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Logic Express 8 Control Surfaces Support  Apple Inc. © 2007 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software licence agreement. The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple Inc. is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Note: Because Apple frequently releases new versions and updates to its system software, applications, and Internet sites, images shown in this book may be slightly different from what you see on your screen. Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014-2084 408-996-1010 www.apple.com Apple, FireWire, iPod, Logic, Mac, Macintosh, and Mac OS are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. GarageBand is a trademark of Apple Inc. Intel, Intel Core, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corp. in the U.S. and other countries. Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. 3 Contents Preface 7 7 8 9 12 12 13 Introduction What Are Control Surfaces? Using Control Surfaces With Logic Express Control Surfaces Supported by Logic Express Control Surface Plug-ins About Software and Firmware About This Guide Chapter 1 15 15 16 18 20 23 30 34 35 Basic Control Surface Setup Getting Started Connecting Control Surfaces Adding Control Surfaces to Logic Express Creating Control Surface Groups Configuring Your Control Surface Setup Setting Control Surface Preferences Modal Dialog Display Usage Tips Chapter 2 37 37 38 41 59 60 Customizing Controller Assignments Assigning Controllers to Logic Express Parameters Working in Easy View Working in Expert View Assigning Buttons to Key Commands Controller Assignments Storage Chapter 3 61 61 62 62 65 68 68 82 84 Mackie Control Setting Up Your Mackie Control Using the Mackie Control With Logic Express Display Zone Channel Strip Controls Master Fader Assignment Zone Fader Bank Zone Function Key Zone 3 4 85 86 86 88 89 97 98 99 99 100 Global View Zone Modifier Buttons Automation Buttons Utilities Buttons Transport Zone Cursor Key Zone Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone Programmable User Modes Connecting Foot Switches Assignment Overview Chapter 4 111 111 111 112 114 114 116 116 116 117 118 M-Audio iControl Setting Up Your iControl Editing Plug-in Parameters Assignment Buttons Arrow Up and Arrow Down Buttons Channel Strip Controls Mixer View and Channel View The Jog Wheel Transport Controls Master Fader Assignment Overview Chapter 5 121 121 122 CM Labs Motormix Setting Up Your CM Labs Motormix Assignment Overview Chapter 6 129 129 129 130 Frontier Design TranzPort Setting Up Your Frontier Design TranzPort LCD Assignment Overview Chapter 7 133 133 134 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk Setting Up Your JL Cooper CS-32 MiniDesk Assignment Overview Chapter 8 139 139 139 140 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 What You Will Need Setting Up Your JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 Assignment Overview Chapter 9 141 141 142 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 Setting Up Your Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 Assignment Overview Contents Chapter 10 147 147 148 Mackie Baby HUI Setting Up Your Mackie Baby HUI Assignment Overview Chapter 11 151 151 151 158 161 161 162 162 Mackie C4 Setting Up Your Mackie C4 V-Pots, V-Selects Buttons at Bottom Marker Overlay Track Overlay Channel Strip Overlay Function Overlay Chapter 12 165 165 166 Mackie HUI Setting Up Your Mackie HUI Assignment Overview Chapter 13 177 177 178 182 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Setting Up Your Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Assignment Overview Troubleshooting Chapter 14 183 183 184 Roland SI-24 Setting Up Your Roland SI-24 Assignment Overview Chapter 15 189 189 189 190 Tascam FW-1884 Introduction Setting Up Your Tascam FW-1884 Assignment Overview Chapter 16 199 199 200 Tascam US-2400 Setting Up Your Tascam US-2400 Assignment Overview Chapter 17 207 207 207 Tascam US-428 and US-224 Setting Up Your Tascam US-428 and US-224 Assignment Overview Contents 5 6 Chapter 18 211 211 212 215 215 216 216 216 Yamaha 01V96 Setting Up Your Yamaha 01V96 Assignment Overview SELECTED CHANNEL Section Data Entry Section Channel Strips Stereo Channel Strip Section User Defined Keys Section Chapter 19 219 219 220 Yamaha 02R96 Setting Up Your Yamaha 02R96 Assignment Overview Chapter 20 225 225 226 Yamaha DM1000 Setting Up Your Yamaha DM1000 Assignment Overview Chapter 21 233 233 234 Yamaha DM2000 Setting Up Your Yamaha DM2000 Assignment Overview Contents Preface Introduction You can use hardware control surfaces to control and automate transport, mixing, recording, and other tasks in Logic Express. All of the Logic Express functions which correspond to mixer controls, such as setting volume level and pan position, can be performed on screen—using your mouse and computer keyboard. This is not ideal for precise real time control, as only one parameter can be adjusted at a time. You can expand your creative experience, and gain flexibility and speed, by connecting a hardware control surface to your computer, and using it with Logic Express. When you move a fader on the control surface, the corresponding fader in Logic Express moves with it. Similarly, when you adjust a control on screen, the corresponding control on the control surface is updated. You can adjust EQ or other parameters by turning the rotary knobs on the control surface, and have the corresponding parameters update instantly in Logic Express. What Are Control Surfaces? Control surfaces are hardware devices that feature a variety of controls, which can include faders, rotary knobs, switches, and displays. These controls can be mapped to functions in Logic Express, allowing you to change parameters—such as volume or panning—with more precision than is possible with your mouse and computer keyboard. You can also control multiple parameters at the same time, dependent on the facilities of the control surface. Control surfaces also typically provide buttons that allow you to select parameters for editing, or to select particular tracks/channels, or banks of channels. Many also offer a jog wheel, which allows you to precisely move the playhead, Transport buttons (Play, Rewind, and so on), and other controls. When you use a supported control surface with Logic Express, some controls are pre-mapped to common functions. You can map nonassigned controls to other Logic Express commands and functions (see “Assigning Controllers to Logic Express Parameters” on page 37). 7 Some simple control surfaces only provide (non-motorized) faders and knobs. More sophisticated units include motorized faders, rotary encoders, LED rings, and programmable displays. The additional feedback these control surfaces provide make them easier to use, as you don’t need to constantly refer to the computer screen to know what mode the device is in, or what current parameter values are. Using Control Surfaces With Logic Express To use a control surface with Logic Express, you connect it to your computer via MIDI, USB, a Network port, or FireWire. You then add it to Logic Express (this is automatic for many supported devices), map the controls you want to use to Logic Express commands (again, much of this is done for you, if using a supported device), then use the control surface as you play and record. Recorded control surface automation appears in (the Arrange, when enabled, and in the Piano Roll Editor). Detailed information on connecting and adding control surfaces is covered in Chapter 1, “Basic Control Surface Setup,” on page 15. Please read this chapter before moving on to the chapter for your particular control surface. The following outlines some of the things you can accomplish when using control surfaces with Logic Express:  Control transport functions, including setting locators, and activating Cycle or Punch Recording modes.  Adjust instrument, aux, master, and audio channel volume and pan levels.  Select, and control, all effect and instrument parameters.  Select, solo, mute, and record-enable tracks/channels.  Set and adjust send parameters.  Remotely switch between screensets.  Scrub MIDI and audio (in the Arrange window).  Zoom in on individual tracks, or the window with key focus.  Create, delete, and move the playhead between markers. Control surfaces facilitate dynamic live performances—when used in conjunction with a portable Macintosh, a music keyboard, and audio and MIDI interfaces. Some devices incorporate a music keyboard, audio and MIDI interfaces, and a control surface into a single integrated unit. The track automation facilities of Logic Express can be active even when the application is not in record mode, allowing you to capture your live real time changes for later playback. This ensures that you’ll never again lose that “once-in-a-lifetime” performance—on stage or in the studio. 8 Preface Introduction Logic Express directly supports a variety of control surfaces, as mentioned, but also allows you to remap existing assignments for supported control surfaces, or to program new assignments for unsupported control surfaces. This allows you to extend the use of faders, knobs, and switches—either directly, or through the use of modifier commands. You can use any combination of control surfaces with Logic Express. You will get the most out of them when used in a control surface group. A detailed overview of group, installation, and other control surface setup parameters is found in “Creating Control Surface Groups” on page 20. The best way to learn about using control surfaces is to adopt a hands-on approach— moving faders, turning knobs, and using the other controls on your device as you read through the manual. This will help you to get a feel for how your control surface works, and how the various parts of the control surface interact with Logic Express. Control Surfaces Supported by Logic Express Following is an alphabetical listing of control surfaces directly supported by Logic Express. The list contains cross references to the relevant device-specific sections. Note: It is possible that your device may be directly supported in Logic Express via one or more downloadable support files. This is often a driver or plug-in (see “Control Surface Plug-ins” on page 12) supplied by the manufacturer. Please check the documentation/discs that came with the device, and the manufacturer’s website. Follow any written instructions supplied with the files, if available. Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes 01V96 Yamaha The Yamaha 01V96 emulates two HUI units, using two virtual MIDI in and out connections over a USB cable. See “Yamaha 01V96” on page 211. 01X Yamaha The Yamaha 01X emulates a Mackie Control. It does not feature all controls available to the Mackie units, however. Please refer to the 01X documentation for details. Logic Express recognizes the 01X as an 01X, and displays a custom icon, but communication is as with a Mackie Control unit. See “Mackie Control” on page 61. 02R96 Yamaha The Yamaha 02R96 emulates three HUI units, using three virtual MIDI in and out connections over a USB cable. See “Yamaha 02R96” on page 219. Baby HUI Mackie The Baby HUI is a stripped-down version of the HUI. See “Mackie Baby HUI” on page 147. Preface Introduction 9 10 Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes C4 Mackie The Mackie C4 is directly supported. See “Mackie C4” on page 151. CS-32 MiniDesk JLCooper See “JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk” on page 133. DM1000 Yamaha The Yamaha DM1000 emulates two HUI units, using two virtual MIDI in and out connections over a USB cable. See “Yamaha DM1000” on page 225. DM2000 Yamaha The Yamaha DM2000 emulates three HUI units, using three virtual MIDI in and out connections over a USB cable. See “Yamaha DM2000” on page 233. FaderMaster 4/100 JLCooper See “JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100” on page 139. FE-8 Tascam Extension unit for FW-1884. See “Tascam FW1884” on page 189. FW-1082 Tascam A stripped-down version of the FW-1884. See “Tascam FW-1884” on page 189. FW-1884 Tascam See “Tascam FW-1884” on page 189. HUI Mackie Important: HUI support has been tested with the original Mackie HUI. There are a number of control surfaces—not mentioned here—which can emulate the HUI. Not all devices capable of HUI emulation have been tested. These are not supported by Apple, nor are they guaranteed to work with Logic Express in HUI emulation mode. See “Mackie HUI” on page 165. iControl M-Audio See “M-Audio iControl” on page 111. KONTROL49 Korg A larger version of the microKONTROL. See “Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49” on page 141. Logic Control XT Mackie/Emagic This is the extension unit for the Logic Control. It only offers the channel strip section, making it less useful without a Logic (or Mackie) Control. See “Mackie Control” on page 61. Also see the Appendix for more details. Logic/Mackie Control Mackie/Emagic See “Mackie Control” on page 61. Also see the Appendix for more details. Mackie Control Mackie The original Mackie Control hardware is similar to the Logic Control. The front panel legend is different, however. You should request a Logic Control Lexan Overlay from Mackie. As Logic Express also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you may use any firmware version. If your unit has firmware version 1.02 or higher, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Mackie Control” on page 61. Preface Introduction Supported Devices Manufacturer Notes Mackie Control Extender Mackie Mackie-badged version of the Logic Control XT. As Logic Express also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you may use any firmware version. If you have firmware version 1.02 or higher, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Mackie Control” on page 61. Mackie Control Universal Mackie A Mackie Control with Logic Control silk screening (legend) and firmware version 2.0 or higher (including HUI emulation). As Logic Express also recognizes the Mackie Control protocol, you can freely use either the Logic Control or Mackie Control mode. See “Mackie Control” on page 61. microKONTROL Korg See “Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49” on page 141. Motormix CM Labs See “CM Labs Motormix” on page 121. Radikal Technologies SAC-2.2 The SAC-2.2/2k’s native mode is directly supported, but it can also emulate a Mackie Control. You should use the native mode. See “Radikal Technologies SAC-2K” on page 177. Radikal Technologies SAC-2k See “Radikal Technologies SAC-2K” on page 177. SI-24 Roland See “Roland SI-24” on page 183. TranzPort Frontier Design Group See “Frontier Design TranzPort” on page 129. US-224 Tascam A stripped-down version of the US-428. See “Tascam US-428 and US-224” on page 207. US-2400 Tascam Logic Express supports the US-2400’s native mode. In contrast to its Mackie Control mode, all controls, including the joystick, are supported. See section “Tascam US-2400” on page 199. US-428 Tascam See “Tascam US-428 and US-224” on page 207. Preface Introduction 11 Control Surface Plug-ins Supported control surfaces communicate with Logic Express via special plug-in files that are installed along with Logic Express. The plug-in files are located in the / Contents/MIDI Device Plug-ins sub-folder of the Logic Express application bundle. To view the bundle contents, Control-click the Logic Express application icon, and choose Show Package Contents from the menu. Logic Express also checks for (optional) control surface plug-ins installed in the /Library/Application Support/Logic/MIDI Device Plugins and ~/Library/Application Support/Logic/MIDI Device Plug-ins (the “~” denotes your user home directory) folders. When new control surface plug-ins are released independently from a Logic Express update (or supplied directly by the device manufacturer), please place them in the folders mentioned above (or as advised in the documentation supplied with the plug-in). About Software and Firmware Most control surfaces depend on Logic Express for their functionality, and cannot be operated if Logic Express is not running. They do not provide any additional functionality that is not available in Logic Express itself. One advantage of this approach is that as new functions are added to Logic Express, or as you create new assignments, your control surface will be able to access and control them. Most control surface units do include a form of software called firmware. Firmware is similar to the low-level boot software found in your computer, cellular phone, iPod, and so on. New behaviors, such as improved control of motorized faders and changes to the display, can be provided by firmware updates. You should periodically check the manufacturer’s website for your device, to check for updates that may enhance use or performance. The firmware is usually stored on an EEPROM (Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) chip. It can often be updated via a simple MIDI dump procedure, in the form of a MIDI file. Should new firmware become available, you can simply download the appropriate MIDI file and play it (from Logic Express) to your control surfaces, which will be updated accordingly. The steps required to perform a firmware update will be outlined in the documentation that accompanies the MIDI file. Please read this before attempting any update. Note: Some control surfaces may require that you physically replace the chip for firmware updates. Please contact the manufacturer of your device for details. 12 Preface Introduction About This Guide This document assumes that you are familiar with the basic use and terminology of Logic Express. The functionality and uses of individual Logic Express parameters are not covered. Please consult the Logic Express 8 User Manual if you require further information. The next chapter, “Basic Control Surface Setup,” describes general setup procedures that are common to all control surfaces. The following chapters provide information about setting up and using specific devices. Please note that these chapters are limited to describing Logic-specific functions, and are not intended to replace the manufacturer supplied documentation for the device. Preface Introduction 13 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 1 Regardless of the device, you first need to connect, add, and configure your control surface for use with Logic Express. This chapter describes aspects of the setup procedure, and preferences, that are common to all control surfaces. Setup information for specific devices is covered in the following chapters. Important: Please read this chapter first, then read through the chapter that pertains to your specific device. Getting Started To use one or more control surfaces with Logic Express, you will need:  An installed, authorized copy of Logic Express.  For USB or FireWire-equipped devices (such as a Yamaha 01X), a free USB or FireWire port. Ideally, this should be a direct USB/FireWire connection with the computer, rather than via a USB/FireWire hub. Please refer to the documentation provided by the manufacturer of your control surface.  For devices that are only equipped with MIDI ports (such as a Mackie Control), a MIDI interface with free MIDI input and output ports for each device. As an example; if using a MIDI interface with 8 MIDI input and 8 MIDI output ports—with one Mackie Control and one Mackie Control XT unit—you will need to use two of the interface’s MIDI in, and two of its MIDI out ports.  An installed driver (if required by your control surface) that is supported by the operating system version you are using. Important: Your MIDI interface must feature driver software that supports SysEx communication. Please consult the documentation that shipped with your MIDI interface (or MIDI interface drivers). 15 The number of devices that can be used simultaneously depends on the number of free ports of the appropriate type (USB, FireWire, or other) available on your system. In a standard setup, you can use a single control surface—or one accompanied by one or more expansion devices. You can also create control surface groups, as discussed in “Creating Control Surface Groups” on page 20. Using multiple control surfaces allows you to control more tracks/channels, effects, and other parameters simultaneously. As an example, the Mackie Control XT devices are basically identical to the channel strip section (fader, V-Pot, and LCD) of the main Mackie Control unit. The Mackie C4 features a number of V-Pots, but no faders. You can add as many XT, C4, or other control surface devices as you wish to your system, provided that enough free MIDI in and out (or USB or other suitable) ports are available. Connecting Control Surfaces Logic Express supports a variety of control surfaces that connect to your computer using FireWire, USB, and other connection protocols. Be sure to check the type of connection that your device features, and that it is supported by your computer. Before connecting the device, read the installation instructions included with it, and install the latest version of any appropriate firmware or driver software, if needed. For more information, refer to the documentation that came with the device. Connecting FireWire and USB Control Surfaces If your control surface has a FireWire or USB port, you can connect it directly to your computer, using a cable with the appropriate connectors. FireWire and USB devices transmit and receive data through a single cable, if the device supports bi-directional communication. The following diagram illustrates a typical setup using a FireWire or USB cable: Computer FireWire/USB cable Control surface It is recommended that you connect FireWire and USB devices directly to your computer, rather than through a hub. Daisy-chaining devices can result in errors and other problems, due to the amount of data being transmitted in real time. 16 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Connecting Control Surfaces via Networking Ports A handful of devices are connected via the network (LAN) ports of your Macintosh, using a single, standard (CAT5) networking cable. Most devices connected in this way also incorporate audio I/O, and digital audio converters, plus built-in MIDI ports— making the addition of these peripherals a simple, single cable (and driver) installation. As with FireWire and USB, it is recommended that such devices are directly connected to the computer, rather than through a network hub or switch. Connecting MIDI Control Surfaces If your control surface has MIDI input and output ports, you can connect it to a MIDI interface, and connect the MIDI interface to your computer. MIDI interfaces are typically connected to your computer via the USB or FireWire connection protocols. MIDI uses separate ports for input and output, and you must connect both the MIDI input and output to use a MIDI control surface with Logic Express. The following diagram illustrates a typical setup using MIDI input and output: MIDI interface Out port In port Computer In port Out port Control surface It is recommended that you do not “daisy-chain” other MIDI devices via MIDI thru to the MIDI in or out ports used by control surfaces. Daisy-chaining can result in errors and other problems, due to the amount of data being transmitted in real time. Optional Footswitches and Pedals Some control surfaces allow you to connect footswitches or pedals as additional controllers. If your control surface features suitable connectors, you may connect optional foot switches to remotely control playback and other functions. This frees your hands for other controls, and can also be helpful when using guitars or other instruments that require two-handed playing. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 17 Powering Up Once everything is connected, press the power switch on your control surface. Once powered, the displays (such as an LCD, if your device has one) or LEDs are lit. Some LCDs display a welcome message, which includes the firmware version number, during power-up. On most control surfaces with motorized faders, each fader will slide to its top position, then back to its bottom or center position. This self-diagnostic power-on procedure indicates that your units are functioning correctly. Generally, you can turn on your computer (and MIDI interface, if applicable) either before or after you turn on the control surface, and open Logic Express either before or after the control surface is powered up. Some devices, however, may require the computer to be turned on before/after the device has initialized. Check the device documentation, and manufacturer web site. Adding Control Surfaces to Logic Express Some control surfaces (such as the Mackie Control) are detected automatically when you open Logic Express. You can add other devices that are not detected automatically—in the Setup window. There are two ways to add a device: by scanning, or by adding the device manually. Installation is easy (and is covered in the Setup section of the chapter for your particular device). Some devices may require different or additional steps, but generally, all you need to do is select the devices that you want to use with Logic Express, using one of the following procedures: To add a control surface by scanning: 1 Open the Control Surfaces Setup window by choosing Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 In the Setup window, choose New > Install, and then select the device from the list. Note: You may select more than one model by Command-clicking on multiple entries in the list. If you select more than one model, Logic Express performs the desired operation for each model, in turn. 3 Click the Scan button. You can also press Enter, or double-click on the device name to initiate the scan. Logic Express scans your system for connected devices, and automatically installs (and connects to) those it finds. 4 When you are finished, close the window. If you don’t want to select the models to be scanned, you can simply choose New > Scan All in the Setup window: Logic Express searches for all supported control surface units on all MIDI ports. Please be aware that this may take a while. 18 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Some control surfaces don’t support automatic scanning. Such devices must be added manually to your setup. When you add a device manually, you also need to assign the appropriate MIDI In and Out port parameters. Note: It is preferable to install devices by scanning, whenever possible. Logic Express is able to gather more information about devices through scanning, than via manual installation. To add a control surface manually: 1 Open the Control Surfaces Setup window by choosing Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 In the Setup window, choose New > Install, and select the desired device from the list. 3 Click the Add button. 4 Close the Install window when you’ve finished. If another control surface of the selected type already exists in your setup, a warning dialog will ask you to confirm the addition of the new device. You need to manually alter the MIDI In and Out port values—in the Device Parameter box of the Setup window—to match those of the connected unit. Rebuilding Defaults You can re-initialize the support of all connected control surfaces by choosing Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Rebuild Defaults. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 19 Creating Control Surface Groups If you have multiple control surface units in your system, you can define how they relate to each other, and create control surface groups. A control surface group consists of multiple devices that you combine to create a single, unified virtual control surface. You can create up to 20 control surface groups. Each group can consist of any number of physical devices. The only limiting factor is the number of available MIDI in and out ports (or USB/FireWire “MIDI” ports, if you are using a USB or FireWire control surface). You can independently determine the default behavior of each device in a group. For more information, see the Device Parameters (p. 23) section. To create a control surface group: 1 Open the Control Surfaces Setup window by choosing Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 In the Setup window, drag the icons of the control surfaces you want to group, so that they form a single horizontal row. The order of the icons from left to right defines the order in which tracks and parameters are arranged on the devices. 20 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup To use two control surfaces independently: 1 Open the Control Surfaces Setup window by choosing Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 In the Setup window, arrange the icons for the control surfaces in separate rows—that is, one above the other. Pictured below is an example with two Mackie Controls, three Mackie Control XTs, and one HUI: The top row, consisting of the Mackie Control #1, Mackie Control XT #1, and Mackie Control XT #2 forms a single control surface group with 24 channels. Mackie Control #1 controls channels 1 to 8, XT #1 controls channels 9 to 16, and XT #2 handles channels 17 to 24. In the second row, the Mackie Control #2 and Mackie Control XT #3 form a second control surface group—controlling instruments (on channels 1 to 8) and auxes (on channels 9 to 16). In the third row, the HUI forms a single unit control surface group. Each group has individual settings, such as Flip Mode, Display Mode, Plug-in Parameter Bank Offset and others. This allows you to access, edit, and automate different sections of the Logic Express Mixer. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 21 In our example, the three units in the top row could be used to control audio tracks and MIDI channels. In the second row, Mackie Control #2 could be used for instrument channels 1 to 8, and XT #3 could be used for aux channels. The HUI could be used to edit group definitions. The physical placement of units, and the way you use them, is completely flexible. Note: In most situations, the placement of your control surface units in relation to each other should be the same on screen as in the real world. Simply position the icons in your control surface group accordingly. Once you have created a control surface group, you can configure it in the Setup window. For more information, see “Control Surface Group Parameters” on page 24. Follow Control Surface Group The View Menu in the Mixer window contains a Follow Control Surface Group option. When enabled, this will update the Mixer window to reflect the active control surface group. Following the example above, pressing the track/channel select 2 button of Mackie Control #2 (in the second row/control surface group), would update the Logic Express Mixer to show Instrument channels 1 to 8, and eight Aux channels. Pressing a Select button on any of the units in the top row/group would update the Mixer to show audio channels 1 to 24. 22 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Configuring Your Control Surface Setup The left side of the Setup window contains two or three parameter boxes: Device parameters, Special parameters (if your connected device supports them), and Control Surface Group parameters. You can configure your control surface setup to meet your needs by editing the parameters in these boxes. Device Parameters The Device Parameter box contains the following parameters:  Out Port: Choose the MIDI output port from the pop-up menu.  Input: Choose the MIDI input port from the pop-up menu.  Module: Shows the name of the control surface.  Model: Shows the model name of the control surface.  Version: Shows the firmware version for some control surfaces.  Color: Click to choose the color that indicates which tracks are being controlled by this control surface. In the Arrange window, the tracks controlled by this device are colored along the left edge of the track list (if the track control bars are displayed). Each control surface must be connected to an independent MIDI in and out port (or corresponding USB/FireWire port, designated as a MIDI port by the device driver). When the device is added, the automatic setup or scan procedure sets the appropriate MIDI input and output port settings for the device. If the MIDI port settings are incorrect, you can manually choose them from the Input and Out port pop-up menus. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 23 Special Parameters Some control surfaces (such as the Mackie Control) allow you to define “special” parameters such as fader touch sensitivity. When a device that offers special parameters is connected, the Special Parameters box appears on the left side of the Setup window. For more information about supported special parameters, refer to the documentation for the specific device. Control Surface Group Parameters If you have created one or more control surface groups, you can configure group parameters in the Control Surface Group Parameter box. These parameters apply to the group associated with the selected device, and allow you to set up each group to meet your needs. This is especially helpful when you have multiple control surface groups. Many (if not all) control surface group parameters can also be changed directly from the control surface, as well as from the Setup window. If you have created multiple control surface groups, the Control Surface Group Parameter box shows the settings for the group that is currently selected in the Setup window. The Control Surface Group Parameter box contains the following parameters: Display Parameters The parameters at the top of the box allow you control over aspects of the device displays.  Flip Mode: Choose the functions for the faders and rotary encoders of the channel strips on the device. For control surfaces that contain a fader and a rotary encoder for each channel strip, Flip Mode allows you to assign both controls to the same parameter, or swap their assignments. The choices are:  Off: Standard mode, with the fader acting as a volume control.  Duplicate: Assigns both the fader and encoder to the currently selected encoder parameter.  Swap: Switches the fader and encoder assignments, making the fader a pan control and the encoder a channel volume control, for example.  Mute: Disables the fader. This is useful when recording in the same room as the control surface, and you wish to avoid the mechanical noise of the faders. Any existing automation still functions normally.  Display Mode: Click to limit the device display to only the name, or only the value, of the current parameter. This is helpful if there is insufficient space for the display of both the parameter name and value.  Clock Display: If your control surface features a position display, this parameter allows you to determine how the playhead position is represented: Click to switch between Beats (musical values) or SMPTE (absolute time values). Note: The elements (and positions) displayed depend on the selected SMPTE or bar/ beat display option defined in the Logic Express Preferences. 24 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup  Channel Strip View Mode:  Arrange: The channel strips on the device correspond to Logic Express channel strips as they appear in the Mixer window. The layout of channel strips matches the way tracks are laid out in the Arrange window. Channel strip 1 in the Mixer window is equivalent to channel 1 on the control surface, channel strip 2 in the Mixer is equivalent to channel 2, and so on. Instruments/channels used by multiple tracks are merged into one channel. This is the default mode of most devices, including the Mackie Control.  All: The channel strips on the device correspond to Logic Express channel strips of certain types, such as MIDI or aux channels, independent of their use in tracks. Control surfaces that support this view mode generally allow you to define which channel types you want to display. The Mixer window contents automatically follow the state of the control surface, provided that the View > Follow Control Surface option is enabled in the Mixer window).  Tracks: Similar to Arrange view mode, but individual channel strips are shown when multiple Arrange tracks address the same channel. Typically, an instrument channel, with several tracks routed to it.  Single: This mode shows a single channel (and its routing to auxes and so on). You can determine which parameters the channel strip controllers (on the control surface) will edit. Note: Keep in mind that the view mode is a property of the control surface group, not a global setting. One group can display busses, while the other shows tracks, for example.  Fader Bank for Tracks View: Drag vertically, or enter an integer value to offset which tracks are controlled by the channel strips of the device in Tracks view. As an example, if your device has eight channel strips, these might normally be assigned to audio channel strips 1–8 in Logic Express. If you set this parameter to 2, the device channel strips would control Logic Express Mixer channel strips 3–10 (1 + 2 = 3).  Fader Bank for All View: Drag vertically, or enter an integer value to offset which Logic Express channel strips are controlled by the device in All view. This parameter is only available when multiple channel strip types are displayed in the Mixer. When single channel strip types are displayed, there are separate fader bank parameters (these aren’t displayed in the parameter list). Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 25  Channel Strip Parameter: Choose which function is controlled by the channel strip encoders on the device. The choices are:  Volume: Encoders adjust channel volume.  Pan: Encoders adjust channel panorama position.  Format: Encoders adjust/select channel format.  Input: Encoders adjust/select channel input source.  Output: Encoders adjust/select channel output (main outs/auxes).  Automation: Encoders adjust/select channel automation mode.  Group: Encoders adjust group membership of the track. Editing the parameter allows you to set either “no group” or a single group. Enabling membership of multiple groups is not possible (this can only be done directly in the Logic Express Mixer).  Displayed Par.: Encoders adjust the automation parameter selected in the Arrange window. This is especially useful if you set the control surface to Arrange View mode, and your Arrange window shows multiple sub-tracks with various parameters.  EQ Band: Sets the current EQ band, so that you can edit a particular Channel EQ parameter for all tracks in the EQ Multi Channel view.  EQ Parameter pop-up menu: Choose which parameter of the selected EQ band is controlled by the encoders in EQ Multi Channel view. The choices are:  Frequency: Encoders adjust the frequency of the selected band.  Gain: Encoders adjust the gain of the selected band. For the Low Cut (band 1) and High Cut (band 8) bands of the Channel EQ, this parameter controls the slope.  Q: Encoders adjust the Q factor of the selected band.  On/Off: Encoders bypass the selected EQ band.  EQ Parameter Page: Sets the EQ parameter displayed in EQ Channel Strip view. The Channel EQ features 8 bands per audio channel, with each band offering four parameters. All of these parameters can be accessed with your control surface. If your control surface does not display all EQ parameters at once, you can view them by stepping through the parameter “pages” in sequence. As an example, if your control surface has eight channel strips, you can directly control parameters 1 to 8 with knobs or sliders 1 to 8 when you switch to EQ Channel Strip Edit view. You then need to switch by a page to access parameters 9 to 16. 26 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Send and Plug-in Parameters The parameters in the middle of the Control Surface Group Parameter box enable you to control different operational aspects when working with send and plug-in parameters.  Send Slot: Sets the currently selected Send slot. The default is 1, which sets the first (top) Send on each channel as the Send slot. A value of 2 sets the second send as the Send slot, a value of 3, the third Send slot, and so on.  Send Parameter pop-up menu: Choose the send parameter controlled by the encoders when in the Send Multi Channel view. The choices are:  Destination: Encoder is used to determine the bus channel number for the Send slot.  Level: Encoder is used to adjust the send level.  Position: Encoders set Pre, Post, or Post Pan fader modes.  Mute: Encoders mute/unmute the selected Send slot.  Send Parameter Page: Sets the current page for the send parameters. Up to 32 parameters are available in Send Channel Strip view for a given channel (Eight Send slots multiplied by the four parameters listed above).  Split: no. of upper parameters: Sets the number of encoders that belong to Split Upper, for control surfaces that support split mode. The remaining encoders belong to Split Lower. A value of 0 means that Split Mode is off—all encoders are assigned to the Split Upper area. Control surfaces that support split mode allow the display of two separate parameter sections within one plug-in (or even different plug-ins). They are called Split Upper and Split Lower.  Instrument Parameter Page: Determines which parameter is assigned to the left-most encoder when editing a software instrument. The next instrument parameter is assigned to encoder 2, and so on. This applies to Split Upper when split mode is enabled.  Inst Parameter Page (Split Lower): Sets the parameter that is assigned to the left-most encoder of Split Lower when editing a software instrument (when split mode is enabled). The next instrument parameter is assigned to encoder 2, and so on.  Insert Slot: Sets the current Insert slot number, both for selecting a plug-in (in Plug-in Channel Strip view) and for editing the plug-in’s parameters. The default is 1, which sets the first (top) plug-in slot on each channel as the Insert slot. A value of 2 sets the second plug-in slot as the Insert slot, and so on. When split mode is enabled, this applies to Split Upper. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 27  Insert Slot (Split Lower): Sets the current Insert slot number for Split Lower when selecting or editing a plug-in (when split mode is enabled).  Plug-in Parameter Page: Defines which parameter is assigned to the left-most encoder when editing a plug-in. The next plug-in parameter is assigned to encoder 2, and so on. This applies to Split Upper when split mode is enabled. Note: The plug-in and instrument page parameters are kept separate, as this allows you to quickly switch between editing an instrument and an effect plug-in on a channel, without having to adjust the parameter page every time.  Plug-in Param Page (Split Lower): Defines which parameter is assigned to the leftmost encoder of Split Lower when editing a plug-in (with split mode enabled). The next plug-in parameter is assigned to encoder 2, and so on.  Track: Defines which track is displayed for Channel Strip views. When split mode is enabled, this applies to Split Upper.  Track (Split Lower): Sets which track is displayed (in the Split Lower section of the control surface) for Channel Strip Views, when split mode is enabled.  Track Lock: Determines how the control surface responds when a track is selected in Logic Express (in essence, this remotely affects the Track and Track (Split Lower) parameters). When set to On, the control surface group continues to display the same track, independent of the currently selected track in Logic Express. When set to Off, the control surface group automatically switches to the selected track, whenever a track is selected in Logic Express. Other Parameters The parameters at the bottom of the Control Surface Group Parameter box let you set the Track Name Format, Parameter Page Shift Mode, Relative Change Mode, Mix Group, and Group Parameter Page parameters.  Track Name Format: Determines whether the track name display only shows the track name, or the track name and number.  Parameter Page Shift Mode: Determines whether the parameter is shifted by one page or by one parameter.  Relative Change Mode pop-up menu: Choose the mode for controller assignments that support a relative value change mode (rotary encoders, for example). The choices are:  Coarse: The parameter is adjusted in coarse steps.  Full: Turning the encoder to the right sets the maximum value. Turning it to the left sets the minimum value. The encoder also stops at its default value. As an example, when the Pan knob is left of center, turning the encoder to the right initially sets the Pan parameter to center (its default value). A further turn to the right sets the Pan to full right (its maximum value). 28 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup  Fine: The parameter is incremented or decremented in fine steps—by one tick or other unit. In this mode, the highest possible resolution is used. As an example; when editing the Sample Delay plug-in’s Delay parameter: every encoder tick increases or decreases the value by 1 sample, regardless of the resolution value.  Mix Group value: Determines which group is edited when in Group Edit mode.  Group Parameter Page: Defines which parameter of the edited group is assigned to the left-most encoder. How Control Surface Group Parameters Are Saved Any changes to settings (in the Setup window or from the device) are saved in a preferences file, named “com.apple.logic.express.cs”, located in ~/Library/Preferences/ Logic. This file is saved independently from the Logic Express Preferences file. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 29 Setting Control Surface Preferences Various settings that affect the on screen appearance and performance of control surfaces can be made in the Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces tabs. To open the Control Surfaces preferences: m Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Preferences (or use the Open Control Surfaces Preferences key command). To temporarily disable your control surfaces: m Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Bypass all Control Surfaces. This command is useful for silencing motorized control surface faders when recording in the same room. It is also handy when troubleshooting MIDI data errors, or to reduce MIDI bandwidth requirements. General Preferences General control surface preferences include; resolution of relative controls, maximum MIDI bandwidth, and other functions.  Resolution of Relative Controls slider: Sets the resolution of controls that change values in a relative manner. The default resolution is 128 steps. Choose a higher resolution value to divide the range into finer increments.  Maximum MIDI Band Width slider: Drag to set the maximum amount of MIDI bandwidth that your control surface can use. This is set to a default of 50%, which should be suitable for most situations. You can adjust the value if you find that your MIDI or automation playback is being affected.  Touching fader selects track checkbox: When active, touching a fader on the control surface selects the track which corresponds to the fader. The device must feature touch-sensitive faders for this functionality to work.  Control surface follows track selection: When active, selection of a track in the Arrange window automatically selects the corresponding track/channel on the control surface. 30 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup  Jog resolution depends on horizontal zoom checkbox: When active, the precision of scrubbing (using the jog/shuttle wheel of your control surface) is determined by the horizontal zoom level of Logic Express. Your control surface must feature a jog/ shuttle wheel (or similar control) for this to have any effect. To retain a consistent resolution, regardless of Logic Express window zoom levels, disable this checkbox.  Pickup Mode checkbox: When active, the control surface operates in “pickup” mode (if this mode is available). Some control surfaces, typically those without motorized faders or knobs, do not show parameter changes—caused by playing back existing automation data—on their interface. Such control surfaces usually offer a pickup mode. In pickup mode, the controller must reach (“pick up”) the current value before the value can be changed. This prevents sudden jumps of parameter values caused by playing back automation. Your device may feature a display (usually a pair of arrow LEDs) that indicates the direction or distance you need to move the controller, in order to match the settings shown in Logic Express (also known as NULL). Once you have matched the on screen NULL value, deactivate pickup mode, and start automating. When pickup mode is disabled, adjusting a fader modifies the parameter immediately (which can result in parameter value jumps).  Multiple Controls per Parameter pop-up menu: Choose the maximum number of encoders used for each parameter, when editing plug-ins or audio instruments. The choices are:  1: Parameters are always displayed using one encoder per parameter, with the least space available for parameter name and value in the LCD.  2: On each unit, encoders 1 and 2 are used for the first parameter, encoders 3 and 4 for the second, and so on.  4: On each unit, encoders 1 to 4 are used for the first parameter, encoders 5 to 8 for the second, and so on.  8: On each unit, encoders 1 to 8 are used for the first parameter, encoders 9 to 16 for the second, and so on. When multiple encoders are used per parameter, the encoders are divided into groups (1/2, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8, for example). The first encoder of each group controls the parameter shown in the display. The remaining encoders are inactive. Using more than one encoder per parameter shows fewer parameters at any given time, but you gain space on the LCD to cater for longer parameter names and values. The more control surfaces you have within a control surface group, the more you benefit from this feature. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 31  Only when all parameters fit in one page: When turned on, the defined number of encoders are only used when enough encoders are available to show all parameters (without having to change pages). As an example, if you have a Mackie Control and two Mackie Control XTs (giving you a total of 24 encoders), a plug-in with 13 parameters will be shown with one encoder per parameter. Eleven encoders will remain unused. A plug-in with 11 parameters will be shown with two encoders per parameter. Two encoders will remain unused (as will the inactive encoders of the sub-divisions mentioned above). When turned off, multiple encoders are used for each parameter, which may require scrolling. This would not be the case if only one encoder was used for each parameter.  Show value units for: The two checkboxes in this section allow you to adjust whether or not parameter values are appended by the measurement unit, where applicable— “Hz” or “%,” for example. You can set this option separately for instrument/plug-in parameters, and for volume and other channel strip parameters. When turned on, parameter values are appended with the appropriate unit, where applicable. Turn off if viewing units makes the display too cluttered.  Controller Assignments button: Click to open the Controller Assignments window.  Setup button: Click to open the Control Surfaces Setup window. 32 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Help Tags Preferences For control surfaces that feature freely programmable displays with more than six characters per line (or segment) of the display, you can change the way help tags are shown. Control surface help tags are similar to Logic Express help tags, showing additional information during use.  While editing show long names for: These two checkboxes determine how the names and values of parameters are displayed on the LCD of the control surface.  Parameter name checkbox: When turned on, the upper LCD line displays the full parameter name, rather than an abbreviated form of it, when you edit a parameter,  Parameter value checkbox: When turned on, the lower LCD line displays the full parameter value when you edit it. If the “Show value units for parameter” boxes (see below) are checked, it will be appended by the measurement unit, where applicable (as examples: “dB,” “Hz,” or “%”). Note: The following options only have an effect if at least one of the two parameters described above is active.  Display Duration slider: Drag to adjust the time that parameter names and values remain on the LCD display, following selection/adjustments.  Show info for multiple parameters checkbox: When enabled: the long name info appears in the display until the most recently edited parameter’s display times out. This may cause overlapping text. When disabled: the long name display is only shown for the most recently edited parameter, which can cause (LCD) screen flicker.  Show info when selecting tracks checkbox: When turned on, “Selected” appears in the upper row of the LCD, and the selected track name is shown in the lower row, when you select a track.  Show info when editing volume checkbox: When turned on, the word “Volume” appears in the upper row of the LCD, and the edited value appears in the lower row, when you edit a track’s volume. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 33  Show value units for checkboxes: When turned on, parameter values are appended by the appropriate measurement unit (“Hz” or “%,” for example). You can set this option separately for “Instrument/plug-in parameters” and “Volume and other parameters.” If you can do without value units, the display is less cluttered. Note: This parameter only applies while you are editing the relevant values. Modal Dialog Display All modal dialogs (except File Open dialogs) appear on the LCD of control surfaces that feature text displays. Examples of modal dialogs include; authorization warnings, edit confirmations, or error messages. While a modal dialog is visible, you cannot perform actions in any other window. The modal dialog text appears in the upper row of the LCD. If the dialog text does not fit in the LCD’s upper row, it starts scrolling after three seconds. You can scroll the dialog text manually with the appropriate control (see assignment tables in the chapter for your device). Once you start scrolling the text manually, automatic scrolling is disabled.  If the control surface has an Enter or OK button, it triggers the dialog’s default button, where applicable.  If the control surface has a Cancel or Exit button, it triggers the button labeled Cancel or Abort, where applicable.  All buttons in the modal dialog (push buttons, including Enter/default and Cancel, as well as checkboxes and radio buttons, but not pop-up menus) appear in the display’s lower row. Pressing a control surface button below the display triggers the appropriate function in the dialog, if applicable. Once you press an Enter/Cancel button on the control surface or click its counterpart on the computer screen, the dialog disappears, and all controls and displays return to their previous state. When an File Open dialog appears onscreen, the message There is a file select dialog on the screen appears on the control surface display (if applicable to your unit). 34 Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup Usage Tips You may find that using control surfaces changes the way you use Logic Express, and you can get the most effective use from them if you modify your working methods slightly. The following collection of hints may help to smooth and streamline your Logic Express/control surface workflow. Customize Your Templates  Set up screensets 1–7 as your most frequently used screensets. You can access these directly on some control surfaces (on a Mackie Control, for example, you can access them with Function Keys F1 to F7, while Function Key 8 (F8) closes the top-most window).  It is recommended that you assign a full-screen Arrange window, with track automation view set to on (for all tracks), as one of your screensets.  A full-screen Mixer window is also recommended as another screenset. Make Use of Markers Markers allow you to quickly navigate from location to location in a project. Most control surfaces feature a number of shortcuts that allow you to rapidly move between markers, which is an extremely fast way to navigate through your projects. Markers are also useful for the creation or selection of cycle areas and a number of other tasks, such as punch and replace recording. If you tend to follow a particular song structure, or like to work with a particular number of bars (4, 8, 16 bars, and so on) for verse and chorus sections, then set up a number of markers at suitable locations in your project templates. Chapter 1 Basic Control Surface Setup 35 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 2 You can assign controllers to Logic Express parameters—and edit controller assignments to fit your workflow. This chapter describes how to assign controllers to Logic Express parameters, edit controller assignments, and use zones and modes to switch between groups of assignments. Assigning Controllers to Logic Express Parameters You can assign any controller that is capable of generating a MIDI message to a parameter in Logic Express. Assigning controllers to Logic Express parameters lets you use faders, knobs, switches, and other controllers to remotely control Logic Express functions. These can be used “as is,” or in conjunction with modifier keys. Most supported control surfaces include preset controller assignments—which become active as soon as you add the device to your system. You can change existing assignments for supported control surfaces, and create new assignments for both supported and unsupported devices. To provide you with an example: the default assignments of the F1 to F7 buttons on the Mackie Control open screensets 1 to 7 in Logic Express. You can reassign these function keys to other commands—either alone or in conjunction with the Command, Shift, Option, or Control keys—in any combination. You can assign controllers to parameters in the Controller Assignments window, using the Learn process. The Controller Assignments window has two views: a compact Easy view, in which you can assign channel strip and plug-in parameters. The more extensive Expert view enables you to create and edit any type of controller assignment, including global, automation, and control surface group assignments. 37 Working in Easy View Easy view allows you to see, and assign, controllers to channel strip and plug-in parameters, and to change the track that assignments apply to. Assignment of controllers to channel strip and plug-in parameters is achieved with the Learn process. The Easy view of the Controller Assignments window contains the following fields and buttons:  Expert View button: Click to open the Expert view of the Controller Assignments window.  Back/Forward buttons: Click to move back and forth between assignments.  Link button: When active, the assignment that matches the most recently received MIDI message is automatically selected.  Parameter field: Displays the name of the selected parameter.  Channel Strip menu: Choose whether the assignment applies to the selected track, or matches the channel strip number entered into the field beside the menu (as shown in the Mixer’s All view).  Input message field: Displays the incoming MIDI message data of the controller being assigned to a function. Note: Only one set of assignment parameters is visible at a time in Easy view. 38 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments To assign a controller in Easy view: 1 In the Mixer, or in any plug-in window, click the parameter that you want Logic Express to learn as a controller assignment. 2 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Learn Assignment for . Alternately, you can use the Learn new Controller Assignment key command, default: Command-L) to open the Controller Assignments window, and activate Learn mode. The Controller Assignments window opens in Easy view, with the Learn Mode button activated. In most cases, the name of the clicked parameter is shown in the Parameter field. Note: The Controller Assignments window view mode is memorized. If the Expert view was active when you closed the window, it will display the Expert view when reopened. 3 Move the controller you want to assign to the selected parameter. Moving the controller sends a MIDI message to Logic Express, which appears in the “Input message” field. The Learn Mode button remains active, allowing you to make further assignments. 4 To make another assignment, select the parameter you want to assign in Logic Express, then move the desired controller on the control surface. 5 When you have finished, click the Learn Mode button (or press Command-L) to complete the Learn process, and exit learning mode. An alternative learning method: 1 Press Command-L to open the Controller Assignments window. 2 Hold down the desired modifier (Command, for example) key as you click the parameter you want to assign, while moving the control. 3 Click the Learn Mode button to complete the Learn process. If Logic Express receives a MIDI message from the device while you are holding down the modifier key, releasing the key deactivates the Learn Mode button and completes the Learn process. If you release the modifier key before Logic Express receives a MIDI message, the Learn Mode button remains active, so you can still move a controller to send a MIDI message. In this situation, be sure to click the Learn Mode button when you are finished—to end the Learn process. To delete a controller assignment in Easy view: m Choose the assignment you want to erase in the Controller Assignments window (Easy view), and click the Delete button. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 39 Assigning a Series of Controllers Logic Express includes a shortcut that makes it easy to assign a series of controllers to a series of similar parameters. You can use this shortcut to assign a series of faders to volume, or to assign a series of knobs to other channel strip parameters such as; pan, solo, or mute. You can even assign a series of controllers to a set of plug-in parameters. To assign a series of controllers to a series of parameters: 1 Following the standard assignment procedure, assign the first controller in the series to the first parameter (assign fader 1 to control volume for channel strip 1, for example). 2 Assign the last controller in the series to the last parameter (assign fader 16 to control volume for channel strip 16, for example). The number of controllers between the first and last in the series must match the number of parameters between the first and last parameter. A “Do you want to fill up in between?” dialog is shown. The dialog appears when the distance between the last two controllers matches the distance between tracks (or the number of parameters between the last two assigned, if dealing with plug-in parameters). In the above examples, the distance between 1 and 16 would equal 15. 3 Click OK to automatically fill the controllers between the first and last—with the corresponding assignments. Parameter assignment numbering (for plug-ins) is shown in the Plug-in window’s Control view. Note: You can only use shortcuts for knobs that send a single channel message, where the first data byte is the controller number, and the second data byte is the value. Alternatively, the controller number can be encoded in the MIDI channel, with a fixed first data byte. Consult the documentation that came with your device for information on its data structure. 40 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Working in Expert View You can make use of Expert view to make advanced controller assignments. This includes Logic Express parameters other than channel strip and plug-in parameters. As examples, you can assign controllers to global, automation, and control surface group parameters in Expert view. You can also extensively edit controller assignments in Expert view, and define zones and modes, which let you switch between groups of controllers. The Learn process opens the Controller Assignments window in Easy view, which shows the basic parameters for the current assignment. To make assignments other than channel strip or plug-in assignments (or to edit other assignment parameters), you need to switch to Expert view. ∏ Tip: You can only switch back to Easy view if a track or plug-in parameter is selected. To open the Controller Assignments window in Expert view: m Click the Expert view button. In Expert view, the Controller Assignments window contains the following fields, menus, and buttons—used to edit assignment parameters, and define zones and modes.  Zone list: Displays the available zones for the device. The first entry “(No Zone)” is for zoneless assignments—assignments that are always active, regardless of the active zone. Click a zone in the list to see its modes (in the Mode list), and current assignments (in the Control/Parameter list). You can also double-click a zone to rename it. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 41  Mode list: Displays the modes for the currently selected zone. The first entry “(No Mode)” is for modeless assignments. Click a mode in the list to see its assignments in the Control/Parameter list, and make it the selected zone’s active mode. You can also double-click a mode to rename it.  Control/Parameter list: Select the assignment you want to edit. The left column displays the name of the control, and the right column displays the name of the parameter being controlled (in an abbreviated form). The parameters of the selected assignment appear in the fields to the right of the list. See “Controller Assignment Parameters” on page 42. Note: You can select multiple assignments in the list, but only the parameters of the first selected assignment are displayed. When multiple assignments are selected: operations performed in the Edit menu can be applied to all selected assignments. All other operations only apply to the first assignment.  Controller Assignment Parameter: All aspects of the selected controller assignment parameter are shown—and can be changed—in this area.  Input Message: The port and MIDI input message can be altered directly. Some fields in this section are merely displays, and cannot be changed.  Value: The range of values, and response of the controller assignment to incoming messages, is determined in this area. Feedback to the display of control surfaces can also be determined here. Controller Assignment Parameters This section outlines each parameter shown in the right-hand fields of the Expert view. Detailed descriptions of each parameter can be found in “Editing Controller Assignments in Expert View” on page 47. Controller Assignment Parameter Section  Control name field: Displays the name of the controller for supported devices. For unsupported devices, displays “Learned”.  Label field: Displays characters which represent the label for the assignment on the control surface’s display. You can view this much like a scribble strip on a mixer.  Flip Group field: Enter an integer to define a flip group for the assignment.  Class pop-up menu: Choose the class of parameter (parameter type) you want to assign. Note: Depending on the class you choose, different fields and menus for that class appear below the Class pop-up menu. See below:  Parameter/Mode pop-up menu/field: Dependent on your selection in the Class popup menu, you can choose from dozens of different parameters/modes. The options available will change as different classes are selected. 42 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments  Group/Track/Command/Key field/menu: These options will also change as different Class menu options are selected.  Bank Type pop-up menu: This menu determines the bank relationship of the assigned parameter. This can be as per the Group setting, By One, or By Bank. Input Message Section  MIDI Input pop-up menu: Choose a MIDI input source (MIDI Port or Caps Lock Keyboard). This can be changed by incoming MIDI messages—shown in the Value Change field.  Value Change field: Displays incoming MIDI messages that cause a value change.  Touch/Release field: Enter an integer value to force incoming MIDI messages to change the touch/release status of the selected parameter. This only applies to control surfaces that offer touch-sensitive controls—where touching or releasing a fader, for example, will enable/disable the reception of data from the control surface. Value Section  Min and Max fields: Enter integer values—to set the range of incoming MIDI values.  Format pop-up menu: Choose the format used to encode negative values.  Multiply field: Enter a value—which will scale incoming MIDI values.  Mode pop-up menu: Choose the mode used by incoming values—to modify the current parameter value. Feedback pop-up menu and checkboxes: Choose the display format of the parameter value (on the control surface display, if applicable). Note: For detailed information about each parameter, see “Editing Controller Assignments in Expert View” on page 47. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 43 Assigning Controllers in Expert View Expert view allows you to assign controllers as you would in Easy view—using the Learn process. You can also (manually) assign controllers to Logic Express parameter classes that are not accessible in Easy view. To assign a controller to a non channel strip or plug-in parameter: 1 Open the Controller Assignments window in Expert view. 2 Choose the desired zone and/or mode (unless you want to make a modeless assignment), and click the plus button at the lower-left corner of the Control/Parameter list. A new, blank assignment appears in the Control/Parameter list. 3 Click the Learn Mode button to start the Learn process. 4 Move the controller that you want to assign (to the selected parameter). Moving the controller sends a MIDI message to Logic Express (thus “teaching” Logic Express which controller you are assigning). The MIDI message appears in the Input message field. The Learn Mode button remains active, allowing you to make further assignments. 5 Once Logic Express has received the message, choose the class of parameter you want to assign from the Class pop-up menu. 6 Assign the parameter by making appropriate choices in the menus and fields that appear below the Class menu. Note: A detailed explanation of classes and other assignment parameters can be found in “Editing Controller Assignments in Expert View” on page 47. 7 When you are finished, click the Learn Mode button (or press Command-L) to complete the Learn process. You can use the shortcut—described in “Assigning a Series of Controllers” on page 40—to assign a series of controllers to a series of similar parameters. To delete an assignment in Expert view: 1 Select the assignment that you want to delete in the Control/Parameter list. 2 Choose Edit > Delete in the main menu bar (or press the Backspace key). 44 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments About Zones and Modes You can define a group of controllers as a zone in Expert view, and switch all controls in a zone to different parameters—in one operation. Using a Mackie Control as an example; you can define the eight rotary encoders as a zone, and switch them between pan, send level, or plug-in parameters. You can define multiple zones for a control surface: one for the encoders, and a second one that switches the function keys (F1 to F8) to different commands or operations, for example. Each set of zone parameters is called a mode. A zone can contain one or more modes. Only one mode can be the active mode at any given time. A zone can also contain assignments which are always active, regardless of the active mode (these are known as modeless assignments). The simultaneous use of modal and modeless assignments allows you to do things such as:  Define a zone that switches between two modes (or functions) by pressing/releasing the Option button while using a particular Function key.  Define a zone that allows you to use modeless assignments for tasks such as updating the display, Transport functions, and Save or Undo operations. The same zone could contain a modal assignment for all Volume and Pan controls. Switching to another mode would provide access to EQ parameters. In both modal situations, the display, Transport and Save/Undo functions would be available. A mode can contain any number of assignments. Only the assignments for the active mode are processed by Logic Express. Assignments of inactive modes are ignored. You can switch the active mode for a zone by using special assignments (see below). Zones and modes can be defined across multiple control surfaces, to support the use of control surface groups. The following list illustrates one possible arrangement of zones and modes, which shows how you can define them, hierarchically: Zone 1 Zone 2 Modeless Assignment A Modeless Assignment B Mode 3 (inactive) Modal Assignment A Mode 1 (inactive) Modal Assignment A Modal Assignment B Mode 4 (active) Modal Assignment A Mode 2 (active) Modal Assignment A Modal Assignment B Modal Assignment C Mode 5 (inactive) Modal Assignment A Modal Assignment B Modal Assignment C Modal Assignment D Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 45 Defining Zones and Modes You can only define Zones and Modes in Expert view. To define a zone: 1 Click the Add button at the lower-left corner of the Zone list. A new, blank zone appears in the Zone list. It is highlighted, allowing you to immediately rename it. 2 Type in a name for the zone. If you would like to add controllers to a zone, see “Assigning Controllers in Expert View” on page 44. To define a mode: 1 Click the Add button at the lower-left corner of the Mode list. A new, blank mode appears in the Mode list. It is highlighted, allowing you to immediately rename it. 2 Type in a name for the mode. If you would like to add controllers to a mode, see “Assigning Controllers in Expert View” on page 44. 46 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Reassigning a Controller The procedure for reassigning an active controller (an assigned controller in the active mode) is different to that for an inactive controller (one with an assignment in a non active mode). Reassigning an Active Controller When you use the Learn process to assign an active controller (one with an assignment in the active mode), a dialog is shown:  Cancel: Deletes the new assignment, retaining the existing assignment.  Keep both: Retains the new and old assignments. Typical usage: one knob controls multiple parameters—as a macro.  Reassign: Deletes all existing active assignments for this parameter. Typical usage: reassigning a function key (F1 to F8, for example) to a new key command. Reassigning an Inactive Controller When you use the Learn process to assign a controller in an inactive mode, the new assignment becomes part of the active mode—in the zone that contained the previous, inactive assignment. This is typically used as follows: Supported control surfaces generally have empty user pages available, allowing for new encoder assignments. You would select a particular user page mode (page 3, for example), and then learn an assignment for the encoder. Editing Controller Assignments in Expert View You can edit the following parameters for the selected assignment, in the fields to the right of the Controller Assignments window. Control Name Field Shows the name of the control. For supported devices, the control surface name is used. For assignments created with the Learn process on unsupported control surfaces, the control name defaults to “Learned”. You can enter a new name in the field. The control name is for display only, and has no effect on functionality. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 47 Label Field For supported control surfaces, shows characters that represent the label for the assignment that appears on the control surface display. Unsupported control surfaces can only send information, not receive it, and cannot display an assignment label. If the field contains constant text, it can contain any number of characters. When used as a placeholder for dynamically created text, however, the field contains three characters that represent the label. The first character is always @, followed by two additional characters. The following tables show the possible meanings for the second and third characters. Second Character Character Meaning t Track s Send slot S Number of sends e EQ band E Number of EQs p Insert slot i Instrument Third Character Character Meaning # Number of above (track number, Send slot, EQ band, Insert slot) n Name of above p Name of parameter addressed by the assignment P Name of first parameter o Parameter offset, counted from 1 O Maximum parameter offset, counted from 1 b Parameter bank (= parameter offset/bank size), counted from 1 B Total number of banks (= parameter offset/bank size), counted from 1 For example, “Send@s#” translates as “Send1,” “Send2,” and so on. 48 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Flip Group Field Enter the same integer value for two assignments, to define a counterpart for Flip mode (for supported control surfaces that offer Flip mode). By setting a fader and an encoder to the same flip group, for example, they are coupled. To set “none” enter a value of 0. For unsupported devices: you need to set up two active assignments, which both use the same flip group; one assignment needs to be absolute (using a fader, for example), the other relative (encoder, for example). Exclusive Checkbox When selected, the assignment will deactivate all other assignments that have Exclusive disabled for the same control (on supported control surfaces). This limits modeless assignments to particular modes. To provide you with an example: Faders normally control volume. To create a mode where faders control the send level, enable Exclusive. Class Menu Choose the class of assignment (the type of destination parameter controlled) from the menu. Different options appear below the Class pop-up menu when you choose a class. The following section describes the different classes, and the options for each. Mode Change Choosing the Mode Change class lets you use an assignment to switch from one mode to another. An additional Mode pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, allowing you to choose between available modes. For example: The assignment buttons on a Mackie Control can be used to choose different modes for the encoders. Note: The mode chosen in the Mode menu is only activated when the Value section: Mode menu is set to Direct. If any of the other Value section: Mode menu options is chosen, the following applies:  Toggle: The assignment toggles between the zone’s first mode and the chosen mode. The mode change assignment must be located in the same zone.  Relative: Useful for stepping up and down through modes in a zone—using two buttons—or for choosing a mode with an encoder. The minimum destination parameter represents this zone’s first mode, and the maximum represents the zone’s last mode. The mode change assignment must be located in the same zone.  Rotate: Useful for stepping through all modes with a single button. A jog wheel, for example: Off → Scrub → Shuttle → Off. The minimum destination parameter represents this zone’s first mode, and the maximum represents the zone’s last mode. The mode change assignment must be located in the same zone. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 49 Global Choosing the Global class lets you use an assignment to control global parameters. A Parameter pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, offering the parameters listed in the following table. Global Options Explanation Playhead This assignment controls the position of the playhead; Feedback is sent in the format chosen in the control surface group’s Clock Display parameter. Playhead (Beats) As above, but feedback is sent in beats format. Playhead (Time Code) As above, but feedback is sent in SMPTE time code format. Playhead (Beats, Scrubbing) Moving the controller doesn’t set the playhead position, but initiates scrubbing. The format is defined by the control surface group format parameter. The controller value defines the scrubbing speed. Move Locators Moves left and right locators. Left Locator Sets left locator. Right Locator Sets right locator. Move Punch Locators Moves punch in and punch out locators. Punch In Locator Sets punch in locator. Punch Out Locators Sets punch out locator. Marker Position Edits position of current marker. Marker Length Edits length of current marker. Note: All options listed in the table above only work in relative mode—where changes are relative to the starting value or position. See the “Clock Part” sub-parameter. 50 Global Options Explanation Nudge selected Regions/Events Nudges the selected regions or events by the chosen nudge value (see below). Any Solo Feedback only. On if any (track or region) Solo button is active Nudge Value Controls the nudge value used for Nudge selected Regions/Events. Switches between tick, division, beat, bar, frame, 1/2 frame. Scrub Status Sets the scrubbing status for the Playhead parameter (beats, scrubbing). Possible values are: set clock, audio scrubbing, shuttle. Automation of all tracks Switches the automation status of all tracks between the following values: off, read, touch, latch, write. Alert Text, Alert Button, Alert Icon Used by plug-ins to define special alert mode. This is mainly of use to control surface developers. Dummy Used to temporarily disable a modeless assignment, by using the Exclusive checkbox. See “Exclusive Checkbox” on page 49. Cycle Toggles the Cycle function on and off. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Global Options Explanation Autopunch Toggles the Autopunch function on and off. Go to Marker Allows you to move the playhead to a marker number. An additional number field below the Parameter menu is used to determine the destination marker number. Group Clutch Sets the automation group clutch; Automation groups are disabled when the clutch is enabled. For buttons, set the group clutch to 1 when the button is pressed, and set it to 0 when the button is released. Active Sense Used by some control surfaces (such as the HUI) to process incoming MIDI Active Sensing messages. Shuttle Speed Sets the shuttle (forward and backward) speed directly. Use this for controllers (usually knobs) that send an absolute—not relative—value. Waveform Zoom Sets the waveform zoom level in the (key focus) Arrange area. Quantize value Sets the Quantize value in the key focus window (if this parameter is available). Division Sets the Division value in the key focus window (if this parameter is available). Horizontal Zoom Sets horizontal zoom in the key focus window (if this parameter is available). Vertical Zoom Sets vertical zoom in the key focus window (if this parameter is available). Channel Strip Choosing the Channel Strip class lets you use an assignment to set a channel strip parameter. A Channel Strip pop-up menu appears below the Class menu, offering the following parameters. Channel Strip Type Explanation Selected track This normally corresponds to the selected Arrange track. Exception: If the control surface group’s Track Lock parameter is enabled, the selected track is the one that was selected when Track Lock was enabled Fader Bank This addresses a channel strip in the control surface group’s current View mode (Arrange, All, Tracks, Single). This is dependent on the current Fader Bank value for this mode (see below). Example: The View mode is All, the All view Fader Bank is five, and the number next to this parameter is two. Thus, the eighth channel strip in the All view is addressed (Fader Bank and No. are 0-based, so add 1). Index Same as the Fader Bank setting, but doesn’t depend on the current Fader Bank value. Audio An audio channel. The numerical value (No.) determines which audio channel is addressed (again: 0-based; to address audio channel 2, use a value of 1). Software Instrument Same as Audio setting, for software instrument channel strips. Bus Same as Audio setting, for bus channel strips. Auxiliary Same as Audio setting, for auxiliary channel strips. Output Same as Audio setting, but for output channel strips. Master The Master channel strip; If it does not exist in the project, the first output channel strip is addressed. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 51 If you choose the Fader Bank, Index, Audio, Software Instrument, Bus, Auxiliary, Output, or Master setting in the Channel Strip pop-up menu, the following two parameters become available:  Number field: A 0-based offset, which is added to the channel strip number. Typically, this field is used for sequential controls: Fader 1 uses offset 0, Fader 2 uses offset 1, and so on.  Parameter field: Text description of the addressed parameter. Can only be set by choosing the Logic Express > Preferences > Learn Assignment for menu item. Note that for plug-in and instrument parameters, Parameter Page offsets apply, allowing you to shift the parameter addressing up and down by “pages.” Key Choosing the Key class lets you use assignments to emulate computer keyboard keystrokes. You define the key you want to emulate in the Key field, which appears below the Class menu. This is not case-sensitive. Key Command Choosing the Key Command class lets you use an assignment to perform a key command. You define the desired key command in the Command field, which appears below the Class menu. Some key commands provide on/off or enabled/disabled feedback. If you want your key command assignment to be executed repeatedly, select the Key Repeat checkbox at the bottom of the Controller Assignments window. For further information, see “Key Repeat Checkbox” on page 57. Click the Show button to open the Key Commands window. The key command shown in the Command field is automatically selected/shown in the Key Commands window. 52 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Control Surface Group Choosing the Control Surface Group class allows you to set a property for the control surface group (that the assignment belongs to). When you choose this class, a Parameter menu appears below the Class menu. This menu allows you to choose one of the options described in “Control Surface Group Parameters” on page 24, or one from those listed in the following table. Note: Assignments for unsupported control surfaces always belong to the first control surface group. Parameter Option Additional Info Fader Bank for Current View Maps to the fader bank for the currently used (Mixer) View mode. This way, you need only one assignment per left/right button for all View modes. Filter for All View When this parameter is selected, eight additional checkboxes—for the eight channel strip types—are displayed, when the View mode is All. Depending on the Value Mode, these switches define which channel strips are displayed (by using Direct mode) or which are toggled (by using X-OR mode). These fader bank parameters are used in All View—when only one Fader Bank for: channel strip type is displayed. This allows you to switch between several MIDI Channel Strips channel strip types, while retaining the current fader bank for each type. Input Channel Strips Audio Channel Strips Instrument Channel Strips Aux Channel Strips Bus Channel Strips Output Channel Strips If you choose one of the fader bank or parameter page settings in the Parameter menu, the following Bank Type options appear below the menu.  By One: The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by one channel strip or parameter.  By Bank: The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by the number of displayed channel strips or parameters.  CS Group Setting: The fader bank or parameter page is shifted by the value defined for the Parameter Page Shift Mode control surface group parameter. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 53 Automation Group Choosing the Automation Group class allows you to use an assignment to set an automation group parameter. When this class is chosen, a Group field appears below the Class menu. You can determine the edited group by entering a number in the field. Entering a “0” sets this parameter to the group selected for the Automation Group parameter (in the control surface group parameters). A Parameter menu also appears below the Group field, allowing you to choose the automation group parameter for the assignment. For further information, see the Group Settings section of the Logic Express 8 User Manual. Input Message Section The parameters in this section let you control different aspects of MIDI input. MIDI Input Pop-up Menu When you choose a MIDI input (port) from the menu, all assignments that use the same input are changed accordingly. If the assignment belongs to a supported control surface, the device’s MIDI Input also changes in the Setup window. This makes it easy for you to create default assignments for a new control surface. These new assignments can be moved to other Logic systems by copying your com.apple.Logic.cs preferences file. Simply paste this preference file into the Preferences folder of another Macintosh, open the Controller Assignments window in Expert view, and change the MIDI Input parameter of one assignment (as applicable to the MIDI setup of the computer). Value Change Field Shows incoming MIDI messages that cause a value change in the destination parameter, and lets you edit these MIDI messages. The Value Change field displays the message as a sequence of hexadecimal bytes. The plain language meaning appears below the field. The placeholders for the variable part of the message are:  Lo7: Low 7 bits of the value (LSB or Least Significant Bits)  Hi7: High 7 bits of the value (MSB or Most Significant Bits) For messages containing only a Lo7 placeholder, the value is treated as 7-bit. For messages containing both a Lo7 and Hi7 placeholder, the value is treated as 14-bit. The order of Lo7 and Hi7 is honored, and there may be constant bytes in-between. This allows you to define Control Change LSB and MSB portions. For example: B0 08 Hi7 B0 28 Lo7 indicates a 14-bit message. 54 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Note: When you enter multiple MIDI messages, always enter each message completely, being sure to repeat the status byte, even if it’s the same. It may help to write out the message—to ensure that the correct byte works, as you can’t know what status the previously sent message had. For messages containing neither Lo7 or Hi7 placeholders, Logic Express assumes an incoming value of 1. This is typical for pressed or released buttons. Also see the Multiply Field (p. 56) section below. Touch/Release Field Enter an integer value to use the incoming MIDI message for status changes of the destination parameter—from touched to released, or vice versa. A non-zero value means touched; a value of 0 means released. The messages are shown and edited in the same way as the Value Change field (see the Value Change section above). Note: This only applies to the Channel Strip assignment class, and to parameters that can be automated. Value Section The parameters in this section let you control different aspects of incoming MIDI message values. Min and Max Fields Enter an integer value to set the minimum and maximum range for incoming values represented by Lo7 and Hi7. Typically, the minimum defaults to 0, and the maximum defaults to 127. Some control surfaces (such as the CM Labs Motor Mix) may use the same message—with different value ranges—for different controls. For more specific information, refer to the documentation of your device. Format Pop-up Menu Choose the encoding format for negative values in the 7-bit portions sent via MIDI. The choices are:  Unsigned: No negative values are possible. The full 7 or 14-bit range is treated as a positive number. The value range is 0 to 127 (7-bit) or 0 to 16383 (14-bit).  2's complement: If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To obtain the absolute value, invert all bits and add 1. The value range is from –128 (7-bit) to 127 or –8192 to 8191 (14-bit).  1's complement: If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To set the absolute value, invert all bits. Note that this allows two possible encoding values for zero. The value range is –127 to 127 (7-bit) or –8191 to 8191 (14-bit).  Sign Magnitude: If the most significant bit is set, the value is negative. To set the absolute value, clear the most significant bit. Note that this allows two possible encoding values for zero. This results in a value range of –127 to 127 (7-bit) or –8191 to 8191 (14-bit). Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 55 The appropriate format for a device is usually specified in its documentation. If unavailable, check the control surface manufacturer’s website, or contact the device manufacturer for more information. Multiply Field Enter a scaling value for incoming values. This is especially useful for button presses that have a value of 1. As examples:  To set the automation mode to Write, set Multiply to 4.00, and Mode to Direct.  To decrement a parameter by 1 with a button press, set Multiply to –1.00, and Mode to Relative. Mode Pop-up Menu Choose the mode used by incoming values—to modify the current parameter value. The choices are:  Direct: The incoming value is used as the parameter value.  Toggle: If the parameter’s current value is 0, it is set to the incoming value. All other values set the parameter value to 0. This option is useful for buttons which toggle a value: Mute, Solo, and so on.  Scaled: The incoming value is scaled; from its value range to the destination parameter’s value range. This is useful for faders and rotary encoders.  Relative: The incoming value is added to the parameter’s current value. Used by encoders, but also for buttons that increment/decrement by a certain amount (as set with the Multiply parameter).  Rotate: The incoming value is added to the parameter’s current value—cycling between maximum and minimum values. This is useful for button presses that cycle between modes: automation mode, for example.  X-OR: The value defines a bit mask (a filter, in other words), which is applied to the parameter’s current value with the “exclusive or” Boolean operation. Useful for enabling/disabling single channel strip types in All view. For On/Off parameters of supported control surfaces, Mode is set to Toggle by default. The Mode is set (by default) to Scaled for absolute controls (faders and pots, for example), or to Relative for encoders. 56 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Feedback Pop-up Menu Choose the display format for the parameter’s current value (on the control surface display). The choices are:  None: No feedback is sent.  Single Dot/Line: LED rings: only one LED; LCDs: a single vertical line.  Left to Right Bar: A bar from the minimum to the current value.  Bar from Center: A bar from the center position to the current value.  Right to Left Bar: A bar from the current to the maximum value.  Q/Spread: Two equal bars from the center to the current value.  Ascending Bar: A bar from the bottom to the current value.  Descending Bar: A bar from the top to the current value.  Text Only: LED rings: no feedback; LCDs: no feedback as a graphic element.  Automatic: Dependent on the currently assigned parameter, the most suitable feedback mode is used: The integrated plug-in and instrument parameters contain this information, Pan uses Single Dot/Line, all other parameters use Left to Right Bar. Note: Feedback only works for supported control surfaces, and not all settings are available for all controls. Text Feedback Checkbox When selected, a text representation of the current value is sent to the control surface display. The control surface display facilities determine the positioning and number of characters that are used. Local Feedback (Fader/Knob) Checkbox When selected, no feedback is sent while the parameter is in Touched mode. This prevents motorized faders from “fighting” you when you move them. Key Repeat Checkbox When selected, the assignment is repeatedly executed. The Key Repeat Rate slider—set in the Mac OS X Keyboard & Mouse preferences—determines how quickly Logic Express repeats the assignment. The duration that the button/controller must be held for, before the assignment is repeated, is set with the Delay Until Repeat slider in the Keyboard & Mouse preferences. Example: This facility is particularly useful for the zoom function: If you assign a key repeat command to the Zoom buttons on the Mackie Control, you can simply hold down the Zoom In button. Logic Express will zoom in until the Zoom In button is released. This mirrors the behavior of the Zoom key commands. The alternative would be repeated presses of the (Mackie Control) Zoom buttons to zoom in/out more than one level. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 57 Note: The Key Repeat checkbox is only available for key commands, key presses, and relative value changes. If any other assignment class is selected, the checkbox is dimmed. The default key command assignments support the Key Repeat function (if useful and/ or applicable to the control surface/device)—making changes unnecessary for use of this functionality. If you want to enable the Key Repeat function for your own assignments, you may need to use the re-learn option for the assigned message. Key Repeat messages must include the Lo7 byte, which provides information on the up (released) or down (pressed) state of the assigned button. Logic Express guides you through the re-learning process: The current MIDI message is automatically cleared, Learn mode is activated, and a help tag prompts you to send the desired MIDI message. Releasing the assigned button—after learning the MIDI message—automatically creates the Lo7 byte, and assigns the Lo7 value (for the button release message) to the Min parameter. The Lo7 value for the button pressed message is automatically assigned to the Max parameter. Typically, the value range of 1 to 127 is used for the button pressed message. The zero (0) value is generally used for the button released message. Note: Some control surfaces may use different value ranges (CM Labs MotorMix, for example). Assigning appropriate Min and Max values ensures that key repeat will work with such devices. This, however, means that you need to take care when manually changing the Min or Max value for a key command (in cases where the Min and Max values do not match the button pressed (on) and button release (off ) states, the complete assignment will not work). Please consult your control surface manual for further information about the values it uses. 58 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments Assigning Buttons to Key Commands In addition to assigning controllers to parameters, you can assign control surface buttons—and button or key release messages—to key commands. To assign a control surface button to a key command: 1 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Key Commands to open the Key Commands window. 2 In the Command list, click the disclosure triangle next to the desired category. This reveals the commands in the category, allowing you to select the key command you want to assign. You can also search for the desired key command in the Search field. 3 Click the Learn New Assignment button. 4 Press the (control surface) button that you want to assign to the key command. This sends a MIDI message to Logic Express. The name of the controller appears in the Assignments field. 5 You can repeat steps 2 to 4 to make additional assignments, if desired. 6 When you are finished, click the Close button to exit the window. Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 59 To assign a button or key release message to a key command: 1 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Key Commands to open the Key Commands window. 2 In the Command list, click the disclosure triangle to reveal the commands for a category, then select the key command you want to assign (or use the Search field). 3 Press—and hold—the (control surface) button or key that you want to assign to the key command. 4 Click the Learn New Assignment button. 5 Release the button or key. The name of the button or key appears in the Assignments field. 6 When you are finished, click the Close button to exit the window. To delete a key command assignment: 1 In the Key Commands window, select the key command (with an assignment that you want to delete) in the Command list. 2 Select the assignment for the key command in the Assignments field. 3 Press the Backspace key. Controller Assignments Storage The current controller assignments and all Control Surfaces preferences are stored in the ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.Logic.express.cs file. You do not need to specifically save controller assignments or related preferences and settings. These are automatically stored (in the location mentioned above) when you exit Logic Express. 60 Chapter 2 Customizing Controller Assignments 3 Mackie Control 3 You can fully control Logic Express with a Mackie Control, and can extend its functionality with several expansion devices. The information in this chapter applies to the Mackie Control Universal, the original Mackie Control, the Logic Control, and the Mackie (or Logic) Control Extender (XT). The term “Mackie Control” is used for all of these devices throughout the chapter. The controls of the Mackie Control are physically grouped into different areas, called zones. Each zone is clearly labeled, and distinguished by different shades of gray on the device. The following descriptions of Mackie Control features and functions is organized by these zones. Setting Up Your Mackie Control When you open Logic Express, it automatically detects any powered Mackie Control unit that is connected to your system. You can use the Mackie Control immediately— with the default settings—or can customize settings, as described in “Basic Control Surface Setup” on page 15, and in “Customizing Controller Assignments” on page 37. 61 Using the Mackie Control With Logic Express There are many ways that you can use the Mackie Control in Logic Express. One simple workflow example involves the following steps: 1 With your project open in the Arrange window, select the channel strips you want to control by pressing the Fader Bank buttons on the Mackie Control. See “Fader Bank Zone” on page 82 for more information. 2 Select the parameters you want to edit, and whether you want to edit multiple channels (Mixer view) or a single channel (Channel view), using the Assignment buttons. See “Assignment Zone” on page 68 for more information. 3 Start playback, and move the playhead to the position where you want to work, using the Mackie Control Transport buttons and Jog Wheel. See “Transport Zone” on page 89 and “Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone” on page 98 for more information. 4 Edit the project with the channel strip controls. See “Channel Strip Controls” on page 65 for more information. Display Zone The display zone, located along the top of the Mackie Control, features four displays. Each shows different information:  Main Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)  Assignment display  Time display  Solo LED Main Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) The main LCD is divided into eight sections (or columns, if you prefer), each with two lines of text. Each section displays information for the channel strip controls directly below it. The information displayed on the main LCD changes—dependent on the parameters you are editing—and whether Mixer view or Channel view is active. In general, the upper row of each section displays the (abbreviated) track/channel name, and the lower row displays the (abbreviated) parameter name and/or its value. In some modes, a long parameter name (or other text) appears briefly onscreen while you are moving the corresponding control. You can set the display and duration of long parameter names in the Control Surfaces preferences. For information on setting preferences, refer to “Basic Control Surface Setup” on page 15. Note: On the LCD, 8-bit ASCII characters such as curly quotes and umlauts are replaced with the best-possible 7-bit ASCII equivalent. 62 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Assignment Display The LED Assignment display (also referred to as the mode display), to the right of the main LCD, shows a two-digit abbreviation of the current assignment state. A period (.) appears at the bottom-right corner of the display when Channel view is active. Time Display The Time display, to the right of the Assignment display, shows the current playhead position, either in musical time divisions (BEATS) or in SMPTE time code format (SMPTE). A small LED to the left of the display indicates the current display format.  When the format is set to Beats, the four segments of the Time display show the current playhead position as bars, beats, beat sub-divisions, and ticks.  When the format is set to SMPTE, the four segments of the Time display show the current playhead position as hours, minutes, seconds, and frames. You can switch between formats by pressing the SMPTE/BEATS button directly below the display. You can also set the default format with the Clock Display parameter in the Control Surface Setup window. Information on this (and other configuration options) is found in “Configuring Your Control Surface Setup” on page 23. Solo LED The Solo LED (“Rude Solo” on the Mackie Control), located at the right edge of the display zone, is lit when any channel strip is set to solo, or Solo mode is enabled. It is a helpful reminder in situations where you have soloed a channel strip, and then switched the fader bank, resulting in the Solo LED (of the soloed channel strip) being hidden on the control surface. Display Buttons These buttons, located just below the left edge of the Time display, affect what you see in the main LCD and Time display. Name/Value Press the NAME/VALUE button to switch between the two parameter display formats (either the parameter name or value is shown) on the main LCD. Pressing the NAME/VALUE button while holding the SHIFT button cycles through three level meter modes on the main LCD:  Vertical: In this mode, the last character of each channel (in both LCD rows) is overlaid by a vertical bar which shows the channel level. The text characters reappear when the level meter is not visible. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 63  Horizontal with Peak Hold: In this mode, the lower row of the LCD is replaced by horizontal channel level bars. Peak Hold appears as a hollow box, which disappears after a few seconds. Signal overloads (clipping) are indicated by an asterisk—which remains on LCD display until cleared (see below).  Off: In this mode, no level meter bars are displayed in the main LCD. In all three modes, the SIGNAL LEDs of the channel strips function as per usual, indicating the presence of a signal. Pressing the NAME/VALUE button while holding the CONTROL button clears any overload (clipping) indicators in the Logic Express Mixer, and in the LCD of the Mackie Control (if the Horizontal with Peak Hold mode is active). Pressing the NAME/VALUE button while holding the x/ALT or OPTION buttons enters Control Surface Group Settings mode. This mode lets you edit the following control surface group settings—some of which are not accessible with a single button: Control Action V-POT 5 Sets the track name display format.  Name: Displays the track name only.  No:Name: Displays the track number and name. V-POT 6 Switches Channel view to Lock mode.  Off: The standard mode, where selecting a channel strip makes it the active (currently being edited) channel strip.  On: Locks the active channel strip. Selection of another channel strip has no impact on the channel strip being edited. When you switch from On to Off, the channel strip is also updated. V-POT 7 Switches the LCD display format.  Name: The upper line of the LCD displays global info, and the lower line displays parameter names.  Value: The upper line of the LCD displays parameter names, and the lower line displays parameter values. Functionally, this is identical to pressing the NAME/VALUE button. V-POT 8 Switches the Clock display format.  Beats: Clock is displayed in bars, beats, beat sub-divisions, and ticks.  SMPTE: Clock is displayed in SMPTE format. Functionally, this is identical to pressing the SMPTE/BEATS button. Control Surface Group Settings mode can be exited by pressing NAME/VALUE, or by entering one of the Marker or Nudge modes. SMPTE/Beats Press the SMPTE/BEATS button, located just below the SMPTE/BEATS LEDs, to switch between the two time formats (SMPTE time or beats). For more information, see “Time Display” on page 63. 64 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Channel Strip Controls Directly below the main LCD display are eight sets of channel strip controls. You can use these to control Logic Express channel strip parameters, plug-in parameters, and other Logic Express functions. Each channel strip includes the following controls, which are described in the following sections:  V-Pot rotary encoder with button.  Rec/Ready button and LED.  Signal LED.  Solo button and LED.  Mute button and LED.  Select button and LED.  Touch-sensitive motorized fader. Each channel strip on the Mackie Control and Mackie Control XT units is identical. The following descriptions apply to both devices. V-Pot The V-Pot is a rotary encoder, with an integrated button (press down on the top of the encoder). You can use the V-Pot to adjust the channel’s send level and pan/balance (in Channel view), or to adjust effect or instrument plug-in parameters. The V-Pot can also be used to scroll through, and choose, items such as; plug-ins, software instruments and more from menus. It can also be used to determine send destinations. The faster you turn the V-Pot, the quicker it changes values, scrolls through menus, and so on. The top of each V-Pot has an integrated push button, which typically sets a default parameter value (where a parameter has more than two possible values) or switches between two parameter values (on/off ). The button can also be used to activate a function you have selected with the V-Pot. As an example, you can turn the V-Pot to scroll through a list of effect plug-ins for one of the channel Insert slots. Once the desired effect is displayed in the main LCD, press the top of the V-Pot to select and insert the effect, and open the plug-in window. The button is also sometimes used to switch to a special assignment mode. When a value or name (such as a plug-in) has been pre-selected, but not confirmed or instantiated, the value (or name) flashes on the main LCD—until you press the V-Pot button. The current value of the parameter you are adjusting with the V-Pot is displayed on the main LCD (dependent on the Name/Value setting), and is also indicated by the ring of LEDs encircling the V-Pot. The way that parameter values are displayed on the LED ring varies—depending on the type of parameter being displayed. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 65 Holding down the x/ALT button sets the V-Pots to high resolution (fine) mode, for parameters where this mode applies. Holding down the OPTION button and turning the V-Pot switches between the minimum, default, and maximum values for the parameter. Rec/Rdy (Record/Ready) Button Pressing the Rec/Ready button arms the channel strip for recording. If the channel is currently armed, pressing the Rec/Ready button disarms it. Each Rec/Ready button features a red LED, which is illuminated when the channel is armed for recording. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing the REC/RDY button of any channel disarms all channel strips. Signal LED The Signal LED indicates the presence of an outgoing MIDI or audio signal. During recording, it indicates the presence of an incoming signal. SOLO Button Pressing the Solo button solos the channel strip—which equates to muting all unsoloed channels. Each Solo button features an amber LED which is illuminated when the channel strip is soloed. The Rude Solo LED (on the right edge of the display zone) is also lit whenever any channel is soloed. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing any channel SOLO button disables solo for all channel strips. In the Send Destination/Level view (see “Send Button” on page 75), the SOLO button controls the Pre/Post mode selection—for both Mixer view and Channel view. MUTE Button Pressing the Mute button silences the channel. Each Mute button features a red LED which is lit when the channel is muted. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing any channel strip MUTE button unmutes all muted channel strips. In the EQ Frequency/Gain and Send Destination/Level views, the MUTE button controls the EQ bypass or Send Mute function. This affects both Mixer and Channel views. 66 Chapter 3 Mackie Control SELECT Button Pressing the Select button chooses (activates) the channel for channel-based editing or assignment commands. Each Select button features a green LED which is lit when the channel is selected. Holding down the SHIFT button while pressing a channel’s SELECT button sets the channel volume to unity level (0 dB). Note: While holding down SHIFT, the SELECT button LED indicates if the channel volume is set to 0 dB. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing the SELECT button of any channel creates a new track—assigned to the same channel strip as the selected track—and switches to Arrange view. Holding down the SHIFT and OPTION buttons while pressing a channel’s SELECT button creates a new track—with the next channel strip (the one following the selected track)—and switches to Arrange view. Touch-Sensitive Motorized Fader The motorized fader of each channel strip is generally used to control the channel level, just like a volume fader on a mixing console. You can, however, also assign the fader to control other parameters. Using Flip Mode Flip mode is activated by pressing the FLIP button, just above the MASTER fader. When Flip mode is activated, you can control the parameter which is currently assigned to the channel’s V-Pot with the fader. This allows you to more easily control pans, aux returns, MIDI track options, EQs, effect, software instrument, or other channel parameters. You can switch between channels being controlled with the eight faders, by pressing one of the CHANNEL or FADER BANK buttons (more on these a little later). Fader Behavior in Other Modes  In Flip mode: Duplicates or swaps parameters with the V-Pot on the same channel.  In EQ Frequency/Gain view: Adjusts the gain of the selected EQ band.  In Send Destination/Level Mixer view: Adjusts the send amount of the selected send.  In Send Destination/Level Channel view: Adjusts the send amount of the send—on the selected channel strip. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 67 Master Fader Controls the level of the master channel strip in the Logic Express Mixer. This raises or lowers the level of all output channel strips, without changing their relative levels. When no master channel strip exists in the project, the Mackie Control Master fader is mapped to output channel strip 1-2. If you use multiple audio systems simultaneously, the Master fader only controls the master channel strip of the first device (matching the order shown in the Audio preferences). Assignment Zone Directly below the Assignment LED are six ASSIGNMENT buttons. Press one of the ASSIGNMENT buttons to select the type of parameter that you want to control or edit—with the channel strip V-Pots, faders and switches. The corresponding LED is lit to indicate the currently active assignment, and the Assignment display shows a two-digit abbreviation of the assignment type. The ASSIGNMENT buttons work in both Single and All view. View modes are discussed in “Control Surface Group Parameters” on page 24. Assignment Modes Each ASSIGNMENT button has two views: Mixer view and Channel view. These views provide two ways to edit parameters in your project.  Mixer view: Displays, and allows you to edit, a single parameter in multiple channels.  Channel view: Displays, and allows you to edit, multiple parameters for a single channel. The mode display shows a period in the lower-right corner when Channel view is active. Pressing an ASSIGNMENT button once selects it, and switches to the Mixer view, except when switching between Instrument Edit view and Plug-in Edit view. In this case, the mode remains in Channel view. Note: For each of the ASSIGNMENT buttons: the parameters you can edit will change, depending on the active view mode. See the following sections for specific information on the parameter types shown for each assignment. The NAME/VALUE button also affects what is shown on the main LCD when in the Mixer and Channel views. More information in the “Function Key Zone” on page 84. 68 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Track Button Pressing the TRACK button selects Channel view—assigning the channel strip controls to edit channel strip parameters.  Press the TRACK button once to edit a single parameter in multiple channel strips, and to activate Mixer view.  Press the TRACK button again to edit multiple parameters for a single channel strip, and switch to Channel view. Mixer View Mixer view allows you to edit a single parameter in multiple channel strips: volume, pan, input format, input assignment, output assignment, or automation mode. When you switch to Mixer view, the parameter being edited is briefly displayed on the right side of the main LCD. The mode display shows tr (for track), and the upper row of the LCD shows track names. Press NAME/VALUE to display parameter values on the lower row of the LCD. These are shown when you turn a V-Pot, or press its button. You can use the following controls for editing in Mixer view.  Turning the V-Pots changes the associated channel strip parameter.  Pressing the button on a V-Pot sets the parameter to its default value.  The Cursor Left/Right buttons switch to the next or previous channel strip parameter. The selected parameter is displayed briefly in the upper row of the LCD. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Channel View Channel view allows you to edit the most important parameters for a single channel strip: volume, pan, instrument, Insert slot 1 assignment, Insert slot 2 assignment, Send 1 level, Send 2 level, and Send 3 level. When you switch to Channel view, the mode display shows “tr.”, and the upper row of the LCD shows the name of the channel strip. Press NAME/VALUE to show parameter names in the upper row, and parameter values in the lower row: Chapter 3 Mackie Control 69 The following table lists what each V-Pot edits in Channel view mode: Control Action V-Pot 1 Edits volume. The current value is shown in the lower row of the LCD. V-Pot 2 Edits pan. The current value appears in the lower row of the LCD. V-Pot 3 For software instrument tracks, turn to choose the instrument. Press the V-Pot 3 button to confirm your choice/insert the instrument, and open the plug-in window. V-Pot 4 For audio and software instrument tracks, turn to choose the plugin used in Insert slot 1. Press the V-Pot 4 button to confirm your choice/insert the effect, and open the plug-in window. V-Pot 5 For audio and software instrument tracks, turn to choose the plugin used in Insert slot 2. Press the V-Pot 4 button to confirm your choice (insert and open, as above). V-Pot 6 Edits the send amount level of Send 1. V-Pot 7 As above for Send 2. V-Pot 8 As above for Send 3. Holding SHIFT while pressing one of the MUTE or V-Pot buttons switches between mute or bypass: 70 Control Action V-Pot 1 or Mute 1 Mutes (or unmutes) the channel strip. V-Pot 2 or Mute 2 Mutes (or unmutes) the channel strip. V-Pot 3 or Mute 3 For software instrument tracks, mutes (or unmutes) the software instrument used on the channel strip. V-Pot 4 or Mute 4 For audio and software instrument tracks, bypasses the effect plugin used in Insert slot 1. V-Pot 5 or Mute 5 For audio and software instrument tracks, bypasses the effect plugin used in Insert slot 2. V-Pot 6 or Mute 6 Mutes (or unmutes) Send 1. V-Pot 7 or Mute 7 Mutes (or unmutes) Send 2. V-Pot 8 or Mute 8 Mutes (or unmutes) Send 3. Chapter 3 Mackie Control Shortcuts Menu Holding down the TRACK button displays the Track shortcuts sub-menu on the LCD. While this menu is active, the mode display shows “t_ ” (for Track shortcuts). Pressing one of the V-Pot or Function buttons lets you make the following changes: Control Action V-Pot 1 or F1 Switches to Mixer view, and selects volume as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 2 or F2 Switches to Mixer view, and selects pan as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 3 or F3 Switches to Mixer view, and selects input format as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 4 or F4 Switches to Mixer view, and selects the input assignment as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 5 or F5 Switches to Mixer view, and selects the output assignment as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 6 or F6 Switches to Mixer view, and selects the automation mode as the parameter edited by the V-Pot. V-Pot 7 or F7 Switches to Mixer view, switches Logic Express to Arrange view, and selects the automation parameter selected in the Arrange window. V-Pot 8 or F8 Switches to Channel Strip Setup view (described below). Channel Strip Setup View As described above, you enter Channel Strip Setup Channel view from the shortcut menu by pressing V-Pot 8 or F8. In this mode, you can edit the following (less frequently-used) parameters for the selected channel strip. Control Action V-Pot 1 Edits the channel strip format (mono, stereo, left, right). V-Pot 3 Selects the channel strip input assignment. Confirm by pressing VPot 6. V-Pot 4 Selects the channel strip output assignment. Confirm by pressing V-Pot 7. V-Pot 5 Edits the automation mode. V-Pot 6 Edits group membership. You can only choose one group or Off. To make a channel strip a member of multiple groups, use Group Edit mode (see below). Chapter 3 Mackie Control 71 Pan Button Pressing the PAN/SURROUND button activates Pan Mixer view. Pressing the button repeatedly toggles between Pan Channel and Pan Mixer view. Pan Mixer View Pan Mixer view allows you to edit the pan parameter of all channel strips  The mode display shows “Pn” (for Pan).  The upper row of the LCD shows channel strip names.  Turning the V-Pots changes the pan parameter.  Pressing the button on a V-Pot sets the pan parameter to its default value. Pan Channel View Pan Channel view allows you to edit the pan parameter for the selected channel strip.  The mode display shows “Pn.” (for Pan).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the channel strip and “Pan.” 72 Control Action V-Pot 1 Edits pan. Chapter 3 Mackie Control EQ Button Pressing the EQ button activates EQ Mixer view. Pressing the button repeatedly toggles between EQ Channel view and EQ Mixer view. Note: If no Channel EQ is present on the selected channel strip, it is inserted automatically when you enter EQ Channel view. EQ Mixer View EQ Mixer view allows you to edit one equalizer parameter for all channel strips: Frequency, Gain, Q, or EQ bypass. The EQ band number, and parameter being edited are displayed briefly when you switch to this mode.  The mode display shows E1 to E8, indicating the selected EQ band.  The upper LCD row shows channel strip names.  Turning the V-Pots changes the current EQ parameter.  Pressing a V-Pot button sets the parameter to its default value.  Cursor Up/Down switches to the next or previous EQ band.  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous EQ parameter. The selected parameter is displayed briefly in the upper LCD row.  Pressing a MUTE button while holding down the SHIFT button switches the current EQ band’s Bypass status.  When Flip mode is enabled, the MUTE buttons display, and switch, the current EQ band’s Bypass status. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. EQ Channel View EQ Channel view allows you to edit all EQ parameters—in all bands—for the selected channel strip.  The mode display shows EQ (EQ channel strip).  The upper row of the LCD shows the name of the channel strip, EQs, the page number and total number of pages (for example: “Page 1/2”.) Control Action V-Pot 1 Edits the frequency of odd-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 2 Edits the gain of odd-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 3 Edits the Q-factor of odd-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 4 Switches the bypass status of odd-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 5 Edits the frequency of even-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 6 Edits the gain of even-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 7 Edits the Q-factor of even-numbered EQ bands. V-Pot 8 Switches the bypass status of even-numbered EQ bands. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 73 The Left and Right cursors switch to the next or previous EQ band. The LCD displays two EQ bands. If you have one or more connected Mackie Control (XT) units, each XT can display two EQ bands—up to a total of eight. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Alternate EQ Edit Mode Options Holding down the EQ button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD. The mode display shows E_ or E_., dependent on whether you are in EQ Mixer or EQ Channel view mode. Control Action V-Pot 1 or F1 Switches to EQ Mixer view and selects frequency. V-Pot 2 or F2 Switches to EQ Mixer view and selects gain. V-Pot 3 or F3 Switches to EQ Mixer view and selects Q. V-Pot 4 or F4 Switches to EQ Mixer view and selects bypass. V-Pot 6 or F6 Switches to EQ Channel view. V-Pot 7 or F7 Switches to Frequency/Gain Mixer view. In this mode, you can edit the frequency and gain parameters of a specific EQ band (1 to 8) for all channel strips.  The mode display shows F1 to F8, indicating the selected EQ band.  The upper LCD row shows channel strip names.  The lower LCD row shows the frequency of the selected EQ band.  Turning a V-Pot changes EQ frequency.  Pressing a V-Pot sets the EQ frequency to its default value.  Use the Mute buttons to bypass the EQ.  Use the faders to adjust the EQ gain. V-Pot 8 or F8 Switches to Frequency/Gain Channel view. In this mode, you can edit the frequency and gain parameters for all EQ bands of the selected channel strip. Each pair of channel strips corresponds to one EQ band.  The mode display shows FG.  V-Pots 1 to 8 control the frequency of EQ bands 1 to 8.  Mute buttons 1 to 8 control the bypass of EQ bands 1 to 8.  Faders 1 to 8 control the gain of EQ bands 1 to 8. Note: The faders form a frequency response curve in this mode, if the EQ bands have ascending frequency values. ∏ 74 Tip: You can edit another channel strip’s EQ without leaving this view by simply selecting the channel strip in Logic Express, or by pressing the appropriate Select button on the Mackie Control. Chapter 3 Mackie Control Send Button Pressing the SEND button activates Send Mixer view. Pressing the button repeatedly switches between Send Channel view and Send Mixer view. Send Mixer View Send Mixer view allows you to edit one send parameter for all channel strips: Destination, Level, Position, or Mute. The Send slot number, and the parameter being edited, are displayed briefly on the LCD when switching to this mode.  The mode display shows S1 to S8, indicating the selected Send slot.  The upper LCD row shows channel strip names.  Turning the V-Pots changes the current Send parameter.  Pressing a V-Pot confirms the pre-selected send destination, and sets the other send parameters to their defaults.  Cursor Up/Down switches to the next or previous Send slot.  Cursor Left/Right switches to the next or previous send parameter. The selected parameter appears briefly in the upper LCD row.  Pressing a MUTE button while holding down the SHIFT button switches the current send’s mute status.  When Flip mode is enabled, the MUTE buttons display, and edit, the current send’s mute status. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Send Channel View Send Channel view allows you to edit all send parameters for the selected channel strip. The mode display shows “SE.” (for send channel strip). The upper row of the LCD shows the name of the channel strip, the text “Sends”, the page number, and total number of pages—“Page 1/4”, for example. Control Action V-Pot 1 Edits the destination of odd-numbered sends. V-Pot 2 Edits the (send amount) level of odd-numbered sends. V-Pot 3 Edits the position (pre/post) of odd-numbered sends. V-Pot 4 Sets the mute status of odd-numbered sends. V-Pot 5 Edits the destination of even-numbered sends. V-Pot 6 Edits the (send amount) level of even-numbered sends. V-Pot 7 Edits the position (pre/post) of even-numbered sends. V-Pot 8 Sets the mute status of even-numbered sends. The Left/Right cursor buttons shift between pages. The number of sends that can be displayed simultaneously is dependent on the number of Mackie Control XTs you have. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 75 Alternate Send Edit Mode Options Holding down the SEND button accesses a further sub-menu in the LCD: The mode display shows S_ or S_., depending on whether you are in Send Mixer view or Send Channel view. 76 Control Action V-Pot 1 or F1 Switches to Send Mixer view and selects destination. V-Pot 2 or F2 Switches to Send Mixer view and selects send level. V-Pot 3 or F3 Switches to Send Mixer view and selects position. V-Pot 4 or F4 Switches to Send Mixer view and selects mute. V-Pot 5 or F5 Switches to Send Channel view. V-Pot 6 or F6 Switches to Send Channel Strip 2 view: This mode is similar to Send Channel view, but parameters are arranged in a slightly different way. You can control one parameter for all used Send slots in the selected channel strip.  The mode display shows “SE.” (Send channel strip).  The upper LCD row shows the name of the channel strip, the text “Sends”, the page number, and total number of pages.  V-Pots 1 to 8 edit the displayed parameter.  The horizontal cursor buttons shift between pages. The number of parameters that can be displayed simultaneously is dependent on the number of Mackie Control XTs you have. V-Pot 7 or F7 Switches to Destination/Level Mixer view: In this mode, you can control one Send slot for all channel strips. Each channel strip corresponds to the channel strip name shown in the upper LCD row.  The mode display shows d1 to d8, indicating the selected send.  The upper LCD row shows channel strip names.  The lower LCD row shows the destination of the selected send.  Turning a V-Pot pre-selects the send destination.  Pressing a V-Pot confirms the pre-selected send destination.  The SOLO buttons edit send position—a lit SOLO LED indicates Pre Fader mode.  The MUTE buttons set the send mute status.  The faders edit the send level. V-Pot 8 or F8 Switches to Destination/Level Channel view: You can control all Send slots for the selected channel strip in this mode. Each channel strip corresponds to the (embossed) send number shown below the LCD.  The mode display shows “dL.”  Turning a V-Pot pre-selects the corresponding send destination.  Pressing a V-Pot confirms a pre-selected send destination.  The Solo buttons edit send position—a lit Solo LED indicates Pre Fader mode.  The MUTE buttons set the send mute status.  The faders edit the send gain. Chapter 3 Mackie Control If one or more sends are activated on multiple channels, you can switch between them while in the Channel view modes, by simply pressing the Select button of the desired channel. Plug-in Button Pressing the PLUG-IN button activates Plug-in Mixer view. Pressing the button repeatedly toggles between Plug-in Channel view and Plug-in Mixer view. Note: There is one exception to this behavior: If you are in Instrument Edit view, pressing this button switches to Plug-in Edit view. For information, see “Instrument Edit View” on page 81. Plug-in Mixer View In this mode, you can view and edit the plug-ins associated with a particular Insert slot—for all channels.  The mode display shows P1 to P9, or 10 to 16, indicating the selected Insert slot number. Note: If a software instrument channel is selected, the display shows P1 to P9 and 10 to 15.  The upper row of the LCD shows channel strip names.  The lower row of the LCD shows the currently selected plug-in for the active Insert slot. Muted plug-ins are shown with an asterisk * that precedes the plug-in name.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new plug-in. The plug-in name flashes until confirmed by pressing the V-Pot button.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot cancels any earlier pre-selection, and starts preselection on the newly selected channel strip.  Pressing a V-Pot button:  Confirms or activates the pre-selected plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your pre-selection by turning the V-Pot).  Opens a plug-in window, if none are opened. If a plug-in window is open, and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another plug-in will replace the contents of the existing plug-in window.  Switches to Plug-in Edit view.  The Cursor Up/Down buttons change the currently displayed plug-in Insert slot (1 to 15/16).  Pressing a V-Pot or MUTE button, while the SHIFT button is held down, mutes or unmutes the plug-in. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 77 To remove a plug-in: m Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise), then press the VPot button of the appropriate Insert slot. The Mackie Control does not switch to Plug-in Edit view, and no plug-in window is launched when the “--” value is chosen. If a plug-in window is open, it will be closed (if Link mode is inactive). Plug-in Channel View This mode shows the plug-ins associated with all Insert slots for the selected channel.  The mode display shows the text “PL.”  The upper LCD row shows Ins1Pl through Ins8Pl.  The lower LCD row shows the plug-in which is currently selected for this Insert slot. Muted plug-ins are indicated by an asterisk *, which precedes the plug-in name.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new plug-in. The plug-in name flashes until activated.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot will cancel any previous pre-selection, and will start pre-selection on the newly-chosen channel strip.  Pressing a V-Pot button:  Activates the pre-selected plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your pre-selection by turning the V-Pot).  Opens a plug-in window if none are opened (if a plug-in window is open and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another plug-in will replace the existing plug-in).  Switches to Plug-in Edit view.  Pressing a V-Pot button while the SHIFT button is held will mute/unmute the plug-in. To remove a plug-in: m Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise), then press the VPot linked to the appropriate Insert slot. The Mackie Control does not switch to Plug-in Edit view, and no plug-in window will be launched. If one was previously opened, it is closed (if Link mode is inactive). Plug-in Edit View You can view and edit plug-in parameters in this mode.  The mode display shows P1. to P8., indicating the number of the selected plug-in Insert slot.  Depending on the Name/Value button, the LCD display changes between the two modes in the following ways:  Name: The upper LCD row shows the channel strip’s name, insert number, plug-in name, current parameter page, and total number of parameter pages. The lower LCD row shows the name of the parameter—which can be edited via the corresponding V-Pot (the one below the parameter name). 78 Chapter 3 Mackie Control  Value: The upper LCD row shows the name of the parameter being edited via the corresponding V-Pot. The lower LCD row shows the current value of the parameter. If there is sufficient on screen space, the unit type will be added—Example: Hz or dB.  Turning the V-Pots will change parameter values.  Pressing a V-Pot button sets the parameter to its default value, except where the parameter only has two values (on/off, for example). In this case, pressing the V-Pot button switches between these values.  The Cursor Left/Right buttons switch to the next or previous parameter page. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. When using the cursor buttons to switch between parameters, the parameters change in groups of eight (unless the parameters on the last page do not make a complete group of eight). As an example: if a plug-in has 19 parameters, and the Mackie Control is controlling parameters 1 to 8:  Pressing the Cursor Right button shifts to parameters 9 to 16.  Pressing the Cursor Right button again shifts to parameters 12 to 19.  Pressing the Cursor Left button shifts back to parameters 9 to 16, not 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the page positions you expect to find, and are comfortable with.  To switch by a single parameter, rather than by page, hold down the x/ALT key while pressing the Cursor Left/Right button.  The Cursor Up/Down buttons change the currently displayed Insert slot (1 to 15/16). If you have a control surface group consisting of several Mackie Control and XT units, the parameters are distributed across their displays. The number of parameters shown is dependent on the Multiple Controls per Parameter settings in the Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Preferences—discussed in the Control Surface Setup chapter. Note: When you exit Plug-in Edit view, the plug-in window is closed. Compatibility The Mackie Control can edit all plug-ins that can be automated. The plug-in type (Logic Express native, Audio Units) is irrelevant. Some third-party manufacturer plug-ins unfortunately don’t provide parameter names and/or values as text. In such cases, parameters are named/enumerated as “Control #1,” “Control #2”, and so on, with values displayed as numbers ranging between 0 and 1000. Please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain a version which supports this feature. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 79 Instrument Button Pressing the INSTRUMENT button activates Instrument Mixer view, unless the Mackie Control is currently in Plug-in Edit view. In this case, pressing the INSTRUMENT button switches to Instrument Edit view. If you can’t see the software instrument channel strips, use the BANK or CHANNEL buttons in the FADER BANKS zone, or switch to All view by pressing the INSTRUMENT button. (This assumes that you have created at least one or more software instrument tracks). Instrument Mixer View In this mode, you can view and edit the Instrument slots of all instrument channels.  The mode display shows “In” (for instrument).  The upper LCD row shows channel strip names.  The lower LCD row shows the name of the currently selected instrument. Muted instrument names are preceded by an asterisk *.  Turning the V-Pots pre-selects a new instrument. The pre-selected instrument name flashes until activated.  Turning another channel’s V-Pot will cancel any previous pre-selection, and will start pre-selection on the newly chosen channel strip.  Pressing a V-Pot button:  Activates the pre-selected instrument plug-in (assuming that you’ve made your pre-selection by turning the V-Pot).  Opens a plug-in window, if none are opened. If a plug-in window is open, and Link mode is enabled, the selection of another instrument plug-in will replace the existing one.  Switches to Instrument Edit view.  Pressing a V-Pot or MUTE button while holding the SHIFT button mutes/unmutes the instrument. To remove an instrument: 1 Pre-select the “--” value (by turning the V-Pot fully counter-clockwise). 2 Press the V-Pot button. Mackie Control will not switch to Instrument Edit view, and no plug-in window will be launched. If a plug-in window is open, it will be closed. 80 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Instrument Edit View You can view and edit instrument parameters in this mode.  The mode display shows “In.”  Dependent on the state of the NAME/VALUE button, the LCD changes in the following ways:  Name: The upper LCD row shows the channel strip name, instrument name, current parameter page, and total number of parameter pages. The lower LCD row shows the name of the parameter—that can be edited with the V-Pot directly below.  Value: The upper LCD row shows the name of the parameter that can be edited with the V-Pot below. The lower LCD row shows the current value of the parameter being edited. If there is sufficient space on the LCD row, the unit type is shown after the value. Example: Hz or dB.  Turning a V-Pot changes the corresponding parameter.  Pressing a V-Pot button sets the parameter to its default value, except where the parameter only has two values (on/off, for example). In this case, pressing the V-Pot button switches between these values. Compatibility Mackie Control can edit all instruments that can be automated, regardless of the type of plug-in you are using (Logic Express native, Audio Units). Some third-party manufacturer instruments do not provide parameter names and/or values as text. In such cases, parameters are named/enumerated as “Control #1,” “Control #2,” and so on, with values displayed as numbers ranging between 0 and 1000. Please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain a version which supports this feature. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 81 Fader Bank Zone This Mackie Control zone contains two sets of left and right buttons—for switching between individual or grouped channels—as well as the FLIP and GLOBAL VIEW buttons. Bank Left and Right Buttons The Mackie Control provides 8 sets of channel strip controls—allowing you to edit eight corresponding channels. The Bank Left and Right buttons enable you to move/ switch between “banks” of eight channel strips. As an example, if you are editing channel strips 1–8, pressing the Bank Right button moves to channel strips 9–16. Pressing Bank Right again moves to channel strips 17–24. Pressing Bank Left returns to channel strips 9-16, then 1–8 with a further button press. If you are using a control surface group, the Bank Left and Right buttons shift the active channel strips by the total number of channels in the control surface group. As an example; if you have a Mackie Control and two Mackie Control XT units, the view shifts by 24 channels—the total number of channels in the control surface group. Use of the Bank buttons always changes channel strips in groups of eight, unless the last-most channel strips do not make a complete group of eight. To provide an example; if a project has 19 channel strips, and the Mackie Control is controlling channel strips 1 to 8:  Pressing the Bank Right button shifts to channel strips 9 to 16.  Pressing the Bank Right button again shifts to channel strips 12 to 19  Pressing the Bank Left button shifts back to channel strips 9 to 16, not 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the channel strips you expect to find, and are comfortable with. Channel Left and Right Buttons Using the Channel Left and Right buttons, you can move up or down by a single channel strip. Pressing the Channel Right button shifts (the active channel strips) up by a single channel strip, while pressing Channel Left shifts down by a single channel strip. As an example: if viewing channel strips 1 to 8, pressing Channel Right will display channel strips 2 to 9. Notes on Using the Fader Bank Buttons When holding down the OPTION button, pressing the BANK or CHANNEL Left button jumps to the first set of channel strips in the project. Pressing the BANK or CHANNEL Right button (while holding OPTION) jumps to the last set of channel strips in the project. To provide you with an example; if your project has 64 channel strips, pressing OPTION-BANK or CHANNEL left jumps to channel strips 1 through 8, and pressing OPTION-BANK or CHANNEL Right jumps to channel strips 57 through 64. 82 Chapter 3 Mackie Control For views where one type of channel strip is displayed (such as audio, instruments, or auxes), Logic Express remembers the last group of eight channel strips shown in the view—and returns to it when you switch back from another view. As an example; if you start in a view with audio channel strips 4 through 11 visible, switch to an instruments view, scroll to instruments 6 through 13, and then switch back to the audio channel view, you will return to audio channel strips 4 through 11 (not 6 through 13). Switching back to the instrument channel view displays instruments 6 through 13. Flip Button Pressing the FLIP button (alone, or in combination with a Modifier key) enables and disables one of the following three modes: Flip, Swap, or Zero mode. Flip Mode Pressing the FLIP button enables Flip mode. In Flip mode, the current assignments of the eight V-Pots are mirrored by the eight channel faders, so that both control the same parameter. Turning one of the V-Pots causes the corresponding fader value to move, and vice versa. The LED next to the FLIP button is lit when you activate Flip mode. Pressing the FLIP button a second time disables Flip mode. Flip mode offers the following advantages:  You can edit any type of parameter with a fader, which allows more precise editing control.  Unlike the V-Pots, the faders are touch-sensitive. This allows you to overwrite existing controller automation movements with a constant value. Swap Mode Holding down the SHIFT button, while pressing the FLIP button, enables Swap mode. In Swap mode, the encoder assignments are swapped with the fader assignments, so that the faders control the parameter previously assigned to the V-Pots, and vice versa. The LED next to the FLIP button flashes when Swap mode is active. When Swap mode is active, pressing the FLIP button reverts to Flip mode. Holding down SHIFT and pressing FLIP disables Swap mode, and returns the V-Pot and fader assignments to their pre-Flip (or Swap) mode states. Zero Mode Holding down the CONTROL button, while pressing the FLIP button, enables Zero mode. In Zero mode, the faders are set to the zero position and do not move. This is useful in situations where the Mackie Control is located close to microphones, and you want to make sure that you don’t capture the mechanical noise of the faders moving. When Zero mode is active, pressing the FLIP button reverts to Flip mode. Holding down CONTROL while pressing FLIP disables Zero mode, and re-activates the faders. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 83 Global View Button The GLOBAL VIEW button is used in conjunction with the buttons in the Global View zone (see “Global View Zone” on page 85). Function Key Zone The Function Key zone, located below the Time display/Display buttons, features eight function key buttons—F1 to F8. The eight function key buttons are assigned as follows: Function key Action F1 to F8 Recalls screensets 1 through 8. Holding down the SHIFT key while pressing one of the Function keys opens one of the following windows (or closes it, if it is currently open): Function key Action F1 Arrange window F2 Mixer F3 Event List F4 Score Editor F5 Hyper Editor F6 Piano Roll Editor F7 Transport window F8 Audio Bin Holding down the x/ALT key while pressing one of the Function keys triggers one of the following common key commands: Function key 84 Action F1 Cut F2 Copy F3 Paste F4 Clear F5 Select All F6 Select All Following F7 Select Similar Regions/Events F8 Select Inside Locators Chapter 3 Mackie Control In modal dialogs, pressing one of the Function keys is equivalent to using the computer keyboard number keys: Function key Action F1 1 F2 2 F3 3 F4 4 F5 5 F6 6 F7 7 F8 8 The buttons located directly below the Function keys complete the numeric input functions: MIDI Tracks button 9 Inputs button 0 In some other modes, the Function keys perform other duties, such as shortcuts for markers. Please see “Marker” on page 91. Also see the tables in “Assignment Overview” on page 100. Global View Zone You can use the eight buttons in the Global View zone to display (and edit) specific types of channel strips. Pressing any of the buttons in the Global View zone activates All View mode; when this mode is active, the green LED to the right of the GLOBAL VIEW button is illuminated. When you press one of the buttons in the Global View zone, the corresponding type of channel strip appears in the main LCD. You can edit each channel strip with the corresponding channel strip controls. Pressing multiple buttons (Audio Tracks, Instruments and Aux, for example) displays all channels of the selected types, as described below: To view (and edit) multiple All View channel strips: m While holding down any button in the Global View zone, pressing another button adds this channel strip type to those currently displayed. If a channel strip type is already displayed, pressing its button removes it from the display. As an example: To display both the audio and output channel strips, hold down the Audio Tracks button, and press the Outputs button. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 85 Modifier Buttons The four Modifier buttons correspond to the modifier keys on your computer keyboard (but function independently from them). You can use these buttons, along with the appropriate key on your computer keyboard (or with the mouse), instead of using the corresponding modifier key. This also applies to the modified Mackie Control commands (as covered in each function description). A generic description of each Modifier button follows:  SHIFT: Provides an alternate function or meaning for a button.  OPTION: The function applies to all channel strips. For relative value changes, sets the parameter to its minimum, default, or maximum value—depending on whether you’re increasing or decreasing it.  CONTROL: While held down, the group clutch is engaged—channel strip groups are temporarily disabled.  x/ALT: Allows fine tuning, or another variation, of the function. Automation Buttons The Automation buttons activate the corresponding automation modes in Logic Express: Read/Off, Touch, Latch, and Write. You use the Automation buttons in conjunction with the channel SELECT buttons, as follows: To set the automation mode for a channel: 1 Select the channel you want to automate. 2 Press the desired Automation button to assign the mode you want to use. 3 Move the corresponding fader. The automation modes are outlined below:  READ/OFF: If no automation mode is active, pressing the READ/OFF button toggles between Read mode and Off.  Read: The fader reads (follows) any existing automation data, but does not record any new automation data.  Off: Automation is off. The fader neither sends, nor receives, automation data. Existing automation data is not changed. The fader still adjusts the volume or pan position as per usual, when moved.  TOUCH: Writes new data when the fader is touched or the V-Pot is turned during playback. Any existing automation data (of the current fader type) is replaced with new data, for as long as the control is active (while the fader is being touched or the V-Pot is being turned). 86 Chapter 3 Mackie Control  LATCH: Similar to Touch mode, but the control remains active—even when the fader is no longer being touched, or the V-Pot is not being turned. When you release the fader, the current fader value replaces all existing automation data—for as long as Logic Express is in playback (or record) mode. Press STOP to prevent existing automation data from being overwritten.  WRITE: Overwrites all existing automation data, or creates new automation data if none exists. Only use this option if you want to destroy all existing automation data. Pressing one of the AUTOMATION buttons, while holding the OPTION key, assigns the selected automation mode to all channels. When an automation mode has been assigned to all channels, the corresponding automation mode button LED illuminates whenever you hold down the OPTION key. Important: This behavior is slightly different for the Off automation mode. When holding down the OPTION button and pressing Read/Off, the LEDs for the other Automation buttons are unlit, but this does not necessarily indicate that all channel strips are actually in Off mode—they could still be set to other modes. To ensure that you have set all channel strips to Off mode, press Read/Off twice while holding down the OPTION key. The Read/Off button LED turns on, then off. Group Pressing the GROUP button enters Group Edit mode, allowing you to edit various Mixer group parameters. In Group Edit mode:  The upper line of the LCD displays channel strip names.  The lower line of the LCD displays group parameters.  The Assignment display shows the currently displayed group—G1, for example.  The Time display shows the group name (if the name is longer than ten characters, the last ten characters are displayed).  You can switch between Group parameters with the V-Pot buttons.  The Cursor Up and Down buttons select the previous or next group.  The Cursor Left and Right buttons shift the group parameter display.  The Select buttons determine group membership. Pressing a Select button adds the channel strip to the group (or removes it from the group, if already a member). A lit Select button LED indicates active group membership.  The LED next to the GROUP button is lit. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. If Group Edit mode is off, holding down GROUP and pressing one or more Select buttons allows you to create a new group. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 87 Pressing the GROUP button while holding down the SHIFT button creates a new group, opens the Group window, and enters Group Edit mode. Pressing the GROUP button while holding down the TRACK button switches to Mixer view, with the channel strip group parameter shown. It displays the group that the selected channel strip belongs to. Multiple group membership is displayed as in the Mixer window. Turning a V-Pot changes group membership. Note: You can only select one group (or Off ) with this function. Utilities Buttons The four Utilities buttons trigger common Logic Express functions: Save, Undo, Cancel, and Enter. Save Press to save the current project file. The first time you save a project, a Save dialog appears on your computer screen. Enter a name and location for the file, then click the Save button in the dialog. The main LCD displays this message: There is a file select dialog on the screen and the Position/Time display shows ALERT. All LEDs are unlit. Once the file save has been confirmed in Logic Express, the Mackie Control returns all controls to their previous state (before you pressed the SAVE button). Once you have named a project and saved it once, further presses of the SAVE button will store the current project state—without presenting a Save dialog onscreen, or showing any alerts on the LCD. This allows you to quickly save incremental changes as your project develops. The SAVE LED is illuminated as soon as you make (save-able) changes to your project. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing SAVE opens the Save As dialog on the computer screen. This allows you to rename a project, or save it in a different location. Undo Pressing the UNDO button undoes the last undo-able action. As Logic Express supports a nearly unlimited number of undo/redo steps, the green UNDO LED illuminates to indicate that Redo is available, not to indicate an undo-able step. The LCD provides a warning that performing a reversible editing step will render all Redo steps unavailable. Holding down the SHIFT button while pressing UNDO performs a Redo. Holding down the OPTION button while pressing UNDO opens the Undo History window. 88 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Cancel When an alert appears on your computer screen, you can cancel (or abort) it by pressing the Cancel button. For information about alerts, see “Modal Dialog Display” on page 34. Pressing the CANCEL button when no alert is visible on screen does the following:  Opens the Toolbox at the current on screen position of the mouse pointer.  Alternately, it will perform any function currently assigned to the computer keyboard’s Esc key.  If the Mackie Control is currently showing the contents of a folder track, pressing the Cancel button exits the folder.  Cancel also enables you to invalidate a (blinking) parameter value pre-selection. Enter When an alert appears on your computer screen, pressing the ENTER button triggers the default button in the alert. For information about alerts, see “Modal Dialog Display” on page 34. If there is no alert onscreen, and the selected track is a folder track, pressing the ENTER button opens the folder. Transport Zone The Transport zone features five buttons for the standard transport functions (Rewind, Fast Forward, Stop, Play, and Record) and seven small, circular buttons for different recording and playback modes. Each button has a dedicated LED which indicates its current status. You can use these buttons independently, or in conjunction with one another, to navigate and edit your projects. Rewind Rewinds/shuttles through the project. Pressing REWIND repeatedly while rewinding accelerates the rewind speed. Pressing FAST FWD button repeatedly—while rewinding—slows down, stops, and eventually reverses the shuttle direction. Pressing the STOP button halts the rewind at the current playhead position. Turning the Jog/ Scrub Wheel also exits rewind shuttle mode. When one of the Marker modes is activated, pressing the REWIND button moves the playhead to the previous marker. When one of the Nudge modes is activated, the REWIND button moves the selected regions or events backward by the value defined in Large Nudge mode. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 89 Fast Fwd Fast forwards/shuttles through the project. Pressing FAST FWD repeatedly while fast forwarding accelerates the shuttle speed. Pressing the REWIND button repeatedly— while fast forwarding—slows down, stops, and eventually reverses the shuttle direction. Pressing the STOP button halts the fast forward. Turning the Jog/Scrub Wheel also exits forward shuttle mode. When one of the Marker modes is active, pressing the FAST FWD button moves the playhead to the next marker. When one of the Nudge modes is active, pressing the FAST FWD button moves the selected regions or events forward by the value defined in Large Nudge mode. ∏ Tip: You can combine markers with cycle areas by pressing the respective buttons on the Mackie Control. This, in conjunction with navigation between markers (using the REWIND and FAST FWD buttons), moves the playhead—and automatically sets a cycle area between adjacent markers. Try this, and other options, with various button combinations. Stop Pressing the STOP button halts project playback (or recording, if active), and stops all other Transport functions. Pressing the STOP button a second time returns the playhead to the project start point, or the beginning of the nearest cycle area, if Cycle mode is active. Pressing STOP repeatedly switches between these two functions. Play Pressing PLAY starts playback from the current playhead position. Pressing PLAY repeatedly jumps to the beginning of the nearest cycle area, if Cycle mode is active. Pressing SHIFT and PLAY simultaneously works as a Pause command. Record Pressing RECORD activates recording on the selected MIDI, audio, or software instrument channel strip (if it is armed for recording). It is possible that the first time you arm an audio channel strip, by pressing the REC/ RDY button for the desired channel, a Save dialog will appear on your computer screen. Enter a file name (and a save location) in the dialog, then press Save. The Mackie Control LCD display shows this message There is a file select dialog on the screen and the Position/Time display shows ALERT. All LEDs are unlit. Once you enter the file name (and press Save), all controls on the Mackie Control return to their previous state. 90 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Once the default audio file name has been entered, you may freely select and arm any audio channel strip, and then press the RECORD button. This will happen without the alert messages and file save dialog appearing. ∏ To avoid this situation, save your project with Assets. This will avoid the need to define file names, and makes handling faster and easier, particularly when using Logic Express with the Mackie Control. Marker Pressing the MARKER button activates one of the three marker modes, enabling you to create or delete markers, and move to markers in your project. The three marker modes, Small Marker mode, Large Marker mode, and Temporary Marker mode, are explained in the following sections. Note: The Marker and Nudge modes are mutually exclusive; activating one deactivates the other. Small Marker Mode Pressing the MARKER button activates Small Marker mode. In this mode, pressing the FAST FWD or REWIND buttons moves the playhead to the next or previous marker. Pressing the MARKER button again reverts to the default behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons (see “Rewind” on page 89 and “Fast Fwd” on page 90). Small Marker mode is useful if you want to jump to markers while using the V-Pots for other purposes. Large Marker Mode Pressing the MARKER button while holding down SHIFT displays three create options on the LCD, assigned to the three right-most V-Pot buttons. Once markers have been created, press the V-Pot button listed below to create or delete a marker at the current playhead position. Control Action V-Pot 1 to 5 Displays the first five markers by name. Pressing a V-Pot button moves the playhead to the corresponding Marker. When the playhead position falls inside a marker range, the lower line displays INSIDE, and the V-Pot LED ring is lit. V-Pot 6 Cr w/o—Creates a marker, without rounding to the nearest bar. V-Pot 7 Create—Creates a marker, rounded to the nearest bar. V-Pot 8 Delete—Deletes the marker above the current playhead position. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 91 A recommended workflow for creating or deleting markers is to use the Jog/Scrub Wheel. Turn the wheel to move the playhead to the desired project position, and then press the appropriate V-Pot to create or delete a marker.  For coarse placement, simply use the wheel to move the playhead.  For fine placement, press the SCRUB button, then use the wheel to precisely position the playhead. (Only appropriate if creating or deleting an un-rounded marker). For more information about using the Jog/Scrub Wheel, please refer to “Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone” on page 98. Large Marker mode is terminated by pressing the MARKER button a second time. Temporary Marker Mode If you want to enter Marker mode temporarily (to quickly perform a few marker functions), hold down the Marker button and press one (or more) of the V-Pot buttons: this will execute the marker function and leave marker mode as soon as you release the MARKER button.  When in this mode—with the MARKER button held—pressing the Function keys F1—F8 jumps to the first eight markers (if created). As an example, to navigate to marker 3, press-hold MARKER and press F3.  To jump between markers, with (or without) the MARKER button held, simply press the FAST FWD or REWIND buttons. Nudge The NUDGE button enables you to move (nudge) selected audio or MIDI regions (or events) in Small, Large, or Temporary Nudge mode. Each mode is explained below: Note: The Marker and Nudge modes are mutually exclusive; activating one deactivates the other. Small Nudge Mode Pressing the NUDGE button reassigns the behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons; pressing either FAST FWD or REWIND nudges the selected regions or events by the value defined in Large Nudge mode (see below). Pressing the NUDGE button a second time reverts to the default behavior of the FAST FWD and REWIND buttons (see “Rewind” on page 89 and “Fast Fwd” on page 90). Small Nudge mode is useful if you want to nudge regions or events, but still use the VPots for other purposes. 92 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Large Nudge Mode Pressing the NUDGE button while holding down SHIFT displays eight functions on the LCD, and assigns them to the corresponding V-Pot buttons. These functions allow you to move the selected region or events by various amounts, or to a specific position. The position of the first selected region or event is displayed above V-Pots 3 and 4. If nothing is displayed—either a window that does not allow the selection of regions or events is open, or no regions or events are selected. The functions are as follows: Control Label Action V-Pot 1 Nudge Selects the nudge value used by the REWIND and F.FWD buttons. These buttons move the selected objects backwards/forwards by the defined value. V-Pot 2 Pickup Moves object to the current playhead position. V-Pot 3 Bar Moves object by one bar. V-Pot 4 Beat Moves object by the current project denominator value (beats). V-Pot 5 Division Moves object by the current project division value. V-Pot 6 Ticks Moves object by single ticks. V-Pot 7 Frames Moves object by one SMPTE frame. V-Pot 8 Fram/2 Moves object by half a SMPTE frame. The cursor buttons emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys, allowing easy selection of a region or event. Note: Ensure that the ZOOM button isn’t active when using the cursor buttons. Pressing the NUDGE button a second time disables Large Nudge mode. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 93 Temporary Nudge Mode To use Nudge temporarily (for one or two small moves), hold down the NUDGE key, and use one or more of the V-Pots: this will execute the selected function, and exit Temporary Nudge mode as soon as you release the NUDGE button. In Temporary Nudge mode, the cursor buttons emulate the computer keyboard’s cursor keys, allowing easy selection of a region or event. The Nudge value for the REWIND and F.FWD buttons can also be defined with the function buttons: Function button Action F1 Sets Ticks. F2 Sets Division. F3 Sets Beat. F4 Sets Bar. F5 Sets Frames. F6 Sets Half Frames. Cycle Activates/deactivates Cycle mode. By default, the cycle area falls between the first two markers. Subsequent markers can act as left/right boundaries for further cycle areas. To jump between cycle areas—defined by markers: 1 Press the MARKER button. 2 Press the CYCLE button, and when active, press the REWIND or FAST FWD buttons. To set the left or right locator to the current playhead position: m Hold down CYCLE and press REWIND or FAST FWD. This also enables Cycle mode. The fastest way to define a new cycle area is to: 1 Navigate to the desired left locator position with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 2 Press CYCLE and REWIND. 3 Navigate to the desired right locator position with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 4 Press CYCLE and FAST FWD. 94 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Cycle View Pressing the SHIFT and CYCLE buttons activates Cycle View mode:  The mode display shows “Cy”.  V-Pot 1—shows and edits the current cycle status (off or on); you can also use the CYCLE button.  V-Pot 2—BySel—sets the current cycle area by the selection made in the Arrange window (selected audio or MIDI region).  V-Pot 3—Move—moves the current cycle by a bar with each click, when turning the V-Pot.  The display shows the left and right locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.       Pressing V-Pot 5 picks up the current playhead position for the left locator. Turning V-Pot 5 changes the left locator in bars. Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator in beats (denominator steps). Pressing V-Pot 7 picks up the current playhead position for the right locator. Turning V-Pot 7 changes the right locator in bars. Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator in beats (denominator steps). To return to a regular Assignment mode, press one of the Assignment buttons. Drop Activates/deactivates Autopunch mode. To navigate between punch-in areas: 1 Press the MARKER button. 2 Press the DROP button, and when active, press the FAST FWD or REWIND buttons. To set the punch in or punch out locator to the current playhead position: m Hold down DROP and press FAST FWD or REWIND. This also enables Autopunch mode. The fastest way to define a new punch in area is to: 1 Navigate to the desired punch in locator position with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 2 Press DROP and REWIND. 3 Navigate to the desired punch out locator position with the Jog/Scrub Wheel. 4 Press DROP and FAST FWD. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 95 Punch View Pressing the SHIFT and DROP buttons activates Punch view:  The mode display shows Pu.  V-Pot 1 shows and edits the current Autopunch status (off or on); you can also use the DROP button.  V-Pot 3—Move—moves the current punch area by a bar with each click when turning the V-Pot.  The display shows the punch in and punch out locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Pot 5 uses the current playhead position for the punch in locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the punch in locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator in beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Pot 7 picks up the current playhead position for the punch out locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the punch out locator in bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator in beats (denominator steps). Changing a punch locator with the Mackie Control enables Autopunch mode. To return to a regular Assignment mode, press one of the Assignment buttons. Replace Activates/deactivates Replace mode. Click Enables/Disables the (MIDI or Klopfgeist) metronome click. There are independent click settings for play and record. The click settings are determined in File > Project Settings > Metronome. Pressing the SHIFT and CLICK buttons activates/deactivates both External Sync mode and transmission of MMC. Solo The SOLO button behaves as per the Solo key command. Individual channels can be soloed via the channel SOLO buttons of each channel strip. MIDI or audio regions can be selected, and soloed, along with the selected channels. Each channel features an independent SOLO LED, which is lit when a channel strip is soloed. The RUDE SOLO LED—just to the right of the Position/Time display—is lit whenever any channel strip is soloed. Pressing the SHIFT and SOLO buttons enables Solo Lock mode. 96 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Cursor Key Zone These five buttons, located to the left of the Jog/Shuttle wheel, serve a number of purposes. The four cursor buttons, Up, Down, Left and Right, encircle the central ZOOM button. Normal Operation When the ZOOM button is not active (its LED is unlit), the four cursor buttons select the current parameter, shift the current parameter page or Send/EQ/Insert slot, depending on the current V-Pot assignment. When holding down the OPTION button, the Cursor Left/Right buttons scroll to the first/last page, and the Cursor Up/Down buttons scroll to the first/last slot. When holding down the x/Alt button, the Cursor Left/Right buttons shift the parameter display by one parameter, rather than one page. In view modes which don’t require page or slot shifts, the Cursor buttons emulate the computer keyboard cursor keys. Example: Mixer view. In Large and Temporary Nudge mode, the Cursor Left/Right buttons emulate the computer keyboard cursor keys, allowing easy region or event selection. Zoom Mode Pressing the ZOOM button enables Zoom mode. The cursor buttons are then used to change the vertical or horizontal zoom factor of the window with key focus. In the Arrange window:  OPTION and Cursor Up/Down changes the zoom factor of the selected track.  OPTION and Cursor Left resets the zoom factor of the selected track.  OPTION and Cursor Right resets the zoom factor of all tracks of the same class (audio, MIDI, and so on) as the selected track. Computer Cursor Key Emulation To use the cursor buttons as a replacement for the computer keyboard cursor keys, hold down the SHIFT key. By pressing SHIFT and ZOOM, the cursor buttons enter Permanent Cursor Key mode— they mimic the computer cursor keys without the need to hold down SHIFT. The ZOOM button LED flashes when in this mode. You can deactivate this mode by pressing the ZOOM button. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 97 Jog/Scrub Wheel Zone The Jog/Scrub Wheel and SCRUB button can be used to navigate through the project, which is useful for a number of Transport tasks. Simply turn the dial to use it. The following Scrub modes change the behavior of the Jog/Scrub Wheel.  Scrub mode off: The Jog/Scrub Wheel moves the playhead.  Scrub mode on: The Jog/Scrub Wheel performs scrubbing, which allows you to hear the data of the selected (or solo-ed) tracks while scrolling/moving through the project. Audio tracks are normally played back at their original speed. If you would prefer to hear them at double speed, choose Logic Express > Preferences > Audio > Devices, and set Maximum Scrub Speed to Double in the pop-up menu. Note: You can also use the SCRUB button for Pause functionality.  SHUTTLE mode (Scrub button LED flashing): the Jog/Scrub Wheel shuttles the playhead—turning it increases or decreases the speed of playhead movement. 98 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Programmable User Modes The Mackie Control provides six programmable user modes, which can be used for your own assignments. You can activate each of these modes by holding down the SHIFT button—along with one of the Assignment buttons, as follows:  TRACK + SHIFT = User mode 1.  PAN/SURROUND + SHIFT = User mode 2.  EQ + SHIFT = User mode 3.  SEND + SHIFT = User mode 4.  PLUG-IN + SHIFT = User mode 5.  INSTRUMENT + SHIFT = User mode 6. The Assignment display shows the user modes as u1, u2, and so on. To create an assignment in one of the user modes: 1 Activate the user mode you want to use by holding down SHIFT, and pressing one of the Assignment buttons, as listed above. 2 In Logic Express, use the Learn process to create one or more assignments, as described in “Assigning Controllers to Logic Express Parameters” on page 37. Connecting Foot Switches You can connect a momentary foot pedal—with either positive or negative polarity— to the foot switch sockets. By default, foot switches control the following functions:  USER SWITCH A is assigned to Start/Stop.  USER SWITCH B is assigned to Record (note that a track must be selected and armed for recording to take place),  EXTERNAL CONTROL is assigned to the MASTER fader level. Only use an expression pedal with this socket. The polarity of the foot switches is determined by the Mackie Control when powered up. You should first connect the foot switches, then turn on the Mackie Control. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 99 Assignment Overview The following assignment tables are broken down into zones of the Mackie Control. DISPLAY Buttons Button Modifier Function/Comments NAME/VALUE — Switch between parameter name and parameter value display. SHIFT Cycle through level meter displays: vertical, horizontal, and off. OPTION Switch between track name and track number:name display. CONTROL Clear clip/overload flags. SMPTE/BEATS x/ALT Enter control surface group settings mode. — Switch between SMPTE and beat format in clock display. Channel Strip Controls (1 through 8) Control Modifier Function/Comments Turning V-Pot — Modify parameter displayed in LCD. OPTION Set parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. x/ALT Modify parameter at high resolution. — Set parameter displayed on LCD to default value, or: Switch between two possible values. Pressing V-Pot button Flashing pre-selection: — Enter the pre-selected value. Menu options: — Enter whatever option is visible in display. If track is folder: REC/RDY button SOLO button — Enter folder. — Activate/deactivate Record Enable button of track. OPTION Disable Record Enable button for all tracks. — Activate/deactivate Solo button of track’s channel strip. OPTION Disable Solo button for all channel strips. In Send Destination/Level Mixer view: — Switch pre/post status of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel view: — 100 Chapter 3 Mackie Control Switch between pre/post of send on selected channel strip. Control Modifier Function/Comments MUTE button — Activate/deactivate Mute button of track’s channel strip. OPTION Disable Mute button for all channel strip. In Mixer view: SHIFT Activate/deactivate mute/bypass of the shown parameter. In EQ Mixer view: SHIFT Activate/deactivate bypass of the current EQ band. In EQ Frequency/Gain view: — Activate/deactivate bypass of selected EQ band. In Send Mixer view: SHIFT Activate/deactivate bypass of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Mixer view: — Activate/deactivate bypass of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel view: — Activate/deactivate mute of send on selected channel strip. In Plug-in Mixer view: SHIFT Activate/deactivate bypass of plug-in. In Instrument Mixer view: SHIFT SELECT button Fader Activate/deactivate bypass of instrument. — Select channel strip. SHIFT Set channel strip volume to unity level (0 dB). OPTION Creates a new track with the same assignment as the selected track and switches to Arrange view. SHIFT+ OPTION Create a new track with the next channel strip (following the selected track) and switches to Arrange view. — Adjust volume. In Flip mode “Duplicate”: — Same function as V-Pot of same channel. In Flip mode “Swap”: — Swap function with V-Pot of same channel. In EQ Frequency/Gain view: — Adjust gain of selected EQ band. In Send Destination/Level Mixer view: — Adjust send level of selected send. In Send Destination/Level Channel view: — Chapter 3 Mackie Control Adjust send level of send on selected channel strip. 101 ASSIGNMENT Buttons Hold down to show soft-button menu; release to switch V-Pots to Multi Channel or Channel views for: Button Modifier Function/Comments TRACK — Channel strip parameters TRACK SHIFT User mode 1 PAN/SURROUND — Pan parameters PAN/SURROUND SHIFT User mode 2 EQ — EQ parameters EQ SHIFT User mode 3 SEND — Send parameters SEND SHIFT User mode 4 PLUG-IN — Plug-in selection or Plug-in Edit mode PLUG-IN SHIFT User mode 5 INSTRUMENT — Instrument selection or Instrument Edit mode INSTRUMENT SHIFT User mode 6 BANK <> — Shift fader bank left/right by number of channel strips. OPTION Shift fader bank to beginning or end. — Shift fader bank left/right by one channel. OPTION Shift fader bank to beginning or end. — Switch Flip mode between Off and Duplicate. SHIFT Switch Flip mode between Off and Swap. CHANNEL<> FLIP CONTROL Switch Flip mode between Off and Zero (turns fader motors off ). GLOBAL VIEW 102 — Switch between Arrange view and All view. SHIFT Switch between Arrange view and Tracks view. Chapter 3 Mackie Control Function Key Buttons Button Modifier Function/Comments F1 — Recall screenset 1. SHIFT Open or close Arrange window. x/ALT Cut TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Volume. PAN/ Switch to Mixer view—Pan. SURROUND EQ SEND Switch to Mixer view—Destination. MARKER Create marker without rounding. NUDGE Nudge value: Tick In modal dialog: F2 Switch to Mixer view—Bypass. F1 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 1 key. — Recall screenset 2. SHIFT Open or close Mixer window. x/ALT Copy TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Pan. EQ Switch to Mixer view—EQ Type. SEND Switch to Mixer view—Level. MARKER Create marker with rounding. NUDGE In modal dialog: F3 F2 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 2 key. — Recall screenset 3. SHIFT Open or close Event Editor. x/ALT Paste TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Channel Strip mode. EQ Switch to Mixer view—Frequency. SEND Switch to Mixer view—Position. MARKER Delete marker. NUDGE In modal dialog: Chapter 3 Mackie Control Nudge value: Beat F3 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 3 key. 103 Button Modifier Function/Comments F4 — Recall screenset 4. SHIFT Open or close Score Editor. x/ALT Clear TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Input. EQ Switch to Mixer view—Gain. SEND Switch to Mixer view—Mute. NUDGE In modal dialog: F5 Nudge value: Bar F4 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 4 key. — Recall screenset 5. SHIFT Open or close Hyper Editor. x/ALT Select All. TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Output. PAN/ Switch to Channel view. SURROUND EQ Switch to Mixer view—Q Factor. SEND Switch to Channel view. NUDGE Nudge value: Frame In modal dialog: F6 F5 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 5 key. — Recall screenset 6. SHIFT Open or close Piano Roll Editor. x/ALT Select All Following TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Automation. EQ Switch to Channel view. SEND Switch to Channel Strip 2 view. NUDGE Nudge value: 1/2 Frame In modal dialog: F7 F6 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 6 key. — Recall screenset 7. SHIFT Open/Close Transport window. x/ALT Select Similar Regions/events. TRACK Switch to Mixer view—Displayed parameter. EQ Switch to Frequency/Gain Mixer view. SEND Switch to Destination/Level Mixer view. In modal dialog: 104 Chapter 3 Mackie Control F7 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 7 key. Button Modifier Function/Comments F8 — Close top-most floating window. SHIFT Open or close Audio Bin. x/ALT Select Inside Locators. TRACK Switch to Channel Strip Setup view. EQ Switch to Frequency/Gain Channel view. SEND Switch to Destination/Level Channel view. In modal dialog: F8 key is equivalent to computer keyboard 8 key. GLOBAL VIEW Buttons Button Modifier Function/Comments MIDI TRACKS — Switch to All view and show MIDI tracks. SHIFT In modal dialog: INPUTS — Switch to All view and show input channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 2 (channel strips 9 to 16, for example). In modal dialog: AUDIO TRACKS INPUTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard 0 key. — Switch to All view and show audio channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 3 (channel strips 17 to 24, for example). In modal dialog: AUDIO INSTRUMENTS AUDIO TRACKS button is equivalent to computer keyboard’s period key. — Switch to All view and show software instrument channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 4 (channel strips 25 to 32, for example). In modal dialog: AUX AUDIO INSTRUMENTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard / key. — Switch to All view and show aux channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 5 (channel strips 33 to 40, for example). In modal dialog: BUSSES AUX button is equivalent to computer keyboard * key. — Switch to All view and show bus channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 6 (channel strips 41 to 48, for example). In modal dialog: OUTPUTS BUSSES button is equivalent to computer keyboard – key. — Switch to All view and show output and master channel strips. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 7 (channel strips 49 to 56, for example). In modal dialog: USER Set to fader bank no. 1 (channel strips 1 to 8, for example). MIDI TRACKS button is equivalent to computer keyboard 9 key. OUTPUTS button is equivalent to computer keyboard + key. — Currently unassigned. SHIFT Set to fader bank no. 8 (channel strips 57 to 64, for example). Chapter 3 Mackie Control 105 MODIFIER Buttons (While Held Down) Button Function/Comments SHIFT Switch to second function. OPTION Apply function to all channel strips or set parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. CONTROL Disable Group functions while held down. x/ALT Enable fine mode; shift parameter page by one parameter instead of page. AUTOMATION Buttons Mackie Control Modifier Function/Comments READ/OFF — Set selected track’s automation to Read or Off. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Read or Off. TOUCH — Set selected track’s automation to Touch. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Touch. LATCH — Set selected track’s automation to Latch. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Latch. WRITE — Set selected track’s automation to Write. OPTION Set all tracks’ automation to Write. TRIM GROUP 106 Currently unassigned. — Enter Group Edit mode. SHIFT Create a new group, open the Group window and enter Group Edit mode. TRACK Switch to Mixer view, displaying group parameter. OPTION Switch to Single view. Chapter 3 Mackie Control UTILITIES Buttons Button Modifier Function/Comments SAVE — Save project. OPTION Save project as. — Undo UNDO CANCEL SHIFT Redo OPTION Open Undo History. — Leave folder. Flashing pre-selection: — Cancel pre-selection. In alerts: ENTER — Execute Cancel button. — Enter folder of selected track. In alerts: — Execute default button. TRANSPORT Buttons Button MARKER Modifier Function/Comments — Switch Small Marker mode on/off. SHIFT Switch Large Marker mode on/off. — Switch Small Nudge mode on/off. SHIFT Switch Large Nudge mode on/off. MARKER Create a marker. This allows you to create a marker with one hand without entering Large Marker mode. — Activate/deactivate Cycle mode. SHIFT Switch to Cycle view. — Activate/deactivate Autopunch mode. SHIFT Switch to Punch view. REPLACE — Activate/deactivate Replace mode. CLICK — Activate/deactivate metronome click (separately for playback and record). SHIFT Activate/deactivate internal/external sync and MMC. — Activate/deactivate Solo Lock function. SHIFT Enable Solo Lock function. NUDGE CYCLE DROP SOLO Chapter 3 Mackie Control 107 Button Modifier Function/Comments REWIND << — Shuttle rewind. MARKER Go to previous marker. NUDGE Nudge left by chosen value. CYCLE Engage Cycle mode and set left locator to playhead. DROP Engage Autopunch mode and set punch in locator. In Marker mode: — Go to previous marker. In Nudge mode: F.FWD >> — Nudge left by chosen value. — Shuttle forward. MARKER Go to next marker. NUDGE Nudge right by chosen value. CYCLE Engage Cycle mode and set right locator to playhead. DROP Engage Autopunch and set punch out to locator. In Marker mode: — Go to previous marker. In Nudge mode: — STOP — Stop. PLAY — Play SHIFT Pause — Record RECORD 108 Nudge right by chosen value. Chapter 3 Mackie Control Cursor Keys Mackie Control Modifier Function/Comments Cursor Left/Right If in Mixer view: — Select previous/next parameter of current view. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. If in Channel Strip EQ, Send view or Plug-in/Instrument Edit view: — Shift current editor page by one page. x/ALT Shift current editor page by one parameter. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. Otherwise (always in Nudge mode): — Mimic computer keyboard Left/Right Arrow keys. ZOOM Scroll window horizontally by page. In Zoom mode: — Change horizontal zoom level. SHIFT Reset individual track zoom of current track (Cursor Left) or all tracks of same type (Cursor Right). Cursor Up/Down In Channel Strip EQ, Send view or Plug-In/Instrument Editor view: — Select previous/next EQ band, Send, or Insert slot. ZOOM Scroll window vertically by page. Otherwise (always in Nudge mode): — Mimic computer keyboard Up/Down Arrow keys. ZOOM Scroll window vertically by page. In Zoom mode: ZOOM — Change vertical zoom level. SHIFT Change individual track zoom of current track. — Switch between default cursor button behavior (see above) and Zoom mode. SHIFT Switch between default cursor button behavior and permanently mimicking computer keyboard arrow keys. Chapter 3 Mackie Control 109 Jog/Scrub Wheel Control Modifier Function Jog Wheel — Move the playhead forward or back. CYCLE Set the Left locator to the current playhead position, advance the playhead as normally, then set the Right locator to the playhead position. Further Jog Wheel turns while still holding down CYCLE advances the playhead and sets the Right locator again. Tip: Rotating the Jog Wheel counterclockwise while holding down CYCLE defines a skip-cycle range. DROP Set the punch in locator to the current playhead position, advance the playhead as normally, then set the punch out locator to the playhead position. Further Jog Wheel turns while still holding down DROP advances the playhead and sets the punch out locator again. — Activate/Deactivate Scrub mode. SHIFT Enable Shuttle mode on the Jog Wheel (SCRUB button LED flashes) SCRUB button External Inputs 110 Input Modifier Function USER SWITCH A — Play/Stop USER SWITCH B — Record EXTERNAL CONTROL — Master Volume Chapter 3 Mackie Control 4 M-Audio iControl 4 This chapter introduces you to using the M-Audio iControl with Logic Express. Use of the iControl in Logic Express provides full compatibility with GarageBand projects. When you open a GarageBand project in Logic Express, you can edit it (using the iControl) in exactly the same manner as in GarageBand. You can also take full advantage of the greater control, editing, and processing power afforded by Logic Express. Given the hugely expanded functionality of Logic Express over GarageBand, some iControl buttons may not be assigned as you might expect. You can, however, easily reassign iControl buttons in the Controller Assignments window. For more information, see “Customizing Controller Assignments” on page 37. Setting Up Your iControl When you connect the iControl to any of your computer’s USB ports, Logic Express automatically detects the device. If any channels are muted, soloed, or record-enabled in the current project, the LED on the corresponding channel strip control is lit—to reflect the channel strip’s status. If Cycle mode is active, a lit LED also indicates this. Editing Plug-in Parameters In addition to editing volume, pan, and other channel strip functions, the iControl can edit any plug-in that can be automated in Logic Express. Many Logic Express effect and instrument plug-ins, and those of third-party manufacturers, feature dozens of parameters. You can access each of these parameters with the iControl. Should you find that a third-party plug-in does not support remote editing, or other features mentioned in this document, please contact the plug-in manufacturer to obtain an updated version. 111 Assignment Buttons You can use the buttons along the left side of the iControl—in the area labelled All Tracks and Selected Track—to select different functions for the rotary encoders (located along the right edge, in the channel strip area). In some cases, the channel strip area controls can change the functionality of the Select buttons. Volume Button Pressing the Volume button assigns the rotary encoders (in the channel strip area) to control volume for the eight active channels. The channel strip buttons—Select, Record Enable, Mute, and Solo—work as described in “Channel Strip Controls” on page 114. Pan Button Pressing the Pan button assigns the rotary encoders to control the pan/balance of the eight active channels. The channel strip button functionality is as per their defaults. Track Info Button Pressing the Track Info button activates Channel Strip Channel view. In this mode, you can use the Select (Sel) buttons and rotary encoders to edit the global parameters of the selected channel strip. The Record Enable, Mute, and Solo buttons retain their default functions.  Sel button 1 to 5: Switches the bypass status of the first five Insert slots.  Sel button 6 and 7: Switches the bypass status of the first and second Send slots.  Sel button 8: Not assigned. In Channel Strip Channel view, each of the Select buttons is lit when the respective Insert or Send slot is enabled, and unlit when the slot is bypassed.  Encoder 1: If the selected channel is an audio channel strip with a Noise Gate effect, controls the Threshold parameter of the Noise Gate (if inserted in the selected channel strip).  Encoder 2: If the selected channel is an audio channel strip with a Compressor effect, controls the Compressor’s Ratio. Note: The assignments for Encoder 1 and 2 are optimized for GarageBand Real Instrument tracks, which have a default Noise Gate and Compressor effect inserted.      112 Encoders 3 and 4 are not assigned. Encoder 5 controls the Pan knob of the channel. Encoder 6 controls the Send (amount) level for the first Send of the channel. Encoder 7 controls the Send (amount) level for the second Send of the channel. Encoder 8 controls the Volume fader of the channel. Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl Generator If the selected channel strip is an instrument channel strip, pressing the Generator button assigns the rotary encoders to edit the sound generation parameters of the instrument. These assignments are in groups of eight parameters. The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons switch to the previous or next page of eight parameters. Note: Activation of the Generator button has no effect if the selected channel strip is not a software instrument channel strip. Effect 1 and Effect 2 Pressing Effect 1 assigns the rotary encoders to edit the parameters of the third Insert slot (of the selected channel strip). Pressing Effect 2 assigns the rotary encoders to edit the parameters of the fourth Insert slot (if a fourth Insert slot is used). The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons switch to the previous or next page of parameters. Pressing the Effect 1 or Effect 2 button, while holding down the Option button, switches the bypass status of Insert slots 3 and 4, respectively. When using the Arrow buttons to switch between parameter pages—accessed through use of the Generator, Effect 1, or Effect 2 buttons—the parameters change in groups of eight (unless the parameters on the last page do not make a complete group of eight). As an example, if a plug-in has 19 parameters and the iControl is controlling parameters 1 to 8:  Pressing the Arrow Up button shifts to parameters 9 to 16.  Pressing the Arrow Up button a second time shifts to parameters 12 to 19  Pressing the Arrow Down button shifts back to parameters 9 to 16, not 4 to 11. This way, you always revert to the page positions you expect to find, and are comfortable with. EQ Pressing the EQ button allows you to edit the EQ parameters of the selected channel strip. If a Channel EQ exists on the selected channel strip, pressing the EQ button opens the EQ plug-in window. If no Channel EQ exists on the selected channel strip, it is inserted automatically. The Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons switch to the next or previous EQ parameter page. Each Assignment button has two modes: Mixer view and Channel view, which determine whether the rotary encoders (and in some cases, the Select buttons) edit separate channels or the same channel. For more information, see “Mixer View and Channel View” on page 116. Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl 113 Arrow Up and Arrow Down Buttons The iControl has channel strip controls for eight channel strips, which default to channel strips 1 to 8. To access further channel strips, press the Arrow Up button. This switches to channel strips 9 through 16. Press the Arrow Up button again to switch to channel strips 17 to 24, or press the Arrow Down button to return to channel strips 1 to 8. When using the Arrow buttons to switch between groups of channel strips, the channel strips follow groupings of eight (starting from channel strip 1) unless the lastmost channel strips do not make a complete group of eight. As an example, if a project has 19 channel strips, and the iControl is controlling channel strips 1 to 8:  Pressing the Arrow Up button shifts to channel strips 9 to 16.  Pressing the Arrow Up button again shifts to channel strips 12 to 19.  Pressing the Arrow Down button shifts back to channel strips 9 to 16, not 4 to 11. Pressing the Arrow Up button, while holding down the Option button, jumps to the first eight channel strips in the project. Similarly, pressing the Option and Arrow Down buttons jumps to the last eight channel strips in the project. To provide you with an example, if a project has 64 channel strips, pressing Option-Arrow Up jumps to channel strips 57 to 64, and pressing Option-Arrow Down jumps to channel strips 1 to 8. Note: If the Generator, EQ, Effect 1, or Effect 2 button is lit, the functionality of the Arrow Up and Arrow Down buttons are as described in the Generator, Effect 1, and Effect 2 sections. See the preceding pages for details. Channel Strip Controls The right side of the iControl features eight rows of controls that you can use to edit channel strips. Each row includes Select, Record Enable, Mute, and Solo buttons—plus a rotary encoder. The channel strip controls are described in the following sections: Select Button Pressing a channel Select button chooses the channel for channel-based editing, or assignment commands. When a channel is selected, “Sel” is lit on the button. Note: If the Track Info button is illuminated, the Select buttons behave differently. See “Track Info Button” on page 112 for details. 114 Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl Record Enable Button Pressing a channel Record Enable button (denoted by a centered white dot) arms the associated channel strip for recording. When a channel is armed for recording, the dot is lit. Pressing the Record Enable button a second time disables recording for the channel. To disarm all channel strips, hold down the Option button while pressing the Record Enable button of any channel. Mute Button Pressing a channel Mute button (denoted by a speaker icon) mutes the channel. The speaker icon is lit when the channel strip is muted. Pressing the Mute button a second time un-mutes the channel strip. To un-mute all channel strips, hold down the Option button and press the Mute button of any channel. Solo Button Pressing a channel Solo button (denoted by a headphone icon) solos the channel. The headphone icon is lit when the channel strip is soloed. Pressing the Solo button a second time exits solo mode for the channel strip. To hear (un-solo) all channel strips, hold down the Option button and press the Solo button of any channel. Rotary Encoder Each channel features a rotary encoder, located to the right of the Solo button. The function assigned to the encoders changes when different Assignment buttons are pressed. See “Assignment Buttons” on page 112. Pressing the Option button, while turning a rotary encoder—regardless of the active assignment mode—switches between the parameter’s minimum, default, and maximum values. Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl 115 Mixer View and Channel View The rotary encoders operate in two views—Mixer view and Channel view. Switching between these views determines whether the rotary encoders (and in some cases, the Select buttons) edit separate channels, or a single channel.  Mixer view: Accesses the same parameter for eight channel strips, such as pan or volume (normally a section of the Mixer window).  Channel view: Accesses eight parameters of the selected channel strip. Switching to a Mixer or Channel view is achieved by pressing one of the Assignment buttons. For more information on use of the Assignment buttons, see “Assignment Buttons” on page 118. The Jog Wheel You can navigate through projects with the Jog Wheel, located towards the lower-left of the iControl, just above the Transport controls. Turning the wheel clockwise moves the playhead forward. Turning it to the left moves the playhead backwards. Transport Controls The Transport controls, at the bottom left of the iControl, feature six large buttons: Record, Return to Zero, Rewind, Play, Fast Forward, and Cycle. You can use these buttons to navigate your projects and perform a number of recording and editing tasks. Record Button Press the Record button (denoted by a large white dot) to activate recording on channel strips that are currently armed for recording (see “Record Enable Button” on page 115). Return to Zero Button Press the Return to Zero button (denoted by a vertical line and left arrow) to move the playhead to the beginning of the project. Rewind Button Quickly press the Rewind button (denoted by two left arrows) to move the playhead backwards by one bar. Hold down the Rewind button to continuously move the playhead backwards in one bar steps. You can also press the Rewind and Cycle buttons simultaneously—to activate Cycle mode, and set the left cycle border (left locator) to the current playhead position. 116 Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl Play/Stop Press the Play button (denoted by a right arrow) to start playback from the current playhead position—or to stop playback—if the project is currently playing. Fast Forward Button Quickly press the Fast Forward button (denoted by two right arrows) to move the playhead forward by one bar. Hold down the Fast Forward button to continuously move the playhead forward in one bar increments. You can also press the Fast Forward and Cycle buttons simultaneously—to activate Cycle mode, and set the right cycle border (right locator) to the current playhead position. Cycle Button Press the Cycle button (denoted by two circular arrows) to activate Cycle mode. If Cycle mode is active, pressing the Cycle button deactivates it. You can activate Cycle mode—and set the left and right cycle locators, respectively— by using the Rewind or Fast Forward and Cycle buttons together. To set the left and right locators, and activate Cycle mode: 1 Use the Jog Wheel to move the playhead to the desired left locator position, then press both the Cycle and Rewind buttons. 2 Do one of the following:  Navigate to the desired right locator position with the Jog Wheel, then press the Cycle and Fast Forward buttons simultaneously.  Hold down the Cycle button, navigate to the position where you want to set the right locator using the Jog Wheel, then release the Cycle button. Master Fader Moving the Master fader on the iControl sets the level of the Master fader in the Logic Express Mixer window. The Master fader changes the level of all output channels, but does not affect the relative levels of these channels (that precede the Master fader in the signal path). Move the fader left to decrease the master level, or to the right to increase the master level. Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl 117 Assignment Overview The following assignment tables show all assignments for each control—with and without the Option button (for the Assignment buttons and channel strip controls)—or the Cycle button (for the Jog Wheel and Transport buttons) being pressed. Assignment Buttons The Assignment buttons in the All Tracks and Selected Tracks area defines the behavior of the channel strip controls. iControl button Modifier Function/Comments Volume — Encoders control channel’s Level fader. Pan — Encoders control channel’s Pan/Balance control. Generator — Encoders control software instrument parameters. Track Info — Encoders control channel strip parameters. EQ — Encoders control EQ parameters. Effect 1 — Encoders control Insert 3 parameters. Effect 2 — Encoders control Insert 4 parameter. Option — Modifier for other controls; while held down, the modified control either: applies the function to all channel strips—or sets the parameter to its minimum, default, or maximum value. Arrow Up/Down — Shift fader bank left/right by number of channel strips. Option Shift fader bank to first or last group of channels in the project. Channel Strip Controls (x8) iControl Encoder Record Enable Solo Mute Sel 118 Modifier Function/Comments — Modify currently selected parameter. Option Sets parameter to minimum, default, or maximum value. — Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button of channel strip. Option Disables Record Enable buttons of all channel strips. — Activates/Deactivates Solo button of channel strip. Option Disables Solo buttons of all channel strips. — Activates/Deactivates Mute button of channel strip. Option Disables Mute buttons of all channel strips. — Select channel strip, except in Channel view. Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl Jog Wheel iControl Jog Wheel Modifier Function/Comments — Moves playhead. Cycle Set the left locator to the current playhead position, advance the playhead as per usual, then set the right locator to the new playhead position. Further Jog Wheel turns (to the right) while holding down the Cycle button advances the playhead and resets the right locator position. Tip: Rotating the Jog Wheel counter-clockwise (to the left) while holding down Cycle defines a skip-cycle range. Transport Buttons iControl Modifier Function/Comments Record — Record Return To Zero — Go to beginning of project. Rewind — Moves the playhead one bar backward. If held, continue to scroll backwards. Cycle Engage Cycle function, and set left locator to playhead position. Play — Play or Stop. Fast Forward — Move the playhead one bar forward. If held, continue to scroll forwards. Cycle Engage Cycle function, and set right locator to playhead position. — Switches Cycle mode on or off. Cycle Chapter 4 M-Audio iControl 119 5 CM Labs Motormix 5 Setting Up Your CM Labs Motormix Please follow the steps outlined below to use your CM Labs Motormix control surface with Logic Express. To set up your CM Labs Motormix in Logic Express: 1 Ensure that your Motormix unit is connected bi-directionally with the MIDI interface. 2 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 3 Choose New > Install from the Setup window’s local menu. 4 Select Motormix in the Install window, click Add, then set the appropriate MIDI In and Out ports in the Setup window. 121 Assignment Overview A modifier button (SHIFT, for example) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning while holding down this modifier. Select Buttons The Select buttons (buttons just below the LCD) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode. Mode Assignment Normal Selects channel displayed in upper LCD line. Channels can be shifted to the left and right with the View left and right buttons. Bank button Channel View mode: Select buttons switch between displayed channel strips: LED flashing  1: Switches to Single view.  2: Switches to Arrange view.  3: All view, MIDI channels  4: All view, input channels  5: All view, audio channels  6: All view, instrument channels  7: All view, aux and bus channels  8: All view, output and master channels 122 WINDOW/ tool button LED on Window Select mode: Select buttons open, assign key focus, or close a particular window type. LED off: If the window is not open, the button opens it. LED on: If the window is open, but does not have key focus, the button activates it. LED flashes: If the window has key focus, the button closes it.  1: Arrange window  2: Mixer  3: Event List  4: Score Editor  5: Hyper Editor  6: Piano Roll Editor  7: Transport Bar window  8: Audio Bin WINDOW/ tool button flashes Select Tool mode: Select buttons choose a tool.  1: Pointer  2: Pencil  3: Eraser  4: Text tool  5: Scissors  6: Glue tool  7: Solo tool  8: Mute tool Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix Mode Assignment PLAY/ transport button flashes Transport section mode  1: Record  2: Pause  3: Stop  4: Play  5: Rewind  6: Fast Forward  Upper LCD row displays current playhead position. STOP/locate button flashes Locate mode  1: Goes to left locator.  2: Goes to right locator.  3: Enables or disables Cycle mode.  4: Enables or disables Autopunch mode.  5: Enters Marker mode (see below).  6: Opens Marker List.  Upper LCD row displays current playhead position. Marker mode  1 to 6: Select markers 1 to 6. Marker names are displayed in the upper LCD row.  7: Creates a new marker.  8: Deletes selected marker. Group Edit mode Switches between group parameters. Parameter display can be shifted by the View left and right buttons, when the SHIFT button is held down. Effect Assign Enters Effect Edit mode for the selected channel. mode Effect Edit mode Enables/disables the selected parameter, or resets it to the default value. Instrument Enters Instrument Edit mode for the selected (instrument) channel. Assign mode Instrument Edit mode Enables/disables the selected parameter, or resets it to the default value. Note: In modal dialogs, the Select buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 123 Rotary Pots Control Assignment Rotary pots 1 to 8 Control parameter chosen with the Rotary Selector, as displayed in the 7 segment display (see below). 7 segment display Shows current selection for rotary pots: Send/EQ editing (S-MUTE or PRE/PST LED is on):  S1 to S8 = Send 1 to 8 level  F1 to F8 = EQ band 1 to 8 frequency  G1 to G8 = EQ band 1 to 8 gain  q1 to q8 = EQ band 1 to 8 Q factor Pan editing (select LED is on):  Pn = Pan Channel parameter editing (eff-4 LED is on):  VL = Volume  Pn = Pan  FM = Channel input format  In = Channel input assignment  Ou = Channel output assignment  Au = Automation mode  Gr = Group membership Assignment:  d1 to d8 = Assign Send 1 to 8 destination Effect editing (DSP/compare LED is on):  P1 to 15 = Assign Insert slot 1 to 15 to effect.  P1. to 15. = Effect parameter editing Instrument editing (DSP/compare LED is on):  IA = Assign instrument to Instrument slot.  IE. = Instrument parameter editing Group property editing (group LED is on):  G1 to 32 = group number Rotary Selector Selects a slot or parameter for rotary encoders, depending on the parameter types being edited with the rotary encoders:  Send slot when editing send level or assigning send destination.  EQ band when editing an EQ parameter.  Effect/Instrument slot when assigning an effect or instrument.  Pan.  Channel parameter when editing a channel parameter.  Effect/instrument parameter page when editing an effect or instrument plug-in. Switches Flip mode between Off and Duplicate (faders mirror the rotary encoder Rotary assignments). Selector push button SHIFT Switches the channel strip display mode between:  Page info in upper line, parameter name in lower line.  Parameter name in upper line, parameter value in lower line. 124 Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix Multi Buttons These buttons (labelled A to H) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode, as indicated by the green and yellow LEDs to the right. Mode Assignment fx bypass Enables/disables bypass of currently selected insert effect. SHIFT (eff-1) Enables/disables bypass of currently selected EQ band, and switches rotary encoders to EQ frequency editing. s-mute Enables/disables bypass of currently edited send, and switches rotary encoders to send level editing. SHIFT (eff-2) Enables/disables bypass of currently selected EQ band, and switches rotary encoders to EQ Gain editing. pre/post Switches between pre and post-fader modes of currently edited send, and switches rotary encoders to send level editing. Post mode is indicated by a lit LED. SHIFT (eff-3) Enables/disables bypass of currently selected EQ band, and switches rotary encoders to (EQ) Q factor editing. select Switches rotary encoders to Pan editing. The parameter is chosen with the rotary selector. SHIFT (eff-4) Switches rotary encoders to channel parameter editing. Note: In modal dialogs, the Multi buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 125 Burn Buttons These buttons (labelled I to P) have multiple uses, depending on the current mode, as indicated by the red LEDs to the left. Mode Assignment record Enables/disables Record Enable status of channel. SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode to Latch. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all channels to Latch. write Switches automation mode to Write. ALL Switches automation mode of all channels to Write. SHIFT (fnctB) Switches automation mode to Read. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all channels to Read. burn Switches automation mode to Touch. ALL Switches automation mode of all channels to Touch. SHIFT (fnctC) Switches automation mode to Off. ALL + SHIFT (fnctA) Switches automation mode of all channels to Off. Note: In modal dialogs, the Burn buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. SOLO Buttons These buttons switch the Solo status of the displayed channel. Note: In modal dialogs, the Solo buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. MUTE Buttons These buttons switch the Mute status of the displayed channel. Note: In modal dialogs, the Mute buttons generate the computer keyboard character shown on the button face. 126 Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix VIEW Section Control Assignment Left/right buttons In Effect and Instrument Plug-in Edit modes: shifts the parameter bank. In other modes:  If BANK LED is off: shifts the fader bank by one channel.  If BANK LED is on: shifts the fader bank by one bank (a group of 8 channels). SHIFT In Effect and Instrument Plug-in Edit modes: shifts the parameter bank by one parameter. In Group Edit mode, the group parameter bank is shifted. bank Switches mode of left/right buttons (see above). SHIFT Sets Select buttons to Channel View mode. group Sets Select buttons, rotary encoders, and Multi buttons to Group Edit mode. SHIFT Displays channel group assignments in the LCD. The rotary encoders allow you to change assignments. Left Function Buttons Control Assignment AUTO ENBL/mode Currently unassigned. SHIFT Switches rotary encoders to Automation Enable mode. SUSPEND/create While held down, the groups are temporarily disabled. SHIFT Creates a new group, and enters Group Edit mode. PLUG-IN/compare Switches rotary encoders and Multi buttons to Effect Assign mode. Use the Rotary Select knob to choose the Insert slot that you want to edit. In Effect or Instrument Assign mode, it switches to Pan mode. In Effect Edit mode, it switches to Effect Assign mode. In Instrument Edit mode, it switches to Instrument Assign mode. SHIFT Switches rotary encoders and Multi buttons to Instrument Assign mode. WINDOW/tools Switches Select buttons to Window Select mode. SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Select Tool mode. ALL/ALT/FINE While ALL/ALT/FINE is held down, rotary encoders are in full mode: rotating counter-clockwise sets minimum, rotating clockwise sets maximum value. SHIFT While SHIFT and ALL/ALT/FINE are held down, rotary encoders are in fine mode. Parameter changes are made in single unit (or smaller) values. DEFAULT/bypass Currently unassigned. SHIFT In Instrument Edit mode: switches bypass state of the instrument. In Effect Edit mode: switches bypass state of the effect being edited. UNDO/save Performs an undo step. The LED is lit if there is a Redo step available. SHIFT Saves the project. The LED is lit if the project contains unsaved changes. SHIFT Switches to Shift mode—where the functions indicated by the (inverted) labels below the buttons apply. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 127 Faders The faders normally control volume, except when in Flip mode, where they duplicate the rotary encoder assignments. Right Function Buttons Control Assignment PLAY/ transport Play key command SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Transport Section mode. STOP/locate Stop key command SHIFT Switches Select buttons to Locate mode. FFWD/monitor REWIND/status Shuttle Forward key command Shuttle Rewind key command SHIFT Opens Project Settings Synchronization window. NEXT/configure Moves playhead to next marker. LAST/assign When rotary encoders are displaying send destinations, use of LAST/assign reverts to displaying send levels. Otherwise: moves playhead to previous marker. SHIFT When rotary encoders are displaying send levels, use of LAST/assign switches them to display send destinations. When rotary encoders are in Effect Edit mode, use of LAST/assign switches them to Effect Assign mode. When rotary encoders are in Instrument Edit mode, use of LAST/assign switches them to Instrument Assign Mode. ENTER/utility Identical to Enter key on computer keyboard. SHIFT Opens Project Settings Automation window. ESCAPE 128 When LED is lit, escapes from “special” mode (denoted by flashing LED). At all other times: identical to Esc key on computer keyboard. Chapter 5 CM Labs Motormix 6 Frontier Design TranzPort 6 Setting Up Your Frontier Design TranzPort The following section outlines the steps required to use your Frontier Design TranzPort control surface with Logic Express. To set up your Frontier Design TranzPort device in Logic Express: 1 Ensure that the software shipped with the TranzPort is installed. 2 Make sure that the Tranz Bridge (the wireless transmitter) is connected to the computer via USB. When Logic Express is opened, it installs the TranzPort automatically, and sets it to native mode. LCD The LCD displays the following information:  Top line left: Name of currently displayed channel  Top line middle: Volume level of currently displayed channel  Top line right: Pan position of currently displayed channel  Bottom line left: Level meter of currently displayed channel  Bottom line right: Current playhead position 129 Assignment Overview A SHIFT (or other modifier) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate meaning, while holding down this modifier. Channel Strip Control Assignment Shifts the currently displayed channel right—by one channel. SHIFT Shifts the currently displayed channel right—by eight channels. REC Activates/deactivates the Record Enable button of the currently displayed channel. SHIFT Disables the Record Enable buttons of all channels. SOLO Enables/disables Solo for the currently displayed channel. SHIFT Disables Solo for all channels. MUTE Enables/disables Mute for the currently displayed channel. SHIFT Disables Mute for all channels. ANY SOLO Lit if any tracks, channels, or regions are soloed. UNDO Undo SHIFT Redo Master Section Control Assignment SHIFT Modifier that alters the function of other controls. IN Moves playhead to left cycle locator. PUNCH Engages Autopunch mode, and sets punch in locator to playhead position. LOOP Engages Cycle mode, and sets left cycle locator to playhead position. OUT Goes to right cycle locator. PUNCH Engages Autopunch mode, and sets punch out locator to playhead position. LOOP Engages Cycle mode, and set right cycle locator to playhead position. PUNCH Enables/disables Autopunch mode. LOOP Enables/disables Cycle mode. PREV Moves playhead to previous marker. SHIFT Sets locators by previous marker. ADD Creates marker at playhead position. SHIFT Deletes marker at playhead position. NEXT Moves playhead to next marker. SHIFT Sets locators by next marker. 130 Chapter 6 Frontier Design TranzPort Control Assignment Jog Wheel Depending on current Jog Wheel mode: • Moves playhead by bars. • Controls audio (and MIDI) scrubbing. • Shuttles forward or backwards. SHIFT Adjusts volume of the currently displayed channel. LOOP Sets the left locator to the current playhead position, advances the playhead as per usual, then sets the right locator to the playhead position. Further Jog Wheel use—while holding down LOOP—advances the playhead, and sets the right locator. Tip: Rotating the Jog Wheel counter-clockwise, while holding down LOOP, defines a skip cycle range. DROP Sets the punch in locator to the current playhead position, advances the playhead as per usual, then sets the punch out locator to the playhead position. Further Jog Wheel use—while holding down DROP—advances the playhead, and sets the punch out locator. REW Shuttles backward. SHIFT Goes to last play position. PUNCH Engages Autopunch mode, and sets punch in locator to playhead position. LOOP Engages Cycle mode, and sets left locator to playhead position. F FWD Shuttles forward. PUNCH Engages Autopunch mode, and sets punch out locator to playhead position. LOOP Engages Cycle mode, and sets right locator to playhead position. STOP Stop SHIFT Switches Jog Wheel between Move Playhead (by bars), Scrubbing, and Shuttle modes. PLAY Play SHIFT Pause RECORD Record SHIFT Save External Input Control Assignment Foot Switch Punch In/Out Chapter 6 Frontier Design TranzPort 131 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 7 Setting Up Your JL Cooper CS-32 MiniDesk Please follow the steps outlined below to use your JL Cooper CS-32 MiniDesk control surface with Logic Express. To add units connected via USB: 1 Install the software that ships with the CS-32. 2 Ensure that the CS-32 is in Host mode. 3 Make sure that your CS-32 units are connected to the computer via USB. USB units are installed automatically when you open Logic Express. To add units connected via MIDI: 1 Install the software that ships with the CS-32. 2 Ensure that the CS-32 is in Host mode: 3 Make sure that your CS-32 units are connected to the computer via MIDI. 4 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 5 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 6 Select the CS-32 from the list in the Install window. 7 Click the Scan button. 133 Assignment Overview A modifier (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates an alternate meaning for the button, while holding down this modifier. Display The display shows information on the current mode, and parameter being edited: Display text Meaning -- A switching parameter (Solo, Mute, Rec/Rdy) has been disabled. AE Automation Enable setup: Mute buttons 1–6 display/set various automation parameters. AS Pots (knobs) are in Pan/Send Assignment mode. b1–b9 Pots are in Plug-in or Instrument Bank Select mode. In Pots are in Instrument Edit mode. Lt Mute buttons display/set Latch automation mode. Mu Mute has been enabled. P1–P9 Pots are in Effect Edit mode. PA Pots are in Pan/Send mode. rd Mute buttons display/set Read automation mode. Re Rec/Rdy has been enabled. So Solo has been enabled. Tc Mute buttons display/set Touch automation mode. Wr Mute buttons display/set Write automation mode. Other text When a channel is selected, the first two characters of its name are briefly displayed. Numbers While editing a numerical value with a fader or pot, the current value is displayed. If there are more than two digits in the value, the last two digits are shown. Plus/minus signs (+/–) are shown if only one digit is displayed. Pots As the pots are not motorized, Pickup mode is used—if enabled in the Control Surfaces preferences. In Pickup mode, the controller must reach (pick up) the current value before the value starts to change. This prevents sudden jumps of parameter values caused by playing back automation. A pot’s current value is indicated by the NULL arrow LEDs.  The Upper arrow is lit if the pot’s value is above the current value.  The Lower arrow is lit if the pot’s value is below the current value.  Both arrow LEDs are lit when the pot has reached the current value. The pots can operate in one of three modes, with one sub-mode in each. 134 Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk Pan/Send Mode Press F7 to enable Pan/Send mode (display shows “PA”). In this mode, the pots control the following channel parameters: Control Assignment SEND A/P1 Controls Send 1 level of selected channel. SEND B/P2 Controls Send 2 level of selected channel. PAN/P3 Controls pan of selected channel. SEND C/P4 Controls Send 3 level of selected channel. SEND D/P5 Controls Send 4 level of selected channel. SEND E/P6 Controls Send 5 level of selected channel. While SHIFT is held down (display shows “AS”), the pots allow you to perform the following assignments: Control Assignment SEND A/P1 Assigns Send 1 destination (bus) for selected channel. SEND B/P2 Assigns Send 2 destination for selected channel. PAN/P3 Assigns input format of selected channel. SEND C/P4 Assigns Send 3 destination for selected channel. SEND D/P5 Assigns Send 4 destination for selected channel. SEND E/P6 Assigns Send 5 destination for selected channel. Instrument Edit Mode Press F8 to enter Instrument Edit mode (display shows “In”). The pots control (software) instrument parameters. With SHIFT held down (display shows “b1”–“b9”), you can move between banks (pages) of parameters (see “Cursor Section” on page 137). Effect Edit Mode Press F9 to enter Effect Edit mode (display shows “P1”–“P9”). The pots control the parameters of the effect in the currently selected Insert slot. With SHIFT held down (display shows “b1”–“b9”), you can switch between Insert slots, and move between banks (pages) of parameters (see “Cursor Section” on page 137). Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 135 Channel Strips Control Assignment PAN SELECT/TRACK SELECT Selects channel strip (destination for the selected track). SOLO Enables/disables Solo. LOCATE Moves playhead to markers 1 to 32. SHIFT LOCATE 17: LOCATE 18: LOCATE 19: LOCATE 25: LOCATE 26: LOCATE 28: LOCATE 29: LOCATE 30: LOCATE 31: LOCATE 32: MUTE Creates a new marker. Creates a new marker without rounding. Deletes the marker at the playhead position. Opens the Marker List. Opens the Marker Text window. Sets locators by previous marker. Sets locators by current marker. Sets locators by next marker. Moves playhead to previous marker. Moves playhead to next marker. Enables/disables Mute. F1 Automation Enable setup (display shows “AE”). MUTE 1: Enables/disables volume automation. MUTE 2: Enables/disables pan automation. MUTE 3: Enables/disables mute automation. MUTE 4: Enables/disables automation of solo. MUTE 5: Enables/disables send (level) automation. MUTE 6: Enables/disables automation of plug-in parameters. F2 Switches automation mode between Read and Off (display shows “Td”). F3 Switches automation mode between Touch and Off (display shows “Tc”). F4 Switches automation mode between Latch and Off (display shows “Lt”). F5 Switches automation mode between Write and Off (display shows “Wr”). ARM Activates/deactivates Record Enable button. Faders Control volume. As the faders don’t offer feedback, pickup mode is used, as per the pots. See the pickup information in the Pots section on page 134. Bank Button 136 Control Assignment (Small red button with green LED) LED off: Black labels of channel strip buttons apply (TRK/LOC/ARM). LED on: White labels of channel strip buttons apply (PAN/SOLO/MUTE). Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk F Key Section Control Assignment SHIFT Modifier for function of other controls. See SHIFT entries in left column. F1 While held down, MUTE buttons 1–6 enable/disable automation of certain parameters (see MUTE). SHIFT Enables/Disables Cycle mode. F2 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Read. SHIFT Enables/Disables Autopunch mode. F3 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Touch. SHIFT Sets left locator to the current playhead position. F4 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Latch. SHIFT Sets right locator to the current playhead position. F5 While held down, MUTE buttons set automation mode to Write. SHIFT Sets punch in locator to the current playhead position. F6 SHIFT Sets punch out locator to the current playhead position. F7 Sets pots to Pan/Send mode (display shows “PA”). SHIFT Enables/disables metronome click. F8 Sets pots to Instrument Edit mode (display shows “In”). F9 Sets pots to Effect Edit mode (display shows “P1”–“P9”). Cursor Section Control Assignment Up Zooms out vertically. SHIFT In Effect Edit mode: moves up one Insert slot (unless top slot is selected). Down Zooms in vertically. SHIFT In Effect Edit mode: moves down one Insert slot (unless last slot is selected). Left Zooms out horizontally. SHIFT In Instrument and Effect Edit modes: decrements current parameter bank (moves down one bank, or page, of parameters). Right Zooms in horizontally. SHIFT In Instrument and Effect Edit modes: increments current parameter bank (moves up one bank, or page, of parameters). Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 137 Transport Section Control Assignment RECORD Record STOP Stop REW Moves playhead backward by one bar. PLAY Play F FWD Moves playhead forward by one bar. Jog Wheel Section 138 Control Assignment Jog Wheel SCRUB off: Moves playhead (in bar increments). SCRUB on: Scrubbing of audio (and MIDI) is possible. SHUTTLE on: Shuttle mode SCRUB Switches Jog Wheel between Move Playhead (by bars), and Scrubbing modes. SHUTTLE Switches Jog Wheel between Move Playhead (by bars) and Shuttle modes. Chapter 7 JLCooper CS-32 MiniDesk 8 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 8 What You Will Need You need one or more FaderMaster 4/100 (MIDI or USB version) units with firmware version 1.03 or higher. Important: If you have older firmware (see the sticker on the back of the unit), please contact JLCooper. Setting Up Your JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 Please follow these steps before using your Faster Master 4/100 control surface with Logic Express.  USB model only: Install the software that ships with the FaderMaster 4/100.  Ensure that your FaderMaster 4/100 units are connected to the computer via USB or MIDI. Note: USB units are installed automatically. To install units connected via MIDI: 1 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select the FaderMaster 4/100 from the list in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Note: You can combine several FaderMaster 4/100 units to form one large virtual control surface. The meaning/functionality of the Track buttons, however, are individually switched for each unit. 139 Assignment Overview The following assignment tables are broken down into zones of the FaderMaster 4/100. Global Buttons Control Assignment Select Switches Track buttons to track selection duties. Aux Switches Track buttons to emulate Record Enable buttons. Solo Switches Track buttons to emulate Solo buttons. Mute Switches Track Buttons to emulate Mute buttons. Inc Increases fader bank display to show next four channels. Dec Decreases fader bank display to show previous four channels. Channel Strip 140 Control Assignment Track button Performs currently selected function (Select, Record Enable, Solo, Mute). Fader Controls volume (touch sensitive and motorized). Chapter 8 JLCooper FaderMaster 4/100 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 9 Setting Up Your Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 The section below outlines the steps required before you can use your control surface with Logic Express. To set up your control surface with Logic Express: 1 Ensure that your units are connected to the computer via USB. 2 Open Logic Express. The units will be scanned for, and installed automatically. The microKONTROL/ KONTROL49 is automatically set to native mode—internal Scene settings are ignored. Note: If installation and identification fails it may be possible that the microKONTROL/ KONTROL49 reaction time is too slow, due to USB bus-power issues. In this situation, connect the supplied power adapter, and set the power switch to the DC position. When you quit Logic Express (or delete the control surface icon in the Control Surface Setup window), the microKONTROL/KONTROL49 is reset to normal (not native) operation. 141 Assignment Overview A modifier button, such as SHIFT (shown below a button description), indicates that the button has an alternate meaning, while holding down this modifier. Pads The Pads can operate in one of eight modes, and three overlays. While pressing SCENE, the Pads allow you to select modes for the Pads and channel strips. Releasing SCENE without pressing a Pad does not affect the currently selected Pad or channel views. Pad Assignment 1 Switches Pads to Transport mode. 2 Switches Pads to Solo/Mute mode. 3 Switches Pads to Rec/Select mode. 4–8 Switches Pads to User 4–8 mode. These modes have unassigned Pads. You can assign them to key commands with the Learn function. 9 Switches channel strips to Pan mode. 10 Switches channel strips to Send mode. 11 Switches channel strips to Automation mode. 12 Switches channel strips to Instrument Edit mode. 13 Switches channel strips to Effect Edit mode. 14–16 Switches channel strips to User 6–8 mode. These modes have unassigned encoders. You can assign them with the Logic Express Learn function. Transport Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 1. 142 Pad Assignment 1 Sets main encoder to Transport mode. 2 Sets main encoder to Scrub mode. 3 Sets main encoder to Shuttle mode. 7 Switches sync between internal and external. 8 Enables/disables metronome click (separately for Playback and Record). 9 Enables/disables Cycle mode. 10 Enables/disables Autopunch mode. 11 Enables/disables Replace mode. 12 Enables/disables Solo. 13 Record 14 Pause Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 Pad Assignment 15 Play 16 Stop Solo/Mute Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 2. Pad Assignment 1–8 Enables/disables Solo for the eight channels being controlled with the eight channel strips. 9–16 Enables/disables Mute for the eight channels being controlled with the eight channel strips. Rec/Select Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 3. Pad Assignment 1–8 Activates/deactivates the Record Enable button of the eight channels being controlled with the eight channel strips. 9–16 Selects one of the eight channels being controlled with the eight channel strips. User 4–8 Modes These modes are enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 4 to 8. In these modes, the Pads are unassigned. Use the Learn function (Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Learn Assignment for xxx) to assign them to key commands, for example. Note: When in Learn mode: if a pad is pressed and released immediately, the learned assignment does not work as expected. To successfully assign a key command: 1 Enable the Learn New Assignment button in the Key Commands window. 2 Choose the desired key command, then press and hold the pad, until the Learn New Assignment button switches to the “up” state. This slightly different approach is due to messages sent by the Korg devices: when the pad is immediately released, a value range is learned. Holding the pad until Learn mode disengages, results in a fixed value being learned. Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 143 Send Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 10. In Send mode, the channel strip encoders control the send (amount) level for the selected send. The Pads remain in the currently selected mode. Send Overlay Pressing SETTING, while the encoders are in Send mode, changes the operation of the Pads in Send mode. Pad Assignment 1–8 Switches the send bypass state (of the currently selected send) for the eight channel strips. 9–16 Switches the send position (pre/post fader) of the currently selected send, for the eight channel strips. Effect Edit Mode This mode is enabled by pressing SCENE and Pad 13. In Effect Edit mode, the channel strip encoders control the parameters of the currently selected effect. The Pads remain in the currently selected mode. Effect Edit Overlay Pressing SETTING while the encoders are in Effect-in Edit mode changes the operation of the Pads in Effect Edit mode. Pad Assignment 1–8 Switches the effect bypass state (of the currently selected Insert slot) for the eight channel strips. Main Section The main LCD shows information on the current mode of the encoders. Display text Meaning Encoders edit instrument parameters. Encoders edit effect parameters (xx indicates the currently selected Insert slot). Automatn Encoders set the automation mode. Ins. x (SETTING held down) Main encoder chooses the Insert slot number. ModePad? Displayed while SCENE button is held down. Pan Encoders control pan. Send x Encoders control send level of send x. User 6 Channel Strip User Mode 6. Encoders are initially unassigned. User 7 Channel Strip User Mode 7. Encoders are initially unassigned. User 8 Channel Strip User Mode 8. Encoders are initially unassigned. The LCD backlight is red while recording, and green at other times. 144 Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 The controls in the main section have the following meaning: Control Assignment Main encoder Controls the playhead in one of three modes (see Pads 1–3 in “Transport Mode” on page 142). SETTING Held down in Send mode:  Main encoder chooses the current send.  Pads have special meaning—see “Send Mode” on page 144.  LCDs display send destinations.  Encoders choose send destinations. Held down in Effect Edit mode:  Main encoder chooses the current Insert slot.  Pads have special meaning (see “Effect Edit Mode” on page 144).  LCDs display effect names—for all eight channels. MESSAGE Enables/disables Duplicate Flip mode. When enabled, both the faders and encoders control the parameter displayed in the LCDs. SCENE While held down, pads switch between Pad functions and channel views. See “Pads” on page 142. EXIT — HEX LOCK Shifts fader bank to the previous eight channels (LED is on, if previous channels exist). Shifts fader bank to the previous eight parameters in Effect Edit or Instrument Edit views. ENTER Shifts fader bank to the next eight channels (LED is on, if subsequent channels exist). Shifts fader bank to the next eight parameters in Effect Edit or Instrument Edit views. < Octave Shift Down > Octave Shift Up Channel Strips There are several modes for the encoders, enabled with SCENE and Pad 9–16. Control Assignment LCD Shows the parameter controlled by the encoder. The current name/value is displayed for a few seconds when you move an encoder or fader. When the encoders are in a Mixer view (Pan, Send, Send Setup), the background color indicates the channel automation mode:  Green: Off or Read  Yellow: Touch or Latch  Red: Write Encoder Controls the parameter shown directly above the encoder in the LCD. Fader Controls volume. As the faders don’t offer feedback Pickup mode is used—if enabled in the Control Surfaces preferences. This means that the fader must reach (“pick up”) the current parameter value before the value starts to change. Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 145 External Input 146 Control Assignment Foot Switch Starts and stops playback. Pedal Controls the master fader. Chapter 9 Korg microKONTROL and KONTROL49 10 Mackie Baby HUI 10 Setting Up Your Mackie Baby HUI Baby HUI units do not support automatic scanning. You need to manually add these devices to your setup. When you add a device in this way, you need to specify the MIDI In and Out port parameters. To set up Mackie Baby HUI units: 1 Make sure that your Baby HUI units are connected bi-directionally with the computer, using a MIDI interface. 2 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 3 Choose New > Install in the Setup window. 4 Select the Baby HUI in the Install window. 5 Click the Add button. 6 Select the added device in the Setup window, then assign the MIDI Input and MIDI Out parameters as appropriate. 147 Assignment Overview If SHIFT is shown below a button description, it indicates that the control has an alternate use while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Control Assignment Rotary encoder Adjusts the parameter selected in the Encoder Assignment section. Rotary encoder push button Selects a channel strip. SHIFT Turns Record Enable button of selected channel on/off. Signal indicator Illuminates when a signal is present in the channel. It also indicates channel selection. SOLO Enables or disables Solo. MUTE Enables or disables Mute. Fader Adjusts volume. Encoder Assignment Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns pan to rotary encoders. SEND 1 Assigns Send 1 level to rotary encoders. SEND 2 Assigns Send 2 level to rotary encoders. SEND 3 Assigns Send 3 level to rotary encoders. SEND 4 Assigns Send 4 level to rotary encoders. Automation Section Control BYPASS/OFF Assignment Sets selected channel to Off automation mode. SHIFT Enables or disables playback and recording of level (volume) automation. READ Sets selected channel to Read automation mode. SHIFT Enables or disables playback and recording of mute automation. WRITE Sets selected channel to Write automation mode. SHIFT Enables or disables playback and recording of pan automation. TOUCH Sets selected channel to Touch automation mode. SHIFT Enables or disables playback and recording of send level automation. 148 Chapter 10 Mackie Baby HUI Display Section Control Assignment TRANSPORT Opens or closes the Transport bar window. MEM–LOC Opens or closes the Marker List. MIXER Opens or closes the Mixer. EDIT Opens or closes the Arrange window. Utility Section Control Assignment UNDO Undoes the last editing step. SHIFT Shifts to alternate use of some buttons (see below). Navigation Section Control Assignment RTZ Navigates to the left locator. SHIFT Sets the punch in locator (at the current playhead position). END Navigates to the right locator. SHIFT Sets the punch out locator (at the current playhead position). BANK SELECT Left Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. SHIFT Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. BANK SELECT Right Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. SHIFT Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. Transport Section Control Assignment REWIND Shuttles backward. FAST FWD Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play RECORD Record Chapter 10 Mackie Baby HUI 149 11 Mackie C4 11 Setting Up Your Mackie C4 A connected and powered Mackie C4 unit will automatically be detected when you open Logic Express. You can use the C4 in an independent control surface group (with other control surface icons placed above/below the C4 icon), or combined in a group with one or more control surfaces (such as the Mackie Control—place the icon to the right or left of the existing icons). Although the C4 can be used independently, it is most useful when combined with other control surfaces, particularly the Mackie Control. In this scenario, the C4 adds eight channels in Mixer view. Using the C4 in its own control surface group allows you to edit instruments and effects independently, while performing mixing and other tasks on the Mackie Control or other control surface. V-Pots, V-Selects Functionality depends on the current view mode, and chosen overlay (see below). Each V-Pot features a V-Select switch, built into the knob top.  The top row (row 1) consists of V-Pots 1 to 8.  Row 2 consists of V-Pots 9 to 16.  Row 3 consists of V-Pots 17 to 24.  The bottom row (row 4) consists of V-Pots 25 to 32. V-Pot/V-Selects 1 to 8 When no overlay is active, V-Pots 1 to 8 (the top row) normally perform in the same way as their counterparts on a Mackie Control or Mackie Control XT. See “Assignment Zone” on page 68. 151 V-Pot/V-Selects 9 to 32 These V-Pots have additional functionality in different view modes. In Mixer (multi channel) views, the V-Pots of rows 2, 3, and 4 usually edit the parameter that follows the parameter edited on row 1. In Channel view, all four rows represent a group of 32 editable parameters. In Effect and Instrument Edit views, it can be split into two groups (8/24, 16/16 or 24/8 parameters), see “SPLIT” on page 158. Pan Mixer View In Pan Mixer view:  Row 1 edits pan. To access Pan Mixer view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 18 (labeled Surrnd Mixer). Pan Channel View V-Pot 1 edits the Pan (or Balance) parameter of the selected channel. To access Pan Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 26 (labeled Surrnd). 152 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Channel Strip Mixer View In Channel Strip Mixer view, the row order is reversed, so that the lowest row edits parameter 1. V-Pot row 4 (bottom row) edits the currently chosen channel parameter. Row 3 edits channel parameter 2, Row 2 edits channel parameter 3, and row 1 (top) edits channel parameter 4. The V-Pots edit the following channel parameters in this order: volume, pan, input format, input assignment, output assignment, automation mode, group, displayed automation parameter. To edit non-visible parameters: m Press the BANK Left/Right or SINGLE Left/Right buttons to change the parameter shown, and edited in row 4. The parameters shown in rows 1 to 3 will be adjusted accordingly. To access Channel Strip view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 17. EQ Mixer View In EQ Mixer view:  Row 1 sets the selected EQ band bypass state.  Row 2 edits the selected EQ band frequency.  Row 3 edits the selected EQ band gain/slope.  Row 4 edits the selected EQ band Q factor.  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons select the EQ band. Note: This only works if a Channel EQ is inserted in the selected channel strip. To access EQ Mixer view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 19 (labeled EQ Mixer). Chapter 11 Mackie C4 153 EQ Channel View In EQ Channel view:  Row 1 edits the frequency of all eight bands.  Row 2 edits the gain/slope of all eight bands.  Row 3 edits the Q factor of all eight bands.  Row 4 sets the bypass state of all eight bands. If no Channel EQ is present on the selected channel, a Channel EQ is automatically inserted when you enter the EQ Channel view. The TRACK L and TRACK R buttons switch to the previous or next channel. If you switch to a channel with no Channel EQ inserted, the C4 displays show “–”, and the corresponding V-Pots do nothing. To access EQ Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 27 (labeled EQs). Send Mixer View In Send Mixer view:  Row 1 edits the send destination of the selected Send slot (on the selected channel).  Row 2 edits the send level.  Row 3 edits the send position (pre/post fader).  Row 4 mutes/unmutes the send.  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons select the Send slot.  The TRACK L and TRACK R buttons shift the fader bank (to the left or right) by the number of channel strips in the control surface group. To access Send Mixer view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels appear on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 20 (labeled Sends Mixer). 154 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Send Channel View In Send Channel view:  Row 1 edits the (first) eight send destinations of the selected channel strip.  Row 2 edits the send level of sends 1 to 8.  Row 3 edits send positions 1 to 8 (pre/post fader).  Row 4 mutes/unmutes sends 1 to 8.  TRACK L and TRACK R switch to the previous or next channel. To access Send Channel view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 28 (labeled Sends). Effect Assign Mixer view In Effect Assign Mixer view, the C4 displays the first four Insert slots of the eight selected channels.  Turn a V-Pot to switch between effects (this browses through the effects listed in the Effect menu, shown in Logic Express mixer channels).  Press the respective V-Select to insert the chosen effect. This enters Effect Edit view, where you can directly edit effect parameters. See the section below for more information.  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons switch between Insert slots.  TRACK L and TRACK R shift the fader bank by the number of channel strips in the control surface group.  Holding SHIFT and pressing a V-Select switches the bypass state of the respective Insert slot. Bypassed effects are denoted by an asterisk which precedes the effect name. To access Effect Assign Mixer view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 21 (labeled PlugIn Mixer). Chapter 11 Mackie C4 155 Effect Edit View In Effect Edit view:  V-Pots 1 to 32 constitute a group of 32 parameters. Splitting is possible (see below).  The SLOT UP/DOWN buttons select the desired Insert slot.  BANK Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by one page.  In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper.  When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by 1.  In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper.  When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower. To access Effect Edit view: m Access Effect Assign Mixer view, then insert or select an effect (see section above for details). This automatically switches to Effect Edit view. Instrument Assign Mixer View In Instrument Assign Mixer view, the C4 displays the Instrument slots of the selected instrument channels.  Turn a V-Pot to select an instrument (this browses through the software instruments listed in the Instrument Plug-in menu).  Press the respective V-Select to insert the chosen instrument. This enters Instrument Edit view, where you can edit instrument parameters. See the section below for more information.  The TRACK L and TRACK R buttons shift the fader bank by the number of channel strips in the control surface group.  Holding SHIFT and pressing a V-Select switches the bypass state of the respective Instrument slot. An asterisk precedes the name of bypassed instruments. To access Instrument Assign Mixer view: 1 Hold the CHAN STRIP button. The channel strip overlay labels are shown on the C4 displays. 2 Press V-Select 22 (labeled Instru Mixer). 156 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Instrument Edit View In Instrument Edit View:  V-Pots 1 to 32 constitute a group of 32 parameters. Splitting is possible.  BANK Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by one page.  In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper.  When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the edited parameters by 1.  In Split mode, this applies to Split Upper.  When holding down SHIFT, this applies to Split Lower. To access Instrument Edit view: m Access Instrument Assign Mixer view, then insert or select an instrument (see section above for details). This automatically switches to Instrument Edit view. Cycle View Holding the CHAN STRIP button and pressing V-Select 31 activates Cycle view. In this mode, the V-Pots/V-Selects behave as follows:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 (labeled Cycle): Shows and edits the current Cycle mode status (off or on).  V-Select 2 (labeled BySet): Matches the cycle area to selections made in the Arrange window (selected audio or MIDI regions).  V-Pot 3 (labeled Move): Moves the current cycle area by a bar with each click of the V-Pot, when turned.  V-Pot 4: Moves the current cycle area by a beat with each click of the V-Pot, when turned.  The display shows the left and right locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up (uses) the current playhead position for the left locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the left locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the left locator position by beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up (uses) the current playhead position for the right locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the right locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the right locator position by beats (denominator steps). Chapter 11 Mackie C4 157 Punch View Holding the CHAN STRIP button and pressing V-Select 32 activates Punch view. In this mode, the V-Pots/V-Selects behave as follows:  V-Pot/V-Select 1 shows and edits the current Autopunch status (off or on).  V-Pot 3 (labeled Move): Moves the current punch in locator by a bar with each click of the V-Pot, when turned.  V-Pot 4: Moves the current punch in locator by a beat with each click of the V-Pot, when turned.  The display shows the punch in and punch out locators above V-Pots 5 and 7.  Pressing V-Select 5 picks up (uses) the current playhead position for the punch in locator.  Turning V-Pot 5 changes the punch in locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 6 changes the punch in locator position by beats (denominator steps).  Pressing V-Select 7 picks up (uses) the current playhead position for the punch out locator.  Turning V-Pot 7 changes the punch out locator position by bars.  Turning V-Pot 8 changes the punch out locator position by beats (denominator steps). Note: Changing a punch locator position with the C4 automatically enables Autopunch mode. Buttons at Bottom The following section outlines the functionality of the buttons at the bottom of the C4 control surface. SPLIT Switches edit split between 4/0, 1/3, 2/2, and 3/1 rows. Split Edit allows you to simultaneously edit two separate sections of a plug-in, or even two different plug-ins. Split Edit is also possible across multiple C4 units. As an example with two units, pressing the SPLIT button offers the following split modes:  1/7 (Split Upper is top line of first unit, Split Lower is bottom 3 lines of first unit and all lines of second unit. LED 1/3 is lit.)  2/6 (Split Upper is top two lines of first unit, Split Lower is bottom two lines of first unit and all lines of second unit. LED 2/1 is on.)  3/5 (LED 3/1 is on.)  4/4 (All three LEDs are on.)  5/3 (All three LEDs are on.)  6/2 (All three LEDs are on.)  7/1 (All three LEDs are on.) 158 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 LOCK Activates/deactivates Track Lock. When enabled, selecting a different track in the Arrange window does not switch the current track/channel selection on the C4. SPOT ERASE Currently unassigned. MARKER Switches between Marker overlay (see “Marker Overlay” on page 161) and normal view modes. TRACK Switches between Track overlay (see “Track Overlay” on page 161) and normal view modes. Alternate Mixer View Options Holding down the TRACK button accesses a further submenu in the lower LCD, enabling you to view particular channel types:  V-Select 25 switches to MIDI channel view.  V-Select 26 switches to input channel view.  V-Select 27 switches to audio channel view.  V-Select 28 switches to software instrument channel view.  V-Select 29 switches to auxiliary channel view.  V-Select 30 switches to bus channel view.  V-Select 31 switches to output channel view.  V-Select 32 switches to master channel view. Releasing the TRACK button without pressing a V-Select returns to Mixer view. CHAN STRIP Switches between Channel Strip overlay (see “Channel Strip Overlay” on page 162) and normal view modes. Alternate User View Options Holding down the CHAN STRIP button accesses a further submenu in the lower LCD:  V-Select 9 to 16 switches to one of eight user modes, where you can freely assign parameters to V-Pots or V-Selects.  V-Select 17 switches to Channel Strip Mixer view (see “Channel Strip Mixer View” on page 153).  V-Select 18 switches to Pan Mixer view (see “Pan Mixer View” on page 152).  V-Select 19 switches to EQ Mixer view (see “EQ Mixer View” on page 153).  V-Select 20 switches to Sends Mixer view (see “Send Mixer View” on page 154). Chapter 11 Mackie C4 159  V-Select 21 switches to Effect Assign Mixer view (see “Effect Assign Mixer view” on page 155).  V-Select 22 switches to Instrument Select Mixer view (see “Instrument Assign Mixer View” on page 156).  V-Select 26 switches to Pan Channel view (see “Pan Channel View” on page 152).  V-Select 27 switches to EQ Channel view (see “EQ Channel View” on page 154).  V-Select 28 switches to Send Channel view (see “Send Channel View” on page 155).  V-Select 31 activates the Cycle view (see “Cycle View” on page 157).  V-Select 32 activates the Drop view (see “Punch View” on page 158). FUNCTION Switches between Function overlay (see “Function Overlay” on page 162) and normal view modes. Modifier Buttons The four buttons in this area are similar to those found on your computer keyboard (but are independent of the keyboard modifiers). Many Logic Express functions behave differently when one or more modifier keys are pressed, in conjunction with another key or mouse click. This also applies to the C4 control surface. All modified C4 commands are covered in each function description. Here is a generic description of the modifier button functions:  SHIFT: Switches other buttons to an alternate function.  OPTION: While held down, parameters are set to the minimum, default, or maximum value when edited with a V-Pot.  CTRL: Disables the Group function.  x/ALT: While held down, parameters are edited in fine (high resolution) mode when a V-Pot is turned. BANK Left/Right Shifts the parameter display by one page (a group of parameters) in particular views. SINGLE Left/Right Shifts the parameter display by one parameter in particular views. 160 Chapter 11 Mackie C4 TRACK L/R In Mixer view, TRACK L/R shifts the fader bank left or right by the number of channel strips in the control surface group. As an example: If you have two C4 units in a control surface group, the view shifts by 16 channels. Simultaneously pressing TRACK L or TRACK R and OPTION moves to the first or last group of channels in the project (or parameter pages, if in an edit mode). As an example, if you are viewing the first eight channels (of 64) in the fader bank, pressing OPTION and TRACK L or TRACK R will show the last eight channels in the fader bank (channels 57 to 64). In Channel view, TRACK L/R selects the previous or next channel. With SHIFT held down: behaves as above, but only affects the Split Lower group (if Split mode is active). SLOT UP/DOWN Selects the desired EQ, Send, or Insert slot. Marker Overlay The Marker overlay is active when the MARKER button light is on.  V-Selects 1 to 30 are assigned to markers 1 to 30. The upper LCD line shows the marker name; the lower line displays INSIDE when the playhead falls within marker boundaries.  V-Select 31 creates a new marker.  V-Select 32 deletes the current marker. Track Overlay The Track overlay is active when the TRACK button light is on.  V-Select 1 to 32 changes the currently edited track/channel. When a track/channel is selected for Split Upper, the lower LCD line displays the word UPPER. If a track/ channel is selected for Split Lower, the word LOWER is shown. To select a track/channel for Split Upper, press the appropriate V-Select. To select a track/channel for Split Lower, press the V-Select while holding down SHIFT.  BANK Left/Right shifts the fader bank by the number of channels in the control surface group.  SINGLE Left/Right shifts the fader bank by one channel. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 161 Channel Strip Overlay The channel strip overlay is active when the CHAN STRIP button light is on.  V-Pot/V-Select row 1 edits the frequency and gain of EQ bands 3 to 6 (the parametric bands), provided an EQ effect is inserted in the current channel strip.  V-Pot/V-Select row 2 switches to Effect Edit mode for Inserts 1 to 8, provided an effect is inserted in the respective Insert slot. If no effect is inserted, turn the respective V-Pot to select an effect, then press the V-Select, to insert it.  V-Pot/V-Select row 3 edits Send 1 to 8 Level, provided the current channel has active sends.  V-Pot/V-Select 25 switches to Instrument Edit mode, provided the selected channel is routed to an instrument channel, and an instrument plug-in is inserted.  V-Pot/V-Select 26 edits the channel output destination.  V-Pot/V-Select 27 sets the automation mode.  V-Pot/V-Select 28 edits group membership.  V-Pot/V-Select 29 edits volume.  V-Pot/V-Select 30 edits pan.  V-Pot/V-Select 32 sets the channel input format. Function Overlay The Function overlay is active when the FUNCTION button light is on. 162 Control Assignment 1 (display: Inspct) Enables/disables the Inspector of the window with key focus. 2 (Channl Strip) Enables/disables the Lists area display in the Arrange window. 2 (Channel Strip)-Option Enables/disables the Media area display in the Arrange window. 3 (Delay in ms) Activates/deactivates display of delays in milliseconds. 4 (Ruler: SMPTE) Activates/deactivates SMPTE display of ruler. 5 (Global Track) Activates/deactivates display of Global tracks. 6 (Arrang Grid) Activates/deactivates display of the Arrange window grid. 7 (Event Float) Activates/deactivates display of the Event List. 8 (Name/Value) Switches the display mode between Name and Value (identical to the NAME/VALUE button on the Mackie Control). 9 (Track Autom.) Enables/disables display of track automation in the Arrange window. 10 (Trk>Rg Autom.) Performs Move Current Track Automation Data to Region key command. With the OPTION button held down (display: Trk>Ob Au All), the Move All Track Automation Data to Region key command is executed. 11 (Rg>Trk Autom.) Performs Move Current Region Data to Track Automation function. With the OPTION button held down (display: Ob>Trk Au All), Move All Region Control Data to Track Automation key command is executed. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 Control Assignment 12 (Clear Autom.) Performs Delete Currently Visible Automation Data of Current Track key command. With the OPTION button held down (display: Clear Au All), Delete All Automation Data of Current Track function is performed. 13 (ClrAll Overld) Resets the Level Meter Overload displays. 14 (ClrAll RecRdy) Switches off Record Enable button of all channels. 15 (ClrAll Solo) Switches off Solo for all channels. 16 (ClrAll Mute) Switches off Mute for all channels. 17 (Tool: Pointr) Chooses the Pointer tool. 18 (Tool: Pencil) Chooses the Pencil tool. 19 (Tool: Scissr) Chooses the Scissors tool. 20 (Tool: Glue) Chooses the Glue tool. 21 (Tool: Text) Chooses the Text tool. 22 (Tool: Xfade) Chooses the Crossfade tool. 23 (Tool: Marque) Chooses the Marquee tool. 24 (Tool: Autom.) Chooses the Automation Select tool. V-Pot 25 (WfZoom) Edits the Arrange waveform zoom factor (if the Arrange has key focus). V-Pot 26 (V.Zoom) Edits the vertical zoom factor of the window with key focus. V-Pot 27 (H.Zoom) Edits the horizontal zoom factor of the window with key focus. V-Pot 28 (Move Cycle) Moves the cycle locators. V-Pot 29 (Quantz) Chooses the Quantize value. V-Select 29 performs Quantize Selected Events for the selected regions or events. V-Pot 30 (Division) Chooses the division value for clock display. V-Select 31 (Prev SetEXS) Performs Next Plug-in Setting or EXS Instrument key command. V-Select 32 (Next SetEXS) Performs Previous Plug-in Setting or EXS Instrument key command. Chapter 11 Mackie C4 163 12 Mackie HUI 12 Setting Up Your Mackie HUI HUI units don’t support automatic scanning. You need to manually add these devices to your setup. When you add a device in this way, you need to assign the MIDI In and Out port parameters. To set up Mackie HUI units: 1 Make sure that your HUI units are connected bi-directionally with the computer, using a MIDI interface. 2 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 3 Choose New > Install in the Setup window. 4 Select HUI in the Install window. 5 Click the Add button. 6 Select the added device in the Setup window, then set the MIDI In and MIDI Out parameters as appropriate. Setting Up HUI Compatible Devices If the unit emulates one HUI unit, proceed as if using a HUI. If you experience problems in the DSP Edit display, install the unit as a DM2000. If the unit emulates more than one HUI, add the required number of additional devices in the Setup window. If the unit is limited to support of only one HUI DSP Edit section, choose “HUI Channel Strips only” as the model name for these additional units. This ensures that scrolling in the DSP Edit section is limited to four parameters. If you’d like to know more about button assignments, refer to the Assignment Overview section below, and the device’s user manual. 165 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as Shift) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate use, while holding down this modifier. ASSIGN Section Control Assignment SEND A Assigns Send 1 level to V-Pots, and Send 1 to 4 levels to DSP V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current Send 1 destination (a bus number). SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6 SEND B As above, for Send 2 SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7 SEND C As above, for Send 3 SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8 166 SEND D As above, for Send 4 SEND E As above, for Send 5 PAN Assigns Pan to V-Pots. Note: You must confirm any changes made with the DSP V-Pots by pressing the corresponding V-Select button. INPUT Assigns channel strip input to V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current channel strip input assignment. The four DSP V-Pots control the following parameters of the selected channel strip: format, input, output, and automation mode. Note: You must confirm any changes made with the V-Pots or DSP V-Pots by pressing the corresponding V-Select button. OUTPUT Assigns channel strip output to V-Pots. While held down, the scribble strips show the current channel strip output assignment. The four DSP V-Pots control the following parameters of the selected channel strip: format, input, output, and automation mode. Note: You must confirm any changes made with the V-Pots or DSP V-Pots by pressing the corresponding V-Select button. REC/RDY ALL Disables Record Enable button of all channel strips. BYPASS Switches the INSERT buttons between Insert Select and Insert Bypass modes. See Insert entry in Channel Strips table on page 169. MUTE Switches the V-Select buttons between Send Position and Send Mute modes. SHIFT Enables or disables Flip mode. SELECT-ASSIGN Displays the V-Pot assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. SUSPEND — Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Control Assignment DEFAULT Hold this button down to switch the V-Select buttons between: standard operation, and setting default values. ASSIGN When V-Pots display a send level, the ASSIGN button switches them to Send Destination Assignment mode (choosing a bus, in other words). Press the V-Select to confirm the assignment. The DSP V-Pots display the assignments of Send slots 1–4 or Send slots 5–8. Confirm any changes by pressing the V-Select button—or all changes will be lost when you leave Send Destination Assignment mode, or press the Assign button a second time. Fader Bank Buttons Control Assignment Bank Left Shifts channel strips by one bank (a group of channel strips or parameters) to the left. Bank Right Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. Channel Left Shifts channel strips by one channel (or parameter) to the left. Channel Right Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. WINDOW Section Control Assignment TRANSPORT Opens or closes the Transport bar window. EDIT Opens or closes the Arrange window. MIX Opens or closes the Mixer. ALT Opens or closes the Sample Editor. STATUS Opens or closes the Audio Bin. MEM-LOC Opens or closes the Marker List. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 167 KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS Section Control Assignment UNDO Undoes last editing operation. SHIFT/ADD Redoes last editing operation. OPTION/ALL Opens Undo History window. SAVE Saves the project. OPTION/ALL Performs Save As function, allowing you to save the project with a different name. 168 EDIT MODE — EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held down, numerical buttons select a specific tool. SHIFT/ADD Shifts to alternate mode/use for some buttons. See descriptions of other buttons. OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to relative: This switches between a minimum, default, or maximum value for the edited parameter. Also see description of other buttons. CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). x/ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to fine. All value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see descriptions of other buttons. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Channel Strips Control Assignment Level meters Displays momentary and peak levels. REC/RDY Activates or deactivates the Record Enable button. OPTION/ALL Disables the Record Enable buttons of all channel strips. INSERT  BYPASS button OFF (see Insert Select mode on page 166): Selects channel strip for plug-in selection.  BYPASS button ON (see Insert Bypass mode page 166): Enables/disables bypass of currently selected Insert slot. V-SEL  PAN button ON: Sets Pan parameter to center position if DEFAULT button is on.  Send 1 to 8 selected: Edits Send Pre/Post, activates/deactivates Send Mute, or sets Send Level to default value.  In Send Destination Assignment mode, Channel Strip Input or Channel Strip Output Assignment mode: The V-SEL buttons confirm your selection. V-Pot Adjusts parameter selected in the ASSIGN section. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. If you hold down an automation mode button, pressing AUTO sets this mode. SOLO Enables or disables the Solo button. OPTION/ALL Disables the Solo buttons of all channel strips. MUTE Enables or disables the Mute button. OPTION/ALL Disables the Mute buttons of all channel strips. Scribble strip Displays the channel strip name—or send, input, or output assignment. SELECT Selects the channel strip. SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. DEFAULT Sets volume to unity level. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates the V-Pot assignment—in Flip mode. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 169 DSP EDIT/ASSIGN Section Control Assignment ASSIGN — COMPARE Switches DSP display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. BYPASS Switches the bypass state of the plug-in being edited. DSP Select 1 to 4 Assignment Pan mode  DSP Select 1 resets pan. Assignment Send mode Activates or deactivates Sends 1 to 4, or Mutes 5 to 8. Effect Assign mode Confirms Insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 effect selection, selects this Insert slot, and enters Effect Edit mode—showing the parameters of the chosen effect. Effect Edit mode Sets parameter the default value, or turns “switch” parameters on/off. DSP V-Pots Assignment Pan mode  DSP V-Pot 1 controls pan. Assignment Send mode Controls Send 1 to 4, or 5 to 8 Levels. Effect Assign mode Assigns effects to Insert slots 1 through 4, or 5 to 8. Effect Edit mode Controls the selected effect parameter. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Effect Assign and Effect Edit modes. SCROLL Effect Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of DSP V-Pots in the control surface group (usually four). x/ALT/FINE Effect Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by one (parameter). 170 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Function Keys Control Assignment F1 Clears Overload LEDs. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays MIDI channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Arrange window. F2 Recalls screenset 2. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays input channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Mixer. F3 Recalls screenset 3. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays audio channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Event List. F4 Recalls screenset 4. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays instrument channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Score Editor. F5 Recalls screenset 5. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays aux channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Hyper Editor. F6 Recalls screenset 6. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays bus channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Piano Roll Editor. F7 Switches counter display format between SMPTE and bars/beats/divisions/ticks. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays the master and output channel strips. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes Transport bar window. F8/ESC Default: Exits folder. Go to Marker mode: Cancels dialog. x/ALT/FINE Opens or closes the Audio Bin. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 171 AUTO ENABLE Section Control Assignment FADER Activates or deactivates the playback and recording of volume automation. PAN Activates or deactivates the playback and recording of pan automation. PLUG IN Activates or deactivates the playback and recording of plug-in parameter automation. MUTE Activates or deactivates the playback and recording of mute automation. SEND Activates or deactivates the playback and recording of send level automation. SEND MUTE — AUTO MODE Section Control Assignment READ Sets selected channel to Read automation mode. While held down, pressing the channel strip AUTO button sets the automation mode to Read. OPTION/ALL Sets all channels to Read automation mode. LATCH Sets selected channel to Latch automation mode. While held down, press the channel strip AUTO button to set automation mode to Latch. OPTION/ALL Sets all channels to Latch automation mode. TRIM — TOUCH Sets selected channel to Touch automation mode. While held down, press the channel strip AUTO button to set automation mode to Touch. OPTION/ALL Sets all channels to Touch automation mode. WRITE Sets selected channel to Write automation mode. While held down, press the channel strip AUTO button to set automation mode to Write. OPTION/ALL Sets all channels to Write automation mode. OFF Sets selected channel to Off automation mode. While held down, press the channel strip AUTO button to set automation mode to Off. OPTION/ALL Sets all channels to Off automation mode. 172 Chapter 12 Mackie HUI STATUS/GROUP Section Control Assignment AUTO While held down, the scribble strips display the automation mode of all channels. MONITOR — PHASE—SHIFT Switches to Single view. GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line (in the DSP Edit section) displays the number and name of the group being edited.  DSP Select buttons 1 to 4 switch between the properties of the group being edited. The group name is shown in the lower line.  When the INSERT/PARAM button is off, the DSP Edit V-Pots scroll through the group properties. If the INSERT/PARAM button is on, the DSP EDIT V-Pots select the group that you’d like to edit.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the channel. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Channel view. CREATE Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view. SUSPEND Activates or deactivates the Group Clutch. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Tracks view. EDIT Section Control Assignment CAPTURE — SEPARATE — CUT Cuts the selection (of regions or events). COPY Copies the selection. PASTE Pastes the Clipboard contents. DELETE Deletes the selection. Time Display Control Assignment TIME CODE Lit if counter is displaying SMPTE time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS Lit if counter is displaying bars/beats/divisions/ticks. Time display Switches between a SMPTE time code or bars/beats/divisions/ticks display. RUDE SOLO LIGHT Flashes if any channel is soloed. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 173 LOCATE/NUMERICS Section Control Assignment CLR Deletes current marker. = Creates a marker at the current playhead position. / Equivalent to (but independent from) computer keyboard / key. * Equivalent to (but independent from) computer keyboard * key. – Equivalent to (but independent from) computer keyboard – key. + Equivalent to (but independent from) computer keyboard + key. 0 to 9  Normal: 1 to 9 recalls markers 1 to 9.  If in Go to Marker dialog: Equivalent to (but independent from) computer keyboard keys 0 to 9. SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays:  1: MIDI channel strips  2: Input channel strips  3: Audio channel strips  4: Instrument channel strips  5: Aux channel strips  6: Bus channel strips  7: Master and output channel strips EDIT TOOL Selects tool (if applicable to window with key focus):  1: Pointer  2: Pencil  3: Eraser  4: Text tool  5: Scissors  6: Glue  7: Solo tool  8: Mute tool  9: Zoom tool 174 0 If in Go to Marker dialog: Equivalent to computer keyboard 0 key. .  If not in Go to Marker dialog: Enters Go to Marker dialog.  In in Go to Marker dialog: Equivalent to computer keyboard dot key. ENTER  If not in Go to Marker dialog: Enters folder of selected track.  If in Go to Marker dialog: Confirms marker number that you entered. Chapter 12 Mackie HUI Transport Section Control Assignment AUDITION — PRE Sets left locator (at current playhead position). IN Sets punch in locator (at current playhead position). OUT Sets punch out locator (at current playhead position). POST Sets right locator (at current playhead position). RTZ Moves playhead to the left locator position. END Moves playhead to the right locator position. ON LINE Switches between internal and external sync. LOOP Enables or disables Cycle mode. QUICK PUNCH Enables or disables Autopunch mode. REWIND Shuttles backward. FAST FWD Shuttles forward. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT/ADD Pause playback (or recording). RECORD Record Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 175 Cursor Buttons Control Assignment Cursor Up  Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Up Arrow key.  Zoom mode: Zooms out vertically (in the window with key focus). SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom (zooms out). x/ALT/FINE Page up OPTION/ALL + Scroll to top. x/ALT/FINE Cursor Down  Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Down Arrow key.  Zoom mode: Zooms in vertically (in the window with key focus). SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom (zooms in). x/ALT/FINE Page down OPTION/ALL + Scroll to bottom (of window/list with key focus). x/ALT/FINE Cursor Left  Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Left Arrow key.  Zoom mode: Zooms out horizontally (in the window with key focus). SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset (of tracks of the same type). x/ALT/FINE Page left OPTION/ALL + Scroll to left border (of the window with key focus). x/ALT/FINE Cursor Right  Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Right Arrow key.  Zoom mode: Zooms in horizontally (in the window with key focus). SHIFT/ADD Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset (of all tracks, regardless of type). x/ALT/FINE Page right OPTION/ALL + Scroll to right border (of the window with key focus). x/ALT/FINE MODE Switches between Cursor and Zoom modes. Jog Wheel Control Assignment Jog Wheel  Default: Moves playhead by one bar.  Scrub button lit: Scrub mode.  Shuttle button lit: Shuttle mode. SCRUB Activates or deactivates Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Activates or deactivates Shuttle mode. Foot Switches 176 Control Assignment Foot Switch 1 Play or Stop Foot Switch 2 Record On/Off Chapter 12 Mackie HUI 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 13 Setting Up Your Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Please make sure that your control surface is connected bi-directionally with the computer, using either: a MIDI interface, or the unit’s USB connector. If the units are connected via USB, ensure that the appropriate MIDI driver for the device is installed. Visit the manufacturer’s website to download updated drivers, if applicable. To set up SAC-2K units: 1 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup. 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select the SAC-2K in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. 177 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. LCDs and Encoders Control Assignment Left and middle LCDs Upper row displays the channel number when in a Mixer (multi channel) view mode. The parameter name is shown when in a (single) Channel view mode. Lower row shows the parameter value of the corresponding encoder (the one directly below the display). Level meters are shown to the right. Right LCD Upper row displays the name of the parameter being edited with the corresponding encoder (the one below). Lower row displays the parameter value (assigned to the encoder below the display). The Master Output level meter is displayed at the far right. Encoders Edit the corresponding parameter—shown in the LCD. Encoder push buttons Parameters with two values (On/Off ): Switches between the two values. Parameters that access items (plug-in selection, for example): Confirms preselection. At other times: Sets the parameter to its default value. Channel Strips Control Assignment Mute/Solo Switches Mute/Solo 1 to 8 buttons between Mute and Solo modes. LED off: Mute/Solo buttons switch Mute state on/off. LED on: Mute/Solo buttons switch Solo state on/off. LED flashes: Mute/Solo buttons switch Record Enable state on/off. SHIFT Sets Mute/Solo buttons to Record Enable mode. 178 Mute/Solo 1 to 8 Mute/Solo LED off: Enables/Disables Mute; LED displays Mute status. Mute/Solo LED on: Enables/Disables Solo; LED displays Solo status. Mute/Solo LED flashing: Enables/Disables Record Enable; LED displays Record Enable (armed/disarmed) status. SELECT 1 to 8 buttons Selects channel. Exception: In Group mode, these buttons define group membership of the channel. Master Select button Switches Flip mode between Off and Duplicate. Faders 1 to 8 Controls volume, or duplicates the parameter assigned to the encoder above—if Flip mode is enabled. Master Fader Controls the Master Level fader (if it exists—if not, controls Output 1-2 level). EQ button Inserts a Channel EQ in the channel if no Channel is present. Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Mixer View Mode Section Control Assignment Pan Switches to Mixer view (multi-channel) pan editing. High, HiMid, LowMid, Low Switches to Mixer view (multi-channel) gain editing of a certain EQ band. Encoders 9 to 12 edit Frequency, Gain, Q factor, and On/Off for the selected channel. Pressing and releasing the button chooses a specific EQ band.  Low: Band 3 (first parametric EQ band)  LowMid: Band 4 (second parametric EQ band)  HiMid: Band 5 (third parametric EQ band)  High: Band 6 (fourth parametric EQ band) While held down, you can use Encoder 9 to choose the EQ band that you want to edit (bands 1 to 8). The button’s LED is lit when in Mixer view gain editing mode (of the selected channel EQ band). Snd/Ins Switches the four Snd/Ins (1 to 4) buttons between Send and Insert modes.  LED off: Send mode  LED on: Insert mode Snd/Ins 1 to 4  If in Send mode, switches to Mixer view (multi-channel) send level editing of Sends 1 to 4. Encoders 9 to 12 edit Destination, Level, Pre/Post and Mute of the selected channel. You must confirm the Send destination by pushing the encoder 9 button. While held down, use Encoder 9 to select the desired Send number (1 to 8). The button’s LED is lit when in Mixer view send level editing mode (of the selected channel send slot).  If in Insert mode, switches to Mixer view plug-in selection for Inserts 1 to 4. Plug-in selection is confirmed by pressing the encoder’s push-button. While held down, use Encoder 9 to choose the desired Insert slot number (1 to 15). The button’s LED is lit when in plug-in selection mode (of the corresponding channel insert slot). Audio Switches to Mixer view, and displays audio channels. SHIFT Switches to Mixer view. MIDI Switches to Mixer view, and displays MIDI channel strips. SHIFT Switches to Arrange (Track) view, and displays the channel strips of all tracks used in Arrange. Input Switches to Mixer view, and displays input channels. SHIFT Switches to Mixer view, and displays the master and output channels. Inst Switches to Mixer view, and displays (software) instrument channels. SHIFT Switches to Mixer view, and displays aux channels. Bus Switches to Mixer view, and displays bus channels. SHIFT Switches to Single view. Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 179 Control Assignment Group Switches to Group editing mode:  Encoder 1 to 10 push buttons edit a group property (the property is shown in the LCD’s lower line).  Encoder 11 scrolls through group properties.  Encoder 12 selects a group to edit. Its name is displayed in the lower LCD line, above Encoder 12.  Select buttons 1 to 8 activate/deactivate group membership of the channel. 1 to 8 Shifts the fader bank (a group of channels or parameters) to the left, by one bank. 9 to 16 Shifts the fader bank to the right, by one bank. 17 to 24 Shifts the fader bank to the left, by one channel. 25 to 32 Shifts the fader bank to the right, by one channel. Software Navigation Section Control Assignment 1 Num LED off: — Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘1’ on computer keyboard. 2 Num LED off: Equivalent to Left Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘2’ on computer keyboard. 3 Num LED off: Equivalent to Up Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘3’ on computer keyboard. 4 Num LED off: Equivalent to Right Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘4’ on computer keyboard. 5 Num LED off: Performs Undo (of most recent editing operation). Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘5’ on computer keyboard. 6 Num LED off: — Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘6’ on computer keyboard. 7 Num LED off: Copies the selection (of regions or events). Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘7’ on computer keyboard. 8 Num LED off: Equivalent to Down Arrow key on computer keyboard. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘8’ on computer keyboard. 9 Num LED off: Pastes the Clipboard contents. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘9’ on computer keyboard. 0 Num LED off: Saves the project. Num LED on: Equivalent to ‘0’ on computer keyboard. Num Switches the numeric buttons between primary and secondary function (see above). Enter Equivalent to Enter key on the computer keyboard. Note: All buttons that are equivalents of computer keyboard keys are independent from the computer keys. Either can be reassigned. 180 Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K Locator Section The locator displays the current playhead position in bars/beats format, as defined in the project settings. A period separates display segments, as the bars/beats format uses (up to) 14 characters in Logic Express, and the SAC display is limited to eight digits. Marker Section Control Assignment SHIFT Shifts to secondary function of other buttons. Scrub Switches between three Jog Wheel modes:  LED off: Move playhead by one bar.  LED on: Activates Scrub mode.  LED flashes: Activates Shuttle mode. From Sets left locator at the current playhead position. SHIFT Moves the playhead to the left locator position. Store Marker Creates a marker at the current playhead position. SHIFT Deletes the marker at the current playhead position. To Sets right locator at the current playhead position. SHIFT Moves the playhead to the right locator position. Recall Marker Opens the Go to Marker dialog. SHIFT Opens the Marker List. Jog Wheel Moves the playhead in one of three modes, depending on the state of the Scrub button (see above). Transport Section Control Assignment << Shuttles backward. SHIFT Goes to previous marker. >> Shuttles forward. SHIFT Goes to next marker. STOP Stops playback (or recording). PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT Enables/Disables Cycle mode. RECORD Starts recording (to record enabled tracks) SHIFT Enables/Disables Replace mode. Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 181 Channel Strips Section Control Assignment EQs Enters Channel view EQ Edit mode. Pressing the button repeatedly cycles through all available EQ parameter pages. Inserts/Sends Enters Channel view Plug-in Edit mode—edits the effect plug-in inserted into the currently chosen Insert slot (of the selected channel). Pressing the button repeatedly cycles through all available effect plug-in parameter pages. Dynamics — MIDI — Instrument Enters Channel view Instrument Edit mode—edits the instrument plug-in inserted into the selected (Instrument) channel. Pressing the button repeatedly cycles through all available instrument plug-in parameter pages. Troubleshooting This section may help you to resolve a few common problems.  The track/channel names are shorter than necessary, and the assignments don’t work correctly: The SAC-2K is in an emulation mode (Logic Control or HUI, for example). To resolve this issue, simply switch the SAC-2K power off, and then back on.  The faders don’t work, and the locator display shows 00000000: You have manually switched the SAC-2K to SLAVE mode. This, unfortunately, does not initialize some settings required for proper communication. To resolve this issue, simply switch the SAC-2K power off, and then back on. 182 Chapter 13 Radikal Technologies SAC-2K 14 Roland SI-24 14 Setting Up Your Roland SI-24 Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Express. To use the audio and MIDI facilities of the SI-24:  Ensure that your SI-24 units are connected to the RPC card with the (included) cable. This connector provides both digital audio and MIDI connections.  Make sure that the appropriate driver software is installed, and functioning correctly. Note: The RPC card is a PCI device, and is not compatible with (most) G5, and all Intel Macintosh computers—which only offer PCI-X interfacing. To use the SI-24 as a control surface: m Simply connect it bi-directionally with two free (not used by other devices) MIDI interface ports. When used as a control surface, the SI-24 can be used with all Macintosh systems that are capable of running Logic Express. Obviously, you will require another device for audio input and output. To scan for your Roland SI-24 unit: 1 Choose Logic Express > Preferences > Control Surfaces > Setup 2 Choose New > Install in the Setup window’s local menu. 3 Select Roland SI-24 in the Install window. 4 Click the Scan button. Logic Express will scan for, and automatically install, your control surface. 183 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Control Assignment EQ ON/OFF 1 to 4 In Pan mode:  Switches the bypass state of EQ bands 1–4.  Enters EQ/Send mode. If no Channel EQ is present on the selected channel, it is automatically inserted. In EQ/Send mode:  Switches the bypass state of EQ bands 1–4. The button LED is lit when the EQ is enabled. In Plug-in mode:  Switches between Inserts 1–4. A lit button LED indicates the selected insert slot.  If a Plug-in window is open, it will update to reflect the plug-in parameters of the selected insert slot. SHIFT In EQ/Send mode: Enables/Disables Send 1–4 Mute. EQ/SEND Switches Channel view modes between:  EQ/Send Edit mode (LED on).  Pan Edit mode (LED off ). PLUG-IN Switches Channel view modes between:  Plug-in Edit mode (LED on) (Plug-in window opens.)  Pan Edit mode (LED off ) Plug-in window closes when Plug-in Edit mode is exited. SHIFT Switches Channel view modes between:  Instrument Edit mode (LED on) (Instrument window opens.)  Pan Edit mode (LED off ) Instrument plug-in window closes when Instrument Edit mode is exited. PAN 1 to 12 In Pan Edit mode:  Controls channel strip Pan/Balance. In EQ/Send mode:  1/3/5/7: Control the Gain parameter of EQ bands 1–4.  2/4/6/8: Control the Frequency parameter of EQ bands 1–4.  9–12: Control Send 1–4 levels. In Plug-in Edit mode:  1–10: Edits plug-in parameter.  11: Bypasses the plug-in.  12: Shifts plug-in parameter page (a page is a collection of parameters). In Instrument mode:  1–10: Edits Instrument parameter.  11: Bypasses the instrument plug-in.  12: Shifts Instrument parameter page. SHIFT In EQ/Send mode:  2/4/6/8: Control the Q-Factor of EQ bands 1–4.  9–12: Determine Send 1–4 destinations. 184 Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 Control Assignment CH SELECT 1 to Selects track/channel. 12 STATUS 1 to 12 In Automation mode: Switches Automation mode between:  Off (LED off )  Read (green)  Latch (orange)  Write (red) In Record Ready mode: Activates/deactivates Record Enable. In Solo mode: Enables/disables Solo. In Mute mode: Enables/disables Mute. Fader 1 to 12 Controls volume. STATUS MODE Section Control Assignment AUTOMIX Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Automation mode. SHIFT Sets all tracks to Off, Read, Latch, or Write automation mode. Repeatedly press this button combination to cycle through automation modes. REC/PLAY Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Record Enable mode. SOLO Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Solo mode. MUTE Sets STATUS 1 to 12 buttons to Mute mode. Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 185 CH ASSIGN Controls Control Assignment INPUT Shows the first 12 audio input channel strips. SHIFT Shows the first 12 MIDI channels strips. OUTPUT Shows the first 12 outputs channel strips:  1: Output 1–2.  2: Output 3–4.  3: Output 5 .  4: Output 6.  5: Output 7–8 (digital out). SHIFT Shows the first 12 audio channels. BUS Shows the first 12 aux channels. SHIFT Shows the first 12 instrument channels. Tr 1 to 12 Switches to Arrange view and shows the first 12 channels. Tr 13 to 24 Switches to Arrange view and displays channels 13 to 24. MASTER Section 186 Control Assignment Master Fader Controls the master channel strip. Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 Numeric Key Section Control Assignment SYSTEM Switches SI-24 to System mode. See SI-24 user manual for details. LOCATE Switches numeric keys to Locate mode. SHORT CUT Switches numeric keys to Shortcut mode. SCREEN SET Switches numeric keys to Screenset mode. 0 to 9 System mode: See SI-24 user manual. Locate mode:  1 to 9: Moves playhead to marker 1 to 9 positions.  0: Creates marker at playhead position. Shortcut mode:  1: Saves project. LED is lit if project has changed since last save.  2: Performs undo (of last editing operation). LED is on if a Redo is possible.  3: Copies the selection (of regions or events).  4: Pastes the Clipboard contents.  5: Deletes the selection.  6: Enables/Disables Scrub mode. LED is on if Scrub mode is enabled.  7: Enables/Disables Cycle mode. LED is on if Cycle mode is enabled.  8: Enables/Disables Autopunch mode. LED is on if Autopunch mode is enabled.  9: Switches Arrange window to Hyper Draw volume view.  0: Switches Arrange window to Hyper Draw pan view. Screenset mode:  1 to 9: Recall screensets 1 to 9.  0: Enables/Disables Lock Screenset command. SHIFT Locate mode:  1 to 9: Moves playhead to marker 10 to 18 positions.  0: Deletes marker at playhead position. Shortcut mode:  1: Performs Save As.  2: Performs Redo (reverses last Undo operation).  3: Cuts selection.  4: Pastes the Clipboard contents. Screenset mode:  1: Opens/Closes Arrange window.  2: Opens/Closes Mixer.  3: Opens/Closes Event Editor.  4: Opens/Closes Score Editor.  5: Opens/Closes Hyper Editor.  6: Opens/Closes Piano Roll Editor.  7: Opens/Closes Transport window.  8: Opens/Closes Audio Bin window.  9: Opens/Closes Sample Editor. Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 187 Transport Section 188 Control Assignment PAUSE Pause REW Rewinds playhead in one bar increments. F FWD Advances playhead by one bar. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. RECORD Starts recording. Jog Wheel Scrub mode off: Moves playhead in one bar increments. Scrub mode on: Scrubs (audio and MIDI). Chapter 14 Roland SI-24 15 Tascam FW-1884 15 Introduction Logic Express supports the Tascam FW-1884, FE-8 extension, and the FW-1082. Version 1.10 (and higher) driver versions support the SoftLCD application which displays information on track names, parameter assignments and current encoder values. SoftLCD displays the current track automation mode when one of the automation mode buttons is held down. The corresponding encoder edits the parameter. Alerts are displayed in SoftLCD. Select buttons allow you to remotely-control alert buttons. Note: The following text referring to the FW-1884 also applies to the FE-8 and FW-1082, except where these devices are mentioned explicitly. Setting Up Your Tascam FW-1884 The following section outlines the steps required to use your control surface with Logic Express. To set up your Tascam FW-1884 control surface with Logic Express: 1 Ensure that the appropriate FW-1884 driver software (for your version of Mac OS X) is correctly installed. See the FW-1884 documentation for details. It may also be worthwhile checking the manufacturer’s website. 2 Connect the FW-1884 to your computer with the supplied FireWire cable. 3 Open Logic Express. The FW-1884 is installed automatically. 189 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. Note: The FE-8 units only offer the Channel Strip section, so other facilities mentioned in this document don’t apply. The FW-1884 ENCODERS section is, however, applicable to the FE-8 channel strips. The FW-1082 has no channel encoders, and offers an extended channel strip section. ENCODERS Section (FW-1884 Only) 190 Control Assignment FLIP Switches Flip mode between Off and Swap. In Swap mode, the parameter controlled by the fader and encoder of each channel strip is swapped. PAN Assigns Pan to encoders. AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 level to encoders. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 level to encoders. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 level to encoders. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 level to encoders. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 level to encoders. AUX 6 Assigns Send 6 level to encoders. AUX 7 Assigns Send 7 level to encoders. AUX 8 Assigns Send 8 level to encoders. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 SHORTCUTS Section (FW-1884 Only) Control Assignment SAVE/F1 Saves the active project. The button LED is lit when the project has been edited since the last save operation. REVERT/F2 Reverts to the most recently saved version of the project. ALL SAFE/F3 Disables the Record Enable buttons of all channels. CLR SOLO/F4 Switches Solo off for all channels. SHIFT Switches Mute off for all channels. MARKERS/F5 Creates a new marker at the current playhead position. SHIFT Deletes the marker at the playhead position. LOOP/F6 Enables/Disables Cycle mode. CUT Cuts the current selection (of regions or events) and places it in the Clipboard. DEL Deletes the current selection. COPY Copies the current selection to the Clipboard. PASTE Pastes the Clipboard contents to the current playhead position. ALT/CMD Modifier for other buttons. UNDO Performs an Undo (of the last editing operation). The button LED is lit when a Redo is possible. SHIFT Performs a Redo (reverses an Undo operation). SHIFT Modifier for other buttons. CTRL Modifier for other buttons. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 191 Channel Strips Control Assignment REC LEDs These LEDs are lit when the corresponding track/channel is recording. The LEDs flash when the track/channel is in Record Enable mode (armed). SEL Selects the track/channel. SHIFT Enables/Disables Send mute, when encoders are controlling a Send level. READ Sets the track automation mode to Read. WRITE Sets the track automation mode to Write. TCH Sets the track automation mode to Touch. LATCH Sets the track automation mode to Latch. SOLO Enables/Disables the Solo status of the track/channel. SHIFT Disables Solo status for all tracks (driver version 1.20 or higher required). MUTE Enables/Disables the Mute status of the track/channel. SHIFT Disables Mute status for all tracks (driver version 1.20 or higher required). Encoder Controls parameter chosen with the ENCODERS section. SET When encoders are controlling a Send level, this combination allows you to set the Send destination. Fader 192 Controls the channel volume. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 EQ Section (FW-1884 Only) The EQ controls apply to a certain EQ band of the selected channel. A Channel EQ is automatically inserted in the channel, if not already present. Mode Assignment REC While held down, the SEL buttons activate/deactivate Record Enable for the corresponding channel strip. GAIN Edits the Gain of the currently selected EQ band. SET Selects the channel input. FREQ Edits the Frequency parameter of the currently selected EQ band. SET Selects the channel output. Q Edits the Q Factor of the currently selected EQ band. SET Selects the channel input format. HIGH Selects EQ band 6. SHIFT Selects EQ band 8. REC Switches the bypass state of EQ band 6 (driver version 1.20 or higher required). HI-MID Selects EQ band 5. SHIFT Selects EQ band 7. REC Switches the bypass state of EQ band 7 (driver version 1.20 or higher required). LOW-MID Selects EQ band 4. SHIFT Selects EQ band 2. REC Switches the bypass state of EQ band 4 (driver version 1.20 or higher required). LOW Selects EQ band 3. SHIFT Selects EQ band 1. REC Switches the bypass state of EQ band 3 (driver version 1.20 or higher required). Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 193 Encoders and Controls Section (FW-1082 Only) The three buttons at the bottom of this section determine the mode of other controls:  EQ/Pan mode: The controls apply to a certain EQ band of the selected channel.  AUX 1–4 mode: The controls apply to Sends 1–4.  AUX 5–8 mode: The controls apply to Sends 5–8. Mode Assignment REC While held down, the SEL buttons activate/deactivate Record Enable for the channel strip. EQ GAIN–AUX 1/5 • EQ/PAN mode: edits the Gain of the currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 1 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 5 level. SET Selects the channel input. EQ FREQ–AUX 2/6 • EQ/PAN mode: edits the Frequency of the currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 2 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 6 level. SET Selects the channel output. EQ Q–AUX 3/7 • EQ/PAN mode: edits the Q Factor of the currently selected EQ band. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 3 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 7 level. SET Selects the channel input format. PAN–AUX 4/8 • EQ/PAN mode: edits Pan. • AUX 1–4 mode: controls Send 4 level. • AUX 5–8 mode: controls Send 8 level. EQ HI–AUX 1/5 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 6. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 1 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 5 Mute on/off. SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 8. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 1 Position (pre/post.) • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 5 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 6. EQ HI MID–AUX 2/6 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 5. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 2 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 6 Mute on/off. SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 7. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 2 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 6 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 5. EQ LO MID–AUX 3/7 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 4. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 3 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 7 Mute on/off. SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 2. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 3 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 7 Position (pre/post). 194 Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 Mode Assignment REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 4. EQ LOW–AUX 4/8 • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 3. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 4 Mute on/off. • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 8 Mute on/off SHIFT • EQ/PAN mode: selects EQ band 1. • AUX 1–4 mode: switches Send 4 Position (pre/post). • AUX 5–8 mode: switches Send 8 Position (pre/post). REC Switches bypass state of EQ band 3. EQ/PAN Chooses EQ/PAN mode. SHIFT Enables/Disables Flip mode. With Flip mode enabled, the faders control Pan. AUX 1–4 Chooses AUX 1–4 mode. AUX 5–8 Chooses AUX 5–8 mode. MASTER Fader This fader always controls the master volume. If no master channel exists, it controls Output 1/2. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 195 Automation/Clock Rate Section (FW-1884 Only) Control Assignment READ While held down, SEL buttons are lit if a channel is in Read automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Read mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. WRITE While held down, SEL buttons are lit if a channel is in Write automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Write mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. TCH While held down, SEL buttons are lit if a channel is in Touch automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Touch mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. LATCH While held down, SEL buttons are lit if a channel is in Latch automation mode. Pressing the SEL button sets Latch mode. Turning the encoder also edits the automation mode. F7 Switches encoders to editing of pan F8 Switches encoders to Channel view: EQ Edit mode for the selected channel. See upper line of SoftLCD application for parameter assignment details. Cursor left/right shifts the parameter bank (a bank is a group of channels or parameters). F9 Switches encoders to Channel view: Plug-in Edit mode for the selected channel. Cursor left/right shifts parameter bank (each bank can be viewed as a page of plug-in parameters). Cursor up/down chooses the channel Insert slot for editing. F10 Switches encoders to Channel view: Instrument Edit mode for the selected channel. Cursor left/right shifts parameter bank. Mode Controls Section (FW-1082 Only) Control Assignment F1 Saves the active project. The button LED is lit if the project has been edited since the last save operation. SHIFT Opens the Save As dialog. F2 Performs an Undo (of the last editing operation). The button LED is lit when a Redo is possible. SHIFT Performs a Redo. F3 Copies the current selection (of regions or events) to the Clipboard. SHIFT Cuts the current selection, and places it in the Clipboard. F4 Pastes the Clipboard contents. SHIFT Clears the current selection. 196 Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 Master Section Control Assignment Cursor buttons Identical to (but independent from) the computer keyboard arrow keys— except when encoders are in EQ, Plug-in or Instrument Edit modes (see above). SHIFT Horizontally or vertically Zoom in and out (of the window with key focus). SHTL Enables Shuttle mode for wheel. Wheel Shuttle mode off: moves playhead by one bar. Shuttle mode on: shuttles playhead. Bank LEDs Show currently selected fader bank. If you only have an FW-1884, a bank refers to eight channels. If you have FE-8 extensions added, a bank encompasses the total number of (physical) channel strips: 16, 24, and so on. If no LED is lit, bank 5 or higher is selected. < BANK Shifts fader bank down by one bank. SHIFT Shifts fader bank down by one channel. SET Switches to Mixer (multi channel) view (driver version 1.20 or higher required). BANK > Shifts fader bank up by one bank. SHIFT Shifts fader bank up by one channel. SET Switches to Mixer view and shows all Aux and Output channels (driver version 1.20 or higher required). << LOCATE Goes to previous marker. SET Deletes the current marker (driver version 1.20 or higher required). LOCATE >> Goes to next marker. SET Creates a new marker at the playhead position (driver version 1.20 or higher required). NUDGE buttons Nudges the selected event/region left or right (by the current nudge value). SET Chooses the current nudge value: tick, division, denominator, bar, frame, 1/2 frame. SET Modifier for other buttons. IN Moves playhead to left locator position. SET Sets left locator at current playhead position. SHIFT Sets punch In locator at current playhead position. OUT Moves playhead to right locator position. SET Sets right locator at current playhead position. SHIFT Sets punch Out locator at current playhead position. REW As per Rewind key command. FFWD As per Forward key command. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. REC As per Record key command. Chapter 15 Tascam FW-1884 197 16 Tascam US-2400 16 Setting Up Your Tascam US-2400 Please follow the steps outlined below to use your Tascam US-2400 with Logic Express. To set up the Tascam US-2400 for use with Logic Express: 1 Make sure that your US-2400 units are connected to the computer via USB. 2 Ensure that the US-2400 is in native mode. Please consult your US-2400 manual for more information on this. 3 Open Logic Express. Your control surfaces will be scanned for, and installed, automatically. Special Note The US-2400 is capable of running in both native and Mackie Control emulation modes. If the unit is set up in Mackie Control emulation mode, and the native support plug-in is installed in the Logic Express program bundle, Logic Express will detect: a US-2400 native control surface and a Mackie Control, plus two Extender (XT) units. If you want to run the US-2400 in Mackie Control mode, you should remove the US-2400 plug-in from the Logic Express application bundle. Logic Express will then detect a Mackie Control plus two Extender (XT) units (the appropriate setup for the US2400 in Mackie Control emulation mode), when you scan for control surfaces. The Mackie Control differs in button layout to the Tascam US-2400. When running the Tascam US-2400 in Mackie Control mode, certain controllers are not accessible (the Joystick, as an example). Given these restrictions, use of the Tascam US-2400 in Mackie Control mode is not recommended. If you choose to do so, please refer to the documentation supplied with the Tascam US-2400 for details. 199 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. Channel Strips Control Assignment Encoders CHAN button on: see “Encoder Details” on page 201. CHAN button flashing: Encoders control Instrument parameters, also see “Instrument Edit View” on page 205. PAN button flashing: Encoders control plug-in parameters, also see “Plug-in Edit View” on page 205. Other modes: Encoders control the parameters of the active mode. F-KEY  If you are in Instrument Edit view (CHAN button flashing), pressing the F-Key enters the Instrument Assignment view: The encoders are used to choose an instrument plug-in from the list (of available software instrument plug-ins).  If you are in Plug-in Edit view (PAN button flashing), pressing the F-Key enters the Plug-in Assignment view: The encoders are used to choose an effect plug-in from the list (of available effect plug-ins).  If you are in Send view (AUX button LED flashes) and press the F-Key, the encoders are used to assign the send destination. SEL buttons Select tracks/channels. SHIFT In Pan view: sets volume to Unity (0 dB). In Send views: switches the Send mode (pre/post). F-KEY Activates/Deactivates Record Enable button of each channel. SOLO buttons Enables/Disables Solo. MUTE buttons Enables/Disables Mute. In Send views with Flip mode enabled: mutes/unmutes the selected Send. SHIFT In Send views: mutes/unmutes the selected Send. Faders 200 Control the volume of each channel (unless duplicate or swap Flip mode is active). Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Encoder Details In CHAN mode (CHAN button on), the encoders control these parameters on the selected channel: Control Assignment Encoder 1 (AUX 1) Controls Send 1 level. Encoder 2 (AUX 2) Controls Send 2 level. Encoder 3 (AUX 3) Controls Send 3 level. Encoder 4 (AUX 4) Controls Send 4 level. Encoder 5 (AUX 5) Controls Send 5 level. Encoder 6 (AUX 6) Controls Send 6 level. Encoder 7 Controls Send 7 level. Encoder 8 Controls Send 8 level. Encoder 11 (GAIN 1) Controls the Gain parameter of band 3, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 12 (FREQ 1) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 3, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 13 (Q 1) Controls the Q factor of band 3, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 14 (GAIN 2) Controls the Gain parameter of band 4, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 15 (FREQ 2) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 4, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 16 (Q 2) Controls the Q factor of band 4, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 17 (GAIN 3) Controls the Gain parameter of band 5, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 18 (FREQ 3) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 5, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 19 (Q 3) Controls the Q factor of band 5, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 20 (GAIN 4) Controls the Gain parameter of band 6, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 21 (FREQ 4) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 6, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 22 (Q 4) Controls the Q factor of band 6, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 24 (PAN) Controls Panning. Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 201 In CHAN mode—with the SHIFT button held—the encoders control the following parameters on the selected channel: 202 Control Assignment Encoder 1 (AUX 1) Controls Pan Encoder 11 (GAIN 1) Controls the Slope parameter of band 1, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 12 (FREQ 1) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 1, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 13 (Q 1) Controls the Q factor of band 1, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 14 (GAIN 2) Controls the Gain parameter of band 2, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 15 (FREQ 2) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 2, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 16 (Q 2) Controls the Q factor of band 2, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 17 (GAIN 3) Controls the Gain parameter of band 7, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 18 (FREQ 3) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 7, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 19 (Q 3) Controls the Q factor of band 7, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 20 (GAIN 4) Controls the Slope parameter of band 8, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 21 (FREQ 4) Controls the Frequency parameter of band 8, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 22 (Q 4) Controls the Q factor of band 8, if a Channel EQ is inserted. Encoder 24 (PAN) Controls Pan/Balance (of mono or stereo channels). Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Master Channel Control Assignment SEL Selects Master Output channel strip (if it exists—if not, Output channel 1-2 is selected). CLR SOLO Disables Solo for all tracks/channels. SHIFT Disables Mute for all tracks/channels. F-KEY Disables the Record Enable buttons of all tracks/channels. FLIP Switches Flip mode between Off (LED off ) and Duplicate (LED on). In this mode, the fader of each channel strip mirrors the encoder function. SHIFT Sets Flip mode to Swap (LED flashing). In this mode, the parameters controlled by the fader and encoder are swapped. F-KEY Sets Flip mode to Zero—fader motors are disabled (LED flashing). Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 203 Encoder Assignment Section This is the standard assignment of these buttons: Control Assignment CHAN Switches encoders to Channel view (see encoders’ legend)—CHAN button LED is lit. F-KEY Switches encoders to Instrument Edit view—CHAN button LED flashes. See “Instrument Edit View” on page 205 for details. PAN Switches encoders to Mixer (multi channel) view of pan controls—PAN button LED is lit. F-KEY Switches encoders to Plug-in Edit view—PAN button LED flashes. See “Plug-in Edit View” on page 205 for details. AUX 1 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 1 level (for all channels). F-KEY Switches display of Arrange window:  If Arrange window is open, will be closed.  If Arrange window is closed, it will be opened. AUX 2 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 2 level. F-KEY Switches display of Event List:  If Event List is open, it will be closed.  If Event List is closed, it will be opened. AUX 3 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 3 level. F-KEY Switches display of Score Editor:  If Score Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Score Editor is closed, it will be opened. AUX 4 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 4 level. F-KEY Switches display of Audio Bin window:  If Audio Bin window is open, it will be closed.  If Audio Bin window is closed, it will be opened. AUX 5 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 5 level. F-KEY Switches display of Hyper Editor:  If Hyper Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Hyper Editor is closed, it will be opened. AUX 6 Switches encoders to Mixer view of Send 6 level. F-KEY Switches display of Piano Roll Editor:  If Piano Roll Editor is open, it will be closed.  If Piano Roll Editor is closed, it will be opened. 204 Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 Instrument Edit View In Instrument Edit view, the following AUX buttons have special assignments: Control Assignment AUX 1 Scrolls parameter fader bank left—by 24 parameters. AUX 2 Scrolls parameter fader bank right—by 24 parameters. AUX 4 Enables/Disables Bypass button of the instrument being edited. The AUX button LEDs show the currently selected parameter bank. AUX 2 LED is on if parameters 25–48 are shown on the encoders. Plug-in Edit View In Plug-in Edit view, the following AUX buttons have special assignments: Control Assignment AUX 1 Scrolls parameter fader bank left—by 24 parameters. AUX 2 Scrolls parameter fader bank right—by 24 parameters. AUX 3 Increments Insert slot (chooses higher numbered slot). AUX 4 Enables/Disables Bypass button of the plug-in being edited. AUX 6 Decrements Insert slot (chooses lower numbered slot). The AUX button LEDs show the currently selected Insert slot. As an example: AUX 2 LED is on if Insert slot 2 is being edited. Master Section Control Assignment MTR Switches encoder LED ring display between two modes:  The value of the parameter (LED off ).  Level/peak hold meters (LED on). In Level Meter mode, the LED below the encoder displays signal overloads (clipping). F-KEY Modifier key, used to switch the function of other controls (see “F-KEY” entries in left column). NULL Sets Panning of selected channel to center position—LED is on if Pan is centered. F-KEY Resets overload display for level meters. Jog Wheel SCRUB off: Moves playhead by bars. SCRUB on: Scrubbing (of audio and MIDI). SCRUB flashing: Shuttle mode. Joystick Edits Panning of selected channel. SCRUB Switches Jog Wheel between “Move Playhead by Bars” (LED off ) and Scrubbing (LED on) modes. SHIFT Sets Jog Wheel to Shuttle mode (LED flashes). Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 205 Control Assignment BANK – Shifts fader bank to the left, by one bank—LED is lit if the left-most fader bank has not been reached. F-KEY Shifts fader bank to the left, by one channel. BANK + Shifts fader bank to the right, by one bank—LED is lit if the right-most fader bank has not been reached. F-KEY Shifts fader bank to the right, by one channel. IN Sets punch in locator at the current playhead position. SHIFT Moves playhead to left cycle locator position. F-KEY Sets left cycle locator at the current playhead position. OUT Sets punch out locator at the current playhead position. SHIFT Moves playhead to right cycle locator position. F-KEY Sets right cycle locator at the current playhead position. SHIFT Modifier key, used to switch the function of other controls (see “SHIFT” entries in left column). REW Shuttles backward. SHIFT Identical to (but independent from) Left Arrow key on computer keyboard. F FWD Shuttles forward. SHIFT Identical to (but independent from) Right Arrow key on computer keyboard. STOP Stops playback. SHIFT Identical to (but independent from) Down Arrow key on computer keyboard. PLAY Starts playback. SHIFT Identical to (but independent from) Up Arrow key on computer keyboard. RECORD 206 Enables/Disables recording. Chapter 16 Tascam US-2400 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 17 Setting Up Your Tascam US-428 and US-224 The following section outlines the steps required to use your Tascam US-428 or US-224 control surfaces with Logic Express. To set up your Tascam US-428 or US-224 devices in Logic Express: 1 Install the latest version of the driver software needed for the US-428 and US-224. 2 Ensure that your US-428 or US-224 units are connected to the computer via USB. 3 Open Logic Express. The units will be scanned for, and installed, automatically. Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as NULL) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. Note: The US-224 only offers four channel strips and Transport controls, but lacks the EQ, and Master sections (excluding the NULL button and data wheel) of the US-428. Many operations listed below are specific to the additional controls of the US-428, and cannot be performed with the US-224. 207 Channel Strips Control Assignment MUTE 1 to 8 SOLO LED off: Switches Mute on/off; LED displays Mute status. SOLO LED on: Switches Solo on/off; LED displays Solo status. REC 1 to 8 LEDs Displays Record Enable status. NULL On if fader is higher than actual channel volume (in Logic Express). SELECT 1 to 8 LEDs Displays select status (of channel). NULL On if fader is lower than actual channel volume (in Logic Express). SELECT 1 to 8 buttons Selects channel. REC Activates/deactivates Record Enable status. Fader 1 to 8 Controls channel volume. NULL Allows you to update the fader position to match the actual volume (in Logic Express). Master fader Controls Master volume fader (or Output 1 and 2, if no Master fader channel exists in project). EQ Section Control Assignment Gain Controls the Gain of the currently selected EQ band (of chosen channel). Freq Controls the Frequency of the currently selected EQ band (of chosen channel). Q Controls Q factor of the currently selected EQ band (of chosen channel). HIGH Selects EQ band 3 (allowing use of Gain, Freq, and Q controls for this band). ASGN Switches EQ band 3 bypass state. HI-MID Selects EQ band 4 (allowing use of Gain, Freq, and Q controls for this band). ASGN Switches EQ band 4 bypass state. LO-MID Selects EQ band 5 (allowing use of Gain, Freq, and Q controls for this band). ASGN Switches EQ band 5 bypass state. LOW Selects EQ band 6 (allowing use of Gain, Freq, and Q controls for this band). ASGN Switches EQ band 6 bypass state. 208 Chapter 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 Master Section Controls Control Assignment AUX 1 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send 1 Level. ASGN Switches Send 1 Mute state. AUX 2 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send 2 Level. ASGN Switches Send 2 Mute state. AUX 3 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send 3 Level. ASGN Switches Send 3 Mute state. AUX 4 Switches data wheel between Transport/Scrub mode and Send 4 Level. ASGN Switches Send 4 Mute state. ASGN Modifier for function of EQ controls, AUX 1 to 4 buttons, PAN knob and data wheel. F1 Enables/disables Cycle mode. F2 Enables/disables Autopunch mode. F3 Enables/disables Scrub mode. PAN Controls panning of selected channel. ASGN Sets currently selected channel’s input. NULL Modifier for NULL mode. NULL mode allows you to update the fader positions to match the actual volume (shown in Logic Express). Data wheel AUX 1 LED on: Controls the Send 1 Level of the selected channel. AUX 2 LED on: Controls the Send 2 Level of the selected channel. AUX 3 LED on: Controls the Send 3 Level of the selected channel. AUX 4 LED on: Controls the Send 4 Level of the selected channel. F3 LED on: Data wheel is in Scrub mode. None of the above is lit: Data wheel is in Transport mode, and moves the playhead in one bar increments. ASGN Sets currently selected channel’s output. LOCATE Section Control Assignment << LOCATE Moves playhead to previous marker position. LOCATE >> Moves playhead to next marker position. SET Creates a new marker at the current playhead position. Chapter 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 209 BANK Section Control Assignment < BANK Shifts fader bank left by one bank (a bank is a group of channels). The LED is lit if the left-most fader bank has not been reached. BANK > Shifts fader bank right by one bank. The LED is lit if the right-most fader bank has not been reached. Transport Section 210 Control Assignment REW Moves the playhead backward by one bar. F FWD Moves the playhead forward by one bar. STOP Stops playback. PLAY Starts playback. RECORD Begins recording. Chapter 17 Tascam US-428 and US-224 18 Yamaha 01V96 18 Setting Up Your Yamaha 01V96 Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Express 8.  Make sure that your 01V96 units are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the 01V96 front panel: 1 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [DIO/SETUP] button repeatedly, until the DIO/Setup/MIDI/ Host page is visible. 2 Move the cursor to the first DAW parameter box in the Special Functions section, and rotate the parameter wheel to select USB and 1-2. 3 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [DIO/SETUP] button repeatedly, until the DIO/Setup/Remote page is visible. 4 Rotate the parameter wheel to choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter. 5 Press the LAYER [REMOTE] button. In Logic Express: The unit is installed automatically when Logic Express is opened. You should see two 01V96 (USB 1–2) icons in the setup window, aligned horizontally. 211 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function/use, while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section Control Assignment AUTOMIX While held, the channel strip displays show the current automation mode. PAIR/GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the DSP Edit Section (shown in the control surface’s display) shows the number and name of the group being edited.  Parameter control buttons F1 to F4 switch the properties of the group being edited. The group name is shown in the lower line.  When the INSERT/PARAM button is set to Insert, the Parameter wheel scrolls through the group properties. At other times, it selects the group currently being edited.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the channel. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to a view of channels used by Arrange tracks. EFFECT Hides or shows the Sample Editor. FADER MODE Section Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 2 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 3 Destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8. 212 AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 Level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 4 Destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 Level to encoders, and Send 5 to 8 Levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 5 Destination assignment. AUX 6 Switches Encoder Select buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. AUX 7 Assigns Pan to encoders; assigns selected channel’s pan parameters to DSP encoders. AUX 8 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons when channel strip AUTO button is off:  Indicator off: Track/channel selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. HOME Enables or disables Flip mode. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 LCD Function Control Assignment Left/Right buttons Effect Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of parameters shown in the control surface group (usually four). DAW ALT/FINE Effect Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by one. F1 Clears Overload LEDs. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer, and displays MIDI channels. DAW ALT/FINE Opens or closes Arrange window. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 213 LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons: Insert Display Mode Press the [F2] button to select Insert Display mode. In this mode, the LCD displays parameters, allowing you to edit effects. This mode also allows you to switch between different Insert slots, enabling editing of each effect plug-in. 214 Display Assignment TIME CODE option Active if counter is displaying SMPTE time code. FEET Not assigned. BEATS option Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/divisions/ticks. Counter display Displays either SMPTE time code or bars/beats/divisions/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. ASSIGN — COMPARE Switches display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. BYPASS Switches bypass status of effect currently being edited. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Effect Assign and Effect Edit modes. Pressing Rotary controls 1 to 4 Pan Assign mode:  Rotary control 1 centers pan. Send Assign mode:  Enables/disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Effect Assign mode:  Confirms the effect selection for Insert slots 1 to 4 or 5 to 8, and enters Effect Edit mode for the selected Insert slot. Effect Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or toggles buttons with two states. Moving rotary controls 1 to 4 Pan Assign mode:  Rotary control 1 edits Pan. Send Assign mode:  Controls the send level of Sends 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Effect Assign mode:  Chooses Insert slot 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Effect Edit mode:  Sets value. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 Channel Display Mode Control Assignment Moving parameter controls 1 to 16 Adjusts parameter selected in the FADER MODE section. Pressing parameter When Send 1 to 8 is selected: Edits send pre/post fader position, enables or controls 1 to 16 disables send mute, or sets send level to default value. Send, Input, or Output Assignment mode: Confirms selection. SELECTED CHANNEL Section Control Assignment Pan control Adjusts parameter selected in the FADER MODE section. Data Entry Section Control Assignment Parameter wheel Default: Move playhead by one bar. Scrub: Scrubbing (of audio or MIDI) Shuttle: Shuttle mode [DEC] button Default: Exits folder. In Go to Marker dialog: Cancels dialog. DAW ALT/FINE Opens or closes Audio Bin window. [INC] button Enters selected folder. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 215 Channel Strips Control Assignment Level Meters Display momentary and peak level. SEL If AUTO off:  FADER MODE [AUX 8] off: Selects channel.  FADER MODE [AUX 8] on: Selects channel for insert assignment, allowing you to insert effects. If AUTO on:  Cycles through automation modes. Sets the selected mode when an automation mode button is held down. DAW SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. SOLO Enables or disables Solo button. DAW OPTION/ALL Disables Solo button of all channels. ON Enables or disables Mute button. DAW OPTION/ALL Unmutes all channels. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates encoder (assigned to Parameter wheel) in Flip mode. Stereo Channel Strip Section Control Assignment SEL Switches channel strip SEL buttons between channel strip and insert selection duties. User Defined Keys Section These keys can be assigned to the following functions: 216 Control Assignment DAW WIN STATUS Opens or closes the Audio Bin window. DAW REC/RDY 1 to 16 Enables or disables Record Enable button of channel. DAW WIN TRANSPORT Opens or closes the Transport bar window. DAW BANK– Shifts channel strips by one bank (a bank is group of channels or parameters) to the left. DAW BANK+ Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. DAW SHIFT/ADD Shifts to second use of some buttons. See descriptions of other buttons. DAW OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to full: Turning the encoder to the right sets the maximum value. Turning it to the left sets the minimum value. The encoder also stops at its default value. Also see description of other buttons. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 Control Assignment DAW GROUP STATUS Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the display shows the number and name of the group currently being edited.  Parameter control buttons 1 to 4 switch between properties of the currently edited group. Group name is shown in the lower line.  When INSERT/PARAM is set to INSERT, the left and right Tab Scroll buttons scroll through the group properties. At other times, it selects a group for editing.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the channel. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Channel view. DAW SUSPEND Enables or disables the Group Clutch. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Extended Channel view. DAW CREATE GROUP Creates a new group, and enters Group Edit mode (see above). DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view. DAW WIN MIX/EDIT Switches between the Arrange and Mixer windows. DAW CHANNEL – Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. DAW CHANNEL+ Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. DAW CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). DAW ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to fine: value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see description of other buttons. DAW MONI STATUS — DAW UNDO Performs an Undo (of the last editing operation). DAW SHIFT/ADD Performs Redo (of the last Undo operation). DAW OPTION/ALL Opens Undo History window. DAW SAVE Saves the project. DAW WIN MEM-LOC Opens or closes the Marker List. DAW OPTION/ALL Performs a Save As operation, allowing you to save the project with a different name. DAW EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held, numerical buttons select a specific tool. DAW WIN INSERT Opens or closes the Sample Editor. DAW REC/RDY ALL Disable Record Enable for all channels. DAW SCRUB Enables or disables Scrub mode. DAW SHUTTLE Enables or disables Shuttle mode. DAW REW Shuttles backward. DAW FF Shuttles forward. DAW STOP Stop DAW PLAY Play DAW SHIFT/ADD Pause DAW REC Record Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 217 Control Assignment DAW PRE Sets the left locator at the current playhead position. DAW IN Sets the punch in locator at the current playhead position. DAW OUT Sets the punch out locator at the current playhead position. DAW POST Sets the right locator at the current playhead position. DAW RTZ Moves the playhead to the left locator position. DAW END Moves the playhead to the right locator position. DAW ONLINE Enables/disables internal/external synchronization. DAW QUICK PUNCH Enables/disables Autopunch mode. DAW AUTO FADER Enables/disables volume automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PAN Enables/disables pan automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PLUGIN Enables/disables plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO MUTE Enables/disables mute automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND Enables/disables send level automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO WRITE Sets selected track/channel to Write automation mode. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Write automation mode. DAW AUTO TOUCH Sets selected track/channel to Touch automation mode. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Touch automation mode. DAW AUTO LATCH Sets selected track/channel to Latch automation mode. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Latch automation mode. DAW AUTO READ Sets selected track/channel to Read automation mode. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Read automation mode. DAW AUTO OFF Sets selected track to Off automation mode. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Off automation mode. DAW AUTO STATUS 218 While held down, the channel strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track/channel. Chapter 18 Yamaha 01V96 19 Yamaha 02R96 19 Setting Up Your Yamaha 02R96 Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Express.  Make sure that your 02R96 units are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the 02R96 Front Panel: 1 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [DIO/SETUP] button repeatedly, until the DIO/Setup/MIDI/ Host page is visible. 2 Move the cursor to the first DAW parameter box in the Special Functions section, and rotate the parameter wheel to select USB and 1-2. 3 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [DIO/SETUP] button repeatedly, until the DIO/Setup/Remote page is visible. 4 Rotate the parameter wheel to choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter. 5 Press the LAYER [REMOTE] button. In Logic Express: The unit is installed automatically when you open Logic Express. You should see three 02R96 (USB 1-3) icons in the setup window, aligned horizontally. 219 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function, while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section Control Assignment METER Clears Overload LEDs. AUX SELECT Section Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to rotary knobs shown in display. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. AUX 2 Assigns Send 2 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to rotary knobs shown in display. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 2 destination assignment. AUX 3 Assigns Send 3 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to rotary knobs shown in display. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 3 destination assignment. AUX 4 Assigns Send 4 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to rotary knobs shown in display. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 4 destination assignment. AUX 5 Assigns Send 5 level to encoders, and Send 5 to 8 levels to rotary knobs shown in display. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 5 destination assignment. ENCODER MODE Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns pan to encoders; assigns selected channel’s pan parameters to display encoders. AUX Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to DSP encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. FADER MODE Section 220 Control Assignment FADER Enables or disables Flip mode. AUX/MTRX Enables or disables Flip mode. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 EFFECTS/PLUG-INS Section Control Assignment display Opens or closes the Sample Editor window. PLUG-INS Switches encoder buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. CHANNEL INSERTS Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons:  Indicator off: Channel selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. 1 — 2 Switches display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. 3 Switches bypass state of Insert slot that is currently being edited. 4 Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter Up & Parameter Down Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of parameters shown in the control surface group. Parameter control 1–4 buttons Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 button centers pan. Send Assignment mode:  Enables or disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Confirms the plug-in selection for Insert slots 1 to 4 or 5 to 8, and enters Plug-in Edit mode for the selected Insert slot. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or sets bi-polar switch to on/off. Parameter controls Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 edits pan. Send Assignment mode:  Controls the send level of Sends 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Chooses Insert slot 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 221 LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons:  INSERT ASSIGN/EDIT Display mode: Parameter details, plug-in selection, or plug-in parameters. Press [F2] to select this mode (for details on the assignments, see table below).  Channel view mode: Encoder values and channel strip display. Press [F3] to select this mode.  Level meters view mode: Press [F4] to select this mode. The following assignments are available in all three modes: Display Assignment TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying SMPTE time code. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/divisions/ticks. Counter display Displays SMPTE time code or bars/beats/divisions/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the Encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. USER DEFINED KEYS Section 222 Control Assignment display While held, the channel strip displays show the automation mode of the selected channels. 1 Switches between the Arrange and Mixer windows. 2 Enables/disables the Group Clutch. 3 Sets selected track/channel to Write automation mode. 4 Sets selected track/channel to Touch automation mode. 5 Sets selected track/channel to Latch automation mode. 6 Sets selected track/channel to Read automation mode. 8 Sets selected track/channel to Off automation mode. 9 Shifts channel strips by one bank (a bank is a group of channels or parameters) to the left. 10 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. 11 Enables/disables volume automation playback and recording. 12 Enables/disables mute automation playback and recording. 13 Enables/disables pan automation playback and recording. 14 Enables/disables send level automation playback and recording. 16 Enables/disables plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 Channel Strips Control Assignment Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Select Pan selected: Sets pan to center position. button If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [PLUG-INS] on Sends 1 to 8 is selected: edits Send Pre/Post, switches Send Mute status, or sets Send Level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output: confirms selection. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. When an automation mode button is held down, the respective automation mode is set. SEL If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [CHANNEL INSERTS] off: Selects channel. If EFFECTS/PLUG-INS [CHANNEL INSERTS] on: Chooses channel for plug-in selection/ insertion. SOLO Enables/Disables Solo button. ON Enables/Disables Mute button. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates Encoder in Flip mode. MACHINE CONTROL Section Control Assignment display Opens or closes the Marker List. 1 to 8 Recalls markers 1 to 8. REW Shuttles backward. FF Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play REC Record Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 223 Data Entry Section 224 Control Assignment SCRUB Enables/disables Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Enables/disables Shuttle mode. Parameter Wheel Default: Move playhead by one bar. Scrub: Scrubbing. Shuttle: Shuttle mode. ENTER Enters selected folder. DEC Exits folder. INC Switches between Cursor and Zoom modes. Cursor Up Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Up Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out vertically. Cursor Down Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Down Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms in vertically. Cursor Left Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Left Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out horizontally. Cursor Right Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Right Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms in horizontally. Chapter 19 Yamaha 02R96 20 Yamaha DM1000 20 Setting Up Your Yamaha DM1000 Please follow these steps before using your control surface with Logic Express.  Make sure that your DM1000 units are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the DM1000 Front Panel: 1 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP] button repeatedly, until the Setup/MIDI/Host page is visible. 2 Move the cursor to the first DAW parameter box in the Special Functions section, and rotate the parameter wheel to select USB and 1–3. 3 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE] button, and then press the [F1] button. The Setup/ Remote 1 page is displayed. 4 Rotate the parameter wheel to choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter. 5 Press the LAYER [REMOTE 1] button. In Logic Express: When you open Logic Express, the unit is installed automatically. You should see three DM1000 (USB 1–3) icons in the Setup window, aligned horizontally. 225 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function, while holding down this modifier. DISPLAY ACCESS Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens or closes the Sample Editor. AUTOMIX While held, the channel strip displays show the automation mode of the selected channel. PAIR/GROUP Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the display shows the name and number of the group being edited.  Parameter control buttons 1 to 4 switch between properties of the currently edited group (name shown in lower line of LCD).  When INSERT/PARAM is set to INSERT, the left and right Tab Scroll buttons move through the group properties. Otherwise, it selects the group for editing.  The SELECT buttons enable/disable group membership of the channel. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Channel view. METER Clears Overload LEDs. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view, and displays MIDI channels. DAW ALT/FINE Opens or closes Arrange window. EFFECT Opens or closes Sample Editor. AUX SELECT Section Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to display encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 As above, for Send 2. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 As above, for Send 3. DAW SHIFT/ADD As above, for Send 8. 226 AUX 4 As above, for Send 4. AUX 5 As above, for Send 5. AUX 6 Switches encoder buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. AUX 8 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons when channel strip AUTO button is off:  Indicator off: Channel selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 ENCODER MODE Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns pan to encoders; assigns selected channel’s pan to display encoders. AUX Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to display encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. FADER MODE Section Control Assignment FADER MODE Enables or disables Flip mode. LCD Function Control Assignment Left & Right Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of parameter controls in the control surface group. DAW ALT/FINE Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by one (parameter). LCD The LCD displays different data, depending on the page selected with the F2, F3, and F4 buttons:  INSERT ASSIGN/EDIT Display Mode: parameter details, plug-in selection or plug-in parameters. Press [F2] to select this mode. Display Assignment LCD Displays parameter details, plug-in selection, or plug-in parameters. TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying time code. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/divisions/ticks. Time display Displays time code or bars/beats/divisions/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the Encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 227 LCD Insert Page Control Assignment COMPARE Switches display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/parameter value” modes. BYPASS Activates or deactivates bypass of plug-in insert currently being edited. INSERT/PARAM Switches between Plug-in Assign and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter control 1–4 buttons Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 button centers pan. Send Assignment mode:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Confirms the plug-in selection for Insert slots 1 to 4 or 5 to 8, and enters Plug-in Edit mode for the selected Insert slot. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or sets bi-polar switch on/off. Parameter controls Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 edits pan. Send Assignment mode:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Assigns Insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value to default. Data Entry Section Control Assignment Parameter wheel Default: Move playhead by one bar. Scrub: Scrubbing Shuttle: Shuttle mode – (DEC) Default: Exits folder. In Go to Marker dialog: Cancels dialog. DAW ALT/FINE Opens or closes Audio Bin. + (INC) 228 Enters selected folder. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 Channel Strips Control Assignment Level Meters Display momentary and peak level. Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Select button Pan selected: Sets pan to center position, if MATRIX 1 on. Send 1 to 8 selected: Edits send pre/post position, activates/deactivates send mute, or sets send level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output selected: Confirms selection. SEL If AUTO off:  AUX [AUX 8] off: Selects channel.  AUX [AUX 8] on: Selects channel for insert assignment. If AUTO on:  Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. DAW SHIFT/ADD Sets volume to unity level. MATRIX SELECT 1 Sets volume to unity level. SOLO Enables or disables Solo button. DAW OPTION/ALL Disables Solo button of all channels. ON Enables or disables Mute button. DAW OPTION/ALL Unmutes all channels. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates encoder assignment in Flip mode. Stereo Channel Strip Control Assignment AUTO Switches channel strip SEL buttons between channel and insert selection duties. USER DEFINED KEYS Section These keys can be assigned to the following functions: Control Assignment DAW WIN STATUS Opens or closes the Audio Bin. DAW REC/RDY 1 to 16 Enables or disables Record Enable button of channel. DAW WIN TRANSPORT Opens or closes the Transport bar window. DAW BANK- Shifts channel strips by one bank (a bank is a group of channels or parameters) to the left. DAW BANK+ Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. DAW SHIFT/ADD Enables a second function/use for some buttons. DAW OPTION/ALL While held down, value change mode is set to full: Turning the encoder to the right sets the maximum value. Turning it to the left sets the minimum value. The encoder also stops at its default value. Also see description of other buttons. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 229 Control Assignment DAW GROUP STATUS Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the display shows the name and number of the group being edited.  Parameter control buttons 1 to 4 switch between the properties of the group currently being edited (names shown in lower line of display).  When INSERT/PARAM is set to INSERT, the left and right Tab Scroll buttons move through the group properties. At other times, they select the currently edited group.  The SELECT buttons activate/deactivate group membership of the channel. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Channel view. DAW SUSPEND Enables or disables the Group Clutch. DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Extended Channel view. DAW CREATE GROUP Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). DAW SHIFT/ADD Switches to Mixer view. DAW WIN MIX/EDIT Switches between the Arrange and Mixer windows. DAW CHANNEL - Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. DAW CHANNEL+ Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. DAW CTRL/CLUTCH While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). DAW ALT/FINE While held down, value change mode is set to fine: value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see description of other buttons. DAW MONI STATUS — DAW UNDO Performs an undo (of the last editing operation). DAW SHIFT/ADD Performs a redo (of the last undo operation). DAW OPTION/ALL Opens the Undo History window. DAW SAVE Saves the project. DAW WIN MEM-LOC Opens or closes the Marker List. DAW OPTION/ALL Performs a Save As operation, allowing you to save the project with a different name. DAW EDIT TOOL Selects the next tool. While held, numerical buttons select a specific tool. DAW WIN INSERT Opens or closes the Sample Editor. DAW REC/RDY ALL Disables Record Enable buttons of all channels. DAW SCRUB Enables or disables Scrub mode. DAW SHUTTLE Enables or disables Shuttle mode. DAW REW Shuttles backward. DAW FF Shuttles forward. DAW STOP Stop DAW PLAY Play DAW SHIFT/ADD Pause 230 Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 Control Assignment DAW REC Record DAW PRE Sets left locator at current playhead position. DAW IN Sets punch in locator at current playhead position. DAW OUT Sets punch out locator at current playhead position. DAW POST Sets right locator at current playhead position. DAW RTZ Moves playhead to the left locator position. DAW END Moves playhead to the right locator position. DAW ONLINE Activates or deactivates internal/external synchronization. DAW QUICK PUNCH Enables or disables Autopunch mode. DAW AUTO FADER Enables or disables volume automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PAN Enables or disables pan automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO PLUGIN Enables or disables plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO MUTE Enables or disables mute automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO SEND Enables or disables send level automation playback and recording. DAW AUTO WRITE Sets selected track/channel to Write automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to “Write.” DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Write automation mode. DAW AUTO TOUCH Sets selected track/channel to Touch automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Touch. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Touch automation mode. DAW AUTO LATCH Sets selected track/channel to Latch automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Latch. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Latch automation mode. DAW AUTO READ Sets selected track/channel to Read automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Read. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Read automation mode. DAW AUTO TRIM — DAW AUTO OFF Sets selected track/channel to Off automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Off. DAW OPTION/ALL Sets all tracks/channels to Off automation mode. DAW AUTO STATUS While held down, the channel strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track/channel. Chapter 20 Yamaha DM1000 231 21 Yamaha DM2000 21 Setting Up Your Yamaha DM2000 Please follow these steps before using your DM2000 control surface with Logic Express.  Make sure that your DM2000 units are connected to the computer via USB.  Make sure that the MIDI driver shipped with the unit is installed. On the DM2000 Front Panel: 1 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [SETUP] button repeatedly, until the Setup/MIDI/Host page is visible. 2 Move the cursor to the first DAW parameter box in the Special Functions section, and rotate the parameter wheel to select USB and 1–4. 3 Press the DISPLAY ACCESS [REMOTE] button, and then press the [F1] button. The Setup/ Remote 1 page is displayed. 4 Rotate the parameter wheel to choose General DAW as the TARGET parameter. 5 Press the LAYER [REMOTE 1] button. In Logic Express: When you open Logic Express, the unit is installed automatically. You should see three DM2000 (USB 1–3) icons in the Setup window, aligned horizontally. 233 Assignment Overview A modifier button (such as SHIFT) shown below a button description indicates that the button has an alternate function, while holding down this modifier. MATRIX SELECT Section Control Assignment MATRIX 1 Switches encoder buttons between normal behavior and setting default value. MATRIX 2 Switches the encoder buttons between Send Position and Send Mute mode. MATRIX 4 If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] is on, switches the channel strip SEL buttons between Insert Select (indicator off ) and Insert Bypass mode (indicator on). AUX SELECT Section Control Assignment AUX 1 Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 levels to display encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. USER 4 As above, for Send 6. AUX 2 As above, for Send 2. USER 4 As above, for Send 7. AUX 3 As above, for Send 3. USER 4 As above, for Send 8. 234 AUX 4 As above, for Send 4. AUX 5 As above, for Send 5. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 ENCODER MODE Section Control Assignment PAN Assigns pan to encoders; assigns selected channel’s pan parameters to display encoders. AUX/MTRX Assigns Send 1 level to encoders, and Send 1 to 4 Levels to display encoders. While held, the channel strip displays show the current Send 1 destination assignment. ASSIGN 1 Assigns channel strip input assignment to encoders. While held down, the channel strip displays show the current channel strip input assignment. ASSIGN 2 Assigns channel strip output assignment to encoders. While held down, the channel strip displays show the current channel strip output assignment. ASSIGN 3 When encoders display a send level, switches them to Send Destination assignment mode. Press the Encoder button (or ASSIGN 3 again) to confirm the assignment. ASSIGN 4 Determines mode of channel strip SEL buttons:  Indicator off: Channel selection.  Indicator on: Insert selection or Insert Bypass, depending on MATRIX SELECT [MATRIX 4]. FADER MODE Section Control Assignment FADER Enables or disables Flip mode. AUX/MTRX Enables or disables Flip mode. DISPLAY ACCESS Section Control Assignment METER Clears Overload LEDs. USER 4 Switches to Mixer view, and displays MIDI channels. USER 13 Opens or closes Arrange window. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 235 EFFECTS/PLUG-INS Section Control Assignment Display Opens or closes the Sample Editor. 6 Switches display between “track name/parameter name” and “parameter name/ parameter value” modes. 7 Activates or deactivates bypass of Insert slot that is currently being edited. 8 Switches between Plug-in Assignment and Plug-in Edit modes. Parameter Up & Parameter Down Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by the number of parameter controls in the control surface group. USER 13 Plug-in Edit mode: Shifts parameter display by one parameter. Parameter control 1–4 buttons Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 button centers pan. Send Assignment mode:  Enables/Disables Sends 1 to 4 or Mutes 5 to 8. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Confirms the plug-in selection for Insert slots 1 to 4 or 5 to 8, and enters Plug-in Edit mode for the selected Insert slot. Plug-In Edit mode:  Sets value to default, or sets bi-polar switch on/off. Parameter controls Pan Assignment mode:  Parameter control 1 edits pan. Send Assignment mode:  Control Send 1 to 4 or 5 to 8 Level. Plug-in Assignment mode:  Assigns Insert 1 to 4 or 5 to 8. Plug-in Edit mode:  Sets value to default. LCD Display Assignment LCD Displays parameter details, plug-in selection, or plug-in parameters. TIME CODE Active if counter is displaying SMPTE time code. BEATS Active if counter is displaying bars/beats/divisions/ticks. Counter Displays SMPTE time code or bars/beats/divisions/ticks. SELECT ASSIGN Displays the encoder assignment as follows: Pan, Snd1 to Snd8, S1As to S8As, In, Out. 236 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 TRACK ARMING Section Control Assignment 1 to 24 Enables/disables Record Enable button of selected channel. USER 5 Disables Record Enable buttons of all channels. MASTER Disables Record Enable buttons of all channels. AUTOMIX Section Control Assignment DISPLAY While held, the channel strip displays show the automation mode of the selected track/channel. REC Sets selected track/channel to Write automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Write. USER 5 Sets all tracks/channels to Write automation mode. ABORT/UNDO Sets selected track/channel to Touch automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Touch. USER 5 Sets all tracks/channels to automation mode Touch. AUTOREC Sets selected track/channel to Latch automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Latch. USER 5 Sets all tracks/channels to automation mode Latch. RETURN Sets selected track/channel to Read automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Read. USER 5 Sets all tracks/channels to Read automation mode. RELATIVE — TOUCH SENSE Sets selected track/channel to Off automation mode. While held down, channel strip AUTO buttons set automation mode to Off. USER 5 Sets all tracks/channels to Off automation mode. OVERWRITE [FADER] Enables/Disables volume automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [PAN] Enables/Disables pan automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [EQ] Enables/Disables plug-in parameter automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [ON] Enables/Disables mute automation playback and recording. OVERWRITE [AUX] Enables/Disables send level automation playback and recording. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 237 USER DEFINED KEYS Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens or closes the Audio Bin window. 1 Opens or closes the Transport bar window. 2 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the left. 3 Shifts channel strips by one bank to the right. 4 Shifts to second function/use of some buttons (see descriptions of other buttons). 5 While held down, value change mode is set to full: Turning the encoder to the right sets the maximum value. Turning it to the left sets the minimum value. The encoder also stops at its default value. Also see description of other buttons. 6 Enters Group Edit mode:  The upper line in the display shows the name and number of the group being edited.  Parameter control buttons 1 to 4 switch between the properties of the group currently being edited (names shown in lower line of display).  When INSERT/PARAM is set to INSERT, the left and right Tab Scroll buttons move through the group properties. At other times, they select the currently edited group.  The SELECT buttons activate/deactivate group membership of the channel. USER 4 Switches to Channel view mode. 7 Activates or deactivates the Group Clutch (disables all groups). USER 4 Switches to Extended Channel view. 8 Creates a new group and enters Group Edit mode (see above). USER 4 Switches to Mixer view mode. 9 Switches between the Arrange and Mixer windows. 10 Shifts channel strips by one channel to the left. 11 Shifts channel strips by one channel to the right. 12 While held down, the Group Clutch is engaged (all groups are disabled). 13 While held down, value change mode is set to fine: value changes work at maximum resolution. Also see descriptions of other buttons. 14 — 15 Performs an Undo (of the last editing operation). USER 4 Performs a Redo (of the last undo operation). USER 5 Opens the Undo History window. 16 Saves the project. USER 5 Performs a Save As operation, allowing you to save the project with a different name. 238 Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 LOCATOR Section Control Assignment DISPLAY Opens or closes the Marker List. 1 to 8 Recalls markers 1 to 8. USER 4 Switches to Mixer view, and displays: 1: MIDI channels 2: Input channels 3: Audio channels. 4: Instrument channels 5: Aux channels 6: Bus channels 7: Output channels and the master channel DISPLAY Selects tool: HISTORY 1: Arrow [FORWARD] 2: Pencil 3: Eraser 4: Text tool 5: Scissors 6: Glue tool 7: Solo tool 8: Mute tool PRE Sets left locator at current playhead position. IN Sets punch in locator at current playhead position. OUT Sets punch out locator at current playhead position. POST Sets right locator at current playhead position. RETURN TO ZERO Moves playhead to the left locator position. END Moves playhead to the right locator position. ONLINE Activates/deactivates internal/external synchronization. QUICK PUNCH Enables/disables Autopunch mode. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 239 Channel Strips Control Assignment Level Meters Displays momentary and peak levels. Encoder Adjusts parameter selected in the AUX SELECT section. Encoder Select Pan selected: Sets pan to center position. button If MATRIX 1 on Send 1 to 8 is selected: Edits send pre/post position, activates/ deactivates send mute, or sets send level to default value. Send Assign, Input, or Output selected: Confirms selection. AUTO Cycles through automation modes. With an automation mode button held down, sets this automation mode. SEL If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] off: Selects channel. If ENCODER MODE [ASSIGN 4] on:  BYPASS off: Selects channel for plug-in selection.  BYPASS on: Switches bypass status of currently selected Insert slot. USER 4 Sets volume to unity level. MATRIX SELECT Sets volume to unity level. 1 SOLO Enables or disables Solo button. USER 5 Disables Solo button for all channels. ON Enables or disables Mute button. USER 5 Unmutes all channels. Channel strip display Displays channel name, or send, input, or output assignment. Fader Adjusts volume, or duplicates encoder in Flip mode. Transport/Cursor Section Control Assignment REW Shuttles backward. FF Shuttles forward. STOP Stop PLAY Play USER 4 Pause 240 REC Record DISPLAY HISTORY [FORWARD] Selects the next tool. While held down, numerical buttons select a specific tool. SCRUB Enables or disables Scrub mode. SHUTTLE Enables or disables Shuttle mode. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 Control Assignment Parameter Wheel Default: Moves playhead by one bar Scrub: Scrubbing Shuttle: Shuttle mode DEC Default: Exits folder. In Go to Marker dialog: Cancels dialog. USER 13 Opens or closes Audio Bin. INC Switches between Cursor and Zoom mode. Cursor Up Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Up Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out vertically. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom out. USER 13 Page Up USER 5 Scroll to top + USER 13 Cursor Down Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Down Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms in vertically. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom in. USER 13 Page Down. USER 5 Scroll to bottom. + USER 13 Cursor Left Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Left Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms out horizontally. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset for tracks of the same type. USER 13 Page Left USER 5 Scroll to left border + USER 13 Cursor Right Cursor mode: Equivalent to computer keyboard Right Arrow key. Zoom mode: Zooms in horizontally. USER 4 Zoom mode: Individual track zoom reset of all tracks. USER 13 Page Right USER 5 Scroll to right border (of window with key focus) + USER 13 ENTER Enters selected folder. Chapter 21 Yamaha DM2000 241