The ignition circuit is off. The engine cannot be started or will not run. If the engine stop switch is used Throttle Lever to stop engine without turning off ignition switch, the battery may discharge. RUN position — The ignition circuit is on. The engine can start and run. Starter Button Pushing in on this button activates the starter motor. Before starting the engine, make sure the ignition switch is in the ON position, the transmission is in neutral, and the brake lever lock is engaged. 42 KC342A Control engine RPM with the position of the throttle lever. Operate this lever with the thumb. Pushing it forward increases engine RPM and allowing it to retract decreases engine RPM. Throttle Limiter Screw 1. Clock/Engine Hour Meter - The clock function indicates time in the 12-hour mode; the hour meter indicates the total time the ATV has run and cannot be reset to zero. To set the clock, use the following procedure. A. With the ignition switch ON, press and release the Mode Button (3) until the Clock/Engine Hour Meter (1) is displayed; then (if necessary) press and release the Set/Reset Button (4) to select the clock display. ATV-0053 B. Press and hold the Set/Reset Button (4) until the minutes stop scrolling and the hour display starts to scroll. Momentarily release when the correct hour is displayed; then repeatedly press and release the Set/Reset Button (4) until the correct minutes are displayed. Throttle lever travel may be limited by adjusting the throttle limiter screw. The throttle limiter should be adjusted according to the operator’s skill and experience. To adjust the throttle limiter, use the following procedure.  NOTE: Clock memory power is supplied through the 15-amp acces1. Loosen the jam nut. sory fuse and verified during gauge 2. Turn the throttle limiter screw clock- “power-up” and reset. In the event wise to decrease engine RPM maxi- of clock memory power failure mum or counterclockwise to (blown fuse, etc.), the gauge will increase engine RPM maximum. “power-up,” reset, and shut down repeatedly until clock memory 3. Tighten the jam nut securely. power is restored. Always check the  NOTE: The ATV is equipped with 15-amp accessory fuse if this an RPM limiter that retards ignition gauge condition is noted. timing when maximum RPM is approached. When the RPM limiter  NOTE: The engine hour meter will is activated, it could be misinter- not activate until engine speed exceeds 500 RPM. preted as a high-speed misfire. 2. Temperature Indicator - If the engine LCD Gauge (400) coolant temperature exceeds the normal  NOTE: All segments of the LCD operating range, the temperature icon will activate for approximately two will begin flashing and the LCD will go seconds when the ignition switch is blank for 30 seconds; then the LCD will rotated to the ON position. return to normal. However, the temperature icon will continue to flash. CAUTION Continued operation with high engine temperature may result in engine damage or premature wear. CF236B 43  NOTE: High engine RPM, low vehicle speed, or heavy load can raise engine temperature. Decreasing engine RPM, reducing load, and selecting an appropriate transmission gear can lower the temperature. 7. Odometer/Trip Meter - Odometer registers the total distance the vehicle has traveled. The trip meter is resetable and can be used to measure trip or trip legs. The odometer cannot be reset. engine (or packed between the cooling fins of the radiator) can reduce cooling capacity. Using a garden hose, wash the radiator and the engine to remove any debris restricting air flow. press the Mode Button (3) to select the distance mode; then press the Set/Reset Button (4) to select the desired display. Hold the Set/Reset Button down to reset the trip meter.  NOTE: To shift between the odom NOTE: Debris in front of the eter (ODO) or trip meter (TRIP), CAUTION Arctic Cat does not recommend using a pressure washer to clean the radiator core. The pressure may bend or flatten the fins causing restricted air flow, and electrical components on the radiator could be damaged. Use only a garden hose with spray nozzle at normal tap pressure. 3. Mode Button - Shifts the gauge through three set-up modes: speedometer/tachometer, distance, and time. 8. Gear Position Indicator - Indicates which gear position is selected. • R (reverse)/N (neutral)/L (low range)/H (high range)  NOTE: An E will be displayed if there is an error caused by a noshift position signal. 9. High Beam Indicator - The High Beam icon will appear only when the headlights are on high beam. 10. 4WD Lock Indicator - Displays LOCK when the front differential lock has been engaged. Not utilized on this model.  NOTE: The Mode Button must be pressed and released to shift 11. Speedometer - Indicates the approximodes. Approximately two seconds mate vehicle speed in miles per hour after the Mode Button is released, (MPH) or kilometers per hour (km/h). the digital gauge will return to full  NOTE: To change mph/km/h disdisplay. play, press and release Mode But4. Set/Reset Button - In conjunction ton (3) until the icon (MPH/km/h) with the Mode Button, sets and resets appears; then press the Set Button various displays on the digital gauge. (4) to change the display. Also used to shift from speedometer function to tachometer function on Speedometer/LCD the speedometer/tachometer gauge. Gauge (Digital) 5. Fuel Level Indicator - Indicates approximate amount of gasoline in the gas tank.  NOTE: When the bottom segment flashes, approximately 3.5 L (0.92 U.S. gal.) of gasoline remains in the tank. 6. Low Oil Pressure - Will be displayed during self-test at start-up. It will not be displayed during normal operation as oil pressure is not monitored on these models. 44 1. Clock/Engine Hour Meter - The clock function indicates time in the 12-hour mode; the hour meter indicates the total time the ATV has run and cannot be reset to zero. To set the clock, use the following procedure.  NOTE: High engine RPM, low vehicle speed, or heavy load can raise engine temperature. Decreasing engine RPM, reducing load, and selecting an appropriate transmission gear can lower the temperature.  NOTE: Debris in front of the engine (or packed between the cooling fins of the radiator) can EFI-011A reduce cooling capacity. Using a garden hose, wash the radiator and A. With the ignition switch ON, the engine to remove any debris press and release the Set Button restricting air flow. (4) until the Clock (1) is displayed; then press and hold the Set Button (4) to activate the set mode (clock display flashing). B. Press and release the Set Button (4) to set minutes or the Mode Button (3) to set hours. Holding the respective button down will scroll the display.  NOTE: Clock memory power is supplied through the 15-amp accessory fuse and verified during gauge “power-up” and reset. In the event of clock memory power failure (blown fuse, etc.), the gauge will “powerup,” reset, and shut down repeatedly until clock memory power is restored. Always check the 15-amp accessory fuse if this gauge condition is noted. CAUTION Arctic Cat does not recommend using a pressure washer to clean the radiator core. The pressure may bend or flatten the fins causing restricted air flow, and electrical components on the radiator could be damaged. Use only a garden hose with spray nozzle at normal tap pressure. 3. Mode Button - Shifts the gauge through two operating modes: speedometer/tachometer and MPH/ KPH.  NOTE: The Mode Button must be pressed and released to shift speedometer/tachometer modes. It must be pressed and held to shift  NOTE: The engine hour meter will MPH/KPH modes. not activate until engine speed 4. Set Button - The Set Button is used exceeds 500 RPM. to select the gauge display of clock, hour meter, trip 1, trip 2, and odome2. Temperature Indicator - If the engine ter. It is also used to activate the coolant temperature exceeds the norclock set function and adjust the mal operating range, the temperature minute display on the clock. icon will begin flashing and the LCD will go blank for 30 seconds; then the 5. Fuel Level Indicator - Indicates LCD will return to normal. However, approximate amount of gasoline in the temperature icon will continue to the gas tank. flash.  NOTE: When the bottom segment flashes, approximately 3.5 L CAUTION (0.92 U.S. gal.) of gasoline remains Continued operation with high in the tank. engine temperature may result in 6. Oil Pressure Indicator - Will be disengine damage or premature wear. played during self-test at start-up. It will not be displayed during normal operation as oil pressure is not monitored on these models. 45 7. Odometer/Trip Meter - Odometer registers the total distance the vehicle has traveled. The trip meter is resetable and can be used to measure trip or trip legs. The odometer cannot be reset. 8. Gear Position Indicator - Indicates which gear is currently selected - R (reverse)/N (neutral)/L (low range)/ H (high range).  NOTE: Take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer to have the EFI error corrected and to have the ECM reset as soon as possible. Primer - Cold Start (400) 9. High Beam Indicator - The High Beam icon will appear only when the headlights are on high beam. 10. 4WD Lock Indicator - Displays LOCK when the front differential lock has been engaged. Not utilized on this model. CF123A 11. Drive Select Indicator - Displays The primer is located on the carburetor. 4WD when selected by the drive Depress and release the lever several times select switch or when the 4WD lock prior to attempting to start a cold engine. is engaged. The display is blank Gas/Vent Hoses when in 2WD. Replace the gas hose every two years. Dam12. Speedometer/Tachometer - Indicates age from aging may not always be visible. the approximate vehicle speed in miles per hour (MPH), kilometers per hour On the 400, do not bend or obstruct the routing of the carburetor vent hose. Make (KPH), or RPM. certain that the vent hose is securely conCondition Warning Display - Uses odom- nected to the carburetor and hose holder eter/trip meter display of the LCD to and the opposite end is always open. warn of a system error condition requirCarburetor Float Bowl ing attention. A. Volt - The LCD will go blank except the word VOLT will flash on the LCD whenever a low voltage (<9 DC volts) or a high voltage (>16 DC volts) is detected. When voltage returns to normal, the gauge must be reset by turning the ignition key to the OFF position and then to the ON position. Drain (400) B. EFI - The LCD will go blank except a diagnostic trouble code AF925 (DTC) code will flash on the Periodically, the float bowl should be LCD and a wrench icon will be drained to remove condensation. To drain displayed whenever an elec- the float bowl, use the following procedure. tronic fuel injection malfunction 1. Direct the hose from the float bowl is detected. After 30 seconds, drain into a container. the LCD will return to normal; however, the DTC and wrench icon will continue to be displayed until the malfunction is corrected. 46 ! WARNING There is an oil level stick for checking the engine oil level. To check the oil level, use the following procedure. Do not drain float bowl contents directly onto the engine. Gasoline is highly flammable and could ignite. Use a hose.  NOTE: The ATV should be on level ground when checking the engine oil level. 2. Loosen the drain screw and allow the gasoline and condensation to flow out. 1. Unscrew the oil level stick and wipe it with a clean cloth. 3. Tighten the drain screw securely and remove the hose. 2. Install the oil level stick and thread it into the engine case. ! WARNING It is very important that the drain screw be tightened securely. If it is not tightened securely, gasoline could drip onto the engine. Electric Fuel Pump (450) 3. Remove the oil level stick; the engine oil level should be above the “L” mark but not higher than the “F” mark. CAUTION Do not overfill the engine with oil. Always make sure the oil level is above the “L” mark but not higher than the “F” mark. An electric fuel pump is incorporated in the gas tank to deliver gasoline to the fuel injector. The fuel pump is activated when Seat Latch the ignition switch is in the ON position.  NOTE: Both the ignition and fuel pump functions will be interrupted by the Tilt Sensor if the ATV tips over past 60°-70°. Righting the ATV will reactivate the ignition and fuel pump. Oil Level Stick AL676A 1. To remove the seat, lift up on the latch release (located at the rear of the seat); then raise the rear of the seat and slide it rearward. ATV-0100AA 2. To lock the seat into position, slide the front of the seat into the seat retainers and push down firmly on the rear of seat. The seat should automatically lock into position. ! WARNING Make sure the seat is secure before mounting the ATV. Serious injury may result if the seat is not properly secured. KC0051A 47 Safety Flag Bracket A bracket is provided for mounting a flag at the rear of the ATV. Rack Loading (Front and Rear) ! WARNING Never exceed any of the ATV weight restrictions. Trailer Tongue Weight is the downward force exerted on the hitch by the trailer The front rack and rear rack are designed coupler when the trailer is fully loaded to carry specified load capacities. Always and the coupler is at its normal towing refer to the ATV Load Capacity Ratings height. Refer to the Load Capacity Ratings chart for tongue weight information. chart for proper capacities. ! WARNING Make sure the loads on the front and rear racks will not interfere with the ATV controls or obstruct the view of the operator. Also, make sure the loads are evenly distributed, properly secured, and will not shift while operating the ATV. Trailering and Towing ! WARNING Never use the racks as a towing or trailering point. Arctic Cat ATV’s are equipped with a frame-mounted receiver for a standard 5.1 cm (2 in.) receiver hitch. The standard receiver hitch must be purchased separately. Always maintain a slow speed when trailering and towing and avoid sudden accelerations, quick maneuvers, and sudden stops. Braking distance will be affected when towing a trailer. When towing a trailer, always maintain slow speed and allow more stopping distance than when not towing a trailer. ! WARNING Riding an ATV without extra caution when towing a trailer will be hazardous. Trailer towing can affect the handling and braking of the ATV. Never tow a trailer without a rigid tongue and never exceed 10 mph. Avoid sudden accelerations and stopping of the ATV. Do not make quick maneuvers. Avoid uneven surfaces and do not tow on hills. Never carry passengers in a trailer unless the trailer is designed for such use. Allow more stopping distance than when not towing a trailer. Transporting ATV When transporting the ATV, Arctic Cat recommends that the ATV be in its normal operating position (on all four wheels) and the following procedure be used. 738-424A When loading a trailer properly, two items are critical: Gross Trailer Weight (the weight of the trailer plus cargo) and Trailer Tongue Weight. ! WARNING Make sure that the load in the trailer is properly secured and will not shift while moving. Also, do not overload the trailer. 48 1. Engage the brake lever lock and place the transmission in gear. CAUTION Failure to engage the brake lever lock and place the transmission in gear could result in the ATV rolling off the trailer in the event of tiedown strap failure. 2. Secure the ATV with load rated hold-down straps.  NOTE: Suitable hold-down straps are available from your Arctic Cat ATV dealer. Ordinary rope is not recommended because it can stretch under load. CAUTION When using hold-down straps, care must be taken not to damage the ATV. OILCHART J Gasoline-Oil-Lubricant Recommended Front Differential/Rear Drive The recommended gasoline to use in this Lubricant ATV is 87 minimum octane regular  NOTE: Arctic Cat recommends unleaded. In many areas, oxygenates are the use of genuine Arctic Cat lubriadded to the gasoline. Oxygenated gaso- cants.The recommended lubricant lines containing up to 10% ethanol or 5% (front differential and rear drive) is methane are acceptable gasolines. SAE approved 80W-90 hypoid. This lubricant meets all of the lubrication When using ethanol blended gasoline, it is requirements of the Arctic Cat ATV. not necessary to add a gasoline antifreeze since ethanol will prevent the accumulaCAUTION tion of moisture in the fuel system. Recommended Gasoline CAUTION Do not use white gas. Only Arctic Cat approved gasoline additives should be used. Recommended Engine/ Transmission Oil CAUTION Any oil used in place of the recommended oil could cause serious engine damage. Do not use oils which contain graphite or molybdenum additives. These oils can adversely affect clutch operation. Also, not recommended are racing, vegetable, non-detergent, and castor-based oils. Any lubricant used in place of the recommended lubricant could cause serious front differential/rear drive damage. Filling Gas Tank ! WARNING Always fill the gas tank in a well-ventilated area. Never add gasoline to the ATV gas tank near any open flames or with the engine running or hot. DO NOT SMOKE while filling the gas tank. Since gasoline expands as its temperature increases, the gas tank must be filled to its rated capacity only. Expansion room must be maintained in the tank particularly if the tank is filled with cold gasoline and then moved to a warm area. The recommended oil to use is Arctic Cat ACX All Weather synthetic engine oil, which has been specifically formulated for use in this Arctic Cat engine. Although Arctic Cat ACX All Weather synthetic engine oil is the only oil recommended for use in this engine, use of any API certified SM 0W-40 oil is acceptable. 49 ATV0049D During the first 10 hours of operation, always use less than ½ throttle. Varying the engine RPM during the break-in period allows the components to “load” (aiding the engine/transmission component mating process) and then “unload” (allowing components to cool). Although it is essential to place some stress on the engine components during break-in, care should be taken not to overload the engine too often. Do not pull a trailer during the break-in period. Allow the engine to cool before filling the gas tank. Care must be taken not to over- When the engine starts, allow it to warm fill the tank. If overfilled, gas may leak up properly. Idle the engine several minutes until the engine has reached normal onto the engine creating a fire hazard. operating temperature. Do not idle the engine for excessively long periods of ! WARNING time. Do not over-flow gasoline when filling the gas tank. A fire hazard could materialize. Always allow the engine to cool before filling the gas tank. ! WARNING Do not overfill the gas tank. Tighten the gas tank cap securely after filling the tank. Engine Break-In After the completion of the break-in period, the engine oil and oil filter should be changed. Other maintenance after break-in should include checking of all prescribed adjustments and tightening of all fasteners. At the discretion and expense of the owner/operator, the ATV may be taken to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for this initial service. New ATV’s and renewed ATV engines require a “break-in” period. The first month is most critical to the life of this ATV. Proper operation during this breakin period will help assure maximum life and performance from the ATV. 50 Burnishing Brake Pads Brake pads must be burnished to achieve full braking effectiveness. Braking distance will be extended until brake pads are properly burnished. To properly burnish the brakes, use following procedure: 1. Choose an area sufficiently large to safely accelerate ATV to 30 mph and to brake to a stop. 2. Accelerate to 30 mph; then compress brake lever to decelerate to 0-5 mph. 3. Repeat procedure twenty times. ! WARNING Do not attempt sudden stops or put yourself into a situation where a sudden stop will be required until the brake pads are properly burnished. General Maintenance  NOTE: Proper maintenance of the ATV is important for optimum performance. Follow the Maintenance Schedule and all ensuing maintenance and care instructions/information. If, at any time, abnormal noises, vibrations, or improper functioning of any component of this ATV is detected, DO NOT OPERATE THE ATV. Take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for inspection and adjustment or repair.  NOTE: Proper maintenance procedures for each item can be found on If the owner/operator does not feel qualified to perform any of these maintenance procethe corresponding page indicated. dures or checks, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for professional service. Item Battery * Engine nuts and bolts * Valve clearance Spark plug Oil cooler (400) Liquid Cooling System (450) Idle RPM (400) Throttle cable Gas/vent hoses Engine/transmission oil and filter Air filter Air filter housing drain Gear lubricant (Front differential rear drive) Maintenance Schedule Initial 100 Every 100 Every 300 Every 500 Page miles after miles or 1 miles or 3 miles or 6 break-in month months months 57 60 60 52 52 60 61 46 46 53 61 62 54 54 62 63 62/27 55/56 55 55 - I I I I I I I I I Replace every 4000 miles or 18 months I I I I Inspect every time before riding I I I Inspect every time before riding I Inspect every time before riding Replace every 2 years R R** I I I Inspect every time before riding I I Replace every 4 years I I C I Inspect every time before riding I Inspect every time before riding I *Replace every 2 years I *Replace every 4 years I Inspect every time before riding V-Belt Muffler/spark arrester Tires/air pressure * Brake components Brake fluid Brake hoses * Steering * Suspension (Ball joint boots, drive axle boots front and rear, tie rods, differential and rear drive bellows) I Inspect every time before riding * Chassis nuts and bolts I T Frame/welds/racks I I Electrical connections I I Headlight/taillight-brakelight 63 I Inspect every time before riding Wheel nuts 63 I I I = Inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, replace as necessary T = Tighten R = Replace C = Clean * Dealer maintenance ** When using Arctic Cat ACX All Weather synthetic oil, oil change interval can be increased to every 1,000 miles or every year. 51 Oil Cooler (400) The cooling system capacity can be found in the specifications chart. The cooling system should be inspected daily for leakage and damage. If leakage or damage is detected, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for service. Also, the coolant level should be checked periodically. CAUTION KC0083  NOTE: Dirt and debris must be Continued operation of the ATV with high engine temperature may result in engine damage or premature wear. cleaned from the cooling fins regu-  NOTE: High engine RPM, low vehilarly to ensure proper engine oil cle speed, or heavy load can raise engine temperature. Decreasing cooling. engine RPM, reducing load, and selecting an appropriate transmisCAUTION sion gear can lower the temperature. Continued operation of the ATV with high engine temperature may result When filling the cooling system, use a in engine damage or premature wear. coolant/water mixture which will satisfy the coldest anticipated weather condi NOTE: High engine RPM, low vehi- tions of the area in accordance with the cle speed, or heavy load can raise coolant manufacturer’s recommendaengine temperature. Decreasing tions. While the cooling system is being engine RPM, reducing load, and filled, air pockets may develop; thereselecting an appropriate transmis- fore, run the engine for five minutes after sion gear can lower the temperature. the initial fill, shut the engine off, and then fill the cooling system to the bottom Liquid Cooling System of the stand pipe in the radiator neck. (450) Checking/Filling 1. Locate the coolant reservoir on the engine or packed between the coolright side behind the radiator. ing fins of the radiator can reduce cooling capability. Using a garden hose, wash the radiator to remove any debris preventing air flow.  NOTE: Debris in front of the CAUTION Arctic Cat does not recommend using a pressure washer to clean the radiator core. The pressure may bend or flatten the fins causing restricted air flow, and electrical components on the radiator could be damaged. Use only a garden hose with spray nozzle at normal tap pressure. KC338B 2. Remove the cap and fill with the appropriate coolant until coolant level is between the LOW and FULL lines. Do not overfill. 3. Install the cap on the reservoir. 52 4. Remove the radiator access panel; then remove the radiator cap and add coolant as necessary until coolant is visible in the fill tank.  NOTE: Before attempting to adjust suspension, clean dirt and debris from the sleeve and remove load from the suspension; then use the spanner wrench to adjust the sleeve to the desired position. Position Spring Force 1 Setting Load Soft Light Stiff Heavy 2 3 KC339A 5. Install the radiator cap and access panel. Shock Absorbers Each shock absorber should be visibly checked weekly for excessive fluid leakage (some seal leakage may be observed but it does not indicate the shock is in need of replacement), cracks or breaks in the lower case, or a bent shock rod. If any one of these conditions is detected, replacement is necessary.  NOTE: When the ATV is operated in extremely cold weather (-23°C/10°F or colder), a small amount of leakage may be present. Unless the leakage is excessive, replacement is not necessary. 4 5 Stronger General Lubrication Cables None of the cables require lubrication; however, it is advisable to lubricate the ends of the cables periodically with a good cable lubricant. Engine/Transmission Oil and Filter  NOTE: Refer to the recommended oil viscosity chart (on page 49) in this manual for the proper engine oil. Change the engine oil and oil filter at the scheduled intervals. The engine should The shock absorber has a spring force always be warm when the oil is changed adjustment sleeve with five adjustment so the oil will drain easily and compositions to allow the spring to be pletely. adjusted for different riding and loading 1. Park the ATV on level ground. conditions. If the spring action is too soft 2. Remove the oil level stick. Be careor too stiff, adjust it according to the ful not to allow contaminates to chart. enter the opening. KC0102 KC0051A 53 3. Remove the drain plug from the bot- Front Differential and Rear tom of the engine and drain the oil Drive Gear Lubricant into a drain pan. (Inspecting/Changing) Inspect and change the gear lubricant in each according to the Maintenance Schedule. When changing the lubricant, use approved SAE 80W-90 hypoid oil and use the following procedure. 1. Place the ATV on level ground. 2. Remove each oil filler plug. 733-441A 3. Drain the oil into a drain pan by removing in turn the drain plug from each. 4. Remove the oil filter plug from the filter mounting boss (located on the front-right side of the transmission case) and allow the filter to drain completely. 5. Using the oil filter wrench and a ratchet handle (or a socket or boxend wrench), remove the old oil filter and dispose of properly. Do not re-use oil filter. CF107B  NOTE: Clean up any excess oil after removing the filter. 6. Apply oil to the new filter O-ring and check to make sure it is positioned correctly; then install the new oil filter. Tighten securely. 7. Install the oil filter drain plug and tighten securely. 8. Install the engine drain plug and tighten it securely. Pour the recommended oil in the filler hole. Install filler plug. 9. Start the engine (while the ATV is outside on level ground) and allow it to idle for a few minutes. 10. Turn the engine off and wait approximately one minute. Recheck the oil level. 11. Inspect the area around the drain plug and oil filter for leaks. CF106C 4. After all the oil has been drained, install the drain plugs and tighten securely. CAUTION Inspect the oil for any signs of metal filings or water. If found, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for servicing. 5. Pour recommended oil into each filler hole.  NOTE: If the gear case has a level plug, fill to the threads of the level plug. If the gear case has only a fill plug, fill to within 1 in. of the threads of the fill plug. 54 CF113A CF113A 738-420A  NOTE: If the sight glass appears dark, there is a sufficient amount of fluid in the reservoir. CAUTION Be careful not to spill any fluid when filling the brake fluid reservoir. Wipe away spilled fluid immediately. Brake Lever Lock CF116A Check to make sure the brake lever lock  NOTE: Arctic Cat recommends engages properly and that the brake the use of genuine Arctic Cat lubri- (when engaged) locks the wheels. cants. 1. Pump the brake lever 2 or 3 times. 6. Install the filler plugs and level 2. Engage the brake lever lock. plugs. 3. Attempt to push the ATV. Hydraulic Hand Brake  NOTE: The brake lever lock must lock the wheels. If it doesn’t, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for service. Brake Hoses 738-420B ! WARNING Be sure to inspect the hydraulic brake system before each use. Always maintain brakes according to the Maintenance Schedule. Brake Fluid Check the brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir. If the level in the reservoir is not visible in the sight glass, add DOT 4 brake fluid. Carefully inspect the hydraulic brake hoses for cracks or other damage. If found, take the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer to have the brake hoses replaced. Brake Pads The clearance between the brake pads and brake discs is adjusted automatically as the brake pads wear. The only maintenance that is required is replacement of the brake pads when they show excessive wear. Check the thickness of each of the brake pads as follows: 1. Remove a front wheel. 2. Measure the thickness of each brake pad. 55 3. If thickness of either brake pad is 3. If the brake is not firm, the system less than 1.0 mm (0.039 in.), take the must be bled. ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat  NOTE: Take the ATV to an authoATV dealer to have brake pads rized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for this replaced. service. Protective Rubber Boots The protective boots should be inspected periodically according to the Maintenance Schedule. Ball Joint Boots (Upper and Lower/Right and Left) PR376B 4. Install the wheel and tighten using a crisscross pattern to 40 ft-lb (steel wheels) or 80 ft-lb (aluminum wheels). Rear Foot Brake The rear foot brake must be maintained to be fully functional. CC791 ! WARNING Be sure to inspect the rear foot brake system before each use. Always maintain brakes according to the Maintenance Schedule. 1. Check the brake fluid level in the reservoir. The fluid level must be maintained between the MAX and MIN level marks. If the level in the reservoir is low, add DOT 4 brake fluid. 1. Secure the ATV on a support stand to elevate the front wheels. 2. Remove both front wheels. 3. Inspect the four ball joint boots for cracks, tears, or perforations. 4. Check the ball joint for free-play by grasping the steering knuckle and turning it from side to side and up and down. 5. If boot damage is present or ball joint free-play seems excessive, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for service. Tie Rod Boots (Inner and Outer/Right and Left) CD474A  NOTE: The brake fluid reservoir is located under the seat. 2. Press the rear foot brake pedal several times to check for firmness. CC792 56 1. Secure the ATV on a support stand  NOTE: Refer to all warnings and to elevate the front wheels. cautions provided with the battery or battery maintainer/charger. 2. Remove both front wheels. 3. Inspect the four tie rod boots for Loss of battery charge may be caused by ambient temperature, ignition OFF curcracks, tears, or perforations. rent draw, corroded terminals, self dis4. Check the tie rod end free-play by charge, frequent start/stops, and short grasping the tie rod near the end and engine run times. Frequent winch usage, attempting to move it up and down. snowplowing, extended low RPM opera5. If boot damage is present or tie rod tion, short trips, and high amperage end free-play seems excessive, con- accessory usage are also reasons for battact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV tery discharge. dealer for service. Maintenance Charging Drive Axle Boots  NOTE: Arctic Cat recommends the use of the CTEK Multi US 800 or the CTEK Multi US 3300 for battery maintenance charging. Maintenance charging is required on all batteries not used for more than two weeks or as required by battery drain. CC793 1. When charging a battery in the vehicle, be sure the ignition switch is in the OFF position.  NOTE: On the 400, be sure to maintain the fluid of the battery at the UPPER LEVEL. Use only distilled water when adding fluid to these batteries.  NOTE: On the 450, the sealing strip should NOT be removed and NO fluid should be added. CF125A 1. Inspect all drive axle boots for cracks, tears, or perforations. 2. If boot damage is present, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer for service. Battery The battery is located under the seat. After being in service, batteries require regular cleaning and recharging in order to deliver peak performance and maximum service life. The following procedures are recommended for cleaning and maintaining batteries. Always read and follow instructions provided with battery chargers and battery products. 2. Clean the battery terminals with a solution of baking soda and water. 3. Be sure the charger and battery are in a well-ventilated area and ensure the battery charger cables will not contact any battery acid. Be sure the charger is unplugged from the 110-volt electrical outlet. 4. Connect the red terminal lead from the charger to the positive terminal of the battery; then connect the black terminal lead of the charger to the negative terminal of the battery. 57  NOTE: Optional battery charging adapters are available from your authorized Arctic Cat dealer to connect directly to your vehicle from the recommended chargers to simplify the maintenance charging process. Check with your authorized Arctic Cat dealer for proper installation of these charging adapter connectors.  NOTE: Not using a battery charger with the proper float maintenance will damage the battery if connected over extended periods. Charging  NOTE: Arctic Cat recommends the use of the CTEK Multi US 800 or the CTEK Multi US 3300 for battery 5. Plug the battery charger into a 110- maintenance charging. volt electrical outlet. 1. Be sure the battery and terminals have been cleaned with a baking 6. If using the CTEK Multi US 800, soda and water solution. there are no further buttons to push. If using the CTEK Multi US 3300, 2. Be sure the charger and battery are press the Mode button (A) at the left in a well-ventilated area and ensure of the charger until the Maintenance the battery charger cables will not Charge Icon (B) at the bottom illucontact any battery acid. Be sure the minates. The Normal Charge Indicacharger is unplugged from the 110tor (C) should illuminate on the volt electrical outlet. upper portion of the battery charger. 3. Connect the red terminal lead from the charger to the positive terminal of the battery; then connect the black terminal lead of the charger to the negative terminal of the battery. 4. Plug the charger into a 110-volt electrical outlet. 800E  NOTE: The maintainer/charger will charge the battery to 95% capacity at which time the Maintenance Charge Indicator (D) will illuminate and the maintainer/charger will change to pulse/float maintenance. If the battery falls below 12.9 DC volts, the charger will automatically start again at the first step of the charge sequence. 5. By pushing the Mode button (A) on the left side of the charger, select the Normal Charge Icon (E). The Normal Charge Indicator (C) should illuminate on the upper left portion of the charger. 6. The battery will charge to 95% of its capacity at which time the Maintenance Charge Indicator (D) will illuminate.  NOTE: For optimal charge and performance, leave the charger connected to the battery for a minimum 1 hour after the Maintenance Charge Indicator (D) illuminates. If the battery becomes hot to the touch, stop charging. Resume after it has cooled. 7. Once the battery has reached full charge, unplug the charger from the 110-volt electrical outlet. 3300A 58  NOTE: If, after charging, the battery does not perform to operator expectations, bring the battery to an authorized Arctic Cat dealer for further troubleshooting. Jump-Starting  NOTE: Arctic Cat does not recommend jump-starting a vehicle with a dead battery but rather to remove the battery, service it, and correctly charge it; however, in an emergency, it may be necessary to jumpstart a vehicle. If so, use the following procedure to carefully and safely complete this procedure. ! WARNING Improper handling or connecting of a battery may result in serious injury including acid burns, electrical burns, or blindness as a result of an explosion. Always remove rings and watches. 1. On the vehicle to be jump-started, remove the battery cover and any terminal boots. ! WARNING Any time service is performed on a battery, the following must be observed: keep sparks, open flame, cigarettes, or any other flame away. Always wear safety glasses. Protect skin and clothing when handling a battery. When servicing battery in enclosed space, keep the area wellventilated. Make sure battery venting is not obstructed. CAUTION Always make sure the electrical systems are of the same voltage and ground polarity prior to connecting jumper cables. If not, severe electrical damage may occur. 4. Move the vehicle to be used for the jump-start close enough to ensure the jumper cables easily reach; then shift into neutral, set and lock the brakes, shut off all electrical accessories, and turn the ignition switch OFF.  NOTE: Make sure all switches on the vehicle to be jump-started are turned OFF. 5. Disconnect all external accessories such as cell phones, GPS units, and radios on both vehicles. CAUTION Failure to disconnect electronic accessories during jump-starting may cause system damage due to power spikes. 6. Attach one clamp of the positive (red) jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal (1) of the dead battery (C) being careful not to touch any metal with the other clamp; then attach the other clamp of the positive (red) jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal (2) of the good battery (B). 2. Inspect the battery for any signs of electrolyte leaks, loose terminals, or bulging sides. Leaking or bulging battery cases may indicate a frozen or shorted battery. ! WARNING If any of these conditions exist, DO NOT attempt a jump-start, boost, or charge the battery. An explosion 0744-527 could occur causing serious injury.  NOTE: Some jumper cables may 3. Inspect the vehicle to be used for be the same color but the clamps or jump-starting to determine if voltage ends will be color-coded red and and ground polarity are compatible. black. The vehicle must have a 12-volt DC, negative ground electrical system. 59 7. Attach one clamp of the negative Adjust to the recommended gap for (black) jumper cable to the negative proper ignition. Use a wire-type feeler (-) terminal (3) of the good battery gauge to check the gap. (B); then attach the other clamp of the negative (black) jumper cable (4) to an unpainted metal surface (A) on the engine or frame well away from the dead battery and fuel system components. ! WARNING Never make the final connection to a battery as a spark could ignite hydrogen gases causing an explosion of ATV-0052 the battery resulting in acid burns or When installing the spark plug, be sure to blindness. tighten it securely. A new spark plug 8. Stand well away from the dead battery and start the vehicle with the good battery. Allow the vehicle to run for several minutes applying some charge to the dead battery. 9. Start the vehicle with the dead battery and allow it to run for several minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables. should be tightened 1/2 turn once the washer contacts the cylinder head. A used spark plug should be tightened 1/81/4 turn once the washer contacts the cylinder head. Engine Idle RPM Adjustment (400) To properly adjust the idle, a tachometer is necessary. If one is not available, take the 10. Remove the jumper cables in oppo- ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. site order of hook-up (4, 3, 2, 1). Be 1. Start the engine and warm it up to careful not to short cables against normal operating temperature. bare metal. 2. Remove the seat; then turn the idle  NOTE: Have the battery and elecadjustment screw in or out until the trical system checked prior to operengine idles at 1250-1350 RPM. ating the vehicle again. Spark Plug The ATV comes equipped with a specified spark plug. See the Specifications chart for the correct spark plug and the correct gap. A light brown insulator indicates that the plug is correct. A white or dark insulator indicates that the engine may need to be serviced or the carburetor (on the 400) may need to be adjusted. Consult an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer if the plug insulator is not a light brown color. To help prevent cold weather fouling, make sure to thoroughly warm up the engine before operating. To maintain a hot, strong spark, keep the plug free of carbon. Before removing the spark plug, be sure to clean the area around the spark plug. If you do not, dirt could enter engine when removing or installing the spark plug. 60 KC356A ! WARNING Adjust the idle to the correct RPM. Make sure the engine is at normal operating temperature before adjusting the idle RPM. Throttle Cable Adjustment To adjust the throttle cable free-play: 1. Loosen the jam nut from the throttle cable adjuster. 2. Slide the rubber boot away and turn the adjuster until the throttle lever has the proper free-play of 3-6 mm (1/8-1/4 in.). KC0056B 2. Remove the filter housing cover and air filter element. 3. Fill a wash pan larger than the element with a non-flammable solvent; then dip the element in the solvent and wash it. ATV-0047 3. Tighten the knurled nut against the throttle cable adjuster securely; then slide the rubber boot over the adjuster. Air Filter The air filter inside the air filter housing must be kept clean to provide good engine power and gas mileage. If the ATV is used under normal conditions, service the filter at the intervals specified. If operated in dusty, wet, or muddy conditions, inspect and service the filter more frequently. Use the following procedure to remove the filter and inspect and/or clean it. 1. Rotate the three latches to release the filter housing cover; then loosen the inlet boot clamp. 4. Squeeze the element by pressing it between the palms of both hands to remove excess solvent. Do not twist or ring the element or it will develop cracks. 5. Dry the element. 6. Put the element in a plastic bag; then pour in air filter oil and work the oil into the element. 7. Squeeze the element to remove excess oil. CAUTION A torn air filter can cause damage to the ATV engine. Dirt and dust may get inside the engine if the element is torn. Carefully examine the element for tears before and after cleaning it. Replace the element with a new one if it is torn. 8. Clean any dirt or debris from inside the air cleaner. Be sure no dirt enters the carburetor/throttle body. 9. Install the air filter and cover. 10. Connect the inlet boot and tighten the clamp securely. KC0056A 61 5. Install the drain bolt and tighten securely.  NOTE: The V-belt and pulleys should be inspected every 500 miles and the belt replaced (if necessary). Tires KC0056B Air Filter Housing Drain Inspect the “duck bill” drain in front of the main housing for debris and for proper sealing. ! WARNING Always use the size and type of tires as specified. Refer to the Specifications chart for proper tire inflation pressure, and always maintain proper tire inflation pressure. Tire Tread Condition The use of worn-out tires on an ATV is very dangerous. A tire is considered to be worn out when the depth of the tread is less than 3 mm (1/8 in.). Be sure to replace the tires before reaching this minimum specification. KC0056C Draining V-Belt Cover 0732-649 ! WARNING KC0049A The use of worn-out tires is dangerous and can increase the risk of an accident.  NOTE: If the ATV has been driven Tire Replacement through water, the V-belt cover The ATV has low-pressure tubeless tires. must be drained of any water. Air is sealed by the contact surfaces of the inner wheel rim and the tire bead. If 1. Place the ATV on a level surface. either the inner wheel rim or tire bead is 2. Remove the drain bolt from the damaged, air may leak. Be extremely cover and allow the water to drain careful not to damage these areas when out. replacing tires. 3. Shift the range lever to the neutral position; then start the engine. 4. Increase and decrease engine RPM several times to “blow out” any water; then stop the engine. 62 It is very important to use the proper tools when repairing or replacing tires to prevent damage to the tire bead or wheel rims. If proper tools and related items are not available, have this maintenance performed by an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer or a qualified tire repair station. Muffler/Spark Arrester The muffler has a spark arrester which must be periodically cleaned. At the intervals shown in the Maintenance Schedule, clean the spark arrester using the following procedure. CAUTION ! WARNING When breaking the tire bead loose from the wheel, be extremely careful not to damage the inner wheel surface or the tire bead. Wait until the muffler cools to avoid burns. ! WARNING 1. Remove the cap screws securing the spark arrester assembly to the muffler; then remove the spark arrester. Use only Arctic Cat approved tires when replacing tires. Failure to do so could result in unstable ATV operation. Tubeless Tire Repair Should a leak or flat tire occur due to a puncture, the tire may be repaired using a plug-type repair. If the damage is from a KC334A cut or if the puncture cannot be repaired using a plug, the tire must be replaced. 2. Using a suitable brush, clean the carWhen operating the ATV in areas where bon deposits from the screen taking transportation or service facilities are not care not to damage the screen. readily available, it is strongly recom NOTE: If the screen or gasket is mended to carry a plug-type repair kit damaged in any way, it must be and a tire pump along. replaced. Wheels 1. Park the ATV on level ground and engage the brake lever lock. 3. Install the spark arrester assembly and secure with the cap screws. Tighten securely. 2. Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel to Light Bulb Replacement be removed. The wattage rating of each bulb is shown 3. Elevate the ATV. in the chart. When replacing a burned 4. Remove the lug nuts. bulb, always use the same wattage rating. 5. Remove the wheel. 6. Install the wheel and install the lug nuts. 7. Tighten the nuts in a crisscross pattern to 40 ft-lb (steel wheels) or 80 ft-lb (aluminum wheels). Headlight 12V/35W (4) Taillight/Brakelight 12V/5W/21W CAUTION Use only specified bulbs indicated in the chart as replacement bulbs. 8. Remove the jack. 63  NOTE: The bulb portion of the headlight is fragile. HANDLE WITH CARE. When replacing the headlight bulb, do not touch the glass portion of the bulb. If the glass is touched, it must be cleaned with a dry cloth before installing. Skin oil residue on the bulb will shorten the life of the bulb. 1. Position the ATV on a level floor so the headlights are approximately 6.1 m (20 ft) from an aiming surface (wall or similar aiming surface). To replace the headlight bulb, use the following procedure. 1. Remove the wiring harness connector from the back of the headlight. 2. Grasp the bulb housing, turn it counATV-0070 terclockwise, and remove the bulb.  NOTE: There should be an aver3. Install the new bulb into the housing age operating load on the ATV when adjusting the headlight aim. and rotate it completely clockwise. 4. Install the wiring harness connector. CAUTION When replacing the headlight bulb, be careful not to touch the glass portion of the bulb. Grasp the new bulb with a clean cloth. To replace the taillight/brakelight bulb, use the following procedure. 1. Rotate the socket counterclockwise and remove it from the housing. 2. To remove the bulb from the socket, push in and rotate counterclockwise. 3. To install the bulb, push in and turn clockwise. 4. Insert the socket into the housing and rotate it clockwise. To replace the running lights, use the following procedure. 1. Pull the bulb socket from the running light housing and remove the bulb by pulling it from the socket. 2. Measure the distance from the floor to the mid-point of each headlight. 3. Using the measurements obtained in step 2, make horizontal marks on the aiming surface. 4. Make vertical marks which intersect the horizontal marks on the aiming surface directly in front of the headlights. 5. Switch on the lights. Make sure the HIGH beam is on. DO NOT USE LOW BEAM. 6. Observe each headlight beam aim. Proper aim is when the most intense beam is centered on the vertical mark 5 cm (2 in.) below the horizontal mark on the aiming surface. 7. Adjust each headlight until correct aim is obtained by turning the adjuster clockwise to lower or counterclockwise to raise the beam. 2. Push a new bulb into the socket and press the socket into the running light housing. Checking/Adjusting Headlight Aim The headlights can be adjusted vertically and horizontally. The geometric center of the HIGH beam light zone is to be used for vertical and horizontal aiming. 64 KC0108A Fuses The fuses are located in a power distribution module in front of the steering post under the electrical access panel. If there is any type of electrical system failure, always check the fuses first. CAUTION Always replace a blown fuse with a fuse of the same type and rating. If the new fuse blows after a short period of use, consult an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer immediately.  NOTE: To remove the fuse, compress the locking tabs on either Tools side of the fuse cover and lift out. A basic tool kit is provided with the ATV. Maintain the tool kit with the ATV at all 400 times. 2411-565 450 KC0042B 2411-566 65 Preparation for Storage CAUTION Prior to storing the ATV, it must be properly serviced to prevent rusting and component deterioration. Arctic Cat recommends the following procedure to prepare the ATV for storage. An authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer should perform this service; however, the owner/operator may perform this service if desired. 1. Clean the seat cushion (cover and base) with a damp cloth and allow to dry. 2. Clean the ATV thoroughly by washing dirt, oil, grass, and other foreign matter from the entire ATV. Allow the ATV to dry thoroughly. DO NOT get water into any part of the engine or air intake. 3. Either drain the gas tank or add a fuel stabilizer to the gas in the gas tank. Remove the air filter housing cover and air filter. Start the engine and allow it to idle; then using Arctic Cat Engine Preserver, rapidly inject the preserver into the air filter opening for a period of 10 to 20 seconds. Install the air filter and housing cover. CAUTION If the interior of the air filter housing is dirty, clean the area before starting the engine. 66 4. On the 400, drain the carburetor float bowl and turn off the fuel valve (located on the right side of the gas tank). 5. Plug the hole in the exhaust system with a clean cloth. 6. Apply light oil to the upper steering post bushing and plungers of the shock absorbers. 7. Tighten all nuts, bolts, cap screws, and screws. Make sure rivets holding components together are tight. Replace all loose rivets. Care must be taken that all calibrated nuts, cap screws, and bolts are tightened to specifications. 8. On the 450, fill the cooling system to the bottom of the stand pipe in the radiator neck with properly mixed coolant.  NOTE: For storage, use a battery maintainer or make sure the battery is fully charged (see Battery section in this manual). 9. Disconnect the battery cables (negative cable first); then remove the battery, clean the battery posts and cables, and store in a clean, dry area. 10. Store the ATV indoors in a level position. CAUTION Avoid storing outside in direct sunlight and avoid using a plastic cover as moisture will collect on the ATV causing rusting. Preparation after Storage Taking the ATV out of storage and correctly preparing it will assure many miles and hours of trouble-free riding. Arctic Cat recommends the following procedure to prepare the ATV. 1. Clean the ATV thoroughly. 2. Clean the engine. Remove the cloth from the exhaust system. 3. Check all control wires and cables for signs of wear or fraying. Replace if necessary. 4. Change the engine/transmission oil and filter. 5. On the 425, check the coolant level and add properly mixed coolant as necessary. 6. Charge the battery; then install. Connect the battery cables making sure to connect the positive cable first. 7. Check the entire brake systems (fluid level, pads, etc.), all controls, headlights, taillight, brakelight, and headlight aim; adjust or replace if necessary. 8. Check the tire pressure. Inflate to recommended pressure as necessary. 9. Tighten all nuts, bolts, cap screws, and screws making sure all calibrated nuts, cap screws, and bolts are tightened to specifications. 10. Make sure the steering moves freely and does not bind. 11. Check the spark plug. Clean or replace as necessary. 12. Follow the recommendations found in the pre-start inspection. CAUTION Before installing the battery, make sure the ignition switch is in the OFF position. 67 Limited Warranty Arctic Cat Inc. (hereinafter referred to as Arctic Cat) extends a limited warranty as described below on each new Arctic Cat ATV it assembles and on each genuine Arctic Cat ATV part and accessory assembled and sold by an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. The limited warranty on an Arctic Cat ATV is extended to the original retail purchaser for the time periods described below; however, the balance of the remaining warranty may be transferred to another party unless the purchase is for commercial use (see below). Warranty coverage is only available in the country in which the original retail purchase occurs to the original retail purchaser resident in that country or to a transferee resident in that country of the balance of the remaining warranty. Arctic Cat warrants only the products it assembles and/or sells and does not warrant that other products will function properly when used with an Arctic Cat ATV or will not damage the ATV. Arctic Cat does not assume any liability for incidental or consequential damages. Arctic Cat will repair or replace, at its option, free of charge (including any related labor charges), any parts that are found to be warrantable in material or workmanship. This repair work MUST be done by an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. No transportation charges, rental charges, or inconvenience costs will be paid by Arctic Cat. The warranty is validated upon examination of said parts by Arctic Cat or an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. Arctic Cat reserves the right to inspect such parts at its factory for final determination if warranty should apply. The warranty periods are as follows: 1. Six months from the date of sale — for an Arctic Cat ATV used for recreational purposes. 2. Ninety days from date of invoice — for an Arctic Cat ATV used for commercial purposes, including rental operations (non-transferable). 3. Thirty days from date of sale of ATV on Arctic Cat supplied batteries. Exclusions to this warranty include normal wear, abuse, or corrosion and the following parts and items: Tires CV Boots Oil Filter Drive Belt Air Filter Brake Pads Light Bulbs Spark Plug(s) The following will VOID Arctic Cat’s warranty: Torn or Punctured Upholstery Cracks or Gouges in Body Panels Drive/Driven Clutch Wear Parts 1. Failure to perform the proper break-in procedure and all related maintenance, storage procedures (if stored for extended periods), and/or service as recommended in the Operator’s Manual. 2. Repairs and/or adjustments by anyone other than an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. 3. Use of improper carburetor jets. 4. Use of improper gasoline, lubricating oils, or spark plug(s). 5. An accident or subjecting the ATV to misuse, abuse, or negligent operation. 6. Any modification, addition, or removal of parts unless instructed to do so by Arctic Cat. 7. Use of the ATV in any way for racing purposes. 8. Removal of the engine for use in another vehicle. 9. Removal or mutilation of the Vehicle Identification Number or Engine Serial Number. 10. Use of parts not sold or approved by Arctic Cat. 11. Damage due to improper transportation. Arctic Cat shall not be responsible for and this limited warranty excludes recovery of economic, punitive, consequential and incidental damages, lost profits, and loss of use. Some states or provinces do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation may not apply to you. Arctic Cat’s aggregate liability may not exceed the price of the product. The law of the State of Minnesota shall apply to all claims or disputes, exclusive of its conflicts of law provisions. IMPLIED WARRANTY EXCLUSION AND DISCLAIMER To the fullest extent permitted by law, Arctic Cat excludes and disclaims all implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. If you are not satisfied with warranty service or repairs, you should contact Arctic Cat at (U.S.) 1-218-681-9851 or (Canada) 1-204-982-1656. 68 Warranty Procedure/Owner Responsibility At the time of sale, an ATV Rider Training Certificate and Owner Registration form is to be completed by the selling dealer and consumer. The receipt of the form by Arctic Cat is a condition precedent to warranty coverage. It is the selling dealer’s responsibility to retain and/or submit appropriate copies of the form to the appropriate place(s) to initiate warranty coverage. The dealer will furnish to the consumer a signed copy of the form which must be presented to the dealer when requesting warranty service. The registration form is the consumer’s proof of ownership and warranty eligibility. The form is used by the dealer to validate the warranty claim. Retain your copy of the form and keep it in a safe place. When warranty repair is suspected, the ATV should be taken to the selling dealer, who has the primary responsibility to perform warranty repairs. Subject to the limitations set forth in the Limited Warranty, in the event the selling dealer has ceased to do business, you have moved, or you are in a location away from your selling dealer, warranty may be performed by any authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. The authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer will examine the ATV or part to determine if, in his opinion, a warrantable condition exists. If a warrantable condition appears to exist, the dealer will repair or replace, at Arctic Cat’s option, free of charge, including any related labor costs, all parts that are found to be warrantable and any other parts which the warrantable part caused to be damaged. You, the owner, will then be asked to sign a warranty form to ensure Arctic Cat that the warranty work was actually performed. It is the owner’s responsibility to maintain and service the ATV in accordance with Arctic Cat’s recommendations in the Operator’s Manual. To protect yourself and your ATV, follow all safety and service tips. Arctic Cat will NOT warrant repairs required as a result of not performing standard operator maintenance, storage procedures, and service as outlined in the Operator’s Manual. Should you have any questions concerning the warranty, contact an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. 69 Arctic Cat Emission Control System Limited Warranty Arctic Cat Inc., P.O. Box 810, Thief River Falls, MN 56701 (hereinafter referred to as Arctic Cat) warrants that this new Arctic Cat ATV manufactured on or after January 1st, 1997: A. Is designed, built, and equipped so as to conform at the time of initial purchase with all applicable regulations of the California Air Resources Board and B. Is free from defects in material and workmanship which could cause such ATV to fail to conform with applicable regulations of the California Air Resources Board for a period of use of two (2) years from the date of initial retail delivery. Coverage Warranty defects shall be remedied during customary business hours at any authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer located within the state of California in compliance with applicable regulations of the California Air Resources Board. Any component or components replaced under this warranty shall become the property of Arctic Cat. In California, emission related warranted components are specifically defined by the state’s Emission Warranty Parts List. These warranted components are carburetor and internal components, intake manifold, fuel injection system, spark advance mechanism, crankcase breather, air cutoff valve, fuel/vapor separator, canister, igniters, breaker governors, ignition coils, ignition wires, ignition points, condensers and spark plugs if failure occurs prior to the first scheduled replacement, and hoses, clamps, and fittings used directly in these parts. Since emission related components may vary from model to model, certain models may not contain all of these components, and certain models may contain functionally equivalent components. In California, emission control system emergency repairs, as provided for in the California Administrative Code, may also be performed by other than an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. An emergency situation occurs when an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer is not reasonably available, a component is not available within thirty (30) days, or a repair is not complete within thirty (30) days. Any replacement component can be used in an emergency repair. Arctic Cat will reimburse the owner for the expenses, including diagnosis, not to exceed suggested retail price as set forth by Arctic Cat for all warranted components replaced and labor charges based on the recommended time allowance set forth by Arctic Cat for the warranty repair and the geographically appropriate hourly labor rate. The owner may be required to keep receipts and failed components in order to receive compensation. Limitations This Emission Control System Warranty shall not cover any of the following: A. Repair or replacement required as a result of (1) accident, (2) misuse, (3) lack of required maintenance, (4) repairs improperly performed or replacements improperly installed, (5) use of replacement components or accessories not conforming to Arctic Cat specifications which adversely affect performance, and/or (6) use in competitive racing or related events. B. Inspections, replacement of components, and other services or adjustments necessary for required maintenance. Limited Liability The liability of Arctic Cat under this Emission Control System Warranty is limited solely to the remedying of defects in material and workmanship by an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer at its place of business during customary business hours. This warranty does not cover inconvenience or loss of use of the ATV or transportation of the ATV to or from the Arctic Cat ATV dealer. ARCTIC CAT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY OTHER EXPENSES, LOSS, OR DAMAGE, WHETHER DIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR EXEMPLARY, ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THE SALE OR USE OF, OR INABILITY TO USE THE ARCTIC CAT ATV FOR ANY PURPOSE. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. NO EXPRESS EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY ARCTIC CAT EXCEPT AS SPECIFICALLY SET FORTH HEREIN. ANY EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY IMPLIED BY LAW, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANT-ABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IS LIMITED TO THE EXPRESS EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY TERMS STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. THE FOREGOING STATEMENTS OF WARRANTY ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER REMEDIES. No dealer is authorized to modify this Arctic Cat Inc. Limited Emission Control System Warranty. Legal Rights THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. THIS WARRANTY IS IN ADDITION TO THE ARCTIC CAT INC. LIMITED ATV WARRANTY. Additional Information Any replacement component that is equivalent in performance and durability may be used in the performance of any maintenance or repairs. However, Arctic Cat is not liable for these components. The owner is responsible for the performance of all required maintenance. Such maintenance may be performed at a service establishment or by any individual. The warranty period begins on the date the ATV is delivered to the owner. 70 U.S. EPA Emission Control Statement/ Warranty Coverage - ATV (U.S. Only) Statement/Warranty Arctic Cat warrants to the original retail purchaser, and each subsequent purchaser, that all U.S. EPA-certified Arctic Cat ATV’s are designed, built, and equipped to conform to all U.S. EPA Emission Control Regulations. Please read the following information completely. Your authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer will repair or replace any defective emission-related component at no cost to you during the warranty period. You may have non-warranty service performed by any repair establishment that uses equivalent components. The regulations provide significant civil penalties for tampering that causes your ATV to no longer meet U.S. EPA emission standards. Arctic Cat further warrants that the engine and its emission-related components are free from defects in materials or workmanship that could cause the engine to fail to comply with applicable regulations during the warranty period. If you have any questions about this information, or the emission warranty coverage statement, contact your local authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. Warranty Period The emission warranty period for this ATV begins on the same date as the standard warranty coverage and continues for 30 months or 3100 miles, whichever comes first. Components Covered The emissions warranty covers major emissions control components and emissionrelated components listed as follows: Engine Management and Sensors Fuel/Air System Barometric Pressure Sensor Camshaft Position Sensor Engine Control Module (ECM) Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Intake Air Temperature Sensor Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor Oxygen Sensor Throttle Position Sensor Crankshaft Position Sensor Exhaust Temperature Sensor Crankshaft Position Sensor Fuel Injectors Fuel Pressure Regulator Fuel Pump Carburetor(s) Turbocharger Assembly Air Bypass Valve Turbo Waste Gate Control Valve Crankcase Ventilation System ISC Valve Ignition System Ignition Coil Knock Sensor System Spark Plugs Capacitive Discharge Ignition (CDI) Module Magneto Pick-Up Miscellaneous Items Used in Aforementioned Systems Connectors Switches Grommets Clamps Hoses Ties Gaskets Wiring Owner’s Responsibilities The owner of any ATV warranted under this Arctic Cat Emission Control Statement is responsible for the proper maintenance and use of the ATV as stated in the Operator's Manual. Proper maintenance generally includes replacement and service, at the owner's choosing, such items as air filter, oil and oil filter, or any other part, item, or device related to emissions control as specified in the Operator's Manual. It is the owner's responsibility to ensure that the ATV is used in a manner for which it was designed. 71 Arctic Cat ATV Emission Control Warranty Statement Warranty Rights and Obligations Arctic Cat Inc. (hereinafter referred to as Arctic Cat) and the California Air Resources Board are pleased to explain the emission control system warranty for each new Arctic Cat ATV sold in the state of California. In California, a new ATV must be designed, built, and equipped to meet the state’s stringent anti-smog standards. Arctic Cat warrants the emission control system on the Arctic Cat ATV for the periods listed below provided there has been no abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance of the ATV. The emission control system may include components such as the carburetor, ignition system, and crankcase ventilation system. Also included may be hoses, belts, connectors, and other emission-related assemblies. When a warrantable condition exists, Arctic Cat will repair the ATV at no cost to the owner, including diagnosis, parts, and labor. Emission Control Warranty Coverage A new Arctic Cat ATV manufactured after January 1, 1997 has a two (2) year warranty on its emissions control components. If an emission-related component on the ATV is defective, the component will be repaired or replaced by any authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer. Owner’s Emission Control Warranty Responsibilities It is the owner’s responsibility to perform the required maintenance listed in the Operator’s Manual. Arctic Cat recommends the retention of all receipts covering maintenance performed on the ATV, but Arctic Cat cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of receipts or for failure to ensure the performance of all scheduled maintenance on the emission control system. It is the owner’s responsibility to present the ATV to an authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer as soon as a problem exists. The undisputed warranty repairs should be completed within a reasonable period of time, not to exceed thirty days. The ATV owner should be aware that Arctic Cat may deny warranty coverage if either the ATV or a component has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or any unapproved modifications. If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, contact either Arctic Cat Inc, P.O. Box 810, Thief River Falls, MN 56701, (218) 681-4999 or the California Air Resources Board, 9528 Telstar Avenue, El Monte, CA 91731, (818) 5756800. 72 Change of Address, Ownership, or Warranty Transfer Arctic Cat Inc. keeps on file the current name and address of the owner of this vehicle. This allows Arctic Cat to reach the current owner with any important safety information which may be necessary to protect customers from personal injury or property damage. Please make sure a copy of this form is completed and returned to Arctic Cat Inc. if you move or if the vehicle is sold to another party. This form may also be used to transfer the unused portion of the original warranty to a second party. In order to transfer warranty, fill out this form completely; then return a copy of this form to Arctic Cat Inc. Arctic Cat will then process the application and issue warranty for the balance of the time remaining of the original warranty. Warranty coverage is only available in the country in which the original retail purchase occurs to the original retail purchaser resident in that country or to a transferee resident in that country of the balance of the remaining warranty.    Address Change Ownership Change Warranty Transfer CHANGE OF ADDRESS/OWNERSHIP/ WARRANTY TRANSFER TO: Name _________________________________________ Address _______________________________________ City/State (Province)/Zip Code (Postal Code)___________ Phone # ( ) ___________________________________ Email __________________________________________ Year and Model _________________________________ Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) __________________ Before operating, you should take an ATV Rider Course to learn ATV riding skills or reinforce your current good riding skills. In U.S.A., call 1-800-887-2887 to enroll in the half-day ATV Rider Course nearest you or ask your dealer for assistance. The course instructor will charge a small fee for each person taking the course. In Canada, call (613) 739-1535. 73 Fold Back Place Stamp Here CHANGE OF ADDRESS/OWNERSHIP ARCTIC CAT INC. PRODUCT SERVICE AND WARRANTY DEPT. P.O. BOX 810 THIEF RIVER FALLS, MN 56701 Maintenance Record DATE MILEAGE SERVICE PERFORMED/NOTES 75 Declaration Of Conformity Application of council directives: EMC Directive 97/24/EC Date of Issue: June, 1997 EC Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Date of Issue: May, 2006 Issued by European Commission. Type of Equipment: All-Terrain Vehicles Brand Name: Arctic Cat Model: 400 4x4 450 4x4 Standards to which conformity is declared: Manufacturer (if not issuing agent): EN 61000-6-2:2005 EN 55012:2007 Arctic Cat Inc. 601 Brooks Ave S. Thief River Falls, MN 56701 USA I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the directive(s) and standard(s) as specified. Brad Darling Vice President/General Manager 76 Identification Numbers Record 1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: The key identification number is stamped on the key as shown in the illustration. Record this number in the space provided for reference if you ever need a new key. 2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 3. ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER: Record the Vehicle Identification Number and Engine Serial Number in the spaces provided to assist you in ordering parts from your authorized Arctic Cat ATV dealer or for reference in case the ATV is stolen. ! WARNING Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH ALWAYS USE NEVER USE AN APPROVED ON PUBLIC HELMET AND ROADS PROTECTIVE GEAR NEVER CARRY NEVER USE PASSENGERS WITH DRUGS OR ALCOHOL NEVER operate: • without proper training or instruction • at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions • on public roads - a collision can occur with another vehicle • with a passenger - passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk of losing control ALWAYS: • use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on hills and rough terrain and in turns • avoid paved surfaces - pavement may seriously affect handling and control LOCATE AND READ OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS ©2014 Arctic Cat Inc. ®™ Trademarks of Arctic Cat Inc., Thief River Falls, MN 56701 (218) 681-9851 - U.S. (204) 982-1656 - Canada p/n 2260-284