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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110460
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omistajan-kasikirja-110439
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - C929
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110457
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-savininko-vadovas-110446
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-del-propietario-110438
Toys & Accessories - Lego - DUPLO Town - AROUND THE WORLD - 10805
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kullan-m-k-lavuzu-110458
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts_5d8a7f921c3648a62136367
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-navod-k-obsluze-110433
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-prirocnik-za-lastnika-110456
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuel-du-proprietaire-110440
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-agarmanual-110454
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.6L 2BL SOHC--31218102
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuale-del-proprietario-110445
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
Printers & Accessories - Xerox - WorkCentre Pro C2128~C2636~C3545
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Printers & Accessories - Epson - WorkForce 40
Summary of Content
EBU00438 READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY! It contains important safety information. WARNING Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH. BEER BEER ALWAYS USE AN APPROVED HELMET AND PROTECTIVE GEAR NEVER USE ON PUBLIC ROADS NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS NEVER USE WITH DRUGS OR ALCOHOL NEVER operate: ALWAYS: without proper training or instruction. use proper riding techniques to avoid at speeds too fast for your skills or the vehicle overturns on hills and rough conditions. terrain and in turns. on public roads-a collision can occur with avoid paved surfaces-pavement may another vehicle. seriously affect handling and control. with a passenger-passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk of losing control. LOCATE AND READ OWNER’S MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS. (For replacement manual, call 1-800-532-1558) OWNER’S MANUAL YFM400S WARNING YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN USA 2003.04-1.3 ×1 CR (E) LIT-11626-17-08 This ATV should not be ridden by anyone under 16 years of age. 5GW-F8199-14 EBU00776 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00941 INTRODUCTION 1- Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YFM400. It represents the result of many years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pace-setting racing ATVs. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields. This manual will provide you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this ATV. This manual includes important safety information. It provides information about special techniques and skills necessary to ride your ATV. It also includes basic maintenance and inspection procedures. If you have any questions regarding the operation or maintenance of your ATV, please consult a Yamaha dealer. AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE: ● READ THIS MANUAL TOGETHER WITH TIPS FOR THE ATV RIDER CAREFULLY AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR ATV. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ALL INSTRUCTIONS. ● PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS ON THE ATV. ● NEVER OPERATE AN ATV WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING OR INSTRUCTION. FREE TRAINING IS AVAILABLE TO ANYONE WHO BUYS A NEW ATV. CALL 1-800-887-2887 FOR MORE INFORMATION. ● THIS ATV, AND ANY OTHER ATV OVER 90cc, SHOULD NOT BE RIDDEN BY ANYONE UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE. U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00801 IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION 1- FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations: The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED! WARNING CAUTION: NOTE: Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the machine operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the machine. A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to the machine. A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer. U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00011 IMPORTANT NOTICE This machine is designed and manufactured for OFF-ROAD use only. It is illegal and unsafe to operate this machine on any public street, road or highway. This machine complies with all applicable OFF-ROAD noise level and spark arrester laws and regulations in effect at the time of manufacture. Please check your local riding laws and regulations before operating this machine. EBU01067 AFFIX DEALER LABEL HERE YFM400S OWNER’S MANUAL ©2003 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. 1st edition, April 2003 All rights reserved. Any reprinting or unauthorized use without the written permission of Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. is expressly prohibited. Printed in U.S.A. P/N LIT-11626-17-08 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00014 WARNING Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. CONTENTS 1 LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND SPECIFICATION LABELS....... 1-1 2 SAFETY INFORMATION.................. 2-1 3 DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION ............................. 3-1 Identification number records.......... 3-2 Key identification number................ 3-2 Vehicle identification number .......... 3-3 Model label ...................................... 3-3 4 CONTROL FUNCTIONS...................4-1 Main switch ......................................4-1 Indicator and warning lights .............4-2 Speedometer ...................................4-4 Fuel gauge .......................................4-4 Handlebar switches .........................4-5 Throttle lever ....................................4-6 Speed limiter ....................................4-7 Front brake lever..............................4-8 Brake pedal and rear brake lever ....4-8 Parking brake...................................4-9 Shift pedal ......................................4-10 Reverse knob.................................4-10 Recoil starter..................................4-11 Fuel tank cap .................................4-12 Fuel cock........................................4-13 Starter (choke) ...............................4-14 Seat................................................4-15 Storage box....................................4-16 Front carrier ...................................4-16 Rear carrier ....................................4-16 Front shock absorber adjustment ...................................4-17 EETOC.fm Page 2 Friday, April 11, 2003 4:23 PM Rear shock absorber adjustment................................... 4-18 Auxiliary DC jack........................... 4-19 5 PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ........... 5-1 Front and rear brakes ..................... 5-3 Fuel ................................................. 5-5 Engine oil ........................................ 5-7 Final gear oil.................................... 5-7 Throttle lever ................................... 5-8 Fittings and fasteners...................... 5-8 Lights............................................... 5-8 Switches.......................................... 5-8 Tires ................................................ 5-9 How to measure tire pressure ...................................... 5-11 Tire wear limit................................ 5-12 6 OPERATION ..................................... 6-1 Starting a cold engine...................... 6-1 Starting a warm engine ................... 6-3 Warming up ..................................... 6-3 Reverse knob operation and reverse driving ............................... 6-4 Shifting............................................. 6-5 To start out and accelerate.............. 6-6 To decelerate................................... 6-7 Engine break-in ............................... 6-7 Parking............................................. 6-9 Parking on a slope........................... 6-9 Accessories and loading ............... 6-11 7 RIDING YOUR ATV .......................... 7-1 Getting to know your ATV ............... 7-3 Ride with care and good judgement...................................... 7-4 Be careful where you ride.............. 7-16 Turning your ATV .......................... 7-23 Climbing uphill ............................... 7-25 Riding downhill .............................. 7-30 Crossing a slope............................ 7-32 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Crossing through shallow water.... 7-34 Riding over rough terrain............... 7-36 Sliding and skidding ...................... 7-38 What to do if .................................. 7-40 What to do ..................................... 7-40 8 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT.................................. 8-1 Owner’s manual and tool kit............ 8-1 Periodic maintenance/ lubrication ...................................... 8-3 Engine oil and oil filter element ....... 8-5 Final gear oil .................................. 8-10 Spark plug inspection.................... 8-12 Air filter element cleaning.............. 8-13 Spark arrester cleaning ................. 8-17 Carburetor adjustment................... 8-18 Idle speed adjustment ................... 8-19 Valve clearance adjustment .......... 8-20 Throttle lever adjustment............... 8-20 Front brake pad check .................. 8-21 Rear brake shoe inspection .......... 8-21 Brake fluid level check................... 8-22 Brake fluid replacement .................8-23 Front brake lever free play.............8-24 Brake pedal and rear brake lever adjustment ...................................8-25 Adjusting the rear brake light switch ...........................................8-28 Clutch adjustment ..........................8-28 Cable inspection and lubrication.....................................8-29 Brake and shift pedal/ brake lever lubrication..................8-30 Wheel removal...............................8-30 Wheel installation...........................8-31 Battery............................................8-32 Battery maintenance......................8-33 Fuse replacement ..........................8-33 Replacing a headlight bulb ............8-35 Headlight beam adjustment...........8-38 Tail/brake light bulb replacement .................................8-38 Troubleshooting .............................8-40 Troubleshooting chart ....................8-41 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 9 CLEANING AND STORAGE............ 9-1 A. Cleaning...................................... 9-1 B. Storage ....................................... 9-3 10 SPECIFICATIONS.......................... 10-1 11 NOISE REGULATION.................... 11-1 12 MAINTENANCE RECORD ............ 12-1 13 ATV LIMITED WARRANTY ........... 13-1 14 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) .......................................... 14-1 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00464 LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND SPECIFICATION LABELS 1-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 2 Read and understand all of the labels on your machine. They contain important information for safe and proper operation of your ATV. 1 2 3 Never remove any labels from your ATV. If a label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label is available from your Yamaha dealer. 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 1 WARNING 10 11 Overloading this ATV or carrying cargo improperly can change handling. stability and braking performance and can lead to an accident. Never exceed the maximum front cargo limit of : 40kg (88 lbs) NEVER sit on the carrier. Refer to instructions in the Owner's Manual. 12 13 14 5ND-F4877-00 1-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 4 6 WARNING Overloading this ATV or carrying cargo improperly can change handling. stability and braking performance and can lead to an accident. Never exceed the maximum rear cargo limit of : 80kg (176 lbs) NEVER sit on the carrier. Refer to instructions in the Owner's Manual. 5ND-F4897-00 5 1-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7 8 MAXIMUM .LOADING LIMIT PULLING LOAD: TONGUE WEIGHT: 4020 904 147 33 (410kgf) N lbf ( 15kgf) N lbf 5FU-F151K-00 1-4 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00924 SAFETY INFORMATION AN ATV IS NOT A TOY AND CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE. An ATV handles differently from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and riding on hills or over obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions. SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions: ● Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described. ● Never operate an ATV without proper training or instruction. Take a Training Course. Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887 to find out about the training courses nearest you. ● Always follow the age recommendation: - A child under 16 years old should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc. ● Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision, and never allow continued use of an ATV by a child if he or she does not have the abilities to operate it safely. ● Never carry passenger on an ATV. 2-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Always avoid operating an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets. Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You should also wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, long-sleeved shirt or jacket, and long pants. Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV. Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience. Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts. Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual. Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of the ATV during operation. Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain. 2-2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● ● ● ● Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed. Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting larger hills. Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. Never go over the top of a hill at high speed. Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique described in this manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. 2-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● ● ● ● Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, use proper gear and maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Dismount on the uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in this manual. Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual. Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that recommended in this manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings. Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse. When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly. 2-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● ● ● Always use the size and type tires specified in this manual. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual. Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Products Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or the ATV Distributor’s Safety Hotline at 1-800-852-5344. 2-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING When transporting the ATV in another vehicle, be sure it is kept upright and that the fuel cock is in the “OFF” position. Otherwise, fuel may leak out of the carburetor or fuel tank. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injuries. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD If you should swallow some gasoline or inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline in your eyes, see your doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on your skin, wash with soap and water. If gasoline spills on your clothing, change your clothes. POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper handling of gasoline. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Gasoline can catch fire and you could be burned. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always turn off the engine when refueling. Do not refuel right after the engine has been running and is still very hot. Do not spill gasoline on the engine or exhaust pipe/muffler when refueling. Never refuel while smoking, or while in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or other sources of ignition such as the pilot lights of water heaters and clothes dryers. 2-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Starting or running the engine in a closed area. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of consciousness and death within a short time. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always operate your ATV in an area with adequate ventilation. 2-7 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00032 DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Spark arrester Rear carrier Seat Auxiliary DC jack Front carrier Brake pedal Headlights Fuel cock Recoil starter Tail/brake light Rear wheel Shift pedal 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. Front wheel Rear brake lever Parking brake lock plate Starter (choke) Speedometer Reverse knob Front brake lever Throttle lever Fuel gauge Main switch Left handlebar switches NOTE: The machine you have purchased may differ slightly from those shown in the figures of this manual. 3-1 9 10 11 12 13 14 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00600 EBU00035 Identification number records Record the key identification number, vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen. 1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: Key identification number The key identification number is stamped on the key as shown in the following illustration. This number can be used for ordering a new key. 2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: 1. Key identification number 3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION: 3-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00036 EBU00787 Vehicle identification number The vehicle identification number is stamped into the frame. Model label The model label is affixed to the location in the illustration. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will be needed to order spare parts from your Yamaha dealer. 1. Vehicle identification number NOTE: The vehicle identification number is used to identify your machine. 1. Model label 3-3 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00039 CONTROL FUNCTIONS WARNING Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. EBU00942 Main switch Functions of the respective switch positions are as follows: ON: The engine can be started only at this position and the headlights and taillight come on when the light switch is on. OFF: All electrical circuits are switched off. The key can be removed in this position. 4-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00802 EBU00732 Indicator and warning lights Oil temperature warning light “OIL TEMP” When the oil temperature reaches a specified level, this light comes on to warn that the engine oil temperature is too hot. If the warning light comes on during operation, stop the engine as soon as it is safe to do so and allow the engine to cool down for about 10 minutes. CAUTION: ● 1. Reverse indicator light “REVERSE” 2. Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL” 3. Oil temperature warning light “OIL TEMP” ● EBU00044 Reverse indicator light “REVERSE” This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in reverse. The engine may overheat if the ATV is overloaded. If this happens, reduce the load to specification. Restart after making sure that the warning light is out. Continuous use while the warning light is on may cause damage to the engine. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 EBU00045 Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL” This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in neutral. 4-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00733 Oil temperature warning light checking method ACB-10E Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “ ”. Oil temperature warning light does not come on. Oil temperature warning light comes on. Push start switch with the transmission in neutral. Check engine oil temperature. Oil temperature warning light comes on momentarily. Oil temperature warning light does not come on. Oil temperature is low. Oil temperature is high. Allow to cool. Engine oil temperature and electrical circuit are OK. Go ahead with riding. Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the electrical circuit. 4-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00051 EBU00052 Speedometer The speedometer shows riding speed. This speedometer is equipped with an odometer and trip odometer. The trip odometer can be reset to “0” with the reset knob. Use the trip odometer to estimate how far you can ride on a tank of fuel before going to reserve. This information will enable you to plan fuel stops in the future. Fuel gauge The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel in the fuel tank. When the needle reaches the red line, refill the tank at the first opportunity. 1. Fuel gauge 1. Reset knob 3. Odometer 2. Red line NOTE: If the machine runs out of fuel, move the fuel cock lever to the “RES” position. Approximately 4.0 L (0.9 Imp gal, 1.1 US gal) of fuel will be remaining in the tank. 2. Speedometer 4. Trip odometer 4-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00053 EBU00607 Handlebar switches Start switch “ ” The starter motor cranks the engine when this switch is pushed. CAUTION: See starting instructions prior to starting the engine. (See page 6-1 for details.) _ EBU01204 1. Lights switch “ / 2. Engine stop switch “ 3. Start switch “ ” Light switch “ / /OFF” Set the switch to “ ” to turn on the low beam and the taillight. Set the switch to “ ” to turn on the high beam and the taillight. Set the switch to “OFF” to turn off all the lights. /OFF” ”/“ ” EBU01205 Engine stop switch “ / ” Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to “ ” before starting the engine. The engine stop switch controls ignition and can be used at all times to stop the engine, especially in an emergency. The engine will not start or run when the engine stop switch is set to “ ”. CAUTION: _ Do not use the headlights with the engine turned off for more than thirty minutes. The battery may discharge to the point that the starter motor will not operate properly. If this should happen, remove the battery and recharge it. 4-5 _ U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00062 Throttle lever Once the engine is running, movement of the throttle lever will increase the engine speed. Regulate the speed of the machine by varying the throttle position. Because the throttle is spring-loaded, the machine will decelerate, and the engine will return to an idle any time the hand is removed from the throttle lever. Before starting the engine, check the throttle to be sure it is operating smoothly. Make sure it returns to the idle position as soon as the lever is released. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Malfunction of throttle. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The throttle could be hard to operate, making it difficult to speed up or slow down when you need to. This could cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Check the operation of the throttle lever before you start the engine. If it does not work smoothly, check for the cause. Correct the problem before riding the ATV. Consult a Yamaha dealer if you can’t find or solve the problem yourself. 1. Throttle lever 4-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01159 Speed limiter The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully opening, even when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum. Turning in the adjusting screw limits the maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum speed of the ATV. 1. Locknut 2. Adjusting screw WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper adjustment of the speed limiter and throttle. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The throttle cable could be damaged. Improper throttle operation could result. You could lose control, have an accident or be injured. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not turn the adjusting screw out more than 12 mm (0.47 in). Always make sure the throttle lever free play is adjusted to 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in). See page 8-20. a. 12 mm (0.47 in) 4-7 U5GW14.book Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00070 Front brake lever The front brake lever is located on the right handlebar. Pull it toward the handlebar to apply the front brake. 1. Brake pedal 1. Front brake lever EBU00732 Brake pedal and rear brake lever The brake pedal is located on the right side of the ATV and the rear brake lever is located on the left handlebar. Push down on the pedal or pull the lever toward the handlebar to apply the rear brake. 1. Rear brake lever 4-8 U5GW14.book Page 9 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00074 Parking brake Use the parking brake when you have to start the engine or park the machine, especially on a slope. Apply the rear brake lever and push down the lock plate to apply the parking brake. Squeeze the rear brake lever to release the parking brake. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper use of the parking brake. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could start moving unexpectedly if the parking brake is not applied before starting the engine. This could cause loss of control or a collision. The brake could overheat if you ride the ATV without releasing the parking brake. You could lose braking performance which could cause an accident. You could also wear out the brakes prematurely. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always set the parking brake before starting the engine. Always be sure you have released the parking brake before you begin to ride. 1. Lock plate 4-9 U5GW14.book Page 10 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00084 EBU10280 Shift pedal This machine is equipped with a constantmesh 5-speed forward and 1-speed reverse transmission. The shift pedal is located on the left side of the engine. Reverse is at the bottom position. Neutral is one position above reverse. Reverse knob “REV” The reverse knob is used to shift into reverse gear. Refer to the “Reverse knob operation and reverse driving” section (page 6-4) before operating this machine in reverse gear. 1. Reverse knob “REV” 1. Shift pedal 4-10 U5GW14.book Page 11 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00590 Recoil starter Firmly grasp the handle and pull slightly until engagement can be felt. Then pull forcefully, being careful not to pull the rope all the way out. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Starting the engine in gear and/or starting the engine without setting the parking brake. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could start to move unexpectedly, which could cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Put the transmission in neutral and set the parking brake before starting the engine. 1. Recoil starter 4-11 U5GW14.book Page 12 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00092 Fuel tank cap Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise. 1. Fuel tank cap 4-12 U5GW14.book Page 13 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00093 Fuel cock The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetor. The fuel cock has three positions. OFF: With the lever in this position fuel will not flow. Always turn the lever to this position when the engine is not running. ON: With the lever in this position, fuel flows to the carburetor. Normal riding is done with the lever in this position. RES: This indicates reserve. If you run out of fuel while riding, turn the lever to this position. THEN FILL THE FUEL TANK AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. After refuelling, return the fuel cock lever to the “ON” position. 4-13 U5GW14.book Page 14 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00095 Starter (choke) “ ” Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this mixture. Move in direction a to turn on the starter (choke). Move in direction b to turn off the starter (choke). Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See page 6-1.) 4-14 U5GW14.book Page 15 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00567 Seat To remove the seat, pull the seat lock lever upward and pull up the seat at the rear. To install the seat, insert the projections on the front of the seat into the seat holders and push down on the seat at the rear. NOTE: Make sure that the seat is securely fitted. 1. Seat lock lever 1. Projection (× 2) 4-15 2. Seat holder (× 2) U5GW14.book Page 16 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00581 EBU00582 Storage box Front carrier Maximum load limit: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb) Maximum load limit: 40 kg (88 lb) CAUTION: EBU00583 To protect from damage, do not put metal products, like tools or sharply edged products directly in the storage box. If they must be stored, wrap them in appropriate cushion material. Rear carrier Maximum load limit: 80 kg (176 lb) 4-16 U5GW14.book Page 17 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01104 Front shock absorber adjustment The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider’s weight and riding conditions. Adjust the spring preload as follows. To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a. To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b. Standard position: B A - Minimum (soft) E - Maximum (hard) WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper shock absorber adjustment. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Uneven adjustment can cause poor handling and loss of stability, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always adjust the shock absorbers on the left and right side to the same setting. NOTE: A special wrench can be obtained at a Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment. _ _ 1. Spring preload adjusting ring 2. Position indicator 4-17 U5GW14.book Page 18 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01103 Rear shock absorber adjustment The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the rider’s weight and riding conditions. Adjust the spring preload as follows. To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a. To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b. Standard position: B A - Minimum (soft) E - Maximum (hard) NOTE: A special wrench can be obtained at a Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment. _ _ 1. Spring preload adjusting ring 2. Position indicator 4-18 U5GW14.book Page 19 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01002 Auxiliary DC jack The auxiliary DC jack is located at the front right side of the ATV. The auxiliary DC jack can be used for suitable work lights, radios, etc. The auxiliary DC jack should only be used when the engine is running. 1. Set the light switch to “OFF”. 2. Start the engine. (See pages 6-1–6-3.) 3. Open the auxiliary DC jack cap, and then insert the accessory power plug into the jack. 1. Auxiliary DC jack Maximum rated capacity for the auxiliary DC jack: DC 12 V, 120 W (10 A) 4. When the auxiliary DC jack is not being used, cover it with the cap. 4-19 2. Cap U5GW14.book Page 20 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM CAUTION: _ ● ● ● Do not use accessories requiring more than the above maximum capacity. This may overload the circuit and cause the fuse to blow. If accessories are used without the engine running or with the headlights turned on, the battery will lose its charge and engine starting may become difficult. Do not use an automotive cigarette lighter or other accessories with a plug that gets hot because the jack can be damaged. _ EBU00112 WARNING Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 4-20 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM PRE-OPERATION CHECKS Before using this machine, check the following points: ITEM ROUTINE PAGE Front brake • Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage. • Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary. Rear brake • Check operation, condition and free play. • Adjust if necessary. Fuel • Check fuel level. • Fill with fuel if necessary. Engine oil • Check oil level. • Fill with oil if necessary. Final gear oil • Check for leakage. Throttle • Check for proper throttle cable operation and free play. 5-8, 8-19 Wheels and tires • Check tire pressure, wear and damage. 5-9–5-12, 8-30–8-31 Fittings and fasteners • Check all fittings and fasteners. Lights and switches • Check for proper operation. 5-3–5-4, 8-21–8-28 5-5–5-6 5-7, 8-5–8-9 5-8, 8-10–8-12 5-1 5-8 5-8, 8-35–8-39 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING 1 POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to inspect the ATV before operating. Failure to properly maintain the ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 5-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU12521 Brake fluid leakage (front brake) Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out of the hose, joint or brake fluid reservoir of the front brake. Apply the brake firmly for one minute. If the lever moves slowly inward, there may be a leak in the brake system. If there is any leakage, the brake system should be inspected by a Yamaha dealer. Front and rear brakes Brake levers and brake pedal ● Check for correct free play in the front brake lever. If the free play is incorrect, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it. ● Check for correct free play in the rear brake lever and brake pedal. If the free play is incorrect, adjust it. (See pages 8-24–8-27.) ● Check operation of the levers and pedal. They should move smoothly and there should be a firm feeling when the brake is applied. If not, have a Yamaha dealer inspect them. Brake operation Test the brakes at slow speed after starting out to make sure they are working properly. If the brakes do not provide proper braking performance, inspect the brake pads and shoes for wear. (See page 8-21.) Brake fluid level (front brake) Check the brake fluid level. Add fluid if necessary. (See pages 8-22–8-23.) Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4 5-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Riding with improperly operating brakes. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always check the brakes at the start of every ride. Do not ride the ATV if you find any problem with the brakes. If a problem cannot be corrected by the adjustment procedures provided in this manual, have a Yamaha dealer check for the cause. 5-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01085 Fuel Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the tank. Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or higher, or research octane number of 91 or higher. If knocking or pinging occurs, use a different brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel. Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug life and reduced maintenance cost. Recommended fuel: UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY Fuel tank capacity: Total: 15 L (3.3 Imp gal, 4.0 US gal) Reserve: 4.0 L (0.9 Imp gal, 1.1 US gal) CAUTION: _ Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of leaded gasoline will cause severe damage to internal engine parts, such as the valves and piston rings, as well as to the exhaust system. _ 5-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Gasohol There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system damage or vehicle performance problems. 1. Fuel level WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improper care when refueling. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire and severe injury. Fuel expands when it heats up. If the fuel tank is overfilled, fuel could spill out due to heat from the engine or the sun. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful not to spill fuel, especially on the engine or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is closed securely. Do not refuel right after the engine has been running and is still very hot. 2. Fuel tank filler tube 5-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU10842 EBU00493 Engine oil Make sure the engine oil is at the specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See page 8-5.) Final gear oil Make sure the final gear oil is at the specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-10– 8-12 for details.) CAUTION: _ ● ● Recommended oil: SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher. Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase. If desired, an SAE 80W90 hypoid gear oil may be used for all conditions. NOTE: GL-4 is a quality and additive rating, GL-5 or GL-6 rated hypoid gear oils may also be used. _ Recommended engine oil type and quantity: See page 10-2. 5-7 U5GW14.book Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01083 EBU01003 Throttle lever Check to see that the throttle lever operates correctly. It must open smoothly and spring back to the idle position when released. Have a Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper operation. Lights Check the headlights and tail/brake light to make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation. EBU01170 Switches Check the operation of all switches. Have a Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper operation. EBU01162 Fittings and fasteners Always check the tightness of chassis fittings and fasteners before a ride. Take the machine to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service Manual for correct tightening torque. 5-8 U5GW14.book Page 9 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00157 Tires 2. The tires should be set to the recommended pressure: ● Recommended tire pressure Front 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) ● Check and adjust tire pressures when the tires are cold. ● Tire pressures must be equal on both sides. 3. Tire pressure below the minimum specified could cause the tire to dislodge from the rim under severe riding conditions. The following are minimums: Front 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) Rear 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven tire pressure. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control, increasing your risk of accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD 1. The tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. for this model. Other tire combinations are not recommended. Manufacturer Size Type Front DUNLOP AT25 x 8-12 KT121 Rear DUNLOP AT25 x 11-10 KT125 Front CHENG SHIN AT25 x 8-12 M907 Rear CHENG SHIN AT25 x 11-10 M908 Manufacturer Size Type 5-9 U5GW14.book Page 10 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 4. Use no more than the following pressures when seating the tire beads. Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi) Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi) Higher pressures may cause the tire to burst. Inflate the tires very slowly and carefully. Fast inflation could cause the tire to burst. 5-10 U5GW14.book Page 11 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00159 How to measure tire pressure Use the low-pressure tire gauge. NOTE: The low-pressure tire gauge is included as standard equipment. Make two measurements of the tire pressure and use the second reading. Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause the first reading to be incorrect. Set pressure with tires cold. Set tire pressures to the following specifications: Recommended pressure Minimum Maximum Front 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) 28 kPa (0.28 kgf/cm2, 4.0 psi) Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi) 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi) 28 kPa (0.28 kgf/cm2, 4.0 psi) 1. Low-pressure tire gauge 5-11 U5GW14.book Page 12 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00160 Tire wear limit When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm (0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire. a. Tire wear limit 5-12 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00161 EBU00749 OPERATION Starting a cold engine WARNING WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Freezing control cables in cold weather. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could be unable to control the ATV, which could lead to an accident or collision. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD When riding in cold weather, always make sure all control cables work smoothly before you begin riding. Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating ATV without being familiar with all controls. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Loss of control, which could cause an accident or injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. If there is a control or function you do not understand, ask your Yamaha dealer. 1. Set the parking brake. 2. Turn the fuel cock to “ON”. 3. Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “ ”. 4. Shift the transmission into neutral. 6-1 E-6.fm Page 2 Monday, April 14, 2003 11:59 AM Position 3: Cold engine startambient temperature above 25 °C (80 °F) and warm engine start position. NOTE: ● When the transmission is in neutral, the neutral indicator light should come on. If the light does not come on, ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect it. ● The engine can be started in any gear if the rear brake lever is applied. However, it is recommended to shift into neutral before starting the engine. 1 2 3 4 5 6 _ 7 5. Use the starter (choke) in reference to the figure: Position 1: Cold engine startambient temperature below 5 °C (40 °F). Position 2: Cold engine startambient temperature at 0 °C (30 °F)–30 °C (90 °F) and warming up position. 8 9 10 a. Starter (choke) lever 2. Half open 1. Fully open 3. Closed 6. Completely close the throttle lever and start the engine by pushing the start switch. 6-2 11 12 13 14 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM NOTE: ● If the engine fails to start, release the start switch, then push the start switch again. Pause a few seconds before the next attempt. Each cranking should be as short as possible to preserve battery energy. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on each attempt. ● If the battery is discharged, pull the recoil starter to start the engine. CAUTION: _ _ See the “Engine break-in” section prior to operating the engine for the first time. _ EBU00180 Starting a warm engine To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a cold engine” section. The starter (choke) should not be used. The throttle should be opened slightly. _ 7. If the engine is started with the starter (choke) in position 1, the starter (choke) should be returned to position 2 to warm up the engine. If the engine is started with the starter (choke) in position 2, keep the starter (choke) in this position to warm up the engine. 8. Continue warming up the engine until it idles smoothly and return the starter (choke) to position 3 before riding. EBU00182 Warming up To get maximum engine life, always warm up the engine before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold engine! To see whether or not the engine is warm, check if it responds to the throttle normally with the starter (choke) turned off. 6-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00195 NOTE: When in reverse, the reverse indicator light should be on. If the light does not come on, ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the machine. Reverse knob operation and reverse driving CAUTION: Before shifting, stop the machine and return the throttle lever to its closed position. Otherwise the transmission may be damaged. 4. Check behind you for people or obstacles, then release the rear brake lever. 5. Open the throttle lever gradually and continue to watch to the rear while backing. 1. Bring the machine to a complete stop and return the throttle lever to the closed position with the transmission in neutral. 2. While applying the rear brake lever, turn the reverse knob clockwise with your right hand. 3. Shift the transmission into reverse by pressing down on the shift pedal. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly operating in reverse. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD When you shift into reverse, make sure there are no obstacles or people behind you. When it is safe to proceed, go slowly. 6-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU12951 Shifting This model has a 5-speed forward and 1-speed reverse transmission with centrifugal automatic clutch. The transmission allows you to control the amount of power you have available at a given speed or for starting, accelerating, climbing hills, etc. To shift into neutral, return the throttle lever to the closed position and repeatedly depress the shift pedal until it stops. To shift into reverse, first shift into neutral, and then turn the reverse knob as explained on page 6-4. Depress the shift pedal, and then release the reverse knob. 1. Shift pedal R. Reverse position N. Neutral position CAUTION: _ Do not coast for long periods with the engine off, and do not tow the ATV a long distance. Even in the neutral position, the transmission is only properly lubricated when the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may cause damage. _ 6-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00205 To start out and accelerate: 1. Release the throttle lever. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Opening the throttle before releasing the shift pedal. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The machine could wheelie. This would increase the chance of an accident, including overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Release the shift pedal before opening the throttle. Open the throttle gradually. CAUTION: Always close the throttle while shifting gears. Otherwise, damage to the engine and drive train may result. 2. Shift into first gear and release the shift pedal. 3. Open the throttle gradually. 4. Once the machine has attained adequate speed, release the throttle lever. 5. Shift into second gear and release the shift pedal. 6. Open the throttle gradually. 7. Follow the same procedure when shifting to the next higher gear. 6-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00207 EBU02092 To decelerate: When slowing down or stopping, release the throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident. Engine break-in There is never a more important period in the life of your machine than the period between zero and 20 hours. For this reason, we ask that you carefully read the following material. Because the engine is brand new, you must not put an excessive load on it for the first several hours of running. During the first 20 hours, the various parts in the engine wear and polish themselves to the correct operating clearances. During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or any condition which might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided. However, momentary (2–3 seconds maximum) full throttle operation under load does not harm the engine. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Engaging a lower gear when the engine speed is too high. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The wheels could stop rotating. This could cause loss of control, an accident and injury. It could also cause engine or drive train damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Make sure the engine has sufficiently slowed before shifting to a lower gear. 6-7 U5GW14.book Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 10–20 hours: Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle. Rev the machine freely through the gears but do not use full throttle at any time. Each full throttle acceleration sequence should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine by cruising at lower r/min so the engine can rid itself of the temporary build up of heat. If any abnormality is noticed during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer. After break-in: Avoid prolonged full throttle operation. Vary speeds occasionally. 0–10 hours: Avoid continuous operation above half throttle. Allow a cooling off period of five to ten minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the speed of the machine from time to time. Do not operate it at one set throttle position. 6-8 U5GW14.book Page 9 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00211 EBU01296 Parking When parking, stop the engine and shift into neutral. Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” and apply the parking brake. Parking on a slope WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Parking on a hill or other incline. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The ATV could roll out of control, increasing the chance of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Avoid parking on hills or other inclines. If you must park on an incline, put the ATV in low gear, apply the parking brake, and block the front and rear wheels with rocks or other objects. Do not park the ATV at all on hills that are so steep you could not walk up them easily. 1. Locked position 6-9 U5GW14.book Page 10 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 1. Bring the ATV to a stop by applying the brakes in low gear. 2. Stop the engine. 3. With the rear brake lever and pedal applied, apply the parking brake and slowly release the brake pedal. 6-10 U5GW14.book Page 11 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00221 Accessories and loading ● EBU00222 Accessories Accessories can affect the handling and control of your ATV. Keep the following in mind when considering an accessory or operating an ATV which has accessories. ● Choose only accessories designed for your ATV. Your Yamaha dealer has a variety of genuine Yamaha accessories. Other accessories may also be available on the market. However, it is not possible for Yamaha to test all non-Yamaha accessories, nor have any control over the quality or suitability of them. Choose a genuine Yamaha accessory, or one that is equivalent in design and quality. ● ● 6-11 Accessories should be rigidly and securely mounted. An accessory which can shift position or come off while you are riding could affect your ability to control the ATV. Do not mount an accessory where it could interfere with your ability to control the ATV. Examples include (but are not limited to) a heavy or bulky object attached to the handlebars which could make steering difficult, an accessory that limits your ability to move around on the seat, or one that limits your view. Use extra caution when riding an ATV with accessories. The ATV may handle differently than it does without accessories. U5GW14.book Page 12 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00588 Loading Cargo or a trailer can change the stability and handling of an ATV. You must use common sense and good judgment when carrying cargo or towing a trailer. Keep the following points in mind: ● Never exceed the weight limits shown. An overloaded ATV can be unstable. ● ● MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT ● Vehicle loading limit (total weight of cargo, rider and accessories, and tongue weight): 210 kg (463 lb) ● Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb) ● Rear carrier: 80 kg (176 lb) ● Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb) ● Trailer hitch: Pulling load (total weight of trailer and cargo): 410 kgf (904 lbf) Tongue weight (vertical weight on trailer hitch point): 15 kgf (33 lbf) ● ● ● 6-12 Do not exceed the maximum tongue weight. You can measure tongue weight with a bathroom scale. Put the tongue of the loaded trailer on the scale with the tongue at hitch height. Adjust the load in the trailer, if necessary, to reduce the weight on hitch. If you are carrying cargo and towing a trailer, include the tongue weight in the maximum vehicle load limit. Load cargo on the carrier as close to the center of the vehicle as possible. Put cargo at the front of the rear carrier. Center the load from side to side. Tie down cargo securely to the carriers. Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot move around. A shifting load can cause an accident. Make sure the load does not interfere with controls or your ability to see where you are going. U5GW14.book Page 13 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● ● ● Ride more slowly than you would without a load. The more weight you carry, the slower you should go. Although conditions vary, it is good practice not to exceed 2nd gear whenever you are carrying heavier loads or when towing a trailer. Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes longer to stop. Avoid making sharp turns unless at very slow speeds. Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully. Added weight affects the stability and handling of the ATV. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. EBU13441 WARNING _ Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 6-13 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Riding Your ATV 7-1 7 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING _ Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. GETTING TO KNOW YOUR ATV This ATV is mainly for utility use, but may also be used for recreation. This section, Riding your ATV, provides general ATV riding instructions for recreational riding. The skills and techniques described in this section, however, are appropriate for all types of riding. Riding your ATV requires special skills acquired through practice over a period of time. Take the time to learn the basic techniques well before attempting more difficult maneuvers. begin to ride, be sure you have read this Owner’s Manual completely and understand the operation of the controls. Pay particular attention to the safety information on pages 2-1– 2-7. Please also read all caution and warning labels on your ATV. Riding your new ATV can be a very enjoyable activity, providing you with hours of pleasure. But it is essential to familiarize yourself with the operation of the ATV to achieve the skill necessary to enjoy riding safely. Before you 7-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM RIDE WITH CARE AND GOOD JUDGEMENT HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Beginning and inexperienced operators should complete the certified training course offered by Yamaha. They should then regularly practice the skills learned in the course and the operating techniques described in this Owner’s Manual. For more information about the training course, contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887. Get training if you are inexperienced. Beginners should get training from a certified instructor. Become familiar with this ATV at slow speeds first, even if you are an experienced operator. Do not attempt to operate at maximum performance until you are totally familiar with the ATV’s handling and performance characteristics. Riding your ATV requires skills acquired through practice over a period of time. Take the time to learn the basic techniques well before attempting more difficult maneuvers. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV without proper instruction. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different types of terrain. 7-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Not recommended for children under 16 years of age. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for their age can lead to severe injury or death of the child. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD A child under 16 should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc. 7-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM This ATV is designed to carry operator and cargo only - passengers prohibited. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Carrying a passenger on this ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Greatly reduces your ability to balance and control this ATV. Could cause an accident, resulting in harm to you and/ or your passenger. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never carry a passenger. The long seat is to allow the operator to shift position as needed during operation. It is not for carrying passengers. 7-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Apparel Operating without protective clothing increases your chances of severe injury in the event of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always wear an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You should also wear: eye protection (goggles or face shield) gloves boots long-sleeved shirt or jacket long pants WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection and protective clothing. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Operating without an approved motorcycle helmet increases your chances of a severe head injury or death in the event of an accident. Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your chances of a severe injury in the event of an accident. 7-7 U5GW14.book Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Do not operate after consuming alcohol or drugs. Operator’s performance capability is reduced by the influence of alcohol or drugs. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could seriously affect your judgment. Could cause you to react more slowly. Could affect your balance and perception. Could result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while driving this ATV. 7-8 U5GW14.book Page 9 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Pre-operation checks Always perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 5-1 before riding for safety and proper care of the ATV. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper tires, or with improper or uneven tire pressure. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of control, increasing your risk of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always use the size and type tires specified in the Owner’s Manual for this vehicle on pages 5-9–5-10. Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in the Owner’s Manual on page 5-11. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to inspect the ATV before operating. Failure to properly maintain the ATV. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-9 U5GW14.book Page 10 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Speed limiter For riders less experienced with this model, this model is equipped with a speed limiter in the throttle lever housing. The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully opening, even when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum. Turning the adjusting screw in limits the maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum speed of the ATV. Turning the adjusting screw in decreases top speed and turning it out increases top speed. WARNING _ Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. Do not operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases your chances of losing control of the ATV, which can result in an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always go at a speed that is proper for the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience. 1. Locknut 7-10 2. Adjusting screw U5GW14.book Page 11 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Loading and accessories Use extra caution when riding the ATV with additional loads, such as accessories or cargo. The ATV’s handling may be adversely affected. Reduce your speed when adding additional loads. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never exceed the stated load capacity for this ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and securely attached. Reduce speed when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking. Always follow the instructions in your Owner’s Manual for carrying cargo or pulling a trailer. MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT ● Vehicle loading limit (total weight of cargo, rider and accessories, and tongue weight): 210 kg (463 lb) ● Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb) ● Rear carrier: 80 kg (17 lb) ● Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb) ● Trailer hitch: Pulling load (total weight of trailer and cargo): 410 kgf (904 lbf) Tongue weight (vertical weight on trailer hitch point): 15 kgf (33 lbf) 7-11 U5GW14.book Page 12 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM During operation Always keep your feet on the footboards during operation. Otherwise your feet may contact the rear wheels. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Removing hands from handlebars or feet from footboards during operation. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV or could cause you to lose your balance and fall off of the ATV. If you remove a foot from a footboard, your foot or leg may come into contact with the rear wheels, which could injure you or cause an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of your ATV during operation. 7-12 U5GW14.book Page 13 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Avoid wheelies and jumping. You may lose control of the ATV or overturn. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other stunts. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Increases the chance of an accident, including an overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies or jumps. Don’t try to show off. 7-13 U5GW14.book Page 14 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Modifications WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper modifications. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Improper installation of accessories or modification of this vehicle may cause changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or equivalent components designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult an authorized ATV dealer. 7-14 U5GW14.book Page 15 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Exhaust system The exhaust system on the ATV is very hot during and following operation. To prevent burns, avoid touching the exhaust system. Park the ATV in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch it. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Hot exhaust system. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Dry grass or brush or other combustible material accumulated around the engine area could catch fire. Someone touching the exhaust system during or after operation could be burned. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not operate, idle, or park the ATV in dry grass or other dry ground cover. Keep the engine area free of dry grass, brush, or other combustible material. Do not touch the hot exhaust system. Do not park the ATV in a place where others might be likely to touch it. 7-15 U5GW14.book Page 16 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU RIDE This ATV is designed for off-road use only. Riding on paved surfaces can cause loss of control. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on paved surfaces. WHAT CAN HAPPEN ATVs are designed for off-road use only. Paved surfaces may seriously affect handling and control of the ATV, and may cause the vehicle to go out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always avoid paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets. 7-16 U5GW14.book Page 17 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Do not ride on any public road, street, or highway. Riding on public roads can result in collisions with other vehicles. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV on public streets, roads or highways. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can collide with another vehicle. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate this ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one. In many states it is illegal to operate ATVs on public streets, roads and highways. 7-17 U5GW14.book Page 18 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Know the terrain where you ride. Ride cautiously in unfamiliar areas. Stay alert for holes, rocks, or roots in the terrain, and other hidden hazards which may cause the ATV to upset. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating this ATV on unfamiliar terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can come upon hidden rocks, bumps, or holes, without enough time to react. Could result in the ATV overturning or going out of control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV. 7-18 U5GW14.book Page 19 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to use extra care when operating on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of traction or vehicle control, which could result in an accident, including an overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on these kinds of terrain. 7-19 U5GW14.book Page 20 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM When riding in an area where you might not easily be seen, such as desert terrain, mount a caution flag on the ATV. DO NOT use the flag pole bracket as a trailer hitch. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could be in a collision. You could be injured. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always mount a caution flag on the ATV to make you more visible. Watch carefully for other vehicles. Do not ride in areas posted “no trespassing”. Do not ride on private property without getting permission. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating in areas where you might not be seen by other off-road vehicles. 7-20 U5GW14.book Page 21 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM With the engine idling, lift the shift pedal to the 1st gear position and then release the parking brake. Apply the throttle slowly and smoothly. The centrifugal clutch will engage and you will start to accelerate. Once the ATV has attained adequate speed, release the throttle and lift the shift pedal to the 2nd gear position. Release the shift pedal and apply the throttle smoothly. Use this same procedure as you move into the higher gears. Be sure to coordinate the use of the throttle and shift pedal properly. If the throttle is applied too abruptly or if the throttle is not released during shifting, or if the shift pedal is not released before applying the throttle, the front wheels may lift off the ground resulting in a loss of directional control. Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly familiar with the operation of your ATV. Select a large, flat area off-road to become familiar with your ATV. Make sure that this area is free of obstacles and other riders. You should practice control of the throttle, brakes, shifting procedures, and turning techniques in this area before trying more difficult terrain. Always avoid riding on paved surfaces: the ATV is designed for off-road use only, and handling maneuvers are more difficult to perform on pavement. Set the parking brake and follow the instruction on page 6-1 to start the engine. Once it has warmed up you are ready to begin riding your ATV. As you get on the ATV, be sure not to accidentally move the shift pedal. Remember that the engine and exhaust pipe will be hot when riding and afterwards; do not allow skin or clothing to come in contact with these components. 7-21 U5GW14.book Page 22 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM CAUTION: WARNING _ Do not shift gears without releasing the throttle. Damage to the engine or drive train may occur. POTENTIAL HAZARD Engaging a lower gear when the engine speed is too high. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The wheels could stop rotating. This could cause loss of control, an accident and injury. It could also cause engine or drive train damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Make sure the engine has sufficiently slowed before shifting to a lower gear. _ When slowing down or stopping, release the throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident. 7-22 U5GW14.book Page 23 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM TURNING YOUR ATV To achieve maximum traction while riding offroad, the two rear wheels are mounted solidly on one axle and turn together at the same speed. Therefore, unless the wheel on the inside of the turn is allowed to slip or lose some traction, the ATV will resist turning. A special turning technique must be used to allow the ATV to make turns quickly and easily. It is essential that this skill be learned first at low speed. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this Owner’s Manual. Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn the handlebars in the desired direction. As you do so, put your weight on the footboard to the outside of the turn (opposite your desired direction) and lean your upper body into the turn. Use the throttle to maintain an even speed through the turn. This maneuver will let the wheel on the inside of the turn slip slightly, allowing the ATV to make the turn properly. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Turning improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN ATV could go out of control, causing a collision or overturn. 7-23 U5GW14.book Page 24 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Once you have learned this technique you should be able to perform it at higher speeds or in tighter curves. Improper riding procedures such as abrupt throttle changes, excessive braking, incorrect body movements, or too much speed for the sharpness of the turn may cause the ATV to tip. If the ATV begins to tip over to the outside while negotiating a turn, lean more to the inside. It may also be necessary to gradually let off on the throttle and steer to the outside of the turn to avoid tipping over. Remember: Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly familiar with the operation of your ATV. This procedure should be practiced at slow speed many times in a large off-road area with no obstacles. If an incorrect technique is used, your ATV may continue to go straight. If the ATV doesn’t turn, come to a stop and then practice the procedure again. If the riding surface is slippery or loose, it may help to position more of your weight over the front wheels by moving forward on the seat. 7-24 U5GW14.book Page 25 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM CLIMBING UPHILL Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle overturns on hills. Be sure that you can maneuver your ATV well on flat ground before attempting any incline and then practice riding first on gentle slopes. Try more difficult climbs only after you have developed your skill. In all cases avoid inclines with slippery or loose surfaces, or obstacles that might cause you to lose control. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller hills before attempting large hills. It is important when climbing a hill to make sure that your weight is transferred forward on the ATV. This can be accomplished by leaning forward and, on steeper inclines, standing on the footboards and leaning forward over the handlebars. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating on excessively steep hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN The vehicle can overturn more easily on extremely steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills. 7-25 U5GW14.book Page 26 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another vehicle or person could be on the other side of the hill. POTENTIAL HAZARD Climbing hills improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this Owner’s Manual. Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear changes. The ATV could flip over backwards. Never go over the top of any hill at high speed. 7-26 U5GW14.book Page 27 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM If you are climbing a hill and you find that you have not properly judged your ability to make it to the top, you should turn the ATV around while you still have forward motion (provided you have the room to do so) and go down the hill. When crossing the side of a hill: Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique as described in the Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be very careful when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. 7-27 U5GW14.book Page 28 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM If your ATV has stalled or stopped and you believe you can continue up the hill, restart carefully to make sure you do not lift the front wheels which could cause you to lose control. If you are unable to continue up the hill, dismount the ATV on the uphill side. Physically turn the ATV around and then descend the hill. WARNING If you start to roll backwards, DO NOT apply the rear brake to stop or try to put the ATV in gear. The ATV could easily tip over backwards. Instead, dismount the ATV immediately on the uphill side. 7-28 POTENTIAL HAZARD Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could result in ATV overturning. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Use proper gear and maintain steady speed when climbing a hill. If you lose all forward speed: Keep weight uphill. Apply the brakes. Lock the parking brake, after you are stopped. If you begin rolling backwards: Keep weight uphill. Never apply the rear brake while rolling backwards. Apply the front brake. When fully stopped, apply rear brake as well, and then lock the parking brake. U5GW14.book Page 29 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Dismount on uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the procedure described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-29 U5GW14.book Page 30 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM RIDING DOWNHILL When riding your ATV downhill, shift your weight as far to the rear and uphill side of the ATV as possible. Move back on the seat and sit with your arms straight. Choose a low gear which will allow the engine compression to do most of the braking for you. Improper braking may cause a loss of traction. Use caution while descending a hill with loose or slippery surfaces. Braking ability and traction may be adversely affected by these surfaces. Improper braking may also cause a loss of traction. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Going down a hill improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in this Owner’s Manual. Note: a special technique is required when braking as you go down a hill. Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible. Whenever possible, ride your ATV straight downhill. Avoid sharp angles which could allow the ATV to tip or roll over. Carefully choose your path and ride no faster than you will be able to react to obstacles which may appear. 7-30 U5GW14.book Page 31 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7-31 U5GW14.book Page 32 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM CROSSING A SLOPE Traversing a sloping surface on your ATV requires you to properly position your weight to maintain proper balance. Be sure that you have learned the basic riding skills on flat ground before attempting to cross a sloping surface. Avoid slopes with slippery surfaces or rough terrain that may upset your balance. If your ATV does begin to tip over, gradually steer in the downhill direction if there are no obstacles in your path. As you regain proper balance, gradually steer again in the direction you wish to travel. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly crossing hills or turning on hills. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or cause ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning technique as described in the Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be very careful when turning on any hill. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if possible. As you travel across a slope, lean your body in the uphill direction. It may be necessary to correct the steering when riding on loose surfaces by pointing the front wheels slightly uphill. When riding on slopes be sure not to make sharp turns either up or down hill. 7-32 U5GW14.book Page 33 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM When crossing the side of a hill: Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the ATV. 7-33 U5GW14.book Page 34 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER The ATV can be used to cross slow moving, shallow water of up to a maximum of 35 cm (14 in) in depth. Before entering the water, choose your path carefully. Enter where there is no sharp drop off, and avoid rocks or other obstacles which may be slippery or upset the ATV. Drive slowly and carefully. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV through deep or fast flowing water. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Tires may float, causing loss of traction and loss of control, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never operate this ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that specified in your Owner’s Manual. 7-34 U5GW14.book Page 35 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Test your brakes after leaving the water. Do not continue to ride your ATV without verifying that you have regained proper braking ability. CAUTION: _ After riding your ATV in water, be sure to drain the trapped water by removing the check hose at the bottom of the air filter case. Wash the ATV in fresh water if it has been operated in salt water or muddy conditions. _ 1. Air filter case check hose 7-35 U5GW14.book Page 36 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN Riding over rough terrain should be done with caution. Look out for obstacles which could cause damage to the ATV or could lead to an upset or accident. Be sure to keep your feet firmly mounted on the footboards at all times. Avoid jumping the ATV as loss of control and damage to the ATV may result. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly operating over obstacles. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Before operating in a new area, check for obstacles. Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual. 7-36 U5GW14.book Page 37 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7-37 U5GW14.book Page 38 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM SLIDING AND SKIDDING Care should be used when riding on loose or slippery surfaces since the ATV may slide. If unexpected and uncorrected, sliding could lead to an accident. If the rear wheels of your ATV start to slide sideways, control can usually be regained (if there is room to do so) by steering in the direction of the slide. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have corrected the slide. To reduce the tendency for the front wheels to slide in loose or slippery conditions, positioning your weight over the front wheels will sometimes help. 7-38 U5GW14.book Page 39 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM With practice, over a period of time, skill at controlled sliding can be developed. The terrain should be chosen carefully before attempting such maneuvers, since both stability and control are reduced. Bear in mind that sliding maneuvers should always be avoided on extremely slippery surfaces such as ice, since all control may be lost. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Skidding or sliding improperly. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You may lose control of this ATV. You may also regain traction unexpectedly, which may cause the ATV to overturn. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice, go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control. 7-39 U5GW14.book Page 40 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WHAT TO DO IF ... This section is designed to be a reference guide only. Be sure to read each section on riding techniques completely. ● WHAT TO DO ... ● If your ATV doesn’t turn when you want it to: Bring the ATV to a stop and practice the turning maneuvers again. Be sure you are putting your weight on the footboard to the outside of the turn. Position your weight over the front wheels for better control. (See pages 7-23–7-24.) ● If your ATV begins to tip while turning: Lean more into the turn to regain balance. If necessary, gradually let off the throttle and/ or steer to the outside of the turn. (See pages 7-23–7-24.) ● 7-40 If your ATV starts to slide sideways: Steer in the direction of the slide if you have the room. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have corrected the slide. (See pages 7-38–7-39.) If your ATV can’t make it up a hill you are trying to climb: Turn the ATV around if you still have forward speed. If not, stop, dismount on the uphill side of the ATV and physically turn the ATV around. If the ATV starts to slip backwards DO NOT USE THE REAR BRAKE - the ATV may tip over on top of you. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side. (See pages 7-25–7-29.) U5GW14.book Page 41 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ● ● If your ATV is traversing a sloping surface: Be sure to ride with your weight positioned towards the uphill side of the ATV to maintain proper balance. If the ATV starts to tip, steer down the hill (if there are no obstacles in your way) to regain balance. If you discover that the ATV is going to tip over, dismount on the uphill side. (See pages 7-32– 7-33.) If your ATV encounters shallow water: Ride slowly and carefully through slow moving water, watching for obstacles. Be sure to let water drain from the ATV and CHECK YOUR BRAKES FOR PROPER OPERATION when you come out of the water. Do not continue to ride your ATV until you have regained adequate braking ability. (See pages 7-34–7-35.) WARNING _ Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 7-41 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00515 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT Have a Yamaha dealer perform service if you are not familiar with machine service. Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your machine in the safest and most efficient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the machine owner. The most important points of machine inspection, adjustment and lubrication are explained on the following pages. EBU01299 Owner’s manual and tool kit You are recommended to put this owner’s manual in the vinyl bag and always carry it on the bottom of the seat as shown. Put the owner’s tool kit and low-pressure tire gauge in the storage box. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Servicing an engine while it is running. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Moving parts can catch clothing or parts of the body, causing injury. Electrical components can cause shocks or can start fires. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Turn off the engine when performing maintenance unless otherwise specified. 1. Owner’s manual 8-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING 1. Owner’s tool kit POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating this ATV with improper modifications. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Improper installation of accessories or modification of this vehicle may cause changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or equivalent components designed for use on this ATV and should be installed and used according to instructions. If you have questions, consult an authorized Yamaha ATV dealer. 2. Low-pressure tire gauge The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with the necessary information for completing your own preventive maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in the Owner’s tool kit are sufficient for this purpose, except that a torque wrench is also necessary to properly tighten nuts and bolts. NOTE: If you do not have a torque wrench available during a service operation requiring one, take your machine to a Yamaha dealer to check the torque settings and adjust them as necessary. _ _ 8-2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00261 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE/LUBRICATION ITEM Valves* Spark plug Air filter element Carburetor* Crankcase breather system* Exhaust system* Spark arrester Fuel line* Engine oil Engine oil filter element Engine oil strainer Final gear oil Front brake* Rear brake* Clutch* ROUTINE • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1 month Check valve clearance. Adjust if necessary. Check condition. Adjust gap and clean. Replace if necessary. Clean. Replace if necessary. Check idle speed/starter operation. Adjust if necessary. Check breather hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessary. Check leakage. Tighten if necessary. Replace gasket(s) if necessary. Clean. Check fuel hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessary. Replace (warm engine before draining). Clean. Replace if necessary. Clean. Check oil level/oil leakage. Replace every 12 months. Check operation/fluid leakage/See NOTE page 8-4. Correct if necessary. Check operation. Adjust if necessary. Check operation. Adjust if necessary. 8-3 INITIAL EVERY 3 6 6 1 months months months year Every 20–40 hours (More often in wet or dusty areas.) U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM ITEM • • • Wheel bearings* • • • Steering system* • • • Front and rear suspension* • Drive shaft universal joint* • • Fittings and fasteners* • • Lights and switches* • Wheels* ROUTINE 1 month INITIAL EVERY 3 6 6 1 months months months year Check balance/damage/run out. Replace if necessary. Check bearing assemblies for looseness/damage. Replace if damaged. Check operation. Replace if damaged. Check toe-in. Adjust if necessary. Check operation. Correct if necessary. Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease. Check all chassis fittings and fasteners. Correct if necessary. Check operation. Adjust headlight beams. * Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools, data and technical skills. NOTE: ● Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4 ● Brake fluid replacement: • When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid. Normally check the brake fluid level and add fluid as required. • On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper, replace the oil seals every two years. • Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if cracked or damaged. WARNING Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. 8-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU11812 Engine oil and oil filter element The engine oil level should be checked before each ride. In addition, the oil must be changed and the oil filter element cleaned at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. To check the engine oil level 1. Place the ATV on a level surface. 2. Warm up the engine for several minutes, and then turn it off. 3. Wait a few minutes until the oil level settles before checking. 4. Remove the engine oil filler cap, and then wipe the dipstick off with a clean rag. Insert the dipstick in the filler hole (without screwing it in), and then remove it again to check the oil level. 1. Engine oil filler cap NOTE: The oil level should be between the minimum and maximum level marks. _ _ 5. If the engine oil is at or below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the correct level. CAUTION: _ Be sure no foreign material enters the crankcase. _ 8-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM To change the engine oil (with or without oil filter element cleaning) 1. Place the ATV on a level surface. 2. Warm up the engine for several minutes, and then turn it off. 3. Place a container under the engine to collect the used oil. 4. Remove the engine oil filler cap, and then remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain the oil from the crankcase. 6. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole, and then tighten the engine oil filler cap. CAUTION: _ 1. Dipstick 3. Minimum level mark When removing the engine oil drain bolt, the compression spring, oil strainer and O-ring will fall out. Take care not to lose these parts. 2. Maximum level mark _ NOTE: Skip steps 5–9 if the oil filter element is not being cleaned. _ _ 8-6 U5GW14.book Page 7 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 5. Remove the oil filter cover by removing the bolts, and then remove the oil filter element. 1. Engine oil drain bolt 3. Compression spring 2. O-ring 4. Engine oil strainer 1. Engine oil filter cover 2. Engine oil filter cover bolt (× 3) 6. Clean the oil strainer and oil filter element with solvent. 7. Check the O-ring for damage and replace it if necessary. 8. Install the oil filter element and O-ring. NOTE: Make sure the O-ring is seated properly. _ _ 8-7 U5GW14.book Page 8 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 9. Install the oil filter cover by installing the bolts, and then tighten them to the specified torque. Tightening torque: Oil filter cover bolt: 10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf) 10. Install the oil strainer, compression spring, O-ring and engine oil drain bolt. Tighten the engine oil drain bolt to the specified torque. 1. O-ring 2. Engine oil filter element Tightening torque: Engine oil drain bolt: 32 Nm (3.2 m·kgf, 23 ft·lbf) CAUTION: _ Before installing the engine oil drain bolt, be sure to install the O-ring, compression spring and oil strainer. 11. Add the specified amount of the recommended engine oil, and then install and tighten the engine oil filler cap. _ 8-8 U5GW14.book Page 9 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 12. Start the engine, and then let it idle for several minutes while checking it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the engine off and check for the cause. 13. Turn the engine off, and then check the oil level and correct it if necessary. Recommended oil: See page 10-2. Oil quantity: Without oil filter element replacement: 2.9 L (2.6 Imp qt, 3.1 US qt) With oil filter element replacement: 3.0 L (2.6 Imp qt, 3.2 US qt) CAUTION: _ ● ● In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher. Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase. _ 8-9 U5GW14.book Page 10 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01145 Final gear oil Final gear oil measurement 1. Place the machine on a level surface. 2. Remove the oil filler bolt, and then check the oil level in the final gear case. NOTE: The oil level should be at the brim of the filler hole. _ _ 3. If the oil is below the brim of the filler hole, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the correct level. 1. Final gear oil 3. Final gear oil filler bolt CAUTION: _ Be sure no foreign material enters the final gear case. _ 4. Install the oil filler bolt. 8-10 2. Correct oil level U5GW14.book Page 11 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Final gear oil replacement 1. Remove the final gear case cover by removing the bolts. 1. Final gear case cover 2. Place the machine on a level surface. 3. Place a container under the final gear case to collect the used oil. 4. Remove the oil filler bolt and the drain bolt to drain the oil. 2. Bolt (× 2) 1. Final gear oil drain bolt 5. Install the drain bolt, and then tighten it to the specified torque. Tightening torque: Final gear oil drain bolt: 23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf) 8-11 U5GW14.book Page 12 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01182 Spark plug inspection The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of the spark plug can indicate the condition of the engine. For example, a very white center electrode porcelain color could indicate an intake air leak or carburetion problem for that cylinder. Do not attempt to diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, take the ATV to a Yamaha dealer. You should periodically remove and inspect the spark plug because heat and deposits will cause the spark plug to slowly break down and erode. If electrode erosion becomes excessive, you should replace the spark plug with one of the proper type. 6. Add the recommended final gear oil to the brim of the filler hole. Recommended oil: See page 10-3. Oil quantity: 0.23 L (0.20 Imp qt, 0.24 US qt) CAUTION: _ Be sure no foreign material enters the final gear case. _ 7. Install the oil filler bolt. 8. Check for oil leakage. If oil leakage is found, check for the cause. 9. Install the final gear case cover bolts, and then tighten them to the specified torque. Tightening torque: Final gear case cover bolt: 23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf) Standard spark plug: DR8EA (NGK) 8-12 U5GW14.book Page 13 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01301 Air filter element cleaning Before installing the spark plug, measure the electrode gap with a wire thickness gauge and adjust it to specification. NOTE: There is a check hose at the bottom of the air filter case. If dust or water collects in this hose, empty the hose and clean the air filter element and air filter case. _ Spark plug gap: 0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in) _ a. Spark plug gap When installing the spark plug, always clean the gasket surface and its mating surface. Wipe off any grime from the threads and tighten it to the specified torque. 1. Air filter case check hose 1. Remove the seat. (See page 4-15 for seat removal and installation procedures.) 2. Remove the air filter case cover by unhooking the holders. Tightening torque: Spark plug: 17.5 Nm (1.75 m·kgf, 12.5 ft·lbf) 8-13 U5GW14.book Page 14 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 4. Remove the foam cover from the air filter element. 1. Air filter case cover 2. Holder (× 3) 3. Pull the air filter element out. 1. Air filter element 1. Air filter element 8-14 2. Foam cover U5GW14.book Page 15 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 5. Tap the element lightly to remove most of the dust and dirt. Blow out the remaining dirt with compressed air as shown. If the air filter element is damaged, replace it. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Using low flash point solvents or gasoline to clean the foam cover. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Low flash point solvents or gasoline can catch fire or explode. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Use parts cleaning solvent to clean the foam cover. 7. Squeeze the excess water or solvent out of the foam cover and let it dry. CAUTION: _ 6. Wash the foam cover gently but thoroughly in water or solvent. ● ● Do not twist the foam cover when squeezing it. Do not apply oil to the foam cover. _ 8. Inspect the foam cover. If damaged, replace it. 9. Install the foam cover onto the air filter element. 8-15 U5GW14.book Page 16 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 10. Install the air filter element. 11. Install the air filter case cover by fastening the holders. 12. Install the seat. CAUTION: _ Never operate the engine with the air filter element removed. This will allow unfiltered air to enter, causing rapid engine wear and possible engine damage. Additionally, operation without the air filter element will affect carburetor jetting with subsequent poor performance and possible engine overheating. NOTE: The air filter element should be cleaned every 20–40 hours. It should be cleaned more often if the ATV is operated in extremely dusty areas. Each time air filter element maintenance is performed, check the air inlet to the air filter case for obstructions. Check the air filter element rubber joint to the carburetor and manifold fittings for an airtight seal. Tighten all fittings securely to avoid the possibility of unfiltered air entering the engine. _ _ _ 8-16 U5GW14.book Page 17 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00754 Spark arrester cleaning Select a well-ventilated area free of combustible materials and make sure the exhaust pipe and muffler are cool. 1. Remove the purging bolt. 2. Start the engine and rev it up approximately twenty times while momentarily creating exhaust system back pressure by blocking the end of the muffler with a shop towel. 3. Stop the engine and allow the exhaust pipe to cool. 4. Install the purging bolt and tighten it. 1. Purging bolt 8-17 U5GW14.book Page 18 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00296 Carburetor adjustment The carburetor is a vital part of the engine and requires very sophisticated adjustment. Most adjusting should be left to a Yamaha dealer who has the professional knowledge and experience to do so. However, the idling speed may be performed by the owner as a part of the usual maintenance routine. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Improperly purging the exhaust system. Hot exhaust system. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Could injure the eyes. Could cause burns. Could cause carbon monoxide poisoning, possibly leading to death. Could start a fire. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD When cleaning the spark arrester: Always let the exhaust system cool prior to touching exhaust components. Always wear eye protection, and make sure no one is behind the vehicle. Never run the engine in an enclosed area. Make sure there are no combustible materials in the area. CAUTION: The carburetor was set at the Yamaha factory after many tests. If the settings are disturbed by someone without sufficient technical knowledge, poor engine performance and damage may result. 8-18 U5GW14.book Page 19 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01302 Idle speed adjustment NOTE: A diagnostic tachometer must be used for this procedure. _ _ 1. Start the engine and warm it up for a few minutes at approximately 1,000 to 2,000 r/min. Occasionally rev the engine to 4,000 to 5,000 r/min. The engine is warm when it quickly responds to the throttle. 2. Connect the tachometer to the spark plug lead, and then set the idle to the specified idling speed by adjusting the throttle stop screw. Turn the screw in direction a to increase the engine speed, and in direction b to decrease the engine speed. 1. Throttle stop screw Specified idle speed: 1,450–1,550 r/min 8-19 U5GW14.book Page 20 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00303 EBU00307 Valve clearance adjustment The correct valve clearance changes with use, resulting in improper fuel/air supply or engine noise. To prevent this, the valve clearance must be adjusted regularly. This adjustment however, should be left to a professional Yamaha service technician. Throttle lever adjustment NOTE: Adjust the engine idling speed before adjusting the throttle lever free play. 1. Loosen the locknut. 2. Turn the adjusting bolt until the throttle lever free play is 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in). 3. Tighten the locknut. 1. Locknut a. Throttle lever free play 8-20 2. Adjusting bolt U5GW14.book Page 21 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU13031 EBU00313 Front brake pad check Inspect the brake pads for damage and wear. If the brake pad thickness is less than 1 mm (0.04 in), have a Yamaha dealer replace the pads as a set. Rear brake shoe inspection A wear indicator is provided on the rear brake. This indicator allows checking of brake shoe wear without disassembling the brake. Apply the rear brake and check the position of the indicator. If the indicator reaches the wear limit line, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace shoes as a set. a. Brake pad thickness 1. Wear indicator 8-21 2. Wear limit line U5GW14.book Page 22 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01304 Brake fluid level check Insufficient brake fluid may let air enter the brake system, possibly causing the brakes to become ineffective. Before riding, check that the brake fluid is above the minimum level mark and replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid level may indicate worn brake pads and/or brake system leakage. If the brake fluid level is low, be sure to check the brake pads for wear and the brake system for leakage. Observe these precautions: ● When checking the brake fluid level, make sure the top of the brake fluid reservoir is level. ● Use only the designated quality brake fluid, otherwise, the rubber seals may deteriorate, causing leakage and poor brake performance. 1. Minimum level mark ● ● Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4 8-22 Refill with the same type of brake fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a harmful chemical reaction and lead to poor brake performance. Be careful that water does not enter the brake fluid reservoir when refilling. Water will significantly lower the boiling point of the fluid and may result in vapor lock. U5GW14.book Page 23 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01186 ● ● Brake fluid replacement Complete fluid replacement should be done only by trained Yamaha service personnel. Have a Yamaha dealer replace the following components during periodic maintenance or when they are damaged or leaking. ● Replace the oil seals every two years. ● Replace the brake hoses every four years. Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid immediately. Have a Yamaha dealer check the cause if the brake fluid level goes down. 8-23 U5GW14.book Page 24 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU11870 Front brake lever free play The front brake lever should have a free play of zero mm (zero in) at the lever end. If not, have a Yamaha dealer check the brake system. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD After servicing: sure the brakes operate ● Make smoothly and that the free play is correct. ● Make sure the brakes do not drag. ● Make sure the brakes are not spongy. All air must be bled from the brake system. Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These procedures should be performed by a Yamaha dealer. a. Front brake lever free play 8-24 U5GW14.book Page 25 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU13052 Brake pedal and rear brake lever adjustment Brake pedal free play adjustment 1. Fully loosen the adjusting nut on the brake cable. 2. Turn the adjusting nut on the brake rod until the free play is 20–30 mm (0.79– 1.2 in). a. Brake pedal free play 1. Adjusting nut (brake cable) 2. Adjusting nut (brake rod) 8-25 U5GW14.book Page 26 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM Brake lever free play adjustment 1. Loosen the locknut and fully turn in the adjusting bolt at the brake lever. 1. Locknut 2. Turn in the adjusting nut on brake cable to provide a gap of 0–1 mm (0–0.04 in) between the camshaft lever and the pin. 2. Adjusting bolt 1. Adjusting nut (brake cable) 3. Pin 8-26 2. Lever a. Gap U5GW14.book Page 27 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 3. Turn the adjusting bolt until the free play at the brake lever pivot is 5–8 mm (0.20– 0.31 in). WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operating with improperly serviced or adjusted brakes. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could lose braking ability, which could lead to an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD After servicing: sure the brakes operate ● Make smoothly and that the free play is correct. ● Make sure the brakes do not drag. Replacement of brake components requires professional knowledge. These procedures should be performed by a Yamaha dealer. 1. Locknut 2. Adjusting bolt a. Rear brake lever free play 4. Tighten the locknut. 8-27 U5GW14.book Page 28 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00834 EBU00346 Adjusting the rear brake light switch The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal and brake levers, is properly adjusted when the brake light comes on just before braking takes effect. If necessary, adjust the brake light switch as follows. Turn the adjusting nut while holding the rear brake light switch in place. To make the brake light come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut in direction a. To make the brake light come on later, turn the adjusting nut in direction b. Clutch adjustment 1. Loosen the locknut. 2. Slowly turn the adjusting bolt counterclockwise until resistance is felt. Then, turn it 1/8 turn clockwise. 1. Locknut 1. Rear brake light switch 2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut 8-28 2. Adjusting bolt U5GW14.book Page 29 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00356 Cable inspection and lubrication 3. Tighten the locknut to specification. WARNING Tightening torque: 20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 15 ft·lbf) POTENTIAL HAZARD Damaged control cables. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Corrosion can result when the outer covering of control cables becomes damaged. Cables can also become frayed or kinked. Operation of controls could be restricted, which could cause an accident or injury. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Inspect cables frequently. Replace damaged cables. NOTE: Turn the adjusting bolt counterclockwise to decrease the clutch free play and turn it clockwise to increase the free play. 8-29 U5GW14.book Page 30 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01112 Wheel removal 1. Loosen the wheel nuts. 2. Elevate the ATV and place a suitable stand under the frame. 3. Remove the nuts from the wheel. 4. Remove the wheel. Lubricate the inner cables and the cable ends. If the cables do not operate smoothly, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace them. Recommended lubricant: Yamaha chain and cable lube or SAE 10W30 motor oil EBU00727 Brake and shift pedal/brake lever lubrication Lubricate the pivoting parts of each lever and pedal. Recommended lubricant: Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease) 8-30 U5GW14.book Page 31 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01121 Wheel installation 1. Install the wheel and the nuts. 2. Lower the ATV so that the wheel is on the ground. NOTE: ● Tapered nuts are used for both the front and rear wheels. Install the nut with its tapered side towards the wheel. ● The arrow mark on the tire must point toward the rotating direction of the wheel. _ _ 1. Tapered nut 3. Tighten the wheel nuts to the specified torque. Wheel nut torque: Front: 64 Nm (6.4 m·kgf, 46 ft·lbf) Rear: 55 Nm (5.5 m·kgf, 40 ft·lbf) 1. Arrow mark 8-31 U5GW14.book Page 32 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00380 Battery This machine is equipped with a sealed-type battery. Therefore it is not necessary to check the electrolyte or add distilled water in the battery. If the battery seems to have discharged, consult a Yamaha dealer. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Always shield eyes when working near batteries. Keep out of reach of children. Antidote: EXTERNAL: Flush with water. INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg or vegetable oil. Get prompt medical attention. EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes and get prompt medical attention. Keep batteries away from sparks, flames, cigarettes or other sources of ignition. Ventilate when charging or using in a closed space. CAUTION: Do not try to remove the sealing caps of the battery cells. You may damage the battery. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Failure to handle batteries or battery electrolyte carefully. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You could be poisoned. You could be severely burned by the sulfuric acid in battery electrolyte. Batteries produce explosive gases. 8-32 U5GW14.book Page 33 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00385 EBU00853* Battery maintenance 1. When the machine is not used for a month or longer, remove the battery and store it in a cool, dark place. Completely recharge the battery before reinstallation. Fuse replacement 1. The main fuse case and the fuse box are located under the seat. 2. If a fuse is blown, turn off the main switch and install a new fuse of the specified amperage. Then turn on the switches. If the fuse immediately blows again, consult a Yamaha dealer. CAUTION: A special battery charger (constant voltage/ampere or constant voltage) is required for recharging a sealed-type battery. Using a conventional battery charger may shorten the battery life. Specified fuses: Main fuse: Headlight fuse: Ignition fuse: Auxiliary DC jack fuse: Carburetor warmer fuse: 2. Always make sure the connections are correct when putting the battery back in the machine. 8-33 30 A 15 A 10 A 10 A 10 A U5GW14.book Page 34 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM WARNING 1. Main fuse POTENTIAL HAZARD Using an improper fuse. WHAT CAN HAPPEN An improper fuse can cause damage to the electrical system which could lead to a fire. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Always use a fuse of the specified rating. Never use a material in place of the proper fuse. 2. Spare main fuse CAUTION: _ To prevent accidental short-circuiting, turn off the main switch when checking or replacing a fuse. _ 1. Headlight fuse 3. Auxiliary DC jack fuse 5. Spare fuse (× 2) 2. Ignition fuse 4. Carburetor warmer fuse 8-34 U5GW14.book Page 35 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU13061 Replacing a headlight bulb If a headlight bulb burns out, replace the bulb as follows. 1. Remove the headlight assembly by removing the screws. 2. Disconnect the headlight coupler. 3. Remove the headlight unit from the headlight assembly by removing the screws. 1. Screw (× 3) 1. Screw (× 2) 2. Headlight coupler 8-35 U5GW14.book Page 36 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 4. Remove the headlight bulb holder cover. 5. Push the headlight bulb holder inward, turn it counterclockwise, and then remove the defective bulb. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD A headlight bulb is hot when it is on and immediately after it is turned off. WHAT CAN HAPPEN You can be burned, or a fire could start if the bulb touches something flammable. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Wait for the bulb to cool before touching or removing it. 6. Put a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it in place with the bulb holder. 1. Headlight bulb holder cover 2. Headlight bulb holder 8-36 U5GW14.book Page 37 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7. Install the headlight bulb holder cover. CAUTION: _ Make sure the headlight bulb holder cover is securely fitted over the bulb holder and seated against the reflector. _ 8. Place the headlight unit in the original position, and then install the screws. 9. Connect the headlight coupler. 10. Place the headlight assembly in the original position, and then install the screws. 11. Adjust the headlight beam if necessary. 1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb. CAUTION: _ Do not touch the glass part of the headlight bulb to keep it free from oil, otherwise the transparency of the glass, the luminosity of the bulb, and the bulb life will be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt and fingerprints on the headlight bulb using a cloth moistened with alcohol or thinner. _ 8-37 U5GW14.book Page 38 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU01089 EBU09451 Headlight beam adjustment Tail/brake light bulb replacement 1. Open the storage box. (See page 4-16.) 2. Remove the nuts together with the washers. CAUTION: _ It is advisable to have a Yamaha dealer make this adjustment. _ To raise the beam, turn the adjusting screw in direction a. To lower the beam, turn the adjusting screw in direction b. 1. Storage box 2. Nut (× 2) 3. Remove the bulb holder (together with the bulb) by turning it counterclockwise. 1. Adjusting screw 8-38 U5GW14.book Page 39 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 1. Tail/brake light bulb holder 2. Bulb 1. Tail/brake light bulb holder 4. Remove the defective bulb from the bulb holder by pushing it inward and turning it counterclockwise. 5. Install a new bulb in the bulb holder by pushing it inward and turning it clockwise. 6. Install the bulb holder (together with the bulb). 7. Install the washers, and then install the nuts. 8-39 U5GW14.book Page 40 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00412 Troubleshooting Although Yamaha machines receive a rigid inspection before shipment from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel, compression, or ignition systems can cause poor starting and loss of power. The troubleshooting chart describes a quick, easy procedure for making checks. If your machine requires any repair, take it to a Yamaha dealer. The skilled technicians at a Yamaha dealership have the tools, experience, and knowhow to properly service your machine. Use only genuine Yamaha parts on your machine. Imitation parts may look like Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior. Consequently, they have a shorter service life and can lead to expensive repair bills. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Checking the fuel system while smoking or near an open flame. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Fuel can ignite or explode, causing severe injury or property damage. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Do not smoke when checking the fuel system. Make sure there are no open flames or sparks in the area, including pilot lights from water heaters or furnaces. 8-40 U5GW14.book Page 41 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00440 Troubleshooting chart Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”. There is fuel. Turn the fuel cock lever to “OFF”. Remove the fuel hose from the fuel cock. Some fuel. Turn the fuel cock lever to “RES”. Restart the engine. No fuel. Supply fuel. 1. Fuel Check if there is fuel in the fuel tank. 2. Compression Use the electric starter to see if there is compression. 3. Ignition There is compression. Compression normal. No compression. Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect. Wet Dry Wipe clean with dry cloth. Attach spark plug cap and ground to chassis. Use the electric starter. Battery is good. Engine turns over slowly. Check the connections. Ignition system is normal. Adjust the spark plug gap or replace the spark plug. Use the electric starter. 8-41 Fuel cock is clogged. Spark is weak. No spark. Engine turns over quickly. No fuel. Clean the fuel cock. Spark is good. Remove the spark plug and check electrodes. 4. Battery Check the fuel flow. Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect. U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00419 CLEANING AND STORAGE CAUTION: Excessive water pressure may cause water seepage and deterioration of wheel bearings, brakes, transmission seals and electrical devices. Many expensive repair bills have resulted from improper high pressure detergent applications such as those available in coin-operated car washers. A. CLEANING Frequent, thorough cleaning of your machine will not only enhance its appearance but will improve its general performance and extend the useful life of many components. 1. Before cleaning the machine: a. Block off the end of the exhaust pipe to prevent water entry. A plastic bag and strong rubber band may be used. b. Make sure the spark plug and all filler caps are properly installed. 2. If the engine case is excessively greasy, apply degreaser with a paint brush. Do not apply degreaser to the wheel axles. 3. Rinse the dirt and degreaser off with a garden hose. Use only enough pressure to do the job. 4. Once the majority of the dirt has been hosed off, wash all surfaces with warm water and mild, detergent-type soap. An old toothbrush or bottle brush is handy for hard-to-get-at places. 5. Rinse the machine off immediately with clean water and dry all surfaces with a chamois, clean towel or soft absorbent cloth. 9-1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 6. Clean the seat with a vinyl upholstery cleaner to keep the cover pliable and glossy. 7. Automotive type wax may be applied to all painted and chrome plated surfaces. Avoid combination cleaner-waxes. Many contain abrasives which may mar the paint or protective finish. When finished, start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. WARNING POTENTIAL HAZARD Operation with wet brakes after washing. WHAT CAN HAPPEN Wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability, increasing the chance of an accident. HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD Test the brakes after washing. Apply the brakes several times at slow speeds to let friction dry out the linings. 9-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00530 B. STORAGE Long term storage (60 days or more) of your machine will require some preventive procedures to guard against deterioration. After thoroughly cleaning the machine, prepare for storage as follows: 1. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel and add the specified amount of Yamaha Fuel Stabilizer and Conditioner or an equivalent product. 2. Remove the spark plug, pour about one tablespoon of SAE 10W30 or 20W40 motor oil in the spark plug hole and reinstall the spark plug. Ground the spark plug wire and turn the engine over several times to coat the cylinder wall with oil. 3. Lubricate all control cables. 4. Block up the frame to raise all wheels off the ground. 5. Tie a plastic bag over the exhaust pipe outlet to prevent moisture from entering. 6. If storing in a humid or salt-air atmosphere, coat all exposed metal surfaces with a light film of oil. Do not apply oil to any rubber parts or the seat cover. Specified amount: 1 oz of stabilizer to each gallon of fuel (or 7.5 cc of stabilizer to each liter of fuel) NOTE: Use of fuel stabilizer and conditioner eliminates the need to drain the fuel system. Consult a Yamaha dealer if the fuel system needs to be drained instead. 9-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 7. Remove the battery and charge it. Store it in a dry place and recharge it once a month. Do not store the battery in an excessively warm or cold place (less than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30 °C (90 °F)). NOTE: Make any necessary repairs before storing the machine. 9-4 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00428 SPECIFICATIONS 1 MODEL YFM400 Dimension: Overall length Overall width Overall height Seat height Wheel base Ground clearance Minimum turning radius 2,007 mm ( 79.0 in) 1,125 mm ( 44.3 in) 1,172 mm ( 46.1 in) 855 mm ( 33.7 in) 1,230 mm ( 48.4 in) 245 mm ( 9.65 in) 3,000 mm (118.1 in) Basic weight: With oil and full fuel tank 252 kg (556 lb) Engine: Type Cylinder arrangement: Displacement Bore × stroke Compression ratio Starting system Lubrication system Air cooled, 4-stroke, SOHC Forward inclined single cylinder 386 cm3 83.0 × 71.5 mm (3.27 × 2.81 in) 8.6 : 1 Electric starter and recoil starter Wet sump 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 10-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM MODEL YFM400 Engine oil: Type 0˚ 10˚ 30˚ 50˚ 70˚ 90˚ 110˚ 130˚F YAMALUBE 4 (20W40) or SAE 20W40 YAMALUBE 4 (10W30) or SAE 10W30 SAE 5W30 -20˚ Recommended engine oil classification -10˚ 0˚ 10˚ 20˚ 30˚ 40˚ 50˚C API Service SE, SF, SG or higher CAUTION: In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also lubricates the clutch), do not mix any chemical additives. Do not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition, do not use oils labeled “ENERGY CONSERVING II” or higher. Quantity: Without oil filter element replacement With oil filter element replacement 2.9 L (2.6 Imp qt, 3.1 US qt) 3.0 L (2.6 Imp qt, 3.2 US qt) 10-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM MODEL YFM400 Final gear oil: Type Quantity Periodic oil change 0.23 L (0.20 lmp qt, 0.24 US qt) Air filter: Dry type element Fuel: Type Tank capacity Reserve amount UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY 15 L (3.3 Imp gal, 4.0 US gal) 4.0 L (0.9 Imp gal, 1.1 US gal) Carburetor: Type/manufacturer BSR33/MIKUNI Spark plug: Type/manufacturer Gap DR8EA/NGK 0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in) Clutch type: Wet, centrifugal automatic SAE 80 API “GL-4” Hypoid gear oil 10-3 U5GW14.book Page 4 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM MODEL Transmission: Primary reduction system Primary reduction ratio Secondary reduction system Secondary reduction ratio Transmission type Operation Gear raito: YFM400 Spur gear 76/24 (3.166) Shaft drive 28/24 × 24/18 × 33/09 (5.703) Constant mesh, 5-speed forward, 1-speed reverse Left foot operation 40/12 (3.333) 34/18 (1.889) 30/22 (1.363) 25/26 (0.961) 19/27 (0.703) 22/17 × 35/15 (3.019) 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Reverse Chassis: Frame type Caster angle Trail Steel tube 4° 21 mm (0.83 in) Tire: Type Size: Front Size: Rear Tubeless AT25 × 8-12 AT25 × 11-10 Brake: Front brake type Operation Rear brake type Operation Dual disk brake Right hand operation Drum brake Left hand and right foot operation 10-4 U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM MODEL YFM400 Suspension: Front Rear Double wishbone Swingarm (monocross) Shock absorber: Front Rear Coil spring/oil damper Coil spring/oil damper Wheel travel: Front wheel travel Rear wheel travel 150 mm (5.91 in) 150 mm (5.91 in) Electrical: Ignition system Generator system Battery type/voltage capacity DC. C.D.I. A.C. magneto YTX20L-BS 12V, 18Ah Headlight type: Krypton bulb Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity: Headlight Tail/brake light Meter lighting Indicator and warning lights: Neutral Reverse Oil temperature 12V, 30/30W × 2 12V, 5/21W × 1 12V, 3.4W × 1 12V, 1.7W × 1 12V, 1.7W × 1 12V, 1.7W × 1 10-5 U5GW14.book Page 6 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM MODEL YFM400 Fuses: Main fuse Headlight fuse Ignition fuse Auxiliary DC jack fuse Carburetor warmer fuse 30 A 15 A 10 A 10 A 10 A 10-6 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00430 NOISE REGULATION TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED: Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person. “AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW.” These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc. Exhaust system Muffler Exhaust pipe Silencer Intake system Air cleaner case Air cleaner element Intake duct 11-1 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00431 MAINTENANCE RECORD Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts you purchase and install will be required to document maintenance done in accordance with the warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder to you that the maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work. MAINTENANCE INTERVAL DATE OF SERVICE MILEAGE SERVICING DEALER NAME AND ADDRESS 1 2 3 4 5 REMARKS 6 1 Month 3 Months 7 6 Months 8 12 Months 9 18 Months 24 Months 10 30 Months 11 36 Months 12 42 Months 48 Months 13 54 Months 14 60 Months 12-1 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00432 YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. ATV LIMITED WARRANTY 13-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 13-2 U5GW14.book Page 1 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00435 YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.) 14-1 U5GW14.book Page 2 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 14-2 U5GW14.book Page 3 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00436 WARNING Indicates a potential hazard that could result in serious injury or death. U5GW14.book Page 5 Thursday, April 10, 2003 3:49 PM EBU00437 EBU00438 READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY! It contains important safety information. WARNING Improper ATV use can result in SEVERE INJURY or DEATH. BEER BEER ALWAYS USE AN APPROVED HELMET AND PROTECTIVE GEAR NEVER USE ON PUBLIC ROADS NEVER CARRY PASSENGERS NEVER USE WITH DRUGS OR ALCOHOL NEVER operate: ALWAYS: without proper training or instruction. use proper riding techniques to avoid at speeds too fast for your skills or the vehicle overturns on hills and rough conditions. terrain and in turns. on public roads-a collision can occur with avoid paved surfaces-pavement may another vehicle. seriously affect handling and control. with a passenger-passengers affect balance and steering and increase risk of losing control. LOCATE AND READ OWNER’S MANUAL. FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS. (For replacement manual, call 1-800-532-1558) OWNER’S MANUAL YFM400S WARNING YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD. PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN USA 2003.04-1.3 ×1 CR (E) LIT-11626-17-08 This ATV should not be ridden by anyone under 16 years of age. 5GW-F8199-14 Card.fm Page 1 Wednesday, June 13, 2001 9:35 AM Card.fm Page 2 Wednesday, June 13, 2001 9:35 AM