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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110460
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - C929
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omistajan-kasikirja-110439
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-savininko-vadovas-110446
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-del-propietario-110438
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110457
Toys & Accessories - Lego - DUPLO Town - AROUND THE WORLD - 10805
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-navod-k-obsluze-110433
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts_5d8a7f921c3648a62136367
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kullan-m-k-lavuzu-110458
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-prirocnik-za-lastnika-110456
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-agarmanual-110454
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.6L 2BL SOHC--31218102
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuel-du-proprietaire-110440
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuale-del-proprietario-110445
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
Printers & Accessories - Xerox - WorkCentre Pro C2128~C2636~C3545
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
Printers & Accessories - Epson - WorkForce 40
DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Summary of Content
GMX 200 TM Pilot’s Guide & Reference © 2006-2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries Garmin International, Inc. 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A. Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020 Fax 913/397.8282 Garmin AT 2345 Turner Rd., SE Salem, OR 97302 Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726 Fax. 503/364.2138 Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A. Tel: 503/581.8101 Fax: 503/364.2138 Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southhampton, SO40 9RB, U.K. Tel. 44/0870.8501241 Fax 44/0870.8501251 Garmin Corporation No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan Tel. 886/2.2642.9199 Fax 886/2.2642.9099 Web Site Address: www.garmin.com All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www. garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products. Garmin®, GPSMAP®, AutoLocate®, TracBack®, Apollo, SafeTaxi®, FliteChart®, and MapSource® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission of Garmin. NavData® is a trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc. July 2007 Printed in the USA Part Number 190-00607-02 Rev C Introduction Introduction History of Revisions Date Software Version Manual Revision May 2006 2.0 190-00607-02 Rev 1 June 2006 2.01-2.02 190-00607-02 Rev A November 2006 2.03 190-00607-02 Rev B July 2007 190-00607-02 Rev C 2.12 Ordering Information To receive additional copies of this GMX 200 Pilot’s Guide, order Part Number 190-00607-02. The GMX 200 Quick Reference Guide is Part Number 190-00607-03. 190-00607-02 Rev C  Introduction End User License End User License Agreement (“EULA”) You have acquired a device (GMX 200) which includes software licensed by Garmin International, Inc. or its subsidiaries (Garmin) from one or more software licensors Garmin’s Software Suppliers. Such software products, as well as associated media, printed materials, and “online” or electronic documentation (“SOFTWARE”) are protected by international intellectual property laws and treaties. The SOFTWARE is licensed, not sold. All rights reserved. • This EULA is valid and grants the end-user rights ONLY if the SOFTWARE is genuine and a genuine Certificate of Authenticity for the SOFTWARE is included. For more information on identifying whether your software is genuine, please see http://www.microsoft.com/piracy/howtotell. • IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THIS END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT (“EULA”), DO NOT USE THE GMX 200 OR COPY THE SOFTWARE. INSTEAD, PROMPTLY CONTACT GARMIN FOR INSTRUCTIONS ON RETURN OF THE UNUSED GMX 200) FOR A REFUND. ANY USE OF THE SOFTWARE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO USE ON THE GMX 200, WILL CONSTITUTE YOUR AGREEMENT TO THIS EULA (OR RATIFICATION OF ANY PREVIOUS CONSENT). • GRANT OF SOFTWARE LICENSE. This EULA grants you the following license: > You may use the SOFTWARE only on the GMX 200. > Restricted Functionality. You are licensed to use the SOFTWARE to provide only the limited functionality (specific tasks or processes) for which the GMX 200 has been designed and marketed by Garmin. This license specifically prohibits any other use of the software programs or functions, or inclusion of additional software programs or functions that do not directly support the limited functionality on the GMX 200. Notwithstanding the foregoing, you may install or enable on a GMX 200, systems utilities, resource management or similar software solely for the purpose of administration, performance enhancement and/or preventive maintenance of the GMX 200. > If you use the GMX 200 to access or utilize the services or functionality of Microsoft Windows Server products (such as Microsoft Windows Server 2003), or use the GMX 200 to permit workstation or computing devices to access or utilize the services or functionality of Microsoft Windows Server products, you may be required to obtain a Client Access License for the GMX 200 and/or each such workstation or computing device. Please refer to the end user license agreement for your Microsoft Windows Server product for additional information. > NOT FAULT TOLERANT. THE SOFTWARE IS NOT FAULT TOLERANT. GARMIN HAS INDEPENDENTLY DETERMINED HOW TO USE THE SOFTWARE IN THE GMX 200, AND MS HAS RELIED UPON GARMIN TO CONDUCT SUFFICIENT TESTING TO DETERMINE THAT THE SOFTWARE IS SUITABLE FOR SUCH USE. > NO WARRANTIES FOR THE SOFTWARE. THE SOFTWARE is provided “AS IS” and with all faults. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO SATISFACTORY QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, ACCURACY, AND EFFORT (INCLUDING LACK OF NEGLIGENCE) IS WITH YOU. ALSO, THERE IS NO WARRANTY AGAINST INTERFERENCE WITH YOUR ENJOYMENT OF THE SOFTWARE OR AGAINST INFRINGEMENT. IF YOU HAVE RECEIVED ANY WARRANTIES REGARDING THE GMX 200 OR THE SOFTWARE, THOSE WARRANTIES DO NOT ORIGINATE FROM, AND ARE NOT BINDING ON, MS. > No Liability for Certain Damages. EXCEPT AS PROHIBITED BY LAW, MS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE. THIS LIMITATION SHALL APPLY EVEN IF ANY REMEDY FAILS OF ITS ESSENTIAL PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL MS BE LIABLE FOR ANY AMOUNT IN EXCESS OF U.S. TWO HUNDRED FIFTY DOLLARS (U.S.$250.00). > Restricted Uses. The SOFTWARE is not designed or intended for use or resale in hazardous environments requiring fail-safe performance, such as in the operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communication systems, air traffic control, or other devices or systems in which a malfunction of the SOFTWARE would result in foreseeable risk of injury or death to the operator of the device or system, or to others. > Limitations on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation, and Disassembly. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the SOFTWARE, except and only to the extent that such activity is expressly permitted by applicable, law notwithstanding this limitation. > SOFTWARE as a Component of the GMX 200 - Transfer. This license may not be shared, transferred to or used concurrently on different computers. The SOFTWARE is licensed with the GMX 200 as a single integrated product and may only be used with the GMX 200. If the SOFTWARE is not accompanied by a GMX 200, you may not use the SOFTWARE. You may permanently transfer all of your rights under this EULA only as part of a permanent sale or transfer of me GMX 200, provided you retain no copies of the SOFTWARE. If the SOFTWARE is an upgrade, any transfer must also include all prior versions of the SOFTWARE. This transfer must also include the Certificate of Authenticity label. The transfer may not be an indirect transfer, such as a consignment. Prior to the transfer, the end user receiving the SOFTWARE must agree to all the EULA terms. > Consent to Use of Data. You agree that MS, Microsoft Corporation and their affiliates may collect and use technical information gathered in any manner as part of product support services related to the SOFTWARE. MS, Microsoft Corporation and their affiliates may use this information solely to improve their products or to provide customized services or technologies to you. MS, Microsoft Corporation and their affiliates may disclose this information to others, but not in a form that personally identifies you. ii 190-00607-02 Rev C Introduction End User License > Internet Gaming/Update Features. If the SOFTWARE provides, and you choose to utilize, the Internet gaming or update features within the SOFTWARE, it is necessary to use certain computer system, hardware, and software information to implement the features. By using these features, you explicitly authorize MS, Microsoft Corporation and/or their designated agent to use this information solely to improve their products or to provide customized services or technologies to you. MS or Microsoft Corporation may disclose this information to others, but not in a form that personally identifies you. > Internet-Based Services Components. The SOFTWARE may contain components that enable and facilitate the use of certain Internet -based services. You acknowledge and agree that MS, Microsoft Corporation or their affiliates may automatically check the version of the SOFTWARE and/or its components that you are utilizing and may provide upgrades or supplements to the SOFTWARE that may be automatically downloaded to your GMX 200. Microsoft Corporation or their affiliates do not use these features to collect any information that will be used to identify you or contact you. For more information about these features, please see the privacy statement at http://go.imcrosoft.com/fwlmk/?LinkId=25243. > Links to Third Party Sites. You may link to third party sites through the use of the SOFTWARE. The third party sites are not under the control of MS or Microsoft Corporation, and MS or Microsoft are not responsible for the contents of any third party sites, any links contained in third party sites, or any changes or updates to third party sites, MS or Microsoft Corporation is not responsible for webcasting or any other form of transmission received from any third party sites. MS or Microsoft Corporation are providing these links to third party sites to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply an endorsement by MS or Microsoft Corporation of the third party site. > Notice Regarding Security. To help protect against breaches of security and malicious software, periodically back up your data and system information, use security features such as firewalls, and install and use security updates. > No Rental/Commercial Hosting. You may not rent, lease, lend or provide commercial hosting services with the SOFTWARE to others. > Separation of Components. The SOFTWARE is licensed as a single product. Its component parts may not be separated for use on more than one computer. > Additional Software/Services. This EULA applies to updates, supplements, add-on components, product support services, or Internet-based services components (“Supplemental Components”), of the SOFTWARE that you may obtain from Garmin, MS, Microsoft Corporation or their subsidiaries after the date you obtain your initial copy of the SOFTWARE, unless you accept updated terms or another agreement governs. If other terms are not provided along with such Supplemental Components and the Supplemental Components are provided to you by MS, Microsoft Corporation or their subsidiaries then you will be licensed by such entity under the same terms and conditions of this EULA, except that (i) MS, Microsoft Corporation or their subsidiaries providing the Supplemental Components will be the licensor with respect to such Supplemental Components in lieu of Garmin for the purposes of the EULA, and (ii) TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. THE SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS AND ANY (IF ANY) SUPPORT SERVICES RELATED TO THE SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS ARE PROVIDED AS IS AND WITH ALL FAULTS. ALL OTHER DISCLAIMERS, LIMITATION OF DAMAGES, AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS PROVIDED BELOW AND/OR OTHERWISE WITH THE SOFTWARE SHALL APPLY TO SUCH SUPPLEMENTAL COMPONENTS. MS, Microsoft Corporation or their subsidiaries reserve the right to discontinue any Internet-based services provided to you or made available to you through the use of the SOFTWARE. > Recovery Media. If SOFTWARE is provided by Garmin on separate media and labeled “Recovery Media” you may use the Recovery Media solely to restore or reinstall the SOFTWARE originally installed on the GMX 200. > Backup Copy. You may make one (1) backup copy of the SOFTWARE. You may use this backup copy solely for your archival purposes and to reinstall the SOFTWARE on the GMX 200. Except as expressly provided in this EULA or by local law, you may not otherwise make copies of the SOFTWARE, including the printed materials accompanying the SOFTWARE. You may not loan, rent, lend or otherwise transfer the backup copy to another user. > End User Proof of License. If you acquired the SOFTWARE on a GMX 200, or on a compact disc or other media, a genuine Microsoft “Proof of License’”/Certificate of Authenticity label with a genuine copy of the SOFTWARE identifies a licensed copy of the SOFTWARE. To be valid, the label must be affixed to the GMX 200, or appear on Garmin’s software packaging. If you receive the label separately other than from Garmin, it is invalid. You should keep the label on the GMX 200 or packaging to prove that you are licensed to use the SOFTWARE. > Product Support. Product support for the SOFTWARE is not provided by MS, Microsoft Corporation, or their affiliates or subsidiaries. For product support, please refer to Garmin’s support number provided in the documentation for the GMX 200. Should you have any questions concerning this EULA or if you desire to contact Garmin for any other reason, please refer to the address provided in the documentation for the GMX 200. > Termination. Without prejudice to any other rights, Garmin may terminate this EULA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this EULA. In such event, you must destroy all copies of the SOFTWARE and all of its component parts. > EXPORT RESTRICTIONS. You acknowledge that SOFTWARE is subject to U.S. and European Union export jurisdiction. You agree to comply with all applicable international and national laws that apply to the SOFTWARE, including, the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, as well as end-user, end-use and destination restrictions issued by U.S. and other governments. For additional information see http://www.microsoft.com/exporting/ . 190-00607-02 Rev C iii Introduction Accessories, Packing List, & Welcome Accessories and Packing List Welcome… To obtain accessories for your GMX 200 please contact your Garmin dealer. Welcome to a new era of aviation navigation. Once again, Garmin has set new standards in features and ease of use for the general aviation public. The GMX 200 Multi-Function Display provides a focal point for integrating many of your navigation needs in an easy to use and convenient package. Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration form today! Registration ensures that you will be notified of product updates and new products and provides lost or stolen unit tracking. Please, have the serial number of your GMX 200 handy, connect to our web site (www.garmin.com) and look for our Product Registration link on the home page. NOTE: The GMX 200 display lens is coated with a special anti-reflective coating which is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. It is very important to clean the lens using an eyeglass cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings and a clean, lint-free cloth. The GMX 200 presents a wealth of information on its six-inch diagonal, 640x480 pixel, color display. The many features are organized as distinct functions. Each function allows varying degrees of customization. The custom map function is customizable so you can create a display for almost any configuration you require. The other functions provide more limited levels of customization. The GMX 200 is capable of creating powerful overlay views where information from a variety of sources can be presented simultaneously in proper relationship to each other, thus greatly increasing situational awareness for the pilot. You can be confident in knowing that you are the owner of the state-of-the-art in aviation and navigation. The GMX 200 architecture is designed to support full expansion for both software and hardware enhancements. This flexibility protects your investment and allows for the ease of adding new features. Our products are built to last and to allow the flexibility to meet your needs as they change in the future. iv 190-00607-02 Rev C Introduction Limitations About This Manual This manual may be used as a summary, a reference, and a learning tool. Information is provided about all of the functions available to the GMX 200. Your specific installation may not include all of these functions. Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with the various sections in this manual. The Getting Started section gives an introduction to the controls, basic operation, and organization of the functions in your GMX 200. Be sure to read the Getting Started section to learn the rules for using the GMX 200. The Detailed Operation section (starting on page 15) is the reference for each of the functions in the GMX 200. Refer to the Detailed Operation section when you want to get into the details on every function and option along with step-by-step instructions. Not every function is available in every installation. Limitations The Traffic function is not a collision avoidance system. It is an aid to visual acquisition and does not relieve the flight crew of their responsibility to “see and avoid.” There are no evasive aircraft maneuvers authorized, recommended, or provided for as a result of displayed traffic targets. Refer to the traffic sensor documentation for additional information. commencing the maneuver. Uncoordinated deviations may place an aircraft in close proximity to other aircraft under ATC control not seen on the airborne equipment and may possibly result in the issuance of a pilot deviation. The Terrain function shows you the general terrain elevations relative to your altitude and are advisory in nature. Individual obstructions may be shown if available in the database. Terrain is displayed from database information and may therefore contain errors. The Terrain function does not relieve the flight crew of their responsibility to “see and avoid.” Do not use this information for navigation. The moving map, weather information, and other displayed information are meant to be aids to situational awareness. The pilot should rely on the appropriate primary means of navigation and consult official and approved data sources prior to and during each flight. Refer to your airplane flight manual supplement for more information. All pilots/operators are reminded that the airborne equipment that displays other ADS-B equipped aircraft and transponder equipped aircraft via TIS-B is for pilot situational awareness and is not approved as a collision avoidance tool. Any deviation from an air traffic control clearance based on cockpit information must be approved by the controlling ATC facility prior to 190-00607-02 Rev C  Introduction Table of Contents Table of Contents Traffic Information Services (TIS)........................................... 12 Polar Navigation................................................................... 12 Introduction............................................................... i History of Revisions................................................................. i Ordering Information.............................................................. i End User License Agreement (“EULA”) ...................................ii Accessories and Packing List...................................................iv Welcome…............................................................................iv About This Manual..................................................................v Limitations..............................................................................v Getting Started........................................................ 1 Functions............................................................................... 1 GMX 200 Function List..................................................... 1 Display................................................................................... 3 Message Flag.................................................................... 3 Controls................................................................................. 4 Power On ........................................................................ 4 Power............................................................................... 4 Brightness........................................................................ 4 Rotary Knob..................................................................... 4 Function (FN) Key............................................................. 4 MENU/ENT....................................................................... 5 Menu Item....................................................................... 5 Data Card.............................................................................. 5 Annunciations........................................................................ 6 Advisory Flags................................................................... 6 ADS-B Traffic.................................................................... 6 TAS/TCAD/TIS-A Traffic..................................................... 6 Radar............................................................................... 6 Terrain.............................................................................. 6 Lightning.......................................................................... 6 ADS-B Status Annunciation.............................................. 6 Basic Operation...................................................................... 8 Start Up Screen...................................................................... 8 Confirm Current Baro Correction........................................... 9 Function Selection.................................................................. 9 Advisory Hot Key.................................................................. 10 Normal Cruise Condition................................................ 10 Viewing the Advisory...................................................... 10 Returning To Normal Condition...................................... 10 Alert Hot Key....................................................................... 10 Options Menu...................................................................... 10 Thumbnail Feature............................................................... 11 Traffic on Thumbnail....................................................... 11 Terrain on the Thumbnail................................................ 11 Obstructions on the Thumbnail....................................... 11 Thumbnail Activation...................................................... 11 vi Detailed Operation................................................. 15 Message Log (MSG) . ....................................................................15 Custom Map (MAP).......................................................................16 Initial Zoom Level................................................................. 16 Map Scale............................................................................ 16 Auto Zoom.......................................................................... 16 Pan ..................................................................................... 17 Info . ................................................................................... 17 Info In Pan Mode................................................................. 17 Custom Map Menu Option Page 1....................................... 18 Flight Plan............................................................................ 18 Map Orientation.................................................................. 18 Invert................................................................................... 18 Nav Data.............................................................................. 18 Load Chart (Optional)........................................................... 19 Custom Map Menu Option Page 2....................................... 19 Airports.......................................................................... 19 Hot Spots....................................................................... 20 VORs.................................................................................... 21 VOR Highlight................................................................ 21 VOR OBS.............................................................................. 21 ILS/Localizer Depiction ................................................... 22 Localizer Back Course Display ........................................ 22 NDBs . ................................................................................. 22 Intersections......................................................................... 22 Airspace............................................................................... 22 Custom Map Menu Option Page 3....................................... 23 Low Airways........................................................................ 23 High Airways........................................................................ 23 Water................................................................................... 23 Roads................................................................................... 23 Cities................................................................................... 23 Custom Map Menu Option Page 4....................................... 24 Boundaries........................................................................... 24 Nexrad................................................................................. 24 METARs................................................................................ 24 Lightning............................................................................. 24 Cell Move............................................................................ 24 Custom Map Menu Option Page 5....................................... 24 Airport Chart (ChartView).................................................... 25 Terrain.................................................................................. 25 Obstructions........................................................................ 26 Traffic................................................................................... 26 Strikes . ............................................................................... 26 IFR En Route (IFR) Chart Function.................................................27 SafeTaxi................................................................................ 27 190-00607-02 Rev C Introduction Table of Contents Hot Spots............................................................................. 27 IFR Option Page 1................................................................ 28 Flight Plan............................................................................ 28 Map Orientation.................................................................. 28 Invert................................................................................... 28 Nav Data.............................................................................. 28 Label.................................................................................... 29 IFR Option Page 2................................................................ 29 Low Airways........................................................................ 29 High Airways........................................................................ 29 Airport Chart (Jepp ChartView)............................................ 29 Load Chart........................................................................... 30 VFR Chart (VFR) Function..............................................................31 SafeTaxi................................................................................ 31 Hot Spots............................................................................. 31 Flight Plan............................................................................ 32 Map Orientation.................................................................. 32 Invert................................................................................... 32 Nav Data.............................................................................. 32 Label.................................................................................... 32 Split Screen (SPLIT) Function.........................................................33 TAS / TCAD Traffic (TRAF) Function ...............................................34 Traffic Depiction................................................................... 34 Symbology........................................................................... 34 Alert Hot Key....................................................................... 34 Traffic Alert Pop-Up.............................................................. 34 Vert Smart Key (TAS)............................................................ 35 Traffic Status Indicators........................................................ 35 Off Scale........................................................................ 35 Standby (TAS)................................................................. 35 Test (TAS)........................................................................ 35 Not Displayed................................................................. 35 TAS Fail.......................................................................... 35 TAS Data Fail.................................................................. 35 TAS Data Time-Out......................................................... 35 No Bearing Advisories.......................................................... 35 TAS Menu Options............................................................... 35 Traffic Alert Mode (Pop-Up/Prompt)................................ 35 Standby Mode................................................................ 35 Self-Test.......................................................................... 35 TCAD 9900B Menu Options................................................. 36 Altitude Option (Relative/Pressure).................................. 36 Filter............................................................................... 36 Volume........................................................................... 36 Approach Mode............................................................. 36 Mute Duration................................................................ 36 Shield............................................................................. 36 Shield Heights................................................................ 36 Shield Ranges................................................................. 36 TCAD 9900BX Menu Options............................................... 36 Altitude Option (Relative/Pressure).................................. 36 Filter............................................................................... 36 Volume........................................................................... 36 Approach Mode............................................................. 36 Ground/Flight Mode....................................................... 36 ADS-B Traffic (TRAF) Function ......................................................37 Traffic Description................................................................ 38 TIS-B Traffic.................................................................... 39 TIS-B Limitations............................................................. 40 Degraded Target............................................................. 41 Target Color................................................................... 41 Surface Targets .............................................................. 41 Traffic Altitude Values..................................................... 41 Ident.............................................................................. 41 Operation....................................................................... 41 Traffic Option Page 1............................................................ 42 Transmit Status ................................................................... 42 ADS-B Broadcast Mode Control............................................ 42 Broadcast FID................................................................. 42 Broadcast VFR................................................................ 42 Enter Code (ADS-B Air Traffic Source)................................... 42 Set 1200.............................................................................. 43 Services................................................................................ 43 Traffic Menu Option Page 2.................................................. 43 Time.................................................................................... 43 Traffic Altitude Filter............................................................. 43 Altitude Option (Relative/Absolute) . ................................... 44 Flight Plan............................................................................ 44 Traffic Map Orientation ....................................................... 44 Traffic Menu Option Page 3.................................................. 44 Display Mode....................................................................... 44 Graphic Display.............................................................. 44 Text Display.................................................................... 44 Enter FID.............................................................................. 45 Label.................................................................................... 45 TIS-A Traffic (TRAF) Function ........................................................45 Traffic Depiction................................................................... 46 TIS-A Menu Options............................................................. 46 Alert Hot Key (TA Prompt) ............................................. 46 Traffic Alert Pop-Up (TA Popup)...................................... 46 Operate/Standby ........................................................... 47 Symbology........................................................................... 47 Traffic Status Indicators........................................................ 47 Flight Plan (FPL) Function..............................................................48 METARs................................................................................ 48 Terrain (TER) Function...................................................................50 190-00607-02 Rev C vii Introduction Table of Contents Internal GMX 200-Based Terrain........................................... 50 Obstructions........................................................................ 50 Terrain Option Page.............................................................. 51 Flight Plan............................................................................ 51 TRK Up Arc/TRK Up 360....................................................... 51 Set Barometer (Pressure Altitude only).................................. 51 TER Data Flag....................................................................... 52 External TAWS-Based Terrain Display.................................... 52 TAWS Pop-Up Modes........................................................... 52 UAT Flight Information Service (FIS) Function .............................53 Text Display.......................................................................... 54 Viewing Text................................................................... 54 Clearing Text FIS Messages............................................. 54 Sorting Text FIS Messages............................................... 54 GDL 69/69A Flight Information Service (FIS) Function . ...............55 Weather Product Zoom Scale............................................... 55 Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)...................................... 55 NEXRAD Description............................................................ 56 NEXRAD Abnormalities................................................... 56 NEXRAD Limitations....................................................... 56 NEXRAD Intensity........................................................... 56 Current................................................................................ 57 NEXRAD......................................................................... 57 METARs.......................................................................... 58 Lightning........................................................................ 58 Cell Movement............................................................... 58 Cloud Tops..................................................................... 59 Echo Tops....................................................................... 60 Winds Aloft.................................................................... 60 Winds Aloft Altitude....................................................... 60 TFR Label........................................................................ 61 GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 3............................ 61 Label.............................................................................. 61 Flight Plan...................................................................... 61 Legend........................................................................... 61 Map Detail..................................................................... 62 Map Orientation............................................................. 62 Product Times................................................................. 63 Forecast............................................................................... 63 Surface Analysis.............................................................. 64 City................................................................................ 65 Forecast Time................................................................. 65 SIGMET.......................................................................... 65 AIRMET.......................................................................... 65 GDL 69/69A FIS Forecast Menu Page 2........................... 66 Freezing Levels................................................................ 66 County........................................................................... 66 Cyclone.......................................................................... 66 viii TFR Label........................................................................ 66 Label.............................................................................. 66 GDL 69/69A FIS Forecast Menu Page 3........................... 66 Flight Plan...................................................................... 67 Legend........................................................................... 67 Map Detail..................................................................... 67 Map Orientation............................................................. 67 Text...................................................................................... 68 Selecting Categories and Messages................................ 68 Sorting METAR, TAF, and TFR Text Messages................... 69 View............................................................................... 69 Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)................................. 69 Status.................................................................................. 70 Product Status................................................................ 70 Diagnostics..................................................................... 70 Activation....................................................................... 71 Activating XM Radio Services............................................... 71 Gather Information......................................................... 71 XM Satellite Radio Activation . ...................................... 72 Lightning Strikes (LT) Function......................................................73 Lightning Menu Page 1........................................................ 73 Flight Plan............................................................................ 73 Display View (360/120)........................................................ 73 Lightning............................................................................. 73 Strike.............................................................................. 74 Cell................................................................................ 74 Heading Stabilization........................................................... 74 System Data......................................................................... 74 Lightning Menu Page 2........................................................ 74 Demo................................................................................... 74 Self-Test............................................................................... 74 Noise Monitor...................................................................... 75 Strike Test............................................................................ 75 Antenna Change Message................................................... 75 FliteChart (CHART) Function (Optional).........................................76 Data Card....................................................................... 76 FliteChart Function............................................................... 76 Menu Items.......................................................................... 78 Search ID........................................................................ 78 Select Airport................................................................. 79 Select Chart.................................................................... 79 ChartView (CHART) Function (Optional)........................................80 Overview.............................................................................. 80 Chart Data Source................................................................ 81 Data Card....................................................................... 81 Chart Geo-Referencing . ................................................ 81 Hot Spots....................................................................... 81 Chart Overlay in the Custom/IFR Map................................... 81 190-00607-02 Rev C Introduction Table of Contents Selecting the Airport....................................................... 81 Loading the Approach Chart........................................... 82 Viewing the Chart as an Overlay.......................................... 83 Display of Coverage Area................................................ 83 Chart Zooming............................................................... 83 Chart Panning................................................................ 83 Chart Orientation........................................................... 83 Chart Info....................................................................... 83 ChartView Function............................................................. 84 Menu Items.......................................................................... 85 Search ID........................................................................ 85 Select Airport................................................................. 86 Select Chart.................................................................... 86 View Loaded.................................................................. 86 Load to Map................................................................... 86 Airport Surface Charts.......................................................... 87 Viewing Surface Charts.................................................. 87 Operational Considerations.................................................. 88 When to Load a Chart.................................................... 88 Flying an Approach......................................................... 88 Approach to Surface Map Transitions.............................. 88 Chart NOTAMS............................................................... 88 Important System Limitations.......................................... 88 Invert Option.................................................................. 88 Hot Spots....................................................................... 88 Typical Operational Scenario................................................. 89 Typical Taxi Scenario........................................................ 89 Typical Take Off Scenario................................................. 89 Typical Approach Scenario.............................................. 89 Typical Landing Scenario................................................. 89 Radar (RADAR) Function................................................................90 Off Mode....................................................................... 90 Standby/On Mode ......................................................... 90 Test Mode ..................................................................... 91 Weather Mode .............................................................. 91 MAP Mode..................................................................... 91 Manual Gain (GWX 68 only)........................................... 91 Horizontal Mode............................................................ 92 Vertical Mode (GWX 68 and ART2000/2100 only).......... 92 Range Control................................................................ 92 Tilt Control..................................................................... 92 Bearing Control (GWX 68/ART2000/2100 only).............. 92 Gain Control.................................................................. 93 Hold Control.................................................................. 93 Cursor Pre-Select Operation (GWX 68 and ART2000/2100 only) ...................................................................................... 93 Sector Scan (GWX 68 only)............................................. 94 Radar Alert (GWX 68 only)............................................. 94 Radar Setup Page................................................................. 94 Stabilization (STAB)......................................................... 94 Target Alert (GWX 68 only)............................................. 94 Garmin GWX 68 Radar Description...................................... 97 Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar................... 97 Radar Signal Attenuation................................................ 98 Radar Signal Reflectivity....................................................... 99 Precipitation................................................................... 99 Ground Returns.............................................................. 99 Angle of Incidence........................................................ 100 Operating DISTANCE.......................................................... 100 MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVEL (MPEL)............. 100 Antenna Tilt Setup at Cruise Altitude................................. 101 Weather Mapping and Interpretation................................. 102 Weather display Interpretation...................................... 102 Thunderstorms............................................................. 102 Tornadoes..................................................................... 104 Hail.............................................................................. 104 XM Satellite Radio (XM) Function...............................................105 Menu Page 1..................................................................... 106 Radio ID....................................................................... 106 Save Preset................................................................... 107 Last Channel................................................................ 107 Menu Pages 2-4................................................................. 107 Volume.............................................................................. 108 Mute............................................................................ 108 Channels............................................................................ 108 Categories......................................................................... 109 Direct Access...................................................................... 109 Activating XM Satellite Radio Services................................. 110 Gather Information....................................................... 110 XM Advisory Messages....................................................... 111 System (SYS) Function.................................................................112 System Nav Pages.............................................................. 112 Ownship Symbol ......................................................... 112 Lat/Lon Format............................................................. 112 Set Baro Correction Units (Pressure Altitude Source only) 112 Set Baro Correction (Pressure Altitude Source only)....... 112 Display Latitude/Longitude Lines .................................. 112 Initial En Route Zoom Scale, Initial Ground Zoom Scale, and Transition Speed...................................................... 113 Slave Zoom to GPS Zoom............................................. 113 AutoLoad Electronic Charts........................................... 114 Altitude Units............................................................... 114 Map Detail................................................................... 114 System Info Pages.............................................................. 114 System Information...................................................... 114 Feature Information...................................................... 115 190-00607-02 Rev C ix Introduction Hardware Information.................................................. 115 Port Status.................................................................... 115 Data Link Status .......................................................... 115 System Test Pages.............................................................. 115 Test Pattern 1............................................................... 116 Red, Green, Blue, White, and Black Test Patterns.......... 116 Test Pattern 2............................................................... 116 Troubleshooting..........................................................................117 GDL 69/69A FIS Legends.............................................................119 Sample GDL 69/69A FIS Displays.................................................120 Specifications..............................................................................121 Physical Specifications........................................................ 121 Power................................................................................ 121 Environmental.................................................................... 121 Care Information.........................................................................122 Cleaning the Unit............................................................... 122 Contacting the Factory....................................................... 122 Glossary.......................................................................................123 Abbreviations..............................................................................124 License and Registration Information.........................................127 Contacting the Factory ...............................................................127 Software License Agreement.............................................. 127 Product Registration and Support....................................... 127 Limited Warranty.........................................................................128 Index............................................................................................129  190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Functions Getting Started GMX 200 Function List This section explains how to get started using the GMX 200. Information in this section describes the controls, data card, display, and basic operation. After reading this section, go to the Detailed Operation section for expanded explanations for each feature. Functions The GMX 200 contains fourteen major separate functions for the display of information. The function names are shown as “smart” keys at the bottom of the display. The “smart” key is the combination of a label above a triangle key at the bottom of the display. The labels above the triangle keys change to reflect the choices available to you for each function. Press the FN key to show the available functions. Press the “smart” key below the function label to go to the desired function. While in each function, press the MENU/ENT key to show the options for each function. The options are shown on the right side of the display. Press the Menu Item key to manipulate the options. Some options toggle on/off, while some are tri-state (three choices) and others cycle through a series of choices. 190-00607-02 Rev C • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • MSG - Message Log MAP - Custom Map IFR - IFR Chart VFR - VFR Chart Split - Split Screen Traffic - TAS/TCAD/IHAS Traffic - ADS-B TRAF Traffic - TIS-A FPL - Flight Plan TER - Internal/TAWS Terrain FIS-B - Flight Information Service (GDL 90 UAT) FIS - Flight Information Service (GDL 69/69A) XM - XM Satellite Radio LT - Lightning Strikes CHART - FliteChart or ChartView RADAR - Weather Radar SYS - System Information  Getting Started Functions The Message Log displays information from the GMX 200 or reported to the GMX 200 by its external sensors. A flashing MSG annunciator notifies you of a new message that should be viewed. The Custom Map function allows you to completely customize the displayed map by overlaying selected information. The Custom Map can become cluttered if you choose every option, so use discretion. The IFR Chart function provides an IFR en route style map on the display. The VFR Chart function provides a VFR sectional style map on the display. The Split Screen function allows up to two of the other functions to be displayed side by side and an optional vertical profile across the bottom of the display. The terrain and profile features are not available if altitude data is not available or if a TAWS sensor is connected to the GMX 200. The Traffic function (when installed) shows nearby traffic and details about each target. The Flight Plan function provides details about your flight plan and each waypoint. The Terrain function shows a color coded map of terrain elevation in relation to your altitude. An altitude sensor or TAWS sensor is required to provide altitude data. The Flight Information Services (FIS) function is capable of displaying text and graphic weather information with GDL 90 UAT- and GDL 69/69A installations. A subscription for the services is required with the GDL 69/69A, The Lightning (LT) function, when connected to the L3 WX500 Stormscope, displays lightning strike information. The Chart feature provides the capability to view Garmin FliteChart or Jeppesen Sanderson Inc. electronic charts. Garmin’s FliteChart shows approach charts. Jeppesen Sanderson’s ChartView provides approach charts and airport surface charts. The XM function allows the reception of XM Satellite Radio entertainment broadcasts when the GDL 69A is installed and a subscription to the XM Radio service is activated. The Radar Function allows weather radar from the Garmin GWX 68, ART2000, ART2100, RS 811A, or RS 181A to be displayed. The System Information function lets you set general preferences, show software version information, and test the display.  190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Controls Display The GMX 200 display provides text and graphic information to give a “picture” of your flight and surroundings. The display brightness may be set manually or allowed to automatically adjust to ambient light conditions. At the bottom of the display, labels above the function keys change to show the different choices for each function to allow access to commonly used actions. A typical Custom Map function display is shown below. Message Flag The Message flag will appear on the lower left side of the display when a new message is posted. Go to the Message function to view the information about the operation or status of the GMX 200. 190-00607-02 Rev C  Getting Started Data Card Controls Power On The power switch is located in the upper right corner of the GMX 200. Press the “+” rocker switch to turn the power on. The GMX 200 will progress through a series of startup screens. The final startup screen shows System Information and the results of the Self-Test. Arrows indicate rotary knob direction Rotary Knob Round push-button symbol indicates the function affected when the rotary knob is depressed Rotary Knob / Function Keys Function (FN) Key Power The power and display brightness are controlled by a rocker switch. The Function keys are made up of one dedicated key on the lower left side of the display and the four “smart” keys to the right of it. Press the function (FN) key repeatedly to scroll through the available functions. The functions will appear above the “smart” function keys in turquoise. Power Rocker Switch “Smart” Function Key Labels Press both the “-” and “+” rocker switches and hold them down for at least three seconds to turn the power off. Brightness Press the “-” and “+” rocker switches individually to adjust the display brightness manually. Press the “-” and “+” rocker switches at the same time for one to three seconds, then release them to have the GMX 200 set the brightness automatically based on current lighting conditions. Rotary Knob The rotary knob on the lower right corner of the GMX 200 is used to move the cursor in Pan mode and to zoom in and out while viewing maps. The rotary knob complements the action of the function keys in some functions by pressing and turning the knob. Arrows will appear above the function keys indicating the direction to turn the rotary knob for the same effect. A round push button symbol (“o”) will appear indicating that pressing the rotary knob will have the same effect.  “Smart” Function Keys Function Keys Use the FN key to display a list of the main functions, such as Map, IFR, Terrain, etc. Each time you press the FN key you will step through the list of functions. After you press one of the function “smart” keys at the bottom of the display, the function keys change to provide options to control the display related to the current function, now in green. Change the function keys back to the function list by pressing the FN key. 190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Display MENU/ENT Data Card The MENU/ENT key is located on the bottom right corner of the GMX 200. Press the MENU/ENT key to show a menu of options to modify the display of the current function. Press the MENU/ENT key to hide the menu. If no action is taken, the menu will automatically extinguish in 20 seconds. The Map databases and other information are stored on a data card. The use of a data card allows you to easily update information. Only change the data card when the power is turned off. Only Garmin-approved datacards can be used. MENU/ENT Key Menu Item The Menu Item keys are on the right side of the GMX 200. Press the MENU/ENT key to see the options for the current function. Press the Menu Item key next to each option to scroll through the choices for each option. Some options support tri-state or multiple choices, such as in Map mode. When you select a tristate option, the option label will change with each key press between filled cyan (active), filled white (intermediate), and black (inactive). Menu Item Keys Data Card and Slot Handle your data card carefully. Do not touch the connector edge of the data card. To eject the card, press the card in until it “clicks” and then pull the card straight out of the slot. Insert a data card by pushing the card straight into the slot until it “clicks.” When fully inserted, the data card will be flush and slightly recessed into the bezel. When contacting your dealer or the Garmin customer service department, eject the data card and write down the information shown on the label. Menu Item Labels Menu Item Key Layout 190-00607-02 Rev C  Getting Started Annunciations Annunciations Radar Advisory flags, data flags, and messages appear on the display to give information about the status of the GMX 200 or to provide operating information. The Radar Alert flag will appear when Target Alerts are present on two consecutive sweeps within 10° of your heading. Advisory Flags Terrain Annunciations will appear on the upper left side of the display to provide advisories for Traffic, Terrain, and Lightning. Advisory information is monitored and displayed regardless of the selected function. Advisory flags will flash for approximately 10 seconds when they first appear and then turn solid while they are still valid. Advisory icons will reduce in size if more than two advisory conditions exist. Advisory Flags The Terrain advisory flag will appear on the left side of the display when the terrain surface or obstacle altitude is within approximately 100 feet of your altitude and within approximately two minutes of flight in any direction. Lightning The Lightning advisory flag will show on the left side of the display when the WX500 sends an indication that lightning has been detected within 50 NM of your location. See the WX500 manual for details about range and other capabilities. Data Flags Data flags appear on the left side of the display to notify you when there is a loss of reported information. The data usually displayed, such as lightning or nearby terrain, may still exist, but may not be displayed for technical reasons. For instance, when the amber TRAF data flag appears it means that the GMX 200 is not receiving Traffic information from the sensor. Any existing traffic will not be displayed on the GMX 200. All data flags are yellow unless otherwise indicated. ADS-B Traffic The Traffic advisory flag will appear on the left side of the display when the GDL 90 reports a traffic alert. This Traffic advisory is only available when the ADS-B system with a UAT data link is installed and operational. Refer to the TIS Traffic section for a description of TIS-A and TIS-B. TAS/TCAD/TIS-A Traffic The Traffic Advisory/Alert will appear in amber on the left side of the display when the traffic sensor indicates an alerting condition. Refer to the TIS Traffic section for a description of TIS-A and TIS-B.  ADS-B Status Annunciation When the GMX 200 Code Edit option is enabled, an annunciation will appear in the top left portion of the display to indicate the Flight ID broadcast status and the current ADS-B code. The top half will indicate the operation being used: Broadcast FID (FID), Broadcast VFR (VFR), or Stand-By (STBY). The bottom half will show the transponder code that is being used. When a ADS-B code has not been selected, the code in the bottom half will be replaced by dashes. 190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Annunciations Data Flag (Green) (Green Flashing) Description No valid position information is available from the source. Do not expect a valid position representation on the maps. No valid route (flight plan) is available from the external navigation source. Route (flight plan) information will not be shown on the maps. No valid altitude information is available from the external source. Altitude related functions will not operate, such as terrain awareness. No traffic information is received from the optional traffic sensor. Traffic will not be displayed. The GPS receiver in the GDL 90 UAT is not reporting a valid position. ADS-B broadcast will not include a valid position report. No valid lightning detection information is being received from the optional Stormscope sensor. Strike and cell information will not be displayed. Terrain coverage is not available for some part of the terrain advisory coverage area. Terrain advisories may not be provided. When connected to the SL30, indicates the SL30 is not available or valid. ILS, OBS, and VORs will not be highlighted. Indicates that radar status information is not available from the optional external radar transmitter head. Radar related functionality may not be available. Indicates that the radar is ON and transmitting RF energy. Appropriate precautions should be taken. Indicates that the radar is in Hold and is transmitting RF energy. Appropriate precautions should be taken. Displayed when the GDL 90 is in Ident mode. (Green) No valid terrain information is available from the optional external source. No valid data link information is available from the optional external source. All data flags are yellow, except as noted. 190-00607-02 Rev C  Getting Started Data Flags Basic Operation Start Up Screen Use the following items to get a basic feel for the operation of the GMX 200. The basic steps for using any of the separate functions of the GMX 200 are: • Turn the power on. • Adjust the brightness or leave in automatic mode. • Check that all tests pass on the Start Up screen. • Press the FN key to view available functions. Each press of the FN key will step through the lists of functions. • Press the key below the function label to select the desired function. • Confirm or enter the current barometric pressure (if prompted). • Press the MENU/ENT key to display available options. • Press the Menu Item key next to the displayed option to choose desired capabilities. Some options use multiple key presses for different states for the option. Press the MENU/ENT key again to extinguish the option display. • Refer to the Detailed Operation section for more details on each function. The Start Up screen is displayed while the GMX 200 goes through its initialization and testing routines. System information is shown that provides the GMX 200 software, hardware, and database versions. The results of the self test are shown. A check mark shows that the test passed. If any of the Self-Tests fail (red “x”), contact your dealer or the factory.  190-00607-02 Rev C Start Up Screen After Passing Tests. Hardware version will vary depending on the configuration you have. Getting Started Start Up and Baro Correction Confirm Current Baro Correction Function Selection When the altitude source is an altitude encoder, a window that displays the current barometric value will appear after you press the first “smart” key, and then every 30 minutes. This window will not appear when GPS altitude is used. You must verify the current value or enter a new value. Press + or turn the rotary knob clockwise to increase the value. Press - or turn the rotary knob counter-clockwise to decrease the value. Press OK to confirm the existing values or to accept changes you have just entered. Press the FN key to view the different Functions. The functions are shown above the function “smart” keys on the lower part of the display in blue. Press the function key under the function label to activate that function. The labels above the function key will change to reflect the custom “smart” controls for that function (in green). All of the described functions may not be available in each installation. Function MSG MAP IFR VFR SPLIT TRAF FPL TER FIS Barometric Pressure Confirmation XM LT CHART RADAR SYS 190-00607-02 Rev C Description Message Log Function Custom Map Function IFR En Route Map VFR Sectional Map Split Screen (Displays Two Functions) Traffic Display Flight Plan Information Terrain Depiction Flight Information Service - Graphic and Text Weather XM Satellite Radio Audio Lightning Detection and Reporting Chart (FliteChart) or Chart (ChartView) Weather Radar Function System Information  Getting Started Function Selection Advisory Hot Key The “Advisory Hot Key” feature allows advisory conditions to be quickly viewed with minimal effort by the pilot. This feature is comprised of three components: 1. A white advisory flag on the left side of the screen indicates an advisory condition. The corresponding Function label will also be highlighted in white when selecting a new Function with the FN key. This feature allows any Function with a pending advisory to be quickly recognized in the Function menu. 2. When a function is entered that has an advisory posted, the zoom level will be adjusted to show the advisory causing object (terrain for example), and the map orientation will be forced to “Track Up 360” to get a good view of what is around the aircraft. 3. When returning to the previous Function after viewing a Function with an advisory, the original zoom and map mode will be restored. This feature is designed to allow the pilot to establish a preferred “cruise” map setup and quickly view an advisory, then return back to the previous setting. For example: Normal Cruise Condition Custom Map Function is being viewed at 5 NM in the ARC mode. Terrain Advisory Occurs at 10 NM in front of aircraft: The Terrain Advisory Indicator flashes then goes steady on the left side of the display. Viewing the Advisory The pilot presses the FN key and sees the TER Function highlighted in white, indicating it has an advisory condition. Pressing the TER key to enter the 10 Terrain Function at this point will automatically adjust the zoom level to 10 NM and place the unit in full “360” mode to show overall situational awareness. Returning To Normal Condition After evaluating the advisory, to return to normal viewing simply select the original Function that was being viewed before the advisory was viewed. When this is done, the zoom level will be set back to 5 NM and the display mode will be returned to ARC mode. Alert Hot Key Traffic alerts go one step further than the Advisory hot key feature and will automatically bring up the Function Menu showing the Traffic function. This is called the “prompt” mode. A single key press can then be used to switch the display to the Traffic function. The Alert hot key feature will automatically clear when the traffic alert condition no longer exists. Also note that a “pop-up” mode can be enabled on the Traffic function, which makes the Traffic page “pop-up” when a Traffic Advisory occurs. The “prompt” or “pop-up” mode is selected in the Traffic function. Options Menu Most functions have a number of options available. Press the MENU/ENT key to see the options for the current function. You change an option by pressing one of the Menu Item keys that are to the right of the displayed option. Many options have more than two choices. Press the same Menu Item key repeatedly to view or select the available choices. Some functions have several pages of options. The lower Menu Item key will allow you to reach the Next Page when multiple pages are available. Press the MENU/ENT key a second time to remove the menu from view or wait 20 seconds for the options to automatically extinguish. 190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Advisory Hot Key Thumbnail Feature Terrain on the Thumbnail The Thumbnail feature provides a small map depiction that is overlaid in the upper left corner of the GMX 200 display. It provides for enhanced traffic and terrain situational awareness when not specifically viewing traffic or terrain related functions. For example, both traffic and terrain situational awareness can be maintained while viewing the Flight Plan Function. Obstructions Traffic Only “Red” terrain within the 5 NM range is presented on the Thumbnail. This correlates directly to terrain that is rendered in red on the normal Terrain Function based on the internal terrain database. External TAWS-based terrain from the Goodrich Landmark is not shown on the Thumbnail. Ownship Terrain Obstructions on the Thumbnail Only “Red” obstructions within the 5 NM range are presented on the Thumbnail. This correlates directly to obstructions that are rendered in red on the other functions. Thumbnail Activation Zoom Level Thumbnail view of conflicting terrain and traffic The Thumbnail is shown in both a small and large format, depending on the function currently being viewed. The Thumbnail is typically presented in the larger format when overlaid on a map. However, on some functions where the Thumbnail would overlay critical information, the smaller format is utilized. The Thumbnail provides a fixed 5 NM range view with a solid circle and a 2 NM inner circle. The range depicted by the Thumbnail is not affected by the current zoom scale set on the main map functions. Traffic on Thumbnail TIS, TAS, TCAS, or ADS-B traffic is shown on the Thumbnail in the same symbology used within the Traffic Function. Any traffic within sensor range and 5 NM is shown, in addition to traffic causing an amber Traffic Alert (TA) traffic. Note that the GMX 200 supports one traffic sensor in any installation. The Thumbnail incorporates logic that will either show or hide the thumbnail from view. It will only be shown when there is data to be presented and will be removed if not. For example, if there is no “Red” terrain or traffic within 5 NM, the Thumbnail will be hidden from view. The Thumbnail will not appear on the Traffic Function page if only traffic would be presented in the Thumbnail. Correspondingly, it is not shown on the Terrain page if only terrain would be presented in the Thumbnail. This logic eliminates redundant views that would be created by the Thumbnail and normal views of traffic and terrain. Additionally, the Thumbnail is disabled while operating on the ground. This state is determined by the “En Route/ Ground Transition Speed” set in the System Function page and is based on GPS ground speed. 190-00607-02 Rev C 11 Getting Started Thumbnail and TIS Traffic Information Services (TIS) There are two versions of TIS: TIS-A and TIS-B. Both are described below. In the TIS-A system, ground radar sensors collect target information. The ground radar sensor then determines the targets in the vicinity of your aircraft and their bearing relative to your track. Up to eight of the targets are transmitted by the ground radar sensor the next time it communicates with your TIS-A enabled transponder. In the TIS-B system, the ground radar sensors collect target information much the same as in the TIS-A system. However, with TIS-B, all targets collected by the ground radar sensor are broadcast to all aircraft equipped with UAT data link radios and that are within coverage of UAT ground broadcast stations. Polar Navigation When operating the GMX 200 in polar areas (above 72° north latitude or below 60° south latitude), the external position source must be set to True North navigation. Select True North navigation by setting Magnetic Variation to zero in the position source. 12 190-00607-02 Rev C Getting Started Function Summary Summary Press Function Keys Press Menu Item Keys Press Menu Item Keys Custom Map IFR Map VFR Map Traffic* Flight Plan Terrain*,** FIS Data Link* Lightning* Profile** (Optional by Installation) TAS TCAD 9900B Alert Mode Operate Mode Vert ABV NRM BLW UNR TCAD 9900BX Alert Mode Altitude Option Altitude Filter Volume Approach Mode Mute Duration Shield Shield Heights Shield Ranges ADS-B Traffic Alert Mode Altitude Option Altitude Filter Volume Approach Mode Gnd/Flt Mode TIS-A Time Transmit Alt Altitude Option Flight Plan Map Orient Display Mode Enter FID Label Diagnostic Press Menu Item Keys Airport Chart* Terrain Obstructions Traffic* Strikes* Low Airways High Airways Airport Chart* Load Chart* Flight Plan Map Orient Invert Nav Data Label Press Menu Item Keys Boundaries Nexrad* Metars* Lightning* Cell Move* Flight Plan Map Orient Invert Nav Data Label TRAF SPLIT Press Menu Item Keys Low Airways High Airways Water Roads Cities VFR Press Menu Item Keys Press Menu Item Keys Airports VORs NDBs Intersections Airspace Press Menu Item Keys IFR Flight Plan Map Orient Invert Nav Data Load Chart* Press Menu Item Keys MSG MAP Alert Mode Operate Mode * If Installed ** Not available unless altitude or TAWS sensor installed Press Function Keys FIS (GDL 69/69A) Page 1 Surface City Time SIGMET AIRMET Page 2 Cloud Tops Echo Tops Winds Aloft Wnds Aloft Alt TFR Lbl Page 3 Label Flight Plan Legend Map Detail Map Orient Page 2 Freezing Lvl County Cyclone TFR Lbl Label Text Sorting View Status Press Menu Item Keys Forecast Page 1 NEXRAD Coverage METARs Lightning Cell Move Press Menu Item Keys Clear Sort View Current Press Menu Item Keys Graphical Wx Text Press Menu Item Keys Flight Plan Map Orient Set Barometer FIS (UAT) Press Menu Item Keys Press Menu Item Keys FPL TER Products Diagnostics Activation Page 3 Flight Plan Legend Map Detail Map Orient 190-00607-02 Rev C 13 Getting Started Function Summary 14 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Message Log Detailed Operation Message Log (MSG) The Message function displays information about the GMX 200 or the external sensors. The amber MSG flag will flash until the message is viewed. The MSG flag will remain in view while any messages remain in the message log. New messages that have not been viewed will be highlighted as bold text. The text “SYSTEM” in the source column with “Reset code was” followed by a four-digit code in the Message column may appear after a unit reset when the software encounters an unexpected set of conditions. This code may provide information about the cause of the reset and should be reported to Garmin Technical Support as soon as practical for further analysis. Garmin Technical Support may also request a copy of other files located on the front loading datacard to assist with the analysis. If an error condition does not return after the unit resets, the cause is likely temporary and the unit will continue to operate properly. Message Log Function Display 1. Press FN until you see the MSG function key. 2. Press the MSG key. 3. Use the up/down arrow “smart” keys to move to additional messages, if more than one page of messages exist. 4. Press Clear to remove the stored messages. 190-00607-02 Rev C 15 Detailed Operation Custom Map Custom Map (MAP) The Custom Map function provides a graphic display of map features in relation to the aircraft location to help improve situational awareness. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide that apply to using data displayed on the moving map. The custom map function is unique in allowing you to selectively “overlay” all available types of information onto a single display. Press the MENU/ENT key to display a list of options on the right side of the screen. Press the Menu Item key next to the displayed option. Repeated presses of the Menu Item key will scroll through the available selections for each option. Turning on too many layers may clutter the display. The “smart” keys at the bottom of the display over the function keys control the map scale by zooming in or out, moving the map view around with the Pan feature, and viewing Info about the current destination waypoint. Initial Zoom Level The initial zoom level that is used on start-up is determined by a setting made in the System Function. Map Scale The In and Out function keys control the map scale by zooming in and out. You can zoom in to 0.25 NM and zoom out to 1250 NM. The scale distance is measured from the location of your aircraft symbol to the top of the screen. The Map Scale is shown in the lower left corner of the screen. The map orientation appears above the map scale. Map Orientation and Zoom Level (Map Scale) Auto Zoom Auto Zoom is activated by adjusting the zoom level to the far extremes of the zoom range. When activated, the indicated zoom level will change from a number to the text “A,” followed by the zoom scale. While in the Auto Zoom mode, the screen will automatically adjust the current zoom level to maintain the current “TO” waypoint on the screen. When approaching the waypoint, the zoom level will not drop below 2 NM. When the waypoint is reached and the next waypoint in the flight plan becomes active, the zoom level will automatically adjust to bring that waypoint on the map. When installed with a GNS 480-series GPS receiver, the GMX 200 zoom level can be controlled by the GNS 480. This feature must be enabled in the System function with the “Slave Zoom to GPS Zoom” setting enabled. To exit the autozoom mode, simply increase or decrease the current zoom level to re-enter the manual adjust mode. Map Scale and Map Orientation Barometric Pressure Pressure Altitude Above Mean Sea Level 16 190-00607-02 Rev C Track Angle Distance from Present Position to Next Waypoint Ground Speed Detailed Operation Custom Map Pan The Pan keys are used to move the display around so you can see beyond the initial boundaries of the screen. The Pan function key is one of the “smart” keys available at the bottom of the screen. Pressing the rotary knob will also activate the Pan function. When you select the Pan function, four “arrow” keys appear on the right Panning Controls side of the screen next to the Menu Item keys. Move the map in the desired direction by pressing the Menu Item key next to the arrow that shows which way you want the map to move. Press the Pan key again to exit the Pan mode. While panning, a green reference line is drawn from the center of the viewed area back to your current position. Info Press the Info key to toggle viewing of information about the current “TO” waypoint. Press the INFO key again to hide the information. Each press of the  key will step through the available information for the current “TO” waypoint. The number of pages depends on the amount of information about the waypoint. Press the WX key to view any available METARs for the selected waypoint. Note that not all airports will have METARs available. The Wx key is available with the GDL 90 UAT and GDL 69/69A FIS sensors. Runway diagrams of airports will be displayed in the same orientation as the main map (i.e., North Up, Track Up, or DTK Up). If SafeTaxi information is available for the selected airport, the SafeTaxi detail will be shown. Info page 1 Info page 2 Info page 3 Info page 3 with SafeTaxi Info page 4 Info Weather Info In Pan Mode The INFO smart key supports operation in conjunction with the PAN feature. On any of the maps (Custom Map, IFR and VFR), entering the INFO mode while pan is active, will show information about the nearest airport to the center of the screen. This allows panning around the immediate area and obtaining information about airports in the vicinity without changing the current “TO” waypoint. While in this mode, only the INFO smart key is highlighted. The PAN key is highlighted when exiting the Info mode. Only information about airports can be obtained with this feature. 190-00607-02 Rev C 17 Detailed Operation Custom Map Custom Map Menu Option Page 1 The first option page of the Custom Map function lets you select options for the choices of Flight Plan, map orientation, Invert, Nav Data, and Load Chart. The last option selection takes you to the next page of options. For menu items with tri-state options, the active option is color coded in the item key label. When the option is clear, the icons and labels are not displayed. When the option has a cyan background, icons and labels are all shown. When the option box has a white background, only the icons are shown. North Up, Track Up, Track Up Arc, Track Up 360, and Desired Track Up. North Up sets magnetic north as the top of the screen. Track Up sets the current track of the aircraft as the top of the screen. Track Up Arc sets the current track of the aircraft and a 120° arc at the top of the screen. Track Up 360 sets the current track of the aircraft at the top of the screen and a 360° ring with the aircraft symbol position in the center. Desired Track Up sets the desired track to the next waypoint as the top of the screen. Press the Menu Item key next to this option to scroll through the options. Invert The Invert option changes the display of text and the background color. Depending on which layers are turned on, inverting the display may help readability for the current lighting conditions. For instance, when Terrain is shown, the Invert option switches between white and black text. When terrain is turned off, the Invert option switches between a white background with black text and a black background with white text. Nav Data Custom Map page with Menu Items (page 1) Flight Plan The Flight Plan option controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Flight Plan option toggles between showing or not showing the Flight Plan route line. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. The Nav Data option controls the display of navigation data. Subsequent presses of the Menu Item key for this option provides choices of no nav data, nav data in the corners (waypoint, bearing, zoom, and distance), or full nav data. The full nav data option includes the information in the four corners selection plus altitude, barometer setting, track, and ground speed. NOTE: Altitude and barometer setting information is not shown in TAWS installations. NOTE: When GPS altitude is configured, the barometer setting is not displayed. Map Orientation This option controls the screen orientation in reference to the aircraft symbol. You may select from 18 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Custom Map Overlaid chart labels are always oriented NorthUp. To prevent confusion, Intersection labels from the underlying map may be deselected. Load Chart is not available with FliteCharts. Press the Next Page Menu Item key to display the next page of menu items. Full Nav data information shown Custom Map Menu Option Page 2 The second option page of the Custom Map function lets you select options for the choices of Airports, VORs, NDBs, Intersections, and Airspace. The last option selection takes you to the next page of options. Partial Nav data information shown Minimum Nav data information shown Load Chart (Optional) When Load Chart is selected with no destination airport entered in a flight plan, the nearest 15 airports are displayed. If a destination airport is entered and charts exist, that airport and the 14 airports nearest to the aircraft’s present position are displayed. After selecting an airport, the individual approach chart to be overlaid can be loaded from a list of geo-referenced approach charts available for that airport. Not all approach charts can be overlaid in this fashion and only geo-referenced charts will be presented for selection from the Custom Map. Because of this, it is possible that approach charts that are viewable under the ChartView Function may not be presented in this list. NOTE: The pilot must be aware that not all charts in the loaded database can be used as an overlay. The Load Chart function is automatic when connected to a GNS 480-series GPS receiver and the AutoLoad Chart option is enabled in the SYS function. Custom Map page with Menu Items (page 2) Airports The Airports option allows you to choose the level of airport information displayed on the Map screen. You may select the display of airport icon and identifier, icon only, or no information by each subsequent press of the Airport Menu Item option key. 190-00607-02 Rev C 19 Detailed Operation Custom Map Hot Spots Custom Map page with NDBs, Intersections, and Airspace selected with Menu Items (Page 2) When SafeTaxi airport diagrams are available, they are displayed when airports with labels and airports without labels are drawn and when the zoom scale is 15 NM or lower. Each lower scale shows more information. Custom Map page with detail for an-airport where SafeTaxi information is available. 20 Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. Custom Map page with detail for an-airport where SafeTaxi Hot Spots and LAHSO information is available. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Custom Map VORs The VORs option allows you to choose the type of VOR information displayed on the Map screen. You may select the display of VOR icon and identifier, icon only, or no information by each subsequent press of the VOR Menu Item key. VOR information detail The GMX 200 supports full integration with the GNS 480, CNX80, and SL30 Nav/Com. This feature allows tuned VORs along with ILS and localizer approaches to be shown on the GMX 200 moving map. This high level of integration is designed to provide additional, simple to interpret situational awareness during high work-load phases of flight. The graphic display of Nav/Comm information on the GMX 200 provides another source to help make sure you are using the intended navigational aid and your To/From orientation to the reference station is as desired. You can turn the display of VOR and ILS information in the Custom Map page on or off. VOR and ILS information is always shown in the IFR and VFR Chart functions. VOR symbols on an airway are always displayed when Low Airways or High Airways is selected. VOR Highlight The GMX 200 highlights the VOR in magenta on the moving map when the SL30 is either tuned to or monitoring a nearby VOR station. The highlighted VOR station is determined by using the tuned or monitored VOR frequency of the SL30 with the GMX 200 internal database. Custom Map information when connected to SL30 The SL30 must be receiving a valid signal from the VOR. The VOR information detail for the selected VOR will show the distance and radial-from bearing between your present position and the VOR. The radial and distance information comes from your GPS, not the SL30. The GMX 200 must have VOR symbols turned on for this feature to be active in the Custom Map function. VOR information is always shown in the IFR and VFR Chart functions. VOR OBS The OBS (Omni-Bearing Selector) value selected in the SL30 will be shown as a line from the tuned VOR station in magenta on the GMX 200 display. The selected value will be shown on the line. This feature provides a quick view of your position relative to both the VOR and the tuned radial to help improve situational awareness. The OBS line will only be drawn from the active VOR, not the monitored VOR. The SL30 must be receiving a valid signal from the VOR and the GMX 200 must have VOR symbols turned on for this feature to be active. 190-00607-02 Rev C 21 Detailed Operation Custom Map ILS/Localizer Depiction When either an ILS or localizer is tuned on the SL30, the GMX 200 will display the currently tuned approach on the appropriate airport runway. The SL30 Nav function provides an overall graphic view of the selected airport and approach based on runway extensions and the selected frequencies. The standard ILS symbol is shown in magenta on the GMX 200 display. back course approach at the airport is not necessary to enable this feature. The SL30 must be receiving a valid ILS, or localizer, and the GMX 200 must have airports turned on for this feature to be active. NDBs The NDBs option allows you to choose the type of NDB information displayed on the Map screen. You may select the display of NDB icon and identifier, icon only, or no information by each subsequent press of the NDB Menu Item key. Intersections The Intersections option allows you to choose the type of Intersection information displayed on the Map screen. You may select the display of the Intersection icon and identifier, icon only, or no information by each subsequent press of the Intersection Menu Item key. Intersections are drawn when the zoom scale is 100 NM, or less, and are labeled at 75 NM or less. ILS for currently tuned approach by SL30 Airspace Localizer Back Course Display The GMX 200 will draw the “front course” on its display when a localizer frequency is tuned into the SL30. If you enable the localizer back course feature of the SL30, the GMX 200 will then draw a localizer “front course” graphic extending from the reciprocal runway. The localizer front course graphic is shaded on the right side. The localizer back course graphic is shaded on the left side. Since the SL30 reverse-senses the needles, a standard “chase the needle” approach may be made and the localizer “front course” graphic is always used on the GMX 200. A published localizer 22 The Airspace option allows you to control the display of airspaces. Pressing the Menu Item key next to Airspace toggles between either the display of airspace boundaries and altitude information, boundaries alone, or no display of airspaces. Airspaces defined as Class B, C, Alert, Caution, Danger, Training, Warning, MOA, Restricted, and Prohibited are depicted on the display. TFRs, when available from an FIS sensor, are displayed when Airspaces are enabled. Note that not all airspaces may be defined in the database as one of these airspaces. Class D airspaces are not drawn; however, a circular airspace with a five mile radius is drawn around airports with control towers. Airspaces defined as Unknown, such as the Grand Canyon, are 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Custom Map not drawn on the display. Press the Next Page Menu Item key to display the next page of menu items. Custom Map Menu Option Page 3 The third option page of the Custom Map function lets you select options for the choices of Low Airways, High Airways, Water, Roads, and political boundaries. The last option selection takes you to the next page of options. Item key. High Airways are drawn when the zoom scale is 150 NM or less. Water The Water option allows you to control the display of streams, rivers and lakes. Pressing the Menu Item key next to Waters toggles between either the display or no display of the bodies of water. Custom Map page with Water, Roads, Cities, and Menu Items (Page 3) Custom Map page with Low Airways, High Airways, and Menu Items (Page 3) Low Airways The Low Airways option allows you to control the display of Low Airways. You may select the display of the airway and label, airway alone, or no display of Low Airways by each subsequent press of the Menu Item key. Low Airways are drawn when the zoom scale is 150 NM or less. High Airways The High Airways option allows you to control the display of High Airways. You may select the display of the airway and label, airway alone, or no display of Low Airways by each subsequent press of the Menu Roads The Roads option allows you to control the display of interstate and state highways. Pressing the Menu Item key next to Roads toggles between the display or no display of the road features. Cities The City option allows you to control the display of cities. Pressing the Menu Item key for the Cities menu item toggles between the display or no display of the City symbols and labels. 190-00607-02 Rev C 23 Detailed Operation Custom Map Custom Map Menu Option Page 4 Lightning The fourth option page of the Custom Map function lets you select options for choices of Boundaries, Nexrad, Metars, Lightning, and Cell Movement. The Lightning option allows you select the overlay of Lightning strike symbols on the Custom Map, if the optional FIS lightning sensor is installed and active. Pressing the Lightning menu item toggles the display of Lightning symbols on and off. Cell Move When optional equipment is installed and enabled, Cell Movement shows the storm cells identified by the ground-based system. The movement is depicted by an arrow. The tip of the arrow represents where the cell is expected to be in 10 minutes from the time the cell location was determined. Press the Next Page Menu Item key to display the next page of menu items. Custom Map page with Boundaries, Nexrad, Metars, Lightning, and Cell Movement Menu Items (Page 4) Boundaries The Boundaries option allows you to select the display of political boundaries on the Map displays. Custom Map Menu Option Page 5 The fifth option page of the Custom Map function lets you select options for choices of Airport Charts, Terrain, Obstructions, Traffic, and Lightning Strikes. Nexrad The Nexrad option allows you select the overlay of weather information on the Custom Map if the optional weather products are installed and active. Pressing the Nexrad menu item toggles the display of Nexrad information on and off. METARs The METARs option allows you select the overlay of METAR symbols on the Custom Map if the optional weather products are installed and active. Pressing the METARs menu item toggles the display of METAR symbols on and off. 24 Custom Map page with Airport Charts, Terrain, Obstructions, Traffic, and Storm Cells Menu Items (Page 5) 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Custom Map Airport Chart (ChartView) Airport surface charts provide a graphical presentation of the airport surface area (runways, taxiways, buildings, towers, and other objects), within the immediate airport vicinity. The Airport Chart items are not available with FliteCharts. be displayed. The SafeTaxi airport diagram will be displayed if the Airport Chart option is disabled. Terrain The Terrain option allows you select the display of topographical features. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Terrain option scrolls between sectional (absolute), terrain awareness (relative), or no display of topographical features. The sectional (absolute) display shows a display similar to a sectional map. The terrain awareness (relative) display shows a color coded view where the colors relate to terrain elevation relative to your altitude. Custom Map page with ChartView loaded and Menu Items (Page 1) From either the Custom Map or the IFR En Route Map, airport surface charts will automatically be loaded and displayed as an overlay if the following conditions are met: • The airport surface chart is within the loaded database • The airport surface chart is geo-referenced by Jeppesen • Airport Chart menu layer is turned on • The aircraft position is within the coverage of the chart • A loaded approach chart is not being “flown” If an airport diagram is available in both the SafeTaxi and ChartView databases and the Airport Chart option is enabled, the ChartView airport chart will Custom Map page with Terrain and Menu Items (Page 4) For more information about the terrain awareness option, see the Terrain function section. When you turn the Terrain feature off, the background is either black or white depending on your selection in the Invert option. When no terrain data is available, the missing areas will be shown in light blue. Water will not be shown in relative mode. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide. 190-00607-02 Rev C 25 Detailed Operation Custom Map Obstructions Obstructions, such as towers and other man-made objects, are part of the GMX 200 updateable database. Obstructions over 250 feet high are shown on the maps with tower symbols. The symbol is color coded to signify the relative altitude of the tower to your aircraft’s altitude and follows the same conventions as the color coding for terrain. Obstruction icons Objects that are within 100 feet of your altitude are shown in red; objects that are within 1000 feet of your altitude are shown in yellow; objects with towers that are more than 1000 feet below your altitude are colored green. When altitude data is lost, objects are shown in cyan. Obstructions are shown on the Custom Map and in the Terrain function. For information on the Internal GMX 200-Based Terrain color coding, see the Terrain Function description in the Detailed operation section. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide. Current coverage for obstructions is North America only and are drawn only when the zoom scale is 50 NM or less. Traffic The Traffic option turns the display of traffic information on or off. ADS-B Traffic information includes the location and identifier of a reporting aircraft, its direction of travel, elevation, and the estimated path for the selected time interval. See the section on the Traffic mode for more details on how traffic information is used. A small thumbnail presentation of traffic is presented in the upper left corner of the display. Traffic targets can also be overlaid on the Custom Map page. The Traffic function is an optional installation. Check your Approved Flight Manual Supplement to verify if this feature is available. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide. Strikes The Strikes menu option controls the display of lightning strike information if the GMX 200 receives strike data from an external source, such as the WX500. Each reported lightning strike is shown as an “x” on the display. Strikes are not shown if the zoom scale is below 20 NM, or above 400 NM. Lightning strike icon (“x”) Custom Map page with Obstructions, Traffic, Lightning Strikes, and Menu Items (Page 4) 26 Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation IFR En Route Chart IFR En Route (IFR) Chart Function The IFR En Route Chart function shows an IFR en route style map for the display. The IFR display shows navigational aid information and the flight plan course line. The “smart” keys on the bottom of the screen control zooming in and out, panning, and the display of information on the current TO waypoint. The menu of options available for the IFR mode include Flight Plan, map orientation, Invert, turning labels on or off, low and high airways, Airport Chart, or Load Chart. The zoom scale is limited to a maximum of 300 NM. caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. This data is advisory only and does not replace primary indicators, such as the CDI. Navigation should not be based on the data presented on the GMX 200. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide. SafeTaxi SafeTaxi airport diagrams are always drawn if available in the database. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are drawn when the zoom scale is 15 NM or lower with progressively more details shown as the scale decreases. IFR En Route Chart page with Hot Spots & LAHSO Hot Spots Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with 190-00607-02 Rev C 27 Detailed Operation IFR En Route Chart IFR Option Page 1 The first option page of the IFR Chart function lets you select options for the choices of Flight Plan, Map Orientation, Invert display, Nav Data, and Labels. The last option selection takes you to the next page of options. sets the current track of the aircraft and a 120° arc at the top of the screen. Track Up 360 sets the current track of the aircraft at the top of the screen and a 360° ring with the aircraft symbol position in the center. Desired Track Up sets the desired track to the next waypoint as the top of the screen. Press the Menu Item key next to this option to scroll through the options. Invert The Invert option changes the display of text and the background color. The Invert option switches between a white background with black text and a black background with white text. IFR En Route Chart page with Menu Items (Page 1) Flight Plan The Flight Plan option controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Flight Plan option toggles the Flight Plan route line on and off. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Map Orientation This option controls the screen orientation in reference to the aircraft symbol. You may select from North Up, Track Up, Track Up Arc, Track Up 360, and Desired Track Up. North Up sets magnetic north as the top of the screen. Track Up sets the current track of the aircraft as the top of the screen. Track Up Arc 28 IFR En Route Chart page inverted Nav Data The Nav Data option allows you to control the display of navigation data on the Map displays. Each press of the Menu Item key provides choices of no nav data, nav data in the corners (waypoint, bearing, zoom, and distance), or full nav data. The full nav data option includes the information in the four corners selection plus altitude, barometer setting, track, and ground speed. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation IFR En Route Chart NOTE: The barometer setting is not displayed if the TAWS sensor is connected to the GMX 200 or if GPS altitude is used. Label The Label key turns the labels for each item on or off for easy decluttering. When Labels are turned off, only the symbol for waypoints along the flight plan will remain in view when the flight plan is enabled. Press the Next Page Menu Item key to display the next page of menu items. IFR Option Page 2 The second option page of the IFR Chart function lets you select options for the choices of Low Airways, High Airways, Airport Chart, and Load Approach Chart. The last option selection takes you back to the first page of options. IFR En Route Chart page with Menu Items (Page 2) Low Airways The Low Airways option allows you to control the display of Low Airways. You may select the display of the airway and label, airway alone, or no display of Low Airways by each subsequent press of the Menu Item key. High Airways The High Airways option allows you to control the display of High Airways. You may select the display of the airway and label, airway alone, or no display of Low Airways by each subsequent press of the Menu Item key. Airport Chart (Jepp ChartView) Airport surface charts provide a graphical presentation of the airport surface area (runways, taxiways, buildings, towers, and other objects), within the immediate airport vicinity. The Airport Chart item is not available with FliteCharts. From either the Custom Map or the IFR en route Map, airport surface charts will automatically be loaded and displayed as an overlay if the following conditions are met: • The airport surface chart is within the loaded database • The airport surface chart is geo-referenced by Jeppesen • Airport Chart menu layer is turned on • The aircraft position is within the coverage of the chart • A loaded approach chart is not being “flown” If an airport diagram is available in both the SafeTaxi and ChartView databases and the Airport Chart option is enabled, the ChartView airport chart will be displayed. The SafeTaxi airport diagram will be displayed if the Airport Chart option is disabled. 190-00607-02 Rev C 29 Detailed Operation IFR En Route Chart Load Chart Once the airport is selected, the individual approach chart to be overlaid can be loaded from a list of geo-referenced approach charts available for that airport. Not all approach charts can be overlaid in this fashion and only geo-referenced charts will be presented for selection from the Custom Map. Because of this, it is possible that approach charts that are viewable under the ChartView Function may not be presented in this list. The Load Chart item is not available with FliteCharts. NOTE: The pilot must be aware that not all charts in the loaded database can be used as an overlay. The Load Chart function is automatic when connected to a GNS 480-series GPS receiver and the AutoLoad Chart option is enabled in the SYS function. Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. 30 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation VFR En Route Chart VFR Chart (VFR) Function Hot Spots The VFR Chart function shows a VFR sectional style map for the display. Topographic features are shown. The VFR display shows navigational aid information and the flight plan course line. The “smart” keys on the bottom of the screen control zooming in and out, panning, and the display of information about the current TO waypoint. The options available for the VFR mode include Flight Plan, screen orientation, Invert, and turning labels on or off. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the data displayed on the moving map. The zoom scale is limited to a maximum of 300 NM. SafeTaxi SafeTaxi airport diagrams are always drawn if available in the database. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are drawn when the zoom scale is 15 NM, or lower, with progressively more details shown as the scale decreases. Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. VFR En Route Chart page with Hot Spots and LAHSO VFR En Route Chart page with Menu Items 190-00607-02 Rev C 31 Detailed Operation VFR En Route Chart Flight Plan Nav Data The Flight Plan option controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Flight Plan option toggles between showing and not showing the Flight Plan route line. The Nav Data option allows to control the display of navigation data on the Map displays. Subsequent presses of the Menu Item key for this option provides choices of no nav data, nav data in the corners (waypoint, bearing, zoom, and distance), or full nav data. The full nav data option includes the information in the four corners selection plus altitude, barometer setting, track, and ground speed. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Map Orientation This option controls the screen orientation in reference to the aircraft symbol. You may select from North Up, Track Up, Track Up Arc, Track Up 360, and Desired Track Up. North Up sets magnetic north as the top of the screen. Track Up sets the current track of the aircraft as the top of the screen. Track Up Arc sets the current track of the aircraft and a 120° arc at the top of the screen. Track Up 360 sets the current track of the aircraft at the top of the screen and a 360° ring with the aircraft symbol position in the center. Desired Track Up sets the desired track to the next waypoint as the top of the screen. Press the Menu Item key next to this option to scroll through the options. Label The Label key turns the labels over each item of information on or off. When Labels are turned off, only the symbol for waypoints along the flight plan will remain in view when the flight plan is enabled. Invert The Invert option changes the text and background color. Inverting the display may help readability for the current lighting conditions and the color of the terrain in a given area. 32 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Split Screen Split Screen (SPLIT) Function The zoom scale and map orientation are displayed in the upper right corner of the profile display. The Split Screen capability allows you to display up to two enabled functions side by side. Press the Menu Item key next to the desired map to highlight the selection. When two functions are displayed, you must first deselect a highlighted selection before selecting another function. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the data displayed on the moving map. Split Screen showing Custom Map and Flight Plan pages along with the Vertical Profile & Menu Items When two functions are displayed, the left and right quarter of each function is not displayed, leaving the center half of the original display. The image is not compressed from full width to half width. Functions with an ownship symbol are displayed in Track-Up map orientation and do not include the track line and compass rose. Split Screen showing Custom Map and Flight Plan pages with Menu Items A vertical profile may be optionally selected to be shown on the lower portion of the display. The profile view is only available when there is no TAWS sensor enabled and the Terrain function is based on the internal terrain database. The profile display is always oriented in the Track-Up mode, where the depicted terrain is a cross-section of the terrain just below the aircraft’s current track. Obstacles are not shown on the profile display and the aircraft current altitude is provided next to the ownship symbol. The altitude scale adjusts automatically with the aircraft altitude. 190-00607-02 Rev C 33 Detailed Operation TAS/TCAD Traffic TAS / TCAD Traffic (TRAF) Function Symbology The GMX 200 I/O Traffic model supports interfaces to third party traffic sensors. The traffic function, when interfaced to a TAS sensor (such as, Honeywell IHAS), or the Ryan TCAD is capable of displaying traffic targets as supplied by those sensors. Standard TCAStype symbology is used and several menu options are available for adjusting the traffic presentation. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to traffic data. Traffic is shown with either the relative or absolute altitude indicated above or below the target symbol. If the traffic is below or equal to your ownship altitude, the label is shown below the symbol. If the traffic is above your ownship altitude, the label is shown above the symbol. For traffic with no altitude information, the label will be shown as dashes (---). Traffic alert target with direction of descent and relative altitude Traffic advisory target with relative altitude “Other” traffic target with relative altitude • Traffic shown with an amber filled circle corresponds to traffic generating an alerting condition • Traffic shown with a cyan filled diamond corresponds to traffic generating an advisory condition • Traffic shown with a cyan open diamond is considered “other traffic” TAS/TCAD Traffic page showing 360 degree arc The traffic menu options vary depending on the traffic source selected during the installation procedures, but the display symbology is the same. Traffic Depiction Your position (ownship symbol) is located at the tip of the aircraft icon at center of the screen. The traffic function is always shown in heading mode, meaning that track based flight plan information is not overlaid. Traffic can also be shown on the Custom Map and in a small thumbnail view presented in the upper left corner of the screen. 34 Alert Hot Key Traffic alerts go one step further than the Advisory hot key feature and will automatically bring up the Function Menu showing the TAS/TCAD function. A single key press can then be used to switch the display to the Traffic function. The Alert hot key feature will automatically clear when the traffic alert condition no longer exists. Traffic Alert Pop-Up When a Traffic Alert occurs, the system can automatically switch to the Traffic function and the zoom 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation TAS/TCAD Traffic level will be adjusted to 5 NM, unless TAWS alert mode is active. The Alert Hot Key or Traffic Alert PopUp mode option is selectable in the Traffic menu and only occurs when the display is set to some function other than Traffic. Not Displayed An amber “Traffic Not Displayed” will be shown if the Traffic sensor has failed. TAS Fail System Failure, shown in yellow in the lower right corner. TAS Data Fail Label set sent by the TAS unit has failed the integrity check. Shown in yellow in the lower right corner. TAS Data Time-Out Traffic Alert thumbnail GMX 200 is not receiving labels from the TAS unit. Shown in yellow in the lower right corner. Vert Smart Key (TAS) The Vertical Mode (Vert) “smart” key is used to select the vertical filtering mode for the TAS unit. The following options are available and will allow traffic that is within the indicated range relative to your aircraft altitude to be displayed: • ABV (Above) +9000/-2700 • NRM (Normal) +2700/-2700 • BLW (Below) +2700/-9000 • UNR (Unrestricted) No Limit Traffic Status Indicators Off Scale If a Traffic Alert target is not shown on the display because the zoom scale is set too low, an amber Traffic Off Scale (OS) indicator will show on the display. Standby (TAS) If the traffic sensor is in the Standby Mode, a white TAS Standby message will show on the display. Test (TAS) TAS Test will be displayed if the Traffic sensor is in the Test Mode. No Bearing Advisories Traffic advisories without a valid bearing will be listed in text form below the ownship symbol. TAS Menu Options Traffic Alert Mode (Pop-Up/Prompt) The Traffic Alert mode allows you to configure the currently selected Traffic Alert response. If Pop Up is selected, the Traffic function will automatically pop up when a Traffic Alert occurs. If the Prompt mode is selected, the Traffic Alert hot key prompt is shown when a Traffic Alert occurs. If the Traffic function is already being viewed, neither will occur. Standby Mode The Standby mode places the TAS unit into the standby mode. In this mode, the unit will not display traffic targets or generate traffic alerts. See the TAS Users Guide for additional information. Self-Test When in Standby Mode, a TAS Self-Test can be initiated by selecting this option. 190-00607-02 Rev C 35 Detailed Operation TAS/TCAD Traffic TCAD 9900B Menu Options Shield Heights Altitude Option (Relative/Pressure) This allows the shield heights to be adjusted for the En Route, Standard, and Terminal shield modes. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. The Altitude option lets you select between relative and pressure altitude in hundreds of feet. The Altitude option choice is shown in the upper left corner of the screen. Relative altitudes are shown with a “+” or “-”, while absolute altitudes are shown as just a number. Filter This allows the shield ranges to be adjusted for the En Route, Standard, and Terminal shield modes. See TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. TCAD 9900BX Menu Options An altitude filter allows targets that are outside of a ±2000’ vertical range to be filtered off the display. The current mode is shown in the upper left corner of the display as “ALL” (no filtering) or “±2000” when the filtering is active. Volume The volume of the TCAD voice alert can be adjusted by pressing the Volume button. This opens a text menu where a value from 0 – 10 can be entered. Approach Mode The Approach Mode sends the approximate elevation of the destination airport to the TCAD unit for Approach mode operations. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. Mute Duration The Mute Duration allows the duration of the mute command to be sent to the TCAD unit. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. Shield This allows the current shield to be selected from a pop-up window. En Route, Unrestricted, Terminal, Ground, and Standard are the available modes. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. 36 Shield Ranges Altitude Option (Relative/Pressure) The Altitude option lets you select between relative and pressure altitude in hundreds of feet. The Altitude option choice is shown in the upper left corner of the screen. Relative altitudes are shown with a “+” or “-”, while absolute altitudes are shown as just a number. Filter An altitude filter allows targets that are outside of a ±2000’ vertical range to be filtered off the display. The current mode is shown in the upper left corner of the display as “ALL” (no filtering) or “±2000” when the filtering is active. Volume The volume of the TCAD voice alert can be adjusted by pressing the Volume button. This opens a text menu where a value from 0 – 10 can be entered. Approach Mode The Approach Mode sends the approximate elevation of the destination airport to the TCAD unit for approach mode operations. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. Ground/Flight Mode The GND/FLT mode commands the TCAD unit into the corresponding mode. See the TCAD operator’s manual for additional details. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic ADS-B Traffic (TRAF) Function The ADS-B Traffic Function allows you to view other traffic in the area, when installed with a UAT data link radio. This screen can also show your flight plan. Traffic is shown in relationship to your aircraft. “Smart” keys allow you to zoom in and out, and select an individual traffic target. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply traffic data. Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) is a surveillance technology being deployed in selected areas of the NAS. ADS-B equipment broadcasts a radio transmission approximately once per second containing the aircraft’s position, velocity, identification, and other information. ADS-B equipment can also receive reports from other suitably equipped aircraft within reception range. Additionally, these broadcasts can be received by Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs) and used to provide air traffic surveillance services, along with fleet operator monitoring of aircraft. No ground infrastructure is necessary for ADS-B equipped ADS-B Traffic page showing 360 degree arc aircraft to detect each other. In the United States, two different data links have been adopted for use with ADS-B: 1090 MHz Extended Squitter (1090 ES) and the Universal Access Transceiver (UAT). The 1090 ES link is intended for aircraft that primarily operate at FL180 and above, whereas the UAT link is intended for use by aircraft that primarily operate at 18,000 feet and below. From a pilot’s standpoint, the two links operate similarly and support ADS-B and Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B). The UAT link additionally supports Flight Information Services-Broadcast (FIS-B). ADS-B System Description 190-00607-02 Rev C 37 Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic ADS-B equipment may be certified as an air-to-air system for enhancing situational awareness and as a surveillance source for air traffic services. Refer to the aircraft’s flight manual supplement for the specific aircraft installation. ADS-B enables improved surveillance services, both air-to-air and air-to-ground, especially in areas where radar is ineffective due to terrain or where it is impractical or cost prohibitive. Initial NAS applications of air-to-air ADS-B are for “advisory” use only, enhancing a pilot’s visual acquisition of other nearby equipped aircraft either when airborne or on the airport surface. Additionally, ADS-B may enable ATC and fleet operators to monitor aircraft throughout the available ground station coverage area. Other applications of ADS-B may include enhanced search and rescue operations and advanced air-to-air applications such as spacing, sequencing, and merging. ADS-B avionics allow pilots to enter the aircraft’s Flight ID and Air Traffic Control (ATC)-assigned squawk (or “4096”) code. This code should be entered as either the transponder code on standard transponders, or the ADS-B code on ADS-B equipment, depending on the installation. NOTE: Some ADS-B avionics panels are not interconnected to the transponder. In this case, the ADS-B code entry should be disabled, so that ATC cannot receive different transponder and ADS-B codes from the same aircraft. There should be one and only one place for the pilot to enter the ATC code. Consult your installing avionics shop with questions. ADS-B is intended to be used both in-flight and on the airport surface. ADS-B systems should be turned “on” -- and remain “on” -- whenever operating in the air and on the airport surface, unless a change to “standby” was requested by ATC. The ADS-B cockpit display of traffic is NOT intended to be used as a collision avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot’s responsibility to “see and avoid” other aircraft. ADSB shall not be used for avoidance maneuvers during IMC or other times when there is no visual contact with the other target aircraft. ADS-B is intended only to assist in visual acquisition of other aircraft. No avoidance maneuvers are provided for, nor authorized, as a direct result of an ADS-B target being displayed in the cockpit. Use of ADS-B air traffic service is limited to the service volume of the GBT. Note that the coverage volume of GBTs is limited to line-of-sight. Traffic Description Your position is located at the tip of the empty triangle (Ownship symbol). The other traffic is shown as a large solid cyan (light blue) arrow pointing in its direction of travel. Next to the traffic arrow symbol is the traffic identifier, and altitude. Altitude is selected as either Pressure or Relative Altitude as noted in the upper left corner of the display. Additionally, UAT systems provide a VFR mode that may be used by pilots when not wanting to receive air traffic services. The “Set 1200” feature will broadcast a “VFR” Flight ID to other aircraft and ground receivers, similar to using a “1200” transponder code. 38 190-00607-02 Rev C ADS-B Traffic information detail Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic A small up or down arrow next to the identifier indicates that the traffic is climbing or descending at a rate of at least 500 feet per minute. The end of the vector line that extends beyond the point of the traffic arrow indicates where it will be at the end of the selected time interval. The currently selected time interval is indicated in the upper left corner of the display. Selected ADS-B Target Information Detail TIS-B Traffic Traffic Information Service – Broadcast (TIS-B) is supported by displaying non ADS-B equipped aircraft that are received over the UAT data link radio. Non ADS-B equipped aircraft that are detected by groundbased radar can be up-linked to all aircraft in the area that are UAT data link equipped and within the GBT service volume. As TIS target location is determined by ground based radar, coverage, range and target positional accuracy are highly dependent on relative location to the actual radar site. Traffic Information Services-Broadcast (TIS-B) is the broadcast of traffic information to ADS-B equipped aircraft from ADS-B ground stations. The source of this traffic information is derived from ground-based air traffic surveillance sensors, typically radar. TIS-B is intended to provide ADS-B equipped aircraft with a more complete traffic picture in situations where not all nearby aircraft are equipped with ADS-B. The advisory-only application enhances a pilot’s visual acquisition of other traffic. TIS-B service is becoming available in selected locations where there are both adequate surveillance coverage from ground sensors and adequate broadcast coverage from Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs). The quality level of traffic information provided by TIS-B is dependent upon the number and type of ground sensors available as TIS-B sources and the timeliness of the reported data. In order to receive TIS-B services, the following conditions must exist: 1. The host aircraft must be equipped with a UAT ADS-B transmitter / receiver or transceiver. As the ground system evolves, the ADS-B data link may be either UAT or 1090 ES, or both. 2. The host aircraft must fly within the coverage volume of a compatible GBT that is configured for TIS-B uplinks. (Not all GBTs provide TIS-B due to a lack of radar coverage or because a radar feed is not available). 3. The target aircraft must be within the coverage of, and detected by, at least one of the ATC radars serving the GBT in use. Only transponder-equipped targets (i.e., Mode A/C or Mode S transponders) are detected. Current radar siting may result in limited radar surveillance coverage at lower altitudes near some general aviation airports, with subsequently limited TIS-B Service volume coverage. If there is no radar coverage in a given area, then there will be no TIS-B coverage in that area. 190-00607-02 Rev C 39 Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic TIS-B Limitations 1. TIS-B is NOT intended to be used as a collision avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot’s responsibility to “see and avoid” other aircraft. TIS-B shall not be used for avoidance maneuvers during times when there is no visual contact with the aircraft. TIS-B is intended only to assist in the visual acquisition of other aircraft. No avoidance maneuvers are provided for, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS-B target being displayed in the cockpit. 2. While TIS-B is a useful aid to visual traffic avoidance, its inherent system limitations must be understood to ensure proper use. 40 (a) A pilot may receive an intermittent TIS-B target of their own aircraft, typically when maneuvering (e.g., climbing turn) due to the radar not tracking the aircraft as quickly as ADS-B. (b) The ADS-B-to-radar association process within the ground system may at times have difficulty correlating an ADS-B report with corresponding radar returns from the same aircraft. When this happens the pilot will see duplicate traffic symbols (i.e., “TIS-B shadows”) on the cockpit display. (c) Updates of TIS-B traffic reports will occur less often than ADS-B traffic updates. (TIS-B position updates will occur approximately once every 3-13 seconds depending on the radar coverage. In comparison, the update rate for ADS-B is nominally once per second). (d) The TIS-B system only detects and uplinks data pertaining to transponder equipped aircraft. Aircraft without a transponder will not be displayed as a TIS-B target. Always assume that there are more aircraft in the vicinity of your aircraft. (e) There is no indication provided when any aircraft is operating inside (or outside) the TIS-B Service Volume, therefore it is difficult to know if one is receiving uplinked TIS-B traffic information. Assume that not all aircraft are displayed as TIS-B targets. 3. Pilots and operators are reminded that the airborne equipment that displays TIS-B targets is for pilot situational awareness only and is not approved as a collision avoidance tool. Unless there is an immediate emergency requiring immediate action, any deviation from an air traffic control clearance based on TIS-B displayed cockpit information must be approved by the controlling ATC facility prior to commencing the maneuver. Uncoordinated deviations may place an aircraft in close proximity to other aircraft under ATC control not seen on the airborne equipment, and may result in a pilot deviation. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic Degraded Target Ident Degraded targets are shown with the “bullet” symbol. A degraded target has limited positional accuracy and can either be an uplinked TIS-B target, or an ADS-B target who’s GPS position has degraded. When a degraded target is selected via the SELECT key in the Traffic function, no distance to the target is displayed, as it cannot be computed accurately. The Ident smart key allows the pilot to initiate a sequence that is equivalent to a standard transponder “Ident,” as requested by ATC. When pressed, the Ident flag will be displayed while the GDL 90 UAT broadcasts the ident. The GMX 200 must be configured to be the UAT’s control panel for this function to be available. ADS-B Broadcast ID Info Target Color Service vehicle targets and aircraft targets reporting on the ground are colored in tan. Airborne aircraft targets are usually cyan in color. However, the target will be yellow if it is within 5 NM and 2,000 feet vertically above or below your position. Selected targets are green in color. Surface Targets Surface vehicle targets, in addition to ADS-B targets, are supported and are shown as tan, rectangular icons. They are displayed both on the Traffic Function page, and on the Custom Map when traffic is turned on. Traffic Altitude Values Altitudes shown next to the traffic icon are in hundreds of feet (09 = 900 feet). Altitude values shown in all other locations and displays are the actual values in feet (+100 = 100 feet). Operation The controls at the bottom of the screen allow you to zoom in and out, initiate an Ident when connected to a GDL 90 UAT, and to select each traffic target on the screen. 1. Press the FN key to reach the Function page showing the TRAF (Traffic) “smart” key. 2. Press TRAF. 3. Press the In key to zoom in. Press the Out key to zoom out. 4. With the GDL 90 UAT only, press the Ident key to initiate an Ident for ATC purposes. A green flag will appear on the left side of the display when the GDL 90 UAT reports that it is sending an ident over the air. 5. Press the Select key to consecutively select each Traffic item that is shown on the display. When a target is selected, additional information about that target is shown in the upper right corner of the display. The selected target will be highlighted in green on the display. Surface vehicle targets cannot be selected. Information about the selected target includes: 190-00607-02 Rev C 41 Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic ID, aircraft type, position between target and ownship, distance, speed, and altitude. Position is noted in clock numerals as relative to direction of travel for each aircraft. For instance, a position noted as 11/2 means that the traffic is at your aircraft (ownship) 11 o’clock position and your aircraft (ownship) is at the target’s 2 o’clock position. Traffic Option Page 1 The first option page of the Traffic function lets you select options for the choices of Transmit Status, Broadcast (FID) Mode, Enter (ADS-B) Code, Set ADSB code to 1200, and Services. The last option selection takes you to the next page of options. standard transponder. The GMX 200 must be configured as the UAT’s control panel to make this function available. ADS-B Broadcast Mode Control For ADS-B equipped installs, this feature allows the pilot to control the broadcast mode of their aircraft. Broadcast options are controlled via the Traffic Function Menu and allow the pilot to toggle between Broadcast FID / Broadcast VFR. The GMX 200 must be configured as the UAT’s control panel to make this function available. Broadcast FID Causes the currently set Flight ID and permanently assigned ICAO address to be broadcast with the aircraft’s current position. The Flight ID and the ICAO address are shown on the lower right corner of the Traffic Function page. The Flight ID is pilot-settable via the menu option Enter FID in alphanumeric characters. The ICAO address is a value set during system install by the installer. Broadcast VFR Causes a fixed Flight ID of “VFR” and a randomly generated temporary address to be broadcast with the aircraft’s current position. This mode is similar to squawking “VFR 1200” on a standard transponder. ADS-B Traffic Menu Items (Page 1) Transmit Status Enter Code (ADS-B Air Traffic Source) (ADS-B Broadcast Options) This is where you enter the ATC-assigned ADS-B code. This code entered into the GMX 200 does not control the code on Mode A, C, or S transponders. It only sends the selected code to the GDL 90 UAT for inclusion into the position report. The GMX 200 must be configured as the UAT’s control panel and Code Edit enabled to make this function available. Selecting Tx Alt allows ADS-B position reports to be transmitted with altitude information. Tx Alt Off removes altitude information from the ADS-B position reports. Standby suspends ADS-B position reports, but displays other aircraft data when available. These modes are similar to “ALT,” “ON,” and “Standby” on a 42 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic Set 1200 Traffic Menu Option Page 2 Pressing the Set 1200 key sets the ADS-B code to 1200. This code entered into the GMX 200 does NOT control the code on Mode A, C, or S transponders. The second menu option page of the Traffic function lets you select options for the choices of Time, Altitude Filter, Altitude type, Flight Plan, and Traffic Map Orientation. Services The Services option allows emergency/service codes to be sent over the data-link radio. When pressed, a list of standard emergency/service codes will be presented. The desired emergency/service code can be selected and broadcast by pressing the Trans (Transmit) “smart” key or cancelled by pressing the Cancel “smart key.” When an emergency/service code is being transmitted, the Services menu option key label is illuminated. To terminate the broadcast, press the Services key again. Three of the emergency/service codes temporarily change the ADS-B code value. Once the emergency/service code is terminated, the ADS-B code will revert back to the previously set ADS-B code. The GMX 200 must be configured as the UAT’s control panel to make this function available. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. ADS-B Traffic Menu Items (Page 2) Time The time interval option sets the amount of time to estimate the path and location of the traffic. The path of the traffic is shown by the line extending from the point on the end of the traffic arrow icon. The end of the line shows the point where the traffic item will be at the end of the selected time interval. Select 1, 1.5, 2-5, or 10 minutes with each press of the Time key. Traffic Altitude Filter For ADS-B equipped installs, an altitude filter allows targets that are outside of a ±2000 foot vertical range to be filtered off the display. This option is controlled via the Traffic Function Menu and causes the on-screen mode to change from “ALL” to “±2000” in the upper left of the Traffic Function screen. In the “ALL” mode, all targets, regardless of their 190-00607-02 Rev C 43 Detailed Operation ADS-B Traffic altitude, are shown. In ±2000 foot mode, only targets that are within 2000 feet above or below the ownship altitude are shown. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. Altitude Option (Relative/Absolute) The third menu option page of the ADS-B Traffic function lets you select options for the choices of Graphic or Text Mode, Enter FID (Flight ID), and the display of traffic target Labels. The altitude option lets you select between relative and absolute pressure altitude in hundreds of feet. The altitude option choice is shown on the upper left corner of the screen while in the graphic display option. When Relative Altitude is selected, the altitude value on the traffic is shown relative to your altitude. A “+” indicates the target is above your altitude. A “-” indicates the target is below your altitude. For instance, if a value of +80 is shown, the value means that the indicated traffic is 8000 feet above your altitude. When Absolute Altitude is selected, if a value of 121 is shown, the value means that the indicated traffic is at 12,100 feet absolute pressure altitude. Absolute Pressure altitude does not show a + or -. Remember that Absolute Pressure altitude can be substantially different than the baro-corrected altitude shown on the altimeter in your aircraft. Flight Plan The Flight Plan option controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Flight Plan option toggles between showing and not showing the Flight Plan route line. Traffic Menu Option Page 3 ADS-B Traffic Menu Items (Page 3) Display Mode The display mode lets you select either a graphic or text version of traffic information. Graphic Display If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. The graphic traffic display shows your location, nearby traffic, and information about the traffic. Traffic Map Orientation The text traffic display shows the distance to the traffic item, flight id, category, position, speed, and altitude. The currently selected target is shown in green. The traffic list is sorted by distance with the closest traffic to your current position shown on the top line. The total number of targets tracked is shown The Traffic Map Orientation option lets you choose between a 360-degree compass rose or an arc that covers about 90 degrees over the top of the display. Your aircraft position (ownship) is shown by an empty white triangle near the center of the display. The Traffic function display is always in the Track Up mode. 44 Text Display 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation TIS-A Traffic TIS-A Traffic (TRAF) Function in the upper left corner. Up to 12 of the nearest targets are listed. The GMX 200 I/O supports the Traffic Information Services – Addressed (TIS-A) function when interfaced to a third party TIS-A sensor. The traffic function, when interfaced to the Garmin GTX 330 is capable of displaying traffic targets supplied by that sensor. Standard TCAS-type symbology is used and several menu options are available for adjusting traffic presentation and sensor operation. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to traffic data. ADS-B Traffic Text Display Enter FID The Enter Flight ID option allows you to edit your broadcasted Flight ID when the editing function is enabled. The Function “smart” keys at the bottom of the screen change to arrow keys. Use the up/down arrow keys to change the characters. Use the left/ right arrow keys to move between characters. Press the MENU/ENT key to save the displayed Flight ID. The Flight ID is only sent when the Flight ID broadcast option is enabled. Note that the GDL 90 UAT does not allow the space or period characters. The GMX 200 must be configured as the UAT’s control panel to make this function available. Label The Label menu key toggles the state of the labels adjacent to the target symbols. Turning labels off will remove the Flight ID and flight vector. TIS-A Traffic Page with Menu Items NOTE: TIS-A is not a collision avoidance system. It is an aid to visual acquisition and does not relieve the flight crew of their responsibility to “see and avoid.” There are no evasive aircraft maneuvers authorized, recommended, or provided for as a result of displayed TIS-A targets. Refer to the TIS-A Sensor documentation for additional information. Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. 190-00607-02 Rev C 45 Detailed Operation TIS-A Traffic Traffic Depiction It is important to note that not all traffic may be displayed and that TIS-A is only an aide to visual acquisition. TIS-A is there to assist you to visually acquire other aircraft around you and does not provide any information other than making you aware of other aircraft around you that the Mode-S terminal radar can “see.” This may not include all traffic around you. Only transponder-equipped aircraft that are visible to the terminal radar sensor will be broadcast to your aircraft. Up to eight (8) targets may be displayed at any given time. This is a limitation of the ground sensor since the ground sensor provides the data via the radar pulse. Traffic targets are displayed relative to the ownship symbol and include a relative altitude in 100’s of feet above (+) or below (-) your aircraft’s altitude. Targets also include a climb () or descent arrow () next to the relative altitude when the climb or descent rates are greater than 500 feet per minute. Targets are displayed at full brightness for the first six (0 to 6) seconds. If the TIS-A data is not refreshed, the targets will be displayed at a reduced brightness for the next six (6 to 12) seconds during an interval known as “coasting,” and removed from the display after 12 seconds. “Coasting” usually results from the TIS-A sensor missing a radar sweep. This typically happens because the aircraft antenna line of sight to the radar has been obstructed, most likely by either terrain or because the aircraft is banking. TIS-A Menu Options The GMX 200 displays the current operating mode when the Menu key is pressed. Alert Hot Key (TA Prompt) TIS-A Traffic Page with Traffic Off-Scale Your position (ownship symbol) is located at the tip of the triangle icon. The traffic function is always shown in heading mode, meaning that track-based flight plan information is not overlaid. Traffic can also be shown on the Custom Map and in a small thumbnail view presented in the upper left corner of the screen. 46 When selected and viewing another function, this feature will automatically display the function menu at the bottom of the screen with the TRAF function highlighted when a Traffic Advisory (TA) alert is received from the TIS-A sensor. You may select the traffic function by pressing the corresponding Smart key or continue to view the currently displayed function. Traffic Alert Pop-Up (TA Popup) When selected and viewing another function, this feature will automatically display the traffic function screen when a Traffic Advisory (TA) alert is received from the TIS-A sensor. You may then view another function by pressing the FN key and selecting the desired function. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation TIS-A Traffic Operate/Standby The GMX 200, when installed with a control wire to the GTX 330, controls the TIS-A sensor operating mode. The TIS-A sensor defaults to “Operate” when turned on. Symbology • TIS-A targets are categorized as either “Proximate Traffic” or “Traffic Advisories.” • Proximate Traffic targets are depicted as hollow blue diamonds. “TIS Unavailable” to indicate the TIS-A sensor is operating, but outside of TIS-A service coverage. “TIS Standby” to indicate the TIS-A sensor is in standby mode and not processing TIS-A information, even if it is available. “Traffic Off Scale,” noted in amber in the lower center of the display, indicates that traffic has been reported but is not displayed because it is beyond the current map scale (zoom level). • Traffic Advisory targets are depicted as solid yellow/amber circles. • Vectors extending from the targets indicate the target’s direction of travel as reported by the TIS-A sensor. The vector length has no meaning. Ownship (Your Aircraft) Proximate traffic target with direction of flight vector and relative altitude Traffic advisory target with direction of flight vector and relative altitude Traffic Status Indicators The following status indicators are displayed in the lower right portion of the display: “TIS Operating” to indicate the TIS-A Sensor is operating and within TIS-A service coverage. “TIS Coasting” to indicate that the target information is between 6 and 12 seconds old. This may happen if the TIS-A sensor has missed a radar sweep. Target brightness is also reduced to indicate this condition. 190-00607-02 Rev C 47 Detailed Operation Flight Plan Flight Plan (FPL) Function METARs Use the Flight Plan function to view details about your flight plan route. Press the up/down arrow “smart” keys to step through the waypoints in your flight plan. Press the Info key to view information about the waypoint. The Flight Plan Function shows the Current Flight Plan that is active in the connected navigation source (i.e. GPS receiver). The Current To Waypoint box shows the current leg of the flight plan. The Current Flight Plan box shows all of the legs of your flight plan with the current leg indicated in magenta. Listed are each leg with the bearing and distance between the legs. The Current Nav Data box shows the aircraft current position in latitude and longitude, ground speed, and track. In the lower right corner information for the current waypoint is displayed in the Waypoint Info box. The Nearest Center frequency is shown just above the flight plan. The Flight Plan function does not have any options. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. 48 When METARs are available for an airport in the flight plan, the airport symbol is replaced with a METAR icon. When the Wx smart key is pressed, the METAR text will be displayed. Flight Plan Information with METAR information Runway diagrams of airports will be displayed in the same orientation as the Custom map (i.e., North Up, Track Up, or DTK Up). 1. Press the FPL function key to reach the Flight Plan function. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Flight Plan Flight Plan Information (UAO selected) 2. Press the Up or Down function smart keys to move up and down the flight plan list in the Current Flight Plan window. The details for the selected waypoint are shown in the Waypoint Info window on the right side of the screen. Flight Plan Information (PDX selected) 3. Each press the Info function key will step through the available pages of Waypoint Information. 190-00607-02 Rev C 49 Detailed Operation Terrain Terrain information can be supplied by one of two sources: • Internal GMX 200-Based Terrain • External TAWS-Based Terrain Current Altitude 100 feet below or at your current altitude 1000 feet below your current altitude 2000 feet below your current altitude More than 2000 feet below your current altitude Highest Terrain Terrain Elevation Color Coding Reference (Normal Terrain Model) Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the terrain data. Internal GMX 200-Based Terrain The altitude information comes from an external altitude encoder or GPS altitude depending on your installation. For pressure altitude, displayed altimeter setting has to be adjusted, or baro-corrected, just like the one in your aircraft’s instrument panel. Red Above your current altitude Red The Terrain Function shows a map of the terrain in the area relative to your airplane’s position and altitude. The GMX 200 has a standard internally based terrain function. The GMX 200 also supports an external TAWS sensor. When the external TAWS sensor is connected, it replaces the GMX 200’s internal Terrain function. The terrain screen has a 360-degree and a 120degree display. Both screens will show terrain relative to your position. Colors used for terrain display are shown below. Black Green Yellow Terrain (TER) Function NOTE: The Terrain function shows you the general terrain elevations relative to your altitude and are advisory in nature. Individual obstructions may be shown if available in the database. Terrain is displayed from database information and may therefore potentially contain some degree of error. Do not use this information for navigation. Obstructions Obstructions, such as towers and other man-made objects, are part of the GMX 200 updateable database. Obstructions over 250 feet high are shown on the maps with tower symbols. The symbol is color coded to signify the relative altitude of the tower to your aircraft’s altitude and follows the same conventions as the color coding for terrain. Obstruction icons Terrain Page with GMX 200-Based Data 50 Objects that are at your altitude are shown in red; objects that are near your altitude are shown in yellow; objects with towers that are significantly below your altitude colored green. Obstructions are shown on the 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Terrain Custom Map and in the Terrain function. Use the In and Out keys at the bottom of the screen to zoom in and zoom out. The zoom scale is shown in the lower left corner of the screen. Use the Baro+ and Baro- keys at the bottom of the screen to make minor adjustments to the barometric pressure value. TRK Up Arc/TRK Up 360 The Terrain function display is always in the Track Up mode. Pressing the Menu Item key toggles the map orientation between Track Up Arc and Track Up 360. Terrain Option Page The Terrain option page lets you select options for the choices of Flight Plan, Map Orientation, and setting the barometric pressure. Terrain option page showing 360 degree arc Set Barometer (Pressure Altitude only) Terrain option page showing 120 degree arc Flight Plan The Flight Plan option controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Menu Item key next to the Flight Plan option toggles between showing and not showing the Flight Plan route line. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Use the Set Barometer option to enter the correct barometric pressure for your area or adjust the current value. This option is best for making large changes. The Baro + and Baro - keys are more useful for minor corrections. Use the up/down arrow keys to increase or decrease the values. Use the left/right arrow keys to move between characters. Press the MENU/ENT key to save the displayed barometric pressure. A “Confirm Current Baro” message is displayed at the initial power-up and again once every 30 minutes of operation as a reminder to check your baro setting. Pressing the push button will toggle the rotary knob control between IN/OUT and Baro +/Baro –. 190-00607-02 Rev C 51 Detailed Operation Terrain When Baro +/Baro – are highlighted, you may then use the knob to adjust the barometric setting with the Rotary knob. Annunciation TER Data Flag The TER flag will appear if no terrain data is available for the advisory coverage area. External TAWS-Based Terrain Display The external TAWS-based Terrain feature shows terrain as provided by an external TAWS sensor when connected to and configured to receive that data from either the KGP-560, Landmark 8000, or KMH 820. When displaying external TAWS-based terrain, the external sensor determines the color coding and graphical presentation of terrain in the proximity of the aircraft. See the Pilots Guide for the Honeywell KGP-560 or KMH 820, or L3 (Goodrich) Landmark for additional information on how to interpret this information. NOTE: When the GMX 200 is configured for an external Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS), the “Baro” and “Alt” fields normally present on the Navigational Bar in the Custom Map function will not be displayed. Description TAWS sensor is not available. Do not use TAWS information. Check the TAWS equipment and documentation for guidance. Your aircraft may be too low. Check the TAWS equipment for guidance. The TAWS equipment is in Test mode. Check the TAWS equipment for guidance. Your aircraft may be too low. Check the TAWS equipment for guidance. TAWS Pop-Up Modes The GMX 200 will detect TAWS based terrain alerts and will force a pop-up of the Terrain Function when required. Terrain based Pop-Ups have higher priority over traffic based pop-up functionality. The following table describes annunciations that may occur in the TAWS function. These annunciations are based on external information. If an annunciation appears, check the TAWS equipment and documentation for further information. Annunciation 52 Description TAWS sensor is inoperative. Do not use TAWS information. TAWS sensor alerts are inhibited. 190-00607-02 Rev C Terrain Display of External TAWS-Based Data Detailed Operation UAT - FIS UAT Flight Information Service (FIS) Function The FIS Function is a graphic weather display capable of displaying graphical weather information on UAT equipped installations. Graphical data is overlaid on the map indicating the rainfall detected by ground based radar for a specific area. The colors indicating increasing levels of rainfall progresses from light green for light rainfall to magenta for heavy rainfall. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the FIS data. Rainfall data is color coded as follows: Brown/Blue (transparent color) Light Green Dark Green Yellow Amber Red Magenta Cyan UAT FIS Graphic Weather Info with GDL 90 If any weather data has been received in the previous two minutes, the “Service” indicator will be displayed in the lower right corner of the screen. This indicator shows if the aircraft is currently within reception coverage of a ground station with weather broadcast capabilities. Zero rainfall Light rainfall Heavy rainfall No rainfall data available A cyan checkerboard pattern indicates that no data is available for that area, and rainfall in that area is unknown. The ground system determines the weather coverage area and extent of data that is transmitted by each ground station. The GMX 200 can display weather from multiple sources. When weather data is received, the airborne system will display that data for 20 minutes. If no new data has been received for a given area, the rainfall will be removed after 20 minutes and the area will revert back to the cyan checkerboard pattern. The FIS Function is based on a ground-to-air data link and requires that the appropriate ground systems are broadcasting weather data and the aircraft is within reception range of the Ground Broadcast Transceiver (GBT). 190-00607-02 Rev C 53 Detailed Operation UAT - FIS Text Display FIS text messages are available on the text display and include METARs and TAFs. Messages are composed of four parts: message type, location, time, and message body. 3. Press the Text key to select the Text (Text) sub-function. 4. Press the Ç or È function smart keys, or use the rotary knob, to move up or down the FIS category list to highlight TAF or METAR. 5. Press the Æ arrow key to move to the items in the list for the TAF or METAR category. 6. While in the list for the selected category, press the Ç or È function smart keys to highlight a particular message for the selected category. The text for the selected message is shown in the FIS Message window in the upper portion of the screen. 7. UAT FIS Text Weather Info with GDL 90 Press the Æ arrow key to move to the FIS message time stamp in the farthest right column. The smart key to the farthest right on the bottom of the screen will change to View. Press View to expand the FIS Message window at the top of the screen. A green arrow at the bottom of the FIS Message window indicates that more text is available. Clearing Text FIS Messages While the FIS Category is highlighted, the smart key to the farthest right on the bottom of the screen will be labeled Clear. Pressing the Clear key will clear all FIS messages for the highlighted category type. Messages will be displayed again as they are received from the GBT. Sorting Text FIS Messages UAT FIS Text Weather Message Time Stamp Viewing Text 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the MENU/ENT key brings up the menu items. 54 While the cursor is in the Ident column, the smart key to the farthest right on the bottom of the screen will be labeled Sort. Pressing the Sort key repeatedly will step through the sorting choices of: Nearest Final Waypoint, Nearest Present Position, or Nearest Next Waypoint. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS GDL 69/69A Flight Information Service (FIS) Function 2. The first two function smart keys at the bottom of the screen zoom IN and OUT on the map. The FIS Function is capable of displaying graphical weather information through the XM Satellite Radio Service when activated in the optional installation of the GDL 69/69A. A variety of graphical data can be overlaid on the map at the touch of a button. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the FIS data. To minimize the possibility of display clutter, up to four weather products may be displayed at any one time. When four weather products are displayed, you must first disable a product before enabling another. XM Satellite Radio offers several subscriptions, that are differentiated by the products provided with each level. Refer to the XM Satellite Radio web site for a description of the subscription options. The GMX 200 provides options via the menu item keys for all supported functions, even those that are not available for each subscription level. 3. The PAN key brings up the movement menu item keys at the right of the screen that allow you to move the view of the map. 4. The fourth function smart key on the right will step through the four sub-functions of GDL 69/69A FIS: Current, Forecast, Text, and Status. 5. The MENU/ENT key brings up menu items for more detail on each sub-function. Weather Product Zoom Scale The weather products available using the GDL 69/69A are generally drawn at all zoom settings except in three cases. Weather in Current Function Limited to 20 NM or more Freezing Levels and Radar Coverage are shown at zoom levels greater than 15 NM. When Freezing Levels or Radar Coverage are selected and the zoom level is less than 20 NM, “Map Scale Limits Wx” will be displayed in the lower right corner. Surface Analysis is shown at zoom levels greater than 40 NM. When Surface Analysis is selected and the zoom level is less than 50 NM, “Map Scale Limits Wx” will be displayed in the lower right corner. Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) GDL 69/69A FIS Menu Page 1 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) indicate areas where flight restrictions have been imposed. They are depicted as areas with yellow outlines. The area may also contain the TFR identifier label. The TFR identifier label includes the TFR number and upper 190-00607-02 Rev C 55 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS altitude. Press the TFR Lbl key to toggle the TFR Identifier Labels on and off. TFRs are drawn on the FIS page when provided by the FIS sensor and can not be enabled or disabled. TFR text information is described on page 66. TFR Outline with TFR Number and Upper Altitude NEXRAD Description WSR-88D weather surveillance radar or NEXRAD (NEXt generation RADar) is a Doppler radar system that has greatly improved the detection of meteorological events such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes. An extensive network of NEXRAD stations provides almost complete radar coverage of the continental United States, Alaska, and Hawaii. The unobstructed range of each NEXRAD is 124 nautical miles. NEXRAD Abnormalities There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but not all, causes of abnormal displayed information include: • Ground Clutter • Strobes and spurious radar data • Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun • Military aircraft deploy metallic dust which can 56 cause alterations in radar scans • Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows • Scheduled maintenance may put a radar off-line NEXRAD Limitations Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are listed for the user’s awareness: • NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain, etc). •  NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and has no information about storms directly over the site. • The resolution of displayed NEXRAD data is 2 kilometers. Therefore, when zoomed in on the display, each square block is 2 kilometers. The intensity level reflected by the square will be the highest level sampled within the 2 kilometer square area. NEXRAD Intensity Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity) measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Reflectivity (designated by the letter Z) covers a wide range of signals (from very weak to very strong). So, a more convenient number for calculations and comparison, a decibel (or logarithmic) scale (dBZ), is used. The dBZ values increase as the strength of the signal returned to the radar increases. There are five gradations for rain, three gradations for mixed rain and snow, and three gradations for snow. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS NEXRAD NEXRAD Color Legend Current The Current sub-function provides an overlay of the currently selected weather information. The three pages of menu item selections allow you to modify the display of NexRad, radar coverage, METARs, lightning, thunderstorm cell movement, cloud tops, echo tops, winds aloft, information labels, flight plan course line, weather legends, map and navaids, and map orientation. 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Current (Crnt) sub-function. 3. The MENU/ENT key brings up menu items for current weather products and more detail on each sub-function. When enabled, NEXRAD weather information is shown. Composite data from all of the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the information is colorcoded to indicate the weather level severity. Information about which sites are operational or off-line is also available (see coverage below). The update rate is every five minutes. Refer to the legend for a description of the color code. The Nexrad option has selections of Nxrd On, Nxrd Off, and Animate. The Animate selection will step through a number of time intervals to provide a view of weather trends. GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 1 with NEXRAD Animation GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 1 with NEXRAD Activated Up to the last 12 images are looped continuously. The age of individual images is shown in the lower right corner of the display. The time format shows hours and minutes with the Zulu date and time. For instance, 1:02 - 181930Z means the information is one hour and 2 minutes old and was reported on the 18th day of the month at 1930 Zulu time. When Nexrad animation is turned on, Coverage, METARs, Lightning, Cell Move, Cloud Tops, Echo Tops, and 190-00607-02 Rev C 57 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Winds Aloft are not available and will be noted as “N/A” in their data fields, as opposed to when data is not received from the GDL 69/69A, the data fields are shown as dashes “---”. description of the color code. The update rate is every 12 minutes. METAR Legend NEXRAD animation detail showing image age When Nexrad animation is turned on, all other enabled weather products are disabled. Only images received from the GDL 69/69A since power was applied are displayed. Coverage The Coverage menu item when selected shows shaded areas where NEXRAD radar coverage is not available. Areas where radar capability exists, but is not active or is off-line (e.g. maintenance), will also be shown as not available. GDL 69/69A FIS METARs Lightning When enabled, lightning strikes and cells are shown. Lightning information indicates the location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. The update rate is every five minutes. Cell Movement GDL 69/69A FIS Radar Coverage and Winds Aloft METARs When enabled, METARs (METeorological Aviation Reports) are shown as colored flags at airports that provide METAR reports. Press the METARs key to enable or disable METARs. Refer to the Legend for a 58 When enabled, Cell Movement shows the storm cells identified by the ground-based system. The movement is depicted by an arrow. The tip of the arrow represents where the cell is expected to be in 10 minutes from the time the cell location was determined. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 2 The second menu option page of the Current FIS function lets you select options for the choices of: Cloud Tops, Echo Tops, Winds Aloft, Winds Aloft Altitude, and TFR Labels. animation is turned on, Coverage, METARs, Lightning, Cell Move, Echo Tops, and Winds Aloft are not available. Selecting Nexrad Animation will disable CT On and CT Animate. Only images received from the GDL 69/69A since power was applied are displayed. Cloud Top animation detail showing image age GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 2 Cloud Tops Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Cloud Tops key to toggle Cloud Tops on and off. When enabled, Cloud Tops data depicts the cloud top altitude determined from satellite imagery. Refer to the legend for a description of the Cloud Tops color coding. The update rate is every 15 minutes. The Cloud Tops function has selections of CT On, CT Off, and CT Animate. The Animate selection will step through a number of time intervals to provide a view of weather trends. Up to the last 12 images are looped continuously. The age of individual images is shown in the lower right corner of the display. The time format shows hours and minutes with the Zulu date and time. For instance, 1:23 - 181910Z means the information is one hour and 23 minutes old and was reported on the 18th day of the month at 1910 Zulu time. When Cloud Top GDL 69/69A FIS Cloud Tops 190-00607-02 Rev C NOTE: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude. Both products can not be displayed at the same time. Selecting Cloud Tops automatically disables Echo Tops. Cloud Top Legend 59 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Echo Tops Winds Aloft Echo Tops indicate the location, elevation, and direction the highest radar echo. This is typically associated with storms. This may not indicate the top of a storm or clouds, only the highest radar return echo. The information is derived from NEXRAD information and indicates the highest altitude at which precipitation is falling. Refer to the Legend for a description of the Echo Tops coding. The update rate is every 7.5 minutes. The Winds Aloft selection provides the pilot with the wind speed and direction. The winds at a given altitude are selected in the Winds Aloft Alt menu item. The selected altitude is shown along with the product time. The update rate is every 12 minutes. Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Winds Aloft key to toggle the display of Winds Aloft on and off. Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Echo Tops key to toggle Echo Tops on and off. XM FIS Winds Aloft GDL 69/69A FIS Echo Tops Winds Aloft Legend Winds Aloft Altitude Echo Tops Legend 60 NOTE: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude. Both products can not be displayed at the same time. Selecting Echo Tops automatically disables Cloud Tops. The Winds Aloft Altitude selection provides the pilot with the ability to select the wind altitude from the ground up to 42,000 feet in 3,000 foot increments. When no data is shown at a given altitude, the data for that altitude has not been received. Wait for the next update. The update rate is every 12 minutes. The selected altitude is depicted in the Product Time window at the bottom of the display. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS TFR Label Press MENU/ENT key and then press the TFR Lbl key to toggle the TFR Identifier Labels on and off. The TFR Identifier Labels note the TFR number and upper altitude near the TFR outline. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Legend Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Legend key to display the legends describing the graphic display coding. GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 3 The third menu option page of the Current FIS function lets you select options for the choices of: Label, Flight Plan, Legend, Map Detail, and Map Orientation. GDL 69/69A FIS with NEXRAD Weather and Legend 1. Press the Å or Æ arrow keys to display the legends for the selected services. 2. Press Done to turn the Legends off. Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. GDL 69/69A FIS Current Menu Page 3 Label Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Label key to toggle the station labels on and off. Flight Plan Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Flight Plan key to toggle the Flight Plan course line on and off. The magenta line is the active leg. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the 190-00607-02 Rev C 61 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS County Warnings Legend AIRMET/SIGMET Legend NEXRAD Legend City Forecast Legend Cloud Tops Legend Freezing Levels Legend METAR Legend Echo Tops Legend Winds Aloft Legend Map Detail Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Map Detail key to choose between the display of No Overlays, the Base Map, or Map and Nav Aids. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are drawn when Map and Navaids are drawn and the airport diagrams are available in the database. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are drawn when the zoom scale is 15 NM, or lower, with progressively more details shown as the scale decreases. Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. Map Orientation Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Map Orientation key to choose the configuration of the map orientation of DTK Up, North Up, TRK Up, TRK Up Arc, or TRK Up 360. Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. 62 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Product Times Product times are shown on the lower portion of the display and cannot be hidden. The times for each of the enabled products (up to four at a time) are displayed. The time format shows day of month and then hours and minutes in Zulu time. For instance, METAR: 24 2036Z would mean that product time reported was on the 24th of the current month at 20:36 Zulu time. The following product times are shown: Nexrad for NEXRAD radar, Coverage for active NEXRAD radar coverage areas, METAR, Echo Tops, Cloud Tops, Lightning, and Winds Aloft. Times are Zulu times when the data was assembled on the ground, not the time the data was received or displayed by the FIS sensor. The Winds Aloft product time includes the selected Winds Aloft Altitude. Product times are shown in white when they are initially shown and change to blue and then yellow as they pass certain age thresholds. A product time aging table is shown below. For a GMX 200 that does not have time available from a GPS receiver, age is based on the time the data was received from the GDL 69/69A sensor. In this case, the age of the data may be older than what is shown by the color coding. Animating Nexrad, Cloud Tops, or Surface Analysis products will disable the depiction of other enabled products. The product time for the other enabled products will be displayed as “N/A” while animation is active. FIS Product Times Goes Blue After Goes Yellow After (Minutes) (Minutes) NEXRAD 8 13 Graphical METAR 15 75 8 23 Lightning Cell Movement 4.25 5.5 Radar Coverage 8 13 Echo Tops 10.5 18 Winds Aloft 15 75 AIRMET 15 51 SIGMET 15 51 Cyclone 15 51 8 23 County Warnings Freezing Level 15 75 City Forecasts 15 51 Surface Analysis 15 195 Cloud Tops 10.5 18 Forecast Weather forecast information is provided for an available City, SIGMETs, AIRMETs, Freezing Levels, County warnings, and Cyclones. While using this feature you can also customize the display of information showing map labels, flight plan line, and legend. 190-00607-02 Rev C 63 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Surface Analysis XM FIS Forecast Menu Item Page 1 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Forecast (Fcst) sub-function. 3. The MENU/ENT key brings up menu items for more sub-functions. Of the following sub-functions, only four may be selected at any given time: Sfc On or Sfc Animate, City, SIGMET, AIRMET, Frz Lvls, County, or Cyclone. NOTE: Forecasts are intended to provide data on expected conditions. Actual conditions may deviate from the forecast. It is the pilot’s responsibility to obtain current information from official sources and to update this information during the flight. When enabled, the Surface Analysis forecast shows frontal lines indicating weather fronts and the direction they are moving. High and Low pressure centers are noted with a large H or L. Forecasts are available for intervals of current, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours. The Forecast Time menu item will step through the intervals manually. The Surface Animate selection will automatically step through the times to provide an indication of how the weather systems are expected to move. Animating Surface Analysis products will disable the depiction of other enabled products. The product time for the other enabled products will be displayed as “N/A” while animation is active. A Cold Front is a front where cold air replaces warm air. A blue line with blue triangles that point in the direction of the cold air flow. A Warm Front is where warm air replaces cold air. An orange line with orange half moons that point in the direction of the warm air flow. A Stationary Front is a front with very little horizontal movement. The line alternates with orange and blue sections which point in opposite directions to symbolize little movement. A Occluded Front is where a cold front has overtaken and merged with a warm front. The line alternates with the blue triangle and orange half moon symbols on the same side of the line pointing in the direction the front is moving. 64 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS XM FIS AIRMET and SIGMET Legend Refer to the Legend for a description of the color coding. 1. Press the Å or Æ arrow keys to display the legends for the selected services. 2. Press Done to turn the Legends off. XM FIS Forecast Surface Analysis AIRMET City When enabled, the City forecast shows current or forecast conditions in available cities. Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours. This menu item key enables or disables this product. Use the menu item key below the City key to select the current or forecast time. The update rate is every 12 minutes. Forecast Time The forecast time range can be selected to cover the Current conditions, 12 Hours, 24 Hours, 36 Hours, or 48 Hours. Each press of the Forecast Time key will step through times. SIGMET When enabled, SIGMETs (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advise the pilot of potentially hazardous weather, other than convective activity, to all aircraft. The advisory covers an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one time. SIGMET data covers icing, turbulence, dust, and volcanic ash as issued by the National Weather Service. The update rate is every 12 minutes. AIRMETs (AIRman’s METeorological Information) advises the pilot of weather that may be hazardous to single engine, other light aircraft, and Visual Flight Rule (VFR) pilots. This advisory affects an area of a least 3,000 square miles at any one time and provides data about ceiling, obscuration, and turbulence issued by the National Weather Service (NWS). The update rate is every 12 minutes. When enabled, the following AIRMETs are available for display: • Icing • Turbulence • IFR conditions • Mountain obscuration • Surface winds Refer to the Legend for a description of the color coding. 1. Press the Å or Æ arrow keys to display the legends for the selected services. 2. Press Done to turn the Legends off. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. 190-00607-02 Rev C 65 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS GDL 69/69A FIS Forecast Menu Page 2 The second menu option page of the Forecast (Fcst) FIS function lets you select options for the choices of: Freezing Levels, County Warnings, Cyclones, TFR Labels, and Label. XM FIS County Warnings Legend 1. Press the Å or Æ arrow keys to display the legends for the selected services. 2. Press Done to turn the Legends off. Cyclone This product is not available at this time. TFR Label Press MENU/ENT key and then press the TFR Lbl key to toggle the TFR Identifier Labels on and off. The TFR Identifier Labels note the TFR number and upper altitude near the TFR outline. When selected, TFR labels will be displayed when the zoom scale is 50 NM or less. XM FIS Forecast Menu Item Page 2 Freezing Levels This product is not available at this time. Label County The County selection provides specific public awareness and protection weather warnings for Hurricanes, Tornados, Severe Thunderstorms, Floods*, Flash Floods*, and special Maritime conditions* provided by the National Weather Service (NWS). * These conditions are noted by a single common symbol. Refer to the Legend for a description of the color coding. 66 Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Label key to toggle the station labels on and off. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. GDL 69/69A FIS Forecast Menu Page 3 The third menu option page of the Forecast (Fcst) FIS function lets you select options for the choices of: Flight Plan, Legend, Map Detail, and Map Orientation. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS with progressively more details shown as the scale decreases. XM FIS Forecast Menu Item Page 3 Flight Plan Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Flight Plan key to toggle the Flight Plan course line on and off. The magenta line is the active leg. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Legend Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Legend Menu Item key to display the legends describing the graphic display colors. Press the Å or Æ arrow keys to display the legends for the selected services. Press Done to turn the Legends off. A graphic of each product legend is shown on page 62. Map Detail Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. Map Orientation Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Map Orientation Menu to choose the configuration of the map orientation of DTK Up, North Up, TRK Up, TRK Up Arc, or TRK Up 360. Press the Main Menu key to return to the first page of menu items. Press MENU/ENT key and then press the Map Detail key to choose between the display of No Overlays, the Base Map, or Map and Nav Aids. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are always drawn if available in the database. SafeTaxi airport diagrams are drawn when the zoom scale is 15 NM, or lower, 190-00607-02 Rev C 67 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Selecting Categories and Messages Text The Text sub-function displays text messages of the available weather information. Use the function smart keys at the bottom of the display to select the message that you would like to view from the list in the FIS Category window. The text message for the selected item is displayed in the FIS Message window at the top portion of the display. 1. Press the Ç or È function smart keys to move up or down the FIS category list. The selected category is highlighted. XM FIS Text Messages (METAR Selected) 2. Press the Æ arrow key to move to the items in the list for that category. XM FIS Text Messages (AIRMET Selected) 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Text (Text) sub-function. 3. The MENU/ENT key brings up menu items for more detail on each sub-function. 68 3. While in the list for a category, press the Ç or È function smart keys to highlight a particular message. The text for the selected message is shown in the FIS Message window in the upper portion of the screen. 4. Press the Æ arrow key again to return to the category list. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS Sorting METAR, TAF, and TFR Text Messages Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) Displayed text products can be sorted by distance from your present position (Nearest Pos), distance from destination (Nearest Dest), or alphabetically (Alpha). The full page view of the TFR is available when TFR Text is selected. TFR information includes: type, minimum and maximum altitude, and Notam ID. If TFR text extends beyond the page size, no scrolling is available. 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Text (Text) sub-function. Sorting Text Messages (Nearest Position For TAFs Shown) 1. Press MENU/ENT. 2. Press the top menu item key to go through the choices. View Viewing TFR Text Some text products may provide more information than can be shown in the message window when the category window is also shown. You can customize the Text display to show both the FIS Category and FIS Message windows at the same time or to view the FIS Messages only. 1. Press MENU/ENT. 2. Press the View menu item to toggle between the choices. 3. Press the Ç or È function smart keys to move up or down the FIS category list to highlight TFR. 4. Press the Æ arrow key to move the items in the list for the TFR category. 5. While in the list for the TFR category, press the Ç or È function smart keys to highlight a particular message for the selected category. The text for the selected message is shown in the FIS Message window in the upper portion of the screen. 190-00607-02 Rev C 69 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS 6. The MENU/ENT key brings up the menu items. Press View, if necessary, to display the full screen FIS Message. Status The Status sub-function displays information about the available XM products, receiver performance, and subscription level. time, which is the time the product was generated for transmission. Not Available means the product is not included in your chosen subscription level or that data has not been received since the last power cycle of the GMX 200. XM FIS Product Status Diagnostics XM FIS Data Product Status 1. Press the FN key and then press the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Status (Status) sub-function. 3. The MENU/ENT key brings up the Menu Item. The Diagnostics page shows error status codes generated by the XM radio receivers. One receiver is for weather data and the other receiver is for audio entertainment. Signal strength is shown as one of four levels. The GDL 69/69A software version is shown in the lower left section of the display. Press End Diag to exit Diagnostics. 4. Press the top Menu Item key on the right to step through the pages for Product Status, Diagnostics, and Activation. Product Status The Product Status page displays a list of all products supported by the GMX 200. The status is shown as available or not available. Available means the product is a part of your chosen subscription level and the GMX 200 has data that can be displayed. A time stamp will indicate the last received product 70 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS XM FIS Diagnostics XM FIS Data Activation 1. While in the Status page, press MENU/ENT. 2. Press the Products key to toggle to the Diagnostics display. The Diagnostics page information is displayed. 3. Press the Start Diag key to activate GDL 69/69A diagnostics. NOTE: After diagnostics have been run, power to the GDL 69/69A must be recycled to return to proper operation, for GDL 69/69A software versions prior to version 2.13. Activation The Activation page shows the radio identification numbers for one or both receivers. These numbers are needed to start a subscription. The Service Class is the name of the data subscription level. The Weather Products section shows the products contained in the selected subscription level. 1. Press the FN key and then the FIS function key when displayed. 2. Press the fourth function smart key on the right to select the Status (Status) sub-function. 3. Press MENU/ENT to display the Products menu item. 4. Press the Products key to toggle to the Diagnostics display. The Diagnostics page information is displayed, including Radio IDs, Service Class, and Weather Products. 5. Follow the XM Satellite Radio Activation procedure and press Accept at the appropriate time. Activating XM Radio Services Before the GDL 69/69A can be used, the unit must be activated by XM Satellite Radio and services are subscribed to XM Satellite Radio. Please note that the GDL 69 is a weather data link. The GDL 69A is a weather data link and audio receiver. The data link service and the audio entertainment services must be activated separately. Gather Information Your GDL 69 or GDL 69A is shipped with one or two radio hardware identifications, respectively. These IDs serve as identification codes for your XM190-00607-02 Rev C 71 Detailed Operation GDL 69/69A - FIS equipped GDL 69/69A and are needed in the activation process. The ID(s) is attached to this instruction sheet and printed on a label on the back of the unit. The IDs can also be retrieved through the GMX 200 in the Activation page of the Status sub-function. Contact your dealer or customer service if you are unable to locate the radio hardware IDs. XM Satellite Radio Activation Weather and/or audio data from your GDL 69/69A are provided by XM Satellite Radio, a company separate and independent from Garmin Corporation. Have your radio hardware IDs ready before contacting XM Satellite Radio. During the process, you can select services for subscription. Keep in mind that the GDL 69 has no audio capability, audio services will not be available with the unit. Follow the GDL 69/69A XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04) enclosed with your GDL 69/69A unit to activate the XM products. 72 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Lightning Lightning Strikes (LT) Function The Lightning Strike function allows you to view lightning strikes that are reported by an L3 WX500 Stormscope Weather Mapping Sensor. The “T” marks are used as reference marks to aid in locating strikes in reference to your position. Your display range must be selected to be greater than 25 NM to display lightning strikes. The display range is shown in the lower left corner of the display. For instance, if you zoom In to a range of 20 NM, no strikes will be shown, but if you zoom Out to 30 NM strikes will be shown. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the Lightning data. The In and Out keys control the map scale (zoom in or out). The Clear key clears the current lightning strikes, which will be refreshed on the next update cycle. Lightning Menu Page 1 The first option page of the Lightning function lets you select menu items for the choices of Flight Plan, Display view, Lightning groups, Heading Stabilization, and Stormscope (System Data) info. The last option selection (Next Page) takes you to the next page of menu items. Lightning Function Menu Items (Page 1) Flight Plan The Flight Plan key controls the display of the Flight Plan course line. Pressing the Flight Plan key toggles between showing and not showing the Flight Plan route line. If the flight plan provided by the navigator to the GMX 200 has an invalid cross track error, the ownship symbol will have a red “X” placed over it. Display View (360/120) Two display views of the lightning information may be selected. The 360 view shows a 360° view the airspace surrounding your aircraft. The 120 view shows a 120° forward view from your aircraft’s position and the display is divided into three segments. Lightning The WX500 detects electrical discharges within a range determined by the installation of your Stormscope. These discharge locations are noted as Lightning strikes and displayed as an “x.” You may select either single Strike or Cell (groups) of lightning representations. 190-00607-02 Rev C 73 Detailed Operation Lightning Strike Lightning Menu Page 2 Individual strikes are noted. Cell Only lightning strikes associated with a group, or cell, of strikes are displayed. The second option page of the Lightning function lets you select options for the choices of Demo, Self-Test for the Stormscope, Noise Monitor, and Strike Test. The last menu item key takes you back to the first page of menu items. Heading Stabilization The Heading Stabilization function of the WX500 can be turned on or off with this selection. System Data Press the System Data key to display information about the WX500. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. Lightning Function Menu Items (Page 2) Demo The Demo option places the WX500 sensor in a demonstration mode that simulates lightning strikes. Self-Test The Self-Test option performs a number of tests on the operation of the WX500 and provides a report of its status. 74 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Lightning Noise Monitor The Noise Monitor feature is a function of the WX500. For details about using this feature refer to the WX500 owner’s documents. The Noise Monitor displays reports of electrical noise, whether they are from lightning or other noise sources within the range of the system. This function is used to help determine if electrical noise is present that may affect normal system operation. Strike Test The Strike Test feature is a function of the WX500. For details about using this feature refer to the WX500 owner’s documents. The Strike Test feature is used by installers to verify proper operation of the WX500. Test strikes are sent to the antenna. The received test strike is then visually presented on the screen. Antenna Change Message When an “Antenna Change” message is shown, the lightning sensor may have failed. When this message is displayed, the sensor is automatically shut down for the remainder of the flight. The installation should be inspected before the lightning function is used again. 190-00607-02 Rev C 75 Detailed Operation FliteChart - Chart FliteChart (CHART) Function (Optional) The optional GMX 200 FliteChart feature provides the capability to view Garmin electronic charts. Depending on the charts available in the database, the following chart types may be viewed: Approach charts, airport surface charts, SIDS, STARS, Airspace Charts alternate minimums, and take-off minimums. The in-flight data resides on the pilot removable front-loading data card and is updated by the pilot using a home PC-based data loader. The GMX 200 FliteChart feature does not currently represent a sole replacement for the paper chart within the cockpit. The presentation of the chart data is intended for supplemental use and to provide additional situational awareness. The pilot must still have access to the printed chart as required by FAA regulations. When viewed in the FliteChart Function, more selection options are available for locating a specific chart among the charts in the database, and the chart is displayed similar to a standard chart manual (north up) with no position overlay. Airport surface charts available in the FliteChart database are not the same as the airport surface diagrams available in the SafeTaxi database. FliteChart airport surface charts are not geo-referenced, meaning they can be displayed only in the Chart function and cannot be viewed on a moving map with position overlay. SafeTaxi airport surface diagrams are geo-referenced and are displayed only on the moving map with position overly and cannot be viewed in the Chart function. SafeTaxi and FliteChart databases are derived from different sources and are regularly updated. They may not contain airport surface chart and airport 76 surface diagrams for the same set of airports. Data Card Managing the charts that are loaded onto the data card is performed using the data loader software tool provided by Garmin. The GMX 200 FliteChart data card can hold approximately 10,000 charts at a given time. FliteChart Function The FliteChart Function is accessed by pressing the FN Function key and selecting the FliteChart (CHART) function. The FliteChart Function incorporates three menu items that control two basic operations: • Search ID: allows charts to be accessed by selecting the associated airport. • Select Airport: allows the charts to be accessed from a list of nearest airports, up to the nearest 25, with the destination airport as the first airport in the list. • Select Chart: is used to designate a specific chart from a list of charts for the selected airport. The FliteChart Function will retain the last view settings and will not change the chart, zoom level, or pan setting when the function is exited and re-entered, allowing it to operate similar to a physical chart manual. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation FliteChart - Chart FliteChart Example: 1. Press FN and then CHART. 2. Press MENU/ENT. 4. Press the Select Airport Menu Item key and highlight the desired airport with the arrow “smart” keys, or the rotary knob, and then press the Select key or the knob pushbutton. Menu Items for the FliteChart Function 3. Press the Search ID Menu Item key and select the Airport ID. Use the two keys on the left, or the rotary knob, to choose the letters and the two keys on the right to move the cursor. The knob push button moves the cursor to the right by one position with each press. Press MENU/ENT to select the desired Airport ID. Search for the Airport ID in the FliteChart Function Selecting the airport for a Chart in the FliteChart Function 5. Highlight the desired chart with the arrow keys or the rotary knob and then press View or the rotary knob pushbutton. You may also press the Cancel key. Selecting the Chart for an Airport in the FliteChart Function 190-00607-02 Rev C 77 Detailed Operation FliteChart - Chart 6. View the chart. Adjust the zoom level using the In or Out keys, or the rotary knob. Press the Pan key and use the movement Menu Item keys on the right side of the display. Menu Items 1. Press FN and then CHART. 2. Press MENU/ENT and then the Menu Item key for the desired function. Search for the Airport ID in the FliteChart Function 2. Use the two keys on the left, or the rotary knob, to choose the letters and the two keys on the right to move the cursor. Pressing the knob pushbutton moves the cursor to the right. 3. Press MENU/ENT to select the desired Airport ID. Menu Items for the FliteChart Function Search ID The Search ID menu item within the FliteChart Function allows you to search for a specific airport identifier. As this operation requires multiple keystrokes to look up a specific chart, it is not recommended as the primary mechanism for accessing the charts, but does allow for flexibility. When an airport is located, it will be set as the currently selected airport. Airport identifiers must be entered with the prefix; in the United States, the prefix is “K”. 1. Press MENU/ENT and then press the Search ID Menu Item key and select the Airport ID. 78 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation FliteChart - Chart Select Airport Select Chart The Select Airport operation allows the airport of interest to be selected from a pop-up list. Up to 25 airports may be listed. The airports presented in the list are determined based on the destination waypoint as the first entry, and a nearest type search for the remaining entries. 1. Press MENU/ENT and then press the Select Airport Menu Item key. 2. Highlight the desired airport with the arrow “smart” keys, or the rotary knob, and then press the Select key or the knob pushbutton. The Select Chart operation allows the list of charts for the currently selected airport to be listed in a popup list. 1. If this page was not reached automatically from the Select Airport selection, press MENU/ENT and then press the Select Chart Menu Item key. Highlight the desired chart with the arrow keys or the rotary knob. Selecting the Chart for an Airport in the FliteChart Function 2. Press the View key or the knob pushbutton. Selecting the airport for a Chart in the FliteChart Function 3. Once the airport is located, the Select Chart menu is presented (see below), allowing a specific chart for that airport to be viewed. 3. View the chart. Adjust the zoom level using the In or Out keys. Press the Pan key and use the movement Menu Item keys on the right side of the display. 190-00607-02 Rev C 79 Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart ChartView (CHART) Function (Optional) The optional GMX 200 ChartView feature provides the capability to view Jeppesen Sanderson Inc. electronic charts. Two basic types of charts can be viewed: Approach charts and airport surface charts. Approach charts can be manually loaded and overlaid on the moving map during flight, while airport surface charts are automatically overlaid while on the ground. Both types of charts are also viewable from the ChartView Function in a manual fashion. Approach charts may also be loaded automatically when installed with a GNS 480-series GPS receiver. The electronic chart data is generated from the standard Jeppesen CD ROM product, which is distributed and updated by Jeppesen or from the Jeppesen web site. Charts are updated on a two-week schedule. The in-flight data resides on the pilot removable frontloading data card and is updated by the pilot using a home PC-based data loader. The GMX 200 ChartView feature does not currently represent a sole replacement for the paper chart within the cockpit. The presentation of the chart data is intended for supplemental use and to provide additional situational awareness. The pilot must still have access to the printed chart as required by FAA regulations. 80 ChartView as viewed on the Custom Map Page Overview • Charts are viewed either as a dynamic overlay on the Custom/IFR Map, or as a static page through the dedicated ChartView Function (“Chart” on the function menu). • When viewed as a dynamic overlay on the Custom/IFR Map, the chart will be properly georeferenced with respect to the base map. Orientation (track up, north up, etc.), zoom scale, and aircraft position will all be properly presented relative to the chart data, using the standard map controls. • When viewed in the ChartView Function, more selection options are available for locating a specific chart among the charts in the database, and the chart is displayed similar to a standard chart manual (north up) with no position overlay. • A given approach chart must be “loaded” for map overlay usage by first selecting the airport of interest, then selecting the individual chart for that airport. Approach charts can be loaded from either the Custom/IFR Map or from the ChartView Function. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart • Pressing the Info key while a chart is loaded or being viewed will bring up the header, profile, and minimums associated with the chart. Chart Data Source The same set of charts that are available in electronic form from the Jeppesen JeppView™ product are available for loading onto the GMX 200 platform. These consist of approaches, SIDS, STARS, airspace charts, and airport surface diagrams. The GMX 200 can display all of these charts from the ChartView Function, or a limited sub-set as dynamic overlays on the “Custom Map” when the corresponding chart has been “Geo-Referenced” by Jeppesen. Data Card Managing the charts that are loaded onto the data card is performed using the data loader software tool provided by Jeppesen. The GMX 200 ChartView data card can hold approximately 10,000 charts at a given time. Chart Geo-Referencing For the ownship position to be overlaid on the chart (as viewed from the Custom/IFR Map), the chart must be available in a “Geo-Referenced” version, as supplied by Jeppesen. Currently not all charts and airport surface charts are geo-referenced. When a chart is viewed and a red “X” is present on the earth symbol (to the left of the chart name), the chart is NOT geo-referenced and thus cannot be “loaded.” Hot Spots Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. These areas are called hot spots and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Hot spots are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. Chart Overlay in the Custom/IFR Map On the Custom Map or the IFR En Route Map, approach charts (not airport surface charts) must be manually “loaded” as there are multiple approach charts that can apply for a given region (i.e. multiple approach charts for the same airport). An approach chart will be displayed as an overlay when the following conditions are met: • The approach chart is within the database on the card • The approach chart is geo-referenced • The approach chart has been loaded • The aircraft position is within the coverage of the approach chart • The aircraft speed is above the air/ground threshold (aircraft is in flight) Load a specific approach chart for use as an overlay by first selecting the airport and then selecting the approach chart. Selecting the Airport Pressing the Load Chart key on the Custom or IFR Map function will present a list of airports that have geo-referenced approach charts available. The first airport within the list is the destination waypoint as 190-00607-02 Rev C 81 Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart selected on the external GPS navigator, with additional airports listed based on a nearest to destination search. Airports and approach charts that are not geo-referenced will not be shown for selection on this menu. NOTE: Prior to loading an approach chart, there is an operational benefit to selecting the desired airport on the GPS navigator as the destination waypoint. The GMX 200 can then detect this and will place the corresponding airport at the top of the airport list. The remaining number of airports within the list will vary depending on the complexity of the database within the current region and the number of geo-referenced approach charts associated with the airports in the area. The GMX 200 performs a complex filtering process that eliminates airports and associated approach charts that are not geo-referenced, based on present position. Selecting an Approach Chart in the IFR Function Overlay Chart Loading Example 1. Press FN and then MAP or IFR. 2. Press MENU/ENT and then the Load Chart key. Loading the Approach Chart Once the airport is selected, the individual approach chart to be overlaid can be loaded from a list of geo-referenced approach charts available for that airport. Not all approach charts can be overlaid in this fashion and only geo-referenced charts will be presented for selection from the Custom Map. Because of this, it is possible that approach charts that are viewable under the ChartView Function may not be presented in this list. NOTE: The pilot must be aware that not all charts in the loaded database can be used as an overlay. Once the approach chart is loaded, a green Annunciator will illuminate at the top of the screen indicating the airport name and specific chart that has been loaded. 82 Selecting an Approach Chart in the IFR Function 3. Highlight the desired airport with the arrow keys and then press the Select key. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart level. In auto zoom mode (entered by zooming all the way down or all of the way up), the zoom scale will be calculated to maintain the active waypoint of your GPS receiver on the screen at all times. Selecting an Airport in the IFR Function 4. Highlight the desired approach with the arrow keys and then press the Load key. Selecting an Approach Chart in the IFR Function 5. Adjust the zoom level using the In or Out keys. Viewing the Chart as an Overlay Display of Coverage Area Once the desired approach chart has been loaded, a green Annunciator bar with the approach name is illuminated at the top of the Custom and IFR maps. If the aircraft is outside the coverage area of the approach chart, a black rectangular box will be presented that shows the coverage of the chart itself. Once the aircraft has entered the coverage area, the chart contents will be displayed on the screen. Note that a loaded approach chart is only viewable when the aircraft is in flight, otherwise, the airport surface chart has priority and the approach chart must be viewed in the ChartView function. Chart Zooming Auto zoom mode is supported from the Custom Map and is recommended to reduce the workload associated with maintaining an appropriate zoom When an approach chart is loaded and being displayed, the auto zoom mode will limit the low-end zoom level to 5 NM as the current waypoint is being approached. This prevents the display from zooming into a level where the overall situational awareness relative to the approach as a whole is lost. This can be over-ridden by taking the unit out of auto zoom mode. This limit does not apply when the auto-zoom mode is tied to the GNS 480-series GPS receiver. Chart Panning Panning on the loaded chart is currently not supported. Entering the panning mode will disable the display of the chart and allow the underlying map layers to be presented. Chart Orientation When the chart overlay is presented, the orientation is identical to the currently selected orientation of the map itself (North up, track up or desired track up) with the ownship position correctly geo-referenced and presented on the chart. Note that rotation of the text on the charts themselves is not supported, meaning that text may not be oriented horizontally when displayed in track-up fashion. Chart Info Pressing the Info key when a chart is loaded will change the smart key labels to Header, Profile, Mins, and Info. Pressing the corresponding keys will allow the different parts of the chart to be presented along the bottom of the screen. Pressing the Info key will disable this mode and return the menu to the normal map controls. 190-00607-02 Rev C 83 Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart The ChartView Function will retain the last view set and will not change the chart, zoom level, or pan setting when the function is exited and re-entered, allowing it to operate similar to a physical chart manual. An exception to this is when a chart is loaded in the Custom or IFR Map functions. When this is done, the loaded chart is set as the currently selected chart in the ChartView function. ChartView Example: 1. Press FN and then CHART. 2. Depending on the Chart status last used: Selecting INFO for a Chart in the IFR Function a. Press MENU/ENT and then the Select Airport key; ChartView Function or The ChartView Function is accessed by pressing the FN Function key and selecting the ChartView (CHART) function. b. Highlight the desired airport with the arrow “smart” keys and then press the Select key. The ChartView Function incorporates five menu items that control two basic operations: • Selecting a chart (for static viewing) • Loading a chart (for map overlay) The term “Selecting a chart” is used to designate that a given chart is selected for static viewing on the screen. This is typically done by first specifying the airport, then the specific chart for that airport. The term “Loading a chart” is used to designate that a given chart is loaded for flight operations and can be used as an actual overlay on the maps. Loading a chart through the ChartView Function is identical to loading a chart from the Custom/IFR map as described in previous sections. Selecting the airport for a Chart in the ChartView Function 3. Highlight the desired chart with the arrow keys and then press the Load or View key. All charts within the database, geo-referenced or not, can be statically viewed from the ChartView Function. Only geo-referenced charts can be loaded for map overlay purposes. 84 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart Menu Items 1. Press FN and then CHART. 2. Press MENU/ENT and then the Menu Item key for the desired function. Selecting the airport for a Chart in the ChartView Function 4. View the chart. Adjust the zoom level using the In or Out keys. Press the Pan key and use the movement Menu Item keys on the right side of the display. Use the Info key to step through the different details of the chart. ChartView Function Menu Items Search ID The Search ID menu item within the ChartView Function allows you to search for a specific airport identifier. As this operation requires multiple keystrokes to look up a specific chart, it is not recommended as the primary mechanism for accessing the charts, but does allow for flexibility. When an airport is located, it will be set as the currently selected airport. Airport identifiers can be entered with or without the “K” prefix. Chart Loaded in the ChartView Function Searching for an Airport by Ident in Chart Function 190-00607-02 Rev C 85 Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart Select Airport View Loaded The Select Airport operation allows the airport of interest to be selected from a pop-up list. The airports presented in the list are determined based on the destination waypoint as the first entry, and a nearest type search for the remaining entries. This method allows the airport to be quickly located based on the current flight plan on the external GPS navigator. The Select Loaded operation allows the currently loaded chart to be selected for viewing. This is typically done if a given chart was loaded from the Custom/ IFR Map, and viewing it from the ChartView Function is desired. Note that loading a chart from the Custom/IFR Map will also load and select the chart for viewing. Selecting an Airport from a list in the Chart Function Load to Map The Load Current operation allows the current (viewed) approach chart to be set as the loaded approach chart. When this operation is performed, any previously loaded chart is replaced with the chart that is currently being viewed. Once the airport is located, the Select Chart menu is presented (see below), allowing a specific chart for that airport to be either loaded or simply viewed. Select Chart The Select Chart operation allows the list of charts for the currently selected airport to be listed in a pop-up list. Within this list, a circular earth symbol indicates that the chart is geo-referenced and therefore can be loaded for use as an overlay on the maps. If a red “X” is presented through the earth symbol, then that specific chart is not geo-referenced and can be viewed, but not loaded as a map overlay. Selecting a Chart from a list in the Chart Function 86 190-00607-02 Rev C Load the Current Chart for Viewing Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart Airport Surface Charts Viewing Surface Charts Airport surface charts provide a graphical presentation of the airport surface area (runways, taxiways, buildings, towers, and other objects), within the immediate airport vicinity. The airport surface charts are treated similarly to approach type charts in that they can be viewed through both the ChartView Function and on the Custom Map/IFR Map as an overlay. However, as there is only one unique surface chart for a given airport, it does not need to be manually loaded for display. The nearest available airport surface chart will always be used. When viewed from the ChartView Function, the airport surface chart shows up as the first available chart for the selected airport of interest. Thus, after selecting the airport of interest, the list of charts will have an “Airport” entry as the first item in the list. As with standard approach charts, when viewed from the ChartView Function, the aircraft’s ownship position is not shown on the airport surface chart. Selecting a Surface Chart From either the Custom Map or the IFR en route Map, airport surface charts will automatically be loaded and displayed as an overlay if the following conditions are met: • The airport surface chart is within the loaded database • The airport surface chart is geo-referenced • Airport Chart menu layer is turned on • The aircraft position is within the coverage of the chart • A loaded approach chart is not being “flown” In typical operation, the above conditions are met when the unit is turned on, meaning that the airport surface map is displayed as soon as GPS position is acquired. Note that the Initial Zoom Scale feature determines the initial zoom scale that is set when the aircraft is on the ground, which is important when working with surface charts. Viewing Surface Chart Detail If an approach chart is currently loaded and being displayed (aircraft is in the air), it will take priority over displaying the airport surface chart. Once the aircraft touches down and the speed drops below the air/ground transition speed, it is assumed that a missed approach procedure is not being flown. At this point, 190-00607-02 Rev C 87 Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart the approach chart is unloaded and the airport surface chart is displayed. While on the ground, airport surface charts will take priority over any loaded approach chart. Operational Considerations When to Load a Chart flown, and the aircraft ground speed drops below the air/ground transition speed (set in the SYS Function), it is assumed that a landing has been performed. At this point, the loaded approach chart is automatically unloaded and the airport surface chart will be presented on the screen showing runways, taxiways, etc. An approach chart can be loaded at any point during the flight, including on the ground before takeoff. Note that the approach will not be shown on the map itself until the aircraft’s speed is above the air/ground transition speed. The approach will be automatically unloaded when the aircraft’s speed goes below the air/ground transition speed. However, if approach chart is loaded and being flown and the aircraft crosses the missed approach point without slowing, it is assumed that a missed approach procedure is being performed. In this case, the automatic transition to surface maps does not occur and the approach is not automatically unloaded. See the Initial Zoom and Transition Speed selections in the System Function. Flying an Approach Chart NOTAMS It is important to recognize that the charts function is not intended to provide guidance information for flying an approach. It is meant to provide basic situational awareness for your current position relative to the approach as a whole. Standard IFR-approved instruments and charts MUST be used to actually provide the navigational information required under IFR conditions. Any applicable NOTAMS that apply for a given chart are shown under the INFO key when that chart is selected. The chart should be viewed for NOTAMS before use. Approach to Surface Map Transitions Logic is incorporated that will automatically transition the display from an in-flight approach chart display to a zoomed in view of the airport surface chart upon landing. The intent is to provide a hands-free transition from the approach phase of flight to the airport surface navigation phase without having to manually un-load the approach and adjust the zoom scale. The transition logic is based solely on aircraft ground speed. When an approach chart is loaded and being 88 Important System Limitations Note that while on the ground and viewing airport surface charts, the display can be oriented in the “Track Up” mode. In this mode, the last known GPS-based track as obtained from the external GPS navigation system is used to orient the map. GPS track is typically not accurate at low speeds and does not reflect the actual heading of the aircraft at all times. Invert Option As with the basic maps, the chart image can be inverted using the standard Invert key. Hot Spots Airport diagrams may show areas where extra vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion, visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation ChartView - Chart These areas are called “hot spots” and are identified by circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway and runway intersections should be approached with caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations (LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas where extra vigilance is recommended may also outlined. Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from database information and may therefore contain errors or may not be included in the database. Setting the last waypoint in the flight plan to the destination airport on the GPS navigation system and pressing Load Chart from the Custom/IFR Map will present the destination airport in the selection list. Selecting this airport will then bring up the approach charts that are available for that airport, which can then be loaded by pressing the Load key. Typical Landing Scenario With an approach chart being “flown,” upon touchdown and rollout, the chart will be unloaded and the map will automatically switch to the airport surface chart with the zoom level set to 0.5 NM. Typical Operational Scenario The following scenarios makes the assumption that: • The appropriate charts are available and geo-referenced • The default ground zoom level is set to 0.5 NM • The default air zoom level is set to “AUTO” • Airport Chart menu item is enabled Typical Taxi Scenario On power up and GPS position acquisition, the Custom Map Function will show the aircraft on the surface chart at a zoom level of 0.5 NM. The aircraft will be shown relative to taxiways and runways throughout the taxi procedure. Typical Take Off Scenario On take off roll, when the aircraft reaches the air/ ground transition speed, the display will automatically transition to the en route zoom mode of “AUTO” and adjust the display to show the active waypoint. Typical Approach Scenario 190-00607-02 Rev C 89 Detailed Operation Radar Radar (RADAR) Function The GMX 200 I/O Radar product supports an interface for the Garmin GWX 68, Allied Signal/ Bendix-King ART2000/2100, and RS 181A/RS 811A weather radars. The GWX 68, RS 181A/RS 811A, and ART2000 weather radars are seamlessly integrated with the other functionality of the GMX 200 with a “RADAR” function available from the main function menu. Note that auto-tilt is not supported for the ART2000/2100. The ART2100 must be configured to emulate the ART2000. As a result, only the ART2000 functions are available with the ART2100. The GMX 200 operates as both a display and control head, allowing direct replacement of older display systems. The modes and features supported by the GMX 200 for each of the radar heads are detailed in the following table. Review the Limitations section in the front of this guide for the limitations that apply to the radar data. Function GWX 68 ART2000 RS 181A/ RS 811A Ground Map Weather Horizontal Display Vertical Display Hold Mode Tilt Control Bearing Control Range Control Gain Control Bearing Cursor Tilt Cursor Stabilization Sector/Scan 90 l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l Function GWX 68 Target Alert Radar Alert l l ART2000 RS 181A/ RS 811A On initial power-up and entry to the Radar Function, the radar unit may go to the Off mode. Selections can be made to command the unit into one of the following initial modes: • STBY • ON • TEST • OFF Once activated, the different operating modes of the radar are selected by pushing the corresponding Menu Item keys. The Rotary Knob provides easy adjustment of Range, Tilt, Gain, and Bearing. Pressing the Rotary Knob toggles between the functions. Turning rotary knob adjusts the values. The active function will be highlighted and show arrows. Rotary knob Adjusting Tilt Values Descriptions of the different modes are as follows, with the currently selected mode being highlighted in green: Off Mode On GMX 200 power-up, the radar antenna is placed in the OFF mode. In this mode, the radar antenna head is not energized and is not transmitting. Standby/On Mode In the standby mode, the radar head is powered up, but is not transmitting. Placing the unit into standby mode initiates the warm-up sequence that 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar is required by the transmitter within the radar head assembly. Pressing the STBY/ON key while in Standby mode turns on the radar in the Weather Mode. While in the ON mode in both Map and Weather modes, the green RDR annunciator is on solid indicating that the radar is energized and transmitting. Test Mode Pressing the Test key while in the Standby mode places the radar in the Test mode. The radar then sends a test pattern that is displayed on the GMX 200. MAP Mode The Map (MAP) mode is used for obtaining returns from the ground. Map mode is available for the GWX 68, ART2000/2100, RS 811A, and RS 181A. In this mode, the return data is rendered in the following colors: GWX 68 ART2000/ART2100/RS 181A/RS 811A • Black • Black • Cyan • Cyan Weather Mode • Yellow • Green In the weather (WX) mode, the antenna is transmitting and painting reflected returns on the screen. This mode is intended for painting airborne weather and is the normal operating mode for the unit. Radar returns are painted in the following colors: • Black • Green • Yellow • Red • Magenta • Magenta • Yellow • Blue • Red Black is the weakest return while Magenta shows where the strongest returns were obtained. While in the weather mode (GWX 68 only), the gain can be adjusted with the Gain - and Gain + keys. • Magenta While in the Map mode, the gain can be adjusted with the Gain - and Gain + keys. Manual Gain (GWX 68 only) Activating the Gain - and Gain + keys will result in changing the blue Manual Gain bar displayed above the key labels. Adjusting the level to the reference line at the right of the bar scale will return the radar to Automatic Gain. 190-00607-02 Rev C 91 Detailed Operation Radar Horizontal Mode Range Control The Horizontal Mode (HORIZ) commands the radar head to scan in the horizontal plane at a pilot selectable tilt angle. In this mode, the current Tilt angle is shown on the lower half of the display. The range can be adjusted using the Rng “ and Rng ” keys. Values for the radar are shown in the table below. Unit Range (NM) GWX 68 ART2000 RS 181A/RS 811A 10 - 240 2.5 - 320 10 - 240 Tilt Control The Tilt (TILT) control is used to adjust the current tilt angle of the radar head when horizontal sweeping is being performed. While in the Horizontal mode, the tilt is adjusted using the Tilt “ and Tilt ” keys. Values for the radar are shown in the table below. Radar Horizontal View Vertical Mode (GWX 68 and ART2000/2100 only) The Vertical Mode (VERT) commands the radar head to scan in the vertical plane at a pilot selectable bearing off of the nose of the aircraft. In this mode, the current Bearing angle is shown on the lower half of the display. Radar Tilt Control Unit GWX 68 ART2000 RS 181A/RS 811A -15° - +15° Tilt (°) -15° - +15° -15° - +15° Bearing Control (GWX 68/ART2000/2100 only) The Bearing (BRG) control is used to adjust the current bearing angle of the radar head when vertical sweeping is being performed. While in the Vertical mode, the bearing is adjusted using the Brg ’ and Brg ‘ keys. Values shown in the table below are in degrees from straight ahead. Radar Vertical View 92 Radar Range and Bearing Control 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar Unit GWX 68 ART2000 RS 181A/RS 811A Bearing (°) 45L - 45R 45L - 45R NA Gain (dB) Gain Control Available in MAP mode with the GWX 68, ART2000, and RS 181A/RS 811A; and also in WX mode with the GWX 68. In the GWX 68, the gain settings are set separately for the Map and WX modes. The gain is used to adjust the sensitivity of the radar receiver. It can be used in map mode to adjust the characteristics of the returns from the surface. While in the Ground mode, the gain is adjusted using the Gain + and Gain - keys. Pressing a Gain adjustment key will show a Gain bar graph. The white reference line on the right side of the bar graph is only present in the GWX 68. Values are shown in decibels in the table below. Automatic Radar Gain Control (GWX 68) GWX 68 -28 - +3.5 (Weather and Map modes) ART2000/2100 RS 181A/ RS 811A -31.5 - 0 -31.5 - 0 (Map mode only) (Map mode only) Hold Control The Hold mode is used to freeze the display. While in the hold mode, the green RDR indicator flashes indicating that the display is not being updated, but the radar is continuing to transmit. Cursor Pre-Select Operation (GWX 68 and ART2000/2100 only) Cursor pre-select option can be used to pre-select a Bearing Line or Antenna Tilt angle prior to switching the vertical or horizontal scan mode of the display. The cursor is a cyan line extending along the Radar’s projected path and can be displayed in both the horizontal and vertical modes. For example, if horizontal scanning is occurring, a cursor line can be activated to pre-select a specific bearing to a weather cell of interest. Once selected, changing the scan mode to vertical will automatically set the bearing of the vertical sweeps to the bearing previously indicated by the cursor line. Manual Radar Gain Control (GWX 68) Manual Radar Gain Control (ART2000/2100 and RS 181A/RS 811A) 190-00607-02 Rev C 93 Detailed Operation Radar Radar Alert (GWX 68 only) The Radar Alert feature is only available in the GWX 68. A Radar Alert is issued when a Target Alert is active for two consecutive sweeps within 10° of the current heading. When the Radar Alert is active, a flag appears and is displayed for 60 seconds after the end of the last Target Alert. The flag will be displayed along the left side of the display, regardless of the active function. See Target Alert on the following page. Radar Setup Page Radar Setup Page Conversely, if vertical scanning is occurring, a cursor line can be activated to pre-select a specific tilt to a weather cell of interest. Once selected, changing the scan mode to horizontal will automatically set the tilt angle of the horizontal sweeps to the tilt angle previously indicated by the cursor line. The Bearing Cursor is activated any time the Tilt/Bearing control is changed from its default position. When in Horizontal scanning, setting the Bearing will cause the radar to scan at that bearing when it is switched to Vertical scanning. When in Vertical scanning, setting the Tilt will cause the radar to scan at that tilt when it is switched to Horizontal scanning. Sector Scan (GWX 68 only) Sector scanning is only available in the GWX 68. Pressing the SCTR/SCAN key toggles between Sector Scan (SCTR) and Normal Scan (SCAN). Selecting Sector Scan reduces the scan angle to ±10° in horizontal scanning and ±5° in vertical scanning. The Sector Scan can be moved horizontally by changing the Bearing and vertically by changing the Tilt. 94 Pressing the Menu key while in the Radar Function will display the Setup page. The currently selected mode is displayed at the top of the radar screen during normal operations. Stabilization (STAB) Pressing the Menu/ent and then the STAB key while in the Setup Function allows the stabilization to be turned on or off. When Stabilization is On, a command is sent to the radar head instructing it to use the supplied gyro commands to compensate the sweep patterns for pitch and roll of the aircraft. When stabilization is activated, the STAB label will be green. When Stabilization is turned off, the STAB label is white. Additional status information is also shown while the radar menu is active. Target Alert (GWX 68 only) The Target Alert feature is only available in the GWX 68. The Target Alert feature will indicate where a sufficiently high amount of total echo energy is located in the scan between the ranges of 80 and 320 NM regardless of the zoom scale. These echoes are shown with a segment drawn beyond the farthest displayed distance arc. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar Radar Page with Target Alert Active Target Alerting is enabled by pressing the MENU/ ENT key when the Radar is in TEST or ON modes. Press the MENU/ENT key and then the TRGT ALERT key to enable and disable Target Alerting. Radar Setup Page with Target Alert 190-00607-02 Rev C 95 Detailed Operation Radar Fault Message ELE 400 Hz GYRO HV AFC TEMP XMITTER CALIBRATE CONFIG EEPROM or RAM FPGA 96 Description Electrical fault with the radar hardware or the aircraft power bus. A previously available analog 400 Hz reference signal is no longer detected. Analog altitude information will not be available. No valid source of attitude information. Antenna stabilization will not be available. An irregularity with the onboard high voltage power supply. It may be hazardous to place the radar in transmit mode. The Automatic Frequency Control is unable to lock on to the transmit frequency. Radar performance will be impaired and indicated return intensity is not reliable. The temperature is too high to safely activate the radar transmitter. A problem is detected in the receiver or transmitter. The unit may be hazardous to use. A problem has been detected with the internal factory-calibration settings. The configuration settings are corrupted or missing. A problem has been detected with the internal memory. A problem has been detected with the internal FPGA device. Action Power off the radar. The radar needs service. An external sensor has failed and needs service. An external sensor has failed and needs service. Power off the radar. The radar needs service. Power off the radar. The radar needs service. Power off the radar. Do not use the radar until its temperature falls and the fault clears. Power off the radar. The radar needs service. Power off the radar. The radar needs service. Power off the radar. The radar needs service. Turn the power off and then back on. If the message persists the radar needs service. Turn the power off and then back on. If the message persists the radar needs service. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar Garmin GWX 68 Radar Description The Garmin GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar is a four color digital pulsed radar with 6.5 kilowatts of power. It combines excellent range and adjustable scanning profiles with a high-definition target display. The pulse width is four microseconds on all ranges except the 2.5 NM range. The GWX 68 uses a one microsecond pulse width at this range to reduce the smearing of targets on the display. This allows better target definition at close range. To focus radar scanning on specific areas, Sector Scanning offers pilot-adjustable horizontal scan angle of 10 degrees. A vertical scanning function helps to analyze storm tops, gradients and cell buildup activity at various altitudes. Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar The term RADAR is an acronym for RAdio Detecting and Ranging. Pulsed radar locates targets by transmitting a microwave pulse beam that, upon encountering a target, is then reflected back to the radar receiver as a return “echo.” The microwave pulses are focused and radiated by the antenna, with the most intense energy in the center of the beam and decreasing intensity near the edge. The same antenna is used for both transmitting and receiving. The returned signal is then processed and displayed on the GMX 200 MFD. Radar detection is a two-way process that requires 12.36 micro-seconds for the transmitted microwave pulses to travel out and back for each nautical mile of target range. It takes 123.6 micro-seconds for a transmitted pulse to make the round trip if a target is 10 nautical miles away. The GWX 68 weather radar should be used to avoid severe weather, not for penetrating severe weather. The decision to fly into an area of radar targets depends on target intensity, spacing between the targets, aircraft capabilities and pilot experience. Pulse type weather radar detects only precipitation, not clouds or turbulence. The display may indicate clear areas between intense returns, but this does not necessarily mean it is safe to fly between them. Only Doppler radar can detect turbulence. Airborne weather radar has other capabilities beyond weather detection. It also has the ability to detect and provide distance to objects on the ground, such as, cities, mountains, coastlines, rivers, lakes, and oceans. Radar Beam from 12 inch Antenna 190-00607-02 Rev C 97 Detailed Operation Radar NM Radar Beam in Relation to the Curvature of the Earth It is important to understand the concept of the antenna beam illumination. The radar beam is much like the beam of a spotlight. The farther the beam travels, the wider it gets. The radar is only capable of “seeing” what is inside the boundaries of the beam. The figure on the previous page depicts a radar beam’s characteristics. The figure illustrates vertical dimensions of the radar beam, although the same holds true for the horizontal dimensions. In other words, the beam will be as wide as it is tall. Note that it is possible not to see areas of precipitation on the radar display because of the antenna tilt setting. With the antenna tilt set to zero in this illustration, the beam overshoots the precipitation at 15 nautical miles. The curvature of the earth can also be a factor, especially at range settings of 150 nautical miles or more, as shown in the above figure. Radar Signal Attenuation The phenomena of weather attenuation needs to be kept in mind whenever operating the weather radar. When the radar signal is transmitted, it is progressively absorbed and scattered, making the signal weaker. This weakening, or attenuation, is caused by two primary sources, distance and precipitation. Attenuation because of distance is due to the fact 98 that the amount of radar energy at a distance from the antenna is inversely proportional to the square of the distance. The reflected radar energy from a target 40 miles away that fills the radar beam will be one fourth the energy reflected from an equivalent target 20 miles away. This would appear to the operator that the storm is gaining intensity as the aircraft gets closer. Internal circuitry within the GWX 68 system compensates for much of this distance attenuation. Attenuation due to precipitation is not as predictable as distance attenuation. It is also more intense. As the radar signal passes through moisture, a portion of the radar energy is reflected back to the antenna. However, much of the energy is absorbed. If precipitation is very heavy, or covers a large area, the signal may not reach completely through the area of precipitation. The weather radar system cannot distinguish between an attenuated signal and area of no precipitation. If the signal has been fully attenuated, the radar will display a “radar shadow”. This appears as an end to the precipitation when, in fact, the heavy rain may extend much further. A cell containing heavy precipitation may block another cell located behind the first, preventing it from being displayed on the radar. Never fly into these shadowed areas and never assume that all of the heavy precipitation is being displayed 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar Ground Returns unless another cell or a ground target can be seen beyond the heavy cell. Radar Signal Reflectivity Precipitation Precipitation or objects more dense than water, such as earth or solid structures, will be detected by the weather radar. The weather radar will not detect clouds, thunderstorms or turbulence directly. It detects precipitation associated with clouds, thunderstorms, and turbulence. The best radar signal reflectors are raindrops, wet snow or wet hail. The larger the raindrop the better it reflects. The size of the precipitation droplet is the most important factor in radar reflectivity. Because large drops in a small concentrated area are characteristic of a severe thunderstorm, the radar displays the storm as a strong return. Ice, dry snow, and dry hail have low reflective levels and often will not be displayed by the radar. A cloud that contains only small raindrops, such as fog or drizzle, will not reflect enough radar energy to produce a measurable target return. The intensity of ground target returns depends upon the angle at which the radar beam strikes the ground target (Angle of Incidence) and the reflective properties of that target. The gain can be adjusted so shorelines, rivers, lakes, and cities are well defined. Increasing gain too much causes the display to fill in between targets, thus obscuring some landmarks. Cities normally provide a strong return signal. While large buildings and structures provide good returns, small buildings can be shadowed from the radar beam by the taller buildings. As the aircraft approaches, and shorter ranges are selected, details become more noticeable as the highly reflective regular lines and edges of the city become more defined. Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans are not good reflectors, and normally do not provide good returns. The energy is reflected in a forward scatter angle with inadequate energy being returned. They can appear as dark areas on the display. However, rough or choppy water is a better reflector and will provide stronger returns from the downwind sides of the waves. Mountains also provide strong return signals to the antenna, but also block the areas behind. However, over mountainous terrain, the radar beam can be reflected back and forth in the mountain passes or off canyon walls using up all or most of the radar energy. In this case, no return signal is received from this area causing the display to show a dark spot which could indicate a pass where no pass exists. Precipitation Type and Reflectivity 190-00607-02 Rev C 99 Detailed Operation Radar Angle of Incidence Operating DISTANCE The angle at which the radar beam strikes the target is called the Angle of Incidence. Incident angle (“A”) is illustrated below. This directly affects the detectable range, the area of illumination, and the intensity of the displayed target returns. A large incident angle gives the radar system a smaller detectable range and lower display intensity due to minimized reflection of the radar energy. The following information establishes a minimum safe distance from the antenna for personnel near an operating airborne weather radar. The minimum safe distance is based upon the FCC’s exposure limit at 9.3 to 9.5 GHz for general population/uncontrolled environments which is 1 mW/cm2. See Advisory Circular 20-68B for more information on safe distance determination. A smaller incident angle gives the radar a larger detectable range of operation and the target display will show a higher intensity. Since more radar energy is reflected back to the antenna with a low incident angle, the resulting detectable range is increased for mountainous terrain. MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVEL (MPEL) The zone in which the radiation level exceeds the US Government standard of 1 mW/cm2, is the semicircular area of at least 10.83 ft from the 12” antenna as indicated in the illustration below. All personnel must remain outside of this zone. With a scanning or rotating beam, the averaged power density at the MPEL boundary is significantly reduced. Angle of Incidence 100 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar the antenna tilt 4 degrees can help separate ground returns from weather returns in relatively flat terrain. This will place the bottom of the radar beam level with the ground. Return the antenna tilt to the previous setting after a few sweeps. MPEL Boundary 10.83 ft for 12” ant Center Line of Aircraft Radome NOTE: At aircraft altitudes under 5,000 feet AGL, false returns are possible due to reflections from side-lobe beams. If the aircraft is above 29,000 feet, be cautious of any target return that gets to 30 nautical miles or closer. This is likely a thunderstorm that has a top high enough that the aircraft cannot fly over it safely. Antenna MPEL Boundary Antenna Tilt Setup at Cruise Altitude The following discussion is a simple method for setting up the weather radar antenna tilt for most situations. It is not to be considered an all encompassing setup that will work in all situations, but this method does provide good overall parameters for the monitoring of threats. With the aircraft flying level, adjust the antenna tilt so ground returns are displayed at a distance that equals the aircraft’s current altitude (AGL) divided by 1,000. For example, if the aircraft is at 14,000 feet, adjust the tilt so the front edge of ground returns are displayed at 14 nautical miles. Note this antenna tilt angle setting. Now, raise the antenna tilt 6 degrees above this setting. The bottom of the radar beam is now angled down 4 degrees from level. At this point, when flying at altitudes between 2,000 and 30,000 feet AGL, any displayed target return should scrutinized. If the displayed target advances on the screen to 5 nautical of the aircraft, avoid it. This may be either weather or ground returns that are 2,000 feet or less below the aircraft. Raising If the aircraft altitude is 15,000 feet or lower, set the displayed range to 60 miles. Closely monitor anything that enters the display. Also, after setting up the antenna tilt angle in this manner, ground returns can be monitored for possible threats. A ratio of approximately 100 to 1 exists between vertical distance from the aircraft and horizontal distance. Therefore, at this antenna tilt setting, a target return at 1 NM is approximately 400 feet below the aircraft; at 10 NM, 4,000 feet below; at 50 NM, 20,000 feet, etc. In other words, at this tilt setting, a ground return (such as a mountain peak) being displayed at 10 NM would have a maximum clearance of 4,000 feet. If that ground target return moves to 5 NM, maximum clearance will be 2,000 feet. This setup will provide a good starting point for practical use of the GWX 68 Weather Radar System. There are many other factors to consider in order to become proficient at using weather radar in all situations. 190-00607-02 Rev C 101 Detailed Operation Radar Weather Mapping and Interpretation Weather display Interpretation When evaluating various target returns on the weather radar display, the colors denote approximate rainfall intensity and rates as shown in the table below. Weather Mode Color Approximate Intensity Approximate Rainfall Rate Black < 23 dBZ < .01 in./hr. Green 23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ .01 - 0.1 in./hr. Yellow 32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ 0.1 - 0.5 in./hr. Red 41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ 0.5 - 2 in./hr. Magenta 50 dBZ and greater > 2 in./hr. Precipitation Intensity Levels Thunderstorms Updrafts and downdrafts in thunderstorms carry water through the cloud. The more severe the drafts, the greater the number and size of the precipitation droplets. With this in mind, the following interpretations can be made from what is displayed on the weather radar. Avoid these areas by an extra wide margin. Along squall lines, individual cells are in different stages of development. Areas between closely spaced, intense targets may contain developing clouds not having enough moisture to produce a return. However, these areas could have strong updrafts or downdrafts. Targets showing wide areas of green are generally precipitation without severe turbulence. In areas of multiple heavy cells, use the Vertical Scan feature along with antenna tilt management to examine the less benign areas before maneuvering around the cells. Remember, avoid shadowed areas. Turbulence can also be identified by irregularities in the target return. These can be identified as ‘hooks’, “fingers”, or a scalloped edge. These irregularities may be present in green areas, with no yellow, red, or magenta areas and should be treated as highly dangerous areas. Avoid these areas as if they were red or magenta areas. Thunderstorm development is rapid. A course may be blocked within a short time. When displaying shorter ranges, periodically select a longer range to see if problems are developing further out. That can help prevent getting trapped in a “blind alley”. • When the displayed target intensity is red or magenta (large amounts of precipitation) the turbulence is considered severe. • The steeper the color gradient (rate of change in the rainfall rate over distance) in a target, the stronger the turbulence. • Areas that show red or magenta are associated with hail or turbulence, as well as heavy precipitation. Vertical scanning and antenna tilt management is necessary to identify areas of maximum intensity. 102 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Radar Squall Line Steep Gradient Hook or Finger Scalloped Edge Cell Irregularities The “Blind Alley” 190-00607-02 Rev C 103 Detailed Operation Radar Tornadoes There is no conclusive radar target return characteristics which will identify a tornado, however, tornadoes may be present if the following characteristics are observed: • A narrow, finger-like portion, as shown on the previous page, extends and, in a short time, curls into a hook and closes on itself. • A “hook” which may be in the general shape of the numeral 6, especially if bright and projecting from the southwest quadrant (northeast quadrant in the southern hemisphere) of a major thunderstorm moving eastward. make poor radar targets. In the upper regions of the cell, where ice particles are “dry” (no liquid coating), target returns are less intense. Hail shafts are associated with the same radar target return characteristics as tornados. U-shaped cloud edges 3 to 7 miles across can also indicate hail. These target returns appear quite suddenly along any edge of the cell outline. They also change in intensity and shape in a matter of seconds, making vigilant monitoring essential. • V- shaped notches • Doughnut shapes. These shapes do not always indicate tornadoes, nor are tornado returns limited to these characteristics. Confirmed radar observations of tornadoes most often have not shown shapes different from those of a normal thunderstorm display. Hail Hail results from updrafts carrying water high enough to freeze. Therefore, the higher the top of a thunderstorm, the greater the probability that it contains hail. The height can be determined by vertically scanning the target return. Hail usually has a film of water on its surface making it’s reflective characteristics similar to a very large water droplet. Because of this water film, and because hail stones usually are larger than water droplets, thunderstorms with large amounts of wet hail return stronger signals than those with rain. Some hail shafts are extremely narrow (100 yards or less) and 104 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio XM Satellite Radio (XM) Function Audio entertainment is available through the XM Satellite Radio Service when activated in the optional installation of the GDL 69A. The GMX 200 serves as the display and control head for your remotely mounted GDL 69A. XM Satellite Radio allows you to enjoy a variety of radio programming over long distances without having to constantly search for new stations. Based on signal from satellites, coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions. When enabled, the XM Satellite Radio audio entertainment is accessible by using the XM function smart key. The information on the XM Satellite Radio display is composed of four areas: the Active channel, available Channels, Category of the highlighted channel, and the Volume setting. The Active Channel window shows the Channel Name and Number, artist, Song Title, Category, and provides an indication of signal strength. A bar graph next to the antenna symbol describes the signal strength. Maximum signal strength is shown by three full bars. The rotary knob, initially, will allow you to scroll through the song list. Pressing the rotary knob changes to Category Selection and pressing it again changes to Volume Control. Pressing the rotary knob again will return to song list scrolling. XM Radio with Active Channel 1. Press the FN key and then the XM function key when displayed. 2. The function smart keys at the bottom of the screen let you control the Category (Cat) or select the channel directly by entering the number (Direct). The keys on the right let you control Volume, muting, and Channel scrolling and selection. 3. The MENU/ENT key brings up menu items for more detail on each sub-function. 190-00607-02 Rev C 105 Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio Menu Page 1 Radio ID The first menu item page of the XM Radio function lets you select the options for viewing the Radio ID, saving a channel preset, going to the last channel, or selecting preset channels 1 and 2. The last option takes you to the next pages of options for preset channels 3 through 15. Each XM radio contains a unique ID that allows XM to communicate over the air with the radio. The owner must activate XM service by providing the Radio ID to XM to authorize the installed services for that radio. Activation information is included in a separate information package included with your unit. XM Radio Menu Page 1 XM Data and Audio Radio ID shown at top of screen 1. In the XM radio function, press the MENU/ENT key. 2. Press the Radio ID key. 3. Information about the XM weather data services that are authorized for use by the installed radio are shown. 106 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio Save Preset Last Channel The Save Preset menu item allows you to store the displayed channel into a selected preset position for easy later recall. The Last Channel menu item allows you to return to the last tuned channel. 1. In the XM radio function, press the MENU/ENT key. 2. Press the Last Channel key. 3. The last tuned channel in the XM Radio function will be selected. Menu Pages 2-4 The second, third, and fourth option pages list Presets 3 through 15. The last option of each page takes you to the next page of options. The last option on Menu page 4 of this function returns you to the Main Menu page. Saving XM Audio Radio Channel Presets 1. In the XM radio function, press the MENU/ENT key. 2. Press the Save Preset key. 3. Press the Ç or È arrow function smart keys to select the desired preset number. 4. Press the MENU/ENT key to save the channel into the selected preset number. XM Audio Radio Menu Items (Page 2) 190-00607-02 Rev C 107 Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio Volume Channels The Volume control allows you to set the audio volume level, as well as mute the audio. The Channel feature is used to navigate through the channels in the selected category. XM Audio Radio Channel Selection Controls XM Audio Radio Volume Controls 1. In the XM radio function, press the + or - keys to increase or decrease the audio volume. Mute 1. In the XM radio function, press the Mute key to mute or un-mute the audio. 1. 2. Press the Sel key to select the highlighted channel for listening. Note that the volume is muted when the GDL 69A is turned on. 108 In the XM radio function, press the double Ù or Ú keys to up or down through the available channels. 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio Categories Direct Access Categories of channels, such as Jazz, Rock, or News, can be selected to list the available channels for a type of music or other contents. Channels can be accessed directly by entering the channel number using the smart keys. Direct Access of XM Audio Radio Channels XM Audio Radio Categories 1. In the XM radio function, press the Cat function smart key on the bottom of the display to return to the Category currently playing. 2. Press the double arrow function keys to move through the available categories. 3. Press the Sel menu item key to select the highlighted category. 4. You can now use the Channel function to select a channel from the category list selected. 1. In XM mode, press the Direct function smart key. The number values will be shown above the function and to the left of the menu item smart keys. 2. Press the function and menu item keys for the three digit channel number. A leading “0” must be entered for channel numbers below “100.” 3. Press MENU/ENT. 190-00607-02 Rev C 109 Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio Activating XM Satellite Radio Services Contact XM Satellite Radio Before audio entertainment can be used, the unit must be activated by XM Satellite Radio and services are subscribed to XM Satellite Radio. Please note that the GDL 69 is a weather data link. The GDL 69A is a weather data link and audio entertainment receiver. 1. Press the FN key and then the XM function key when displayed. 2. Press MENU/ENT to display the Radio ID menu item. 3. Press the Radio key to display the Radio IDs, Service Class, and Weather Products. 4. Follow the XM Satellite Radio Activation procedure and press Accept at the appropriate time. Weather and/or audio data from your GDL 69/69A are provided by XM Satellite Radio, a company separate and independent from Garmin Corporation. Have your radio hardware IDs ready before contacting XM Satellite Radio. During the process, you can select services for subscription. Keep in mind that the GDL 69 has no audio capability, audio services will not be available with the unit. Follow the GDL 69/69A XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04) enclosed with your GDL 69/69A unit to activate the XM products. Gather Information Your GDL 69 or GDL 69A is shipped with one or two radio hardware identifications, respectively. These IDs serve as identification codes for your XMequipped GDL 69/69A and are needed in the activation process. The ID(s) is attached to this instruction sheet and printed on a label on the back of the unit. The IDs can also be retrieved through the GMX 200 in the Radio ID page of the XM Satellite Radio function. Contact your dealer or customer service if you are unable to locate the radio hardware IDs. 110 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation XM Satellite Radio XM Advisory Messages Message Check Antenna Updating Condition Antenna not connected Updating encryption code No Signal Loading Loss of signal Acquiring channel audio or information Off Air --- or Channel ----- --- or Channel --- Channel not in service Description The XM antenna(s) or antenna cable are disconnected from the radio. The encryption code has been changed over the air by XM and the radio has not received the newest code information yet from the XM signal. The radio is not able to receive a strong enough XM signal to decode it. Either the corresponding audio or text is temporarily unavailable for a given channel selected because the radio still has to receive and decode this information. A valid XM channel number (and its corresponding service ID) is not broadcasting any programming. Channel no longer available Corresponding Artist Name/ Feature or Song/Program Title are empty No channel available for the chosen category 190-00607-02 Rev C 111 Detailed Operation System System (SYS) Function The System function allows you to set general Nav preferences, obtain version information, and perform tests on the operation of your GMX 200. Press the FN key and then press the SYS key to reach the System functions. System Nav Pages Press the Nav function key, if necessary, to display the Nav System functions. Set Baro Correction Units (Pressure Altitude Source only) Baro-Correction (QNH) can now be entered in Millibars in addition to in. Hg. Set Baro Correction (Pressure Altitude Source only) You may enter the corrected barometric pressure so that the proper pressure altitude will be displayed. 1. Press the Menu Item key for Set Baro Correction. 2. The Function “smart” keys at the bottom of the display will have direction arrows above them. Press the Up/Down arrow keys to change the value of the highlighted number. Press the Left/Right arrow keys to move to another number. 3. Press MENU/ENT to save the changed values and leave the Set Baro Correction option. Display Latitude/Longitude Lines Use this option to choose to display or not display Lat/Lon lines on the map displays. System Nav Setup Menu Items (Page 1) Ownship Symbol The Ownship Symbol option allows you to choose the type of icon that will represent your aircraft on the display. You can make selections of Single, Twin, Jet, or Helicopter . Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. Lat/Lon Format The Lat/Lon format option allows you to select between two choices for the display of Lat/Lon coordinates. Choose between degrees-minutes-secondsseconds decimals (DD MM SS.SS) or degrees-minutesminutes decimals (DD MM.MM). 112 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation System Initial En Route Zoom Scale, Initial Ground Zoom Scale, and Transition Speed The En Route and Ground zoom scales and the transition point are adjusted under the SYS Function. “Transition Speed” – 10-100 kts “Initial En Route Zoom Scale” – Auto, 0.25 – 300 NM “Initial Ground Zoom Scale” – 0.25 – 20 NM System Nav Setup Menu Items (Page 2) A zoom scale auto-transition point is supported that helps to reduce the pilot workload by automating the selection of the zoom scale based on the phase of flight. The two transitions are: • Ground-to-Air mode (Takeoff) • Air-to-Ground mode (Landing) When the aircraft transitions from Ground-to-Air, the zoom scale is automatically set to a user selected “en route” zoom scale. When the aircraft transitions from Air-to-Ground, the zoom scale is automatically set to a user selected “Ground” zoom scale. The transition point is based on a user selected Transition Speed and is based on GPS ground speed. The Auto-Transition feature allows for optimal close-in viewing while on the ground and optimal long range viewing while in flight, without the user having to make manual zoom scale adjustments while in the takeoff and landing phases of flight. The Zoom scale is shown in the lower left corner of the display. The recommended settings for the initial zoom scales are Auto for the en route mode and 0.5 NM for the ground mode. 1. Press FN until you see the SYS function key. 2. Press the SYS function key. 3. With the “NAV” selection highlighted press MENU/ENT. 4. Press the Next Page key. 5. Press the Menu Item keys as needed to select the settings. Slave Zoom to GPS Zoom This is only available when installed with a GPS navigator that supports the MapMX communication protocol (e.g., GNS 480 series). The communication protocol is selected during the installation configuration. Refer to the checklist for your installation to determine if the MapMX communication protocol has been selected. When enabled and the GMX 200 is in Auto Zoom mode, the GMX 200 will automatically set the zoom scale to that used on the GPS navigator. This feature must be disabled when the GPS navigator does not support the MapMX communication protocol. 190-00607-02 Rev C 113 Detailed Operation System AutoLoad Electronic Charts System Info Pages This is only available when installed with a GPS navigator that supports the MapMX communication protocol (e.g., GNS 480 series). This feature must be disabled when the GMX 200 is connected to a GPS navigator that does not support the MapMX communication protocol. It allows the GPS navigator to instruct the GMX 200 to load a selected approach chart. Press the Info function key, if necessary, to display the System Info pages. These pages show System Information, Port Status, Data Link Status, Additional Features, and Hardware status for your GMX 200 system. This information will be useful should you need to contact customer service. Press the key to the right of the menu label to reach the desired Info page. Press the Next Page key to display the next page of menu items. System Information Altitude Units Press the Altitude Units key to set the display of altitude in either feet or meters. Altitude units cannot be set to meters if a traffic source is installed. The System Information window shows the System ID and the Software and Hardware versions, as well as the installed Databases and their expiration dates or version. System Info - System Page System Nav Setup Menu Items (Page 3) Map Detail Press the Map Detail key to toggle the choices for decluttering the map displays. In areas where there is a great number of information available, these selections will help you control the amount of displayed information at various zoom levels. 114 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation System Feature Information The Feature Info page shows the installed Additional Features and if they are unlocked for use. that the information is valid. When a GDL 90 UAT is connected, the NIC and NACP are displayed. Data Link Status When the GMX 200 is connected to a GDL 90 UAT, the status of the link is displayed. Data-link information is monitored as follows: Name HB ADS-B FIS TX FIS WX System Info - Feature Page Description Heart-Beat from the UAT data-link radio ADS-B broadcast packets received Textual weather data packets received Graphical weather data packets received Hardware Information System Test Pages The Hardware Info page shows the Port and Data Link Status. The System Test Page allows you to test the display of the GMX 200 to ensure proper operation. Press the menu item key next to the desired test to perform the test. Press the MENU/ENT key to return to the menu. System Info - Hardware Page Port Status The Port Status window lists the status of each port including the connected device, if data is present, and 190-00607-02 Rev C System Test Page 1 Menu Items 115 Detailed Operation System Test Pattern 1 Test Pattern 2 The Test Pattern option displays a number of patterns and colors to test the GMX 200 display. Use this option to verify proper operation of the display or when contacting Customer Service. Test Pattern 2 shows the gamut of colors available on the GMX 200 display. System Test Pattern 2 System Test Pattern 1 Red, Green, Blue, White, and Black Test Patterns Choosing the Red, Green, Blue, White, or Black options floods the screen with the selected color. Use this option to verify proper operation of the display or when contacting Garmin Customer Service. System Test Page 2 Menu Items 116 190-00607-02 Rev C Detailed Operation Troubleshooting Troubleshooting This section contains information to troubleshoot the GMX 200 when improper operation is observed. The following table lists possible problems you could encounter. Examine the possible causes of the problem and take the action listed to correct the problem. If you cannot correct the problem, contact your dealer. If your dealer is unavailable, contact the Garmin factory at the address and phone number listed in the preceding section. Be sure to have the information from the System Info page and the data card available before you contact your dealer or the factory. Problem Unit does not power on or blank screen Improper brightness setting Low temperature Action Check for proper wiring and connections. Check the fuse/ circuit breaker Check the display brightness setting Allow the GMX 200 to heat up for approx. 60 seconds Unit fails during start up test Data card Data card Make sure the data card is fully inserted Make sure the data card is fully inserted POS data flag shows System failure Antenna or wiring Contact your dealer or the factory Check the antenna and wiring of your GPS navigator Position source wpt Ensure that a waypoint is selected as the current destination and a Nav flag is not shown Position source serial data Ensure that the serial data output is configured properly Interference Have dealer/installer check for any interference sources Installation setup Serial altitude source Have dealer/installer check for proper GMX 200 setup Ensure the serial altitude encoder is powered up and working properly Have dealer/installer check for proper installation and setup of the encoder If altitude data is provided by an Apollo GX product, ensure that the GPS position has been acquired and a waypoint is selected as the current destination ALT (Altitude) flag Possible Cause Wiring problem 190-00607-02 Rev C 117 Appendix Troubleshooting Problem RTE (Route) flag Possible Cause Position source route LT (Lightning) flag WX500 installation TER (Terrain) flag No traffic display Altitude source ADS-B system installation “Special Terrain” message TCAD flag TAS flag RDR (Amber) flag LINK flag XPDR flag ADSB flag GMX 200 configuration TCAD Installation TAS Installation Radar Installation FIS Sensor Installation TIS-A Sensor Installation GDL 90 is reporting that its internal GPS is not reporting a position or is reporting an invalid position. Note that ADS-B broadcasts do not include position reports when this flag is present. This is not a problem. This flag appears when the GDL 90 is in the Ident mode. This is not a problem. This flag appears when a persistent Target Alert is active. Target and Radar Alerts are available only in the GWX 68. IDENT (green) flag Radar Alert flag Action Ensure that the external position source has an active route engaged. Have dealer/installer check for proper installation of the WX500. Have dealer/installer check for proper altitude input You must have the ADS-B system installed and configured. If you do have an ADS-B system, check the antennas and other components for proper operation. Have dealer/installer check for proper GMX 200 setup. Must be set to normal. Ensure that the TCAD unit is installed and functional. Ensure that the TAS unit is installed and functional. Ensure that the Radar unit is installed and functional. Ensure that the FIS unit is installed and functional. Ensure that the TIS-A unit is installed and functional. Ensure the GDL 90 is installed and functional. Ensure the GDL 90 GPS antenna has a clear view of the sky to receive GPS signals. None required. None required. See the Installation Manual for additional troubleshooting procedures. 118 190-00607-02 Rev C Appendix GDL 69/69A FIS Screens GDL 69/69A FIS Legends The following legends describe the graphical information on the GDL 69/69A FIS displays. AIRMET/SIGMET Legend NEXRAD Legend Cloud Tops Legend City Forecast Legend METAR Legend Echo Tops Legend County Warnings Legend Freezing Levels Legend Winds Aloft Legend 190-00607-02 Rev C 119 Appendix GDL 69/69A FIS Screens Sample GDL 69/69A FIS Displays The following displays provide examples of information shown in the GDL 69/69A FIS function. 120 XM FIS METARs XM FIS with NEXRAD Weather and Legend XM FIS Echo Tops XM FIS Radar Coverage XM FIS City Forecast XM FIS Winds Aloft 190-00607-02 Rev C Appendix Specifications Specifications Physical Specifications Size: 6.27” W x 5.04” H x 8.0” D (15.9 x 12.7 x 20.3 cm) Weight: 4.30 lbs (1.95 kg) standard unit only 4.60 lbs (2.1 kg) I/O unit only 0.73 lbs (0.33 kg) mounting tube Display: 6.5 in. diagonal (16.5 cm) 65,535-color display with backlighting (640 x 480 pixels) Power 14 VDC GMX 200: 2.24 A Max GMX 200 I/O: 2.45 A Max 28 VDC GMX 200: 1.16 A Max GMX 200 I/O: 1.32 A Max Environmental Temp. Range: Humidity: Altitude: -4°F to 131°F (-20°C to 55°C) operating range 95% at 55°C 55,000 feet (continuous) 190-00607-02 Rev C 121 Appendix Care Information Care Information Cleaning the Unit Your GMX 200 has a durable display with specialized coatings. Reasonable care must be taken to maintain its performance and life. To remove stains, smudges, fingerprints, and so forth, we recommend these cleaning methods. If the first method fails to remove the problem, try the next method. • Wipe with a clean, dry, non-abrasive fabric (for example, cotton or handi-wipes). Do NOT use paper products, such as paper towels or facial tissues. • Blow on the area to condense moisture on the display and then wipe the area with the clean fabric. • Moisten a clean fabric with a small amount of water and wipe the display area. • Apply a small amount of glass cleaner (without ammonia) to the fabric and wipe the area. • Apply a small amount of isopropyl alcohol and wipe the area (this is your last resort). Contacting the Factory If efforts to resolve the problem fail, contact your dealer or the factory for technical assistance. The Garmin customer service staff will gladly assist you. Garmin International, Inc. Customer Service Department 1200 East 151st Street Olathe, KS 66062-3426 USA (913) 397-8200 FAX (913) 397-8282 To resolve problems that cannot be remedied using this guide, contact Garmin Product Support in the U.S.A. at 800/800.1020 or Garmin Europe at 44/1794.519944 122 190-00607-02 Rev C Appendix Glossary Glossary Accuracy— Estimated position accuracy in feet or meters. Advisories and Alerts — all alerting on the GMX 200 is advisory in nature only. Any alerting must be accompanied by visual acquisition of the traffic or terrain and no aircraft maneuvering is allowed based upon data presented by the GMX 200. Altitude—Height above mean sea level (MSL). Back Course — Localizer backcourse approach where the signal on the “back” side of the localizer is used for alignment to the runway opposite of normal localizer alignment. Without compensation the CDI would reverse sense. Bearing —The direction from your current location to a destination. Coasting — With regard to TIS, coasting indicates that a radar sweep was missed and displayed data is not the latest. Course —The direction from your starting location to a destination. FliteChart — The feature provides the capability to view Garmin electronic charts. Depending on the charts available in the database, the following chart types may be viewed: Approach charts, airport surface charts, SIDS, STARS, Airspace Charts alternate minimums, and take-off minimums. Geo-Referenced — a proper relationship is established between displayed information and real-world coordinates. For instance, the ChartView charts are geo-referenced because they are correctly oriented on the map display in relationship to actual coordinates. Ownship — Your aircraft. A variety of symbols are available to represent your aircraft on the display. SafeTaxi — The Garmin SafeTaxi airport diagrams help pilots navigate unfamiliar airports with confidence. Over 650 U.S. airport diagrams come pre-loaded on the unit. The charts identify runways, taxiways, and hangars, as well as the aircraft’s location on the field. Speed —Display rate of travel in miles/kilometers/ nautical miles per hour. Time —The time for the selected time zone. Decluttering— Reduction in displayed elements on the moving map at higher zoom scales. Track — The direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also referred to as “ground track.” Distance (Destination)— The “great circle” distance from current location to a Go To destination, or the final waypoint in a route. Waypoint (Destination) — The final waypoint in the route, or the destination waypoint. Waypoint (Next) — The next waypoint in the route. Distance (Next) — The “great circle” distance from current location to a Go To destination, or the next waypoint in a route. Elevation — The altitude (height) above or below sea level. 190-00607-02 Rev C 123 Appendix Abbreviations Abbreviations The following is a list of abbreviations and acronyms used on the GMX 200 and their meanings: ABV — Above ADS-B — Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast ALT — Altitude ARTCC — Air Route Traffic Control Center ARWY — Airway ATC — Air Traffic Control BARO — Barometric Pressure BRG — Bearing To BLW — Below °C — Degrees Celsius CCW — Counter-Clockwise CDI — Course Deviation Indicator CHART — ChartView Crnt — Current CW — Clockwise dB — Decibel dBZ — Decibel of Reflectivity DIS, DIST — Distance DTK — 124 Desired Track ENR — En Route ETP — Echo Tops EULA — End User License Agreement °F — Degrees Fahrenheit FID — Flight Identification FIS — Flight Information System FISDL — Flight Information System Data Link FN — Function FP, FPL — Flight Plan ft — Feet GBT — Ground Based Transceiver GM — Greenwich Mean Time GND — Ground GPS — Global Positioning System GS — Ground Speed hg — Inches of Mercury ICAO — International Civil Aviation Organization ID, IDENT — Identifier IFR — Instrument Flight Rules ILS — Instrument Landing System INFO — Information 190-00607-02 Rev C Appendix Abbreviations kg — Kilograms NEXRAD — Next Generation RADAR kHz — Kilohertz NM — km — Kilometers NOTAM — Notice to Airmen kph — Kilometers Per Hour NRM — Normal kt — Knots OBS — Omnibearing Selector LAT/LON — Latitude/Longitude OS — Off Scale lb — Pounds OVRL — Overlay LINK — Data Link LT — Lightning POS — Position °M — Degrees Magnetic RD, RDR — RADAR m— Meters RTE — Route mb — Millibars (of Pressure) SCTR — Sector METAR — Meteorological Aviation Report MHz — Megahertz mi — Statute Miles MOA — Military Operations Area MON — Monitor mph — Statute Miles Per Hour MSG — Message MSL — Mean Sea Level NAV — Navigation NAVAID — Navigational Aid NDB — Non-Directional Radio Beacon SIDS — Nautical Miles Standard Instrument Departures SIGMET — Significant Meteorological Information STAB — Stabilization STARS — Standard Terminal Arrival Route STBY — Standby SYS — System TAF — TAS — 190-00607-02 Rev C Terminal Aerodrome Forecast Traffic Advisory System 125 Appendix Abbreviations TAWS — Terrain Awareness and Warning System TCAD — Traffic/Collision Avoidance Device TCAS — Traffic Alert/Collision Avoidance System TER — Terrain TFR — Temporary Flight Rules TIS-A — Traffic Information Services - Addressed TIS-B — Traffic Information Service - Broadcast TRAF — Traffic TRANS — Transmit TRK — Track (also Ground Track) UAT — Universal Access Transceiver UNR — Unrestricted VFR — Visual Flight Rules VOL — Volume VOR — 126 VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range WB — Warning Boxes WX — Weather XPDR — Transponder 190-00607-02 Rev C Appendix License and Registration License and Registration Information Serial Number Use this area to record the serial number in case it is lost, stolen, or needs service. Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or attach a photocopy inside the manual. The serial number is located on the back of the unit. Serial Number: NOTE: If you have previously registered a Garmin product purchase, we invite you to re-register using our NEW on-line system. Many services provided by our new product registration system are now being automated and re-registering your purchase ensures you the best possible support from Garmin. Contacting the Factory If the GMX 200 unit fails to operate despite troubleshooting efforts, contact Garmin Technical Support for assistance. GARMIN International, Inc. 1200 East 151st Street Olathe, KS 66062-3426 USA Software License Agreement BY USING THE GMX 200, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this device (the “Software”) in binary executable form in the normal operation of the product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual property rights in and to the Software remain with Garmin. You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected under the United States of America copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the Software in source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer or reduce to human readable form the Software or any part thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the United States of America. Product Registration and Support Phone: (913) 397-8200 FAX: (913) 397-8282 http://www.garmin.com Be prepared to offer the following information about the installation: • Installation configuration (list of any accessories) • Model number, part number with mod levels, and serial number • Software Versions • Description of problem • Efforts made to isolate the problem Help us better support you by completing your online registration today! Have the serial number of your GMX 200 handy and connect to the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com). Look for the Product Registration link on the home page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the space provided to the left. If you have any questions, Garmin’s Product Support department may be reached Monday through Friday, 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, by phone at 1-800-800-1020, or by e-mail at [email protected] 190-00607-02 Rev C 127 Appendix Warranty Limited Warranty This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for 24 months from the date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs. THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. To obtain warranty service, call your local Garmin authorized dealer. Or, call Garmin Customer Service at one of the numbers listed to the left for shipping instructions and an RMA tracking number. The unit should be securely packed with the tracking number clearly written on the outside of the package. The unit should be sent, freight charges prepaid, to any Garmin warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other special offers from Garmin. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction. IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you. Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY. 128 190-00607-02 Rev C Index Index B Symbols 400 Hz 96 A Abbreviations 124 Absolute 25 Accessories iv Activate XM Radio 110 Activation 71 ADS-B v, 1, 6, 9, 11, 26, 37, 42, 118, 124 Advisory flags 6 Advisory Hot Key 10 AFC 96 Aircraft symbol 112 AIRMET 62, 63, 65, 119 Airport chart 76, 123 Airports 17, 19, 48, 58, 79, 81, 86 Airport chart 25, 29, 80, 83, 87, 114 Airport surface diagram 81 Airspace 20, 22, 81 Airways 23, 29 Alert Hot Key 10, 34, 35, 46 ALT 7, 117, 124 Altitude v, 34, 36, 41, 43, 44, 46, 50, 56, 59, 60, 69, 96, 112, 114, 117, 118, 124 Altitude filter 36 Annunciations 6 Antenna 46, 56, 75, 90, 91, 93, 96, 117, 118 Antenna tilt 93 Approach 2, 22, 36, 80, 81, 83, 86, 88 Localizer 21, 123 Scenario 89 Approach Chart 2, 19, 30, 80, 82, 86, 89 Arc 10, 18, 28, 32, 44 ART2000/2100 2, 90, 91, 92, 93 AutoLoad 114 Automatic gain 91 AutoZoom 16 Backlight 121 Back course 22, 123 Barometer 18, 28, 32, 51 Barometric Correction 51 Barometric correction 9, 51, 112 Barometric Pressure 9, 124 Baro keys 51 Basic operation 8, 76, 84 Bearing 12, 18, 21, 28, 32, 35, 48, 90, 92, 93, 94, 123 Bearing cursor 90, 94 Bearing line 93 Boundaries 22, 24 Brightness 3, 4, 46, 117 Broadcast FID 42 Broadcast VFR 42 C Calibrate 96 Care Information 122 Categories 68 Cell 7, 73, 74, 93 Cell Movement 57, 58, 63 Chart 9 Chart View 19, 25, 29, 80, 83, 84 Airport surface 87 Approach chart 82 AutoLoad 114 Chart overlay 81 Considerations 88 Data source 81 Geo-referencing 81 Menu items 78, 85 Overlay 83 Check antenna 111 City 63, 65 Cleaning 122 Clear 54 Cloud Tops 57, 59, 63 Coasting 46, 123 Config 96 Confirm current baro 8, 9, 51 190-00607-02 Rev C 129 Index Contacting the factory iii, 117, 122, 127 Contact customer service 5, 8, 72, 110, 122, 127 Contact XM radio 110 Controls 4 County 66 County warnings 62, 63, 66, 119 Course 18, 22, 27, 31, 44, 51, 57, 61, 67, 73, 123 Coverage 58 Current Weather 57 Cursor Pre-Select 93 Custom Map iv, 2, 3, 9, 16, 29, 34, 41, 46, 81, 82, 83, 87, 89 Cyclone 63, 66 D Data-link 115 Database version 8 Data card 5, 76, 81, 117 Data Fields 123 Data flags 6 Demo 74 Desired track up 18, 28, 32 Diagnostics 70 Direct Access 109 Display 3, 44, 83 Graphic 44 Lat/Lon lines 112 Text 44 E Echo Tops 57, 60, 63, 120, 124 EEPROM 96 ELE 96 Enter key 5 En Route Zoom 89, 113 EULA ii F Fault message 96 FID 42, 124 Filter 36, 43 FIS 37, 53, 54, 63, 115 130 XM Radio 55 Flight ID 44, 124 Flight plan 7, 18, 28, 32, 44, 48, 51, 61, 67, 73 FliteChart 9 Forecast 63 Forecast Time 65 FPGA 96 Freezing Levels 62, 63, 66, 119 Functions 1 Function key 9 Function keys 4 Function list 1 G Gain Control 93 GBT 37, 39, 53, 124 GDL 69/69A 55, 63, 70, 105, 108, 110, 120 GDL 90 1, 2, 7, 41, 53, 115, 118 Geo-Referencing 19, 25, 81, 83, 123 Getting started 1 Glossary of Terms 123 GNS 480 16, 19, 30, 80, 83, 113 GPS 115 Graphical Weather 53 Ground/Flight Mode 36 Ground Zoom 113 GTX 330 45 GWX 68 90, 91, 92, 93 Gyro 96 H HB 115 High airways 23, 29 Hold 93 Horizontal Mode 92 Hot key 10 Hot spots 20, 27, 31, 62, 67, 89 Hurricanes 56, 66 HV 96 I ICAO address 42 190-00607-02 Rev C Index Icing 65 Ident 7, 54, 85, 118, 124 IFR 27, 65, 80, 81, 82, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89 IHAS 1, 34 ILS 7, 21, 22, 124 Info 17, 83, 114 Initial Zoom level 16, 113 Intersection 22 Invert 28, 32, 88 L Label 29, 32, 45, 61, 66 Landing scenario 89 Last Channel 106, 107 Lat/Lon format 112 Lat/Lon lines 112 Legend 61, 67, 119 License agreement ii, 124, 127 Lightning 1, 2, 6, 9, 26, 58, 73, 118, 125 Limitations v, 56, 88 Limited Warranty 128 Line selection key 5 Link 7, 118 Loaded 86 Loading 111 Load Chart 19, 30, 82 Localizer 21, 22 Low airways 23, 29 LT 1, 2, 7, 9, 73, 118, 125 M Magnetic north 18 Manual gain 91 Map 16, 91 Info 17, 26, 48 Orientation 10, 16, 18, 28, 32, 33, 44, 51, 57, 62, 67 Pan 17 Scale 16 Maritime 66 Menu Item 5 Menu key 5 Messages 3, 15, 54, 68, 69, 111 METARs 17, 54, 57, 58, 120 Mode S 39 Mountains 56 Mute 36, 108 N Nav 7, 22 Nav/Com 21 Nav Data 18, 19, 28, 32, 48 NDB 20, 22, 125 NexRad 56, 57, 60, 63, 120, 125 No-bearing 35 Noise monitor 75 North up 18, 28, 32 NOTAM 88 No signal 111 O OBS 7, 21, 125 Obstructions v, 11, 26, 50 Off 4, 90 Off air 111 Off scale 35, 47, 125 Options Menu 1, 5, 8, 10 Ordering information i Overlay 16, 19, 25, 29, 30, 57, 62, 67 Ownship symbol 38, 46, 81, 83, 87, 112 P Packing list iv Pan 16, 17, 27, 31, 55, 78, 79, 83, 85 Pop-Up 10, 34, 35, 36, 46, 52, 79, 86 POS 7, 117, 125 Power 4, 8, 51, 56, 70, 71, 89, 90, 96, 117, 121 Present Position 21, 54, 69 Preset 106, 107 Pressure altitude 36, 38, 44, 112 Product Status 70 Product Support 127 Product Times 63, 70 Profile 2, 33, 81, 83 Prompt 10, 35, 46 Proximate traffic 47 190-00607-02 Rev C 131 Index R Radar 7, 9, 38, 39, 46, 53, 56, 60, 63, 90, 118 Radar Alert 94, 118 Radar Coverage 58, 63 Radar range control 92 Radar setup page 94 Radar test 91 Radio ID 71, 106, 110 Rain 53, 56 RAM 96 Range ring 44, 118 RDR 7, 91, 93, 118, 125 Receiver performance 70 Reflectivity 56, 124 Registration iv, 127 Relative altitude 34, 36, 38, 44, 46 Roads 23 Route 7, 18, 28, 32, 44, 48, 51, 73, 118, 123, 124, 125 RS-181A 2, 90, 91, 92, 93 RS-811A 90 RTE 7, 118, 125 Runway 17, 22, 25, 29, 48, 87, 88, 89, 123 Extensions 22 S SafeTaxi 9, 17, 20, 25, 27, 29, 31, 62, 67, 123 Save Preset 107 Search 78, 79, 82, 85, 86 Search ID 78 Search and rescue 38 Search ID 85 Select Airport 77, 79, 84, 86 Select Chart 79, 86 Select Loaded Chart 86 Self-Test 4, 8, 35, 74 Serial Number 127 Services ii, 2, 12, 37, 38, 39, 43, 45, 61, 65, 71, 106, 110, 126 Service class 71, 110 Service vehicle 41 Set baro 51, 112 Shield 36 132 SIDS 81, 125 SIGMET 62, 63, 65, 119, 125 SL30 7, 21 Slave Zoom 16, 113 Software License Agreement ii, 127 Software Version 2, 70, 71, 127 Sorting 54 Special terrain 118 Specifications 121 Split Screen 1, 2, 9, 33 Stabilization 73, 74, 90, 94, 96, 125 Standby 35, 42, 47, 90, 125 STARS 81, 125 Start Up 8, 16, 117 Status 6, 7, 35, 47, 55, 70, 74, 94 Stormscope 2, 7, 73, 74 Strike 1, 2, 7, 24, 26, 58, 74 Strike test 75 Subscription 55, 70 Support 127 Surface Analysis 55, 63, 64 Surface Chart 2, 25, 29, 76, 80, 81, 83, 87, 88, 123 Surface targets 41 Surface winds 65 Symbology 11, 34, 41, 45, 47 System 74, 88, 112, 114, 115, 117 T TAF 54, 125 Take off scenario 89 Target v, 2, 12, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46 Alert 94 Color 41 Degraded 41 Surface 41 TAS 1, 11, 34 TAS Data Fail 35 TAS Fail 35 TAS Self-Test 35 TAS Time-Out 35 TAWS 1, 7, 11, 18, 33, 50, 52, 126 Taxi scenario 89 TCAD 1, 6, 34, 36, 118, 126 190-00607-02 Rev C Index TCAS 11, 34, 45, 126 Technical Support 127 Temp 96 TER 1, 7, 9, 10, 50, 52, 118, 126 Terrain v, 1, 2, 6, 9, 11, 18, 25, 50, 51, 118, 126 Test 2, 8, 54, 74, 75, 91, 112, 115, 117 Test pattern 116 Text 2, 3, 9, 15, 16, 35, 36, 44, 54, 55, 56, 68, 69, 83, 111 TFR 55, 56, 69, 126 TFR Label 61 Thumbnail 11, 26, 34, 46 Thumbnail activation 11 Thunderstorm 56, 66 Tilt Control 90, 92 Time 26, 35, 39, 43, 54, 58, 63, 65, 70, 123, 124, 127 TIS 6, 11, 12, 39, 41, 45 TIS-A 1, 12, 45, 118, 126 TIS-B v, 12, 37, 39, 40, 126 Tornados 56, 66 Towers 22, 25, 26, 29, 50, 87 Track up 17, 18, 28, 32, 44, 48, 51, 80, 83, 88 Track up 360 10, 18, 28, 32, 51 Track up arc 18, 28, 32, 51 TRAF 1, 6, 7, 9, 34, 37, 41, 45, 46, 123, 126 Traffic 1, 2, 6, 7, 9, 11, 26, 34, 35, 37, 45, 46 Status 35 Traffic advisory 6, 10, 34, 46, 125 Traffic Alert 6, 10, 11, 34, 35, 46, 126 Traffic Map Orientation 44 Traffic not displayed 35 Traffic off scale 35, 47 Transition speed 11, 88, 113 Transmit Altitude 42 Transmit status 42 Transponder v, 12, 39, 41, 46, 126 Troubleshooting 117 Turbulence 65 Typical operational scenario 89 U UAT 1, 2, 6, 7, 12, 17, 37, 39, 41, 53, 126 Updating 111 V Vertical Filtering 35, 36 Vertical Mode 35, 92, 93 Vertical profile 2, 33 Vertical Range 36, 43 VFR 1, 2, 9, 17, 21, 31, 65, 126 View 1, 11, 33, 34, 37, 46, 54, 69, 124 Voice alert 36 Volume 36, 105, 108, 126 VOR 7, 21, 126 W Warranty ii, 128 Waters 23 Weather v, 90, 91, 110, 115, 119, 120 Key 17 Radar 9 XM Radio 55, 106 Winds Aloft 57, 60, 63, 119, 120 WX500 2, 6, 26, 73, 74, 118 X Xmitter 96 XM Radio 2, 105, 106, 108 Activating 70, 71, 72, 110 Advisory Messages 111 Audio 105 Categories 109 Channels 108 FIS 55 Radio ID 106 Volume 108 Weather 55 XPDR 118, 126 Z Zoom 11, 16, 18, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 41, 51, 55, 76, 78, 79, 80, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 113 Zoom level 10, 16, 26, 55 Zulu time 63 190-00607-02 Rev C 133 Index This page intentionally left blank. 134 190-00607-02 Rev C © 2006-2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries Garmin International, Inc. 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A. Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southhampton, SO40 9RB, U.K. Garmin Corporation No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan www.garmin.com Part Number 190-00607-02 Rev C