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Summary of Content
Owner’s Manual GXM 30A © Copyright 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries Garmin International, Inc. 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A. Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020 Fax 913/397.8282 Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K. Tel. 44/0870.8501241 Fax 44/0870.8501251 Garmin Corporation No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan Tel. 886/2.2642.9199 Fax 886/2.2642.9099 All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin. com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products. Garmin®, is registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission of Garmin. XM WX and XM are trademarks of XM Satellite Radio Inc. August 2006 Part Number 190-00713-00 Rev. B Printed in Taiwan Introduction > Warnings Warning Failure to avoid the following potentially hazardous situations could result in an accident or collision resulting in death or serious injury. When installing the GXM 30A in a vehicle, place the unit securely so that it does not interfere with vehicle operating controls or obstruct the driver’s view of the road (see diagram). When navigating in an aircraft, use the GXM 30A only as an aid for VFR navigation. Use weather data only as an aid to situational awareness. Do not mount where driver’s field of vision is blocked. Do not place unsecured on the vehicle dash. Do not mount in front of an airbag field of deployment. This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This Notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our Web site at http://www.garmin.com/prop65. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  Introduction > Caution Caution Failure to avoid the following potentially hazardous situations may result in injury or property damage. Use the GXM 30A only as a navigational aid. Do not attempt to use the GXM 30A for any purpose requiring precise measurement of direction, distance, location, or topography. This product should not be used to determine ground proximity for aircraft navigation. NOTICE TO DRIVERS IN CALIFORNIA AND MINNESOTA: State law prohibits drivers in California and Minnesota from using suction mounts on their windshields while operating motor vehicles. Other Garmin dashboard or friction mounting options should be used. Garmin does not take any responsibility for any fines, penalties, or damages that may be incurred as a result of disregarding this notice. (See California Vehicle Code Section 26708(a); Minnesota Statutes 2005, Section 169.71.) ii GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Introduction > Preface Introduction Preface Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced weather systems available! The GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna provides graphical and textual marine, aviation, and automotive XM WX weather information that can be viewed on your Garmin unit. Operation of the GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna requires a subscription to the XM WX Satellite Weather service. Additionally, the GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna offers music, news, and talk programming capability with a subscription to the XM Radio service. Hardware and XM subscriptions are sold separately. This manual covers the XM WX Weather and XM Radio features of the GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna when viewed on a Garmin unit. To get the most out of your new system, take the time to go through this manual and the unit’s Owner’s Manual. Operational procedures are found in the unit’s Owner’s Manual. This manual discusses how to connect the GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna, how to subscribe to XM WX Weather and XM Radio services, and provides detailed information about weather and audio features. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Terminology Used Throughout This Manual • This manual refers to the GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna as the GXM 30A. • All Garmin products that are compatible with the GXM 30A are referred to as “Garmin unit” throughout this manual. • This manual uses the term Warning to indicate a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury. • This manual uses the term Caution to indicate a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in minor injury or property damage. It may also be used without the symbol to alert you to avoid unsafe practices. iii Introduction > Product Registration Product Registration Help us better support your equipment purchase by completing our online registration today! Have the serial number of your GXM 30A ready, connect to our Web site (www.garmin.com) and click the Product Registration link on the Home page. Record your serial number below for a quick reference. Serial Number for GXM 30A Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located on the bottom of your unit) in case it is lost, stolen, or needs service. Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or attach a photocopy inside the manual. Serial Number: XM WX Weather and XM Radio ID Use this area to record the radio ID numbers (8-digit number located on the Information sub tab of your unit.) If your unit is lost or stolen, XM Satellite Radio can deactivate this radio code when you call. XM Radio ID Number www.XMWXweather.com XM WX Satellite Weather Listener Care Center 800-985-9200 GXM30A 011-00423-00 XM Radio ID XM RADIO ID: B99U70CU www.garmin.com 18200000 Made in Taiwan iv Serial Number GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Table of Contents Introduction.................................................................iii Preface.................................................................................. iii Getting Started.............................................................1 Unit Overview........................................................................ 1 Connecting the GXM 30A to a Garmin Unit........................ 2 Subscribing to XM WX Weather and Radio........................ 3 XM WX Weather Features...........................................5 Displaying Weather Information.......................................... 5 NEXRAD Radar...................................................................... 6 Satellite Mosaic..................................................................... 7 Lightning................................................................................ 8 Storm Cells............................................................................ 9 Hurricanes........................................................................... 10 Surface Winds......................................................................11 Winds Aloft.......................................................................... 12 Surface Pressure................................................................. 13 Fronts................................................................................... 14 Visibility............................................................................... 15 County Warnings................................................................ 16 Water Temperature.............................................................. 17 Wave Period......................................................................... 17 Wave Direction.................................................................... 18 Wave Height......................................................................... 18 Introduction > Table of Contents Marine Warnings................................................................. 19 Buoy Reports....................................................................... 20 METAR.................................................................................. 21 AIRMET................................................................................ 22 SIGMET................................................................................ 23 TFR....................................................................................... 24 Echo Tops............................................................................ 25 Freezing Level..................................................................... 26 Forecast............................................................................... 26 TAF....................................................................................... 27 XM Radio.............................................................................. 27 Appendix....................................................................28 GXM 30A Specifications..................................................... 28 Feature Broadcast Rates.................................................... 29 NEXRAD Overview.............................................................. 30 FCC Compliance................................................................. 32 Limited Warranty................................................................. 33 Software License Agreement............................................. 35 XM Satellite Radio Service Agreement............................. 35 Weather Data Warranty....................................................... 36 TFR Data.............................................................................. 37 Index...........................................................................38 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  Getting Started > Unit Overview Unit Overview Getting Started UNIT CARE GXM 30A Radio Smart Antenna USB Connector Cleaning - The unit’s case is constructed of high quality material and does not require user maintenance other than cleaning. Clean the unit housing using a lightlydampened cloth with a mild detergent solution and then wipe dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and solvents that may damage plastic components. Do not apply cleaner to the electrical contacts on the front of the unit. Storage - Do not store the GXM 30A where exposure to temperature extremes may occur, as permanent damage may result. Mounting Holes SERVICING YOUR UNIT The Garmin GXM 30A has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever encounter a problem with your unit, take it to an authorized Garmin dealer for repairs. The GXM 30A is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt to open the case to change or modify the unit in any way voids your warranty and may result in permanent damage to the equipment.  GXM 30 XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Getting Started > Connecting the GXM 30A to a Garmin unit Connecting the GXM 30A to a Garmin Unit Position the GXM 30A where is has a clear view of the sky. This can be on the outside of the vehicle or behind the windscreen of the vehicle. Connect the GXM 30A to the USB port on the Garmin unit. GXM 30 XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  Getting Started > Subscribing to XM WX Weather and Radio Subscribing to XM WX Weather and Radio With the GXM 30A connected, contact XM Satellite Radio to activate your XM WX weather and audio subscription service. Follow the instructions below. Complete Steps 1-3 BEFORE calling XM Satellite Radio: Step 1: Check the System Setup Make certain the GXM 30A is connected to the Garmin unit. Step 2: Turn on your System Place the GXM 30A where is has a clear view of the sky and turn on the Garmin unit. This automatically turns on the GXM 30A. Select the Audio sub tab (it is next to the Information sub tab). Verify that XM Preview appears in the Radio Tuning box. Step 4: Set up the XM Account Contact XM by phone at 800-985-9200. After providing the required information, the XM representative activates the account and sends out an XM signal to activate the GXM 30A. For answers to other XM questions you can call the above number or visit www.XMWXweather.com. Step 3: Identify Radio ID On the Garmin unit, press MENU twice to show the Main Menu. A list of tabs appear down the left-hand side of the Main Menu. Using the ROCKER key, highlight the XM tab and select the Information sub tab. Write down the Radio ID number. Have the ID number, your billing address and other billing information ready when you contact XM.  GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Getting Started > Subscribing to XM Service Step 5: Confirm all Components of your Service Package XM WX Weather: Keep your Garmin unit turned on to ensure you receive the XM signal. The XM signal is being received when the components of the selected service package are displayed in the Weather Products list on the Information sub tab. Do not turn off the Garmin unit until the name of the selected service package is displayed in the Service Level field (see Step 6). Step 6: Save the Service Package After the service package name appears in the Service Level field, turn off the Garmin unit. Step 7: Add Features to your Unit When you turn on the GXM 30A after completing Step 6, you are ready to add weather features to the unit’s Map Page and set your new favorite channels. XM Information XM Radio: Highlight the Audio sub tab and verify that channels 7, 9, 47, and 122 are being received. This indicates that all channels on XM’s basic radio service are being received. If within an hour the XM WX Weather and/or the XM Radio service has not activated, call XM WX customer care at 800-985-9200 to validate the activation of XM services. The customer care representative can refresh the activation signal or you can do this yourself at www.xmradio.com/refresh by entering your radio ID where requested. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  XM Weather Features > Displaying Weather Information XM WX Weather Features Displaying Weather Information The GXM 30A receives XM WX Weather data and shows it on the Garmin unit’s Map Page and other screens throughout the unit. The weather data for each feature comes from reputable weather data centers such as the National Weather Service and the Hydrometerological Prediction Center. (See the XM WX Satellite Weather Web site at http://weather.xmradio.com /weather for more information.) Any weather feature can change in appearance or interpretation if the source that provides the information changes. XM WX Weather data is broadcast at set rates (See page 29 for all weather-related broadcast rates). For example, NEXRAD Radar data is broadcast at five minute intervals. When the Garmin unit is turned on or when a new feature is selected, the GXM 30A has to receive new data before it can be shown. You can experience a delay before weather data or a new feature appears on the map. To display weather features on the Garmin unit’s Map Page: Displaying Weather To display weather features on the map, press the MENU key, highlight Show Weather, and press ENTER. 1. Press the MENU key. 2. Highlight Show Weather, and press ENTER.  GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > NEXRAD Radar NEXRAD Radar NEXRAD or NEXt Generation Weather RADar displays precipitation from very light rain and snow up to strong thunderstorms in varying shades and colors. In the lower left corner of the screen is a Time Stamp. The Time Stamp displays the elapsed time since the National Weather Service provided the displayed information. To display a legend showing the colors for Rain, Mix, and Snow, press MENU, highlight Weather Legend, and press ENTER. NEXRAD can be displayed independently or with a variety of other weather information. For information on NEXRAD Limitations, Abnormalities, and Intensity, see pages 30-31. NEXRAD NEXRAD Legend GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  XM Weather Features > Satellite Mosaic Satellite Mosaic Satellite Mosaic displays infrared composite images of cloud cover taken by geostationary weather satellites. The Satellite Mosaic provides up to seven levels of cloud cover. Satellite Mosaic Cloud Tops Legend  GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Lightning Lightning Lightning strikes are represented by lightning bolt icons, as shown in the images below. Lightning appears on the map if strikes were detected within the last seven minutes. The ground-based lightning detection network only detects cloud-to-ground lightning. Lightning bolts indicate a cloud-to-ground lightning strike. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual  XM Weather Features > Storm Cells Storm Cells The Storm Cells feature displays storms as well as the storm’s projected path in the immediate future. Marine and Automotive units also show the size of the storm cell. The direction of the red cone indicates the projected path of the storm cell. The red bars that appear in the cone indicate where the storm will be in the future. Each bar represents 15 minutes. Aviation units show the direction of the storm with an arrow. The tip of the arrow indicates where the storm should be in 15 minutes. Critical information about the storm cell can be viewed by selecting the storm cell with the map pointer. Automotive and Marine  Aviation GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Hurricanes Hurricanes The Hurricanes feature shows the current position of a hurricane, tropical storm, or tropical depression, as well as its projected path (indicated by a red line). The darkened squares that appear along the red line display the projected locations received from the National Hurricane Center. The Center provides four forecasts at 12-hour intervals as well as a fifth forecast at a 24-hour interval. Hurricanes Hurricane Track GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 10 XM Weather Features > Surface Winds Surface Winds Marine and Automotive units shows Surface Winds with a wind barb. The wind barb is a circle with a tail. The circle points into the wind. Wind speed is indicated by the different combination of flags that are attached to the tail. Wind Direction Surface Winds Calm 5 knots 10 knots 15 knots 20 knots 50 knots 11 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Winds Aloft Winds Aloft Aviation units display winds aloft using wind barbs or a wind streamline depending on the zoom range of the map. Similar to Marine and Automotive units, the wind barbs indicate wind speed and direction. The wind streamline indicates wind direction with arrows. Wind Barbs Wind Streamline GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 12 XM Weather Features > Surface Pressure Surface Pressure This feature displays pressure isobars and pressure centers. The isobars connect points of equal pressure. Pressure readings can help determine weather and wind conditions in an area. High pressure areas are generally associated with fair weather. Low pressure areas are generally associated with clouds and the chance of precipitation. Isobars that are packed closely together show a strong pressure gradient. Strong pressure gradients are associated with areas of stronger winds. Pressure units can be displayed in Millibars (mb), Inches of Mercury (in), and Hectopascals (hPa). Pressure Isobars Strong Pressure Gradient 13 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Fronts Fronts The Fronts feature displays lines indicating the leading edge of an air mass. This feature also displays pressure centers. Pressure centers are represented by a large Red “L” for low pressure centers or a large Blue “H” for high pressure centers. Pressure centers represent an area where pressure is measured to be either the highest or lowest relative to the surrounding area. Indicates a Low Pressure Center. A Low Pressure Center is an area where the measured pressure is lowest relative to the surrounding area. Moving away from a Low Pressure Center in any horizontal direction results in increased pressure. Winds flow counterclockwise around Low Pressure Centers in North America. Cold Front Warm Front Stationary Front Occluded Front Trough Indicates a High Pressure Center. Similar to a Low Pressure Center, a High Pressure Center is an area where the measured pressure is highest relative to the surrounding area. Moving away from a High Pressure Center in any horizontal direction results in decreased pressure. Winds flow clockwise around Low Pressure Centers in North America. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 14 XM Weather Features > Visibility Visibility Visibility is the forecast maximum horizontal distance that can be seen at the surface. Contour lines on the Visibility feature show the forecasted change in surface visibility. In the example below, visibility ranges from 1 mile to 4.5 miles. Visibility Contour Lines 15 This image displays NEXRAD Radar, Satellite Mosaic, and Visibility. Displaying multiple features may help to provide a clearer picture of the weather conditions in the area. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > County Warnings County Warnings When the National Weather Service issues a weather warning for a county, the county is highlighted with the color corresponding to the warning. To view information about the warning, select the county with the map pointer. For more detail, press ENTER. Severe Thunderstorm Warning Tornado Warning Severe Thunderstorm Warning Flood Warning Flash Flood Warning GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 16 XM Weather Features > Water Temperature and Wave Period Water Temperature The Water Temperature feature displays the water’s surface temperature. The temperature breaks are indicated by isotherm lines. Water Temperature 17 Wave Period The Wave Period feature provides the time (in seconds) between successive waves. Wave Period GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Wave Direction and Wave Height Wave Direction The Wave Direction feature shows the direction in which a wave is moving, as indicated by the direction of the red arrow. Wave Direction Wave Height The Wave Height feature displays wave heights. The wave heights for an area are separated by contour lines. Wave Height GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 18 XM Weather Features > Marine Warnings Marine Warnings When a Marine Warning is issued, the area for the warning is highlighted in red. To view information about the warning, select the warning area with the map pointer. To view more detailed information, press ENTER. Marine Warnings 19 Marine Warning Detailed Information GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Buoy Reports Buoy Reports Report readings are taken from buoys and coastal observation stations. These readings are used to determine Air Temperature, Dewpoint, Water Temperature, Tide, Wave Height and Period, Wind Direction and Speed, Visibility, and Barometric Pressure. Buoy Selected with map pointer Buoy report detail GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 20 XM Weather Features > METAR METAR Meteorological Aeronautical Reports (METARs) are an international code used for reporting weather observations. If METAR data is available for an airport, a color coded flag is shown next to the airport. To view the METAR data, select the flag with the map pointer. To view more detailed information, press ENTER. VFR (ceiling greater than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater than 5 miles) Marginal VFR (ceiling 1000-3000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3-5 miles) IFR (ceiling 500 to below 1000 feet AGL and/or visibility 1 mile to less than 3 miles) Low IFR (ceiling below 500 feet AGL or visibility less than 1 mile) 21 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > AIRMET AIRMET An AIRMET (AIRman’s METeorological Information) can potentially affect all aircraft. This data can be especially helpful for pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for 6 hour periods and are amended as necessary due to changing weather conditions or issuance/cancellation of a SIGMET. AIRMETs are displayed as a colored dashed line. To view AIRMET data, select the AIRMET using the map pointer. To view detailed information, press ENTER. • AIRMET Sierra (IFR) (purple): Ceilings less than 1,000 feet and/or visibility less than 3 miles affecting over 50% of the area at one time. Extensive mountain obscuration. • AIRMET Tango (Turbulence) (orange): Moderate turbulence. Sustained surface winds of 30 knots or more at the surface. • AIRMET Zulu (Icing) (blue): Moderate icing. Freezing levels. AIRMET selected with map pointer AIRMET detailed information GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 22 XM Weather Features > SIGMET SIGMET A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorlogical Forecast) advises of weather that is potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, items covered are: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms, and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles. SIGMET selected with map pointer A Convective SIGMET is issued for: thunderstorms, isolated severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes. A SIGMET is widespread. A SIGMET must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow dashed line. To view SIGMET data, select the SIGMET using the map pointer. To view detailed information, press ENTER. 23 SIGMET detailed information GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > TFR TFR Temporary Flight Restrictions or TFRs temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for occurrences such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots and forest fires. TFRs are represented as an area highlighted by Red (active) or Yellow (not yet active). To view information about the TFR, select it with the map pointer. To view more detailed information, press ENTER. TFR selected with map pointer TFR detailed information GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 24 XM Weather Features > Echo Tops Echo Tops Echo Tops are derived from NEXRAD radar and indicate the highest altitude at which precipitation is falling. Echo Tops at or above the altitude you select are displayed, in 5,000 foot increments up to 70,000 ft. Echo Tops can be helpful in determining the severity of thunderstorms. (higher = more intense) Echo Tops for all altitudes Echo Tops at 15,000 feet Echo Tops at 20,000 feet 25 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual XM Weather Features > Freezing Level and Forecast Freezing Level Shows contours for the lowest forecast altitude where icing conditions are likely to occur. Forecast Forecast displays Fronts, High and Low Pressure Centers, and City Conditions. The forecast can be viewed in 12- hour increments for the next 48 hours. Forecast map Freezing Level Contours Forecast Legend Sunny Thunderstorms Windy Partly Cloudy Rain Haze Mostly Cloudy Freezing Rain Foggy Cloudy Snow Very Cold Very Hot GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 26 XM Weather Features > TAF and XM Radio TAF Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts are issued by the National Weather Service for pilots. They include 24-hour forecasts on wind, visibility, expected weather conditions, and wind shear. XM Radio The XM Audio feature requires a subscription to XM Radio. Channels can be scanned by category and saved to a Favorites list. The XM audio output can be turned on and off. Terminal Aerodrome Forecast Category Channel list Current song 27 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Appendix > Specifications Appendix GXM 30A Specifications Physical Specifications Size: 83 mm diameter x 27.5 mm height Weight: 225 g (7.9 oz) Temp. Range: -40F to +185F (-40C to +85C) Case: Fully sealed high-impact plastic with die-cast zinc base Waterproof: -1 meter submersion for 30 minutes IEC 60529 IPX7 Mount Thread Size: M3 x 0.5 Cable: Braided shield, 5 conductor 28 AWG, Right Angle Male Mini-B connector Power Source: 4.5-5.5 Vdc Usage: 2.5 watts max Performance Dynamics: 999 knots, 6g GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 28 Appendix > Feature Broadcast Rates Feature Broadcast Rates Data Broadcast Frequency Feature Data Broadcast Frequency NEXRAD Radar 5 mins Buoy Reports 12 mins Satellite Mosaic 15 mins City Forecast 12 mins Storm Cells 1.25 mins County Warnings 5 mins Lightning 5 mins Marine Warnings 20 mins Feature 29 Surface Winds 12 mins METAR 12 mins Surface Pressure 12 mins AIRMET 12 mins Hurricane Track 12 mins SIGMET 12 mins Visibility Forecast 12 mins Echo Tops 7.5 mins Fronts 12 mins Winds Aloft 12 mins Water Temperature 12 mins TFR 12 mins Wave Height 12 mins TAF 12 mins Wave Period 12 mins Freezing Level 12 mins Wave Direction 12 mins GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Appendix > NEXRAD Overview NEXRAD Overview NEXRAD Description NEXRAD Radar is a Doppler radar system that has greatly improved the detection of meteorological events such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes. An extensive network of NEXRAD stations provides almost complete radar coverage of the continental United States, Alaska, and Hawaii. The range of each NEXRAD is 124 nautical miles. NEXRAD Abnormalities There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but not all, of those include: NEXRAD Limitations Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are listed for the user’s awareness: • NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). • NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and has no information about storms directly over the site. • Ground clutter • Strobes and spurious radar data • Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun • Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar scans • Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual 30 Appendix > NEXRAD Overview NEXRAD Intensity Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity) measured in dBZ. (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors represented by the dBZ values listed in the table to the right. The information presented in this manual is not meant to be comprehensive. The NOAA web site contains complete and detailed information regarding NEXRAD weather radar operation and theory. You can visit them at www.noaa.gov. 31 Display Rain Display Snow Remarks dBZ Rain (inches/hour) Snow (inches/hour) <-10 .00” .00” -10 .00” .00” -5 .00” trace 0 .00” trace - .05” 5 .00” trace - .10” 10 0” - trace .01” Light Light 15 .01” .1 - .2” Light Light 20 .02” .2 - .3” Light Light 25 .05” .3 - .5” Light Light - Moderate 30 .09” .5 - .7” Light - Moderate Moderate 35 .24” .7 - 1.0” Moderate Heavy 40 .48” 1” + or sleet Heavy Heavy 45 1.25” 1” + or sleet Heavy Heavy 50 2.5” sleet Intense 55 5.7” sleet Extreme 55+ 12.7” Rain Snow Very Light Light Extreme GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Appendix > FCC Compliance FCC Compliance The GXM 30A complies with Part 15 of the FCC interference limits for Class B digital devices FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE. These limits are designed to provide more reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation, and are more stringent than “outdoor” requirements. Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and may cause harmful interference to radio communications if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures: • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. • Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver. • Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. The GXM 30A does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could result in permanent damage to the equipment, and void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15 regulations. 32 Appendix > Limited Warranty Limited Warranty This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will at its sole option repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs. THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. 33 IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you. Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY. To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin authorized dealer or call Garmin Product Support for shipping instructions and an RMA tracking number. The unit should be securely packed with the tracking number clearly written on the outside of the package. The unit should then be sent, freight charges prepaid, to any Garmin warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Appendix > Limited Warranty Garmin International, Inc. 1200 E 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062 U.S.A. Tel. 913/397.8200 Fax. 913/397.8282 Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL U.K. Tel. 44/0870.8501241 Fax 44/0870.8501251 Online Auction Purchases: Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other special offers from Garmin. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual International Purchases: A separate warranty is provided by international distributors for units purchased outside the United States. This warranty is provided by the local in-country distributor and this distributor provides local service for your unit. Distributor warranties are only valid in the area of intended distribution. Units purchased in the United States or Canada must be returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, or Taiwan for service. The Garmin GXM 30A has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever encounter a problem with your unit, please take it to an authorized Garmin dealer for repairs. The GXM 30A is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt to open the case to change or modify the unit in any way will void your warranty and may result in permanent damage to the equipment. 34 Appendix > Software License Agreement and XM Satellite Radio Service Agreement Software License Agreement BY USING THE GXM 30A, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this device (the “Software”) in binary executable form in the normal operation of the product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual property rights in and to the Software remain in Garmin. You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected under the United States of America copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the Software in source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce to human readable form the Software or any part thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the United States of America. 35 XM Satellite Radio Service Agreement XM Satellite Radio Inc. Hardware and required monthly subscription sold separately. Subscription fee is consumer only. Other fees and taxes, including a one-time activation fee may apply. All programming fees and weather data subject to change. XM WX weather data displays and individual product availability vary by hardware equipment. Reception of the XM signal may vary depending on location. Subscriptions subject to Customer Agreement included with the XM Welcome Kit and available at xmradio.com. Available only in the 48 contiguous United States. XM WX is a trademark of XM Satellite Radio Inc. GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Appendix > Weather Data Warranty Weather Data Warranty THE SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS PROVIDED “AS IS.” ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. USER SAFETY If you use XM Services it is your responsibility to exercise prudent discretion and observe all safety measures required by law and your own common sense. You assume the entire risk related to your use of the Services. XM and Garmin assume no responsibility for accidents resulting from or associated with use of the Services. Your Radio Service includes traffic and weather information, and you acknowledge that such information is not for “safety for life”, but is merely supplemental and advisory in nature, and therefore cannot be relied upon as safety-critical in connection with any aircraft, sea craft or automobile usage. This information is provided “as is” and XM and Garmin disclaim any and all warranties, express and implied, with respect thereto or the transmission or reception thereof. XM and Garmin further do not warrant the accuracy, reliability, completeness or timeliness of the traffic and weather information disclosed on the Radio Service. In no event will XM and Garmin, their data suppliers, service providers, marketing/distribution, software or Internet partners or hardware manufacturers be liable to you or to any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, exemplary or GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual punitive damages or lost profits resulting from use of or interruptions in the transmission or reception of the Services. LIMITS ON OUR RESPONSIBILITY a) DISCLAIMERS. EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, WE MAKE NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, REGARDING THE RADIO SERVICE. YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE CONTENT AND FUNCTIONALITY OF THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. ALL SUCH WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT) ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED. 36 Appendix > Weather Data Warranty and TFR Data b) LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY. WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES RELATING TO THE USE OF THE RADIO SERVICE, WHETHER BASED ON NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE. OUR TOTAL LIABILITY TO YOU AND ANY OTHER PERSONS RECEIVING OUR SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE CAUSE, WILL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNTS THAT YOU HAVE PAID TO US FOR THE SERVICE THAT YOU RECEIVED DURING THE SIX (6) MONTH PERIOD IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO THE SPECIFIC EVENT THAT GAVE RISE TO THE APPLICABLE DAMAGE OR LOSS. THIS ALLOCATION OF RISK IS REFLECTED IN OUR PRICES. YOU MAY HAVE GREATER RIGHTS THAN DESCRIBED ABOVE UNDER YOUR STATE’S LAWS a. Under 10 U.S.C. 456, no civil action may be brought against the United States on the basis of the content of a navigational aid prepared or disseminated by either the former Defense Mapping Agency (DMA), National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), or the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). or otherwise in law or from a course of dealing or usage in trade, is made by NGA as to the accuracy and functioning of the product. c. Neither NGA nor its personnel will be liable for any claims, losses, or damages arising from or connected with the use of this product. The user agrees to hold harmless the United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. The user’s sole and exclusive remedy is to stop using the DAFIF product. This product was developed using DAFIF™, a product of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. TFR Data Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) data is provided by the FAA and may not be updated outside of normal business hours. Confirm data currency though alternate sources and contact your local FSS for interpretation of TFR data. This product has not been endorsed or otherwise approved by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, or the United States Department of Defense (10 U.S.C. 425) b. The DAFIF™ product is provided “as is,” and no warranty, express or implied, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for particular purpose or arising by statute 37 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual Index Index A add features 4 AIRMET 22 audio submenu tab 3 B buoy reports 20 C cleaning 1 cleaning the unit 1 cloud cover 7 coastal observation stations 20 cold front 14 connecting 2 connecting the GXM 30A 2 Contact XM Satellite Radio 3 county warnings 16 D I displaying weather information 5 icing 26 IFR 21 interference 30 introduction iii isobars 13 E echo tops 25 F favorites list 27 FCC Compliance 32 feature broadcast rates 29 flash flood warning 16 flood warning 16 forecast 26 freezing level 26 fronts 14 fronts map 14 G ground clutter 30 H high pressure center 14, 26 hurricanes 10 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual NEXRAD Intensity 31 NEXRAD Legend 6 NEXRAD Limitations 30 NEXRAD Overview 30 NEXRAD Radar 6 O L occluded front 14 lightning 8 lightning bolt icons 8 limited warranty 33 low pressure center 14, 26 P marine warnings 19 METAR 21 mounting holes 1 physical specifications 28 precipitation 6 preface iii pressure center 14 pressure gradient 13 pressure isobars 13 projected path 9 N R M National Weather Service 16 NEXRAD 6 NEXRAD Abnormalities 30 NEXRAD Colors 31 NEXRAD Description 30 Radio ID 3 Radio ID - Weather 3 38 Index S T W satellite mosaic 7 saving the service package 4 serial number iv servicing 1 servicing your unit 1 set up the XM account 3 severe thunderstorm warning 16 SIGMET 23 software license agreement 35 specifications 28 stationary front 14 storage 1 storm cells 9 strobes 30 strong pressure gradient 13 subscribing to XM 3 sun strobes 30 surface pressure 13 surface winds 11 TAF 27 temporary flight restriction 24 terminal aerodrome forecast 27 TFR 24 time stamp 6 tornado warning 16 tropical depression 10 tropical storm 10 trough 14 warm front 14 warranty 33 water temperature 17 wave direction 18 wave height 18 wave period 17 weather data 5 weather legend 6 weather maps fronts 14 winds aloft 12 wind barbs 11, 12 wind streamline 12 39 U unit care 1 unit overview 1 USB connector 1 USB port 2 V VFR 21 visibility 15 X XM Audio 27 XM Package 4 XM Radio 4 XM Radio ID iv XM Weather/Radio 800 number 3 XM WX Weather 4 GXM 30A XM Radio Smart Antenna Owner’s Manual For the latest free software updates (excluding map data) throughout the life of your Garmin products, visit the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com. © Copyright 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries Garmin International, Inc. 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A. Garmin (Europe) Ltd. Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K. Garmin Corporation No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan www.garmin.com Part Number 190-00713-00 Rev. B