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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
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VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
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Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
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Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
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DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Summary of Content
READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY! It contains important safety information. OWNER’S MANUAL w YFS200P This ATV should not be ridden by anyone under 16 years of age. LIT-11626-15-05 5KJ-28199-12 EBU00007 INTRODUCTION Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YFS200. It represents the result of many years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields. This manual will provide you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this machine. This manual includes important safety information. It provides information about special techniques and skills necessary to ride your machine. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions regarding the operation or maintenance of your machine, please consult a Yamaha dealer. AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE: 8 READ THIS MANUAL TOGETHER WITH TIPS FOR THE ATV RIDER CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR MACHINE. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ALL INSTRUCTIONS. 8 PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS ON THE MACHINE. 8 NEVER OPERATE AN ATV WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING OR INSTRUCTION. FREE TRAINING IS AVAILABLE TO ANYONE WHO BUYS A NEW ATV. CALL 1-800-887-2887 FOR MORE INFORMATION. 8 THIS ATV, AND ANY OTHER ATV OVER 90cc, SHOULD NOT BE RIDDEN BY ANYONE UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE. 8 THIS ATV IS A HIGH PERFORMANCE ATV FOR OFF-ROAD USE ONLY, FOR SPORT TYPE RECREATIONAL AND COMPETITIVE USE BY EXPERIENCED OPERATORS. EBU00801 IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations: Q w cC NOTE: The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED! Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the machine operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the machine. A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the machine. A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer. EBU00011 IMPORTANT NOTICE This machine is designed and manufactured for OFF-ROAD use only. It is illegal and unsafe to operate this machine on any public street, road or highway. This machine complies with all applicable OFF-ROAD noise level and spark arrester laws and regulations in effect at the time of manufacture. Please check your local riding laws and regulations before operating this machine. EBU00711 AFFIX DEALER LABEL HERE YFS200P OWNER’S MANUAL ©2001 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 1st Edition, March 2001 All rights reserved. Any reprinting or unauthorized use without the written permission of Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. is expressly prohibited. Printed in Japan. P/N LIT-11626-15-05 EBU00014 w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. CONTENTS 1 LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND SPECIFICATION LABELS .......................1-1 2 SAFETY INFORMATION .........................2-1 3 DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION.....................................3-1 Identification number records ...............3-2 Key identification number .....................3-2 Vehicle identification number ...............3-3 Model label ...........................................3-3 4 CONTROL FUNCTIONS..........................4-1 Main switch...........................................4-1 Indicator lights ......................................4-1 Oil level warning light checking method ...............................................4-2 Handlebar switches ..............................4-3 Throttle lever ........................................4-4 Throttle OverRide System ....................4-5 Speed limiter ........................................4-6 Clutch lever ..........................................4-7 Front brake lever ..................................4-7 Rear brake pedal ..................................4-8 Parking brake .......................................4-8 Shift pedal ..........................................4-10 Kick starter .........................................4-10 Fuel tank cap ......................................4-11 Fuel cock ............................................4-11 Starter (choke)....................................4-12 Seat ....................................................4-12 Front shock absorber adjustment ........................................4-14 Rear shock absorber adjustment ........................................4-15 5 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ...................5-1 Front and rear brakes ...........................5-2 Fuel ......................................................5-3 Engine oil.............................................5-5 Transmission oil ...................................5-5 Chain ....................................................5-6 Throttle lever ........................................5-6 Fittings and fasteners ...........................5-6 Lights ....................................................5-6 Switches ...............................................5-6 Tires .....................................................5-7 How to measure tire pressure ..............5-8 Tire wear limit .......................................5-9 6 OPERATION ............................................6-1 Starting a cold engine ...........................6-1 Starting a warm engine ........................6-3 Warming up ..........................................6-3 Shifting .................................................6-4 To start out and accelerate...................6-5 To decelerate .......................................6-6 Engine break-in ....................................6-7 Parking .................................................6-8 Parking on a slope................................6-9 Accessories and loading ....................6-10 7 RIDING YOUR ATV .................................7-1 Getting to know your ATV .....................7-3 Ride with care and good judgement...........................................7-4 Be careful where you ride...................7-16 Turning your ATV ...............................7-23 Climbing uphill ....................................7-25 Riding downhill ...................................7-30 Crossing a slope.................................7-32 Crossing through shallow water .........7-34 Riding over rough terrain ....................7-36 Sliding and skidding ...........................7-38 What to do if... ...................................7-40 What to do... ......................................7-40 8 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT .........................................8-1 Owner’s manual and tool kit .................8-1 Periodic maintenance/Lubrication ........8-3 Transmission oil ...................................8-5 Spark plug inspection ...........................8-7 Air filter cleaning ...................................8-8 Spark arrester cleaning ......................8-11 Carburetor settings .............................8-13 Idle speed adjustment ........................8-18 Throttle lever adjustment ....................8-19 Front brake shoe inspection ...............8-20 Rear brake pad inspection .................8-20 Front brake lever free play adjustment ........................................8-21 Parking brake adjustment...................8-23 Adjusting the rear brake light switch...8-24 Clutch adjustment...............................8-25 Autolube pump adjustment.................8-25 Drive chain slack check ......................8-26 Drive chain slack adjustment..............8-26 Lubricating the drive chain .................8-27 Cable inspection and lubrication ........8-29 Brake and shift pedal/brake and clutch lever lubrication ......................8-29 Upper arm and lower arm pivot lubrication .........................................8-29 Steering shaft lubrication ....................8-30 Wheel removal ...................................8-31 Wheel installation ...............................8-31 Replacing the headlight bulb ..............8-32 Headlight beam adjustment................8-34 Tail/brake light bulb replacement .......8-34 Troubleshooting..................................8-35 Troubleshooting chart.........................8-37 No spark .............................................8-38 9 CLEANING AND STORAGE....................9-1 A. Cleaning ...........................................9-1 B. Storage ............................................9-3 10 SPECIFICATIONS .................................10-1 11 NOISE REGULATION............................11-1 12 MAINTENANCE RECORD ....................12-1 13 ATV LIMITED WARRANTY ...................13-1 14 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)...................................................14-1 EBU00464 LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND SPECIFICATION LABELS q t r e w 1-1 w Read and understand all of the labels on your machine. They contain important information for safe and proper operation of your ATV. qWARNING NEVER ride as a passenger. Never remove any labels from your ATV. If a label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label is available from your Yamaha dealer. q 1 Passengers can cause a loss of control, resulting in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH. e 5FE-21697-01 5FE-2151H-01 3JM-21696-41 1-2 r t qWARNING This unit contains high pressure nitrogen gas. Mishandling can cause explosion. 8 Read owner’s manual for instructions. 8 Do not incinerate, puncture or open. 4AA-22259-80 5FE-21568-01 1-3 EBU00927 q SAFETY INFORMATION AN ATV IS NOT A TOY AND CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. An ATV handles differently from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and riding on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions. SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions: 8 Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described. 8 Never operate an ATV without proper training or instruction. Take a Training Course. Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887 to find out about the training courses nearest you. 8 Always follow these age recommendation: –A child under 16 years old should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc. 8 Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision, and never allow continued use of an ATV by a child if he or she does not have the abilities to operate it safely. 8 Never carry a passenger on an ATV. 2-1 2 8 Always avoid operating an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets. 8 Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. 8 Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You should also wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants. 8 Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV. 8 Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience. 8 Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts. 8 Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual. 8 Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footpegs of the ATV during operation. 8 Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. 2-2 8 Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain. 8 Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed. 8 Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills. 8 Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go over the top of a hill at high speed. 8 Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. 8 Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique described in this manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. 2-3 8 Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, use proper gear and maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Dismount on the uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in this manual. 8 Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual. 8 Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. 8 Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that recommended in this manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings. 8 Always use the size and type tires specified in this manual. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual. 8 Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. 2-4 8 Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Products Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or the ATV Distributor's Safety Hotline at 1-800-852-5344. 2-5 qWARNING When transporting the machine in another vehicle, be sure it is kept upright and that the fuel cock is in the “OFF” position. Otherwise, fuel may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank. POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper handling of gasoline. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Gasoline can catch fire and you could be burned. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injuries. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always turn off the engine when refueling. Do not refuel right after the engine has been running and is still very hot. Do not spill gasoline on the engine or exhaust pipe/muffler when refueling. Never refuel while smoking, or while in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights of water heaters and clothes dryers. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD If you should swallow some gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline in your eyes, see your doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on your skin, wash with soap and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing, change your clothes. 2-6 qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Starting or running the engine in a closed area. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of consciousness and death within a short time. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always operate your machine in an area with adequate ventilation. 2-7 EBU00032 DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION q w e i o !0 !1 !2 !3 !4 r u yt !6 !7 @1 !8 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. !9 Spark arrester Seat Fuel tank cap Headlight Brake pedal Rear brake light switch Kick starter Front shock absorber Front wheel Fuel cock Starter (choke) !5 12. Rear shock absorber 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Tail/brake light Rear wheel Shift pedal Clutch lever Main switch Parking brake Front brake lever Throttle lever Handlebar switch NOTE: @0 3-1 The machine you have purchased may differ slightly from those shown in the figures of this manual. EBU00600 EBU00035 Identification number records Record the key identification number, vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen. 1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: Key identification number The key identification number is stamped on the key as shown in the following illustration. This number can be used for ordering a new key. q 2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 1. Key identification number 3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION: 1 6 3-2 3 EBU00036 EBU00038 Vehicle identification number The vehicle identification number is stamped into the frame. Model label The model label is affixed to the frame. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will be needed to order spare parts from your Yamaha dealer. q q 1. Vehicle identification number 1. Model label NOTE: The vehicle identification number is used to identify your machine. 3-3 EBU00039 EBU00043 Indicator lights CONTROL FUNCTIONS EBU00756 w Oil level warning light “OIL” This light comes on when the oil level is low. The light circuit can be checked by the following procedure. Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. EBU00041 cC Main switch Functions of the respective switch positions are as follows: Always make sure there is enough engine oil before starting the engine. ON: Engine can be started only at this position and the headlight and taillight come on when the light switch is on. w OFF ON OFF: All electrical circuits are switched off. The key can be removed in this position. 4-1 1. Main switch q 2. Oil level warning light “OIL” 4 EBU00757 Oil level warning light checking method Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “RUN”. Start the engine. Oil level warning light does not come on (see NOTE). Oil level warning light comes on. Wait a few seconds. The oil level warning light goes off. Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the electrical circuit. NOTE: Engine oil level and electrical circuit are OK. If the main switch is turned off after the oil level warning light goes off and the engine is immediately started again, the oil level warning light may not come on. This does not indicate a circuit failure. 4-2 The oil level warning light stays on. Supply engine oil. EBU00053 EBU00736 Handlebar switches Light switch “LIGHTS” Turn the switch to the “LO” position to switch on the low beam and the taillight. Turn the switch to the “HI” position to switch on the high beam and the taillight. Turn the switch to the “OFF” position to switch off the headlight and the taillight. EBU00054 Engine stop switch “ENG. STOP” Make sure that the engine stop switch is in the “RUN” position. The engine stop switch controls ignition and can be used at all times to stop the engine, especially in an emergency. The engine will not start or run when the engine stop switch is turned to “OFF”. NOTE: The headlight and the taillight can be turned on only when the engine is started. q w 1. Lights switch “LIGHTS” 2. Engine stop switch “ENG. STOP” 4-3 EBU00062 Throttle lever Once the engine is running, movement of the throttle lever will increase the engine speed. Regulate the speed of the machine by varying the throttle position. Because the throttle is spring-loaded, the machine will decelerate, and the engine will return to an idle any time the hand is removed from the throttle lever. Before starting the engine, check the throttle to be sure it is operating smoothly. Make sure it returns to the idle position as soon as the lever is released. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Malfunction of throttle. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The throttle could be hard to operate, making it difficult to speed up or slow down when you need to. This could cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Check the operation of the throttle lever before you start the engine. If it does not work smoothly, check for the cause. Correct the problem before riding the ATV. Consult a Yamaha dealer if you can’t find or solve the problem yourself. q 1. Throttle lever 4-4 EBU00064 Throttle OverRide System If during operation, the carburetor or the throttle cable should malfunction and will not close fully, take your thumb off the throttle lever.The throttle override system immediately cuts off the ignition. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Continuing to ride the ATV after the Throttle OverRide System (T.O.R.S.) has stopped the engine. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Riding with a malfunction increases the chance for an accident and injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Make sure that the cause of the malfunction is corrected before restarting the engine. You should have the ATV inspected by a Yamaha dealer. 4-5 EBU00066 qWARNING Speed limiter The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully opening, even when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum. Screwing in the adjuster limits the maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum speed of the ATV. a q POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper adjustment of the speed limiter and throttle. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The throttle cable could be damaged. Improper throttle operation could result. You could lose control, have an accident or be injured. w HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not turn the speed adjuster out more than 12 mm (0.47 in). Always make sure the throttle lever free play is adjusted to 4 ~ 6 mm (0.16 ~ 0.24 in). See page 8-19. 1. Locknut 2. Adjuster a. 12 mm (0.47 in) 4-6 EBU00068 EBU00070 Clutch lever The clutch lever is located on the left handlebar. Pull the clutch lever to the handlebar to disengage the clutch, and release the lever to engage the clutch. The lever should be pulled rapidly and released slowly for smooth clutch operation. Front brake lever The front brake lever is located on the right handlebar. Pull it toward the handlebar to apply the front brake. q q 1. Front brake lever 1. Clutch lever 4-7 EBU00071 EBU00076 Rear brake pedal The brake pedal is located on the right side of the machine. Push down on the pedal to apply the rear brake. Parking brake Use the parking brake when you have to start the engine or park the machine, especially on a slope. Apply the front brake lever while pushing the button, then push down the lock plate to apply the parking brake. Squeeze the front brake lever to release the parking brake. q 1. Rear brake pedal q 1. Button 4-8 w 2. Lock plate qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper use of the parking brake. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could start moving unexpectedly if the parking brake is not applied before starting the engine. This could cause loss of control or a collision. The brake disc could overheat if you ride the ATV without releasing the parking brake. You could lose braking performance which could cause an accident. You could also wear out the brakes prematurely. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always set the parking brake before starting the engine. Always be sure you have released the parking brake before you begin to ride. 4-9 EBU00082 EBU00089 Shift pedal This machine is equipped with a constant-mesh 6-speed transmission. The shift pedal is located on the left side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch when shifting. Kick starter Rotate the kick starter away from the engine. Push the starter down lightly with your foot until the gears engage, then kick smoothly and forcefully to start the engine. This model has a primary-coupled kick starter so the engine can be started in any gear if the clutch is disengaged. However, shifting to neutral before starting is recommended. 6 5 4 3 2 N 1 q q 1. Shift pedal N. Neutral 1. Kick starter 4-10 EBU00092 Fuel tank cap Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise. OFF: With the lever in this position fuel will not flow. Always turn the lever to this position when the engine is not running. ON: With the lever in this position, fuel flows to the carburetor. Normal riding is done with the lever in this position. RES: This indicates reserve. If you run out of fuel while riding, turn the lever to this position. THEN FILL THE FUEL TANK AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. After refuelling, return the fuel cock lever to the “ON” position. q RES 1. Fuel tank cap EBU00093 Fuel cock The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetor. The fuel cock has three positions. OFF ON 4-11 EBU00094 EBU00567 Starter (choke) Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this mixture. Move in direction a to turn on the starter (choke). Move in direction b to turn off the starter (choke). Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See page 6-1.) Seat To remove the seat, pull the seat lock lever upward and pull up the seat at the rear. q b 1. Seat lock lever a q 1. Starter (choke) 4-12 To install the seat, insert the projections on the front of the seat into the seat holders and push down on the seat at the rear. NOTE: Make sure that the seat is securely fitted. 4-13 EBU00635 Front shock absorber adjustment The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider’s weight and riding conditions. Adjust the spring preload as follows: To increase the spring preload, turn the adjuster in direction a. To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjuster in direction b. Standard position: B A – Minimum (Soft) E – Maximum (Hard) qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper shock absorber adjustment. WHAT CAN HAPPEN a Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and loss of stability, which could lead to an accident. q HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD b Always adjust the shock absorbers on the left and right side to the same setting. 1. Adjuster a. Increase spring preload b. Decrease spring preload 4-14 cC EBU00636 Rear shock absorber adjustment The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider’s weight and riding conditions. Adjust the spring preload as follows: 1. Loosen the locknut. 2. To increase the spring preload, turn the adjuster in direction a. To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjuster in direction b. b Never attempt to turn the adjuster beyond the maximum or minimum setting. 3. The length of the spring changes 1 mm (0.04 in) per turn of the adjuster. Standard length: 230 mm (9.1 in) Minimum length (Hard): 222 mm (8.7 in) Maximum length (Soft): 234 mm (9.2 in) a a q w 1. Adjuster a. Increase spring preload 2. Locknut b. Decrease spring preload a. Spring length 4-15 qWARNING 4. Tighten the locknut to the specified torque. POTENTIAL HAZARD Tightening torque: 55 Nm (5.5 m0kg, 40 ft0lb) This shock absorber contains highly pressurized nitrogen gas. cC WHAT CAN HAPPEN Always tighten the locknut to the specified torque. The shock absorber could explode, causing injury or property damage. Cylinder damage could also result in poor handling which could cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. Do not tamper with or attempt to open the cylinder assembly. 2. Do not subject the shock absorber to an open flame or other high heat. 3. Do not deform or damage the cylinder in any way. 4. Do not dispose of a damaged or worn out shock absorber yourself. Take the unit to a Yamaha dealer. 4-16 EBU00112 w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 4-17 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS Before using this machine, check the following points: ITEM ROUTINE PAGE Front brake 9 Check operation, condition and free play. 9 Adjust if necessary. Rear brake 9 Check operation and brake pad. Clutch 9 Check operation, condition and lever free play. 8-25 Parking brake 9 Check operation, condition and cable free play. 8-23 Fuel 9 Check fuel level. 9 Fill with fuel if necessary. Transmission oil 9 Check oil level. 9 Fill with oil if necessary. 5-5 ~ 5-6, 8-5 ~ 8-7 Engine oil 9 Check oil level. 9 Fill with oil if necessary. 5-5 Drive chain 9 Check chain slack and condition. 9 Adjust if necessary. Throttle 9 Check for proper throttle cable operation. Wheels and tires 9 Check tire pressure, wear and damage. Fittings and fasteners 9 Check all fittings and fasteners. Lights 9 Check for proper operation. 5-2 ~ 5-3, 8-20 ~ 8-22 5-2 ~ 5-3, 8-20 5-3 ~ 5-4 5-6, 8-26 ~ 8-28 5-6, 8-19 5-7 ~ 5-9, 8-31 5-6 5-6, 8-32 ~ 8-35 5-1 EBU00474 qWARNING Front and rear brakes 1. Brake lever and brake pedal Check for correct free play in the front brake lever. If the free play is incorrect, adjust it.(See pages 8-21~8-22 for details.) POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to inspect the ATV before operating. Failure to properly maintain the ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Check operation of the lever and pedal. They should move smoothly and there should be a firm feeling when the brake is applied. If not, have the machine inspected by a Yamaha dealer. Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual. 2. Brake operation Test the brakes at slow speed after starting out to make sure they are working properly. If the brakes do not provide proper braking performance, inspect the brakes for wear.(See page 8-20.) 5-2 5 EBU00129 qWARNING Fuel Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the tank. POTENTIAL HAZARD Riding with improperly operating brakes. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Recommended fuel: PREMIUM UNLEADED FUEL Fuel tank capacity: Total: 9 L (1.98 Imp gal, 2.38 US gal) Reserve: 2.0 L (0.44 Imp gal, 0.53 US gal) You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always check the brakes at the start of every ride. Do not ride the ATV if you find any problem with the brakes. If a problem cannot be corrected by the adjustment procedures provided in this manual, have the ATV inspected by a Yamaha dealer. Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use premium unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number ([R+M]/2) of 90 or higher, or research octane number of 95 or higher. If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline. Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug life and reduced maintenance cost. If unleaded gasoline is not available, then leaded premium gasoline can be used. 5-3 qWARNING Gasohol There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system damage or vehicle performance problems. POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper care when refueling. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire and severe injury. Fuel expands when it heats up. If the fuel tank is overfilled, fuel could spill out due to heat from the engine or the sun. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. Filler tube Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful not to spill fuel, especially on the engine or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is closed securely. Do not refuel right after the engine has been running and is still very hot. 2. Fuel level 5-4 EBU00448 Engine oil Make sure the engine oil is at the specified level. Add oil as necessary. See page 10-2. NOTE: Be sure to push the cap into the filler neck until it is properly seated. Recommended oil: Yamalube 2-cycle oil or 2-stroke engine oil Oil quantity: Total amount: 1.3 L (1.14 Imp qt, 1.37 US qt) EBU00488 Transmission oil Make sure the transmission oil is at the specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-5~ 8-7.) Recommended oil: Yamalube 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30 Recommended oil classification: API Service SE, SF, SG type or higher Oil quantity: Total amount: 0.7 L (0.62 Imp qt, 0.74 US qt) Periodic oil change: 0.65 L (0.57 Imp qt, 0.69 US qt) q 1. Oil tank filler cap 5-5 EBU00152 cC Fittings and Fasteners Always check the tightness of chassis fittings and fasteners before a ride. Take the machine to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service Manual for correct tightening torque. Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled “Energy Conserving”) contain anti-friction additives which will cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine performance. EBU00153 Lights Check the headlight and taillight to make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation. EBU00498 Chain Check the general condition of the chain and check the chain slack before every ride. Lubricate and adjust the chain as necessary. (See pages 8-26~8-28 for details.) EBU00155 Switches Check the operation of the headlight switch, engine stop switch and any other switches. Repair as necessary for proper operation. EBU00151 Throttle lever Check to see that the throttle lever operates correctly. It must open smoothly and spring back to idle position when released. Repair as necessary for proper operation. 5-6 EBU00157 Tires 2. The tires should be set to the recommended pressure: 8 Recommended tire pressure Front 30 kPa (0.30 kgf/cm2, 4.4 psi) Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) 8 Check and adjust tire pressures when the tires are cold. 8 Tire pressures must be equal on both sides. 3. Tire pressure below the minimum specified could cause the tire to dislodge from the rim under severe riding conditions. The following are minimums: Front 27 kPa (0.27 kgf/cm2, 3.9 psi) Rear 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven tire pressure. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control, increasing your risk of accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. The tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. for this model. Other tire combinations are not recommended. Manufacturer Front Rear Size Type DUNLOP AT21 × 7 – 10 KT851A CHENG SHIN AT21 × 7 – 10 C873N DUNLOP AT21 × 10 – 8 KT895A CHENG SHIN AT21 × 10 – 8 C874N 5-7 Set pressure with tires cold. Set tire pressures to the following specifications: 4. Use no more than the following pressures when seating the tire beads. Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi) Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi) Higher pressures may cause the tire to burst. Inflate the tires very slowly and carefully. Fast inflation could cause the tire to burst. Recommended pressure Minimum Maximum Front 30 kPa (0.30 kgf/cm2, 4.4 psi) 27 kPa (0.27 kgf/cm2, 3.9 psi) 33 kPa (0.33 kgf/cm2, 4.7 psi) Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) 28 kPa (0.28 kgf/cm2, 4.0 psi) EBU00159 How to measure tire pressure Use the low-pressure tire gauge. q NOTE: The low-pressure tire gauge is included as standard equipment. Make two measurements of the tire pressure and use the second reading. Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause the first reading to be incorrect. 1. Low-pressure tire gauge 5-8 EBU00160 Tire wear limit When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm (0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire. a a. 3 mm (0.12 in) 5-9 EBU00161 EBU00511 Starting a cold engine OPERATION qWARNING w POTENTIAL HAZARD Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. Freezing control cables in cold weather. WHAT CAN HAPPEN qWARNING You could be unable to control the ATV, which could lead to an accident or collision. POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating ATV without being familiar with all controls. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD When riding in cold weather, always make sure all control cables work smoothly before you begin riding. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Loss of control, which could cause an accident or injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. Set the parking brake. 2. Turn the fuel cock to “ON”. 3. Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “RUN”. 4. Shift the transmission into neutral. 5. Use the starter (choke) in reference to the figure: Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. If there is a control or function you do not understand, ask your Yamaha dealer. 6-1 6 Position 1: Cold engine startambient temperature below 5°C (40°F). Position 2: Cold engine startambient temperature at 0°C (30°F) ~ 30°C (90°F) and warming up position. Position 3: Cold engine startambient temperature above 25°C (80°F) and warm engine start position. 6. Completely close the throttle lever and start the engine by kicking the kick starter. 7. If the engine is started with the starter (choke) in position 1, the starter (choke) should be returned to position 2 to warm up the engine. If the engine is started with the starter (choke) in position 2 , keep the starter (choke) in this position to warm up the engine. 8. Continue warming up the engine until it idles smoothly and return the starter (choke) to position 3 before riding. AMBIENT TEMP. / STARTER (CHOKE) POSITION 0° 10° 20° 30° °C 30° 50° 70° w q 90° cC °F e See the “Engine break-in” section prior to operating engine for the first time. a q w e 1. Fully open 2. Half open 3. Closed a. Starter (choke) 6-2 EBU00180 EBU00182 Starting a warm engine To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a cold engine” section. The starter (choke) should not be used. The throttle should be opened slightly. Warming up To get maximum engine life, always warm up the engine before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold engine! To see whether or not the engine is warm, check if it responds to the throttle normally with the starter (choke) turned off. 6-3 EBU00198 cC Shifting This model has a 6-speed forward transmission. The transmission allows you to control the amount of power you have available at a given speed or for starting, accelerating, climbing hills, etc. To shift into neutral, return the throttle lever to its original position, apply the clutch and repeatedly depress the shift pedal until it stops. When it stops, it will be in first gear. Raise the pedal slightly to neutral. 1. Do not coast for long periods with the engine off, and do not tow the machine a long distance. Even in neutral position, the transmission is only properly lubricated when the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may cause damage. 2. Always use the clutch when changing gears. The engine, transmission and drive train are not designed to withstand the shock of forced shifting and can be damaged by shifting without the clutch. 6 5 4 3 2 N 1 N. Neutral 6-4 EBU00203 7. Open the throttle part way and gradually release the clutch lever. 8. Follow the same procedure when shifting to the next higher gear. To start out and accelerate: 1. Release the throttle lever. cC Always close the throttle while shifting gears. Otherwise, damage to the engine and drive train may result. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Opening the throttle abruptly or releasing the clutch lever too quickly. 2. Pull the clutch lever to disengage the clutch. 3. Shift into first gear. 4. Open the throttle gradually and at the same time, release the clutch lever slowly. 5. Once the machine has attained adequate speed, release the throttle, and at the same time, quickly pull in the clutch lever. 6. Shift into second gear. (be careful not to shift into neutral) WHAT CAN HAPPEN The machine could wheelie. This would increase the chance of an accident, including overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Open the throttle gradually. Release the clutch lever gradually. 6-5 EBU00207 qWARNING To decelerate: When slowing down or stopping, release the throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident. POTENTIAL HAZARD Engaging a lower gear when the engine speed is too high. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The wheels could stop rotating. This could cause loss of control, an accident and injury. It could also cause engine or drive train damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Make sure the engine has sufficiently slowed before shifting to a lower gear. 6-6 EBU00209 If any abnormality is noticed during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer. 1. 0 ~ 10 hours: Avoid continuous operation above half throttle. Allow a cooling off period of five to ten minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the speed of the machine from time to time. Do not operate it at one set throttle position. 2. 10 ~ 20 hours: Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle. Rev the machine freely through the gears but do not use full throttle at any time. 3. After break-in: Avoid prolonged full throttle operation. Vary speeds occasionally. Engine break-in There is never a more important period in the life of your machine than the period between zero and 20 hours. For this reason, we ask that you carefully read the following material. Because the engine is brand new, you must not put an excessive load on it for the first several hours of running. During the first 20 hours, the various parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or any condition which might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided. However, momentary (2 ~ 3 seconds maximum) full throttle operation under load does not harm the engine. Each full throttle acceleration sequence should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine by cruising at lower r/min so the engine can rid itself of the temporary build up of heat. 6-7 EBU00212 Parking When parking, stop the engine and shift into low gear. Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” and apply the parking brake. q 1. Button w 2. Lock plate 6-8 EBU00213 Parking on a slope qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Parking on a hill or other incline. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could roll out of control, increasing the chance of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. Bring the machine to a stop by applying the brakes in low gear. 2. Stop the engine and release the clutch lever. 3. With the front and rear brakes applied, apply the parking brake and slowly release the rear brake pedal. Avoid parking on hills or other inclines. If you must park on an incline, put the machine in low gear, apply the parking brake, and block the front and rear wheels with rocks or other objects. Do not park the ATV at all on hills that are so steep you could not walk up them easily. 6-9 EBU00221 8 Accessories should be rigidly and securely mounted. An accessory which can shift position or come off while you are riding could affect your ability to control the ATV. 8 Do not mount an accessory where it could interfere with your ability to control the ATV. Examples include (but are not limited to) a heavy or bulky object attached to the handlebars which could make steering difficult, an accessory that limits your ability to move around on the seat, or one that limits your view. 8 Use extra caution when riding an ATV with accessories. The ATV may handle differently than it does without accessories. Accessories and loading EBU00222 Accessories Accessories can affect the handling and control of your ATV. Keep the following in mind when considering an accessory or operating an ATV which has accessories. 8 Choose only accessories designed for your ATV. Your Yamaha dealer has a variety of genuine Yamaha accessories. Other accessories may also be available on the market. However, it is not possible for Yamaha to test all non-Yamaha accessories, nor have any control over the quality or suitability of them. Choose a genuine Yamaha accessory, or one that is equivalent in design and quality. 6-10 EBU00584 8 Tie down cargo securely to the carriers. Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot move around. A shifting load can cause an accident. 8 Make sure the load does not interfere with controls or your ability to see where you are going. 8 Ride more slowly than you would without a load. The more weight you carry, the slower you should go. Although conditions vary, it is good practice not to exceed 2nd gear whenever you are carrying heavier loads or when towing a trailer. 8 Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes longer to stop. 8 Avoid making sharp turns unless at very slow speeds. 8 Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully. Added weight affects the stability and handling of the ATV. Loading As originally equipped, this ATV is not designed to carry cargo or tow a trailer. If you choose to add accessories so that you can carry cargo or tow a trailer, you must use common sense and good judgment. Keep the following points in mind: 8 Never exceed the weight limits shown. An overloaded ATV can be unstable. MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT Vehicle loading limit (total weight of cargo, rider and accessories): 100 kg (220 lb) 8 Load cargo on the carriers as close to the center of the vehicle as possible. Put cargo at the rear of the front carrier and at the front of the rear carrier. Center the load from side to side. 6-11 qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. EBU00929 w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 6-12 Riding Your ATV 7-1 7 7-2 w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. GETTING TO KNOW YOUR ATV This ATV is intended for recreational use by experienced operators only. Even though you are an experienced operator of all other all terrain vehicles or motorcycles, riding the ATV requires special skills acquired through practice. Take your time to fully learn techniques before attempting more difficult maneuvers. controls. Pay particular attention to the safety information on pages 2-1~2-7. Please also read all caution and warning labels on your ATV. Riding your new ATV can be a very enjoyable activity, providing you with hours of pleasure. But it is essential to familiarize yourself with the operation of the ATV to achieve the skill necessary to enjoy riding safely. Before you begin to ride, be sure you have read this Owner’s Manual completely and understand the operation of the 7-3 RIDE WITH CARE AND GOOD JUDGEMENT HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the certified training course offered by Yamaha. They should then regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating techniques described in this Owner’s Manual. For more information about the training course, contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887. Get training if you are inexperienced. Beginners should get training from a certified instructor. Become familiar with this ATV at slow speeds first, even if you are an experienced operator. Do not attempt to operate at maximum performance until you are totally familiar with the ATV’s handling and performance characteristics. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Riding your ATV requires skills acquired through practice over a period of time. Take the time to learn the basic techniques well before attempting more difficult maneuvers. Operating this ATV without proper instruction. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different types of terrain. 7-4 Not recommended for children under 16 years of age. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for their age can lead to severe injury or death of the child. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD A child under 16 should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc. 7-5 This ATV is designed to carry operator only passengers prohibited. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Carrying a passenger on this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Greatly reduces your ability to balance and control this ATV. Could cause an accident, resulting in harm to you and/or your passenger. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never carry a passenger. The long seat is to allow the operator to shift position as needed during operation. It is not for carrying passengers. 7-6 Apparel Operating without protective clothing increases your chances of severe injury in the event of an accident. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Operating this ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection and protective clothing. Always wear an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You should also wear: eye protection (goggles or face shield) gloves boots long-sleeved shirt or jacket long pants WHAT CAN HAPPEN Operating without an approved motorcycle helmet increases Protective clothing your chances of a severe head injury or death in the event of Helmet an accident. Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your chances of a severe injury in the event of an accident. Goggles Gloves Boots 7-7 Do not operate after consuming alcohol or drugs. Operator’s performance capability is reduced by the influence of alcohol or drugs. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could seriously affect your judgment. Could cause you to react more slowly. Could affect your balance and perception. Could result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while driving this ATV. 7-8 Pre-operation checks Always perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 5-1 before riding for safety and proper care of the ATV. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven tire pressure. qWARNING WHAT CAN HAPPEN POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to inspect the ATV before operating. Failure to properly maintain the ATV. Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control, increasing your risk of an accident. WHAT CAN HAPPEN HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. Always use the size and type tires specified in the Owner’s Manual for this vehicle on pages 5-7~5-8. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in the Owner’s Manual on page 5-8. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-9 w Speed limiter For riders inexperienced with this model, this model is equipped with a speed limiter in the throttle lever housing. The speed limiter limits the power and top speed of the ATV. Turning the screw in decreases top speed, and turning it out increases top speed. Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. Do not operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases your chances of losing control of the ATV, which can result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience. 7-10 Loading and accessories Use extra caution when riding the ATV with additional loads, such as accessories or cargo. The ATV’s handling may be adversely affected. Reduce your speed when adding additional loads. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident. MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT Vehicle loading limit (total weight of rider, cargo and accessories): 100 kg (220 lb) HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. Always follow the instructions in your Owner’s Manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. 7-11 During operation Always keep your feet on the footboards during operation. Otherwise your feet may contact the rear wheels. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Removing hands from handlebars or feet from footboards during operation. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV or could cause you to lose your balance and fall off of the ATV. If you remove a foot from a footboard, your foot or leg may come into contact with the rear wheels, which could injure you or cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of your ATV during operation. 7-12 Avoid wheelies and jumping. You may lose control of the ATV or overturn. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other stunts. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the chance of an accident, including an overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies or jumps. Don’t try to show off. 7-13 Modifications qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper modifications. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Improper installation of accessories or modification of this vehicle may cause changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or equivalent components designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult an authorized ATV dealer. 7-14 Exhaust system The exhaust system on the ATV is very hot during and following operation. To prevent burns, avoid touching the exhaust system. Park the ATV in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch it. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not operate, idle, or park the ATV in dry grass or other dry ground cover. Keep the engine area free of dry grass, brush, or other combustible material. Do not touch the hot exhaust system. Do not park the ATV in a place where others might be likely to touch it. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Hot exhaust system. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Dry grass or brush or other combustible material accumulated around the engine area could catch fire. Someone touching the exhaust system during or after operation could be burned. 7-15 BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU RIDE This ATV is designed for off-road use only. Riding on paved surfaces can cause loss of control. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on paved surfaces. WHAT CAN HAPPEN ATVs are designed for off-road use only. Paved surfaces may seriously affect handling and control of the ATV, and may cause the vehicle to go out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always avoid paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets. 7-16 Do not ride on any public road, street, or highway. Riding on public roads can result in collisions with other vehicles. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can collide with another vehicle. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate this ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. In many states it is illegal to operate ATVs on public streets, roads and highways. 7-17 Know the terrain where you ride. Ride cautiously in unfamiliar areas. Stay alert for holes, rocks, or roots in the terrain, and other hidden hazards which may cause the ATV to upset. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating this ATV on unfamiliar terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can come upon hidden rocks, bumps, or holes, without enough time to react. Could result in the ATV overturning or going out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. 7-18 qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of traction or vehicle control, which could result in an accident, including an overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain. 7-19 When riding in an area where you might not easily be seen, such as desert terrain, mount a caution flag on the ATV. DO NOT use the flag pole bracket as a trailer hitch. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could be in a collision. You could be injured. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always mount a caution flag on the ATV to make you more visible. Watch carefully for other vehicles. Do not ride in areas posted “no trespassing”. Do not ride on private property without getting permission. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating in areas where you might not be seen by other off-road vehicles. 7-20 With the engine idling, pull the clutch lever to disengage the clutch and shift into 1st gear, and then release the parking brake. Open the throttle gradually, and at the same time, release the clutch lever slowly. Once the ATV has attained adequate speed, release the throttle lever and at same time, quickly pull in the clutch lever and shift into 2nd gear. Open the throttle part way and gradually release the clutch. Use this same procedure as you move into the higher gears. Be sure to coordinate the use of the throttle and shift pedal properly. If the throttle is applied too abruptly or if the throttle is not released during shifting, or if the shift pedal is not released before applying the throttle, the front wheels may lift off the ground resulting in a loss of directional control. Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly familiar with the operation of your ATV. Select a large, flat area off-road to become familiar with your ATV. Make sure that this area is free of obstacles and other riders. You should practice control of the throttle, brakes, shifting procedures, and turning techniques in this area before trying more difficult terrain. Always avoid riding on paved surfaces: the ATV is designed for off-road use only, and handling maneuvers are more difficult to perform on pavement. Set the parking brake and follow the instructions on page 6-1 to start the engine. Once it has warmed up you are ready to begin riding your ATV. As you get on the ATV, be sure not to accidentally move the shift pedal. Remember that the engine and exhaust pipe will be hot when riding and afterwards; do not allow skin or clothing to come in contact with these components. 7-21 qWARNING evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident. POTENTIAL HAZARD Opening the throttle abruptly or releasing the clutch lever to quickly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could wheelie. This would increase the chance of an accident, including overturn. qWARNING HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD POTENTIAL HAZARD Open the throttle gradually. Release the clutch lever gradually. Engaging a lower gear when the engine speed is too high. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The wheels could stop rotating. This could cause loss of control, an accident and injury. It could also cause engine or drive train damage. cC Do not shift gears without releasing the throttle. Damage to the engine or drive train may occur. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Make sure the engine has sufficiently slowed before shifting to a lower gear. When slowing down or stopping, release the throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and 7-22 TURNING YOUR ATV To achieve maximum traction while riding offroad, the two rear wheels are mounted solidly on one axle and turn together at the same speed. Therefore, unless the wheel on the inside of the turn is allowed to slip or lose some traction, the ATV will resist turning. A special turning technique must be used to allow the ATV to make turns quickly and easily. It is essential that this skill be learned first at low speed. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this Owner’s Manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn the handlebars in the desired direction. As you do so, put your weight on the footboard to the outside of the turn (opposite your desired direction) and lean your upper body into the turn. Use the throttle to maintain an even speed through the turn. This maneuver will let the wheel on the inside of the turn slip slightly, allowing the ATV to make the turn properly. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Turning improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or overturn. 7-23 Lean towards inside of turn. Once you have learned this technique you should be able to perform it at higher speeds or in tighter curves. Support your weight on the outer footrest. Improper riding procedures such as abrupt throttle changes, excessive braking, incorrect body movements, or too much speed for the sharpness of the turn may cause the ATV to tip. If the ATV begins to tip over to the outside while negotiating a turn, lean more to the inside. It may also be necessary to gradually let off on the throttle and steer to the outside of the turn to avoid tipping over. Remember: Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly familiar with the operation of your ATV. This procedure should be practiced at slow speed many times in a large off-road area with no obstacles. If an incorrect technique is used, your ATV may continue to go straight. If the ATV doesn’t turn, come to a stop and then practice the procedure again. If the riding surface is slippery or loose, it may help to position more of your weight over the front wheels by moving forward on the seat. 7-24 CLIMBING UPHILL Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on hills. Be sure that you can maneuver your ATV well on flat ground before attempting any incline and then practice riding first on gentle slopes. Try more difficult climbs only after you have developed your skill. In all cases avoid inclines with slippery or loose surfaces, or obstacles that might cause you to lose control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills. It is important when climbing a hill to make sure that your weight is transferred forward on the ATV. This can be accomplished by leaning forward and, on steeper inclines, standing on the footboards and leaning forward over the handlebars. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating on excessively steep hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The vehicle can overturn more easily on extremely steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills. 7-25 qWARNING Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the hill. POTENTIAL HAZARD Climbing hills improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. OK HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this Owner’s Manual. Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. The ATV could flip over backwards. 7-26 If you are climbing a hill and you find that you have not properly judged your ability to make it to the top, you should turn the ATV around while you still have forward motion (provided you have the room to do so) and go down the hill. When crossing the side of a hill: Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills. OK WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique as described in the Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be very careful when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. 7-27 qWARNING If your ATV has stalled or stopped and you believe you can continue up the hill, restart carefully to make sure you do not lift the front wheels which could cause you to lose control. If you are unable to continue up the hill, dismount the ATV on the uphill side. Physically turn the ATV around and then descend the hill. POTENTIAL HAZARD Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could result in the ATV overturning. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD If you start to roll backwards, DO NOT use the rear brake to stop or try to put the ATV in gear. The ATV could easily tip over backwards. Instead, dismount the ATV immediately on the uphill side. Use proper gear and maintain steady speed when climbing a hill. If you lose all forward speed: Keep weight uphill. Apply the brakes. Lock the parking brake, after you are stopped. If you begin rolling backwards: Keep weight uphill. Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards. Apply the front brake. 7-28 When fully stopped, apply rear brake as well, and then lock the parking brake. Dismount on uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-29 RIDING DOWNHILL When riding your ATV downhill, shift your weight as far to the rear and uphill side of the ATV as possible. Move back on the seat and sit with your arms straight. Choose a low gear which will allow the engine compression to do most of the braking for you. Improper braking may cause a loss of traction. Use caution while descending a hill with loose or slippery surfaces. Braking ability and traction may be adversely affected by these surfaces. Improper braking may also cause a loss of traction. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Going down a hill improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in this Owner’s Manual. Note: a special technique is required when braking as you go down a hill. Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. Whenever possible, ride your ATV straight downhill. Avoid sharp angles which could allow the ATV to tip or roll over. Carefully choose your path and ride no faster than you will be able to react to obstacles which may appear. 7-30 OK 7-31 CROSSING A SLOPE Traversing a sloping surface on your ATV requires you to properly position your weight to maintain proper balance. Be sure that you have learned the basic riding skills on flat ground before attempting to cross a sloping surface. Avoid slopes with slippery surfaces or rough terrain that may upset your balance. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD As you travel across a slope, lean your body in the uphill direction. It may be necessary to correct the steering when riding on loose surfaces by pointing the front wheels slightly uphill. When riding on slopes be sure not to make sharp turns either up or down hill. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique as described in the Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be very careful when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. When crossing the side of a hill: If your ATV does begin to tip over, gradually steer in the downhill direction if there are no obstacles in your path. As you regain proper balance, gradually steer again in the direction you wish to travel. Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-32 Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. OK 7-33 CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER The ATV can be used to cross slow moving, shallow water of up to a maximum of 35 cm (14 inches) in depth. Before entering the water, choose your path carefully. Enter where there is no sharp drop off, and avoid rocks or other obstacles which may be slippery or upset the ATV. Drive slowly and carefully. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate this ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that specified in your Owner’s Manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV through deep or fast flowing water. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which could lead to an accident. 7-34 cC Test your brakes after leaving the water. Do not continue to ride your ATV without verifying that you have regained proper braking ability. After riding your ATV in water, be sure to drain the trapped water by removing the check hose at the bottom of the air filter case. Wash the ATV in fresh water if it has been operated in salt water or muddy conditions. q 1. Check hose 7-35 RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN Riding over rough terrain should be done with caution. Look out for obstacles which could cause damage to the ATV or could lead to an upset or accident. Be sure to keep your feet firmly mounted on the footboards at all times. Avoid jumping the ATV as loss of control and damage to the ATV may result. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly operating over obstacles. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles. Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-36 7-37 SLIDING AND SKIDDING Care should be used when riding on loose or slippery surfaces since the ATV may slide. If unexpected and uncorrected, sliding could lead to an accident. To reduce the tendency for the front wheels to slide in loose or slippery conditions, positioning your weight over the front wheels will sometimes help. If the rear wheels of your ATV start to slide sideways, control can usually be regained (if there is room to do so) by steering in the direction of the slide. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have corrected the slide. 7-38 qWARNING With practice, over a period of time, skill at controlled sliding can be developed. The terrain should be chosen carefully before attempting such maneuvers, since both stability and control are reduced. Bear in mind that sliding maneuvers should always be avoided on extremely slippery surfaces such as ice, since all control may be lost. POTENTIAL HAZARD Skidding or sliding improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You may lose control of this ATV. You may also regain traction unexpectedly, which may cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. 7-39 8 If your ATV starts to slide sideways: Steer in the direction of the slide if you have the room. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have corrected the slide (See pages 7-38~7-39.) WHAT TO DO IF ... This section is designed to be a reference guide only. Be sure to read each section on riding techniques completely. WHAT TO DO ... 8 If your ATV doesn’t turn when you want it to: Bring the ATV to a stop and practice the turning maneuvers again. Be sure you are putting your weight on the footboard to the outside of the turn. Position your weight over the front wheels for better control. (See pages 7-23~ 7-24.) 8 If your ATV can’t make it up a hill you are trying to climb: Turn the ATV around if you still have forward speed. If not, stop, dismount on the uphill side of the ATV and physically turn the ATV around. If the ATV starts to slip backwards DO NOT USE THE REAR BRAKE - the ATV may tip over on top of you. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side. (See pages 7-25~7-29.) 8 If your ATV begins to tip while turning: Lean more into the turn to regain balance. If necessary, gradually let off the throttle and/or steer to the outside of the turn. (See pages 7-23~7-24.) 7-40 8 If your ATV is traversing a sloping surface: Be sure to ride with your weight positioned towards the uphill side of the ATV to maintain proper balance. If the ATV starts to tip, steer down the hill (if there are no obstacles in your way) to regain balance. If you discover that the ATV is going to tip over, dismount on the uphill side. (See pages 7-32~7-33.) 8 If your ATV encounters shallow water: Ride slowly and carefully through slow moving water, watching for obstacles. Be sure to let water drain from the ATV and CHECK YOUR BRAKES FOR PROPER OPERATION when you come out of the water. Do not continue to ride your ATV until you have regained adequate braking ability. (See pages 7-34~735.) w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 7-41 EBU00515 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your machine in the safest and most efficient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the machine owner. The most important points of machine inspection, adjustment and lubrication are explained on the following pages. qWARNING HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Turn off the engine when performing maintenance unless otherwise specified. Have a Yamaha dealer perform service if you are not familiar with machine service. EBU00257 Owner’s manual and tool kit You are recommended to put this owner's manual and low-pressure tire gauge in the vinyl bag and always carry them along with the owner’s tool kit under the seat. w POTENTIAL HAZARD Servicing an engine while it is running. e q WHAT CAN HAPPEN Moving parts can catch clothing or parts of the body, causing injury. Electrical components can cause shocks or can start fires. 1. Owner’s manual 8-1 3. Tool kit 2. Low-pressure tire gauge qWARNING The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with the necessary information for completing your own preventive maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in the Owner’s tool kit are sufficient for this purpose, except that a torque wrench is also necessary to properly tighten nuts and bolts. POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper modifications. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Improper installation of accessories or modification of this vehicle may cause changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident. NOTE: If you do not have a torque wrench available during a service operation requiring one, take your machine to a Yamaha dealer to check the torque settings and adjust them as necessary. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or equivalent components designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult an authorized Yamaha ATV dealer. 8-2 8 EBU00261 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION INITIAL ITEM ROUTINE 1 month Transmission 9 Replace oil. 2 Spark plug 9 Check condition. 9 Adjust gap and clean. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 Air filter 9 Clean. 9 Replace if necessary. 9 Check idle speed / starter operation. 9 Adjust if necessary. * Crankcase breather system * Exhaust system * Fuel line 2 EVERY 6 months 6 months 1 year 2 2 2 2 2 2 Every 20 ~ 40 hours. (More often in wet or dusty areas) * Carburetor Spark arrester 3 months 2 2 2 2 9 Check breather hose for cracks or damage. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 2 2 9 Check for leakage. 9 Retighten if necessary. 9 Replace gasket if necessary. 2 2 2 9 Clean. 2 2 2 9 Check fuel hose for cracks or damage. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 2 2 Throttle operation 9 Inspect and adjust free play if necessary. 2 2 2 2 2 Front brake operaion 9 Inspect and adjust free play if necessary. 2 2 2 2 2 * Front brake shoes 9 Check wear limit. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 2 2 * Rear brake pads 9 Check pad wear. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 2 2 * Clutch 9 Inspect free play and operation. 9 Replace if necessary. 2 2 2 2 8-3 INITIAL ITEM Drive chain ROUTINE 1 month 9 Lubricate, check free play and alignment. 9 Replace if necessary. 3 months 2 EVERY 6 months 6 months 1 year 2 2 2 2 2 2 * Drive chain guard and rollers 9 Check wear and replace if necessary. * Steering system 9 Inspect free play, clean and lubricate.** 2 2 2 2 2 * Front and rear suspension 9 Inspect and lubricate.** 2 2 2 2 2 Tire, wheels 9 Inspect air pressure, wheel runout, and tire wear. 9 *Inspect bearings. 9 *Replace bearings if necessary. 2 2 2 2 2 Throttle, control cable 9 Check routing and connection. 9 *Lubricate. 2 2 2 2 2 Outside nuts and bolts 9 Retighten. Frame 9 Clean and inspect. Lighting equipment 9 Inspect. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 * It is recommended that these items be serviced by a Yamaha dealer. ** Lithium soap based grease w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 8-4 EBU00835 Transmission oil Transmission oil measurement 1. Place the machine on a level place. 2. Warm up the engine for several minutes, and stop it. 3. Check the oil level through the level window located at the right side crankcase cover. 4. Remove filler cap and drain bolt to drain the oil. 5. Install the drain bolt and tighten to specification. NOTE: 6. Fill the engine with oil and install the filler cap. Tightening torque Drain bolt: 20 Nm (2.0 m0kg, 14 ft0lb) Wait a few minutes until the oil level settles before checking. w e 4. The oil level should be between the maximum and minimum marks. If the level is low, add oil to raise it to the proper level. Transmission oil replacement 1. Place the machine on a level place. 2. Warm up the engine for several minutes, and stop it. 3. Place a container under the engine. q 1. Level window 3. Minimum level mark 8-5 2. Maximum level mark q Recommended oil: See page 10-2 Oil quantity: Total amount: 0.7 L (0.62 Imp qt, 0.74 US qt) Periodic oil change 0.65 L (0.57 Imp qt, 0.69 US qt) q cC 1. Drain bolt 8 Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain anti-friction modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled “Energy Conserving”) contain anti-friction additives which will cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine performance. 8 Be sure no foreign material enters the crankcase. 7. Start the engine and warm up for a few minutes. While warming up, check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is found, stop the engine immediately, and check for the cause. 8-6 Instead, take the machine to a Yamaha dealer. You should periodically remove and inspect the spark plug because heat and deposits will cause the spark plug to slowly break down and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, you should replace the spark plug with one of the proper type. 8. Check the oil level. Standard spark plug: BR8ES (NGK) Before installing the spark plug, measure the electrode gap with a feeler gauge and adjust to specification. EBU00286 Spark plug inspection The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of the spark plug can indicate the condition of the engine. For example, a very white center electrode porcelain color could indicate an intake air leak or carburetion problem for that cylinder. Do not attempt to diagnose such problems yourself. Spark plug gap: 0.7 ~ 0.8 mm (0.028 ~ 0.031 in) 8-7 EBU00288 Air filter cleaning NOTE There is a check hose at the bottom of the air filter case. If dust or water collects in this hose, empty the hose and clean the air filter element and air filter case. a a. Spark plug gap When installing the spark plug, always clean the gasket surface and use a new gasket. Wipe off any grime from the threads and tighten to the specified torque. q Tightening torque: Spark plug: 25 Nm (2.5 m0kg, 18 ft0lb) 1. Check hose 1. Remove the seat. 2. Remove the air filter case cover. 8-8 4. Wash the element gently but thoroughly in solvent. q qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Using low flash point solvents or gasoline to clean the air filter element. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Low flash point solvents or gasoline can catch fire or explode. 1. Air filter case cover 3. Remove the air filter element, and separate it from the guide. w HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Use parts cleaning solvent to clean the air filter element. q 5. Squeeze the excess solvent out of the filter and let it dry. cC Do not twist the filter element when squeezing it. 1. Air filter element 2. Element guide 8-9 6. Inspect the element. If damaged, replace it. 7. Apply Yamaha foam air filter oil or other quality foam air filter oil to the element. If foam air filter oil is not available, motor oil may be used. NOTE: The air filter element should be cleaned every 20 ~ 40 hours. It should be cleaned and lubricated more often if the machine is operated in extremely dusty areas. Each time filter element maintenance is performed, check the air inlet to the filter case for obstructions. Check the air cleaner rubber joint to the carburetor and manifold fittings for an airtight seal. Tighten all fittings securely to avoid the possibility of unfiltered air entering the engine. NOTE: The element should be wet but not dripping. cC Never operate the engine with the air filter element removed. This will allow unfiltered air to enter, causing rapid engine wear and possible engine damage. Additionally, operation without the filter element will affect carburetor jetting with subsequent poor performance and possible engine overheating. 8. Reinstall the element to the element guide. 9. Reinstall the element assembly and parts removed for access. 8-10 EBU00458 2. Spark arrester cleaning Be sure the exhaust pipe and muffler are cool before cleaning the spark arrester. 1. Remove the screw. 3. Remove the tailpipe by pulling it out of the muffler. Tap the tailpipe lightly, then use a wire brush to remove any carbon deposits from the spark arrester portion of the tailpipe. w q e q 1. Tailpipe 2. Spark arrester 3. Gasket 1. Screw (×3) 4. 5. 8-11 Make sure the gasket is properly positioned, then insert the tailpipe into the muffler and align the screw holes. Install the screw and tighten it. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper cleaning of the spark arrester. Hot exhaust system WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could injure the eyes. Could cause burns. Could cause carbon monoxide poisoning, possibly leading to death. Could start a fire. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD When cleaning the spark arrester: Always let the exhaust system cool prior to touching exhaust components. Do not start the engine when cleaning the exhaust system. 8-12 EBU00297 Carburetor settings In extremely cold weather, it is necessary to change the carburetor settings to maintain optimum engine performance and to prevent engine damage. unless you have mechanical knowledge and the necessary tools. Do not perform these procedures while the engine is hot. Place a rag under the carburetor to catch any fuel. Wipe up any spilled fuel completely. After servicing the carburetor, always check throttle operation before operating the ATV to make sure it is working correctly. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly servicing or adjusting the carburetor. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The carburetor could malfunction. This could cause improper operation with the possibility of an accident. The carburetor could leak fuel, which would be a fire hazard. Standard settings Main jet Jet needle clip position Pilot air screw HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Carburetor adjustments should only be performed by a Yamaha dealer. Do not attempt to perform these procedures 8-13 #230 2nd groove 1-1/2 turns out Carburetor setting chart q Temperature Main jet Jet needle Pilot air screw 0°C (32°F) above (Standard) #230 2nd groove 1 1/2 turns out +5°C –15°C ~ (41°F) (5°F) #230 2nd groove 1 1/2 turns out –10°C –30°C ~ (14°F) (–22°F) #240 3rd groove 1 1/2 turns out Changing the carburetor settings Disassembly 1. Turn the fuel cock to the “OFF” position. 2. Turn out the carburetor drain screw and drain the fuel. 1. Main jet number Jet needle clip position 1st groove 2nd (Standard) 3rd 4th 5th q 8-14 1. Carburetor drain screw 3. Disconnect the fuel hose and oil delivery hose. w q q w w 1. Carburetor cap securing plate 1. Fuel hose 2. Joint screw (×3) 2. Oil delivery hose 6. Remove the carburetor cap. 4. Remove the securing plate. 5. Loosen the joint screws of the carburetor and remove the carburetor. 8-15 7. Remove the throttle cable from the throttle valve and then remove the holder. 8. Remove the float chamber. q q w r 1. Carburetor cap 3. Throttle valve e 2. Throttle cable 4. Holder 1. Float chamber 9. Remove the float and needle valve. 10. Change the main jet and the jet needle clip position. (See page 8-14.) e q w 8-16 1. Float 2. Needle valve 3. Main jet NOTE: cC Optional main jet can be obtained at a Yamaha dealer. If the securing plate does not match a projection, tighten the carburetor cap until they align. Do not loosen. Assembly 1. Reassemble the needle valve, float and float chamber. 2. Reassemble the throttle valve. 3. Install the carburetor cap and tighten it securely to the specified torque. Carburetor cap tightening torque: 4 Nm (0.4 m0kg, 2.9 ft0lb) 4. Install the carburetor and tighten the joint screws. 5. Install the securing plate. Match one of the projections on the carburetor cap with one of the indents on the securing plate. 6. Tighten the securing plate screw to the specified torque. Tightening torque: 3.5 Nm (0.35 m0kg, 2.5 ft0lb) 7. Connect the fuel hose and oil delivery hose. 8-17 EBU00301 Idle speed adjustment NOTE: q A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this procedure. 1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few minutes at approximately 1,000 to 2,000 r/min. Occasionally rev the engine to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is warm when it quickly responds to the throttle. 2. Connect the tachometer and set the idle to the specified idling speed by adjusting the throttle stop screw. Turn the screw in to increase engine speed, and out to decrease engine speed. 1. Throttle stop screw Specified idle speed: 1,450 ~ 1,550 r/min 8-18 EBU00307 Throttle lever adjustment NOTE: Adjust the engine idling speed before adjusting the throttle lever free play. 1. Loosen the locknut. 2. Turn the adjusting bolt until the throttle lever free play is 4~6 mm (0.16~0.24 in). 3. Tighten the locknut. qw a 1. Adjusting bolt a. Free play 2. Locknut 8-19 EBU00310 EBU00314 Front brake shoe inspection A wear indicator is provided on the front brake. This indicator allows checking of brake shoe wear without disassembling the brake. Apply the front brake and check the position of the indicator. If the indicator reaches the wear limit line, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace the shoes as a set. Rear brake pad inspection A wear indicator is provided on each brake pad. This indicator allows checking of brake pad wear without disassembling the brake. Apply the brake and inspect the wear indicator. If the brake pads are worn to the wear limit, have a Yamaha dealer replace the pads. q q a w 1. Wear indicator 1. Wear limit 2. Wear indicator 8-20 a. Wear limit 1 mm (0.039 in) EBU00523 Front brake lever free play adjustment 2. Make sure the cable joint in the equalizer is straight when the brake is applied. If not, turn the adjusting nuts at the front wheel hubs until the cable joint becomes straight. NOTE Before adjusting the brake, inspect the front brake shoes. The front brake lever free play should be adjusted to 3~5 mm (0.12~0.20 in) at the brake lever pivot. If the free play is incorrect, adjust as follows: 1. Loosen the locknut and fully turn in the adjusting bolt at the front brake lever. q q w w a a’ a = a’ 1. Equalizer 1. Adjusting bolt 2. Locknut 8-21 2. Cable joint Specified free play: 3 ~ 5 mm (0.12 ~ 0.20 in) q 4. Tighten the locknut. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes. 1. Adjusting nut WHAT CAN HAPPEN 3. Turn the adjusting bolt at the brake lever until specified free play is obtained. w q 1. Adjusting bolt You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an accident. a 2. Locknut HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD After servicing: 8 Make sure the brakes operate smoothly and that the free play is correct. 8 Make sure the brakes do not drag. Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These procedures should be performed by Yamaha dealer. a. Free play 8-22 EBU00601 qWARNING Parking brake adjustment Parking brake adjustment may be required if the parking brake does not hold properly. 1. Loosen the locknut of the parking brake cable. q POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating with improperly adjusted brakes. WHAT CAN HAPPEN w The brakes could malfunction, causing reduced braking performance. This could increase the chance of a collision or accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. Adjusting bolt After adjusting the parking brake, block the rear of the machine off the ground and spin the rear wheels. Check to make sure there is no brake drag. If brake drag is noticed, perform the adjustment again. 2. Locknut 2. Turn the adjusting bolt until there is little or no free play. 3. Tighten the locknut. 8-23 EBU00833 Adjusting the rear brake light switch b a Turn the adjusting nut while holding the rear brake light switch in place. To make the brake light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To make the brake light come on later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b. w q 1. Rear brake light switch 2. Adjusting nut The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal and brake lever, is properly adjusted when the brake light comes on just before braking takes effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light switch as follows. 8-24 EBU00539 EBU00349 Clutch adjustment The clutch lever free play should be 2~3 mm (0.08~0.12 in). If the free play is incorrect, adjust as follows. Autolube pump adjustment The Autolube pump is a vital part of the engine and requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer who has the professional knowledge and experience to do so. 1. Loosen the locknut. 2. Turn the adjusting bolt so that clutch lever free play is 2~3 mm (0.08~0.12in). 3. Tighten the locknut. a w 1. Adjusting bolt a. Free play q 2. Locknut 8-25 EBU00350 EBU00351 Drive chain slack check Inspect the drive chain while all tires are touching the ground. Check the slack at the position shown in the figure. The normal vertical deflection is approximately 30~40 mm (1.2~1.6 in). If the deflection exceeds 40 mm (1.6 in), adjust the chain slack. Drive chain slack adjustment 1. Loosen the rear wheel hub bolts. q w a 1. Upper wheel hub bolt (×2) 2. Lower wheel hub bolt (×2) 2. Loosen the adjuster locknuts on each side. To tighten the chain, turn the chain adjuster clockwise. To loosen the chain, turn the adjuster counterclockwise and push the wheel forward. Turn each adjuster exactly the same amount to maintain correct axle alignment. There are marks on each side of the swingarm and on each chain adjuster. Use them to check for proper alignment. a. 30 ~ 40 mm (1.2 ~ 1.6 in) 8-26 EBU00805 Lubricating the drive chain The drive chain must be cleaned and lubricated at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart, otherwise it will quickly wear out, especially when riding in dusty or wet areas. Service the drive chain as follows. e q w q w 1. Locknut 2. Chain adjuster cC The drive chain must be lubricated after washing the ATV or riding in the rain. 3. Alignment marks 3. After adjusting, be sure to tighten the locknuts and the wheel hub bolts. 1. Clean the drive chain with kerosene and a small soft brush. Upper wheel hub bolt: 50 Nm (5.0 m0kg, 36 ft0lb) Lower wheel hub bolt: 50 Nm (5.0 m0kg, 36 ft0lb) 8-27 cC Do not use engine oil or any other lubricants for the drive chain, as they may contain substances that could damage the O-rings. q 1. O-rings cC To prevent damaging the O-rings, do not clean the drive chain with steam cleaners, high-pressure washers or inappropriate solvents. 2. Wipe the drive chain dry. 3. Thoroughly lubricate the drive chain with a special O-ring chain lubricant. 8-28 EBU00356 EBU00737 Cable inspection and lubrication Brake and shift pedal/brake and clutch lever lubrication Lubricate the pivoting parts of each lever and pedal. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Damaged control cables. Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease) WHAT CAN HAPPEN Corrosion can result when the outer covering of control cables becomes damaged. Cables can also become frayed or kinked. Operation of controls could be restricted, which could cause an accident or injury. EBU00793 Upper arm and lower arm pivot lubrication Lubricate the upper arm pivot and the lower arm pivot. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Inspect cables frequently. Replace damaged cables. Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease) Lubricate the inner cables and the cable ends. If the cables do not operate smoothly, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace them. Recommended lubricant: Yamaha chain and cable lube or SAE 10W30 motor oil 8-29 EBU00370 Steering shaft lubrication Lubricate the pivot points. Use a grease gun. Recommended lubricant: Lithium soap base grease 8-30 EBU00373 Rear Wheel removal 1. Elevate the wheel by placing a suitable stand under the frame. 2. Remove the nuts from the wheel. 3. Remove the wheel assembly. Front EBU00740 Wheel installation When installing the wheel, reverse the removal procedure. Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque. Tightening torque: Wheel nut: Front: 45 Nm (4.5 m0kg, 32 ft0lb) Rear: 45 Nm (4.5 m0kg, 32 ft0lb) 8-31 EBU00645 Replacing the headlight bulb If the headlight bulb burns out, replace the bulb as follows: 1. Remove the screws holding the headlight unit assembly to the headlight body. 2. Remove the bulb holder cover, turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and remove the defective bulb. q 1. Screw (×2) 8-32 qWARNING 5. Install the headlight unit assembly. Adjust the headlight beam if necessary. POTENTIAL HAZARD The headlight bulb is hot when it is on and immediately after it is turned off. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can be burned, or a fire could start if the bulb touches something flammable. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Wait for the bulb to cool before touching or removing it. 3. Put a new bulb into position and secure it in place with the bulb holder. 4. Install the bulb holder cover. cC Make sure the bulb holder cover is securely fitted over the bulb holder and seated against the reflector. 8-33 EBU00411 EBU00861 Headlight beam adjustment Tail/brake light bulb replacement 1. Remove the bulb holder (together with the bulb) by turning it counterclockwise. cC It is advisable to have a Yamaha dealer make this adjustment. Vertical adjustment: Loosen the headlight assembly mounting bolts and adjust the vertical beam by moving the headlight up or down. q q 1. Bulb holder q 1. Mounting bolt (×2) 8-34 EBU00412 2. Remove the defective bulb from the bulb holder by pushing it inward and turning it counterclockwise. Troubleshooting Although Yamaha machines receive a rigid inspection before shipment from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting and loss of power. The troubleshooting chart describes a quick, easy procedure for making checks. If your machine requires any repair, take it to a Yamaha dealer. The skilled technicians at a Yamaha dealership have the tools, experience, and know-how to properly service your machine. Use only genuine Yamaha parts on your machine. Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior. Consequently, they have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills. q w 1. Bulb holder 2. Bulb 3. Install a new bulb in the bulb holder by pushing it inward and turning it clockwise. 4. Install the bulb holder (together with the bulb). 8-35 qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Checking the fuel system while smoking or near an open flame. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Fuel can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not smoke when checking the fuel system. Make sure there are no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces. 8-36 EBU00440 Troubleshooting chart Remove the fuel pipe 1. Fuel Check if there is fuel in the fuel tank There is fuel Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” Some fuel Turn the fuel cock to “RES” No fuel Supply fuel Water or dirt mixed in fuel Clean filter element and fuel tank Turn the fuel cock to “ON” Check fuel flow No fuel Fuel cock clogged Restart engine Clean the fuel cock 2. Compression Kick the kick lever to see if there is compression 3. Ignition There is compresson Compression normal No compression Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect Wet Wipe clean with dry cloth Dry Attach plug cap and ground to chassis Remove plug and check electrode Spark good Kick the kick starter strongly Ignition system normal Spark weak No spark Adjust plug gap or replace plug Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect 8-37 EBU00414 No spark Throttle override system (T.O.R.S.) is incorporated in the ignition circuit, and if the system should fail, the spark plug will not spark. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Have the system checked by a Yamaha dealer. Before bypassing T.O.R.S., be sure the throttle closes properly when the throttle lever is released. If the machine must be ridden, ride as slowly as possible. Do not touch the exhaust pipe when disconnecting the wire coupler. qWARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Testing for an ignition system problem by disconnecting the Throttle OverRide System (T.O.R.S.). WHAT CAN HAPPEN With T.O.R.S. disconnected, the engine will not stop if the throttle does not close properly. This could cause loss of control and an accident. You could be burned if you touch the hot exhaust pipe while disconnecting the wire coupler. 8-38 EBU00417 cC CLEANING AND STORAGE Excessive water pressure may cause water seepage and deterioration of wheel bearings, brakes, transmission seals and electrical devices. Many expensive repair bills have resulted from improper high pressure detergent applications such as those available in coin-operated car washers. A. CLEANING Frequent, thorough cleaning of your machine will not only enhance its appearance but will improve its general performance and extend the useful life of many components. 1. Before cleaning the machine: a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe to prevent water entry. A plastic bag and strong rubber band may be used. b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler caps are properly installed. 2. If the engine case is excessively greasy, apply degreaser with a paint brush. Do not apply degreaser to the chain, sprockets or wheel axles. 3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a garden hose. Use only enough pressure to do the job. 9-1 qWARNING 4. Once the majority of the dirt has been hosed off, wash all surfaces with warm water and mild, detergent-type soap. An old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy for hard-to-get-at places. 5. Rinse the machine off immediately with clean water and dry all surfaces with a chamois, clean towel or soft absorbent cloth. 6. Dry the chain and lubricate it to prevent rust. 7. Clean the seat with a vinyl upholstery cleaner to keep the cover pliable and glossy. 8. Automotive type wax may be applied to all painted and chrome plated surfaces. Avoid combination cleaner-waxes. Many contain abrasives which may mar the paint or protective finish. When finished, start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. POTENTIAL HAZARD Operation with wet brakes after washing. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability, increasing the chance of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Test the brakes after washing. Apply the brakes several times at slow speeds to let friction dry out the linings. 9-2 9 EBU00527 B. STORAGE Long term storage (60 days or more) of your machine will require some preventive procedures to guard against deterioration. After thoroughly cleaning the machine, prepare for storage as follows: 1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add the specified amount of Yamaha Fuel Stabilizer and Conditioner or an equivalent product. 2. Remove the spark plug, pour about one tablespoon of SAE 10W30 or 20W40 motor oil in the spark plug hole and reinstall the spark plug. Ground the spark plug wire and turn the engine over several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil. 3. Clean the drive chain thoroughly and lubricate it. (See page 8-26.) 4. Lubricate all control cables. 5. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off the ground. 6. Tie a plastic bag over the exhaust pipe outlet to prevent moisture from entering. 7. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere, coat all exposed metal surfaces with a light film of oil. Do not apply oil to any rubber parts or the seat cover. Specified amount: 1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel (or 7.5 cc of stabilizer to each liter of fuel) NOTE: Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system. Consult a Yamaha dealer if the fuel system needs to be drained instead. NOTE: Make any necessary repairs before storing the machine. 9-3 EBU00428 SPECIFICATIONS Model YFS200 Dimension: Overall length Overall width Overall height Seat height Wheel base Minimum ground clearance Minimum turning radius 1,735 mm (68.3 in) 1,035 mm (40.7 in) 1,040 mm (40.9 in) 740 mm (29.1 in) 1,100 mm (43.3 in) 120 mm ( 4.7 in) 3,000 mm (118 in) Basic weight: With oil and full fuel tank 153 kg (337 lbs) Engine: Type Cylinder arrangement Displacement Bore × Stroke Compression ratio Starting system Lubrication system Air cooled, 2-stroke Single cylinder, Forward inclined 195 cm3 66.0 × 57.0 mm (2.60 × 2.24 in) 6.6 : 1 Kick starter Separate lubrication (Yamaha Autolube) 10-1 10 Model Engine oil (2-cycle): Type Quantity Transmission oil: Type Recommended transmission oil classification Quantity Periodic oil change Total amount YFS200 Yamalube 2-cycle oil or air cooled 2-stroke engine oil 1.3 L (1.14 Imp qt, 1.37 US qt) Yamalube 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30 type SE motor oil API Service SE, SF, SG type or higher cC Be sure to use motor oils that do not contain antifriction modifiers. Passenger car motor oils (often labeled “Energy Conserving”) contain anti-friction additives which will cause clutch and/or starter clutch slippage, resulting in reduced component life and poor engine performance. 0.65 L (0.57 Imp qt, 0.69 US qt) 0.70 L (0.62 Imp qt, 0.74 US qt) Air filter: Wet type element Fuel: Type Tank capacity Reserve amount PREMIUM UNLEADED FUEL 9.0 L (1.98 Imp gal, 2.38 US gal) 2.0 L (0.44 Imp gal, 0.53 US gal) 10-2 Model YFS200 Carburetor: Type/manufacturer Spark plug: Type/manufacturer Gap BR8ES (NGK) 0.7 ~ 0.8 mm (0.028 ~ 0.031 in) Clutch: Type Operation Wet, multi-disk Left hand operation Transmission: Primary reduction system Primary reduction ratio Secondary reduction system Secondary reduction ratio Transmission type Operation Gear ratio 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th VM26SS/MIKUNI Helical gear 71/22 (3.227) Chain drive 40/13 (3.077) Constant mesh 6-speed Left foot operation 34/11 (3.091) 31/14 (2.214) 25/15 (1.667) 20/16 (1.250) 19/18 (1.056) 19/21 (0.905) 10-3 Model YFS200 Chassis: Frame type Caster angle Trail Steel Tube Frame 9.0° 40 mm (1.57 in) Tire: Type Size – Front Rear Tubeless AT21 × 7 - 10 AT21 × 10 - 8 Brake: Front brake type Operation Rear brake type Operation Drum brake Right hand operation Single, Disk brake Right foot operation Suspension: Front Rear Double wishbone Swingarm (monocross) Shock Absorber: Front Rear Coil spring, Oil damper Coil spring, Gas-Oil damper 10-4 Model YFS200 Wheel travel: Front Rear 180 mm (7.09 in) 180 mm (7.09 in) Electrical: Ignition system Generator system C.D.I. C.D.I. Magneto Headlight Type: Bulb type Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity Headlight Tail/brake light Indicator light: Oil level 12V, 45W/45W × 1 12V, 5/21W × 1 12V, 3.4W × 1 10-5 EBU00430 NOISE REGULATION TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED: Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person. “AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW.” These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc. Exhaust system Intake system Muffler Exhaust pipe Silencer Air cleaner case Air cleaner element Intake duct 11-1 EBU00431 MAINTENANCE RECORD Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts you purchase and install will be required to document maintenance done in accordance with the warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder to you that the maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work. MAINTENANCE INTERVAL DATE OF SERVICE SERVICING DEALER NAME AND ADDRESS MILEAGE 1 Month 3 Months 6 Months 12 Months 18 Months 24 Months 30 Months 36 Months 42 Months 48 Months 54 Months 60 Months REMARKS 11 12 12-1 EBU00432 13-1 13 13-2 EBU00435 14-1 14 14-2 EBU00436 w Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 14-3 EBU00437 PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT EBU00438 qWARNING Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH. ALWAYS USE AN APPROVED HELMET AND PROTECTIVE GEAR NEVER USE ON PUBLIC ROADS NEVER operate: 9 without proper training or instruction. 9 at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. 9 on public roads - a collision can occur with another vehicle. 9 with a passenger - passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk of losing control. NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS NEVER USE WITH DRUGS OR ALCOHOL ALWAYS: 9 use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on hills and rough terrain and in turns. 9 avoid paved surfaces - pavement may seriously affect handling and control. LOCATE AND READ OWNER’S MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS. (For replacement manual, call 1-800-532-1558) YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN JAPAN 2001·4–3.6×1 ! (E)