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Product Manual ® Seagate Terascale HDD Standard Model Instant Secure Erase Model ST4000NC001 ST4000NC000 100724268 Rev. B May 2013 Document Revision History Revision Date Description of Change Rev. A 05/16/2013 Initial release. Rev. B 05/30/2013 20. © 2013 Seagate Technology LLC. All rights reserved. Publication number: 100724268, Rev. B May 2013 Seagate, Seagate Technology and the Wave logo are registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC in the United States and/ or other countries. Seagate Terascale HDD and SeaTools are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Seagate Technology LLC or one of its affiliated companies in the United States and/or other countries. The FIPS logo is a certification mark of NIST, which does not imply product endorsement by NIST, the U.S., or Canadian governments. All other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without written permission of Seagate Technology LLC. Call 877-PUB-TEK1 (877-782-8351) to request permission. When referring to drive capacity, one gigabyte, or GB, equals one billion bytes and one terabyte, or TB, equals one trillion bytes. Your computer’s operating system may use a different standard of measurement and report a lower capacity. In addition, some of the listed capacity is used for formatting and other functions, and thus will not be available for data storage. Actual quantities will vary based on various factors, including file size, file format, features and application software. Actual data rates may vary depending on operating environment and other factors. The export or re-export of hardware or software containing encryption may be regulated by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security (for more information, visit www.bis.doc.gov), and controlled for import and use outside of the U.S. Seagate reserves the right to change, without notice, product offerings or specifications. Contents Seagate® Technology Support Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.0 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1 About the SATA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.0 Drive Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Specification summary tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 Formatted capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2.1 LBA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 Recording and interface technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.4 Physical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.5 Seek time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.6 Start/stop times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.7 Power specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.7.1 Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.7.2 Conducted noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.7.3 Voltage tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.7.4 Power-management modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.8 Environmental limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.8.1 Ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.8.2 Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.8.3 Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.8.4 Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.8.5 Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.9 Acoustics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.10 Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.11 Electromagnetic immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.12 Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.12.1 Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF). . . . . 15 2.13 Agency certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.13.1 Safety certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.13.2 Electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.13.3 FCC verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.14 Environmental protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.14.1 European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . 17 2.14.2 China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.15 Corrosive environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.16 Product warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 3.0 Configuring and Mounting the Drive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Handling and static-discharge precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Configuring the drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 SATA cables and connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Drive mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 19 19 19 20 4.0 SATA Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Hot-Plug compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 SATA device plug connector pin definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Supported ATA commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.1 Identify Device command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.2 Set Features command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.3 S.M.A.R.T. commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 21 22 23 25 28 29 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B i Figures Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Typical 4TB model 5V - 6Gb/s startup and operation current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Typical 4TB model 12V - 6Gb/s startup and operation current profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Location of the HDA temperature check point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Attaching SATA cabling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Mounting dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B ii Seagate® Technology Support Services For information regarding online support and services, visit http://www.seagate.com/about/contact-us/technical-support/ Available services include: • Presales & Technical support • Global Support Services telephone numbers & business hours • Authorized Service Centers For information regarding Warranty Support, visit:http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-replacements/ For information regarding data recovery services, visit http://www.seagate.com/services-software/data-recovery-services/ For Seagate OEM and Distribution partner portal, visit: http://www.seagate.com/partners/ For Seagate reseller portal, visit: http://www.seagate.com/partners/my-spp-dashboard/ Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 1 www.seagate.com 1.0 Introduction This manual describes the functional, mechanical and interface specifications for the following Seagate Seagate® Terascale HDD model drives: Model Number Seagate Instant Secure Erase (ISE) ST4000NC001 No ST4000NC000 Yes These drives provide the following key features: • 5900 RPM spindle speed. • PowerChoice™ for selectable power savings • High instantaneous (burst) data-transfer rates (up to 600MB per second). • Perpendicular recording technology provides the drives with increased areal density. • State-of-the-art cache and on-the-fly error-correction algorithms. • • • • • • Native Command Queueing with command ordering to increase performance in demanding applications. Full-track multiple-sector transfer capability without local processor intervention. SeaTools™ diagnostic software performs a drive self-test that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. Support for S.M.A.R.T. drive monitoring and reporting. Supports latching SATA cables and connectors. Worldwide Name (WWN) capability uniquely identifies the drive. 1.1 About the SATA interface The Serial ATA (SATA) interface provides several advantages over the traditional (parallel) ATA interface. The primary advantages include: • Easy installation and configuration with true plug-and-play connectivity. It is not necessary to set any jumpers or other configuration options. • Thinner and more flexible cabling for improved enclosure airflow and ease of installation. • Scalability to higher performance levels. In addition, SATA makes the transition from parallel ATA easy by providing legacy software support. SATA was designed to allow you to install a SATA host adapter and SATA disk drive in your current system and expect all of your existing applications to work as normal. The SATA interface connects each disk drive in a point-to-point configuration with the SATA host adapter. There is no master/ slave relationship with SATA devices like there is with parallel ATA. If two drives are attached on one SATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both “masters” on two separate ports. This essentially means both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices. Note The host adapter may, optionally, emulate a master/slave environment to host software where two devices on separate SATA ports are represented to host software as a Device 0 (master) and Device 1 (slave) accessed at the same set of host bus addresses. A host adapter that emulates a master/slave environment manages two sets of shadow registers. This is not a typical SATA environment. The SATA host adapter and drive share the function of emulating parallel ATA device behavior to provide backward compatibility with existing host systems and software. The Command and Control Block registers, PIO and DMA data transfers, resets, and interrupts are all emulated. The SATA host adapter contains a set of registers that shadow the contents of the traditional device registers, referred to as the Shadow Register Block. All SATA devices behave like Device 0 devices. For additional information about how SATA emulates parallel ATA, refer to the “Serial ATA International Organization: Serial ATA Revision 3.0”. The specification can be downloaded from www.sata-io.org. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 2 www.seagate.com 2.0 Drive Specifications Unless otherwise noted, all specifications are measured under ambient conditions, at 25°C, and nominal power. For convenience, the phrases the drive and this drive are used throughout this manual to indicate the following drive models: Standard models Seagate In(SED) models ST4000NC001 ST4000NC000 2.1 Specification summary tables The specifications listed in Table 1. For details on specification measurement or definition, refer to the appropriate section of this manual. Table 1 Drive specifications summary for 3TB, 2TB and 1TB models Drive Specification* ST4000NC001 ST4000NC000 Formatted capacity (512 bytes/sector)* 4000GB (4TB) Guaranteed sectors 7,814,037,168 Heads 8 Disks 4 Bytes per sector Recording density, KBPI (Kb/in max) 4096 (512 byte emulation) 1807 Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg.) 340 Areal density, (Gb/in2 avg) 625 Spindle speed (RPM) 5900 Internal data transfer rate (Mb/s max) 1813 Sustained data transfer rate OD (MiB/s) I/O data-transfer rate MB/s max) ATA data-transfer modes supported 130 to 160 600 PIO modes 0–4 Multiword DMA modes 0–2 Ultra DMA modes 0–6 Cache buffer 64MB Height (max) 26.1mm / 1.028 in Width (max) 101.85mm /4.010 in Length (max) 147.00mm / 5.787 in Weight (typical) 606g (1.33 lb) Average latency 5.1ms Power-on to ready (sec max) 17.0 Standby to ready (sec max) 17.0 Track-to-track seek time (ms typical) 1.0 read 1.2 write Average seek, read (ms typical) Average seek, write (ms typical) 16.0 16.0 Startup current (typical) 12V (peak) 2.0A Voltage tolerance (including noise) 5V: ± 5% 12V: ± 10% Temperature gradient (°C per hour max) Relative humidity Relative humidity gradient (per hour max) Altitude, operating Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 20°C (operating) 30°C (non-operating) 5% to 90% (operating) 5% to 95% (non-operating) 30% –304.80 m to 3048 m (–1000 ft to 10,000+ ft) 3 www.seagate.com Table 1 Drive specifications summary for 3TB, 2TB and 1TB models (Continued) ST4000NC001 ST4000NC000 Drive Specification* Altitude, non-operating (below mean sea level, max) –304.80 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft to 40,000+ ft) Operational Shock (max @ 2 ms) Read 70 Gs / Write 40 Gs Non-Operational Shock (max @ 2 ms)) 300 Gs 5–22 Hz:___0.25 Gs, Limited displacement Vibration, operating 22–350 Hz: 0.50 Gs 350–500 Hz: 0.25 Gs 5Hz to 22Hz: 3.0 Gs 22Hz to 350Hz: 3.0 Gs 350Hz to 500Hz: 3.0 Gs Vibration, non-operating Drive acoustics, sound power (bels) Idle** 2.3_(typical) 2.5___(max) Performance seek 2.8_(typical) 3.0___(max) Non-recoverable read errors 1 per 1014 bits read Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 1.095% based on 8760 POH To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page: http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-returns/ From this page, click on the “Verify Your Warranty” link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive. Warranty Load/Unload cycles (25°C, 50% rel. humidity) 300,000 Supports Hotplug operation per the Serial ATA Rev. 3.0 specification Yes * One GB equals one billion bytes and 1TB equals one trillion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and formatting. ** During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational levels. 2.2 Formatted capacity Model ST4000NC001 ST4000NC000 Formatted capacity* 4TB Guaranteed sectors 7,814,037,168 Bytes per sector 4096 (512 byte emulation) *One GB equals one billion bytes and 1TB equals one trillion bytes when referring to hard drive capacity. Accessible capacity may vary depending on operating environment and formatting. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 4 www.seagate.com 2.2.1 LBA mode When addressing these drives in LBA mode, all blocks (sectors) are consecutively numbered from 0 to n–1, where n is the number of guaranteed sectors as defined above. See Section 4.3.1, "Identify Device command" (words 60-61 and 100-103) for additional information about 48-bit addressing support of drives with capacities over 137GB. 2.3 Recording and interface technology Interface Serial ATA (SATA) Recording method Perpendicular Recording density, KBPI (Kb/in max) 1807 Track density, KTPI (ktracks/in avg) 340 Areal density (Gb/in2 avg) 625 Spindle speed (RPM) (± 0.2%) 5900 Internal data transfer rate (Mb/s max) 1813 Sustained data transfer rate (MiB/s) 130 to 160 I/O data-transfer rate (MB/s max) 600 (Ultra DMA mode 5) 2.4 Physical characteristics Weight: (maximum) 4TB models Cache buffer Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 606g (1.33 lb) 64MB (64,768KB) 5 www.seagate.com 2.5 Seek time Seek measurements are taken with nominal power at 25°C ambient temperature. All times are measured using drive diagnostics. The specifications in the table below are defined as follows: • Track-to-track seek time is an average of all possible single-track seeks in both directions. • Average seek time is a true statistical random average of at least 5000 measurements of seeks between random tracks, less overhead. Typical seek times (ms) Read Write Track-to-track 1.0 1.2 Average 16.0 16.0 Average latency Note 2.6 5.1 These drives are designed to consistently meet the seek times represented in this manual. Physical seeks, regardless of mode (such as track-to-track and average), are expected to meet the noted values. However, due to the manner in which these drives are formatted, benchmark tests that include command overhead or measure logical seeks may produce results that vary from these specifications. Start/stop times 4TB models Power-on to ready (sec) 17 (max) Standby to ready (sec) 17 (max) Ready to spindle stop (sec) 20 (max) 2.7 Power specifications The drive receives DC power (+5V or +12V) through a native SATA power connector. Refer to Figure 4 on page 19. 2.7.1 Power consumption Power requirements for the drives are listed in Table 2:. Typical power measurements are based on an average of drives tested, under nominal conditions, using 5.0V and 12.0V input voltage at 25°C ambient temperature. • Spinup power Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating speed. • Seek mode During seek mode, the read/write actuator arm moves toward a specific position on the disc surface and does not execute a read or write operation. Servo electronics are active. Seek mode power represents the worst-case power consumption, using only random seeks with read or write latency time. This mode is not typical and is provided for worst-case information. • Read/write power and current Read/write power is measured with the heads on track, based on a 16-sector write followed by a 32-ms delay, then a 16sector read followed by a 32-ms delay. • Operating power and current Operating power is measured using 40 percent random seeks, 40 percent read/write mode (1 write for each 10 reads) and 20 percent drive idle mode. • Idle mode power Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in a random track location. • Standby mode During Standby mode, the drive accepts commands, but the drive is not spinning, and the servo and read/write electronics are in power-down mode.. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 6 www.seagate.com Table 2: 4TB Drive DC power requirements 6.0Gb mode Voltage +5V +12V Regulation ±5% ±5% Avg Idle Current * 0.27 0.27 Idle_A 0.182 0.282 Idle_B 0.167 0.237 Idle_C 0.167 0.104 Standby 0.162 0.006 0.162 0.006 Advanced Idle Current * Average Sleep Current Maximum Start Current DC (peak DC) 3σ 0.34 0.51 AC (peak DC) 3σ 0.71 1.73 0.29 0.42 0.29 0.42 0.29 0.42 0.29 0.42 0.48 0.30 0.50 0.30 0.40 0.32 0.47 0.33 Peak operating current (random read): Typical DC Maximum DC 3σ Peak operating current (random write) Typical DC Maximum DC 3σ Peak operating current (sequential read) Typical DC Maximum DC 3σ Peak operating current (sequential write) Typical DC Maximum DC 3σ * During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational levels. • Spinup power Spinup power is measured from the time of power-on to the time that the drive spindle reaches operating speed. • Operating Read/Write power and current Sequential read/write - 128 block transfer, QD=16, minimum 10 data points Random read/write - 8 block transfer, QD=16, minimum 10 data points Typical DC - average of average operating currents Maximum DC - average of max operating currents • Average Idle Current Idle mode power is measured with the drive up to speed, with servo electronics active and with the heads in a random track location. • EPC Idle/Standby/Sleep mode The current is measured in the desired EPC idle/standby state. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 7 www.seagate.com 2.7.1.1 Typical current profiles 4TB model current profile Figure 1 Typical 4TB model 5V - 6Gb/s startup and operation current profile Figure 2 Typical 4TB model 12V - 6Gb/s startup and operation current profile Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 8 www.seagate.com 2.7.2 Conducted noise Input noise ripple is measured at the host system power supply across an equivalent 80-ohm resistive load on the +12 volt line or an equivalent 15-ohm resistive load on the +5 volt line. • Using 12-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 120 mV peak-to-peak square-wave injected noise at up to 10MHz. • Using 5-volt power, the drive is expected to operate with a maximum of 100 mV peak-to-peak square-wave injected noise at up to 10MHz. Equivalent resistance is calculated by dividing the nominal voltage by the typical RMS read/write current. Note 2.7.3 Voltage tolerance Voltage tolerance (including noise): • 5V ± 5% • 12V ± 10% 2.7.4 Power-management modes The drive provides programmable power management to provide greater energy efficiency. In most systems, you can control power management through the system setup program. The drive features the following power-management modes: Power modes Heads Spindle Buffer Active Tracking Rotating Enabled Idle_a ID Biased Rotating Enabled Idle_b Parked Rotating Enabled Idle_c Parked Rotating at lower RPM Enabled Standby Parked Stopped Enabled Sleep Parked Stopped Disabled • Active mode The drive is in Active mode during the read/write and seek operations. • Idle mode The buffer remains enabled, and the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk access is necessary. • Standby mode The drive enters Standby mode when the host sends a Standby Immediate command. If the host has set the standby timer, the drive can also enter Standby mode automatically after the drive has been inactive for a specifiable length of time. The standby timer delay is established using a Standby or Idle command. In Standby mode, the drive buffer is enabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode any time disk access is necessary. • Sleep mode The drive enters Sleep mode after receiving a Sleep command from the host. In Sleep mode, the drive buffer is disabled, the heads are parked and the spindle is at rest. The drive leaves Sleep mode after it receives a Hard Reset or Soft Reset from the host. After receiving a reset, the drive exits Sleep mode and enters Standby mode with all current translation parameters intact. • Idle and Standby timers Each time the drive performs an Active function (read, write or seek), the standby timer is reinitialized and begins counting down from its specified delay times to zero. If the standby timer reaches zero before any drive activity is required, the drive makes a transition to Standby mode. In both Idle and Standby mode, the drive accepts all commands and returns to Active mode when disk access is necessary. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 9 www.seagate.com 2.7.4.1 Extended Power Conditions - PowerChoiceTM Utilizing the load/unload architecture a programmable power management interface is provided to tailor systems for reduced power consumption and performance requirements. The table below lists the supported power conditions available in PowerChoice. Power conditions are ordered from highest power consumption (and shortest recovery time) to lowest power consumption (and longest recovery time) as follows: Idle_a power >= Idle_b power >= Idle_c power >= Standby_z power. The further you go down in the table, the more power savings is actualized. For example, Idle_b results in greater power savings than the Idle_a power condition. Standby results in the greatest power savings. Power Condition Name Power Condition ID Description Idle_a 81H Reduced electronics Idle_b 81H Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at full RPM Idle_c 81H Heads unloaded. Disks spinning at reduced RPM Standby_z 00H Heads unloaded. Motor stopped (disks not spinning) Each power condition has a set of current, saved and default settings. Default settings are not modifiable. Default and saved settings persist across power-on resets. The current settings do not persist across power-on resets. At the time of manufacture, the default, saved and current settings are in the Power Conditions log match. PowerChoice is invoked using one of two methods • Automatic power transitions which are triggered by expiration of individual power condition timers. These timer values may be customized and enabled using the Extended Power Conditions (EPC) feature set using the standardized Set Features command interface. • Immediate host commanded power transitions may be initiated using an EPC Set Features "Go to Power Condition" subcommand to enter any supported power condition. Legacy power commands Standby Immediate and Idle Immediate also provide a method to directly transition the drive into supported power conditions. PowerChoice exits power saving states under the following conditions • Any command which requires the drive to enter the PM0: Active state (media access) • Power on reset PowerChoice provides the following reporting methods for tracking purposes Check Power Mode Command • Reports the current power state of the drive Identify Device Command • EPC Feature set supported flag • EPC Feature enabled flag is set if at least one Idle power condition timer is enabled Power Condition Log reports the following for each power condition • Nominal recovery time from the power condition to active • If the power condition is Supported, Changeable, and Savable • Default enabled state, and timer value • Saved enabled state, and timer value • Current enabled state, and timer value S.M.A.R.T. Read Data Reports • Attribute 192 - Emergency Retract Count • Attribute 193 - Load/Unload Cycle Count Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 10 www.seagate.com PowerChoice Manufacture Default Power Condition Timer Values Default power condition timer values have been established to assure product reliability and data integrity. A minimum timer value threshold of two minutes ensures the appropriate amount of background drive maintenance activities occur. Attempting to set a timer values less than the specified minimum timer value threshold will result in an aborted EPC "Set Power Condition Timer" subcommand. Power Condition Name Manufacturer Default Timer Values Idle_a 2 min Idle_b 4 min Idle_c 10 min Standby_z 15 min Setting power condition timer values less than the manufacturer specified defaults or issuing the EPC "Go to Power Condition" subcommand at a rate exceeding the default timers may limit this products reliability and data integrity. PowerChoice Supported Extended Power Condition Feature Subcommands EPC Subcommands Descriptions 00H Restore Power Condition Settings 01H Go to Power Condition 02H Set Power Condition Timer 03H Set Power Condition State PowerChoice Supported Extended Power Condition Indentifiers Power Condition Identifiers Power Condition Name 00H Standby_z 01-80H Reserved 81H Idle_a 82H Idle_b 83H Idle_c 84-FEH Reserved FFH All EPC Power Conditions Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 11 www.seagate.com 2.8 Environmental limits Temperature and humidity values experienced by the drive must be such that condensation does not occur on any drive part. Altitude and atmospheric pressure specifications are referenced to a standard day at 58.7°F (14.8°C). Maximum wet bulb temperature is 82°F (28°C). Note The recommended storage period: • 1 year under controlled conditions of 34°C 90%RH or less • 90 days in uncontrolled storage conditions 2.8.1 Ambient temperature a Operating The drive meets the operating specifications over a 41°F to 140°F (5°C to 60°C) drive case temperature range with a maximum temperature gradient of 36°F (20°C) per hour. The maximum allowable drive case temperature is 60°C. See Figure 3 for HDA case temperature measurement location The MTBF specification for the drive assumes the operating environment is designed to maintain nominal case temperature. The rated MTBF is based upon a sustained case temperature of 104°F (40°C). Occasional excursions in operating temperature between the rated MTBF temperature and the maximum drive operating case temperature may occur without impact to the rated MTBF. However, continual or sustained operation at case temperatures beyond the rated MTBF temperature will degrade the drive MTBF and reduce product reliability. Air flow may be required to achieve consistent nominal case temperature values (see Section 3.4). To confirm that the required cooling is provided for the electronics and HDA, place the drive in its final mechanical configuration, and perform random write/read operations. After the temperatures stabilize, measure the case temperature of the drive. b Non-operating –40° to 158°F (–40° to 70°C) package ambient with a maximum gradient of 36°F (20°C) per hour. This specification assumes that the drive is packaged in the shipping container designed by Seagate for use with drive. Figure 3 Location of the HDA temperature check point HDA Temp. Check Point Note Image is for reference only, may not represent actual drive 2.8.2 Humidity 2.8.2.1 Relative humidity Operating 5% to 90% non-condensing (30% per hour max) Nonoperating 5% to 95% non-condensing (30% per hour max) Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 12 www.seagate.com 2.8.3 Altitude Operating –304.80 m to 3048 m (–1000 ft. to 10,000+ ft.) Non-operating –304.80 m to 12,192 m (–1000 ft. to 40,000+ ft.) 2.8.4 Shock All shock specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input shock applied at the drive mounting screws. Shock may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis. 2.8.4.1 Operating shock These drives comply with the performance levels specified in this document when subjected to a maximum operating shock of 70 Gs (read) and 40 Gs (write) based on half-sine shock pulses of 2 ms during read operations. Shocks should not be repeated more than two times per second. 2.8.4.2 Non-operating shock 3TB, 2TB and 1TB models The non-operating shock level that the drive can experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation is 300 Gs based on a non-repetitive half-sine shock pulse of 2 ms duration. 2.8.5 Vibration All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis. 2.8.5.1 Operating vibration The maximum vibration levels that the drive may experience while meeting the performance standards specified in this document are specified below. 5Hz to 22Hz 0.25 Gs 22Hz to 350Hz 0.50 Gs 350Hz to 500Hz 0.25 Gs 20 - 1500Hz *(RROV) 12.5 rads/s2 w/RVFF * Rotary Random Operating Vibration All vibration specifications assume that the drive is mounted securely with the input vibration applied at the drive mounting screws. Vibration may be applied in the X, Y or Z axis. Throughput may vary if improperly mounted. 2.8.5.2 Non-operating vibration The maximum non-operating vibration levels that the drive may experience without incurring physical damage or degradation in performance when subsequently put into operation are specified below. 10Hz to 500Hz Linear Random 4.9 Grms ref Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 13 www.seagate.com 2.9 Acoustics Drive acoustics are measured as overall A-weighted acoustic sound power levels (no pure tones). All measurements are consistent with ISO document 7779. Sound power measurements are taken under essentially free-field conditions over a reflecting plane. For all tests, the drive is oriented with the cover facing upward. Note For seek mode tests, the drive is placed in seek mode only. The number of seeks per second is defined by the following equation: (Number of seeks per second = 0.4 / (average latency + average access time Table 3 Fluid Dynamic Bearing (FDB) motor acoustics 4 Disks (4TB) Idle* Performance Seek 2.3 bels (typical) 2.5 bels (max) 2.8 bels (typical) 3.0 bels (max) *During periods of drive idle, some offline activity may occur according to the S.M.A.R.T. specification, which may increase acoustic and power to operational levels. 2.10 Test for Prominent Discrete Tones (PDTs) Seagate follows the ECMA-74 standards for measurement and identification of PDTs. An exception to this process is the use of the absolute threshold of hearing. Seagate uses this threshold curve (originated in ISO 389-7) to discern tone audibility and to compensate for the inaudible components of sound prior to computation of tone ratios according to Annex D of the ECMA74 standards. 2.11 Electromagnetic immunity When properly installed in a representative host system, the drive operates without errors or degradation in performance when subjected to the radio frequeny (RF) environments defined in Table 4. Table 4 Radio frequency environments Test Description Performance level Reference standard Electrostatic discharge Contact, HCP, VCP: ± 4 kV; Air: ± 8 kV B EN61000-4-2: 95 Radiated RF immunity 80MHz to 1,000MHz, 3 V/m, A 80% AM with 1kHz sine 900MHz, 3 V/m, 50% pulse modulation @ 200Hz EN61000-4-3: 96 ENV50204: 95 Electrical fast transient ± 1 kV on AC mains, ± 0.5 kV on external I/O B EN61000-4-4: 95 Surge immunity ± 1 kV differential, ± 2 kV common, AC mains B EN61000-4-5: 95 Conducted RF immunity 150kHz to 80MHz, 3 Vrms, 80% AM with 1kHz sine A EN61000-4-6: 97 Voltage dips, interrupts 0% open, 5 seconds 0% short, 5 seconds 40%, 0.10 seconds 70%, 0.01 seconds C C C B EN61000-4-11: 94 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 14 www.seagate.com 2.12 Reliability 2.12.1 Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) and Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) The product shall achieve an Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) of 1.1% (MTBF of 800 thousand hours) when operated at nominal power and typical case temperatures of 40°C. Operation at temperatures outside the specifications in Section 2.8 may increase the product AFR (decrease MTBF). AFR and MTBF are population statistics that are not relevant to individual units. AFR and MTBF specifications are based on the following assumptions for business critical storage system environments: • 8760 power-on-hours per year. • Operations at nominal voltages. • Temperatures outside the specifications in Section 2.8 may reduce the product reliability. • A workload rate below the average annualized specified limits. Operation at excessive I/O duty cycle may degrade product reliability. The enterprise application nearline environment of power-on-hours, temperature, and I/O duty cycle affect the product AFR and MTBF. Nonrecoverable read errors 1 per 1014 bits read, max Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 1.1% (nominal power, 40°C case temperature) Load unload cycles 300,000 cycles Rated Workload Average rate of <180TB/year The MTBF specification for the drive assumes the I/O workload does not exceed the Average Annualized Workload Rate Limit of <180TB/year. Workloads exceeding the annualized rate may degrade the drive MTBF and impact product reliability. The Average Annualized Workload Rate Limit is in units of TB per year, or TB per 8760 power on hours. Workload Rate = TB transferred x ( 8760 / recorded power on hours). Warranty To determine the warranty for a specific drive, use a web browser to access the following web page: http://www.seagate.com/support/warranty-and-returns/ From this page, click on the "Verify Your Warranty" link. You will be asked to provide the drive serial number, model number (or part number) and country of purchase. The system will display the warranty information for your drive. Preventive maintenance None required. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 15 www.seagate.com 2.13 Agency certification 2.13.1 Safety certification These products are certified to meet the requirements of UL60950-1, CSA60950-1 and EN60950 and so marked as to the certify agency. 2.13.2 Electromagnetic compatibility Hard drives that display the CE mark comply with the European Union (EU) requirements specified in the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) as put into place 20 July 2007. Testing is performed to the levels specified by the product standards for Information Technology Equipment (ITE). Emission levels are defined by EN 55022, Class B and the immunity levels are defined by EN 55024. Drives are tested in representative end-user systems. Although CE-marked Seagate drives comply with the directives when used in the test systems, we cannot guarantee that all systems will comply with the directives. The drive is designed for operation inside a properly designed enclosure, with properly shielded I/O cable (if necessary) and terminators on all unused I/ O ports. Computer manufacturers and system integrators should confirm EMC compliance and provide CE marking for their products. Korean RRL If these drives have the Korean Communications Commission (KCC) logo, they comply with paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Radio Research Laboratory (RRL) Communications Commission, Republic of Korea. These drives have been tested and comply with the Electromagnetic Interference/Electromagnetic Susceptibility (EMI/EMS) for Class B products. Drives are tested in a representative, end-user system by a Korean-recognized lab. • Family name: Seagate Terascale HDD • Certificate number: In process • Date of certification: In process Australian C-Tick (N176) If these models have the C-Tick marking, they comply with the Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ CISPR22 and meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Framework requirements of the Australian Communication Authority (ACA). 2.13.3 FCC verification These drives are intended to be contained solely within a personal computer or similar enclosure (not attached as an external device). As such, each drive is considered to be a subassembly even when it is individually marketed to the customer. As a subassembly, no Federal Communications Commission verification or certification of the device is required. Seagate has tested this device in enclosures as described above to ensure that the total assembly (enclosure, disk drive, motherboard, power supply, etc.) does comply with the limits for a Class B computing device, pursuant to Subpart J, Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation with non-certified assemblies is likely to result in interference to radio and television reception. Radio and television interference. This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio and television reception. This equipment is designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio or television, which can be determined by turning the equipment on and off, you are encouraged to try one or more of the following corrective measures: • Reorient the receiving antenna. • Move the device to one side or the other of the radio or TV. • Move the device farther away from the radio or TV. • Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the receiver and computer are on different branch outlets. If necessary, you should consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for additional suggestions. You may find helpful the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications Commission: How to Identify and Resolve RadioTelevision Interference Problems. This booklet is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Refer to publication number 004-000-00345-4. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 16 www.seagate.com 2.14 Environmental protection Seagate designs its products to meet environmental protection requirements worldwide, including regulations restricting certain chemical substances. 2.14.1 European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive The European Union Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, restricts the presence of chemical substances, including Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Hexavalent Chromium, PBB and PBDE, in electronic products, effective July 2006. This drive is manufactured with components and materials that comply with the RoHS Directive. 2.14.2 China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive This product has an Environmental Protection Use Period (EPUP) of 20 years. The following table contains information mandated by China's "Marking Requirements for Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products" Standard. "O" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is lower than the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard. "X" indicates the hazardous and toxic substance content of the part (at the homogenous material level) is over the threshold defined by the China RoHS MCV Standard. 2.15 Corrosive environment Seagate electronic drive components pass accelerated corrosion testing equivalent to 10 years exposure to light industrial environments containing sulfurous gases, chlorine and nitric oxide, classes G and H per ASTM B845. However, this accelerated testing cannot duplicate every potential application environment. Users should use caution exposing any electronic components to uncontrolled chemical pollutants and corrosive chemicals as electronic drive component reliability can be affected by the installation environment. The silver, copper, nickel and gold films used in Seagate products are especially sensitive to the presence of sulfide, chloride, and nitrate contaminants. Sulfur is found to be the most damaging. In addition, electronic components should never be exposed to condensing water on the surface of the printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) or exposed to an ambient relative humidity greater than 95%. Materials used in cabinet fabrication, such as vulcanized rubber, that can outgas corrosive compounds should be minimized or eliminated. The useful life of any electronic equipment may be extended by replacing materials near circuitry with sulfide-free alternatives. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 17 www.seagate.com 2.16 Product warranty Beginning on the date of shipment to the customer and continuing for the period specified in your purchase contract, Seagate warrants that each product (including components and subassemblies) that fails to function properly under normal use due to defect in materials or workmanship or due to nonconformance to the applicable specifications will be repaired or replaced, at Seagate’s option and at no charge to the customer, if returned by customer at customer’s expense to Seagate’s designated facility in accordance with Seagate’s warranty procedure. Seagate will pay for transporting the repair or replacement item to the customer. For more detailed warranty information, refer to the standard terms and conditions of purchase for Seagate products on your purchase documentation. The remaining warranty for a particular drive can be determined by calling Seagate Customer Service at 1-800-468-3472. You can also determine remaining warranty using the Seagate web site (www.seagate.com). The drive serial number is required to determine remaining warranty information. Shipping When transporting or shipping a drive, use only a Seagate-approved container. Keep your original box. Seagate approved containers are easily identified by the Seagate Approved Package label. Shipping a drive in a non-approved container voids the drive warranty. Seagate repair centers may refuse receipt of components improperly packaged or obviously damaged in transit. Contact your authorized Seagate distributor to purchase additional boxes. Seagate recommends shipping by an air-ride carrier experienced in handling computer equipment. Storage The maximum recommended storage period for the drive in a non-operational environment is 90 days. Drives should be stored in the original unopened Seagate shipping packaging whenever possible. Once the drive is removed from the Seagate original packaging the recommended maximum period between drive operation cycles is 30 days. During any storage period the drive non-operational temperature, humidity, wet bulb, atmospheric conditions, shock, vibration, magnetic and electrical field specifications should be followed. Product repair and return information Seagate customer service centers are the only facilities authorized to service Seagate drives. Seagate does not sanction any third-party repair facilities. Any unauthorized repair or tampering with the factory seal voids the warranty. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 18 www.seagate.com 3.0 Configuring and Mounting the Drive This section contains the specifications and instructions for configuring and mounting the drive. 3.1 Handling and static-discharge precautions After unpacking, and before installation, the drive may be exposed to potential handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD) hazards. Observe the following standard handling and static-discharge precautions: • Before handling the drive, put on a grounded wrist strap, or ground yourself frequently by touching the metal chassis of a computer that is plugged into a grounded outlet. Wear a grounded wrist strap throughout the entire installation procedure. • Handle the drive by its edges or frame only. • The drive is extremely fragile—handle it with care. Do not press down on the drive top cover. Caution • Always rest the drive on a padded, antistatic surface until you mount it in the computer. • Do not touch the connector pins or the printed circuit board. • Do not remove the factory-installed labels from the drive or cover them with additional labels. Removal voids the warranty. Some factory-installed labels contain information needed to service the drive. Other labels are used to seal out dirt and contamination. 3.2 Configuring the drive Each drive on the SATA interface connects point-to-point with the SATA host adapter. There is no master/slave relationship because each drive is considered a master in a point-to-point relationship. If two drives are attached on one SATA host adapter, the host operating system views the two devices as if they were both “masters” on two separate ports. Both drives behave as if they are Device 0 (master) devices. 3.3 SATA cables and connectors The SATA interface cable consists of four conductors in two differential pairs, plus three ground connections. The cable size may be 30 to 26 AWG with a maximum length of one meter (39.37 inches). See Table 5 for connector pin definitions. Either end of the SATA signal cable can be attached to the drive or host. For direct backplane connection, the drive connectors are inserted directly into the host receptacle. The drive and the host receptacle incorporate features that enable the direct connection to be hot pluggable and blind mateable. For installations which require cables, you can connect the drive as illustrated in Figure 4. Figure 4 Attaching SATA cabling Signal connector Power connector Signal cable Power cable Each cable is keyed to ensure correct orientation. Seagate Terascale HDD drives support latching SATA connectors. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 19 www.seagate.com 3.4 Drive mounting You can mount the drive in any orientation using four screws in the side-mounting holes or four screws in the bottommounting holes. Refer to Figure 5 for drive mounting dimensions. Follow these important mounting precautions when mounting the drive: • Allow a minimum clearance of 0.030 inches (0.76mm) around the entire perimeter of the drive for cooling. • Use only 6-32 UNC mounting screws. • The screws should be inserted no more than 0.150 inch (3.81mm) into the bottom or side mounting holes. • Do not overtighten the mounting screws (maximum torque: 6 inch-lb). Weight: (maximum) 4TB models 606g (1.33 lb) Note These dimensions conform to the Small Form Factor Standard documented in SFF-8301 and SFF-8323 found at www.sffcommittee.org Figure 5 Mounting dimensions Note PCBA may not be representative of the actual PCBA on drive. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 20 www.seagate.com 4.0 SATA Interface These drives use the industry-standard Serial ATA (SATA) interface that supports FIS data transfers. It supports ATA programmed input/output (PIO) modes 0 to 4; multiword DMA modes 0 to 2, and Ultra DMA modes 0 to 6. For detailed information about the SATA interface, refer to the “Serial ATA: High Speed Serialized AT Attachment” specification. 4.1 Hot-Plug compatibility Seagate Terascale HDD drives incorporate connectors which enable you to hot plug these drives in accordance with the SATA Revision 3.0 specification. This specification can be downloaded from www.serialata.org. Caution The drive motor must come to a complete stop (Ready to spindle stop time indicated in Section 3.7) prior to changing the plane of operation.This time is required to insure data integrity. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 21 www.seagate.com 4.2 SATA device plug connector pin definitions Table 5 summarizes the signals on the SATA interface and power connectors. Table 5 SATA connector pin definitions Segment Pin Function Definition Signal S1 Ground 2nd mate S2 A+ Differential signal pair A from Phy S3 A- S4 Ground 2nd mate S5 B- Differential signal pair B from Phy S6 B+ S7 Ground 2nd mate Key and spacing separate signal and power segments Power P1 V33 3.3V power P2 V33 3.3V power P3 V33 3.3V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate P4 Ground 1st mate P5 Ground 2nd mate P6 Ground 2nd mate P7 V5 5V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate P8 V5 5V power P9 V5 5V power P10 Ground 2nd mate P11 Ground or LED signal If grounded, drive does not use deferred spin P12 Ground 1st mate. P13 V12 12V power, pre-charge, 2nd mate P14 V12 12V power P15 V12 12V power Notes 1. All pins are in a single row, with a 1.27 mm (0.050”) pitch. 2. The comments on the mating sequence apply to the case of backplane blindmate connector only. In this case, the mating sequences are: • the ground pins P4 and P12. • the pre-charge power pins and the other ground pins. • the signal pins and the rest of the power pins. 3. There are three power pins for each voltage. One pin from each voltage is used for pre-charge when installed in a blindmate backplane configuration. • All used voltage pins (Vx) must be terminated. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 22 www.seagate.com 4.3 Supported ATA commands The following table lists SATA standard commands that the drive supports. For a detailed description of the ATA commands, refer to the Serial ATA International Organization: Serial ATA Revision 3.0 (http://www.sata-io.org). See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 29 for details and subcommands used in the S.M.A.R.T. implementation. Command name Command code (in hex) Check Power Mode E5H Download Microcode 92H Execute Device Diagnostics 90H Flush Cache E7H Flush Cache Extended EAH Identify Device ECH Idle E3H Idle Immediate E1H NOP 00H Read Buffer E4H Read Buffer DMA E9H Read DMA C8H Read DMA Extended 25H Read FPDMA Queued 60H Read Log Ext 2FH Read Log DMA Ext 47H Read Multiple C4H Read Multiple Extended 29H Read Native Max Address F8H Read Native Max Address Extended 27H Read Sectors 20H Read Sectors Extended 24H Read Sectors Without Retries 21H Read Verify Sectors 40H Read Verify Sectors Extended 42H Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 41H Request Sense Data Ext 0BH Sanitize Device - Status Ext B4H / 0000H Sanitize Device - Crypto Scramble Ext B4H / 0011H Sanitize Device - Freeze Lock Ext B4H / 0020H Security Disable Password F6H Security Erase Prepare F3H Security Erase Unit F4H Security Freeze Lock F5H Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 23 www.seagate.com Command name Command code (in hex) Security Set Password F1H Security Unlock F2H Seek 70H Set Features EFH Set Max Address F9H Note: Individual Set Max Address commands are identified by the value placed in the Set Max Features register as defined to the right. Address: Password: Lock: Unlock: Freeze Lock: Set Max Address Extended 37H Set Multiple Mode C6H Sleep E6H S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations B0H / D9H S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave B0H / D2H S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations B0H / D8H S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline B0H / D4H S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds B0H / D1H S.M.A.R.T. Read Data B0H / D0H S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector B0H / D5H S.M.A.R.T. Return Status B0H / DAH S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values B0H / D3H S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector B0H / D6H Standby E2H Standby Immediate E0H Write Buffer E8H Write Buffer DMA EBH Write DMA CAH Write DMA Extended 35H Write DMA FUA Extended 3DH Write FPDMA Queued 61H Write Log Extended 3FH Write Log DMA Ext 57H Write Multiple C5H Write Multiple Extended 39H Write Multiple FUA Extended CEH Write Sectors 30H Write Sectors Without Retries 31H Write Sectors Extended 34H Write Uncorrectable 45H Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 00H 01H 02H 03H 04H 24 www.seagate.com 4.3.1 Identify Device command The Identify Device command (command code ECH) transfers information about the drive to the host following power up. The data is organized as a single 512-byte block of data, whose contents are shown on page 23. All reserved bits or words should be set to zero. Parameters listed with an “x” are drive-specific or vary with the state of the drive. The following commands contain drive-specific features that may not be included in the SATA specification. Word Description Value 0 Configuration information: Bit 15: 0 = ATA; 1 = ATAPI • Bit 7: removable media • Bit 6: removable controller • Bit 0: reserved 0C5AH 1 Number of logical cylinders 16,383 2 ATA-reserved C837H 3 Number of logical heads 16 4 Retired 0000H 5 Retired 0000H 6 Number of logical sectors per logical track: 63 003FH 7–9 Retired 0000H 10–19 Serial number: (20 ASCII characters, 0000H = none) ASCII 20 Retired 0000H 21 Retired 0000H 22 Obsolete 0004H 23–26 Firmware revision (8 ASCII character string, padded with blanks to end of string) xxxx 27–46 Drive model number: (40 ASCII characters, padded with blanks to end of string) 47 (Bits 7–0) Maximum sectors per interrupt on Read multiple and Write multiple (16) 8010H 48 Reserved 4000H 49 Standard Standby timer, IORDY supported and may be disabled 2F00H 50 ATA-reserved 4000H 51 PIO data-transfer cycle timing mode 0200H 52 Retired 0200H 53 Words 54–58, 64–70 and 88 are valid 0007H 54 Number of current logical cylinders xxxxH 55 Number of current logical heads xxxxH 56 Number of current logical sectors per logical track xxxxH 57–58 Current capacity in sectors xxxxH 59 Number of sectors transferred during a Read Multiple or Write Multiple command xxxxH 60–61 Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 2.2 for related information) *Note: The maximum value allowed in this field is: 0FFFFFFFh (268,435,455 sectors, 137GB). Drives with capacities over 137GB will have 0FFFFFFFh in this field and the actual number of user-addressable LBAs specified in words 100-103. This is required for drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature. 0FFFFFFFh* 62 Retired 0000H 63 Multiword DMA active and modes supported (see note following this table) xx07H 64 Advanced PIO modes supported (modes 3 and 4 supported) 0003H 65 Minimum multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec) 0078H 66 Recommended multiword DMA transfer cycle time per word (120 nsec) 0078H 67 Minimum PIO cycle time without IORDY flow control (240 nsec) 0078H Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 25 www.seagate.com Word Description Value 68 Minimum PIO cycle time with IORDY flow control (120 nsec) 0078H 69–74 ATA-reserved 0000H 75 Queue depth 001FH 76 SATA capabilities xxxxH 77 Reserved for future SATA definition xxxxH 78 SATA features supported xxxxH 79 SATA features enabled xxxxH 80 Major version number 03F0H 81 Minor version number 001FH 82 Command sets supported 346BH 83 Command sets supported 7501H 84 Command sets support extension (see note following this table) 6163H See Word 108-111 note. (6163H = 0110000101100011 binary) 85 Command sets enabled 3469H 86 Command sets enabled B401H 87 Command sets enable extension 6163H 88 Ultra DMA support and current mode (see note following this table) xx7FH 89 Security erase time 8100H 90 Enhanced security erase time 8100H 92 Master password revision code FFFEH 93 Hardware reset value 0000H 95–99 ATA-reserved 0000H 100–103 Total number of user-addressable LBA sectors available (see Section 2.2 for related information). These words are required for drives that support the 48-bit addressing feature. Maximum value: 0000FFFFFFFFFFFFh. ST4000NC001 = 7,814,037,168 ST4000NC000 = 7,814,037,168 104–107 ATA-reserved xxxxH 108–111 The mandatory value of the world wide name (WWN) for the drive. NOTE: This field is valid if word 84, bit 8 is set to 1 indicating 64-bit WWN support. Each drive will have a unique value. 112–127 ATA-reserved xxxxH 128 Security status 0021H 129–159 Seagate-reserved xxxxH 160–254 ATA-reserved xxxxH 255 Integrity word xxA5H See the bit descriptions below for words 63, 84, and 88 of the Identify Drive data. Note Description (if bit is set to 1) Bit Word 63 0 Multiword DMA mode 0 is supported. 1 Multiword DMA mode 1 is supported. 2 Multiword DMA mode 2 is supported. 8 Multiword DMA mode 0 is currently active. 9 Multiword DMA mode 1 is currently active. 10 Multiword DMA mode 2 is currently active. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 26 www.seagate.com Bit Word 84 0 SMART error login is supported. 1 SMART self-test is supported. 2 Media serial number is supported. 3 Media Card Pass Through Command feature set is supported. 4 Streaming feature set is supported. 5 GPL feature set is supported. 6 WRITE DMA FUA EXT and WRITE MULTIPLE FUA EXT commands are supported. 7 WRITE DMA QUEUED FUA EXT command is supported. 8 64-bit World Wide Name is supported. 9-10 Obsolete. 11-12 Reserved for TLC. 13 IDLE IMMEDIATE command with IUNLOAD feature is supported. 14 Shall be set to 1. 15 Shall be cleared to 0. Bit Word 88 0 Ultra DMA mode 0 is supported. 1 Ultra DMA mode 1 is supported. 2 Ultra DMA mode 2 is supported. 3 Ultra DMA mode 3 is supported. 4 Ultra DMA mode 4 is supported. 5 Ultra DMA mode 5 is supported. 6 Ultra DMA mode 6 is supported. 8 Ultra DMA mode 0 is currently active. 9 Ultra DMA mode 1 is currently active. 10 Ultra DMA mode 2 is currently active. 11 Ultra DMA mode 3 is currently active. 12 Ultra DMA mode 4 is currently active. 13 Ultra DMA mode 5 is currently active. 14 Ultra DMA mode 6 is currently active. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 27 www.seagate.com 4.3.2 Set Features command This command controls the implementation of various features that the drive supports. When the drive receives this command, it sets BSY, checks the contents of the Features register, clears BSY and generates an interrupt. If the value in the register does not represent a feature that the drive supports, the command is aborted. Power-on default has the read look-ahead and write caching features enabled. The acceptable values for the Features register are defined as follows: 02H Enable write cache (default). 03H Set transfer mode (based on value in Sector Count register). Sector Count register values: 00H Set PIO mode to default (PIO mode 2). 01H Set PIO mode to default and disable IORDY (PIO mode 2). 08H PIO mode 0 09H PIO mode 1 0AH PIO mode 2 0BH PIO mode 3 0CH PIO mode 4 (default) 20H Multiword DMA mode 0 21H Multiword DMA mode 1 22H Multiword DMA mode 2 40H Ultra DMA mode 0 41H Ultra DMA mode 1 42H Ultra DMA mode 2 43H Ultra DMA mode 3 44H Ultra DMA mode 4 45H Ultra DMA mode 5 46H Ultra DMA mode 6 10H Enable use of SATA features 55H Disable read look-ahead (read cache) feature. 82H Disable write cache 90H Disable use of SATA features AAH Enable read look-ahead (read cache) feature (default). F1H Report full capacity available Note At power-on, or after a hardware or software reset, the default values of the features are as indicated above. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 28 www.seagate.com 4.3.3 S.M.A.R.T. commands S.M.A.R.T. provides near-term failure prediction for disk drives. When S.M.A.R.T. is enabled, the drive monitors predetermined drive attributes that are susceptible to degradation over time. If self-monitoring determines that a failure is likely, S.M.A.R.T. makes a status report available to the host. Not all failures are predictable. S.M.A.R.T. predictability is limited to the attributes the drive can monitor. For more information on S.M.A.R.T. commands and implementation, see the Draft ATA-5 Standard. SeaTools diagnostic software activates a built-in drive self-test (DST S.M.A.R.T. command for D4H) that eliminates unnecessary drive returns. The diagnostic software ships with all new drives and is also available at: http://www.seagate.com/support/downloads/seatools/. This drive is shipped with S.M.A.R.T. features disabled. You must have a recent BIOS or software package that supports S.M.A.R.T. to enable this feature. The table below shows the S.M.A.R.T. command codes that the drive uses. Code in features register S.M.A.R.T. command D0H S.M.A.R.T. Read Data D2H S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave D3H S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values D4H S.M.A.R.T. Execute Off-line Immediate (runs DST) D5H S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector D6H S.M.A.R.T. Write Log Sector D8H S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations D9H S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations DAH S.M.A.R.T. Return Status Note If an appropriate code is not written to the Features Register, the command is aborted and 0x 04 (abort) is written to the Error register. Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 29 Index A ACA 16 acoustics 14 Active 9 Active mode 9 actuator arm 6 Agency certification 16 altitude 13 ambient 12 Ambient temperature 12 ambient temperature 6 Annualized Failure Rate 16 Annualized Failure Rate (AFR) 15 areal density 5 ATA commands 23 Australia/New Zealand Standard AS/NZ CISPR22 16 Australian Communication Authority (ACA) 16 Australian C-Tick 16 average idle current 7 Average latency 6 Average seek time 6 B BPI 5 buffer 5 C cables and connectors 19 cache 5 capacity 4 CE mark 16 certification 16 Check Power Mode 23 China RoHS directive 17 compatibility 16 Conducted noise 9 Conducted RF immunity 14 Configuring the drive 19 connectors 19 Corrosive environment 17 CSA60950-1 16 D DC power 6 density 5 dimensions 20 disc surface 6 Download Microcode 23 E Electrical fast transient 14 Electromagnetic compatibility 16 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 16 Electromagnetic Compatibility control Regulation 16 Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2004/108/EC) 16 Electromagnetic immunity 14 Electrostatic discharge 14 electrostatic discharge (ESD) 19 EN 55022, Class B 16 EN 55024 16 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B EN60950 16 enclosures 16 Environmental specifications 12 errors 15 ESD 19 EU 16 EU RoHS directive 17 European Union (EU) requirements 16 Execute Device Diagnostics 23 F FCC verification 16 Flush Cache 23 Flush Cache Extended 23 Formatted capacity 4 G gradient 12 guaranteed sectors 5 H Handling precautions 19 humidity 12 I I/O data-transfer rate 5 Identify Device 23 Identify Device command 25 Idle 9, 23 Idle Immediate 23 Idle mode 6, 9 Information Technology Equipment (ITE) 16 Input noise ripple 9 input voltage 6 interface 5, 21 interference 16 internal data-transfer rate OD 5 is 6 ISO document 7779 14 ITE 16 K KCC 16 Korean Communications Commission 16 Korean RRL 16 L latency 6 latency time 6 LBA mode 5 M maintenance 15 master/slave 2 maximum start current 7 mounting 20 mounting screws 13 mounting the drive 19 N noise 9 nominal power 6 non-operating temperature 12 Nonoperating shock 13 30 Nonoperating vibration 13 Nonrecoverable read errors 15 NOP 23 O Operating power 6 Operating shock 13 Operating vibration 13 P peak operating current 7 Physical characteristics 5 point-to-point 2, 19 Power consumption 6 power consumption 6 Power modes 9 Power specifications 6 Power-management modes 9 Power-on to Ready 6 precautions 19 printed circuit board 19 programmable power management 9 prominent discrete tone 14 R Radiated RF immunity 14 radio and television interference 16 radio frequency (RF) 14 random seeks 6 Rated Workload 15 Read Buffer 23 Read Buffer DMA 23 Read DMA 23 Read DMA Extended 23, 24 read errors 15 Read Log Ext 23 Read Multiple 23 Read Multiple Extended 23 Read Native Max Address 23 Read Native Max Address Extended 23 Read Sectors 23 Read Sectors Extended 23 Read Sectors Without Retries 23 Read Verify Sectors 23 Read Verify Sectors Extended 23 Read Verify Sectors Without Retries 23 read/write actuator arm 6 Read/write power 6 recording density 5 recording method 5 Recording technology 5 relative humidity 12 Reliability 15 Request Sense Data Ext 23 RF 14 RMS read/write current 9 RoHS 17 RRL 16 S S.M.A.R.T. Disable Operations 24 31 S.M.A.R.T. Enable Operations 24 S.M.A.R.T. Enable/Disable Autosave 24 S.M.A.R.T. Execute Offline 24 S.M.A.R.T. implementation 23 S.M.A.R.T. Read Attribute Thresholds 24 S.M.A.R.T. Read Data 24 S.M.A.R.T. Read Log Sector 24 S.M.A.R.T. Return Status 24 S.M.A.R.T. Save Attribute Values 24 S.M.A.R.T. Write Log sector 24 Safety certification 16 Sanitize Device 23 screws 13 Seagate Technology Support Services 1 sectors 5 Security Disable Password 23 Security Erase Prepare 23 Security Erase Unit 23 Security Freeze Lock 23 Security Set Password 24 Security Unlock 24 See “S.M.A.R.T. commands” on page 34 23 Seek 24 seek mode 6 Seek mode power 6 Seek time 6 Serial ATA (SATA) interface 21 serial ATA ports 2 Servo electronics 6 servo electronics 6 Set Features 24 Set Max Address 24 Set Max Address Extended 24 Set Multiple Mode 24 shipping container 12 Shock 13 single-track seeks 6 Sleep 9, 24 Sleep mode 9 sound 14 Specification summary table 3 spindle speed 5 Spinup power 6 Standby 9, 24 Standby Immediate 24 Standby mode 6, 9 standby timer 9 Standby to Ready 6 Start/stop times 6 static-discharge 19 subassembly 16 Surge immunity 14 T temperature 6, 12 non-operating 12 timer 9 timers 9 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B track density 5 Track-to-track 6 Track-to-track seek time 6 U UL60950-1 16 V Vibration 13 voltage 6 Voltage dips, interrupts 14 Voltage tolerance 9 W weight 5 Workload 15 Write Buffer 24 Write Buffer DMA 24 Write DMA 24 Write DMA Extended 24 Write DMA FUA Extended 24 Write Log DMA Ext 24 Write Log Extended 24 Write Multiple 24 Write Multiple Extended 24 Write Multiple FUA Extended 24 Write Sectors 24 Write Sectors Extended 24 Write Sectors Without Retries 24 Seagate Terascale HDD Product Manual, Rev. B 32 Seagate Technology LLC AMERICAS Seagate Technology LLC 10200 South De Anza Boulevard, Cupertino, California 95014, United States, 408-658-1000 ASIA/PACIFIC Seagate Singapore International Headquarters Pte. Ltd. 7000 Ang Mo Kio Avenue 5, Singapore 569877, 65-6485-3888 EUROPE, MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA Seagate Technology SAS 16-18 rue du Dôme, 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France, 33 1-4186 10 00 Publication Number: 100724268, Rev. B May 2013