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Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110444
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-brukerhandbok-110449
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110460
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omistajan-kasikirja-110439
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - C929
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-ipasnieka-rokasgramata-110447
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110457
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-savininko-vadovas-110446
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-del-propietario-110438
Toys & Accessories - Lego - DUPLO Town - AROUND THE WORLD - 10805
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kullan-m-k-lavuzu-110458
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts_5d8a7f921c3648a62136367
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-navod-k-obsluze-110433
Pool Equipment - Haywood-Pool - Super Pump~All Super Pump Models
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-prirocnik-za-lastnika-110456
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110431
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-handleiding-110448
VCRs & Accessories - Hitachi Electronics - VTM171A
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110453
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instrukcja-obslugi-110450
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31034803
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders C 2.2L FI Turbo SOHC--31006701
Barossa - Motorcycle - Barossa__Barossa_PYTHON_100cc_parts
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manual-do-proprietario-110451
Furniture & Storage - Blue Rhino - GAD1375SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-kezelesi-utmutato-110443
Sewing Machine - Singer - 14T968DC %7C PROFESSIONAL 5
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-uzivatelska-prirucka-110455
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders B 2.2L 2BL SOHC--31218101
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-agarmanual-110454
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110432
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuel-du-proprietaire-110440
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.6L 2BL SOHC--31218102
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Kenwood - DPX-510
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110441
Grills & Accessories - Blue Rhino - Blue Rhino WAD996SP
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manuale-del-proprietario-110445
Video Cameras, Camcorders, & Accessories - Canon - ZR900 Camcorder
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-omaniku-kasiraamat-110436
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-instruktionsbog-110435
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-110459
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-manualul-de-utilizare-110452
Cameras & Accessories - Nikon - Nikon COOLPIX S203
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31034802
Printers & Accessories - Xerox - WorkCentre Pro C2128~C2636~C3545
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders J 2.5L MFI Turbo SOHC--31006702
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-owner-s-manual-110437
1981-1995--Chrysler--Lebaron--4 Cylinders D 2.2L TBI SOHC--31095601
Cars & Automotive Accessories - Ford - F-150 2001
Speaker Systems - JBL - Xtreme
Speakers & Audio Accessories - Dual - Dual - SX652 ~ SX692
Ducati - Motorcycle - Ducati_M620_ie_Parts_2002
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother BAS-511
Sewing Machine - Brother - Brother DB2-B798
Skoda - Auto - skoda-karoq-2017-vodic-za-korisnike-110442
Power Tools & Accessories - STIHL - STIHL Trimmer FS 40, FS 50
Printers & Accessories - Epson - Stylus Pro 9000
DJ Equipment - Kramer AV - VM-4HDT
Printers & Accessories - Epson - WorkForce 40
Summary of Content
G3X ™ Pilot’s Guide SYSTEM OVERVIEW FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS EIS CNS INTERFACE GPS NAVIGATION FLIGHT PLANNING HAZARD AVOIDANCE ADDITIONAL FEATURES AFCS ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS APPENDIX INDEX © 2009 - 2016 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 10.80 or later. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions. Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A. Tel: 913/397.8200 Fax: 913/397.8282 Aircraft On Ground (AOG) Hotline: 913.397.0836 Aviation Dealer Technical Support: 888.606.5482 Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A. Tel: 503.581.8101 Fax 503.364.2138 Garmin (Europe) Ltd, Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR, U.K. Tel: +44/ (0) 238 052 4000 Fax: +44/ (0) 238 052 4004 Aviation Support: +44 (0) 370 850 1243 Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan Tel: 886/02.2642.9199 Fax: 886/02.2642.9099 Web Site Address: www.garmin.com Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited. Garmin®, FliteCharts®, SafeTaxi®, and MapSource® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. G3X™ is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin. Jeppesen® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc. NavData™ is a trademark of Jeppesen, Inc. SiriusXM Weather is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc. SiriusXM Radio is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc. August, 2016 190-01115-00 Rev. P Printed in the U.S.A. Warnings, Cautions & Notes WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the terrain function. The G3X Terrain Proximity feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data. WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the G3X Pilot’s Guide documentation and the Pilot’s Operating Handbook of the aircraft. Thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications from the G3X to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation. WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes. WARNING: The altitude calculated by G3X internal GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters. Always use pressure altitude displayed by the G3X PFD when determining or selecting aircraft altitude. WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in the G3X system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so entirely at their own risk. WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained with in data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions. Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Warnings, Cautions & Notes WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather product age. WARNING: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data. WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the G3X to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an intense radar echo.” WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the G3X within the following areas could result in loss of reliable attitude and heading indications. North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes; South of 70° South latitude at all longitudes; North of 65° North latitude between longitude 75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude between longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia); South of 55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of Australia and New Zealand) WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G3X utilize GPS as a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the G3X can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Warnings, Cautions & Notes WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to enhance situational awareness. WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X as a means of navigating any instrument approach. The G3X VFR navigation database is limited to present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure. These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring purposes only. WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft. WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on the display. WARNING: For safety reasons, G3X operational procedures must be learned on the ground. CAUTION: The display uses a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings. CAUTION: The Garmin G3X does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations. Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Warnings, Cautions & Notes NOTE: The Garmin G3X has a very high degree of functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication shown by the G3X. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated information available in the cockpit. NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the G3X panel and displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current G3X system and aviation databases. Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment. NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65. NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition. NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim or blank. NOTE: Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) data is provided by the FAA and may not be updated outside of normal business hours. Confirm data currency through alternate sources and contact your local FSS for interpretation of TFR data. NOTE: The Garmin G3X system includes products like the GDU 37X and the GSU 73 that are not TSO-certified products and have not received FAA approval or endorsement. Consequently the G3X system is not suitable for installation in type-certificated aircraft. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Warnings, Cautions & Notes Blank Page Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Part Number 190-01115-00 Rev Date A August, 2009 B January, 2010 C March, 2010 D June, 2010 Change Summary Initial release Description Production Release Added System Software Version 2.50 parameters System Software Version 2.50 to 2.60: • • Added message to indicate if config module is missing Added warning text to Weight & Balance Page System Software Version 2.60 to 2.70: • • • • • Added support for Integrated Autopilot control and display via the PFD Page Added PFD Setup Menu Added second Bearing Pointer to PFD HSI Added fuel range ring to map Added menu option to XM Page to allow selection of a specific channel number System Software Version 2.70 to 3.00: • • E April, 2011 Added Synthetic Vision Added mach number to configurable Data Fields System Software Version 3.00 to 3.10: • • • Added ability to import/export flight plans using the SD card Added Softkeys to Nearest Airports Page to quickly show/hide private airports and heliports Removed ability to adjust Roll Mode reference using the FMS Joystick System Software Version 3.10 to 3.20: • • • • Added ability to display checklist files from SD Card Added ability to log data to SD Card Added ability to export Track Log and User Waypoints to SD Card Added ability to display fuel calculator values in data bar System Software Version 3.20 to 4.00: • • • • 190-01115-00 Rev. P Added support for Jeppesen ChartView and geo-referenced FliteCharts Added ability to use VNAV when using an external GPS navigation Source Added Softkey to Terrain Page to quickly enabled/disable terrain alerts Added display of Navaid frequency to PFD bearing pointer data fields Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide RR-1 Rev Date E April, 2011 Description System Software Version 4.00 to 4.10: • Added support for displaying flight time in databar System Software Version 4.10 to 5.00: • • • • • • • • • • • • Added support for VOR, localizer, and glideslope modes for integrated autopilot Added option to display trim and flap position on PFD Added persistent sky/ground display to PFD Added ability to configure and display Vse (blue line) and Vmc (red line) on PFD airspeed tape for multiengine aircraft Added ‘User Selected’ configuration option to allow the position of the EIS strip to be changed via the Display Setup Page Added ability to view EGT/CHT cylinder temperature bar graph on a single-display system Added automatic sync of altimeter setting to local terrain elevation when FMS Joystick is pressed and held while BARO Softkey is selected and aircraft is stationary on the ground Added display of displaced runway threshold distance to Airport Review Page Added menu options to the Waypoint Page to quickly view the departure and destination airports Added menu option and softkey to the FPL VNAV Page to force a capture of a VNAV profile Added Sirius/XM warning text Improved HSI localizer course auto-slew and localizer backcourse presentation System Software Version 5.0 to 5.10: • Added Fuel Flow to list of configurable data fields System Software Version 5.10 to 6.00: • • F RR-2 October, 2011 Added pathways Note about VPX Page System Software Version 6.00 to 6.10: • • Added baro minimums altitude reference bug and audio alert to PFD Changed CRS Softkey on PFD Page to indicate which course it controls (LOC, VOR, or OBS). Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Rev Date F October, 2011 Description System Software Version 6.10 to 6.20: • • • • • • • • • • • • 190-01115-00 Rev. P Added remote transponder interface information Added ability to switch between internal and external GPS flight plan sources Added optional dedicated Traffic Page Added softkey to Map Page to enable/disable traffic display Added ability to enable/disable ‘Traffic Not Available’ audio alert Added ability to enable/diable traffic data on Synthetic Vision display Added ability to change the layout of PFD1 between full-screen and split-screen in normal mode via the Display Setup Page Added arrows to PFD traffic and terrain messages to indicate traffic and terrain alerts which are outside the Synthetic Vision field of view Added display of peak EGT temperature to bar graph display on Engine Page when Lean Mode is active Added softkey to Terrain page Changed EGT gauge in EIS strip to display the cylinder with the temperature closest to its own peak value when Lean Mode is active Changed AP NAV Softkey on PFD Page to cancel armed GS Mode on the first press if GPS Mode is active and LOC and GS Modes are both armed Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide RR-3 Rev Date G May, 2012 Description System Software Version 6.20 to 6.30: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Added ability to adjust PFD pitch attitude offset, using the PFD Setup page. Added ability to configure the initial MFD page that is displayed after powerup, using the Display Setup page. Added ability to display synthetic vision field of view on the map. Added configurable data fields to display current climb gradient in percent or altitude gain per nautical mile. Added runway number labels to runway extension lines on map. Added items to Map Setup page to adjust visibility of water labels, park and land cover areas, runway numbers, and runway extension lines. Simplified requirements for availability of autopilot VNAV mode, and reduced the need for pilot acknowledgement before VNAV mode can be activated. Changed screenshot utility to be activated when Menu key is pressed and held. Changed selected altitude data field on PFD to flash in conjunction with armed autopilot VNAV indicator if an altitude has not been selected prior to VNAV descent. Changed Fuel Calculator display on Engine page to show fuel quantity and pressure gauges if space is available. Changed wind direction display on PFD to use system units settings for heading offset. Changed display of XTK data fields to more closely resemble G1000 presentation. Improved flight log to more closely match airframe timer, and to account for time spent with the engine running while on the ground before or after a flight. System Software Version 6.30 to 6.40: • • • • H July, 2012 System Software Version 6.40 to 7.00: • J RR-4 August, 2012 Added option to display G-meter on PFD. Added option to display track-up orientation on PFD HSI. Added support for GTS 8xx active traffic system. Added support for GNS 480. Added GDL39 Support System Software Version 7.00 to 7.20: • Added TargetTrend™ Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Rev Date K May, 2013 Description System Software Version 7.20 to 7.30: • Includes GDL 39 system software 2.51 System Software Version 7.30 to 7.40: • • Added support for Rotax 966385 sensor for CHT and oil temperature Improved lean assist detection of false peaks due to small temperature fluctuations System Software Version 7.40 to 8.00: • • • • • L M March, 2015 System Software Version 8.00 to 10.00: May, 2015 System Software Version 10.00 to 10.20: • • • • N June, 2016 • • August, 2016 190-01115-00 Rev. P Added Electronic Stability Protection. Added Carbon Monoxide Detector support. Added Pulse Oximeter support. Added Flight Director Configuration. System Software Version 10.20 to 10.40: • • • • P Added GMC 305 AFCS Controller support Added GSU 25 AHRS support Added GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Mast support Added GSA 28 Auto Pilot Servo support Added GEA 24 Engine/Airframe support Added GMC 307 info Added estimated time to VNAV (ETV) field to data bar Added support for GMC 307 mode control panel Added configurable option to reset fuel-used value on first engine start or takeoff following a power cycle Added Glide Range Ring, Best Airport Bearing Pointer, and Selected Altitude Intercept Arc Added Database Reloading instructions System Software Version 10.40 to 10.80: • • • • Various text updates for accuracy Added info regarding ADAHRS redundancy from standby flight displays Updated CAS message information regarding ADAHRS data sources Added description of Best Airport Line Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide RR-5 Blank Page RR-6 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Table of Contents Section 1 System Overview.................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Line Replaceable Units...................................................................................................... 1 G3X Single Display (Examples)............................................................................................... 7 G3X Dual Display (Examples)................................................................................................. 9 Split-Screen vs. Full-Screen Configurations........................................................................... 12 External Navigators (Optional)............................................................................................. 13 Automatic Flight Control System (Optional).......................................................................... 14 1.2 Display Overview............................................................................................................. 15 1.3 Secure Digital (SD) Cards............................................................................................... 15 1.4 G3X Controls...................................................................................................................... 16 1.5 System Power-up............................................................................................................. 18 1.6 System Operation............................................................................................................ 20 Display Operation................................................................................................................ 20 PFD Display Configuration................................................................................................... 23 G3X System Annunciations.................................................................................................. 24 AHRS Operation.................................................................................................................. 24 1.7 Accessing System Functionality.................................................................................... 28 Menus................................................................................................................................ 28 Data Entry........................................................................................................................... 29 Pages.................................................................................................................................. 31 Main Page Softkeys............................................................................................................. 36 Flight Planning Softkeys...................................................................................................... 48 Nearest Page Softkeys......................................................................................................... 49 1.8 Accessing the Information (INFO) Page...................................................................... 49 Viewing GPS Receiver Status............................................................................................... 50 Position............................................................................................................................... 53 Data Fields and Layout (Full-Screen MFD)............................................................................ 54 1.9 System Settings................................................................................................................. 55 Transponder........................................................................................................................ 56 Data Bar Fields.................................................................................................................... 57 Display................................................................................................................................ 59 Sound................................................................................................................................. 62 Units................................................................................................................................... 64 Date & Time........................................................................................................................ 64 Position............................................................................................................................... 65 Alarms................................................................................................................................ 66 Airport Criteria.................................................................................................................... 67 Section 2 Flight Instruments................................................................................................ 69 2.1 Flight Instruments............................................................................................................ 69 Airspeed Indicator............................................................................................................... 72 Attitude Indicator................................................................................................................ 74 Altimeter............................................................................................................................. 75 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide i Table of Contents Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)............................................................................................... 80 Vertical Deviation Indicator and VNAV Indicator................................................................... 80 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)...................................................................................... 82 Trim and Flap Position Indicators (optional).......................................................................... 95 Heading Strip and Turn Rate Indicator.................................................................................. 96 OBS Mode.......................................................................................................................... 97 2.2 Supplemental Flight Data.............................................................................................. 98 Outside Air Temperature...................................................................................................... 98 Wind Data.......................................................................................................................... 99 Angle of Attack (AOA)......................................................................................................... 99 2.3 Vertical Navigation (VNAV).......................................................................................... 101 Using the VNAV Feature.................................................................................................... 102 Section 3 Engine Indication System............................................................................... 105 3.1 EIS Display & ENG Page................................................................................................ 105 ENG Page Softkeys (Example Configuration)...................................................................... 109 3.2 Lean Assist Mode (Optional)........................................................................................ 109 3.3 Fuel Calculator (Optional)............................................................................................ 113 Fuel Calculator Softkeys.................................................................................................... 115 Confirming Fuel Quantity................................................................................................... 116 3.4 CAS Messages (Optional)............................................................................................. 118 Section 4 CNS Interface......................................................................................................... 121 4.1 Auto-tuning Frequencies (Optional).......................................................................... 121 4.2 Remote Transponder Interface (Optional)............................................................... 124 Transponder Mode Selection.............................................................................................. 127 Entering a Transponder Code............................................................................................. 128 IDENT Function................................................................................................................. 129 ADS-B Out........................................................................................................................ 129 Flight ID Reporting............................................................................................................ 130 Section 5 GPS Navigation..................................................................................................... 131 5.1 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 131 Compass Arc..................................................................................................................... 131 5.2 Using Map Displays........................................................................................................ 132 Map Page Setup................................................................................................................ 133 Map Range....................................................................................................................... 137 Map Panning.................................................................................................................... 138 Fuel Range Ring................................................................................................................ 140 Glide Range Ring.............................................................................................................. 141 Best Airport Bearing Pointer............................................................................................... 143 Best Airport Line............................................................................................................... 144 Selected Altitude Intercept Arc........................................................................................... 145 ii Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Table of Contents 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Measuring Bearing and Distance....................................................................................... 146 Topography....................................................................................................................... 146 Satellite View.................................................................................................................... 147 Map Page Traffic................................................................................................................ 148 Map Symbols.................................................................................................................... 148 Airways............................................................................................................................. 150 Waypoints........................................................................................................................ 152 Nearest Information.......................................................................................................... 157 Weather Information......................................................................................................... 159 Intersections..................................................................................................................... 160 NDBs................................................................................................................................ 161 VORs................................................................................................................................ 162 User Waypoints................................................................................................................. 163 Automatic Waypoint Selection........................................................................................... 166 Airspace............................................................................................................................ 167 Airspace Alert Messages.................................................................................................... 168 Smart Airspace™................................................................................................................ 168 Direct-to Navigation Using the G3X.......................................................................... 169 Section 6 Flight Planning...................................................................................................... 173 6.1 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 173 Flight Plan Data Fields....................................................................................................... 174 Manually Switching Between Internal and External Flight Plan Sources............................... 176 Failure of the External GPS Navigation Source.................................................................... 177 6.2 Flight Plan Creation Using the G3X............................................................................ 178 6.3 Flight Plan Storage Using the G3X............................................................................. 180 6.4 Flight Plan Activation Using the G3X......................................................................... 181 6.5 Flight Plan Editing.......................................................................................................... 182 Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan....................................................................... 182 Editing Flight Plan Speed, Fuel, and/or Name..................................................................... 184 Copying Flight Plans.......................................................................................................... 187 Deleting Flight Plans......................................................................................................... 187 Inverting a Flight Plan....................................................................................................... 189 Importing/Exporting Flight Plans........................................................................................ 190 6.6 Approaches (Without External Navigator Configured)......................................... 190 Selecting an Approach....................................................................................................... 191 Activating Vectors-to-Final................................................................................................. 194 Section 7 Hazard Avoidance............................................................................................... 197 7.1 Weather Information..................................................................................................... 197 SiriusXM Weather (Optional).............................................................................................. 199 Using SiriusXM Weather Products....................................................................................... 212 Data Link weather (FIS-B).................................................................................................. 216 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide iii Table of Contents 7.2 Terrain............................................................................................................................... 232 Synthetic Vision................................................................................................................. 233 Terrain Information............................................................................................................ 233 Terrain Views..................................................................................................................... 234 Terrain Settings................................................................................................................. 236 Terrain Alerts..................................................................................................................... 237 7.3 Traffic Systems................................................................................................................ 240 Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) (Optional)...................................................................... 241 Garmin GTS 800 Traffic (Optional)..................................................................................... 248 Data Link Traffic (GDL 39) (Optional).................................................................................. 255 Section 8 Additional Features............................................................................................ 267 8.1 Synthetic Vision (SVX)................................................................................................... 268 Synthetic Vision Operation................................................................................................. 269 8.2 SafeTaxi® ......................................................................................................................... 281 SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision.................................................................................. 282 8.3 ChartView........................................................................................................................ 282 Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 285 Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 286 Jeppesen Database-published NOTAMs............................................................................. 286 8.4 FliteCharts® ..................................................................................................................... 287 Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 290 Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 291 FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date................................................................... 292 8.5 Airport Directory Data.................................................................................................. 292 8.6 SiriusXM Radio Entertainment (Optional)................................................................. 294 Activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio Services....................................................................... 294 Using SiriusXM Radio......................................................................................................... 295 8.7 Vertical Power (Optional)............................................................................................. 299 8.8 Electronic Checklists (Optional).................................................................................. 301 8.9 Flight Data Logging....................................................................................................... 301 8.10 Electronic Stability & Protection (ESP-X)............................................................... 302 Roll Engagement............................................................................................................... 304 Pitch Engagement............................................................................................................. 305 Airspeed Protection........................................................................................................... 307 8.11 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector (Optional).......................................................... 307 8.12 Pulse Oximeter (Optional)......................................................................................... 308 Section 9 Automatic Flight Control Systems (Optional)..................................... 309 AFCS System Architecture ................................................................................................. 309 G3X AFCS Installations Options......................................................................................... 311 Control Wheel Steering (CWS) (Optional)........................................................................... 311 G3X AFCS Status Box........................................................................................................ 312 iv Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Table of Contents 9.1 AFCS Operation............................................................................................................... 313 AFCS PRE-FLIGHT Actions.................................................................................................. 315 AFCS Controls................................................................................................................... 316 Flight Director Operation................................................................................................... 323 9.2 Vertical Modes................................................................................................................. 331 Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)....................................................................................................... 333 Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS).............................................................................. 334 Altitude Hold Mode (ALT).................................................................................................. 335 Vertical Speed Mode (VS).................................................................................................. 337 Indicated Airspeed Mode (IAS) (GMC 305/307 only).......................................................... 339 Vertical Navigation Mode (VNAV)...................................................................................... 340 VNAV Target Altitude Capture Mode (ALTV)....................................................................... 342 Glidepath Mode (GP) (with external WAAS enabled IFR navigator ONLY)............................ 344 Glideslope Mode (GS)....................................................................................................... 345 Go Around (GA) and Takeoff (TO) Modes........................................................................... 347 9.3 Lateral Modes.................................................................................................................. 348 Roll Hold Mode (ROL)........................................................................................................ 350 Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)............................................................................. 352 Approaches without Vertical Guidance............................................................................... 359 Approaches with Lateral + Vertical Guidance..................................................................... 363 AFCS Alerts....................................................................................................................... 369 9.4 Example Autopilot Flight Plan..................................................................................... 369 Section 10 Annunciations & Alerts.................................................................................. 385 10.1 Miscellaneous Message Advisories.......................................................................... 385 10.2 System Status Messages (INFO Page)..................................................................... 387 10.3 Audio Alerts................................................................................................................... 392 Voice Alerts....................................................................................................................... 392 AOA Aural Alert................................................................................................................. 392 10.4 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions............................................................ 393 Uncertain Heading............................................................................................................ 393 External Navigator Messages (Optional)............................................................................ 393 CAS Messages (Optional).................................................................................................. 394 Terrain Annunciations........................................................................................................ 396 Traffic Annunciations......................................................................................................... 397 AHRS Alerts (Optional)...................................................................................................... 398 AFCS Alerts (Optional)....................................................................................................... 399 Vertical Power Fault Indications......................................................................................... 401 Section 11 Appendices........................................................................................................... 403 Appendix A: Data Field Options........................................................................................ 403 Appendix B: Utilities............................................................................................................ 409 Flight Log.......................................................................................................................... 409 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide v Table of Contents Track Log.......................................................................................................................... 411 Heading Line..................................................................................................................... 415 Weight & Balance............................................................................................................. 416 EPE Circle......................................................................................................................... 418 Proximity Waypoints.......................................................................................................... 419 Appendix C: SD Card Use and Databases........................................................................ 421 Installing and Removing SD Cards..................................................................................... 422 G3X Databases................................................................................................................. 423 Updating G3X Databases.................................................................................................. 426 Reloading G3X Databases:................................................................................................ 429 Exporting Track Logs and User Waypoints........................................................................... 429 Importing/Exporting Flight Plans........................................................................................ 430 Flight Data Logging........................................................................................................... 430 Appendix D: Map Datum and Location Formats............................................................ 431 Map Datums..................................................................................................................... 431 Location Formats............................................................................................................... 431 Appendix E: General TIS-A Information........................................................................... 433 TIS-A vs. TAS/TCAS............................................................................................................ 433 TIS-A Limitations............................................................................................................... 434 Appendix F: Abnormal Operation..................................................................................... 437 Loss of GPS Position.......................................................................................................... 437 Hazard Display with Loss of GPS Position........................................................................... 437 G3X System Failure Annunciations..................................................................................... 438 Unusual Attitudes.............................................................................................................. 439 Reversionary Mode (Full-Screen)........................................................................................ 440 AFCS Reversionary Mode................................................................................................... 440 Failure of the External GPS Navigation Source.................................................................... 440 Synthetic Vision Troubleshooting........................................................................................ 442 Appendix G: Display Symbols............................................................................................ 443 VFR Symbols..................................................................................................................... 443 IFR Symbols...................................................................................................................... 444 Airspace Symbols.............................................................................................................. 446 Appendix H: Glossary........................................................................................................... 449 Appendix I: License Agreement and Warranty............................................................... 455 Contact Garmin................................................................................................................ 455 Software License Agreement.............................................................................................. 455 Limited Warranty............................................................................................................... 455 AOPA Airport Directory Notice........................................................................................... 456 AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT..................................................................................... 457 SiriusXM Satellite Radio Service Agreement........................................................................ 457 Weather Data Warranty..................................................................................................... 457 Index....................................................................................................................................Index-1 vi Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Flight Instruments The G3X System presents flight instrumentation, position, navigation, communication, and identification information to the pilot using Wide VGA (800x480) flat-panel color display(s). The seven-inch diagonally measured display(s) provides 22 square-inches (each) of viewing area. System Overview SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW EIS 1.1 LINE REPLACEABLE UNITS CNS Interface The system consists of the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs): GPS Navigation • Garmin Display Unit (GDU) 375 (with XM) –– Single Display: Split Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Multi Function Display (MFD) –– Multiple Displays: MFD (recommended) Flight Planning • GDU 370 (without XM) –– Single Display: Split Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Multi Function Display (MFD) –– Multiple Displays: MFD, PFD, or split-screen Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index GDU 37X 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 1 • GSU 73 –– Garmin Sensor Unit sub-system for the G3X (Air Data Computer (ADC), Engine/ Airframe Unit, and the Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)) –– ADC: Processes data from the pitot-static system and outside air temperature (OAT) sensor. –– Engine/Airframe Unit: Receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. –– AHRS: Provides aircraft attitude and heading information to the PFD. The AHRS contains advanced sensors (including accelerometers and rate sensors) and interfaces with the Magnetometer to obtain magnetic field information, with the ADC to obtain air data, and with the GDU to obtain GPS information. AHRS operation is discussed later in this section. –– ARINC 429 interface: Transmits and receives ARINC 429 signals for interface to panel-mount IFR GPS navigators. AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Index Appendix Annun/Alerts GSU 73 2 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface • GSU 25/25B –– Garmin Sensor Unit sub-system for the G3X (Air Data Computer (ADC), and the Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)) –– ADC: Processes data from the pitot-static system and outside air temperature (OAT) sensor. –– AHRS: Provides aircraft attitude and heading information to the PFD. The AHRS contains advanced sensors (including accelerometers and rate sensors) and interfaces with the Magnetometer to obtain magnetic field information, with the ADC to obtain air data, and with the GDU to obtain GPS information. AHRS operation is discussed later in this section. GPS Navigation Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features GSU 25/25B AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 3 • GMU 44/GMU 22 –– Magnetometer: Measures the local magnetic field and sends data to the AHRS for processing to determine aircraft magnetic heading. This unit receives power directly from the AHRS and communicates with it via an RS-485 digital interface. GMU 44/GMU 22 • GTP 59 –– Temperature Probe: Provides raw air temperature data. GTP 59 • GAP 26 –– Pitot Probe: Sends dynamic air pressure for airspeed, altitude, and angle of attack (AOA), when paired with a GSU 25. Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Index GAP 26 4 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview • GSA 28 –– Auto Pilot Servo: Used for automatic control of pitch, roll, and yaw. Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation GSA 28 Flight Planning • GEA 24 –– Engine and Airframe Unit: Receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts GEA 24 Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 5 • GAD 29 –– ARINC 429 interface: Transmits and receives ARINC 429 signals for interface to panel-mount IFR GPS navigators. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview 6 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview G3X SINGLE DISPLAY (EXAMPLES) GDU 370 or 375 (XM) Split PFD/MFD Flight Instruments In the single display, split-screen configuration, the Primary Flight Display (PFD) and the Multi Function Display (MFD) are displayed in split-screen mode on a single GDU. GDU 370 or 375 (XM) Split PFD/MFD EIS CNS Interface Garmin Sensor Unit Heading Engine/Airframe Unit AHRS Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid GTP 59 Temperature Probe GMU 44/22 Magnetometer Heading Air Data Computer OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA AFCS G3X Standard Panel (Split-Screen) (GSU 73) GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe Additional Features GMU 44/22 Magnetometer OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed GSU 25 Garmin Sensor Unit Hazard Avoidance GTP 59 Temperature Probe Air Data Computer CAN BUS Flight Planning GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe GPS Navigation GSU 73 GEA 24 Engine/Airframe Unit G3X Standard Panel (Split-Screen) (GSU 25) Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 7 System Overview EIS Flight Instruments System Overview GDU 370 or 375 (XM) Split PFD/MFD CNS Interface GSU 73 GSU 25 Garmin Sensor Unit Air Data Computer GPS Navigation OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed Flight Planning Engine/Airframe Unit AHRS Hazard Avoidance Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid Garmin Sensor Unit GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe GTP 59 Temperature Probe Air Data Computer OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS GMU 44/22 Magnetometer Heading Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA Additional Features G3X Dual ADAHRS Example Install AFCS NOTE: The G3X can support as many as three ADAHRS units. As many as two standby flight instruments (such as a Garmin G5 Electronic Flight Instrument) can also be installed to provide additional sources of backup ADAHRS data. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts GEA 24 Engine/Airframe Unit 8 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview NOTE: The G3X System can be configured with more than two displays. GDU 370 (PFD) EIS A typical dual display panel would have the left GDU configured as a full-screen PFD and the right GDU configured as a full-screen MFD. The following is an example of a upgraded G3X panel using a GDU 370 and a GDU 375; however, two GDU 370s can be used if SiriusXM is not needed. Flight Instruments System Overview G3X DUAL DISPLAY (EXAMPLES) GDU 375 (MFD) CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning GSU 73 GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe Heading OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed Engine/Airframe Unit AHRS AFCS GMU 44/22 Magnetometer Air Data Computer Additional Features GTP 59 Temperature Probe Hazard Avoidance Garmin Sensor Unit Annun/Alerts Heading Attitude Rate of Turn Slip/Skid Appendix G3X Upgraded Panel (Full-Screen) (GSU 73) Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 9 System Overview GDU 375 (MFD) GSU 25 GPS Navigation CNS Interface GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe GTP 59 Temperature Probe Garmin Sensor Unit Air Data Computer OAT Airspeed Altitude V Vertical Speed CAN BUS EIS Flight Instruments System Overview GDU 370 (PFD) GEA 24 Engine/Airframe Unit Flight Planning AHRS GMU 44/22 Magnetometer Hazard Avoidance Heading Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features G3X Upgraded Panel (Full-Screen) (GSU 25) 10 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview GDU 375 (MFD) System Overview GDU 370 (PFD) Flight Instruments EIS GSU 25 OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS GTP 59 Temperature Probe Air Data Computer OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS GMU 44/22 Magnetometer Heading Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA Hazard Avoidance Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe Flight Planning Engine/Airframe Unit Garmin Sensor Unit GPS Navigation Air Data Computer CNS Interface GSU 73 Garmin Sensor Unit Additional Features G3X Upgraded Panel Dual ADAHRS AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 11 System Overview GDU 375 (MFD) CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview GDU 370 (PFD) GSU 25 Garmin Sensor Unit GPS Navigation Air Data Computer Flight Planning OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS Hazard Avoidance Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA GSU 25 Garmin Sensor Unit Air Data Computer GAP 26 Pitot-AOA Probe GTP 59 Temperature Probe GMU 44/22 Magnetometer OAT Airspeed Altitude Vertical Speed AHRS Attitude Heading Rate of Turn Slip/Skid AOA Additional Features Heading G3X Dual GSU 25 ADAHRS SPLIT-SCREEN VS. FULL-SCREEN CONFIGURATIONS AFCS Annun/Alerts GAD 29 ARINC 429 interface Various combinations of split and full-screen configurations are available in systems with 2 or more GDUs. For example, a system with 2 GDUs (MFD and PFD1) can be configured to have a split-screen layout on PFD1, and a system with 3 GDUs (PFD1, MFD, PFD2) can be configured to have full-screen MFD pages displayed on PFD2 if desired. Index Appendix GEA 24 Engine/Airframe Unit 12 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview EXTERNAL NAVIGATORS (OPTIONAL) The G3X can also communicate with the following optional external navigators: Flight Instruments • SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver • SL40 Comm Transceiver • GTR series Comm Transceiver EIS • GNC series Nav/Comm Transceiver • GTN or GNS Series Units CNS Interface USING THE G3X WITH AN EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATOR GPS Navigation In a configuration which includes one or more external GPS navigators (i.e., GTN or GNS Series), the G3X displays the selected external GPS Navigator’s flight plan and guidance information. When using an external GPS navigator with the G3X, press the INTERNAL Softkey on the Active Flight Plan Page or Direct-To Page to make changes to the active flight plan from the G3X. Press the EXTERNAL Softkey to return to the external GPS navigator’s flight plan. When an external navigator is configured the internal GPS can still be used for VFR navigation. Hazard Avoidance AFCS Annun/Alerts NOTE: The G3X internal GPS flight plan is only for VFR use. Additional Features Flight Planning WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X as a means of navigating any instrument approach. The G3X VFR navigation database is limited to present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure. These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring purposes only. Changing the Navigation Source Appendix When an external navigator that supports both GPS and VOR/ILS capabilities (i.e., GTN or GNS Series) is selected, the external navigator’s CDI Key is used to switch the G3X HSI between GPS and VOR/ILS navigation. Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 13 Selection Between Multiple Navigators The G3X CDI SRC Softkey (refer to Section 1.7) becomes available when more than one source of navigation data is configured. The CDI SRC Softkey toggles between the available navigation sources (e.g., between the internal G3X GPS and external SL30 VLOC sources, between an SL30 and a GNS 430, or between two GNS 430s, etc). Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information. Using MapMX Serial Data Input Format When using a WAAS enabled external GPS navigator (i.e., GNS 430W/530W, GNS 480 or any GTN Series navigator), and configuring an RS-232 input for ‘MapMX’ instead of ‘Aviation In’, a more accurate depiction of the flight plan legs are displayed on the moving map (i.e., holds, procedure turns, etc). Non-WAAS external navigators do not support MapMX. Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information. EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATOR FAILURE In the event that all configured external GPS navigators fail, the G3X reverts to its internal VFR GPS for navigation and flight plan modifications. AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM (OPTIONAL) The G3X can also communicate with Garmin GSA 28, Garmin GMC 305/307 and various third-party autopilot units. With the AFCS configured, the G3X issues pitch and roll steering commands to the autopilot unit. Refer to Section 9 (AFCS) for more information. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview 14 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview SD Card Slot Flight Instruments 7” WVGA (800x480) Color Display System Overview 1.2 DISPLAY OVERVIEW EIS Range (RNG) Key FMS Joystick CNS Interface Display Bezel GPS Navigation Hardkeys Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Softkeys Additional Features Display Overview (Split-Screen) NOTE: Refer to Appendix C for more information on SD Card use and databases. Appendix T he G3X data card slot uses Secure Digital (SD) cards and is located on the upper right side of the display bezel(s). The SD card can be used for software updates, checklist files, flight data logging, exporting Track Logs/User Waypoints, and Importing/ Exporting Flight Plans. Annun/Alerts AFCS 1.3 SECURE DIGITAL (SD) CARDS Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 15 System Overview System Overview Installing an SD Card: 1) Insert the SD card in the SD card slot with the card contacts facing the display (the card should be flush with the face of the bezel). Flight Instruments 2) To eject the card, gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch. Display Bezel SD Card Slot 1.4 G3X CONTROLS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS SD Card Slot 1 AFCS 2 3 Annun/Alerts 4 5 6 Appendix 7 Index 8 9 16 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview 1 RNG Key 2 FMS Joystick Press the FMS Joystick to toggle input focus between user interaction System Overview Press to increase or decrease the viewing range of the map Press to increase or decrease the HSI Scale on the PFD or PFD Page Press to cancel an entry, revert to the previous value in a data entry field or remove menus Press and hold to return to the default page 5 MENU Key Press once to view the Page Menu Press twice to view the Main Menu Press a third time to clear the Main Menu Press and hold to capture screen shot 6 FPL Key Press to display the Flight Plan Page 7 Direct-To Key Press to activate the Direct-To function, enter a destination waypoint and Hazard Avoidance CLR Key Flight Planning 4 GPS Navigation Press to confirm menu selection or data entry Press to acknowledge messages Press and hold to mark a waypoint CNS Interface ENT Key EIS 3 Flight Instruments with the current page and the page navigation bar Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to access a drop down menu within the highlighted field Turn the FMS Joystick to change the selected value within the highlighted field Move the FMS Joystick (up, down, left, or right) to highlight a field Move the FMS Joystick (up, down, left, right, or diagonally) to move the map pointer With the HDG or HDG/ROLL Softkey selected, press and hold the FMS Joystick to sync to the current heading With the appropriate autopilot mode selected, move the FMS Joystick (up/down) to adjust the mode reference for Vertical Speed, Altitude Hold, Target Airspeed for IAS mode (GMC 305/307 only), and Pitch Hold modes, or move the FMS Joystick (left/right) to decrease the mode reference for Roll Hold mode. Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix establish a direct course to the selected destination Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 17 8 NRST Key Press to display the Nearest Page for viewing the nearest airports, intersections, NDBs, VORs, waypoints, frequencies, and airspaces 9 Softkey Selection Keys Press to select softkey shown above the bezel key on the display 1.5 SYSTEM POWER-UP During system initialization, the AHRS displays the message ‘AHRS ALIGN, KEEP WINGS LEVEL’ over the attitude indicator. The AHRS should display valid attitude and heading fields typically within the first minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself both while taxiing and during level flight. System Initialization Current database information is displayed during power-up including valid operating dates, cycle number, and database type. When this information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted to continue. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview 18 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface Database Information After acknowledgement of the database information, the pilot is prompted to acknowledge a data link weather advisory. GPS Navigation Pressing the ENT Key acknowledges this information. Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Data link Weather Advisory Annun/Alerts Pressing the ENT Key acknowledges this information. Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 19 1.6 SYSTEM OPERATION Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview NOTE: The G3X display operation can be configured from the DSPL Page in Config Mode (refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information). EIS DISPLAY OPERATION NOTE: In a reversionary situation where failure occurs with all the GDUs configured to use their own internal GPS receivers, any remaining GDUs will attempt to approximate their position using GPS data from an external GPS navigator (if configured). In normal operating mode, the PFD presents graphical flight instrumentation (attitude, heading, airspeed, altitude, vertical speed), replacing the traditional flight instrument cluster. • Split-Screen Only –– The PFD occupies the top portion of the display at all times, and a full display PFD can be accessed by navigating to the PFD Page (see Section 1.7, Accessing System Functionality). –– The MFD occupies the bottom portion of the display. Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface Index G3X Split-Screen Only (Normal Mode) 20 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview • Full-Screen PFD/MFD Configuration (Normal Mode) –– In normal mode the displays can be configured to have a dedicated PFD and MFD or have an optional split-screen PFD. Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning G3X Full-Screen (Normal Mode) Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts G3X Normal Mode (Optional Split-Screen PFD) 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 21 Index In the event of a display failure, the G3X System automatically switches to reversionary (backup) mode. In reversionary mode, all flight information is presented on the remaining display in the split-screen configuration. Appendix • Full-Screen PFD/MFD Configuration (Reversionary Mode) If a display failure occurs with the GDU 375, the WX and XM Pages will no longer be available since the XM receiver resides in the GDU 375. G3X Full-Screen Reversionary Mode (Failed PFD) • Multi-Display (Normal Mode) –– In normal mode an example Multi-Display system includes a pilot-side PFD (PFD1), MFD, and co-pilot side PFD (PFD2). PFD1 can also be configured as a split-screen. PFD2 can be configured as a split-screen or PFD/MFD (full-screen PFD page and full-screen MFD pages without split-screen) Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview PFD1 MFD PFD2 Index G3X Multi-display Normal Mode (example) 22 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview EIS PFD DISPLAY CONFIGURATION Additional Features AFCS 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. Appendix 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the PFD2 Display Layout field. Annun/Alerts 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Auto’, ‘Split’, or ‘PFD/MFD’. 23 Index 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Hazard Avoidance If the system is configured for multiple GDUs, the pilot has the ability to change the layout of PFD2 between full-screen PFD, split-screen, or full-screen PFD/MFD. Flight Planning Changing the PFD2 Display Layout: GPS Navigation Changing the PFD1 Display Layout: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the PFD Display Layout field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Auto’ or ‘Split’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. CNS Interface If the system is configured for multiple GDUs, the pilot has the ability to change the layout of PFD1 between full-screen and split-screen in normal mode. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments If the system detects a failure in PFD1, the MFD enters reversionary mode. If the MFD fails, PFD1 and PFD2 enter reversionary mode. A failure of PFD2 is not considered an emergency and will not cause either of the remaining displays to enter reversionary mode. System Overview • Multi-Display (Reversionary Mode) G3X SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red ‘X’ is typically displayed over the instrument(s) or data experiencing the failure (Refer to Appendix F, Abnormal Operation). Upon G3X power-up, certain instruments remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All instruments should be operational within one minute of powerup. If any instrument remains flagged, and it is not likely an installation related problem, the G3X should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility . Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview AHRS OPERATION The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) performs attitude, heading, and vertical acceleration calculations for the G3X System, utilizing GPS, magnetometer, and air data in addition to information from its internal sensors. Attitude and heading information are updated on the PFD while the AHRS receives appropriate combinations of information from the external sensor inputs. The AHRS (GSU 73 or GSU 25) corrects for shifts and variations in the Earth’s magnetic field by applying the Magnetic Field Variation Database. The Magnetic Field Variation Database is derived from the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF). The IGRF is a mathematical model that describes the Earth’s main magnetic field and its annual rate of change. The database is updated approximately every 5 years. Failure to update this database could lead to erroneous heading information being displayed to the pilot. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance PFD Initialization 24 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview available le e Magnetometer Data available le e CNS Interface Attitude/Heading Invalid GPS Navigation AHRS no-GPS Mode le ab AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/ Mag Mode no-Air Mode Heading Invalid ail av unavailable ble Air Data un available le e unavailable ble le available le e available le e EIS unavailable ble bl Magnetometer Data Air Data AHRS Normal Operation Flight Instruments unavailable ble bl GPS Data Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Loss of GPS, magnetometer, or air data inputs is communicated to the pilot by message advisory alerts. Any failure of the internal AHRS inertial sensors results in loss of attitude and heading information (indicated by red ‘X’ flags over the corresponding flight instruments). If the G3X senses that the magnetic heading measurement is valid, but possibly outside of the internal accuracy limits, the numeric heading value on the PFD is displayed in yellow. Appendix Uncertain Heading Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 25 If GPS input fails, the AHRS can continue to provide attitude and heading information to the PFD as long as magnetometer and airspeed data are available and valid. If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS continues to output valid attitude information; however, the heading output on the PFD Page is flagged as invalid with a red ‘X’. Failure of the air data input has no effect on the AHRS output while AHRS is receiving valid GPS information. Invalid/unavailable airspeed data in addition to GPS failure results in loss of all attitude and heading information. Likewise, loss of magnetometer (heading) data, in combination with loss of GPS data results in a loss of all attitude and heading information. In installations that include multiple AHRS units (G3X supports up to three AHRS sources) if data from an AHRS source is lost the G3X will automatically switch sources, when a failure is detected. Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in a window on the right side of the PFD. These annunciations reflect reversionary sensors selected on the PFD. Pressing the Menu Key while on the PFD page accesses the PFD Setup page, select the Sensors Softkey, turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired ADAHRS source (AUTO, ADAHRS1, ADAHRS2, or ADAHRS3) softkeys. This allows for manual switching of the ADAHRS sensors being viewed on the PFD. The GPS sensor cannot be switched manually. If a standby flight display (such as a Garmin G5 Electronic Flight Instrument) is installed, it will also provide a redundant source of attitude and air data in addition to that provided by the dedicated ADAHRS units (GSU 25 or GSU 73). If the sensor source selection is AUTO and attitude or air data is unavailable from any dedicated ADAHRS unit, the PFD will automatically revert to displaying data from the standby display. This will be annunciated on the PFD with an ‘AHRS REVERT’ or ‘ADC REVERT’ message (see section 10.4). In the example below a GSU 73 is configured as ADAHRS1 and a GSU 25 is configured as ADAHRS2. ADAHRS1 has failed, the system has auto filled the AHRS information from AHRS2 as annunciated in the Reversionary Sensor Window to the right of the HSI. Since the GSU 73 also processes the engine and airframe data, engine and airframe data is lost as indicated by the red ‘Xs’. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview 26 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Additional Features AFCS Appendix Index 27 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Annun/Alerts Dual AHRS Hazard Avoidance Reversionary Sensor Window 1.7 ACCESSING SYSTEM FUNCTIONALITY MENUS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview EIS NOTE: Flight Log and Track Log must be accessed from the MFD in a Multiple Display system. The G3X has a dedicated MENU Key. Press once to display a context-sensitive list of options for the page or the dedicated PFD. Press twice to display the Main Menu. CNS Interface The Page Menu allows the user to access additional features or make setting changes which specifically relate to the currently displayed page. The menu will display ‘No Options’ when there are no options for the page selected. Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation Navigating the page menu: 1) Press the MENU Key once to display the Page Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar always appears to the right of the window/box when the option list is longer than the window/box). 3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option. 4) Press the FMS Joystick, CLR Key, or press the MENU Key twice to remove the menu and cancel the operation. Page Menu (No Options) TER Page Menu Index Appendix Navigating the main menu: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar always appears to the right of the window/box when the option list is longer than the window/box). 3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option. 28 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview 4) Press the FMS Joystick, CLR Key, EXIT Softkey, or press the MENU Key to remove the menu and cancel the operation. Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface Main Menu (Split-Screen) GPS Navigation Flight Planning Main Menu (Full-Screen MFD) Hazard Avoidance Main Menu (Split-Screen PFD) DATA ENTRY Index 29 Appendix Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Annun/Alerts 190-01115-00 Rev. P AFCS Besides character-by-character data entry, the system also provides a shortcut for entering waypoint identifiers. When the cursor is on a field awaiting entry of a waypoint identifier, turning the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise accesses a menu with three different lists of identifiers for quick selections: recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest airports (NRST APTS), and flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS). The G3X automatically fills in the identifier, facility, and city fields with the information for the selected waypoint. Additional Features The FMS Joystick can be used for directly entering alphanumeric data into the G3X. In some instances, such as when entering an identifier, the G3X tries to predict the desired identifier based on the characters being entered. In this case, if the desired identifier appears, use the ENT Key to confirm the entry without entering the rest of the identifier manually. This can save the pilot from having to enter all the characters of the identifier. System Overview Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Using the FMS Joystick to enter data: 1) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor. 2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field. 3) Begin entering data. a) To quickly enter a waypoint identifier, turn the FMS Joystick counterclockwise to display a list of recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest airports (NRST APTS) or flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS). b) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired waypoint from the list and press the ENT Key. Waypoint Entry on Waypoint Page (Split-Screen) Or: AFCS Additional Features a) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to select a character for the first placeholder. Annun/Alerts Data Entry Appendix  Turning the FMS Joystick clockwise scrolls through the alphabet (where appropriate) toward the letter Z, starting in the middle at K (US only), and the digits zero through nine. Turning the FMS Joystick counterclockwise scrolls in the opposite direction. Index b) Use the FMS Joystick to move the cursor to the next placeholder in the field. 30 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview d) Press the ENT Key to confirm entry. Flight Instruments Or:  Press the FMS Joystick or the CLR Key to cancel data entry (the field reverts back to its previous information). EIS PAGES Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance On the split-screen example below, the PFD occupies the top portion of the display while the selected page occupies the bottom portion of the display. GPS Navigation Press the FMS Joystick to toggle input focus between the Page Navigation Bar and interaction with the current page (i.e., turning the page cursor on/off). When the Page Navigation Bar is highlighted blue, the user can cycle through the pages using the FMS Joystick. If the Page Navigation Bar is not highlighted blue, the user can interact with the current page (if available). CNS Interface The Main Pages, Flight Plan Pages, and Nearest Pages are linked together in a series that you can cycle through using the FMS Joystick. A page navigation bar is displayed on the lower portion of the display, directly above the softkey bar. The right side of the page navigation bar shows a list of abbreviated names for each of the pages, and the left side shows the name of the current page. Additional Features Selected Page Input Focus on Page Navigation Bar (Page Cursor Off) AFCS Active Page Title System Overview c) Repeat, turning the FMS Joystick to select a character and then moving the FMS Joystick to move the cursor, until the fields are complete. Annun/Alerts Input Focus on Current Page (Page Cursor On) Appendix Page Navigation (Split-Screen) Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 31 System Overview NOTE: Contact Vertical Power for more information regarding the VPX Page. There are up to nine Main Pages that can be navigated using the FMS Joystick. The Traffic (TRF) Page can be displayed or removed from the Display Setup menu. Selecting a main page using the FMS Joystick: 1) If necessary, press the FMS Joystick to begin interaction with the Page Navigation Bar. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick until the desired page is selected (PFD (split-screen only), MAP, WPT, WX, TER, TRF (optional) XM, INFO, ENG). GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview MAIN PAGES Traffic Page (TRF) Map Page (MAP) XM Audio Page (XM) (optional) Waypoint Page (WPT) Vertical Power (VP-X) (optional) Weather Page (WX) (optional) Info Page (INFO) Terrain Page (TER) Engine Page (ENG) Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning • Main Pages PFD Page (PFD) (split-screen) 32 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Main Pages (Split-Screen) 33 Index Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Appendix 190-01115-00 Rev. P Annun/Alerts Displaying/Removing the Traffic Page: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Traffic Page field. System Overview System Overview 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Show’ or ‘Hide’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. Flight Instruments FLIGHT PLAN AND NEAREST PAGES EIS The Flight Plan and Nearest Pages are selected by pressing the FPL Key or NRST Key. CNS Interface Selecting the FPL or NRST pages: 1) Press the FPL or NRST Key. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick until the desired page is selected. 3) To return to the Main Pages, press the EXIT Softkey. GPS Navigation The Nearest Pages contain the following information. Flight Planning • APT (Airport)—identifier, bearing, distance, length of the longest runway, and common traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower frequency. Hazard Avoidance • WX (Airport Weather) (GDU 375 Only)—identifier, bearing, distance, METAR text, and ATIS, AWOS, or ASOS frequency. • VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Radio Beacon)—identifier, facility type (symbol), bearing, distance, and frequency. Additional Features • NDB (Non Directional Beacons)—identifier, facility, type (symbol), bearing, distance, and frequency. • INT (Intersection)—identifier, bearing, and distance. AFCS • VRP (Visual Reporting Point) (Atlantic)—identifier, bearing, and distance. Annun/Alerts • USR (User Waypoints)—name, bearing, and distance. • CTY (City)—name, bearing, and distance. • ATC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)—bearing, distance, and frequency. Appendix • FSS (Flight Service Station)—name, bearing, distance, frequency, and VOR (if applicable). Index • ASPC (Airspace)—name, time to entry (when applicable), and status. 34 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Nearest User Waypoints (USR) Nearest Airport Weather (WX) (GDU 375) Nearest Cities (CTY) Nearest VORs (VOR) Nearest ARTCC (ATC) Nearest NDBs (NDB) Nearest FSS (FSS) Nearest Intersections (INT) Nearest Airspace (ASPC) Flight Instruments Nearest Airports (APT) System Overview • Nearest Pages (NRST) EIS Visual Reporting Point (VRP) (Atlantic) CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Nearest Pages (Split-Screen) Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 35 System Overview System Overview • Flight Planning Pages (FPL) Active Flight Plan (ACTV) Vertical Navigation (VNAV) Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments Flight Plan List (LIST) (only available from the MFD in two display system) MAIN PAGE SOFTKEYS The softkeys are located along the bottom of the display(s). The softkeys shown depend on the softkey level or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. When a softkey is selected, its color undergoes a momentary change to black text on blue background then automatically switches to black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned off, at which time it reverts to white text on black background. When a softkey function is disabled, the softkey label is subdued (dimmed). Softkey On Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning Pages (Split-Screen) Softkey Names (Displayed) Bezel Mounted Softkeys (Press) Softkeys (WPT Page) 36 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview PFD SOFTKEYS OBS CRS or HDG LOC CRS or CRS Flight Instruments VOR CRS or CDI SRC BARO ALT EIS Allows the pilot to adjust the heading bug CRS (subdued) A navigation source is not selected CNS Interface HDG or Allows the pilot to adjust the OBS course GPS Navigation OBS CRS or Allows the pilot to adjust the VOR course Flight Planning VOR CRS or CDI SRC Toggles between available NAV sources (when configured) BARO Allows the pilot to change the barometric setting and enables the second-level BARO Softkeys Allows the pilot to adjust the selected altitude ALT Additional Features Allows the pilot to adjust the localizer course Hazard Avoidance LOC CRS BARO AFCS 190-01115-00 Rev. P Allows the pilot to set or clear the barometric minimums altitude reminder Allows the pilot to change the barometric setting Returns to top-level softkeys Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 37 Index BARO BACK BACK Appendix MINIMUMS BARO XX GAL Annun/Alerts MINIMUMS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Optional Transponder Softkey With a remote transponder configured, the #2 PFD Softkey becomes XPDR (if a navigation source is not selected) or XPDR/CRS (when the pilot can control the navigation course). XPDR or CNS Interface OBS CRS or GPS Navigation EIS XPDR/CRS LOC CRS or VOR CRS or CRS CODE MODE BACK STBY / GND ON ALT SET ID BACK CODE VFR BACK Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning IDENT Additional Features IDENT AFCS IDENT CRS (subdued) Sends a distinct identity indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). A navigation source is not selected Annun/Alerts or OBS CRS Allows the pilot to adjust the OBS course or Appendix VOR CRS Allows the pilot to adjust the VOR course Index or 38 LOC CRS Allows the pilot to adjust the localizer course CODE Allows the pilot to enter the transponder code and displays the second-level CODE softkeys Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Displays second-level MODE softkeys BACK Returns to top-level softkeys System Overview MODE IDENT CODE STBY Annun/Alerts Optional Integrated Autopilot Interface Softkeys AFCS BACK Additional Features SET ID Hazard Avoidance ALT Flight Planning ON Selects the standby mode. When in standby mode, the remote transponder will not reply to any interrogations. Press and hold to put the transponder in Ground (GND) Mode. Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground. Generates Mode A and Mode S replies, but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. Selects ALT Mode. All transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure altitude information. Allows the pilot to set the Flight ID. (The Flight ID must be configured to ‘Set By Pilot’ for the SET ID softkey to be displayed). Returns to previous level softkeys GPS Navigation MODE Softkey selected CNS Interface BACK or DONE The pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field of the Transponder Data Box. Pressing the VFR softkey again restores the previous identification code. Returns to top-level softkeys EIS VFR Sends a distinct identity indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). Returns to top-level softkeys Flight Instruments CODE Softkey selected With an autopilot configured, the #1 PFD Softkey becomes HDG/ROLL and the #5 PFD Softkey becomes ALT/PTCH. Appendix NOTE: Optional Integrated Autopilot Interface Softkeys are not available when a GMC 305/307 is operating as part of the AFCS system. Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 39 System Overview ALT/PTCH Flight Instruments System Overview HDG/ROLL AP HDG AP NAV ALT/PTCH EIS HDG/ROLL CNS Interface (AP APPR) GPS Navigation HDG/ROLL AP VNAV AP VS AP ALT ALT/PTCH HDG/ROLL Softkey selected Flight Planning HDG/ROLL AP HDG Additional Features Hazard Avoidance AP NAV AFCS ALT/PTCH Initial press allows the pilot to adjust the heading bug and displays lateral mode softkeys; subsequent press returns to top-level softkeys Selects/deselects heading mode Selects/deselects navigation mode. Cancels GS Mode if LOC Mode is either active or armed. Cancels GP Mode if GPS Mode is either active or armed. Cancels LOC Mode if GPS Mode is active and LOC Mode is armed. Initial press allows the pilot to adjust the selected altitude and displays the vertical mode softkeys; subsequent press returns to top-level softkeys ALT/PTCH Softkey selected Annun/Alerts HDG/ROLL Appendix AP VNAV Initial press allows the pilot to adjust the heading bug and displays lateral mode softkeys; subsequent press returns to top-level softkeys Selects/deselects vertical navigation Index or 40 AP APPR AP VS Selects/deselects approach mode Selects/deselects vertical speed mode AP ALT Selects/deselects altitude hold mode Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Initial press allows the pilot to adjust the selected altitude and displays the vertical mode softkeys; subsequent press returns to top-level softkeys TERRAIN MAP Flight Instruments MAP PAGE SOFTKEYS System Overview ALT/PTCH WEATHER TRAFFIC EIS TERRAIN Displays/removes terrain awareness information WEATHER Displays/removes weather information TRAFFIC Displays/removes traffic information GPS Navigation Enables second-level Map Page softkeys CNS Interface MAP Flight Planning MAP IFR MAP TOPO SAT VIEW BACK VFR MAP IFR MAP LOW AWY HIGH AWY BACK Additional Features VFR MAP Hazard Avoidance Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys. AFCS Annun/Alerts VFR MAP Softkey selected Displays IFR map information and softkeys TOPO SAT VIEW Displays/removes topographical terrain shading Displays/removes satellite imagery (above 20nm scale) BACK Returns to top-level softkeys Appendix IFR MAP Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 41 System Overview Flight Instruments System Overview IFR MAP Softkey selected VFR MAP Displays VFR map information and softkeys LOW AWY Low Altitude (Victor) Airways displayed HIGH AWY High Altitude Airways (Jet Routes) displayed BACK Returns to top-level softkeys EIS WAYPOINT PAGE SOFTKEYS (DIRECTORY) CNS Interface INFO RUNWAY CHART AOPA WEATHER GPS Navigation Waypoint (WPT) Page Softkeys (Split-Screen) (DIRECTORY) Flight Planning INFO CHART AOPA WEATHER Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Waypoint (WPT) Page Softkeys (Full-Screen) INFO Displays waypoint information RUNWAY Displays runway information (split-screen only) CHART Displays optional FliteCharts AOPA or DIRECTORY Displays airport directory information WEATHER Displays METAR and TAF text (optional) WEATHER PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL) Index Appendix PAN MAP 42 SETUP ANIMATE INFO LEGEND PAN MAP Activates the map pointer for panning the map SETUP Select the weather source (XM or FIS-B). Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys. System Overview VFR MAP IFR MAP TOPO SAT VIEW BACK Animates NEXRAD Radar and Satellite Mosaic weather INFO Displays XM Information LEGEND Displays weather legends IFR MAP LOW AWY HIGH AWY BACK Flight Instruments VFR MAP TERRAIN PAGE SOFTKEYS Terrain (TER)ANIMATE Page Softkeys (Split-Screen) SETTINGS CATEGORY CHANNEL LEGEND GPS Navigation INFO WEATHER DISABLE CNS Interface PAN MAP AOPA EIS CHART APPRCH INFO PROFILE SETTINGS MAP DISABLE PRESETS VOLUME Flight Planning Terrain (TER) Page Softkeys (Full-Screen) VOLUME Displays the Terrain Page Map View PROFILE Displays the Terrain Page Profile View. SETTINGS Displays the Terrain Setup Page return to the top-level softkeys. Hazard Avoidance MAP System Overview ANIMATE Press the BACK Softkey to Toggles alerts on/off. VOL - terrain VOL + MUTE Additional Features DISABLE BACK TRAFFIC PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL GDL 39 OR GTS 800) ALT MODE DISABLE BELOW NORMAL ABOVE UNREST BACK INFO STATIONS SETUP EXIT Appendix FLT ID Annun/Alerts TREND AFCS INFO Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 43 Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview INFO Select to view Data Link and Weather info TREND Displays TargetTrend™ traffic vectors (GDL 39 only). FLT ID ALT MODE Displays FLT ID information. Select to set altitude mode. DISABLE Temporally disables traffic alerts EIS ALT MODE Softkey selected CNS Interface BELOW Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during descent phase of flight. Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during enroute phase of flight. Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet above the aircraft. Typically used during enroute phase of flight. (Unrestricted): All traffic is displayed. GPS Navigation NORMAL Flight Planning ABOVE UNREST Hazard Avoidance INFO Softkey selected Additional Features INFO Displays Device, status, GPS position, pressure altitude, ground uplink signal, TIS-B uplink signal, and air-to-air traffic information. Displays weather product status. WEATHER AFCS XM AUDIO PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL) Index Appendix Annun/Alerts INFO 44 CATEGORY CHANNEL FAVORITE VOLUME INFO Displays XM Information CATEGORY Highlights the Category field CHANNEL Highlights the Channels field FAVORITE Displays a list of favorite channels Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Enables second-level VOLUME softkeys Press and hold to toggle Mute on/off. System Overview VOLUME Flight Instruments VOLUME EIS Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys. VOL + BACK MUTE VOL + Increases XM audio volume MUTE Toggles XM audio on/off BACK Returns to top-level softkeys Flight Planning Decreases XM audio volume GPS Navigation VOL - CNS Interface VOL - Hazard Avoidance INFO PAGE SOFTKEY Displays system status messages AFCS MESSAGES Additional Features MESSAGES Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 45 System Overview System Overview VP-X PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL) EIS Flight Instruments SYS VIEW XXXX ON OFF AUTO RESET CNS Interface Vertical Power (VPX) Softkeys (Split-Screen) TRIM UP XXXX TRIM DN XXXX GPS Navigation SYS VIEW XXXX ON TRIM L OFF TRIM R AUTO RESET Flight Planning XXXX Additional Features SYS VIEW Hazard Avoidance Vertical Power (VPX) Softkeys (Full-Screen) XXXX AFCS AUTO Annun/Alerts RESET TRIM UP TRIM DN FLAPS DN FLAPS UP SYS VIEW is only available on a Split-Screen installation and toggles between a list of configured devices and the schematic showing the connected devices. TRIM L TRIM R RESET Device Sensitive Softkey (e.g., ‘ON’,FLAPS ‘TRIMDNUP’, ‘TRIM L’, or ‘FLAPS UP’) Device Sensitive Softkey (e.g., ‘OFF’, ‘TRIM DN’, ‘TRIM FLAPS DN FLAPS UP AUTO FLAPS DN R’, or ‘FLAPS DN’) Only appears when the landing light is selected and it has been configured for ‘wig-wag’. RESET FLAPS DN Only available when the selected device is in a fault condition. Select RESET to reset the device, similar to resetting a circuit breaker. AUTO FLAPS DN Appendix ENG PAGE SOFTKEYS (EXAMPLE CONFIGURATION) Index 46 NOTE: The Engine (ENG) Page softkeys displayed are dependant on the configuration. Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for information on configuring the Engine Page. Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview (optional) (optional) XXXX (optional) (optional) XXXX LEAN Flight Instruments XXXX System Overview If the Engine Page information configured exceeds one page, additional engine gauges may be distributed among the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd softkeys as required. FUEL Displays main engine gauges (optional) AUX, AUX1, AUX2, ELEC, TRIM, TEMPS LEAN Displays additional engine gauges as required (optional) Activates/deactivates Lean Assist (optional) FUEL Displays Fuel Calculator (optional) EIS MAIN, TEMPS CNS Interface GPS Navigation (optional) FUEL Flight Planning XX GAL (optional) XX GAL XX GAL Hazard Avoidance RESET (optional) FUEL Additional Features RESET 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 47 Index FUEL Appendix XX GAL Annun/Alerts XX GAL AFCS XX GAL Resets fuel used to zero and fuel remaining to full tanks Sets fuel remaining to the full tank quantity where XX is the airframe specific full fuel quantity Sets fuel remaining to a partial tank quantity (i.e., filler neck tab) where XX is an airframe specific partial fuel quantity (optional) Sets fuel remaining to a partial tank quantity (i.e., filler neck tab) where XX is an airframe specific partial fuel quantity (optional) Returns to top-level softkeys System Overview System Overview FLIGHT PLANNING SOFTKEYS Flight Instruments ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN PAGE SOFTKEYS CNS Interface EIS USE MAP INTERNAL EXTERNAL EXIT USE MAP Activates the Map Pointer SEL APPR Displays the Select Approach Window INTERNAL (Optional) Allows the pilot to select the internal GPS flight plan source. (Optional) Allows the pilot to select the external GPS flight plan source. Exits the Flight Plan Pages EXTERNAL GPS Navigation SEL APPR EXIT Flight Planning FLIGHT PLAN LIST PAGE SOFTKEYS NEW IMPORT EXPORT EXIT Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance ACTIVATE ACTIVATE Displays the ‘Activate Flight Plan?’ Window NEW Displays the ‘New Flight Plan’ Window IMPORT Displays the available flight plans to import from the SD Card EXPORT Exports the selected flight plan EXIT Exits the Flight Plan Pages VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) PAGE SOFTKEYS Index Appendix CAPTURE 48 CAPTURE Captures/cancels VNAV profile EXIT Exits the Flight Plan Pages Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide EXIT 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview NEAREST PAGE SOFTKEYS NEAREST AIRPORT PAGE SOFTKEYS HELIPORT Flight Instruments PRIVATE EXIT EIS Displays/removes the nearest private airports HELIPORT Displays/removes the nearest heliports EXIT Exits the Nearest Pages CNS Interface PRIVATE Various softkeys revert to the previous level after 45 seconds of inactivity (e.g., PAN MAP, VOLUME, etc), other softkeys require manual de-selection (e.g., TERRAIN, WEATHER, PANEL, etc.). GPS Navigation 1.8 ACCESSING THE INFORMATION (INFO) PAGE Flight Planning NOTE: Refer to Section 10.2 for the INFO Page System Status Messages. AFCS NOTE: A System Status Message and the word ‘External’ appearing next to the GPS Status indicates that the display connected to the GPS antenna is unavailable and the remaining display(s) are using the external GPS navigator for 2D GPS position data. In this case, the data collected from the external navigator is not considered a sufficient source of GPS data by the GSU 73 AHRS. Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 49 VIEWING GPS RECEIVER STATUS Internal system checking is performed to ensure the GPS receiver is providing accurate data to the GDU(s). The G3X GDUs can be configured to share GPS information (refer to the G3X Installation Manual for configuration information). For example, a GDU can be configured to share its GPS position, velocity, and time data with another GDU. If a GDU is not using its own GPS receiver, the name of the GDU providing the data (i.e., ‘3D GPS Location (PFD)’ or ‘3D GPS Location (MFD)’) is displayed following the GPS Status text on the INFO Page. The GPS Status will display one of the following conditions: • Autolocate—Receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected, which can take up to 5 minutes GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Flight Planning Additional Features • Lost Satellite Reception—the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix GPS Status, Position, and Data Fields (full-screen only) can be accessed from the Information Page. Index Appendix • 3D GPS Location—At least four satellites have been acquired and a threedimensional fix has been calculated. “3D Differential” appears when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode AFCS • 2D GPS Location—At least three satellites have been acquired and a twodimensional location fix has been calculated. “2D Differential” appears when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode Annun/Alerts • Acquiring Satellites—Receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites visible at its last known or initialized location, but has not acquired a fix Hazard Avoidance • Searching the Sky—Receiver is looking for satellites 50 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface INFO Page (Split-Screen) GPS Navigation Data Fields Flight Planning Receiver Status PRN Number Signal Strength Bars Hazard Avoidance Constellation Diagram Additional Features 45° Above Horizon Horizon Reference Waypoint AFCS 2) Turn the FMS Joystick until the Info Page is selected. Appendix Viewing GPS receiver status information: 1) If necessary press the FMS Joystick to begin interaction with the Navigation Bar. Annun/Alerts INFO Page (Full Screen) Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 51 NEW LOCATION The ‘New Location’ menu option on the INFO Page is used when the GPS Receiver is having trouble finding the satellites it expects to be there. Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Entering a new location: EIS 1) From the INFO Page, while the unit is searching for satellites, press the MENU Key. 2) With ‘New Location’ menu option highlighted, press the INFO Key. CNS Interface 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Use Map’ or ‘Use Identifier’, and press the ENT Key. GPS Navigation 4) After selecting your approximate position using the map pointer or entering an identifier, press the ENT Key. 5) The GPS Receiver will begin a new search based on the location entered. When the receiver is in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously from the satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be in view. “Acquiring Satellites” is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired for computing a solution. When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential GPS solution, “3D GPS Location” is indicated as the solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition. SATELLITE INFORMATION Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a satellite constellation diagram. The outer circle of the constellation diagram represents the horizon, the inner circle represents 45° above the horizon, and the center point shows the position directly overhead. Each satellite is represented by a square containing the Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite identification number). Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning ACQUIRING SATELLITES 52 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features Reference Waypoint EIS The Position box on the INFO Page displays latitude, longitude, accuracy (in feet), reference waypoint, type, distance, direction, and bearing. The reference waypoint is designed to display the current position in relation to a prominent landmark. The pilot can change the reference waypoint ‘Nearest Type’ using the ‘Change Nearest Type’ page menu option. By default the Nearest Type is set to ‘Automatic’, which will display the nearest large airport, enroute VOR, or city (in that order). Flight Instruments POSITION System Overview The INFO Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to poor satellite coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 33-64 for WAAS) below each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar appearance: - No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite - Gray bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can be used - Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution AFCS Position Information on INFO Page (Split-Screen) Annun/Alerts Appendix Changing the Nearest Type: 1) From the Info Page press the MENU Key. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Change Nearest Type’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired nearest type option (Automatic, Airport, VOR, NDB, Intersection, City, Waypoint), and press the ENT Key. Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 53 CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Nearest Type Menu SHOW/HIDE LAT/LON ON THE INFO PAGE If the Location Format selected on the Position Setup Page (refer to Appendix D, Map Datum and Location Formats) is not set to a Lat/Lon format, a new menu option ‘Show/Hide Lat/Lon’ will appear on the INFO Page. Selecting ‘Show Lat/Lon’ allows simultaneous display of the current position in both the selected location format as well as Lat/Lon format. DATA FIELDS AND LAYOUT (FULL-SCREEN MFD) The page layout and Data Fields of the full-screen Info Page can be independently configured by the user. Refer to the Annunciations and Alerts Section for a list of available Info Page Data Field options. AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation INFO Page Menu Index Appendix Annun/Alerts Changing the Info Page Data Fields (Full-Screen): 1) From the Info Page press the MENU Key. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed on the first Data Field. 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired Data Field. 4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of available Data Field options. 5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired Data Field, and 54 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview press the ENT Key. Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface INFO Page Menu Data Field Options GPS Navigation Flight Planning Changing the Info Page layout: 1) From the Info Page press the MENU Key. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Select Page Layout’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired page layout option (1 Row, 2 Rows, 3 Rows), and press the ENT Key. Hazard Avoidance 1.9 SYSTEM SETTINGS • Data Bar Fields • Date & Time • Display • Position • Sound • Alarms Annun/Alerts • Units AFCS • Transponder (optional) Additional Features The System Setup option in the Main Menu allows management of the following system parameters: Appendix Index System Setup Menu (Split-Screen) 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 55 System Overview TRANSPONDER If configured to ‘Set By Pilot’ in configuration mode, (refer to the Installation Manual for configuration information) the pilot can change the Flight ID and enable/disable ADS-B Transmit from the Transponder Setup Page. Setting the Flight ID: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Transponder’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Flight ID’ Field. 5) Use the FMS Joystick to enter the desired Flight ID and press the ENT Key. Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Restoring system setting defaults: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option (Data Bar Fields, Display, Date & Time, Position, or Alarms), and press the ENT Key. 4) Press the MENU Key. 5) With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted press the ENT Key. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Enabling/disabling ADS-B Transmit: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Transponder’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘ADS-B Transmit’ Field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enabled’ or ‘Disabled’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. 56 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Data Bar EIS The content of the four data bar fields are independently configured by the user. The full-screen MFD and PFD Data Bar Fields are independently configured from each display. Flight Instruments DATA BAR FIELDS System Overview Transponder Ground Test: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Transponder’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Ground Maint Test’ Field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enabled’ or ‘Disabled’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. Hazard Avoidance Data Bar (Split-Screen) Additional Features Data Bar Fields AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Data Bar Setup Page (Split-Screen) Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 57 By default, the split-screen PFD Page data bar fields and the full-screen PFD data bar fields are set to display Next Waypoint (WPT), Bearing to Waypoint (BRG), Distance to Waypoint (DIS), and Estimated Time Enroute (ETE). The full-screen MFD data bar fields default to Ground Speed (GS), Ground Track (TRK), Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA), and Vertical Speed Required (VSR). These four data fields can be changed to display any of the Data Bar Field Options. Refer to the Annunciations and Alerts Section for a list of available Data Bar Field options. EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview ADDITIONAL DATA BAR INFORMATION If more than one GPS Navigator is configured, the active GPS Navigator is displayed in magenta in the upper left corner of the Data Bar. Data Fields Using External Navigator 1 (GPS1) AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface Changing the information shown in the data bar fields: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) With ‘Data Bar Fields’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired ‘Field’. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the list of options, then turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired option and press the ENT Key. 6) To restore defaults, press the MENU Key. With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. ‘INT’ is displayed in cyan and ‘GPS’ is displayed in magenta in the upper left corner of the Data Bar when one or more GPS Navigators are configured and the pilot elects to use the internal GPS navigation source. Using Internal GPS Flight Plan Index Appendix Annun/Alerts Data Bar (GPS1) Internal Flight Plan Indication 58 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview Flight Instruments External GPS Failure. Reverted to Internal GPS System Overview ‘REV’ is displayed in yellow and ‘GPS’ is displayed in magenta in the upper left corner of the Data Bar when all external GPS navigation sources fail. External GPS Navigation Failure EIS DISPLAY CNS Interface GPS Navigation The Backlight Intensity (display brightness) can be set to ‘Auto’ or ‘Manual’. ‘Auto’ sets the Backlight Intensity based on the aircraft’s instrument lighting bus voltage. With ‘Manual’ selected, the pilot can manually adjust the desired backlight intensity (1-10). After each power cycle the Backlight Intensity is set to the default, which is configurable. Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information. Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance ‘EIS Display Location’ Menu Option Additional Features Display Setup Page Index 59 Appendix Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Annun/Alerts 190-01115-00 Rev. P AFCS Adjusting backlight intensity: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Auto’. Or: a) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Manual’. b) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired Backlight Intensity (1-10). 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. COLOR MODE The Color Mode setting is used to adjust the color brightness used on the map and synthetic vision display for day or night use. Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Adjusting the color mode: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Color Mode field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Day’, ‘Night’, or ‘Auto’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. EIS DISPLAY LOCATION (OPTIONAL) In Configuration Mode the ‘EIS Display Location’ setting can be set to one of the following: Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning Setting the Startup Page 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Startup Page field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired Startup Page. • AUTO—Displays the EIS Strip on the MFD, or on the PFD1 (and PFD2 if applicable) if the MFD is not displayed. Index Appendix • PFD—Always displays the EIS Strip on PFD1 (and PFD2 if applicable). • User Selected—Enables the user to choose between ‘AUTO’ and ‘PFD’ via the Display Setup menu. For more information on how to enable the ‘EIS Display Location’ setting in Configuration Mode refer to the G3X Installation Manual. 60 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments ‘EIS Display Location’ Menu Option EIS Display Setup Page AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Additional Features 190-01115-00 Rev. P Hazard Avoidance Saving a Screenshot: 1) With screenshots enabled (see above), navigate to the desired screen. 2) Press and hold the MENU Key until the screen flashes indicating the screenshot was saved to the SD Card. Flight Planning Enabling/disabling screenshots: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Screenshot field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enabled’ or ‘Disabled’. GPS Navigation SCREENSHOT CNS Interface Changing the EIS display location: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the EIS Display Location field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Auto’ or ‘PFD’. 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. 61 SOUND The pilot can manually adjust the desired XM Volume (0-10), Message Volume (Off or 1-10), Altitude Alert (On/Off), and Minimums Alert (On/Off). Message Volume controls the banner message tones (e.g., “Approaching Airspace” or “Arriving at Waypoint”). Alert Volume (e.g., terrain, traffic, autopilot, etc.) is set in configuration mode (refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information). Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview Sound Setup Page (Split-Screen) Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Adjusting XM and/or Message Volume: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field (XM Volume or Message Volume), and select the desired volume by turning the FMS Joystick. 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. 62 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. Turning the minimums alert tone on/off: NOTE: Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information regarding the Minimums Alert Tone. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Minimums Alert field, and select ‘On/Off’ by turning the FMS Joystick. Additional Features Enable/disable the ‘Traffic Not Available’ audio alert: NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance section for more information regarding the ‘Traffic Not Available’ audio alert. AFCS Hazard Avoidance 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. Flight Planning 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. GPS Navigation CNS Interface 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Altitude Alert field, and select ‘On/ Off’ by turning the FMS Joystick. EIS 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. Flight Instruments NOTE: Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information regarding the Altitude Alert Tone. System Overview Turning the altitude alert tone on/off: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. Appendix 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Traffic N/A Alert field. 5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘On’ or ‘Off’. Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 63 Index 6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Annun/Alerts 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. System Overview System Overview UNITS Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments Changing unit settings: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Units’ and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired unit by turning the FMS Joystick. 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. Units Setup Page (Split-Screen) Hazard Avoidance DATE & TIME Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Changing date & time settings: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Date & Time’ and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired option by turning the FMS Joystick. 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. 64 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface Date & Time Setup Page (Split-Screen) GPS Navigation POSITION NOTE: ‘Heading’ and ‘Mag. Variation’ settings always display magnetic heading and have no effect on the HSI or Heading Tape since they are driven by the magnetometer data. Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Changing position settings: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Position’ and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired option by turning the FMS Joystick. 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to remove the menu. Hazard Avoidance NOTE: Refer to Appendix D for more information on Map Datums and Location Formats. Flight Planning Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 65 Flight Instruments System Overview System Overview ALARMS The Alarms Page allows the pilot to turn airspace alarms On/Off, set an Altitude Buffer, Arrival Alarm, Next Waypoint Alarm, Proximity Alarm, and Fuel Tank Reminder Alarm. GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Position Setup Page (Split-Screen) Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning Changing alarm settings: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’, and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Alarms’ and press the ENT Key. Pressing the AIRSPACE Softkey displays the Airspace Alarms Page. Pressing the NAV Softkey displays the Arrival Alarm, Next Waypoint Alarm, Proximity Alarm, and Fuel Tank Reminder (Split-Screen Only). 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired option by turning the FMS Joystick. FUEL TANK REMINDER ALARM AND FUEL TANK TIMER The ‘Fuel Tank’ Reminder alarm is used a a reminder to switch fuel tanks. The reminder message repeats at the specified interval after the beginning of each trip. The Fuel Tank Timer (FUEL TIMER) data field option is the elapsed time since the ‘Fuel Tank’ Reminder alarm was last issued (HH:MM). Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to remove the menu. 66 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P System Overview System Overview Flight Instruments EIS Airspace Alarms (Split-Screen) CNS Interface GPS Navigation Flight Planning Nav Alarms (Split-Screen) Alarms (Full-Screen MFD) Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 67 Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Appendix • Include Private Airports: Allows the pilot include Private Airports in the search criteria. Annun/Alerts • Minimum Runway Length: Allows the pilot to enter a specific length for the shortest runway allowed. AFCS • Runway Surface: Allows the pilot to set criteria for the type of surface on the runway. –– Any: Shows any runway, regardless of surface type, including water landing facilities. –– Hard Only: Shows only runways with a concrete, asphalt, or similar sealed surface. –– Hard or Soft: Shows all runways except water landing facilities. –– Water Only: Shows only water landing facilities. Additional Features The Page Menu on the Nearest Airports Page allows the pilot to filter out airports that do not meet a defined criteria. Specific surface types and runway lengths can be defined, as well as the option to include private airports and/or heliports. Hazard Avoidance AIRPORT CRITERIA System Overview CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Entering airport criteria: 1) Press the NRST Key. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airports Page. 3) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu. 4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Airport Criteria’, and then press the ENT Key. The Airport Criteria Window appears with the current settings. GPS Navigation Nearest Airports Page Menu Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning 5) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field and turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired option from the menu. Press the ENT Key if necessary to highlight the next field. AFCS Airport Criteria Window 6) With ‘Done’ highlighted press the ENT Key. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts Restoring airport criteria defaults: 1) Press the NRST Key. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airports Page. 3) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu. 4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Airport Criteria’, and then press the ENT Key. A window appears with the current settings. 5) Press the MENU Key. 6) With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted press the ENT Key. 68 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS NOTE: Refer to Section 9 for Autopilot information. EIS Flight Instruments 2.1 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS GPS Navigation The split-screen display has a PFD that occupies the top portion of the display at all times. Select the PFD Page in order to view the Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI), Outside Air Temperature (OAT), System Time, selected course, and selected heading. CNS Interface Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments on the panel with an easy-to-scan Primary Flight Display (PFD) that features a horizon, airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, heading, and course deviation information. Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts PFD Page (Split-Screen) PFD (Full Screen) Selecting the PFD Page (split-screen): Appendix 1) Press the FMS Joystick if necessary to begin interaction with the Page Navigation Bar. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the PFD Page. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 69 Index The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on the PFD and/or PFD Page (split-screen). Flight Instruments System Overview 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 1 36 Flight Instruments 2 35 3 34 4 33 CNS Interface EIS 5 6 32 7 31 8 30 GPS Navigation 9 Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning 10 11 29 12 28 13 27 14 26 15 16 Additional Features 17 18 AFCS 19 20 25 Annun/Alerts 21 23 24 Index Appendix 22 70 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments Airspeed Indicator 25 Bearing 2 Information Window 4 Attitude Indicator 26 Bearing Pointer 5 Pathways 27 Selected Heading Bug (HSI) 6 Flight Path Marker 28 Selected Course 7 Angle of Attack (AOA) 29 Altimeter Barometric Setting 8 Pitch Scale 30 Current Vertical Speed 9 Vspeed Reference 31 Aircraft Symbol 10 Slip/Skid Indicator 32 Flight Director 11 True Airspeed (TAS) 33 Glideslope Indicator 12 Lateral Deviation Scale & Course Deviation 34 Current Vertical Speed 13 Selected Heading 35 Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) 14 Current Track Indicator 36 Reference Altitude 15 Wind Data (Speed & Direction) 37 Selected Altitude Bug 16 Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) 38 Turn Rate Indicator 17 Trim Indicator 39 Zero Pitch Line 18 Flap Indicator 40 Current Track Indicator (Heading Strip) 19 Navigation Source 41 Current Heading 20 Bearing 1 Information Window 42 Selected Heading Bug 21 Outside Air Temperature (OAT) 43 Turn Rate Indicator 22 Transponder Code 44 Autopilot Status Box AFCS 3 Additional Features System Time Hazard Avoidance 24 Flight Planning Ground Speed (GS) GPS Navigation 2 CNS Interface Transponder Mode EIS 23 Flight Instruments Heading Strip System Overview 1 Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 71 Flight Instruments Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview AIRSPEED INDICATOR NOTE: The G3X Vspeed Reference values and Flaps Tick Mark values depend upon the aircraft’s specific system configuration and may vary from the examples discussed in this section. The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a rolling number gauge using a moving tape. The true airspeed (TAS) is displayed in knots below the Airspeed Indicator. The numeric labels and major tick marks on the moving tape are marked at intervals of 10 knots. Speed indication starts at 30 knots, with 60 knots of airspeed viewable at any time. The actual airspeed is displayed inside the black pointer. The pointer remains black until reaching never-exceed speed (VNE), at which point it turns red. A color-coded (red, white, green, yellow, and red/white “barber pole”) speed range strip is located on the moving tape. The colors denote flaps operating range, normal operating range, caution range, and never-exceed speed (VNE). A red range is also present for low speed awareness. The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical, magenta line, extending up or down on the airspeed scale, shown to the right of the color-coded speed range strip. The end of the trend vector corresponds to the predicted airspeed in 6 seconds if the current rate of acceleration is maintained. If the trend vector crosses VNE, the text of the actual airspeed readout changes to yellow. The trend vector is absent if the speed remains constant or if any data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to a system failure. AFCS Ground Speed Annun/Alerts Airspeed Reference Bug Airspeed Trend Vector Actual Airspeed Appendix Vspeed References Airspeed Color Ranges Index True Airspeed Airspeed Indicator 72 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments EIS VNE Flight Instruments The airspeed indicator can optionally be configured to display VNE adjusted for true airspeed. This is useful in aircraft where true airspeed (instead of indicated airspeed) must be kept below VNE. Using TAS instead of IAS causes VNE to be reduced at high altitudes. If configured, the G3X can calculate and display this reduction in VNE. A solid red band is used between the TAS adjusted VNE and the actual indicated value for VNE. System Overview VNE ADJUSTED FOR TRUE AIRSPEED (OPTIONAL) CNS Interface GPS Navigation IAS is below Vne but TAS is above Vne Vne Adjusted for TAS Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Vne Adjusted for True Airspeed Annun/Alerts When airspeed is present, the Vspeeds configured are also displayed at their respective locations to the right of the airspeed scale, otherwise the Vspeeds are displayed at the bottom of the airspeed indicator. AFCS Vspeed references including VNE, Vno, Vso, Vs1, Vfe, Va, Vx, Vy, VYse, Vg, Vr, as well as several custom Vspeeds can be configured from the Aircraft Configuration Page, refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information. Additional Features VSPEED REFERENCE Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 73 System Overview Flight Instruments Flight Instruments Vspeed References EIS Vspeed References Vspeed References (without airspeed) ATTITUDE INDICATOR Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a white horizon line. The Attitude Indicator displays the pitch (indicated by the yellow symbolic aircraft on the pitch scale), roll, and slip/skid information. The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Pitch markings occur at 2.5˚ intervals through all pitch ranges. The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚ and 60˚ and minor tick marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position of the pointer on the roll scale. Slip/skid is indicated by the location of the ball. Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface Vspeed References (with airspeed) 9 AFCS 1 8 2 Annun/Alerts 7 3 Appendix 4 6 Index 5 1 Roll Pointer 2 Roll Scale 3 Horizon Line 4 Aircraft Symbol 5 Slip/Skid Indicator 6 Land Representation 7 Pitch Scale 8 Sky Representation 9 Roll Scale Zero Attitude Indicator 74 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments 2 8 2 Roll Scale 7 3 Horizon Line 4 Aircraft Symbol 5 Slip/Skid Indicator 6 Land Representation 7 Pitch Scale 8 Sky Representation 9 Roll Scale Zero 3 10 4 6 Attitude Indicator W/AFCS and SVX 10 Flight Director Command Bars GPS Navigation 5 CNS Interface Roll Pointer EIS 1 Flight Instruments 1 System Overview 9 Flight Planning ALTIMETER Annun/Alerts Appendix Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Index Syncing to the current altitude: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the ALT (or ALT/PTCH if the Integrated Autopilot Interface is configured) Softkey. 2) Press and hold the FMS Joystick. The current altitude is now displayed as the Selected Altitude. 190-01115-00 Rev. P AFCS Setting the selected altitude: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the ALT (or ALT/PTCH if the Integrated Autopilot Interface is configured) Softkey. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to set the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments. Additional Features The Selected Altitude is displayed above the Altimeter in the box indicated by a selection bug symbol. A bug corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape; if the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the tape, the bug appears at the corresponding edge of the tape. Hazard Avoidance The Altimeter displays 400 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a rolling number gauge using a moving tape. Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at intervals of 20 feet. The current altitude is displayed in the black pointer. 75 Flight Instruments Flight Instruments System Overview Selected Altitude Selected Altitude Bug GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Vertical Speed Indicator Barometric Setting BAROMETRIC PRESSURE The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the Altimeter in inches of mercury (in Hg) or hectopascals (hPa) when metric units are selected. Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the BARO Softkey to highlight the barometric pressure setting. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the desired barometric pressure setting and press the ENT Key. AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning Altimeter Index Appendix Annun/Alerts Syncing to the local barometric pressure setting: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the BARO Softkey. 2) While stationary on the ground, press and hold the FMS Joystick. 3) Verify indicated altitude matches local field elevation. 76 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments Yellow When Altitude Reached EIS Light Blue Within Range Flight Instruments For altitude awareness, a barometric Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision Height (DH) can be set by the user and is reset when the power is cycled. Once the user-defined altitude is within the range of the tape, a cyan bug appears at the reference altitude on the Altimeter. Once the aircraft reaches the user-defined MDA/ DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums Minimums”, is heard. System Overview BAROMETRIC MINIMUM ALERT CNS Interface Barometric Minimum Bug GPS Navigation Flight Planning Barometric Minimum Bug Hazard Avoidance Barometric Minimum Box Barometric Minimum Visual Annunciations AFCS Setting the barometric minimum alert bug: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the BARO Softkey. 2) Press the MINIMUMS Softkey. 3) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the desired alert altitude and press the ENT Key. Additional Features Barometric Minimum Box Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 77 Flight Instruments Flight Instruments System Overview Canceling the barometric minimum alert bug: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the BARO Softkey. 2) Press the MINIMUMS Softkey. 3) Press the CLR Key. ALTITUDE ALERTING The Altitude Alerting function provides the pilot with visual and aural alerts when approaching the Selected Altitude. Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, the Altitude Alerter is reset. The following will occur when approaching the Selected Altitude: • Passing within 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) flashes for 5 seconds and an aural tone is generated. Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Turning the minimums alert tone on/off: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Minimums Alert field, and select ‘On/Off’ by turning the FMS Joystick. AFCS • When the aircraft passes within 200 ft of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude flashes for 5 seconds and an aural tone is generated to indicate that the aircraft is approaching the selected altitude. Index Appendix Annun/Alerts • After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the pilot flies outside the deviation band (±200 Feet of the Selected Altitude), the Selected Altitude changes to yellow text on a black background, flashes for 5 seconds, and an aural tone is generated. 78 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Deviation of ±200 ft Flight Instruments EIS GPS Navigation Flight Planning Turning the altitude alert tone on/off: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key. 4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Altitude Alert field, and select ‘On/ Off’ by turning the FMS Joystick. CNS Interface Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciation Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 79 VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VSI) The Vertical Speed Indicator displays the aircraft vertical speed using a non-moving tape labeled at 500, 1000 and 2000 fpm with minor tick marks every 100 feet up to 1000 fpm. The current vertical speed is displayed using a white arrow along the tape. Selected Altitude EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments CNS Interface Current Vertical Speed Indicated Altitude Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation Altimeter Vertical Speed Indicator Additional Features VERTICAL DEVIATION INDICATOR AND VNAV INDICATOR Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS NOTE: An external navigator (i.e., SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver and/or the GTN or GNS Series Units) must be configured to receive glideslope and/or glidepath vertical deviation indications. GLIDESLOPE - ILS SOURCE The Vertical Deviation (Glideslope) Indicator (VDI) appears to the left of the altimeter whenever an ILS frequency is tuned in the active NAV field of an external navigator. A green diamond acts as the VDI Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a conventional indicator. If a localizer frequency is tuned and there is no glideslope signal, “NO GS” is annunciated. 80 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Vertical Deviation Source Flight Instruments Vertical Deviation Indicator EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation Vertical Deviation Indicator (Glideslope-ILS Source) GLIDEPATH - GPS SOURCE Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance The Vertical Deviation (Glidepath) Indicator (VDI) also appears to the left of the altimeter during a GPS approach. The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for GPS approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V, L/VNAV, LPV). The Glidepath Indicator appears on the G3X as a magenta diamond. If the approach type downgrades past the final approach fix (FAF), “NO GP” is annunciated. Additional Features Vertical Deviation Source AFCS Annun/Alerts Vertical Deviation Indicator Appendix 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Index Vertical Deviation Indicator (Glidepath-GPS Source) 81 VNAV INDICATOR An external navigation source is not required to receive VNAV indications. When the VNAV profile is defined, the pilot is informed of the progress by message alerts. A magenta chevron (VNAV Indicator) to the left of the altimeter on the Vertical Deviation Scale shows the VNAV profile, and a magenta chevron (Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI)) on the Vertical Speed Indicator indicates the required vertical speed to reach the target altitude. Refer to section 2.3 for more information. GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning VNAV Indicator Additional Features VNAV Indicator The Selected Heading is shown to the left of the HSI The light blue bug on the compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading. Index AFCS Annun/Alerts The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a heading-up orientation at the bottom of the page. Letters indicate the cardinal points and numeric labels occur every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor tick marks at 5˚ intervals. The current track is represented on the HSI by a magenta triangle and dashed line. The HSI also presents course deviation, bearing, and navigation source information. Appendix HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI) 82 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Adjusting the selected heading: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the HDG (or HDG/ROLL if the Integrated Autopilot Interface is configured) Softkey (if necessary). The Heading Box is highlighted. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired heading, and press the FMS Joystick. The Selected Course is shown to the right of the HSI. Flight Instruments CNS Interface GPS Navigation 11 EIS Syncing to the current heading: 1) From the PFD Page (one display) or PFD (two display), press the HDG (or HDG/ROLL if the Integrated Autopilot Interface is configured) Softkey (if necessary). 2) Press and hold the FMS Joystick. The current heading is now displayed as the Selected Heading. 10 Flight Planning 1 2 Hazard Avoidance 9 3 4 8 6 7 Additional Features 5 AFCS To/From Indicator 2 Current Track Indicator 8 Aircraft Symbol 3 Course Pointer 9 Lateral Deviation Scales 4 Navigation Source 10 Selected Heading Bug 5 Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) Rotating Compass Rose 11 Course Deviation & To/From Indicator 6 Index 7 Appendix Lubber Line Annun/Alerts 1 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 83 Flight Instruments System Overview HSI ANNUNCIATIONS NOTE: Some or all HSI annunciations may appear in the four quadrants of the G3X HSI depending on the external navigator(s) configured (i.e., SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver and/or the GTN or GNS Series Units). CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments LOI: Loss of GPS integrity. VFR: An external GPS source is configured but there is not enough guidance data for IFR use. REV: External Navigation Source failed. Reverted to internal VFR GPS for navigation. MSG: External navigation source has a pending message INT: The pilot has elected to use the internal GPS navigation source instead of the external GPS navigation source. Navigation Source: GPS or NAV (VOR, Localizer) LOI, VFR, REV, MSG, or INT VFR CDI scale Flight Phase VFR CDI Scales: 0.25nm, 1.25nm, 5.00nm Flight Phase (IFR): APR, TERM, ENR, OCN, LNAV, L/VNAV, LNAV+V, or LPV OBS HSI Annunciations Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation ‘1’ or ‘2’ will appear after the Navigation Source if more than one external navigation source is configured. BEARING POINTERS AND INFORMATION WINDOWS Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI for NAV (VOR, Localizer) and GPS sources as well as nearest airports. The bearing pointers are light blue and are single-line (Bearing Pointer 1) or double-line (Bearing Pointer 2). A pointer symbol is shown in the information windows to indicate the navigation source. The bearing pointers never override the CDI and are visually separated from the CDI by a white ring (shown when the bearing pointers are selected but not necessarily visible due to data unavailability). 84 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments • Pointer icon (single lined or double lined) • GPS-derived great circle distance to bearing source Hazard Avoidance Bearing Pointer 2 • GPS is the bearing source and an active waypoint is not selected Flight Planning • The NAV radio is not receiving the tuned VOR station GPS Navigation The bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and “NO DATA” is displayed in the information window if: CNS Interface If an external NAV radio is the bearing source and it is tuned to an ILS frequency, the bearing source and the bearing pointer are removed from the HSI and the frequency is replaced with “ILS”. If VLOC1 or VLOC2 is the bearing source and it is tuned to a VOR frequency, the frequency is replaced with the station identifier. If GPS is the bearing source, the active waypoint identifier is displayed in lieu of a frequency. EIS • Frequency (NAV) • Station/waypoint identifier (NAV, GPS) Flight Instruments • Bearing source (NAV, GPS) System Overview When a bearing pointer is displayed, its associated information window is also displayed. The Bearing Information Windows are displayed at the lower sides of the HSI. The following information may be displayed in the Bearing Information Windows: Bearing Pointer 1 Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix 190-01115-00 Rev. P Bearing 2 Information Window -Identifier -Distance HSI with Bearing Pointers Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Index Bearing 1 Information Window -Identifier -Bearing Source 85 Flight Instruments Flight Instruments System Overview Enabling/disabling the bearing pointer and changing sources: 1) From the full screen PFD and/or split screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired Bearing Pointer. 3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired source (dependant on the external navigators configured), or to remove the bearing pointer and information window, highlight ‘Off’. The HSI contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), with a Course Pointer, To/From Indicator, and a sliding deviation bar and scale. The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS1, VOR1, and LOC1) or a double line arrow (GPS2, VOR2, and LOC2) which points in the direction of the set course. The To/From arrow rotates with the course pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received. The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer along a lateral deviation scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not displayed. Another Lateral Deviation Scale and combination Course Deviation and To/From Indicator is located below the slip/skid indicator. Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR (CDI) Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Course Deviation & To/From Indicator Lateral Deviation Scale Lateral Deviation Scale The CDI is capable of displaying two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR, localizer) depending on the external navigator(s) configured (refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information). Color indicates the current navigation source: magenta (for GPS) or green (for VOR and LOC). The full-scale limits for the CDI are defined by a GPS-derived distance when coupled to GPS. When coupled to a VOR or localizer (LOC), the CDI has the same angular limits as a mechanical CDI. If the CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots) while coupled to GPS, the crosstrack error (XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol. 86 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Changing the External Navigator Flight Instruments Changing the external navigator: 1) If more than one navigator is configured, press the CDI SRC Softkey to toggle between available navigation sources. 2) Verify the external navigation source by the indication in the upper left quadrant of the HSI and on the external navigator. EIS Changing the Navigation Source Flight Planning NOTE: The G3X internal GPS flight plan is only for VFR use. GPS Navigation CNS Interface Changing the navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC, or VLOC): Use the associated external navigator to toggle between GPS and VOR/LOC source types. Refer to the appropriate external navigator Pilot’s Guide (e.g., SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver Pilot’s Guide, or the GTN or GNS Series Pilot’s Guides) for more information. When an external navigator is configured the internal GPS can still be used for VFR navigation. Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 87 Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments GPS Navigator 1 Toggle the External Navigator LOC Navigator 1 GPS Navigator 2 Toggle the External Navigator LOC Navigator 2 Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features (e.g., if the external navigator is a GNS 430, press the CDI Key on the GNS 430 to toggle between GPS1 and LOC1 or GPS2 and LOC2) Index Appendix CDI Source 88 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments GPS Navigation Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features Maximum recorded G load CNS Interface Resetting the G-meter minimum and maximum markers: 1) From the full screen PFD and/or split screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Press the RESET G Softkey to reset the minimum and maximum recorded G loads. EIS Manually displaying the G-meter: 1) From the full screen PFD and/or split screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight G METER. 3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘ON (NO HSI)’. Flight Instruments Whenever the G load on the airplane goes above +2.1G or below -0.5G, the HSI is temporally replaced with a large graphical G-meter. To remove the G-meter, press the CLR Key. Regardless of the current G load, the HSI can be replaced with a G-meter by changing the ‘G METER’ setting on the PFD setup page. The G-meter will be displayed until the setting is changed to auto or the power is cycled. Small white triangles are used to indicate the minimum and maximum recorded G loads. When in the auto display mode, the G-meter will automatically be displayed when an unusual attitude is sensed (i.e., greater than +/- 65° roll or +30°/-20° pitch). Refer to the G3X installation manual for more information on configuring the G-meter. System Overview G-METER AFCS Annun/Alerts G-meter pointer Appendix Minimum recorded G load G-meter Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 89 HSI ORIENTATION The HSI may be configured to provide directional information in either ‘Heading’ or ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’ “Track-up” modes. Selecting Heading Mode orients the HSI to display aircraft heading in a conventional manner with heading shown at the top of the compass card as indicated by the lubber line. In ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’ “Track-up” mode, the aircraft symbol and lubber line move to indicate heading and wind correction while ground track in shown at the top of the compass card. While in ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’ the HSI will remain heading-based when the aircraft is on the ground or when the autopilot is in HDG mode. Refer to the G3X installation manual for more information on configuring the HSI Orientation. Changing HSI orientation: 1) From the full screen PFD and/or split screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Press the MORE Softkey. 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight HSI ORIENTATION. 4) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Heading’ or ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’. Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments Heading Pointer Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Current Ground Track Index Appendix Annun/Alerts AFCS Aircraft Symbol showing wind correction Track up HSI PFD PITCH ATTITUDE OFFSET The Pitch attitude offset function allows the yellow aircraft symbol on the attitude indicator to be adjusted up or down much like the aircraft on a mechanical attitude indicator. The pitch attitude can be adjusted as much as +/- 2.5°. 90 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments Changing the PFD Pitch Attitude Offset: 1) From the full screen PFD and/or split screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Press the MORE Softkey. 3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight PITCH OFFSET. 4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired setting. EIS CNS Interface GPS Navigation Aircraft Symbol showing pitch offset. Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features Pitch Attitude offset angle AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix Pitch Attitude Offset Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 91 Flight Instruments Press the INTERNAL Softkey on the Active Flight Plan Page or the Direct-to Page, to temporarily allow flight planning through the G3X using the internal GPS flight plan when an external GPS Navigator is configured. Press the EXTERNAL Softkey to return to the external GPS navigator’s flight plan. When manually selecting the internal GPS flight plan, ‘INT’ is displayed in light blue in the upper left corner of the Data Bar as well as the lower left quadrant of the HSI. Using Internal GPS Flight Plan Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Manually Switching Between Internal and External Flight Plan Sources Index Appendix INT: The pilot has elected to use the internal GPS navigation source instead of the external GPS navigation source. Internal Flight Plan Indication 92 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments Failure of the External GPS Navigation Source EIS If the external GPS navigation source fails, the system reverts to the internal GPS navigation source and ‘REV’ is shown in yellow in the upper left corner of the Data Bar as well as the lower left quadrant of the HSI. Flight Instruments  From the Active Flight Plan Page or the Direct-to Page, touch the INTERNAL or EXTERNAL Softkey to switch between the internal and external flight plan sources when an external GPS Navigator is configured. System Overview Switching between internal and external flight plan sources: CNS Interface GPS Navigation External GPS Failure. Reverted to Internal GPS Flight Planning Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix REV: External Navigation Source failed. Reverted to internal VFR GPS for navigation. 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Index External GPS Navigation Failure 93 Flight Instruments NOTE: When an external GPS navigator is in use, the pilot cannot change the CDI scale. Three factors determine the default distance from the center of the CDI to full left or right limits: EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Automatic CDI Scale Selection (Internal GPS Only) • CDI scale = 1.25 nm - within 30 nm of any airport in the active route. CNS Interface • CDI scale = 0.25 nm - on an approach leg or within 2 nm of the FAF or MAP. • CDI scale = 5.0 nm - if the previous two conditions do not exist. GPS Navigation Manual CDI Scale Selection (Internal GPS Only) Adjusting the CDI scale: Flight Planning From the full-screen PFD and/or split-screen PFD Page, press the RNG Key down arrow to zoom in (decrease CDI scale), or the up arrow to zoom out (increase CDI scale). Additional Features Hazard Avoidance The current CDI scale appears in the upper right corner of the HSI. AFCS Current CDI Scale Index Appendix Annun/Alerts Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) The Automatic CDI Scale Selection will resume once the default determining factor for the current phase of flight matches the user-selected CDI scale. Auto-Slewing The G3X will automatically slew the LOC course pointer to the correct final approach course when an ILS, LOC, BC, LDA, or SDF approach is active in the external navigator and the appropriate CDI and navigation source are selected on the G3X. 94 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Setting up Auto-Slew: 1) With the desired approach activated in the external navigator, verify the appropriate CDI Source is selected (i.e., GPS1 or GPS2). 2) Once inside the FAF (Final Approach Fix), the course pointer will change from magenta to green and the course pointer will move, or slew, to the final approach course as received from the external GPS navigator. Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface When flying a localizer backcourse approach, verify that the selected course matches the published front course. The course selected can be manually changed by pressing the LOC CRS Softkey from the PFD or PFD Page (or press XPDR/CRS > LOC CRS (from the PFD or PFD Page) if a transponder is configured). A ‘Set APPR CRS’ message will appear if the course selection is not within 5° of either the front or back course for the selected approach. GPS Navigation Flight Planning ‘SET APPR CRS’ Message Hazard Avoidance Additional Features Auto-Slewing Message TRIM AND FLAP POSITION INDICATORS (OPTIONAL) Appendix Elevator Trim, Aileron Trim, Rudder Trim, and Flap Position indicators can be configured from the Engine/Airframe Input Configuration Page in Configuration Mode. Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for more information. Annun/Alerts NOTE: If the aircraft is configured with a remote transponder rudder and aileron trim indicators are not available on the PFD. All trim gauges are available from the ENG page. AFCS Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 95 Flight Instruments System Overview Elevator Trim Indicator Flight Instruments Flap Position Indicator Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Trim and Flap Position Indicators HEADING STRIP AND TURN RATE INDICATOR The Heading Strip displays the Current Heading, Selected Heading Bug, Current Heading, and Current Track Indicator. Numeric labels occur every 10˚. Major tick marks are at 5˚ intervals and minor tick marks at 1˚ intervals. A digital reading of the current heading appears in the center of the Heading Strip. The Turn Rate Indicator is located above the Heading Strip. Tick marks to the left and right of the displayed heading denote standard turn rates (3 deg/sec). A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the current turn rate. The end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in 6 seconds, based on the present turn rate. A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the standard turn rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the current heading. At rates greater than 4 deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid. Turn Rate Indicator (Standard Rate Tick Marks) AFCS Additional Features Aileron Trim Indicator Rudder Trim Indicator Annun/Alerts Turn Rate Trend Vector Heading Strip Current Heading Current Track Indicator Appendix Selected Heading Bug Index Heading Strip/Turn Rate Indicator 96 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments NOTE: If configured, the selected external GPS navigator (i.e., GTN or GNS Series Units) is used to set the OBS Mode. Flight Planning OBS Mode Annunciation OBS Mode Box GPS Navigation Extended Course Line CNS Interface While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the “active-to” waypoint on the moving map. If desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted. When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight plan returns to normal operation with automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS Mode. The flight path on the moving map retains the modified course line. EIS Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing of waypoints in a GPS flight plan, but retains the current “active-to” waypoint as the navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. ‘OBS’ is annunciated to the left of the aircraft symbol when OBS Mode is selected. Flight Instruments System Overview OBS MODE Hazard Avoidance Additional Features OBS Course Softkey AFCS Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode (Split-Screen) Index Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide Appendix 190-01115-00 Rev. P Annun/Alerts Enabling/disabling OBS Mode (without external GPS navigator): 1) From the Active Flight Plan Page press the MENU Key while navigating a flight plan or Direct-to. 2) With ‘Set OBS and Hold’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The OBS Mode Box is highlighted. 3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. 4) To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, press the MENU Key, with ‘Release Hold’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. 97 Flight Instruments 2.2 SUPPLEMENTAL FLIGHT DATA In addition to the flight instruments, the PFD or PFD Page also displays various supplemental information, including the Outside Air Temperature (OAT), wind data, and Vertical Navigation (VNAV) indications. OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE The Outside Air Temperature (OAT) is displayed in degrees Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees Celsius (°C) in the lower left of the PFD or PFD Page. Outside Air Temperature Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Enabling/disabling OBS Mode (with external GPS navigator configured): 1) Press the OBS Key on the external navigator. The ‘Set OBS and Hold’ Active Flight Plan Page menu option is now available. 2) Use the OBS CRS Softkey on the G3X to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Syncing to the current aircraft location (without external GPS navigator): 1) With OBS Mode enabled, press the OBS CRS Softkey or press XPDR/CRS > OBS CRS (if necessary). 2) Press and hold the FMS Joystick. Outside Air Temperature on PFD Page (Split-Screen) Index Appendix Changing the outside air temperature setting: 1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu. 2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key. 3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Units’ and press the ENT Key. 98 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments WIND DATA GPS Navigation Flight Planning Wind Speed and Direction CNS Interface Showing/hiding wind data: 1) From the full-screen PFD and/or split-screen PFD Page, press the MENU Key. 2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Wind Vector field. 3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Speed/Dir’ or ‘Head/X-wind’. EIS Wind direction/speed or headwind/Crosswind information can be displayed in a window to the upper left of the HSI. When the window is selected for display, but wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window displays “No Wind Data”. Flight Instruments 5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to return to the previous page. System Overview 4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired unit (Fahrenheit (°F) or Celsius (°C)). Headwind and Crosswind Hazard Avoidance Additional Features AFCS Wind Data Annun/Alerts ANGLE OF ATTACK (AOA) Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 99 Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Appendix G3X installations that include a GAP 26 and a GSU 25, Angle of Attack information can be displayed on the PFD. Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for the Angle of Attack Calibration procedure. During Angle of Attack Calibration Stall Warning AOA, Caution Alert AOA, Minimum Visible AOA, and Approach Target AOA are defined. When AOA exceeds the calibrated Caution Alert threshold (AOA gauge , an intermittent audible tone will be heard. The tone will increase in frequency until the Stall Warning AOA, when it will play continuously. When AOA is below the calibrated Minimum Visible AOA threshold, the angle of attack gauge is not displayed. CNS Interface EIS Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation Angle of Attack Additional Features Angle of Attack (AOA) AFCS Stall Warning AOA (Flashes) Annun/Alerts Approach Target AOA Caution Alert AOA Appendix Minimum Visible AOA Index Angle of Attack Display (AOA) 100 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview 2.3 VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) AFCS Annun/Alerts Appendix At 200 ft above the target altitude, the “Approaching Target Altitude” message appears, and the VNAV indicator disappears from the PFD. Additional Features One minute prior to the initial descent point the “Approaching VNAV Profile” message appears and the ‘Estimated Time to VNAV’ (on Active Flight Plan Page) goes blank. The descent angle locks to prevent changes in speed from altering the profile. The VNAV feature does not take into account any changes in ground speed that occur during the transition from level flight to descent. Hazard Avoidance VNAV autopilot in HDG mode. Flight Planning NOTE: The Vertical Navigation feature is not available when using the GPS Navigation The Vertical Navigation feature is only available when navigating a Direct-to or flight plan, and the ground speed is greater than 35 knots. CNS Interface When the VNAV profile is defined, the pilot is informed of the progress by message alerts. A magenta chevron (VNAV Indicator) to the left of the altimeter on the Vertical Deviation Scale shows the VNAV profile, and a magenta chevron (Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI)) on the Vertical Speed Indicator indicates the required vertical speed to reach the target altitude. EIS The Vertical Navigation Page provides settings for the vertical navigation feature. These settings create a three-dimensional profile from the present location and altitude to a final (target) altitude at a specified location. Flight Instruments CAUTION: VNAV is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended for instru ment approaches. Index 190-01115-00 Rev. P Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 101 AV VN System Overview Flight Instruments o Pr Flight Instruments file Distance to Profile Glid eR to T arg et EIS atio Target Altitude Airport Visual Representation of VNAV USING THE VNAV FEATURE Use the VNAV (Vertical Navigation) feature to ensure the aircraft is at the proper altitude. The magenta VNAV Indicator appears on the PFD. A message appears when approaching the VNAV Profile. When the VNAV Indicator is in the vertical center of the Vertical Deviation Scale, the aircraft is at the proper altitude for the VNAV Profile. VNAV Indicator Hazard Avoidance Flight Planning GPS Navigation CNS Interface Distance to Target Vertical Deviation Scale Annun/Alerts AFCS Additional Features Required Vertical Speed Indicator VNAV Indications (PFD) Index Appendix Configuring a VNAV profile: 1) Press the FPL Key. 2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Vertical Navigation Page. 3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor. 4) Enter the desired profile into the fields, and press the EXIT Softkey. 102 Garmin G3X Pilot’s Guide 190-01115-00 Rev. P Flight Instruments System Overview Flight Instruments EIS CNS Interface Vertical Navigation Page (Split-Screen) GPS Navigation • Waypoint—Enter any waypoint along the currently active route as the reference waypoint. The reference waypoint defines the target location. • Profile—Enter the descent rate. Flight Planning • Altitude—Enter the desired reference waypoint altitude. Select ‘Above • By—Enter the target location with settings of distance ‘Before’ or ‘After’ a • VNAV Messages—S